Cisco Connected Grid Router 2010 Software Configuration Guide
Cisco IOS CLI for Initial Configuration
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Cisco IOS CLI for Initial Configuration

Table Of Contents

Cisco IOS CLI for Initial Configuration

Contents

Cisco Configuration Professional Express

Prerequisites for Initial Software Configuration Using the Cisco IOS CLI

Using the Cisco IOS CLI to Perform Initial Configuration

Configuring the Router Hostname

Configuring the Enable and Enable Secret Passwords

Restrictions

Configuring the Console Idle Privileged EXEC Timeout

Examples

Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces

Examples

Specifying a Default Route or Gateway of Last Resort

IP Routing

Default Routes

Default Network

Gateway of Last Resort

Examples

Configuring Virtual Terminal Lines for Remote Console Access

Examples

What to Do Next

Configuring the Auxiliary Line

Verifying Network Connectivity

Prerequisites

Examples

Saving Your Router Configuration

Saving Backup Copies of Configuration and System Image

Examples

Monitoring Environmental Parameters


Cisco IOS CLI for Initial Configuration


First Published: April 11, 2013, OL-20356-01
Last Updated: April 11, 2013

This module describes how to perform the initial configuration using the Cisco Internet Operating System (IOS) command-line interface on Cisco Connected Grid Router 2010.


Note We recommend using Cisco Configuration Professional Express, a web-based GUI that lets you perform the initial configuration.


Contents

Cisco Configuration Professional Express

Prerequisites for Initial Software Configuration Using the Cisco IOS CLI

Using the Cisco IOS CLI to Perform Initial Configuration

Cisco Configuration Professional Express

After you connect cables and supply power to the router, use Cisco Configuration Professional Express web-based application to configure the initial router settings. See Cisco Configuration Professional Express User Guide for detailed instructions.

Prerequisites for Initial Software Configuration Using the Cisco IOS CLI

Follow the instructions in the Cisco Connected Grid Router 2010 hardware installation guide to install the chassis, connect cables, and supply power to the router.


Timesaver Before supplying power to the router, disconnect all WAN cables from the router to keep it from trying to run the AutoInstall process. The router tries to run AutoInstall if you power it on while there is a WAN connection on both ends and the router does not have a valid configuration file stored in NVRAM (for instance, when you add a new interface). It can take several minutes for the router to determine that AutoInstall is not connected to a remote TCP/IP host.


Using the Cisco IOS CLI to Perform Initial Configuration

This section contains the following procedures:

Configuring the Router Hostname (Optional)

Configuring the Enable and Enable Secret Passwords (Required)

Configuring the Console Idle Privileged EXEC Timeout (Optional)

Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces (Required)

Specifying a Default Route or Gateway of Last Resort (Required)

Configuring Virtual Terminal Lines for Remote Console Access (Required)

Configuring the Auxiliary Line (Optional)

Verifying Network Connectivity (Required)

Saving Your Router Configuration (Required)

Saving Backup Copies of Configuration and System Image (Optional)

Monitoring Environmental Parameters

Configuring the Router Hostname

The hostname is used in CLI prompts and default configuration filenames. If you do not configure the router hostname, the router uses the factory-assigned default hostname "Router."

Do not expect case sensitivity to be preserved in the hostname. Uppercase and lowercase characters are treated identically by many Internet software applications. Conventions dictate that computer names appear in all lowercase characters. For more information, see RFC 1178, Choosing a Name for Your Computer.

The name must also follow the rules for ARPANET hostnames. They must start with a letter, end with a letter or digit, and have only letters, digits, and hyphens as interior characters. Names must be 63 characters or fewer. For more information, see RFC 1035, Domain Names—Implementation and Specification.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. hostname name

4. Verify that the router prompt displays your new hostname.

5. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

hostname name

Example:

Router(config)# hostname myrouter

Specifies or modifies the hostname for the network server.

Step 4 

Verify that the router prompt displays your new hostname.

