IPsec Data Plane Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15.1M&T
IPsec Security Association Idle Timers
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IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Table Of Contents

IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Prerequisites for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Information About IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Lifetimes for IPsec Security Associations

IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

How to Configure IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer Globally

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer per Crypto Map

Configuration Examples for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer Globally: Example

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer per Crypto Map: Example

Additional References

Related Documents

MIBs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers


IPsec Security Association Idle Timers


First Published: March 17, 2003
Last Updated: March 24, 2011

When a router running the Cisco IOS software creates an IPsec security association (SA) for a peer, resources must be allocated to maintain the SA. The SA requires both memory and several managed timers. For idle peers, these resources are wasted. If enough resources are wasted by idle peers, the router could be prevented from creating new SAs with other peers.

With the introduction of the IPsec Security Association Idle Timers feature, there is now an idle timer that can be configured to monitor SAs for activity, allowing SAs for idle peers to be deleted and new SAs to be created as required to increase the availability of resources. This feature also improves the scalability of Cisco IOS IPsec deployments.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Prerequisites for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Information About IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Information About IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

How to Configure IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Configuration Examples for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Additional References

Feature Information for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Prerequisites for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

You must configure Internet Key Exchange (IKE) as described in Internet Key Exchange for IPsec VPNs.

Information About IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

To configure the IPsec Security Association Idle Timers feature, you must understand the following concepts:

Lifetimes for IPsec Security Associations

IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Lifetimes for IPsec Security Associations

The Cisco IOS software currently allows the configuration of lifetimes for IPsec SAs. Lifetimes can be configured globally or per crypto map. There are two lifetimes: a "timed" lifetime and a "traffic-volume" lifetime. A security association expires after the first of these lifetimes is reached.

IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

The IPsec SA idle timers are different from the global lifetimes for IPsec SAs. The expiration of the global lifetime is independent of peer activity. The IPsec SA idle timer allows SAs associated with inactive peers to be deleted before the global lifetime has expired.

If the IPsec SA idle timers are not configured, only the global lifetimes for IPsec SAs are applied. SAs are maintained until the global timers expire, regardless of peer activity.


Note If the last IPsec SA to a given peer is deleted due to idle timer expiration, the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) SA to that peer will also be deleted.


How to Configure IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer Globally

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer per Crypto Map

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer Globally

This task configures the IPsec SA idle timer globally. The idle timer configuration will be applied to all SAs.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. crypto ipsec security-association idle-time seconds

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

crypto ipsec security-association idle-time seconds

Example:

Router(config)# crypto ipsec security-association idle-time 600

Configures the IPsec SA idle timer.

The seconds argument specifies the time, in seconds, that the idle timer will allow an inactive peer to maintain an SA. Valid values for the seconds argument range from 60 to 86400.

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer per Crypto Map

This task configures the IPsec SA idle timer for a specified crypto map. The idle timer configuration will be applied to all SAs under the specified crypto map.


Note This configuration task was available effective with Cisco IOS Release 12.3(14)T.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. crypto map map-name seq-number ipsec-isakmp

4. set security-association idle-time seconds

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

crypto map map-name seq-number ipsec-isakmp

Example:

Router(config)# crypto map test 1 ipsec-isakmp

Creates or modifies a crypto map entry and enters crypto map configuration mode.

Step 4 

set security-association idle-time seconds

Example:

Router(config-crypto-map)# set security-association idle-time 600

Specifies the maximum amount of time for which the current peer can be idle before the default peer is used.

The seconds argument is the number of seconds for which the current peer can be idle before the default peer is used. Valid values are 60 to 86400.

Configuration Examples for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer Globally: Example

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer per Crypto Map: Example

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer Globally: Example

The following example globally configures the IPsec SA idle timer to drop SAs for inactive peers after 600 seconds:

crypto ipsec security-association idle-time 600

Configuring the IPsec SA Idle Timer per Crypto Map: Example

The following example configures the IPsec SA idle timer for the crypto map named test to drop SAs for inactive peers after 600 seconds:

crypto map test 1 ipsec-isakmp
 set security-association idle-time 600

Note The above configuration was not available until Cisco IOS Release 12.3(14)T.


Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Additional information about configuring IKE

Internet Key Exchange for IPsec VPNs

Additional information about configuring global lifetimes for IPsec SAs

Configuring Security for VPNs with IPsec

IPsec Preferred Peer

Additional Security commands

Cisco IOS Security Command Reference


MIBs

MIBs
MIBs Link

None

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html


Feature Information for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

Table 1 lists the release history for this feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 1 lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.


Table 1 Feature Information for IPsec Security Association Idle Timers 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

IPsec Security Association Idle Timers

12.2(15)T
12.3(14)T

With the introduction of the IPsec Security Association Idle Timers feature, there is now an idle timer that can be configured to monitor SAs for activity, allowing SAs for idle peers to be deleted and new SAs to be created as required to increase the availability of resources. This feature also improves the scalability of Cisco IOS IPsec deployments.

This feature was introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)T.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.3(14)T, the set security-association idle-time command was added, allowing for the configuration of an IPsec idle timer for a specified crypto map.

The following commands were introduced or modified: crypto ipsec security-association idle-time, set security-association idle-time.