Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting Guide, Release 5.0
Chapter 4, Performance Monitoring
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Performance Monitoring

Table Of Contents

Performance Monitoring

4.1  Threshold Performance Monitoring

4.2  Intermediate Path Performance Monitoring

4.3  Pointer Justification Count Performance Monitoring

4.4  Performance-Monitoring Parameter Definitions

4.5  Performance Monitoring for Electrical Cards

4.5.1  EC1-12 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.5.2  DS1-14 and DS1N-14 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.5.3  DS3-12 and DS3N-12 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.5.4  DS3-12E and DS3N-12E Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.5.5  DS3i-N-12 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.5.6  DS3XM-6 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.5.7  DS3XM-12 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.5.8  DS3/EC1-48 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.6  Performance Monitoring for Ethernet Cards

4.6.1  E-Series Ethernet Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.6.2  G-Series Ethernet Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.6.3  ML-Series Ethernet Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.6.4  CE-Series Ethernet Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.7  Performance Monitoring for Optical Cards

4.8  Performance Monitoring for Transponder and Muxponder Cards

4.8.1  MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G Payload PM Parameters

4.8.2  MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G History Window

4.9  Performance Monitoring for Storage Access Networking Cards

4.9.1  FC_MR-4 Statistics Window

4.9.2  FC_MR-4 Utilization Window

4.9.3  FC_MR-4 History Window

4.10  Performance Monitoring for DWDM Cards

4.10.1  Optical Amplifier Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.10.2  Multiplexer and Demultiplexer Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.10.3  4MD-xx.x Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.10.4  OADM Channel Filter Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.10.5  OADM Band Filter Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

4.10.6  Optical Service Channel Card Performance Monitoring Parameters


Performance Monitoring


Performance monitoring (PM) parameters are used by service providers to gather, store, set thresholds, and report performance data for early detection of problems. In this chapter, PM parameters and concepts are defined for electrical cards, Ethernet cards, optical cards, and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) cards in the Cisco ONS 15454.

For information about enabling and viewing PM values, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Procedure Guide.

Chapter topics include:

Threshold Performance Monitoring

Intermediate Path Performance Monitoring

Pointer Justification Count Performance Monitoring

Performance-Monitoring Parameter Definitions

Performance Monitoring for Electrical Cards

Performance Monitoring for Ethernet Cards

Performance Monitoring for Optical Cards

Performance Monitoring for Transponder and Muxponder Cards

Performance Monitoring for Storage Access Networking Cards

Performance Monitoring for DWDM Cards


Note For additional information regarding PM parameters, refer to Telcordia documents GR-1230-CORE, GR-820-CORE, GR-499-CORE, and GR-253-CORE and the ANSI T1.231 document entitled Digital Hierarchy - Layer 1 In-Service Digital Transmission Performance Monitoring.


4.1  Threshold Performance Monitoring

Thresholds are used to set error levels for each PM parameter. You can set individual PM threshold values from the Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) card view Provisioning tab. For procedures on provisioning card thresholds, such as line, path, and SONET thresholds, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Procedure Guide.

During the accumulation cycle, if the current value of a performance monitoring parameter reaches or exceeds its corresponding threshold value, a threshold crossing alert (TCA) is generated by the node and displayed by CTC. TCAs provide early detection of performance degradation. When a threshold is crossed, the node continues to count the errors during a given accumulation period. If zero is entered as the threshold value, generation of TCAs is disabled, but performance monitoring continues.


Note Due to limitation of memory and number of TCAs generates by different platforms, you can manually add/modify the following two (2) properties to their property file (CTC.INI for Windows and .ctcrc for Unix) to fit the need:
ctc.15xxx.node.tr.lowater=yyy (where xxx is platform and yyy is number of lowater mark. Default lowater mark is 25)
ctc.15xxx.node.tr.hiwater=yyy (where xxx is platform and yyy is number of hiwater mark. Default hiwater mark is 50)
If the number of incoming TCA is greater than the hiwater, it will keep the latest lowater and discard older ones.


Change the threshold if the default value does not satisfy your error monitoring needs. For example, customers with a critical DS-1 installed for 911 calls must guarantee the best quality of service on the line; therefore, they lower all thresholds so that the slightest error raises a TCA.

4.2  Intermediate Path Performance Monitoring

Intermediate path performance monitoring (IPPM) allows transparent monitoring of a constituent channel of an incoming transmission signal by a node that does not terminate that channel. Many large networks only use line terminating equipment (LTE), not path terminating equipment (PTE). Table 4-1 shows ONS 15454 cards that are considered LTE.

Table 4-1 ONS 15454 Line Terminating Equipment 

Electrical LTE

ONS 15454 EC1-12 card

ONS 15454 Optical LTE

OC3 IR 4/STM1 SH 1310

OC3 IR/STM1 SH 1310-8

OC12 IR/STM4 SH1310

OC12 LR/STM4 LH1310

OC12 LR/STM4 LH 1550

OC12 IR/STM4 SH 1310-4

OC48 IR 1310 1

OC48 LR 1550

OC48 IR/STM16 SH AS 1310 1

OC48 LR/STM16 LH AS 1550

OC48 ELR/STM16 EH 100 GHz

OC48 ELR 200 GHz

OC192 SR/STM64 IO 1310

OC192 IR/STM64 SH 1550

OC192 LR/STM64 LH 1550

OC192 LR/STM64 LH ITU 15xx.xx

TXP_MR_10G

MXP_2.5G_10G

MXP_MR_2.5G

MXPP_MR_2.5G

1 An OC-48 IR card used in a BLSR does not support IPPM during a protection switch.


ONS 15454 Software R3.0 and higher allow LTE cards to monitor near-end PM data on individual STS payloads by enabling IPPM. After enabling IPPM provisioning on the line card, service providers can monitor large amounts of STS traffic through intermediate nodes, thus making troubleshooting and maintenance activities more efficient.

IPPM occurs only on STS paths that have IPPM enabled, and TCAs are raised only for PM parameters on the IPPM enabled paths. The monitored IPPM parameters are STS CV-P, STS ES-P, STS SES-P, STS UAS-P, and STS FC-P.


Note Far-end IPPM is not supported by all OC-N cards. It is supported by OC3-4 and EC-1 cards. However, SONET path PMs can be monitored by logging into the far-end node directly.


The ONS 15454 performs IPPM by examining the overhead in the monitored path and by reading all of the near-end path PM values in the incoming direction of transmission. The IPPM process allows the path signal to pass bidirectionally through the node completely unaltered.

See Table 4-2 for detailed information and definitions of specific IPPM parameters.

4.3  Pointer Justification Count Performance Monitoring

Pointers are used to compensate for frequency and phase variations. Pointer justification counts indicate timing errors on SONET networks. When a network is out of synchronization, jitter and wander occur on the transported signal. Excessive wander can cause terminating equipment to slip.

Slips cause different effects in service. Voice service has intermittent audible clicks. Compressed voice technology has short transmission errors or dropped calls. Fax machines lose scanned lines or experience dropped calls. Digital video transmission has distorted pictures or frozen frames. Encryption service loses the encryption key, causing data to be transmitted again.

Pointers provide a way to align the phase variations in STS and VT payloads. The STS payload pointer is located in the H1 and H2 bytes of the line overhead. Clocking differences are measured by the offset in bytes from the pointer to the first byte of the STS synchronous payload envelope (SPE) called the J1 byte. Clocking differences that exceed the normal range of 0 to 782 can cause data loss.

There are positive (PPJC) and negative (NPJC) pointer justification count parameters. PPJC is a count of path-detected (PPJC-PDET-P) or path-generated (PPJC-PGEN-P) positive pointer justifications. NPJC is a count of path-detected (NPJC-PDET-P) or path-generated (NPJC-PGEN-P) negative pointer justifications depending on the specific PM name. PJCDIFF is the absolute value of the difference between the total number of detected pointer justification counts and the total number of generated pointer justification counts. PJCS-PDET-P is a count of the one-second intervals containing one or more PPJC-PDET or NPJC-PDET. PJCS-PGEN-P is a count of the one-second intervals containing one or more PPJC-PGEN or NPJC-PGEN.

A consistent pointer justification count indicates clock synchronization problems between nodes. A difference between the counts means the node transmitting the original pointer justification has timing variations with the node detecting and transmitting this count. Positive pointer adjustments occur when the frame rate of the SPE is too slow in relation to the rate of the STS-1.

You must enable PPJC and NPJC performance monitoring parameters for LTE cards. See Table 4-1 for a list of Cisco ONS 15454 LTE cards. In CTC, the count fields for PPJC and NPJC PMs appear white and blank unless they are enabled on the card view Provisioning tab.

See Table 4-2 for detailed information and definitions of specific pointer justification count PM parameters.

4.4  Performance-Monitoring Parameter Definitions

Table 4-2 gives definitions for each type of performance-monitoring parameter found in this chapter.

Table 4-2 Performance-Monitoring Parameters 

Parameter
Definition

AISS-P

AIS Seconds Path (AISS-P) is a count of one-second intervals containing one or more alarm indication signal (AIS) defects.