Example:

myrouter(config)#

Step 5 

end

Example:

myrouter# end

(Optional) Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Configuring the Enable and Enable Secret Passwords

To provide an additional layer of security, particularly for passwords that cross the network or are stored on an unsecured TFTP server, you can use either the enable password command or enable secret command. Both commands accomplish the same thing—they allow you to establish an encrypted password that users must enter to access privileged EXEC (enable) mode.

We recommend that you use the enable secret command because it uses an improved encryption algorithm. Use the enable password command only if you boot an older image of the Cisco IOS software or if you boot older boot ROMs that do not recognize the enable secret command.

For more information, see the "Configuring Security with Passwords, Privilege Levels, and Login Usernames for CLI Sessions on Networking Devices" chapter in Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing User Services, Release 15.0. Also, see Cisco IOS Password Encryption Facts and Cisco Guide to Harden Cisco IOS Devices.

Restrictions

If you configure the enable secret command, it takes precedence over the enable password command; the two commands cannot be in effect simultaneously.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. enable password password

4. enable secret password

5. end

6. enable

7. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

enable password password

Example:

Router(config)# enable password pswd2

(Optional) Sets a local password to control access to various privilege levels.

We recommend that you perform this step only if you boot an older image of the Cisco IOS software or if you boot older boot ROMs that do not recognize the enable secret command.

Step 4 

enable secret password

Example:

Router(config)# enable secret greentree

Specifies an additional layer of security over the enable password command.

Do not use the same password that you entered in Step 3.

Step 5 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 6 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Verify that your new enable or enable secret password works.

Step 7 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

(Optional) Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Configuring the Console Idle Privileged EXEC Timeout

This section describes how to configure the console line's idle privileged EXEC timeout. By default, the privileged EXEC command interpreter waits for 10 minutes to detect user input before timing out.

When you configure the console line, you can also set communication parameters, specify autobaud connections, and configure terminal operating parameters for the terminal that you are using. For more information on configuring the console line, see Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals and Network Management Configuration Guide. In particular, see the "Configuring Operating Characteristics for Terminals" and "Troubleshooting and Fault Management" chapters.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. line console 0

4. exec-timeout minutes [seconds]

5. end

6. show running-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

line console 0

Example:

Router(config)# line console 0

Configures the console line and starts the line configuration command collection mode.

Step 4 

exec-timeout minutes [seconds]

Example:

Router(config-line)# exec-timeout 0 0

Sets the idle privileged EXEC timeout, which is the interval that the privileged EXEC command interpreter waits until user input is detected.

The example shows how to specify no timeout. Setting the exec-timeout value to 0 will cause the router to never log out once logged in. This could have security implications if you leave the console without manually logging out using the disable command.

Step 5 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 6 

show running-config

Example:

Router(config)# show running-config

Displays the running configuration file.

Verify that you properly configured the idle privileged EXEC timeout.

Examples

The following example shows how to set the console idle privileged EXEC timeout to 2 minutes 30 seconds:

line console
 exec-timeout 2 30
 
   

The following example shows how to set the console idle privileged EXEC timeout to 10 seconds:

line console
 exec-timeout 0 10 

Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces

This sections shows how to assign an IP address and interface description to an Ethernet interface on your router.

For comprehensive configuration information on Gigabit Ethernet interfaces, see the "Configuring LAN Interfaces" chapter of Cisco IOS Interface and Hardware Component Configuration Guide, Release 15.0,

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show ip interface brief

3. configure terminal

4. interface gigabitethernet 0/port

5. media-type {rj45 | sfp}

6. description string

7. ip address ip-address mask

8. no shutdown

9. end

10. show ip interface brief

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

show ip interface brief

Example:

Router# show ip interface brief

Displays a brief status of the interfaces that are configured for IP.

Learn which type of Ethernet interface is on your router.

