qos_rsvp
RSVP Fast Local Repair
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RSVP Fast Local Repair

Table Of Contents

RSVP Fast Local Repair

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Prerequisites for RSVP FLR

Restrictions for RSVP FLR

Information About RSVP FLR

Feature Overview of RSVP FLR

Benefits of RSVP FLR

How to Configure RSVP FLR

Configuring the RSVP FLR Wait Time

Configuring the RSVP FLR Repair Rate

Configuring the RSVP FLR Notifications

Verifying the RSVP FLR Configuration

Configuration Examples for RSVP FLR

Example: Configuring RSVP FLR

Example: Verifying the RSVP FLR Configuration

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for RSVP FLR

Glossary


RSVP Fast Local Repair


First Published: February 19, 2007
Last Updated: October 2, 2009

The RSVP Fast Local Repair feature provides quick adaptation to routing changes occurring in global as well as VRF routing domains, without the overhead of the refresh period to guarantee the quality of service (QoS) for data flows. With fast local repair (FLR), Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) speeds up its response to routing changes from 30 seconds to a few seconds.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for RSVP FLR" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Prerequisites for RSVP FLR

Restrictions for RSVP FLR

Information About RSVP FLR

How to Configure RSVP FLR

Configuration Examples for RSVP FLR

Additional References

Feature Information for RSVP FLR

Glossary

Prerequisites for RSVP FLR

You must configure RSVP on one or more interfaces on at least two neighboring routers that share a link within the network.

Restrictions for RSVP FLR

RSVP FLR applies only when RSVP is used to set up resource reservations for IPv4 unicast flows; IPv4 multicast flows are not supported.

RSVP FLR does not apply to traffic engineering (TE) tunnels and, therefore, does not affect TE sessions.

RSVP FLR does not support message bundling.

Information About RSVP FLR

To use the RSVP FLR feature, you should understand the following concepts:

Feature Overview of RSVP FLR

Benefits of RSVP FLR

Feature Overview of RSVP FLR

RSVP FLR provides for dynamic adaptation when routing changes occur in global or VRF routing domains. When a route changes, the next PATH and RESV message refreshes establish path and reservation states along the new route. Depending on the configured refresh interval, this reroute happens in tens of seconds. However, during this time, the QoS of flows is not guaranteed because congestion may occur while data packets travel over links where reservations are not yet in place.

In order to provide faster adaptation to routing changes, without the overhead of a refresh period, RSVP registers with the routing information base (RIB) and receives notifications when routes change, thereby triggering state refreshes for the affected destinations. These triggered refreshes use the new route information and, as a result, install reservations over the new path.

When routes change, RSVP has to reroute all affected paths and reservations. Without FLR, the reroute happens when refresh timers expire for the path states. With real time applications such as VoIP and VoD, the requirement changes and the reroute must happen quickly, within three seconds from the triggering event such as link down or link up.

Figure 1 illustrates the FLR process.

Figure 1 Overview of RSVP FLR

Initial RSVP states are installed for an IPv4 unicast flow over Routers A, B, C, D, and E. Router A is the source or headend, while Router E is the destination or tailend. The data packets are destined to an address of Router E. Assume that a route change occurs, and the new path taken by the data packets is from Router A to Router B to Router F to Router D to Router E; therefore, the old and new paths differ on the segments between Routers B and D. The Router B to Router C to Router D segment is the old segment, while the Router B to Router F to Router D segment is the new segment.

A route may change because of a link or node failure, or if a better path becomes available.

RSVP at Router B detects that the route change affects the RSVP flow and initiates the FLR procedure. The node that initiates an FLR repair procedure, Router B in Figure 1, is the point of local repair (PLR). The node where the new and old segments meet, Router D in Figure 1, is the merge point (MP). The interfaces at the PLR and the MP that are part of the old segment are the old interfaces, while the interfaces that are part of the new segment are the new interfaces.

If a route has changed because of a failure, the PLR may not be the node that detects the failure. For example, it is possible that the link from Router C to Router D fails, and although Router C detects the failure, the route change at Router B is the trigger for the FLR procedure. Router C, in this case, is also referred to as the node that detects the failure.

The support for FLR in VRF domains means that RSVP can get a route change notification, even if there is a route change in any VRF domains, as RSVP FLR was previously supported only in the global routing domain.

Benefits of RSVP FLR

Faster Response Time to Routing Changes

FLR reduces the time that it takes for RSVP to determine that a physical link has gone down and that the data packets have been rerouted. Without FLR, RSVP may not recognize the link failure for 30 seconds when all of the sessions are impacted by having too much traffic for the available bandwidth. With FLR, this time can be significantly reduced to a few seconds.