BBE-PM

Path Monitoring Background Block Errors (BBE-PM) indicates the number of background block errors recorded in the optical transport network (OTN) path during the PM time interval.

BBE-SM

Section Monitoring Background Block Errors (BBE-SM) indicates the number of background block errors recorded in the OTN section during the PM time interval.

BBER-PM

Path Monitoring Background Block Errors Ratio (BBER-PM) indicates the background block errors ratio recorded in the OTN path during the PM time interval.

BBER-SM

Section Monitoring Background Block Errors Ratio (BBER-SM) indicates the background block errors ratio recorded in the OTN section during the PM time interval.

BIEC

Bit Errors Corrected (BIEC) indicated the number of bit errors corrected in the DWDM trunk line during the PM time interval.

CSS

Controlled Slip Seconds (CSS) indicates the count of the seconds when at least one or more controlled slips have occurred.

CSS-P

Controlled Slip Seconds Path (CSS-P) indicates the count of the seconds when at least one or more controlled slips have occurred.

CVCP-P

Code Violation CP-bit Path (CVCP-P) is a count of CP-bit parity errors occurring in the accumulation period.

CVCP-PFE

Code Violation CP-bit Path (CVCP-PFE) is a parameter that is counted when the three far-end block error (FEBE) bits in an M-frame are not all collectively set to 1.

CGV

Code Group Violations (CGV) is a count of received code groups that do not contain a start or end delimiter.

CV-L

Line Code Violation (CV-L) indicates the number of coding violations occurring on the line. This parameter is a count of bipolar violations (BPVs) and excessive zeros (EXZs) occurring over the accumulation period.

CV-P

Near-End STS Path Coding Violations (CV-P) is a count of BIP errors detected at the STS path layer (that is, using the B3 byte). Up to eight BIP errors can be detected per frame; each error increments the current CV-P second register.

CV-PFE

Far-End STS Path Coding Violations (CV-PFE) is a count of BIP errors detected at the STS path layer (that is, using the B3 byte). Up to eight BIP errors can be detected per frame; each error increments the current CV-PFE second register.

CVP-P

Code Violation Path (CVP-P) is a code violation parameter for M23 applications. CVP-P is a count of P-bit parity errors occurring in the accumulation period.

CV-S

Section Coding Violation (CV-S) is a count of bit interleaved parity (BIP) errors detected at the section-layer (that is, using the B1 byte in the incoming SONET signal). Up to eight section BIP errors can be detected per STS-N frame; each error increments the current CV-S second register.

CV-V

Code Violation VT Layer (CV-V) is a count of the BIP errors detected at the VT path layer. Up to two BIP errors can be detected per VT superframe, with each error incrementing the current CV-V second register.

DCG

Data Code Groups (DCG) is a count of received data code groups that do not contain ordered sets.

ESA-P

Path Errored Seconds-A (ESA-P) is the count of 1-second intervals with exactly one CRC-6 error and no alarm indication signal (AIS) or SEF defects.

ESB-P

Path Errored Seconds-B (Rx ESB-P) is a count of 1-second intervals with between 2 and 319 CRC-6 errors and no AIS or SEF.

ESCP-P

Errored Seconds CP-bit Path (ESCP-P) is a count of seconds containing one or more CP-bit parity errors, one or more SEF defects, or one or more AIS defects. ESCP-P is defined for the C-bit parity application.

ESCP-PFE

Far-End Errored Seconds CP-bit Path (ESCP-PFE) is a count of one-second intervals containing one or more M-frames with the three FEBE bits not all collectively set to 1 or one or more far-end SEF/AIS defects.

ES-L

Line Errored Seconds (ES-L) is a count of the seconds containing one or more anomalies (BPV + EXZ) and/or defects (that is, loss of signal) on the line.

ES-P

Near-End STS Path Errored Seconds (ES-P) is a count of the seconds when at least one STS path BIP error was detected. An AIS Path (AIS-P) defect (or a lower-layer, traffic-related, near-end defect) or a Loss of Pointer Path (LOP-P) defect can also cause an ES-P.

ES-PFE

Far-End STS Path Errored Seconds (ES-PFE) is a count of the seconds when at least one STS path BIP error was detected. An AIS-P defect (or a lower-layer, traffic-related, far-end defect) or an LOP-P defect can also cause an STS ES-PFE.

ES-PM

Path Monitoring Errored Seconds (ES-PM) indicates the errored seconds recorded in the OTN path during the PM time interval.

ESP-P

Errored Seconds Path (ESP-P) is a count of seconds containing one or more P-bit parity errors, one or more SEF defects, or one or more AIS defects.

ESR-PM

Path Monitoring Errored Seconds Ratio (ESR-PM) indicates the errored seconds ratio recorded in the OTN path during the PM time interval.

ESR-SM

Section Monitoring Errored Seconds Ratio (ESR-SM) indicates the errored seconds ratio recorded in the OTN section during the PM time interval.

ES-S

Section Errored Seconds (ES-S) is a count of the number of seconds when at least one section-layer BIP error was detected or an SEF or loss of signal (LOS) defect was present.

ES-SM

Section Monitoring Errored Seconds (ES-SM) indicates the errored seconds recorded in the OTN section during the PM time interval.

ES-V

Errored Seconds VT Layer (ES-V) is a count of the seconds when at least one VT Path BIP error was detected. An AIS Virtual Tributary (VT) (AIS-V) defect (or a lower-layer, traffic-related, near-end defect) or an LOP VT (LOP-V) defect can also cause an ES-V.

FC-L

Line Failure Count (FC-L) is a count of the number of near-end line failure events. A failure event begins when an AIS Line (AIS-L) failure is declared or when a lower-layer, traffic-related, near-end failure is declared. This failure event ends when the failure is cleared. A failure event that begins in one period and ends in another period is counted only in the period where it begins.

FC-P

Near-End STS Path Failure Counts (FC-P) is a count of the number of near-end STS path failure events. A failure event begins when an AIS-P failure, an LOP-P failure, a UNEQ-P failure, or a Section Trace Identifier Mismatch Path (TIM-P) failure is declared. A failure event also begins if the STS PTE that is monitoring the path supports Three-Bit (Enhanced) Remote Failure Indication Path Connectivity (ERFI-P-CONN) for that path. The failure event ends when these failures are cleared.

FC-PFE

Far-End STS Path Failure Counts (FC-PFE) is a count of the number of near-end STS path failure events. A failure event begins when an AIS-P failure, an LOP-P failure, a UNEQ-P failure, or a TIM-P failure is declared. A failure event also begins if the STS PTE that is monitoring the path supports ERFI-P-CONN for that path. The failure event ends when these failures are cleared.

FC-PM

Path Monitoring Failure Counts (FC-PM) indicates the failure counts recorded in the OTN path during the PM time interval.

FC-SM

Section Monitoring Failure Counts (FC-SM) indicates the failure counts recorded in the OTN section during the PM time interval.

IOS

Idle Ordered Sets (IOS) is a count of received packets containing idle ordered sets.

IPC

Invalid Packets (IPC) is the count of received packets that contain errored data code groups that have start and end delimiters.

LBCL-MIN

Laser Bias Current Line—Minimum (LBCL-MIN) is the minimum percentage of laser bias current.

LBCL-AVG

Laser Bias Current Line—Average (LBCL-AVG) is the average percentage of laser bias current.

LBCL-MAX

Laser Bias Current Line—Maximum (LBCL-MAX) is the maximum percentage of laser bias current.

LOFC

Loss of Frame Count (LOFC)

LOSS-L

Line Loss of Signal (LOSS-L) is a count of one-second intervals containing one or more LOS defects.

NIOS

Non-Idle Ordered Sets (NIOS) is a count of received packets containing non-idle ordered sets.

NPJC-PDET-P

Negative Pointer Justification Count, STS Path Detected (NPJC-PDET-P) is a count of the negative pointer justifications detected on a particular path in an incoming SONET signal.

NPJC-PGEN-P

Negative Pointer Justification Count, STS Path Generated (NPJC-PGEN-P) is a count of the negative pointer justifications generated for a particular path to reconcile the frequency of the SPE with the local clock.

OPR

Optical Power Received (OPR) is the measure of average optical power received as a percentage of the nominal OPR.

OPR-AVG

Average Receive Optical power (dBm)

OPR-MAX

Maximum Receive Optical Power (dBm)

OPR-MIN

Minimum Receive Optical Power (dBm)

OPT

Optical Power Transmitted (OPT) is the measure of average optical power transmitted as a percentage of the nominal OPT.

OPT-AVG

Average Transmit Optical Power (dBm)

OPT-MAX

Maximum Transmit Optical Power (dBm)

OPT-MIN

Minimum Transmit Optical Power (dBm)

OPWR-AVG

Optical Power - Average (OPWR-AVG) is the measure of average optical power on the unidirectional port.

OPWR-MAX

Optical Power - Maximum (OPWR-MAX) is the measure of maximum value of optical power on the unidirectional port.

OPWR-MIN

Optical Power - Minimum (OPWR-MIN) is the measure of minimum value of optical power on the unidirectional port.