Step 3 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 4 

interface gigabitethernet 0/port

Example:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/0

Specifies the Gigabit Ethernet interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 5 

media-type {rj45 | sfp}

Example:

Router(config-if)# media-type sfp

Router(config-if)#

Example:

Router(config-if)# media-type rj45

Router(config-if)#

Designates SFP port as the primary media.

or

Designates RJ45 as the primary media.

Step 6 

description string

Example:

Router(config-if)# description GE int to 2nd floor south wing

(Optional) Adds a description to an interface configuration.

The description helps you remember what is attached to this interface. The description can be useful for troubleshooting.

Step 7 

ip address ip-address mask

Example:

Router(config-if)# ip address 172.16.74.3 255.255.255.0

Sets a primary IP address for an interface.

Step 8 

no shutdown

Example:

Router(config-if)# no shutdown

Enables an interface.

Step 9 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 10 

show ip interface brief

Example:

Router# show ip interface brief

Displays a brief status of the interfaces that are configured for IP.

Verify that the Ethernet interfaces are up and configured correctly.

Examples

Sample Output for show interfaces gigabitethernet0/0 and show interfaces gigabitethernet0/1 Commands

Router# show interfaces gigabitethernet 0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down 
  Hardware is CN Gigabit Ethernet, address is 0022.bdd4.ba00 (bia 0022.bdd4.ba0)
  Internet address is 192.168.1.2/24
  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit/sec, DLY 10 usec, 
     reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
  Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
  Keepalive set (10 sec)
  Full Duplex, 1Gbps, media type is no media
  output flow-control is unsupported, input flow-control is unsupported
  ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
  Last input never, output 01:04:50, output hang never
  Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
  Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
  Queueing strategy: fifo
  Output queue: 0/40 (size/max)
  5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
  5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
     0 packets input, 0 bytes, 0 no buffer
     Received 0 broadcasts (0 IP multicasts)
     0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
     0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored
     0 watchdog, 0 multicast, 0 pause input
     1 packets output, 60 bytes, 0 underruns
     0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets
     0 unknown protocol drops
     0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
     0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier, 0 pause output
     0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
Router#
 
   
Router# show interfaces gigabitethernet0/1
GigabitEthernet0/1 is up, line protocol is up 
  Hardware is CN Gigabit Ethernet, address is 0022.bdd4.ba01 (bia 0022.bdd4.ba0)
  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit/sec, DLY 10 usec, 
     reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
  Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
  Keepalive set (10 sec)
  Full Duplex, 1Gbps, media type is RJ45
  output flow-control is XON, input flow-control is XON
  ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
  Last input 00:00:19, output 00:00:08, output hang never
  Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
  Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
  Queueing strategy: fifo
  Output queue: 0/40 (size/max)
  5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
  5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
     80 packets input, 20838 bytes, 0 no buffer
     Received 78 broadcasts (0 IP multicasts)
     0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
     0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored
     0 watchdog, 66 multicast, 0 pause input
     473 packets output, 48302 bytes, 0 underruns
     0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets
     0 unknown protocol drops
     0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
     0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier, 0 pause output
     0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
Router#

Sample Output for the show ip interface brief Command

Router# show ip interface brief 
Interface                  IP-Address      OK? Method Status                Prol
GigabitEthernet0/0         192.168.1.2     YES NVRAM  administratively down dow 
GigabitEthernet0/1         unassigned      YES NVRAM  up                    up  
Serial0/0/1                unassigned      YES NVRAM  administratively down dow 
Serial0/0/2                unassigned      YES NVRAM  administratively down dow 
Serial0/0/3                unassigned      YES NVRAM  administratively down dow 
Serial0/0/4                unassigned      YES NVRAM  administratively down dow 
Serial0/0/5                unassigned      YES NVRAM  administratively down dow 
Serial0/0/6                unassigned      YES NVRAM  administratively down dow 
Serial0/0/7                unassigned      YES NVRAM  administratively down dow 
Serial0/0/0                unassigned      YES NVRAM  up                    up 
Router# 

Specifying a Default Route or Gateway of Last Resort

This section describes how to specify a default route with IP routing enabled. For alternative methods of specifying a default route, see the Configuring a Gateway of Last Resort Using IP Commands tech note.