After detecting the failure, RSVP recomputes the admission control across the new link. If the rerouted traffic fits on the new link, RSVP reserves the bandwidth and guarantees the QoS of the new traffic.

If admission control fails on the new route, RSVP does not explicate tear down the flow, but instead sends a RESVERROR message towards the receiver. If a proxy receiver is running, then RSVP sends a PATHERROR message towards the headend, in response to the RESVERROR message, indicating the admission failure. In both cases, with and without a proxy receiver, the application tears down the failed session either at the headend or at the final destination.

Until this happens, the data packets belonging to this session still flow over the rerouted segment although admission has failed and QoS is affected.

The support of FLR in VRF domains means that if there is a route change in any routing domain, RSVP can use FLR to adapt to the routing change, as RSVP FLR was previously supported only in the global routing domain.

How to Configure RSVP FLR

You can configure the RSVP FLR parameters in any order that you want.

Configuring the RSVP FLR Wait Time (required)

Configuring the RSVP FLR Repair Rate (required)

Configuring the RSVP FLR Notifications (required)

Verifying the RSVP FLR Configuration (optional)

Configuring the RSVP FLR Wait Time

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type number

4. ip rsvp bandwidth [interface-kbps] [single-flow-kbps] [sub-pool [sub-pool-kbps]]

5. ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair wait-time interval

6. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type number

Example:

Router(config)# interface Ethernet0/0

Configures the interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

ip rsvp bandwidth [interface-kbps] [single-flow-kbps] [sub-pool [sub-pool-kbps]]

Example:

Router(config-if)# ip rsvp bandwidth 7500 7500

Enables RSVP on an interface.

The optional interface-kbps and single-flow-kbps arguments specify the amount of bandwidth that can be allocated by RSVP flows or to a single flow, respectively. Values are from 1 to 10000000.

The optional sub-pool and sub-pool-kbps keyword and argument specify subpool traffic and the amount of bandwidth that can be allocated by RSVP flows. Values are from 1 to 10000000.

Note Repeat this command for each interface on which you want to enable RSVP.

Step 5 

ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair wait-time interval

Example:
Router(config-if)# ip rsvp signalling 
fast-local-repair wait-time 100

Configures the delay that RSVP uses before starting an FLR procedure.

Values for the interval argument are 0 to 5000 milliseconds (ms); the default is 0.

Step 6 

end

Example:

Router(config-if)# end

(Optional) Returns to privileged EXEC mode.


Configuring the RSVP FLR Repair Rate

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair rate rate

4. exit

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair rate rate

Example:
Router(config)# ip rsvp signalling 
fast-local-repair rate 100

Configures the repair rate that RSVP uses for an FLR procedure.

Values for the rate argument are 1 to 2500 messages per second; the default is 400.

Note See the ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair rate command for more information.

Step 4 

exit

Example:
Router(config)# exit

(Optional) Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Configuring the RSVP FLR Notifications

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair notifications number

4. exit

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair notifications number

Example:
Router(config)# ip rsvp signalling 
fast-local-repair notifications 100

Configures the number of path state blocks (PSBs) that RSVP processes before it suspends.

Values for the number argument are 10 to 10000; the default is 1000.

Step 4 

exit

Example:
Router(config)# exit

(Optional) Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Verifying the RSVP FLR Configuration


Note You can use the following show commands in user EXEC or privileged EXEC mode.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair [statistics [detail]]

3. show ip rsvp interface [vrf {* | vrf-name}] [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

4. show ip rsvp

5. show ip rsvp sender [vrf {* | vrf-name}] [detail] [filter [destination ip-addr | hostname] [source ip-addr | hostname] [dst-port port] [src-port port]]

6. exit

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

(Optional) Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Note Skip this step if you are using the show commands in user EXEC mode.

Step 2 

show ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair 
[statistics [detail]]
Example:
Router# show ip rsvp signalling 
fast-local-repair statistics detail

Displays FLR-specific information that RSVP maintains.

The optional statistics and detail keywords display additional information about the FLR parameters.

Step 3 

show ip rsvp interface [vrf {* | vrf-name}] 
[detail] [interface-type interface-number]
Example:
Router# show ip rsvp interface ethernet 1/0

Displays RSVP-related information.

The optional detail keyword displays additional information including FLR parameters.

Step 4 

show ip rsvp
Example:
Router# show ip rsvp

Displays general RSVP related information.