PJCDIFF-P

Pointer Justification Count Difference, STS Path (PJCDIFF-P) is the absolute value of the difference between the total number of detected pointer justification counts and the total number of generated pointer justification counts. That is, PJCDiff-P is equal to (PPJC-PGEN-P - NPJC-PGEN-P) - (PPJC-PDET-P - NPJC-PDET-P).

PJNEG

Pointer Justification Negative (PJNEG)

PJPOS

Pointer Justification Positive (PJPOS)

PPJC-PDET-P

Positive Pointer Justification Count, STS Path Detected (PPJC-PDET-P) is a count of the positive pointer justifications detected on a particular path in an incoming SONET signal.

PPJC-PGEN-P

Positive Pointer Justification Count, STS Path Generated (PPJC-PGEN-P) is a count of the positive pointer justifications generated for a particular path to reconcile the frequency of the SPE with the local clock.

PJCS-PDET-P

Pointer Justification Count Seconds, STS Path Detect (NPJCS-PDET-P) is a count of the one-second intervals containing one or more PPJC-PDET or NPJC-PDET.

PJCS-PGEN-P

Pointer Justification Count Seconds, STS Path Generate (PJCS-PGEN-P) is a count of the one-second intervals containing one or more PPJC-PGEN or NPJC-PGEN.

PSC

In a 1 + 1 protection scheme for a working card, Protection Switching Count (PSC) is a count of the number of times service switches from a working card to a protection card plus the number of times service switches back to the working card. For a protection card, PSC is a count of the number of times service switches to a working card from a protection card plus the number of times service switches back to the protection card. The PSC PM is only applicable if revertive line-level protection switching is used.

PSC-R

In a four-fiber bidirectional line switched ring (BLSR), Protection Switching Count-Ring (PSC-R) is a count of the number of times service switches from a working line to a protection line plus the number of times it switches back to a working line. A count is only incremented if ring switching is used.

PSC-S

In a four-fiber BLSR, Protection Switching Count-Span (PSC-S) is a count of the number of times service switches from a working line to a protection line plus the number of times it switches back to the working line. A count is only incremented if span switching is used.

PSC-W

For a working line in a two-fiber BLSR, Protection Switching Count-Working (PSC-W) is a count of the number of times traffic switches away from the working capacity in the failed line and back to the working capacity after the failure is cleared. PSC-W increments on the failed working line and PSC increments on the active protect line.

For a working line in a four-fiber BLSR, PSC-W is a count of the number of times service switches from a working line to a protection line plus the number of times it switches back to the working line. PSC-W increments on the failed line and PSC-R or PSC-S increments on the active protect line.

PSD

Protection Switching Duration (PSD) applies to the length of time, in seconds, that service is carried on another line. For a working line, PSD is a count of the number of seconds that service was carried on the protection line.

For the protection line, PSD is a count of the seconds that the line was used to carry service. The PSD PM is only applicable if revertive line-level protection switching is used.

PSD-R

In a four-fiber BLSR, Protection Switching Duration-Ring (PSD-R) is a count of the seconds that the protection line was used to carry service. A count is only incremented if ring switching is used.

PSD-S

In a four-fiber BLSR, Protection Switching Duration-Span (PSD-S) is a count of the seconds that the protection line was used to carry service. A count is only incremented if span switching is used.

SASCP-P

SEF/AIS Seconds CP-bit Path (SASCP-P) is a count of one-second intervals containing one or more SEFs or one or more AIS defects on the path.

SASP

SEF/AIS Seconds (SASP) is a count of one-second intervals containing one or more SEFs or one or more AIS defects on the path.

SASP-P

SEF/AIS Seconds Path (SASP-P) is a count of one-second intervals containing one or more SEFs or one or more AIS defects on the path.

SESCP-P

Severely Errored Seconds CP-bit Path (SESCP-P) is a count of seconds containing more than 44 CP-bit parity errors, one or more SEF defects, or one or more AIS defects.

SEF-S

Severely Errored Framing Seconds (SEFS-S) is a count of the seconds when an SEF defect was present. An SEF defect is expected to be present during most seconds when an LOS or loss of frame (LOF) defect is present. However, there can be situations when the SEFS-S parameter is only incremented based on the presence of the SEF defect.

SESCP-P

Severely Errored Seconds CP-bit Path (SESCP-P) is a count of seconds containing more than 44 CP-bit parity errors, one or more SEF defects, or one or more AIS defects.

SESCP-PFE

Severely Errored Seconds CP-bit Path (SESCP-PFE) is a count of one-second intervals containing one or more far-end SEF/AIS defects, or one or more 44 M-frames with the three FEBE bits not all collectively set to 1.

SES-L

Line Severely Errored Seconds (SES-L) is a count of the seconds containing more than a particular quantity of anomalies (BPV + EXZ > 44) and/or defects on the line.

SES-P

Near-End STS Path Severely Errored Seconds (SES-P) is a count of the seconds when K (2400) or more STS path BIP errors were detected. An AIS-P defect (or a lower-layer, traffic-related, near-end defect) or an LOP-P defect can also cause an SES-P.

SES-PFE

Far-End STS Path Severely Errored Seconds (SES-PFE) is a count of the seconds when K (2400) or more STS path BIP errors were detected. An AIS-P defect (or a lower-layer, traffic-related, far-end defect) or an LOP-P defect can also cause an SES-PFE.

SES-PM

Path Monitoring Severely Errored Seconds (SES-PM) indicates the severely errored seconds recorded in the OTN path during the PM time interval.

SESP-P

Severely Errored Seconds Path (SESP-P) is a count of seconds containing more than 44 P-bit parity violations, one or more SEF defects, or one or more AIS defects.

SES-S

Section Severely Errored Seconds (SES-S) is a count of the seconds when K (see Telcordia GR-253 for value) or more section-layer BIP errors were detected or an SEF or LOS defect was present.

SES-SM

Section Monitoring Severely Errored Seconds (SES-SM) indicates the severely errored seconds recorded in the OTN section during the PM time interval.

SESR-PM

Path Monitoring Severely Errored Seconds Ratio (SESR-PM) indicates the severely errored seconds ratio recorded in the OTN path during the PM time interval.

SESR-SM

Section Monitoring Severely Errored Seconds Ratio (SESR-SM) indicates the severely errored seconds ratio recorded in the OTN section during the PM time interval.

SES-V

Severely Errored Seconds VT Layer (SES-V) is a count of seconds when K (600) or more VT Path BIP errors were detected. An AIS-V defect (or a lower-layer, traffic-related, near-end defect) or an LOP-V defect can also cause SES-V.

UAS-L

Line Unavailable Seconds (UAS-L) is a count of the seconds when the line is unavailable. A line becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Ls, and it continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Ls.

UASCP-P

Unavailable Seconds CP-bit Path (UASCP-P) is a count of one-second intervals when the DS-3 path is unavailable. A DS-3 path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive SESCP-Ps occur. The ten SESCP-Ps are included in unavailable time. After the DS-3 path becomes unavailable, it becomes available again when ten consecutive seconds with no SESCP-Ps occur. The ten seconds with no SESCP-Ps are excluded from unavailable time.

UASCP-PFE

Unavailable Seconds CP-bit Path (UASCP-PFE) is a count of one-second intervals when the DS-3 path becomes unavailable. A DS-3 path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive far-end CP-bit SESs occur. The ten CP-bit SESs are included in unavailable time. After the DS-3 path becomes unavailable, it becomes available again when ten consecutive seconds occur with no CP-bit SESs. The ten seconds with no CP-bit SESs are excluded from unavailable time.

UAS-P

Near-End STS Path Unavailable Seconds (UAS-P) is a count of the seconds when the STS path was unavailable. An STS path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Ps, and continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Ps.

UAS-PFE

Far-End STS Path Unavailable Seconds (UAS-PFE) is a count of the seconds when the STS path was unavailable. An STS path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-PFEs, and continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-PFEs.

UAS-PM

Path Monitoring Unavailable Seconds (UAS-PM) indicates the unavailable seconds recorded in the OTN path during the PM time interval.

UASP-P

Unavailable Seconds Path (UASP-P) is a count of one-second intervals when the DS-3 path is unavailable. A DS-3 path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive SESP-Ps occur. The ten SESP-Ps are included in unavailable time. After the DS-3 path becomes unavailable, it becomes available again when ten consecutive seconds with no SESP-Ps occur. The ten seconds with no SESP-Ps are excluded from unavailable time.

UAS-SM

Section Monitoring Unavailable Seconds (UAS-SM) indicates the unavailable seconds recorded in the OTN section during the PM time interval.

UAS-V

Unavailable Seconds VT Layer (UAS-V) is a count of the seconds when the VT path was unavailable. A VT path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Vs, and it continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Vs.

UNC-WORDS

Uncorrectable Words (UNC-WORDS) is the number of uncorrectable words detected in the DWDM trunk line during the PM time interval.

VPC

Valid Packets (VPC) is a count of received packets that contain non-errored data code groups that have start and end delimiters.


4.5  Performance Monitoring for Electrical Cards

The following sections define performance monitoring parameters for the EC1-12, DS1-14, DS1N-14, DS3-12, DS3-12E, DS3N-12, DS3N-12E, DS3i-N-12, DS3XM-6, DS3XM-12, and DS3/EC1-48 cards.