The Cisco IOS software uses the gateway (router) of last resort if it does not have a better packet route and if the destination is not a connected network. This section describes how to select a network as a default route (a candidate route for computing the gateway of last resort). The way in which routing protocols propagate the default route information varies for each protocol.

For comprehensive configuration information about IP routing and IP routing protocols, see the Cisco IOS IP Addressing Services Configuration Guide, Release 15.0. In particular, see the "Configuring IPv4 Addresses" chapter.

IP Routing

You can configure integrated routing and bridging (IRB) so the router can route and bridge simultaneously. The router will act as an IP host on the network whether routing is enabled or not. For more information about IRB, see Integrated Routing and Bridging (IRB).

IP routing is automatically enabled in the Cisco IOS software. When IP routing is configured, the system uses a configured or learned route to forward packets, including a configured default route.


Note This task section does not apply when IP routing is disabled. To specify a default route when IP routing is disabled, refer to Configuring a Gateway of Last Resort Using IP Commands.


Default Routes

A router might not be able to determine the routes to all other networks. To provide complete routing capability, the common practice is to use some routers as smart routers and give the remaining routers default routes to the smart router. (Smart routers have routing table information for the entire internetwork.) These default routes can be passed along dynamically, or can be configured into the individual routers.

Most dynamic interior routing protocols include a mechanism for causing a smart router to generate dynamic default information that is then passed along to other routers.

Default Network

If a router has an interface that is directly connected to the specified default network, the dynamic routing protocols running on the router will generate or source a default route. In the case of Routing Information Protocol (RIP), the router advertises the pseudonetwork 0.0.0.0. In the case of Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP), the network itself is advertised and flagged as an exterior route.

A router that is generating the default for a network also may need a default of its own. One way a router can generate its own default is to specify a static route to the network 0.0.0.0 through the appropriate device.

Gateway of Last Resort

When default information is being passed along through a dynamic routing protocol, no further configuration is required. The system periodically scans its routing table to choose the optimal default network as its default route. In the case of RIP, there is only one choice, network 0.0.0.0. In the case of IGRP, there might be several networks that can be candidates for the system default. The Cisco IOS software uses both administrative distance and metric information to determine the default route (gateway of last resort). The selected default route appears in the gateway of last resort display of the show ip route EXEC command.

If dynamic default information is not being passed to the software, candidates for the default route are specified with the ip default-network global configuration command. In this usage, the ip default-network command takes an unconnected network as an argument. If this network appears in the routing table from any source (dynamic or static), it is flagged as a candidate default route and is a possible choice as the default route.

If the router has no interface on the default network, but does have a route to it, it considers this network as a candidate default path. The route candidates are examined and the best one is chosen, based on administrative distance and metric. The gateway to the best default path becomes the gateway of last resort.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ip routing

4. ip route dest-prefix mask next-hop-ip-address [admin-distance] [permanent]

5. ip default-network network-number
or
ip route dest-prefix mask next-hop-ip-address

6. end

7. show ip route

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ip routing

Example:

Router(config)# ip routing

Enables IP routing.

Step 4 

ip route dest-prefix mask next-hop-ip-address [admin-distance] [permanent]

Example:

Router(config)# ip route 192.168.24.0 255.255.255.0 172.28.99.2

Establishes a static route.

Step 5 

ip default-network network-number

or

ip route dest-prefix mask next-hop-ip-address

Example:

Router(config)# ip default-network 192.168.24.0

Example:

Router(config)# ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.28.99.1

Selects a network as a candidate route for computing the gateway of last resort.

Creates a static route to network 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 for computing the gateway of last resort.

Step 6 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 7 

show ip route

Example:

Router# show ip route

Displays the current routing table information.

Verify that the gateway of last resort is set.