4.5.1  EC1-12 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-1 shows signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs. Figure 4-2 shows where overhead bytes detected on the application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) produce performance monitoring parameters for the EC1-12 card.

Figure 4-1 Monitored Signal Types for the EC1-12 Card


Note The XX in Figure 4-1 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-3 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-2 PM Read Points on the EC1-12 Card

Table 4-3 lists the PM parameters for the EC1-12 cards.

Table 4-3 EC1-12 Card PMs 

Section (NE)
Line (NE)
STS Path (NE)
Line (FE)
STS Path (FE)

CV-S
ES-S
SES-S
SEF-S

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
UAS-L
FC-L

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P
PPJC-PDET-P
NPJC-PDET-P
PPJC-PGEN-P
NPJC-PGEN-P
PJCS-PDET-P
PJCS-PGEN-P
PJC-DIFF-P

CV-LFE
ES-LFE
SES-LFE
UAS-LFE
FC-LFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE


4.5.2  DS1-14 and DS1N-14 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-3 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs.

Figure 4-3 Monitored Signal Types for the DS1-14 and DS1N-14 Cards


Note The XX in Figure 4-3 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-4 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-4 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the DS1-14 and DS1N-14 cards.

Figure 4-4 PM Read Points on the DS1-14 and DS1N-14 Cards

Table 4-4 describes the PM parameters for the DS1-14 and DS1N-14 cards.

Table 4-4 DS1-14 and DS1N-14 Card PMs 

Line (NE)
Line (FE)
Rx Path (NE)
Tx Path (NE)
VT Path (NE)
STS Path (NE)
Rx Path (FE)
VT Path (FE)
STS Path (FE)

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
LOSS-L

CV-L
ES-L

AISS-P
CV-P
ES-P
SAS-P
SES-P
UAS-P
CSS-P
ESA-P
ESB-P
SEFS-P

AISS-P
CV-P
ES-P
SAS-P
SES-P
UAS-P

CV-V
ES-V
SES-V
UAS-V

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P

ES-PFE
ESA-PFE
ES-B-PFE
CV-PFE
CSS-PFE
SEFS-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE

CV-VFE
ES-VFE
SES-VFE
UAS-VFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE



Note Far-end DS1 performance monitoring values are valid only when the DS1 line is set to extended super frame (ESF).


4.5.2.1  DS-1 Facility Data Link Performance Monitoring

Facility Data Link (FDL) performance monitoring enables an ONS 15454 DS1N-14 card to calculate and report DS-1 error rate performance measured at both the near-end and far-end of the FDL. The far-end information is reported as received on the FDL in a performance report message (PRM) from an intelligent channel service unit (CSU).

To monitor DS-1 FDL PM values, the DS-1 must be set to use extended superframe (ESF) format and the FDL must be connected to an intelligent CSU. For procedures on provisioning ESF on the DS1N-14 card, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Procedure Guide.

The monitored DS-1 FDL PM parameters are CV-PFE, ES-PFE, ESA-PFE, ESB-PFE, SES-PFE, SEFS-PFE, CSS-PFE, UAS-PFE, FC-PFE, and ES-LFE. See Table 4-2 for detailed information and definitions of specific FDL DS1 PM parameters.

4.5.3  DS3-12 and DS3N-12 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-5 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs. Figure 4-6 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the DS3-12 and DS3N-12 cards.

Figure 4-5 Monitored Signal Types for the DS3-12 and DS3N-12 Cards


Note The XX in Figure 4-5 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-5 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-6 PM Read Points on the DS3-12 and DS3N-12 Cards

The PM parameters for the DS3-12 and DS3N-12 cards are described in Table 4-5.

Table 4-5 DS3-12 and DS3N-12 Card PMs 

Line (NE)
STS Path (NE)
STS Path (FE)

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
LOSS-L

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE


4.5.4  DS3-12E and DS3N-12E Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-7 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs.

Figure 4-7 Monitored Signal Types for the DS3-12E and DS3N-12E Cards


Note The XX in Figure 4-7 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-6 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-8 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the DS3-12E and DS3N-12E cards.

Figure 4-8 PM Read Points on the DS3-12E and DS3N-12E Cards

Table 4-6 describes the PM parameters for the DS3-12E and DS3N-12E cards.

Table 4-6 DS3-12E and DS3N-12E Card PMs 

Line (NE)
Path (NE)
STS Path (NE)
Path (FE) 1
STS Path (FE)

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
LOSS-L

AISS-P
CV-P
ES-P
SAS-P2
SES-P
UAS-P
CVCP-P
ESCP-P
SASCP-P
SESCP-P
UASCP-P

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P

CVCP-PFE
ESCP-PFE
SASCP-P
SESCP-PFE
UASCP-PFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE

1 The C-bit PMs (PMs that end in "CP-P") are applicable only if line format is C-bit.

2 DS3(N)-12E cards support SASP only on the receive (Rx) path.


4.5.5  DS3i-N-12 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-9 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs.

Figure 4-9 Monitored Signal Types for the DS3i-N-12 Cards


Note The XX in Figure 4-9 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-7 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-10 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the DS3i-N-12 cards.

Figure 4-10 PM Read Points on the DS3i-N-12 Cards

Table 4-7 describes the PM parameters for the DS3i-N-12 card.

Table 4-7 DS3i-N-12 Card PMs 

Line (NE)
Path (NE)
STS Path (NE)
Path (FE) 1
STS Path (FE)

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
LOSS-L

AISSP-P
CVP-P
ESP-P
SASP-P2
SESP-P
UASP-P
CVCP-P
ESCP-P
SASCP-P
SESCP-P
UASCP-P

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P

CVCP-PFE
ESCP-PFE
SASCP-PFE
SESCP-PFE
UASCP-PFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE

1 The C-Bit PMs (PMs that end in "CPP") are applicable only if line format is C-Bit.

2 DS3i-N-12 cards support SASP only on the Rx path.


4.5.6  DS3XM-6 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-11 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs.

Figure 4-11 Monitored Signal Types for the DS3XM-6 Card


Note The XX in Figure 4-11 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-8 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-12 shows where the overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the DS3XM-6 card.

Figure 4-12 PM Read Points on the DS3XM-6 Card

Table 4-8 lists the PM parameters for the DS3XM-6 cards.

Table 4-8 DS3XM-6 Card PMs 

DS3 Line (NE)
DS3 Path (NE) 1
DS1 Path (NE)
VT Path (NE)
STS Path (NE)
DS3 Path (FE) 1
VT Path (FE)
STS Path (FE)

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
LOSS-L

AISS-P
CVP-P
ESP-P
SASP-P2
SESP-P
UASP-P
ESCP-P
SASCP-P
SESCP-P
UASCP-P
CVCP-P

AISS-P
ES-P
SAS-P2
SES-P
UAS-P

CV-V
ES-V
SES-V
UAS-V

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P

CVCP-PFE
ESCP-PFE
SASCP-PFE
SESCP-PFE
UASCP-PFE

CV-VFE
ES-VFE
SES-VFE
UAS-VFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE

1 The C-Bit PMs (PMs that end in "CPP") are applicable only if line format is C-Bit.

2 DS3XM-6 cards support SASP only on the Rx path.


4.5.7  DS3XM-12 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-13 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs.

Figure 4-13 Monitored Signal Types for the DS3XM-12 Card


Note The XX in Figure 4-13 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-9 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-14 shows where the overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the DS3XM-12 card.

Figure 4-14 PM Read Points on the DS3XM-12 Card

Table 4-9 lists the PM parameters for the DS3XM-12 cards.

Table 4-9 DS3XM-12 Card PMs 

DS3 Line (NE)
DS3 Path (NE) 1
DS1 Path (NE)
VT Path (NE)
STS Path (NE)
DS3 Path (FE) 1
VT Path (FE)
STS Path (FE)
BFDL (FE)

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
LOSS-L

AISS-P
CV-P
ES-P
SAS-P2
SES-P
UAS-P
ESCP-P
SESCP-P
UASCP-P
CVCP-P

AISS-P
CV-P
ES-P
FC-P
SAS-P2
SES-P
UAS-P
CSS-P
ESA-P
ESB-P
SEFS-P

CV-V
ES-V
SES-V
UAS-V

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P

CVCP-PFE
ESCP-PFE
SASCP-PFE
SESCP-PFE
UASCP-PFE

CV-VFE
ES-VFE
SES-VFE
UAS-VFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE

CSS
ES
SES
BES
UAS
LOFC

1 The C-Bit PMs (PMs that end in "CPP") are applicable only if line format is C-Bit.

2 DS3XM-12 cards support SASP only on the Rx path.


4.5.8  DS3/EC1-48 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-15 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs.

Figure 4-15 Monitored Signal Types for the DS3/ EC1-48 Card


Note The XX in Figure 4-15 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-10 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-16 shows where the overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the DS3-EC1-48 card.

Figure 4-16 PM Read Points on the DS3/EC1-48 Card

Table 4-10 lists the PM parameters for the DS3/EC1-48 cards.

Table 4-10 DS3/EC1-48 Card PMs 

DS3 Line (NE)
DS3 Path (NE) 1
STS Path (NE)
DS3 Path (FE) 1
STS Path (FE)

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
LOSS-L

AISS-P
CVP-P
ESP-P
SASP-P2
SESP-P
UASP-P
ESCP-P
SASCP-P
SESCP-P
UASCP-P
CVCP-P

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P

CVCP-PFE
ESCP-PFE
SASCP-PFE
SESCP-PFE
UASCP-PFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE

1 The C-Bit PMs (PMs that end in "CPP") are applicable only if line format is C-Bit.

2 DS3/EC1-48 cards support SASP only on the Rx path.


4.6  Performance Monitoring for Ethernet Cards

The following sections define performance monitoring parameters and definitions for the ONS 15454 E-Series, G-Series, and ML-Series Ethernet cards.

4.6.1  E-Series Ethernet Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

CTC provides Ethernet performance information, including line-level parameters, port bandwidth consumption, and historical Ethernet statistics. The E-Series Ethernet performance information is divided into the Statistics, Utilization, and History tabbed windows within the card view Performance tab window.

4.6.1.1  E-Series Ethernet Statistics Window

The Ethernet Statistics window lists Ethernet parameters at the line level. The Statistics window provides buttons to change the statistical values shown. The Baseline button resets the displayed statistics values to zero. The Refresh button manually refreshes statistics. Auto-Refresh sets a time interval at which automatic refresh occurs.

Table 4-11 defines the E-Series Ethernet card statistics parameters.

Table 4-11 E-Series Ethernet Statistics Parameters 

Parameter
Definition

Link Status

Indicates whether link integrity is present; up means present, and down means not present.

Rx Packets

Number of packets received since the last counter reset.

Rx Bytes

Number of bytes received since the last counter reset.

Tx Packets

Number of packets transmitted since the last counter reset.

Tx Bytes

Number of bytes transmitted since the last counter reset.

Rx Total Errors

Total number of receive errors.

Rx FCS

Number of packets with a frame check sequence (FCS) error. FCS errors indicate frame corruption during transmission.

Rx Alignment

Number of packets with alignment errors; alignment errors are received incomplete frames.

Rx Runts

Measures undersized packets with bad cyclic redundancy check (CRC) errors.

Rx Shorts

Measures undersized packets with good CRC errors.

Rx Oversized + Jabbers

Measures oversized packets and jabbers. Size is greater than 1522 errors regardless of CRC errors.

Tx Collisions

Number of transmit packets that are collisions; the port and the attached device transmitting at the same time causes collisions.

Tx Late Collisions

Number of frames that were not transmitted since they encountered a collision outside of the normal collision window (late collision events should occur only rarely).

Tx Excessive Collisions

Number of transmissions that are consecutive collisions.

Tx Deferred

Number of transmitted packets deferred.


4.6.1.2  E-Series Ethernet Utilization Window

The Utilization window shows the percentage of transmit (Tx) and receive (Rx) line bandwidth used by the Ethernet ports during consecutive time segments. The Mode field displays the real-time mode status, such as 100 Full, which is the mode setting configured on the E-Series port. However, if the E-Series port is set to autonegotiate the mode (Auto), this field shows the result of the link negotiation between the E-Series and the peer Ethernet device attached directly to the E-Series port.

The Utilization window provides an Interval menu that enables you to set time intervals of 1 minute, 15 minutes, 1 hour, and 1 day. Line utilization is calculated with the following formulas:

Rx = (inOctets + inPkts * 20) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

Tx = (outOctets + outPkts * 20) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

The interval is defined in seconds. The maxBaseRate is defined by raw bits per second in one direction for the Ethernet port (that is, 1 Gbps). The maxBaseRate for E-Series Ethernet cards is shown in Table 4-12.

Table 4-12 maxBaseRate for STS Circuits 

STS
maxBaseRate

STS-1

51840000

STS-3c

155000000

STS-6c

311000000

STS-12c

622000000



Note Line utilization numbers express the average of ingress and egress traffic as a percentage of capacity.



Note The E-Series Ethernet card is a Layer 2 device or switch and supports Trunk Utilization statistics. The Trunk Utilization statistics are similar to the Line Utilization statistics, but shows the percentage of circuit bandwidth used rather than the percentage of line bandwidth used. The Trunk Utilization statistics are accessed via the card view Maintenance tab.


4.6.1.3  E-Series Ethernet History Window

The Ethernet History window lists past Ethernet statistics for the previous time intervals. Depending on the selected time interval, the History window displays the statistics for each port for the number of previous time intervals as shown in Table 4-13. The parameters are defined in Table 4-11.

Table 4-13 Ethernet History Statistics per Time Interval

Time Interval
Number of Intervals Displayed

1 minute

60 previous time intervals

15 minutes

32 previous time intervals

1 hour

24 previous time intervals

1 day (24 hours)

7 previous time intervals


4.6.2  G-Series Ethernet Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

CTC provides Ethernet performance information, including line-level parameters, port bandwidth consumption, and historical Ethernet statistics. The G-Series Ethernet performance information is divided into the Statistics, Utilization, and History tabbed windows within the card view Performance tab window.

4.6.2.1  G-Series Ethernet Statistics Window

The Ethernet Statistics window lists Ethernet parameters at the line level. The Statistics window provides buttons to change the statistical values shown. The Baseline button resets the displayed statistics values to zero. The Refresh button manually refreshes statistics. Auto-Refresh sets a time interval at which automatic refresh occurs. The G-Series Statistics window also has a Clear button. The Clear button sets the values on the card to zero, but does not reset the G-Series card.

Table 4-14 defines the G-Series Ethernet card statistics parameters.

Table 4-14 G-Series Ethernet Statistics Parameters 

Parameter
Definition

Time Last Cleared

A time stamp indicating the last time statistics were reset.

Link Status

Indicates whether the Ethernet link is receiving a valid Ethernet signal (carrier) from the attached Ethernet device; up means present, and down means not present.

Rx Packets

Number of packets received since the last counter reset.

Rx Bytes

Number of bytes received since the last counter reset.

Tx Packets

Number of packets transmitted since the last counter reset.

Tx Bytes

Number of bytes transmitted since the last counter reset.

Rx Total Errors

Total number of receive errors.

Rx FCS

Number of packets with a FCS error. FCS errors indicate frame corruption during transmission.

Rx Alignment

Number of packets with received incomplete frames.

Rx Runts

Measures undersized packets with bad CRC errors.

Rx Shorts

Measures undersized packets with good CRC errors.

Rx Jabbers

The total number of frames received that exceed the 1548-byte maximum and contain CRC errors.

Rx Giants

Number of packets received that are greater than 1530 bytes in length.

Rx Pause Frames

Number of received Ethernet IEEE 802.3z pause frames.

Tx Pause Frames

Number of transmitted IEEE 802.3z pause frames.

Rx Pkts Dropped Internal Congestion

Number of received packets dropped due to overflow in G-Series frame buffer.

Tx Pkts Dropped Internal Congestion

Number of transmit queue drops due to drops in the G-Series frame buffer.

HDLC Errors

High-level data link control (HDLC) errors received from SONET/SDH (see Note).

Rx Unicast Packets

Number of unicast packets received since the last counter reset.

Tx Unicast Packets

Number of unicast packets transmitted.

Rx Multicast Packets

Number of multicast packets received since the last counter reset.

Tx Multicast Packets

Number of multicast packets transmitted.

Rx Broadcast Packets

Number of broadcast packets received since the last counter reset.

Tx Broadcast Packets

Number or broadcast packets transmitted.



Note Do not use the HDLC errors counter to count the number of frames dropped because of HDLC errors, because each frame can fragment into several smaller frames during HDLC error conditions and spurious HDLC frames can be generated. If HDLC error counters are incrementing when no SONET path problems should be present, it might indicate a problem with the quality of the SONET path. For example, a SONET protection switch generates a set of HDLC errors. However, the actual values of these counters are less significant than the fact that they are changing.


4.6.2.2  G-Series Ethernet Utilization Window

The Utilization window shows the percentage of Tx and Rx line bandwidth used by the Ethernet ports during consecutive time segments. The Mode field displays the real-time mode status, such as 100 Full, which is the mode setting configured on the G-Series port. However, if the G-Series port is set to autonegotiate the mode (Auto), this field shows the result of the link negotiation between the G-Series and the peer Ethernet device attached directly to the G-Series port.

The Utilization window provides an Interval menu that enables you to set time intervals of 1 minute, 15 minutes, 1 hour, and 1 day. Line utilization is calculated with the following formulas:

Rx = (inOctets + inPkts * 20) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

Tx = (outOctets + outPkts * 20) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

The interval is defined in seconds. The maxBaseRate is defined by raw bits per second in one direction for the Ethernet port (that is, 1 Gbps). The maxBaseRate for G-Series Ethernet cards is shown in Table 4-12.


Note Line utilization numbers express the average of ingress and egress traffic as a percentage of capacity.



Note Unlike the E-Series, the G-Series card does not have a display of Trunk Utilization statistics, because the G-Series card is not a Layer 2 device or switch.