Examples

Sample Output for show ip route Command

Router# show ip route 
Codes: L - local, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route, + - replicated route
 
   
Gateway of last resort is 172.25.212.1 to network 0.0.0.0
 
   
S*    0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 172.25.212.1
      172.25.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks
C        172.25.212.0/25 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/0
L        172.25.212.39/32 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/0
Router#

Configuring Virtual Terminal Lines for Remote Console Access

Virtual terminal lines (vty) are used to allow remote access to the router. This section shows you how to configure the vty with a password, so that only authorized users can remotely access the router.

The router has five vty lines by default. However, you can create additional vty lines as described in Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 15.0. See Configuring Terminal Operating Characteristics for Dial-In Sessions section.

Line passwords and password encryption is described in the "Configuring Security with Passwords, Privilege Levels, and Login Usernames for CLI Sessions on Networking Devices" section of Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing User Services, Release 15.0. If you want to secure the vty lines with an access list, see the "IP Access List Overview" chapter of Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing the Data Plane, Release 15.0. Also, see Cisco IOS Password Encryption Facts.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. line vty line-number [ending-line-number]

4. password password

5. login

6. end

7. show running-config

8. From another network device, attempt to open a Telnet session to the router.

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

line vty line-number [ending-line-number]

Example:

Router(config)# line vty 0 4

Starts the line configuration command collection mode for the vty for remote console access.

Make sure that you configure all vty lines on your router.

Note To verify the number of vty lines on your router, use the line vty ? command.

Step 4 

password password

Example:

Router(config-line)# password guessagain

Specifies a password on a line.

Step 5 

login

Example:

Router(config-line)# login

Enables password checking at login.

Step 6 

end

Example:

Router(config-line)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 7 

show running-config

Example:

Router# show running-config

Displays the running configuration file.

Verify that you properly configured the virtual terminal lines for remote access.

Step 8 

From another network device, attempt to open a Telnet session to the router.

Example:

Router# 172.16.74.3

Password:

Verifies that you can remotely access the router and that the virtual terminal line password is correctly configured.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure virtual terminal lines with a password:

!
line vty 0 4 
 password guessagain 
 login 
!

What to Do Next

After you configure the vty lines, complete these steps:

(Optional) To encrypt the virtual terminal line password, see the "Configuring Security with Passwords, Privilege Levels, and Login Usernames for CLI Sessions on Networking Devices" section of Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing User Services, Release 15.0. Also, see Cisco IOS Password Encryption Facts.

(Optional) To secure the vty lines with an access list, see Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing the Data Plane, Release 15.0.

Configuring the Auxiliary Line

This section describes how to enter line configuration mode for the auxiliary (AUX) line. How you configure the auxiliary line depends on your particular implementation of the auxiliary port. See the following documents for detailed information on configuring the auxiliary line:

Technical Note: Configuring a Modem on the AUX Port for EXEC Dialin Connectivity

Sample Configuration: Configuring Dialout Using a Modem on the AUX Port

Sample Configuration: Configuring AUX-to-AUX Port Async Backup with Dialer Watch

Technical Note: Modem-Router Connection Guide

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. line aux 0

4. See the tech notes and sample configurations to configure the line for your particular implementation of the AUX port.

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

line aux 0

Example:

Router(config)# line aux 0

Starts the line configuration command collection mode for the auxiliary line.

Step 4 

See the tech notes and sample configurations to configure the line for your particular implementation of the AUX port.

Verifying Network Connectivity

This section describes how to verify network connectivity for your router.

Prerequisites

Complete all previous configuration tasks in this document.

The router must be connected to a properly configured network host.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. ping [ip-address | hostname]

3. telnet {ip-address | hostname}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

ping [ip-address | hostname]

Example:

Router# ping 172.16.74.5

Diagnoses initial network connectivity.

To verify connectivity, ping the next hop router or connected host for each configured interface to.

Step 3 

telnet {ip-address | hostname}

Example:

Router# telnet 172.16.72.3

Logs in to a host that supports Telnet.