4.6.2.3  G-Series Ethernet History Window

The Ethernet History window lists past Ethernet statistics for the previous time intervals. Depending on the selected time interval, the History window displays the statistics for each port for the number of previous time intervals as shown in Table 4-13. The listed parameters are defined in Table 4-14.

4.6.3  ML-Series Ethernet Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

CTC provides Ethernet performance information for line-level parameters and historical Ethernet statistics. The ML-Series Ethernet performance information is divided into the Ether Ports and Packet-over-SONET (POS) Ports tabbed windows within the card view Performance tab window.

4.6.3.1  ML-Series Ether Ports Window

Table 4-15 defines the ML-Series Ethernet card Ether Ports PM parameters.

Table 4-15 ML-Series Ether Ports PM Parameters 

Parameters
Definition
RFC
MIB

Rx Bytes

ifInOctets

Number of bytes received since the last counter reset.

Rx Packets

rxTotalPkts

Number of packets received since the last counter reset.

Rx Unicast Packets

ifInUcastPkts

Number of unicast packets received since the last counter reset.

Rx Multicast Packets

ifInMulticastPkts

Number of multicast packets received since the last counter reset.

Rx Broadcast Packets

ifInBroadcastPkts

Number of broadcast packets received since the last counter reset.

Rx Discards

ifInDiscards

Number of received frames dropped by MAC module.

Tx Bytes

ifOutOctets

Number of bytes transmitted since the last counter reset.

Tx Packets

txTotalPkts

Number of packets transmitted since the last counter reset.

Tx Unicast Packets

ifOutUcastPkts

Number of unicast packets transmitted.

Tx Multicast Packets

ifOutMulticastPkts

Number of multicast packets transmitted.

Tx Broadcast Packets

ifOutBroadcastPkts

Number or broadcast packets transmitted.

Rx Alignment Errors

dot3StatsAlignmentErrors

Number of received packets with alignment errors.

Rx FCS Errors

dot3StatsFCSErrors

Number of packets with an FCS error.

Rx Runts

etherStatsUndersizePkts

Total number of frames received that are less than 64 bytes in length and have a CRC error.

Rx Giants

etherStatsOversizePkts

The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets, excluding framing bits and including FCS octets, and were otherwise well formed. Note that for tagged interfaces, this number becomes 1522 bytes.

Rx Jabbers

etherStatsJabbers

Total number of frames received that exceed the maximum 1548 bytes and contain CRC errors.

Rx Collisions

etherStatsCollissions

Number of transmitted packets that collided.

Port Drop Counts

etherStatsDropEvents

Number of received frames dropped at the port level.

Rx Pause Frames

rxPauseFrames

Number of received pause frames.

Rx Threshold Oversizes

mediaIndStatsOversizeDropped

Number of received packets larger than the ML-series remote monitoring (RMON) threshold.

mediaIndStatsTxFramesTooLong

Number of transmitted frames that are too long.


4.6.3.2  ML-Series POS Ports Window

In the ML-Series POS Ports window, the parameters displayed depend on the framing mode employed by the ML-Series card. The two framing modes for the POS port on the ML-Series card are HDLC and GFP-F (Frame-mapped Generic Framing Procedure). For more information on provisioning a framing mode, refer to Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Procedure Guide.

Table 4-16 defines the ML-Series Ethernet card POS Ports HDLC parameters.

Table 4-16 ML-Series POS Ports Parameters for HDLC Mode 

Parameter
Definition
RFC
MIB

Rx Bytes

ifInOctets

Number of bytes received since the last counter reset.

Rx Packets

rxTotalPkts

Number of packets received.

Tx Bytes

ifOutOctets

Number of bytes transmitted since the last counter reset.

Tx Packets

tx TotalPkts

Number of transmitted packets.

Port Drop Counts

etherStatsDropEvents

Number of received frames dropped at the port level.

hdlcPktDrops

rxPktsDropped InternalCongestion

Number of received packets dropped due to overflow in frame buffer.

Rx Runts

mediaIndStatsRxFramesTruncated

Number of received frames with a length of 36 bytes or less.

Tx Giants

mediaIndStatsRxFramesTooLong

Number of received frames that are too long. The maximum is the programmed maximum frame size (for VSAN support); if the maximum frame size is set to default, then the maximum is the 2112 byte payload plus the 36 byte header, which is a total of 2148 bytes.

hdlcErrors

mediaIndStatsRxFramesBadCRC

Number of received frames with CRC errors.

Rx Shorts

mediaIndStatsRxShortPkts

Number of received packets that are too small.

Rx Octets

hdlcInOctets

Number of bytes received (from the SONET/SDH path) prior to the bytes undergoing HLDC decapsulation by the policy engine.

Rx Abort Packets

hdlcRxAborts

Number of received packets aborted on input.

Tx Octets

hdlcOutOctets

Number of bytes transmitted (to the SONET/SDH path) after the bytes undergoing HLDC encapsulation by the policy engine.


Table 4-17 ML-Series POS Ports Parameters for GFP-F Mode

Parameter
Description
RFC
MIB

Port Drop Counts

etherStatsDropEvents

Number of received frames dropped at the port level.

hdlcPktDrops

rx PktsDroppedInternalCongestion

Number of received packets dropped due to overflow in the frame buffer.

Rx Frames

gfpStatsRxFrame

Number of received GFP frames.

Tx Frames

gfpStatsTxFrame

Number of transmitted GFP frames.

Rx Octets

gfpStatsRxOctets

Number of GFP bytes received.

Tx Octets

gfpStatsTxOctets

Number of GFP bytes transmitted.

Rx SBit Errors

gfpStatsRxSBitErrors

Sum of all the single bit errors. In the GFP CORE HDR at the GFP-T receiver, these are correctable.

Rx MBit Errors

gfpStatsRxMBitErrors

Sum of all the multiple bit errors. In the GFP CORE HDR at the GFP-T receiver, these are uncorrectable.

Rx Type Invalid

gfpStatsRxTypeInvalid

Number of receive packets dropped due to Client Data Frame UPI errors.

Rx CRC Errors

gfpStatsRxCRCErrors

Number of packets received with a payload FCS error.

gfpStatsLFDRaised

Count of core HEC CRC multiple bit errors.

This count is only of eHec multiple bit errors when in frame. This can be looked at as a count of when the state machine goes out of frame.

gfpStatsCSFRaised

Number of GFP Client signal fail frames detected at the GFP-T receiver.

Rx Runts

mediaIndStatsRxFramesTruncated

Number of received frames that are too long. The maximum is the programmed maximum frame size (for VSAN support); if the maximum frame size is set to default, then the maximum is the 2112 byte payload plus the 36 byte header, which is a total of 2148 bytes.

Tx Giants

mediaIndStatsRxFramesTooLong

Number of received frames with CRC errors.

Rx Shorts

mediaIndStatsRxShortPkts

Number of received packets that are too small.


4.6.4  CE-Series Ethernet Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

CTC provides Ethernet performance information, including line-level parameters, port bandwidth consumption, and historical Ethernet statistics. The CE-Series card Ethernet performance information is divided into Ether Ports and POS Ports tabbed windows within the card view Performance tab window.

4.6.4.1  CE-Series Card Ether Port Statistics Window

The Ethernet Ether Ports Statistics window lists Ethernet parameters at the line level. The Statistics window provides buttons to change the statistical values shown. The Baseline button resets the displayed statistics values to zero. The Refresh button manually refreshes statistics. Auto-Refresh sets a time interval at which automatic refresh occurs. The CE-Series Statistics window also has a Clear button. The Clear button sets the values on the card to zero, but does not reset the CE-Series card.

During each automatic cycle, whether auto-refreshed or manually refreshed (using the Refresh button), statistics are added cumulatively and are not immediately adjusted to equal total received packets until testing ends. To see the final PM count totals, allow a few moments for the PM window statistics to finish testing and update fully. PM counts are also listed in the CE-Series card Performance > History window.

Table 4-18 defines the CE-Series card statistics parameters.

Table 4-18 CE-Series Ethernet Statistics Parameters 

Parameter
Definition

Time Last Cleared

A time stamp indicating the last time statistics were reset.

Link Status

Indicates whether the Ethernet link is receiving a valid Ethernet signal (carrier) from the attached Ethernet device; up means present, and down means not present.

Rx Unicast Packets

Number of unicast packets received since the last counter reset.

Tx Unicast Packets

Number of unicast packets transmitted since the last counter reset.

Rx Multicast Packets

Number of multicast packets received since the last counter reset.

Tx Multicast Packets

Number of multicast packets transmitted since the last counter reset.

Rx Broadcast Packets

Number of broadcast packets received since the last counter reset.

Tx Broadcast Packets

Number of broadcast packets transmitted since the last counter reset.

Rx Bytes

Number of bytes received since the last counter reset.

Tx Bytes

Number of bytes transmitted since the last counter reset.

Rx Packets

Number of packets received since the last counter reset.

Tx Packets

Number of packets transmitted since the last counter reset.

Rx Errors

The number of inbound packets (or transmission units) that contained errors, preventing them from being delivered to a higher-layer protocol.

Rx Runts

The total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets long (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed.

Rx Jabbers

The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets), and had either a bad FCS with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error).

Rx Giants

The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed.

Rx Alignment Errors

A count of frames received on a particular interface that are not an integral number of octets in length and do not pass the FCS check.

Rx FCS Errors

A count of frames received on a particular interface that are an integral number of octets in length but do not pass the FCS check.


4.6.4.2  CE-Series Card Ether Ports Utilization Window

The Ether Ports Utilization window shows the percentage of Tx and Rx line bandwidth used by the Ethernet ports during consecutive time segments. The Utilization window provides an Interval menu that enables you to set time intervals of 1 minute, 15 minutes, 1 hour, and 1 day. Line utilization is calculated with the following formulas:

Rx = (inOctets + inPkts * 20) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

Tx = (outOctets + outPkts * 20) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

The interval is defined in seconds. The maxBaseRate is defined by raw bits per second in one direction for the Ethernet port (that is, 1 Gbps). The maxBaseRate for CE-Series Ethernet cards is shown in Table 4-12.


Note Line utilization numbers express the average of ingress and egress traffic as a percentage of capacity.


4.6.4.3  CE-Series Card Ether Ports History Window

The Ethernet Ether Ports History window lists past Ethernet statistics for the previous time intervals. Depending on the selected time interval, the History window displays the statistics for each port for the number of previous time intervals as shown in Table 4-13. The listed parameters are defined in Table 4-14.

4.6.4.4  CE-Series Card POS Ports Statistics Parameters

The Ethernet POS Ports statistics window lists Ethernet POS parameters at the line level. Table 4-19 defines the CE-Series Ethernet card POS Ports parameters.

Table 4-19 CE-Series Card POS Ports Parameters 

Parameter
Definition

Time Last Cleared

A time stamp indicating the last time statistics were reset.

Link Status

Indicates whether the Ethernet link is receiving a valid Ethernet signal (carrier) from the attached Ethernet device; up means present, and down means not present.

Rx Packets

Number of packets received since the last counter reset.

Tx Packets

Number of packets transmitted since the last counter reset.

Rx Frames

Receive data frames.

Tx Frames

Transmit data frames.

Rx Octets

Received data octets.

Tx Octets

Transmit data octets.

Rx CRC Errors

Receive data frames with Payload CRC errors.

Rx MBit Errors

Receive frames with multi bit errors (cHEC, tHEC, eHEC).

Rx SBit Errors

Receive frames with single bit errors (cHEC, tHEC, eHEC).

Rx Type Invalid

Receive frames with invalid type (PTI, EXI, UPI).

Rx CID Invalid

Receive frames with invalid CID.


4.6.4.5  CE-Series Card POS Ports Utilization Window

The POS Ports Utilization window shows the percentage of Tx and Rx line bandwidth used by the POS ports during consecutive time segments. The Utilization window provides an Interval menu that enables you to set time intervals of 1 minute, 15 minutes, 1 hour, and 1 day. Line utilization is calculated with the following formulas:

Rx = (inOctets * 8) / (interval * maxBaseRate).

Tx = (outOctets * 8) / (interval * maxBaseRate).

The interval is defined in seconds. The maxBaseRate is defined by raw bits per second in one direction for the Ethernet port (that is, 1 Gbps). The maxBaseRate for CE-Series cards is shown in Table 4-12.


Note Line utilization numbers express the average of ingress and egress traffic as a percentage of capacity.


4.6.4.6  CE-Series Card Ether Ports History Window

The Ethernet POS Ports History window lists past Ethernet POS Ports statistics for the previous time intervals. Depending on the selected time interval, the History window displays the statistics for each port for the number of previous time intervals as shown in Table 4-13. The listed parameters are defined in Table 4-18.

4.7  Performance Monitoring for Optical Cards

This section lists performance monitoring parameters for ONS 15454 optical cards, including the OC-3, OC-12, OC-48, and OC-192. Figure 4-17 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs.

Figure 4-17 Monitored Signal Types for the OC-3 Cards


Note The XX in Figure 4-17 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-20, Table 4-21, and Table 4-22 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-18 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the OC3 IR 4 SH 1310 and OC3 IR SH 1310-8 cards.

Figure 4-18 PM Read Points on the OC-3 Cards


Note For PM locations relating to protection switch counts, see the Telcordia GR-253-CORE document.


Table 4-20 and Table 4-21 list the PM parameters for OC-3 cards.

Table 4-20 OC3 Card PMs 

Section (NE)
Line (NE)
STS Path (NE)
Line (FE)
STS Path (FE)1

CV-S
ES-S
SES-S
SEF-S

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
UAS-L
FC-L
PSC (1+1)
PSD (1+1)

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P
PPJC-PDET
NPJC-PDET
PPJC-PGEN
NPJC-PGEN
PPJC-PDET-P
PPJC-PGEN-P
PJC-DIFF

CV-LFE
ES-LFE
SES-LFE
UAS-LFE
FC-LFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE

1 The STS Path (FE) PMs are valid only for the OC3-4 card on ONS 15454.


Table 4-21 OC3-8 Card PMs 

Section (NE)
Line (NE)
Physical Layer (NE)
STS Path (NE)
Line (FE)
STS Path (FE)

CV-S
ES-S
SES-S
SEF-S

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
UAS-L
FC-L
PSC (1+1)
PSD (1+1)

LBCL
OPT
OPR

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P
PPJC-PDET-P
NPJC-PDET-P
PPJC-PGEN-P
NPJC-PGEN-P
PJCS-PDET-P
PJCS-PGEN-P
PJC-DIFF-P

CV-LFE
ES-LFE
SES-LFE
UAS-LFE
FC-LFE

CV-PFE
ES-PFE
SES-PFE
UAS-PFE
FC-PFE


Table 4-22 lists the PM parameters for OC-12, OC-48, and OC-192 cards.

Table 4-22 OC12, OC48, OC192 Card PMs

Section (NE)
Line (NE)
STS Path (NE)
Line (FE)

CV-S
ES-S
SES-S
SEF-S

CV-L
ES-L
SES--L
UASL
FC-L
PSC (1+1, 2F BLSR)
PSD (1+1, 2F BLSR)
PSC-W (4F BLSR)
PSD-W (4F BLSR)
PSC-S (4F BLSR)
PSD-S (4F BLSR)
PSC-R (4F BLSR)
PSD-R (4F BLSR)

CV-P
ES-P
SES-P
UAS-P
FC-P
PPJC-PDET-P
NPJC-PDET-P
PPJC-PGEN-P
NPJC-PGEN-P
PJCS-PGEN-P
PJCS-PDET-P
PJC-DIFF-P

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
UAS-L
FC-L


4.8  Performance Monitoring for Transponder and Muxponder Cards

This section lists performance monitoring parameters for transponder cards (TXP_MR_10G, TXP_MR_2.5G, TXPP_MR_2.5G, and TXP_MR_10E), and muxponder cards (MXP_2.5G_10G, MXP_25G_10E, MXP_MR_2.5G, and MXPP_MR_2.5G). See "MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G Payload PM Parameters" section for Payload PM information for MXP_MR_2.5G and MXPP_MR_2.5G cards

Figure 4-19 shows the signal types that support near-end and far-end PMs for the TXP_MR_10G card. The signal types for the remaining transponder and muxponder cards are similar to the TXP_MR_10G card.

Figure 4-19 Monitored Signal Types


Note The XX in Figure 4-19 represents all PMs listed in Table 4-23 with the given prefix and/or suffix.


Figure 4-20 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the TXP_MR_10G card. The remaining transponder and muxponder cards perform similarly to the following illustration.

Figure 4-20 PM Read Points for TXP_MR_10G card

Table 4-23 describes the PM parameters for the MXP_2.5G_10G, TXP_MR_10G, TXP_MR_2.5G, TXPP_MR_2.5G, TXP_MR_10E, MXP_2.5G_10E, MXP_MR_2.5G, and MXPP_MR_2.5G cards.

Table 4-23 Muxponder and Transponder Card PMs 

SONET Layer Far-End (FE)1 2
SONET Layer Near-End (NE) 1 2
OTN Layer
(NE and FE)3
Optics (NE) 1 , 4
8B10B (NE) 5
FEC (NE) 3

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
UAS-L
FC-L

CV-S
CV-L
ES-S
ES-L
SES-S
SES-L
SEF-S
UAS-L
FC-L

ES-PM
ES-SM
ESR-PM
ESR-SM
SES-PM
SES-SM
SESR-PM
SESR-SM
UAS-PM
UAS-SM
BBE-PM
BBE-SM
BBER-PM
BBER-SM
FC-PM
FC-SM

LBC
OPT
OPR

CGV
DCG
IOS
IPC
NIOS
VPC

BIEC
UNC-WORDS

1 Applicable to OCH and CLNT facilities.

2 For MXP_MR_2.5G and MXPP_MR_2.5G cards, these parameters are defines in Performance > Payload PM > SONET PM tabs with in the card view.