If you want to test the vty line password, perform this step from a different network device, and use your router's IP address.

Examples

The following display shows an example output for the ping command when you ping the IP address 172.25.212.39:

Router# ping
Protocol [ip]: 
Target IP address: 172.25.212.39
Repeat count [5]: 
Datagram size [100]: 
Timeout in seconds [2]: 
Extended commands [n]: 
Sweep range of sizes [n]: 
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.25.212.39, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/1 ms
Router#

The following display shows an example output for the ping command when you ping the IP hostname donald:

Router# ping donald 
 
   
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.168.7.27, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent, round-trip min/avg/max = 1/3/4 ms 

Saving Your Router Configuration

This section describes how to avoid losing your configuration at the next system reload or power cycle by saving the running configuration to the startup configuration in NVRAM. The NVRAM provides 256KB of storage on the router.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

Router# copy running-config startup-config

Saves the running configuration to the startup configuration.

Saving Backup Copies of Configuration and System Image

To aid file recovery and minimize downtime in case of file corruption, we recommend that you save backup copies of the startup configuration file and the Cisco IOS software system image file on a server.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. copy nvram:startup-config {ftp: | rcp: | tftp:}

3. show {flash0 | flash1}:

4. copy {flash0 | flash1}: {ftp: | rcp: | tftp:}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

copy nvram:startup-config {ftp: | rcp: | tftp:}

Example:

Router# copy nvram:startup-config ftp:

Copies the startup configuration file to a server.

The configuration file copy can serve as a backup copy.

Enter the destination URL when prompted.

Step 3 

show {flash0|flash1}:

Example:

Router# show {flash0|flash1}:

Displays the layout and contents of a flash memory file system.

Learn the name of the system image file.

Note The command flash: and flash0: refer to the same device.

Step 4 

copy {flash0|flash1}: {ftp: | rcp: | tftp:}

Example:

Router# copy {flash0|flash1}: ftp:

Copies a file from flash memory to a server.

Copy the system image file to a server to serve as a backup copy.

Enter the filename and destination URL when prompted.

Examples

Copying the Startup Configuration to a TFTP Server: Example

The following example shows the startup configuration being copied to a TFTP server:

Router# copy nvram:startup-config tftp: 
 
   
Remote host[]? 172.16.101.101 
 
   
Name of configuration file to write [rtr2-confg]? <cr> 
Write file rtr2-confg on host 172.16.101.101?[confirm] <cr> 
![OK] 

Copying from Flash Memory to a TFTP Server: Example

The following example shows the use of the show flash command in privileged EXEC to learn the name of the system image file and the use of the copy {flash0}: tftp: privileged EXEC command to copy the system image to a TFTP server. The router uses the default username and password.

Router# show flash 
-#- --length-- -----date/time------ path
1     47295716 Feb 12 2010 22:00:58 cgr2010-universalk9-mz.SPA.151-1.T
2     47304696 Mar 04 2010 06:00:48 cgr2010-universalk9-mz.SPA.151-1.T
3       384478 Feb 18 2010 12:17:36 u-boot-cisco_3gorges_ram
4      2812042 Feb 18 2010 22:03:50 C2935R_RM2.srec.SSA
5     47304060 Feb 22 2010 20:45:16 cgr2010-universalk9-mz.SPA.151-1.T
6     47300944 Mar 02 2010 17:51:16 cgr2010-universalk9-mz.SPA.151-1.T
7      2812044 Mar 04 2010 06:12:54 CGR2010_RM2_0227.srec
8     11776175 Mar 30 2010 21:23:24 cgs2520-ipservices-mz.s12
9       146671 Mar 30 2010 23:16:42 crashinfo_20100330-231642-UTC
 
   
46469120 bytes available (207151104 bytes used)
 
   
Router#
 
   
Router# copy flash0: tftp: 
 
   
IP address of remote host [255.255.255.255]? 172.16.13.110 
filename to write on tftp host? c3600-c2is-mz 
writing cgr2010-c2is-mz !!!!...
successful ftp write.

Monitoring Environmental Parameters

The Cisco Connected Grid Router 2010 includes sensors that measure the status and internal temperature of critical components. Internal component temperatures are measured for the central processor, internal components, and interface cards. A 72-hour temperature history is stored for the central processor at one-hour intervals.

Power consumption and power supplies are monitored. The measured temperature is compared to predetermined threshold limits and, if the temperature does not fall within the limits, the information is recorded and a warning sent to the system administrator by means of Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) traps until the temperature falls back to its normal range.

A command-line interface (CLI) command allows the display of the current system environment and temperature status.

Use the following CLI to monitor the system environment:

Router# show environment {all | last | table}
 
   

where:

all—Displays all environmental monitor parameters

last—Displays the last environmental monitor parameters

table—Displays the table of temperature and voltage ranges

The following example shows a sample output of the show environment all command. In the following example, the power supplies are external:

Router# show environment all
SYSTEM POWER SUPPLY STATUS
==========================
 Internal Power Supply 1 Type: AC-POE
 Internal Power Supply 1 POE Output Status: Normal
 
   
 Internal Power Supply 2 Type: Absent
 
   
 
   
SYSTEM TEMPERATURE STATUS
=========================
 CPU temperature: 63 Celsius, Normal
 Riser Card temperature: 39 Celsius, Normal
 DRAM temperature: 32 Celsius, Normal
 SFP temperature: 31 Celsius, Normal
 GRWIC slot 0 temperature: 32 Celsius, Normal
 
   
REAL TIME CLOCK BATTERY STATUS
==============================
 Battery OK (checked at power up)
 
   
SYSTEM WATTAGE
===============
 Motherboard Components Power consumption = 19.024 W
 Total System Power consumption is: 19.024 W
          
 Environmental information last updated 00:00:21
 
   
Router#
 
   

The following example shows a sample output of the show environment last command. In the following example, the power supplies are external:

Router# show environment last 
SYSTEM POWER SUPPLY STATUS
==========================
 Internal Power Supply 1 Type: AC-POE
 Internal Power Supply 1 POE Output Status: Normal
 
   
 Internal Power Supply 2 Type: Absent
 
   
 
   
SYSTEM TEMPERATURE STATUS
=========================
 CPU temperature: 63 Celsius, Normal
 Riser Card temperature: 38 Celsius, Normal
 DRAM temperature: 32 Celsius, Normal
 SFP temperature: 31 Celsius, Normal
 GRWIC slot 0 temperature: 33 Celsius, Normal
 
   
REAL TIME CLOCK BATTERY STATUS
==============================
 Battery OK (checked at power up)
Router#
 
   

The following example shows a sample output of the show environment table command. In the following example, the power supplies are external:

Router# show environment table
SYSTEM POWER SUPPLY STATUS
==========================
 Internal Power Supply 1 Type: AC-POE
 Internal Power Supply 1 POE Output Status: Normal
 
   
 Internal Power Supply 2 Type: Absent
 
   
 
   
SYSTEM TEMPERATURE STATUS
=========================
 CPU temperature: 63 Celsius, Normal
 Riser Card temperature: 39 Celsius, Normal
 DRAM temperature: 32 Celsius, Normal
 SFP temperature: 31 Celsius, Normal
 GRWIC slot 0 temperature: 33 Celsius, Normal
 
   
REAL TIME CLOCK BATTERY STATUS
==============================
 Battery OK (checked at power up)
 
   
SYSTEM ALARMS SETTINGS
======================
 CPU Over Temperature Alarm = 100C
 Riser Card Over Temperature Alarm = 100C
 DRAM Over Temperature Alarm = 85C
 SFP Over Temperature Alarm = 85C
 GRWIC slot 0 Over Temperature Alarm = 90C
 GRWIC slot 1 Over Temperature Alarm = 90C
 GRWIC slot 2 Over Temperature Alarm = 90C
 GRWIC slot 3 Over Temperature Alarm = 90C
 Power Supply Unit 1 Over Temperature Alarm = 100C
 Power Supply Unit 2 Over Temperature Alarm = 100C
 