3 Applicable to OCH facility.

4 TXP-MR-2.5G/TXPP-MR-2.5G ESCON payload does not support optics PMs on the client port due to SFP imposed restriction.

5 Applicable to TXP_MR_2.5G and TXPP_MR_2.5G cards only.


4.8.1  MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G Payload PM Parameters

The MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G card Payload performance information is divided into Statistics, Utilization, History, and SONET PM tabbed windows within the card view Performance tab Payload PM window.

4.8.1.1  MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G Statistics Window

The Payload PM Statistics window lists parameters at the line level. The Statistics window provides buttons to change the statistical values shown. The Baseline button resets the displayed statistics values to zero. The Refresh button manually refreshes statistics. Auto-Refresh sets a time interval at which automatic refresh occurs. The Statistics window also has a Clear button. The Clear button sets the values on the card to zero. All counters on the card are cleared. Table 4-24 defines the MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G card statistics parameters.

Table 4-24 MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G Statistical PMs 

Parameter
Definition

8b/10b Errors

A count of 10b errors received by the serial/deserializer (serdes 8b/10b).

Running Disparity Count

A count of errors that affect the disparity of the received data stream.

Invalid CRC Error

A count of invalid cyclical redundancy checks.

Rx Frames

A count of the number of frames received without errors.

Tx Frames

A count of the number of transmitted frames.

Tx Bytes

A count of the number of bytes transmitted from the frame since the last counter reset.

Rx Link Reset (Only for FC Mode)

A count of the received link resets.


4.8.1.2  MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G Utilization Window

The Payload PM Utilization window shows the percentage of Tx and Rx line bandwidth used by the ports during consecutive time segments. The Utilization window provides an Interval menu that enables you to set time intervals of 1 minute, 15 minutes, 1 hour, and 1 day. Line utilization is calculated with the following formulas:

Rx = (inOctets + inPkts * 20) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

Tx = (outOctets + outPkts * 20) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

The interval is defined in seconds. The maxBaseRate is defined by raw bits per second in one direction for the port (that is, 1 Gbps). The maxBaseRate for MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G cards is shown in Table 4-12.


Note Line utilization numbers express the average of ingress and egress traffic as a percentage of capacity.


4.8.2  MXP_MR_2.5G/MXPP_MR_2.5G History Window

The Payload PM History window lists past statistics for the previous time intervals. Depending on the selected time interval, the History window displays the statistics for each port for the number of previous time intervals as shown in Table 4-13. The listed parameters are defined in Table 4-24.

4.9  Performance Monitoring for Storage Access Networking Cards

The following sections define performance monitoring parameters and definitions for storage access networking card, also known as the FC_MR-4 or Fibre Channel card.

CTC provides FC_MR-4 performance information, including line-level parameters, port bandwidth consumption, and historical statistics. The FC_MR-4 card performance information is divided into the Statistics, Utilization, and History tabbed windows within the card view Performance tab window.

4.9.1  FC_MR-4 Statistics Window

The Statistics window lists parameters at the line level. The Statistics window provides buttons to change the statistical values shown. The Baseline button resets the displayed statistics values to zero. The Refresh button manually refreshes statistics. Auto-Refresh sets a time interval at which automatic refresh occurs. The Statistics window also has a Clear button. The Clear button sets the values on the card to zero. All counters on the card are cleared. Table 4-25 defines the FC_MR-4 card statistics parameters.

Table 4-25 FC_MR-4 Statistics Parameters 

Parameter
Definition

Time Last Cleared

A time stamp indicating the last time statistics were reset.

Link Status

Indicates whether the Fibre Channel link is receiving a valid Fibre Channel signal (carrier) from the attached Fibre Channel device; up means present, and down means not present.

Rx Frames

A count of the number of Fibre Channel frames received without errors.

Rx Bytes

A count of the number of bytes received without error for the Fibre Channel payload.

Tx Frames

A count of the number of transmitted Fibre Channel frames.

Tx Bytes

A count of the number of bytes transmitted from the Fibre Channel frame.

8b/10b Errors

A count of 10b errors received by the serial/deserializer (serdes 8b/10b).

Encoding Disparity Errors

A count of the disparity errors received by serdes.

Link Recoveries

A count of the FC_MR-4 software initiated link recovery attempts toward the FC line side because of SONET protection switches.

Rx Frames bad CRC

A count of the received Fibre Channel frames with errored CRCs.

Tx Frames bad CRC

A count of the transmitted Fibre Channel frames with errored CRCs.

Rx Undersized Frames

A count of the received Fibre Channel frames less than 36 bytes including CRC, start of frame (SOF), and end of frame (EOF).

Rx Oversized Frames

A count of the received Fibre Channel frames greater than 2116 bytes of the payload. Four bytes are allowed for supporting VSAN tags sent.

GFP Rx HDR Single-bit Errors

A count of generic framing procedure (GFP) single bit errors in the core header error check (CHEC).

GFP Rx HDR Multi-bit Errors

A count of GFP multibit errors in CHEC.

GGFP Rx Frames Invalid Type

A count of GFP invalid user payload identifier (UPI) field in the type field.

GFP Rx Superblk CRC Errors

A count of superblock CRC errors in the transparent GFP frame.


4.9.2  FC_MR-4 Utilization Window

The Utilization window shows the percentage of Tx and Rx line bandwidth used by the ports during consecutive time segments. The Utilization window provides an Interval menu that enables you to set time intervals of 1 minute, 15 minutes, 1 hour, and 1 day. Line utilization is calculated with the following formulas:

Rx = (inOctets + inPkts * 24) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

Tx = (outOctets + outPkts * 24) * 8 / 100% interval * maxBaseRate

The interval is defined in seconds. The maxBaseRate is defined by raw bits per second in one direction for the port (that is, 1 Gbps or 2 Gbps). The maxBaseRate for FC_MR-4 cards is shown in Table 4-26.

Table 4-26 maxBaseRate for STS Circuits 

STS
maxBaseRate

STS-24

850000000

STS-48

850000000 x 21

1 For 1 Gbps of bit rate being transported, there are only 850 Mbps of actual data because of 8b->10b conversion. Similarly, for 2 Gbps of bit rate being transported, there are only 1700 Mbps (850 Mbps x 2) of actual data.



Note Line utilization numbers express the average of ingress and egress traffic as a percentage of capacity.


4.9.3  FC_MR-4 History Window

The History window lists past FC_MR-4 statistics for the previous time intervals. Depending on the selected time interval, the History window displays the statistics for each port for the number of previous time intervals as shown in Table 4-27. The listed parameters are defined in Table 4-25.

Table 4-27 FC_MR-4 History Statistics per Time Interval 

Time Interval
Number of Intervals Displayed

1 minute

60 previous time intervals

15 minutes

32 previous time intervals

1 hour

24 previous time intervals

1 day (24 hours)

7 previous time intervals


4.10  Performance Monitoring for DWDM Cards

The following sections define performance monitoring parameters and definitions for the ONS 15454 OPT-PRE, OPT-BST, 32MUX-O, 32DMX-O, 32DMX, 4MD-xx.x, AD-1C-xx.x, AD-2C-xx.x, AD-4C-xx.x, AD-1B-xx.x, AD-4B-xx.x, OSCM, OSC-CSM, and 32WSS DWDM cards.

4.10.1  Optical Amplifier Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

The PM parameters for the OPT-PRE and OPT-BST cards are listed Table 4-28.

.

Table 4-28 Optical PM Parameters for OPT-PRE, and OPT-BST Cards.

Optical Line
Optical Amplifier Line

OPT

OPR


4.10.2  Multiplexer and Demultiplexer Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

The PM parameters for the 32MUX-O, 32WSS, 32DMX, and 32DMX-O cards are listed in Table 4-29.

Table 4-29 Optical PMs for 32MUX-O and 32DMX-O Cards 

Optical Channel
Optical Line

OPR

OPT


4.10.3  4MD-xx.x Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

The PM parameters for the 4MD-xx.x cards are listed in Table 4-30.

Table 4-30 Optical PMs for 4MD-xx.x Cards 

Optical Channel
Optical Band

OPR

OPT


4.10.4  OADM Channel Filter Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

The PM parameters for the AD-1C-xx.x, AD-2C-xx.x, and AD-4C-xx.x cards are listed in Table 4-31.

Table 4-31 Optical PMs for AD-1C-xx.x, AD-2C-xx.x, and AD-4C-xx.x Cards 

Optical Channel
Optical Line

OPR

OPT


4.10.5  OADM Band Filter Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

The PM parameters for the AD-1B-xx.x and AD-4B-xx.x cards are listed in Table 4-32.

Table 4-32 Optical PMs for AD-1B-xx.x and AD-4B-xx.x Cards 

Optical Line
Optical Band

OPR

OPT


4.10.6  Optical Service Channel Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

Figure 4-21 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the OSCM and OSC-CSM cards.

Figure 4-21 PM Read Points on OSCM and OSC-CSM Cards

The PM parameters for the OSCM and OSC-CSM cards are described in Table 4-33.

Table 4-33 OSCM/OSC-CSM (OC3) Card PMs 

Section (NE)1
Line (NE/FE) 1
Optics (NE)2

CV-S
ES-S
SES-S
SEF-S

CV-L
ES-L
SES-L
UAS-L
FC-L

OPWR

1 Applicable to OC3

2 Applicable to OTS facilities