   
SYSTEM VOLTAGES
===============
 12V voltage = 11.944 V, Normal
 5V voltage = 5.028 V, Normal
 3.3V voltage = 3.288 V, Normal
 2.5V voltage = 2.512 V, Normal
 1.8V voltage = 1.801 V, Normal
 1.2V voltage = 1.202 V, Normal
 ASIC voltage = 1.052 V, Normal
 CPU Core voltage = 1.065 V, Normal
 
   
SYSTEM WATTAGE
===============
 Motherboard Components Power consumption = 19.245 W
 Total System Power consumption is: 19.245 W
 
   
 Environmental information last updated 00:00:02
 
   
ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS EVENTS
===========================
Critical Temperature: Maxium = 0
                      Total Duration = 0
 
   
------ CPU TEMPERATURE SENSOR REGISTERS ------ 
REG: 0x0 : 0x28
REG: 0x1 : 0x3F
REG: 0x2 : 0x0
REG: 0x3 : 0x0
REG: 0x4 : 0x4
REG: 0x5 : 0x73
REG: 0x6 : 0xE7
REG: 0x7 : 0x78
REG: 0x8 : 0xE7
 
   
------- POWER SEQUENCER REGS -------
REG: 0x0 : 0x305
REG: 0x1 : 0x51
REG: 0x2 : 0x1
REG: 0x3 : 0x1
REG: 0x4 : 0x0
REG: 0x5 : 0x0
REG: 0x6 : 0x64BD
REG: 0x7 : 0xE713
REG: 0x8 : 0x2F3
REG: 0x9 : 0x2F8
REG: 0xA : 0x237
REG: 0xB : 0x2DA
REG: 0xC : 0x2DD
REG: 0xD : 0x2D8
REG: 0xE : 0x302
REG: 0xF : 0x304
REG: 0x10 : 0x300
REG: 0x11 : 0x319
REG: 0x12 : 0x31E
REG: 0x13 : 0x317
REG: 0x14 : 0x2AA
REG: 0x15 : 0x2AE
REG: 0x16 : 0x2A6
REG: 0x17 : 0x57
REG: 0x18 : 0x6C
REG: 0x19 : 0x40
REG: 0x1A : 0x1C8
REG: 0x1B : 0x1CD
REG: 0x1C : 0x1C4
REG: 0x1D : 0x18E
REG: 0x1E : 0x196
REG: 0x1F : 0x18C
REG: 0x20 : 0x18F
REG: 0x21 : 0x199
REG: 0x22 : 0x187
REG: 0x23 : 0x0
REG: 0x24 : 0x0
REG: 0x25 : 0x0
REG: 0x26 : 0x0
REG: 0x27 : 0x0
REG: 0x28 : 0x0
REG: 0x29 : 0x0
REG: 0x2A : 0x0
REG: 0x2B : 0x0
REG: 0x2C : 0x0
REG: 0x2D : 0x0
REG: 0x2E : 0x78
REG: 0x2F : 0x0
REG: 0x30 : 0x0
REG: 0x31 : 0x4600
REG: 0x32 : 0x902
REG: 0x33 : 0x905
REG: 0x34 : 0x905
REG: 0x35 : 0x900
REG: 0x36 : 0xC04
REG: 0x37 : 0x903
REG: 0x38 : 0x38
REG: 0x39 : 0xE03
REG: 0x3A : 0x8F
REG: 0x3B : 0x32
REG: 0x3C : 0x38
REG: 0x3D : 0xFFFF
REG: 0x3E : 0x0
REG: 0x3F : 0x0
REG: 0x40 : 0x0
REG: 0x41 : 0x0
REG: 0x42 : 0x0
REG: 0x43 : 0x0
Router#