Step 5 

show ip rsvp sender [vrf {* | 
vrf-name}][detail] [filter [destination 
ip-addr | hostname] [source ip-addr | hostname] 
[dst-port port] [src-port port]]
Example:
Router# show ip rsvp sender detail

Displays RSVP PATH-related sender information currently in the database.

The optional detail keyword displays additional output including the FLR parameters.

Note The optional filter keyword is supported in
Cisco IOS Releases 12.0S and 12.2S only.

Step 6 

exit

Example:

Router# exit

(Optional) Exits privileged EXEC mode and returns to user EXEC mode.

Configuration Examples for RSVP FLR

This section provides configuration examples for the RSVP FLR feature.

Example: Configuring RSVP FLR

Example: Verifying the RSVP FLR Configuration

Example: Configuring RSVP FLR

The configuration options for RSVP FLR are the following:

Wait time

Number of notifications

Repair rate


Note You can configure these options in any order.


Configuring the Wait Time

The following example configures Ethernet interface 1/0 with a bandwidth of 200 kbps and a wait time of 1000 msec:

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# interface ethernet1/0
Router(config-if)# ip rsvp bandwidth 200
Router(config-if)# ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair wait-time 1000

Router(config-if)# end

Configuring the Number of Notifications

The following example configures the number of flows that are repaired before suspending to 100:

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair notifications 100
Router(config)# end

Configuring the Repair Rate

The following example configures a repair rate of 100 messages per second:

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair rate 100
Router(config)# end

Example: Verifying the RSVP FLR Configuration

This section contains the following examples:

Verifying the Details for FLR Procedures

Verifying Configuration Details for a Specific Interface

Verifying Configuration Details Before, During, and After an FLR Procedure

Verifying the Details for FLR Procedures

The following example displays detailed information about FLR procedures:

Router# show ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair statistics detail

Fast Local Repair: enabled
  Max repair rate (paths/sec): 10     
  Max processed   (paths/run): 10     

FLR Statistics:
  FLR 1: DONE
    Start Time: 05:18:54 IST Mon Nov 5 2007
    Number of PSBs repaired:          2
    Used Repair Rate (msgs/sec):      10
    RIB notification processing time: 0(us).
    Time of last PSB refresh:         5025(ms).
    Time of last Resv received:       6086(ms).
    Time of last Perr received:       0(us).
    Suspend count: 0
    FLR Pacing Unit: 100 msec.
    Affected neighbors:
      Nbr Address   Interface    Relative Delay Values (msec)      VRF
      10.1.2.12         Et0/3          [5000  ,..., 5000  ]        vrfRed
      10.1.2.12         Et1/3          [5000  ,..., 5000  ]        vrfBlue

Verifying Configuration Details for a Specific Interface

The following example from the show ip rsvp interface detail command displays detailed information, including FLR, for the Ethernet 1/0 interface:

Router# show ip rsvp interface detail ethernet1/0

  Et1/0:
    RSVP: Enabled
    Interface State: Up
    Bandwidth:
      Curr allocated: 9K bits/sec
      Max. allowed (total): 300K bits/sec
      Max. allowed (per flow): 300K bits/sec
      Max. allowed for LSP tunnels using sub-pools (pool 1): 0 bits/sec
      Set aside by policy (total): 0 bits/sec
    Traffic Control:
      RSVP Data Packet Classification is ON via CEF callbacks
    Signalling:
      DSCP value used in RSVP msgs: 0x30
      Number of refresh intervals to enforce blockade state: 4
    FLR Wait Time (IPv4 flows):
      Repair is delayed by 1000 msec.
    Authentication: disabled
      Key chain:   <none>
      Type:        md5
      Window size: 1
      Challenge:   disabled
    Hello Extension:
      State: Disabled

Verifying Configuration Details Before, During, and After an FLR Procedure

The following is sample output from the show ip rsvp sender detail command before an FLR procedure has occurred:

Router# show ip rsvp sender detail

PATH:
   Destination 192.168.101.21, Protocol_Id 17, Don't Police , DstPort 1
   Sender address: 10.10.10.10, port: 1
   Path refreshes:
     arriving: from PHOP 172.3.31.34 on Et0/0 every 30000 msecs
   Traffic params - Rate: 9K bits/sec, Max. burst: 9K bytes
     Min Policed Unit: 0 bytes, Max Pkt Size 2147483647 bytes
   Path ID handle: 01000401.
   Incoming policy: Accepted. Policy source(s): Default
   Status:
   Output on Ethernet1/0. Policy status: Forwarding. Handle: 02000400
     Policy source(s): Default
   Path FLR: Never repaired

The following is sample output from the show ip rsvp sender detail command at the PLR during an FLR procedure:

Router# show ip rsvp sender detail

PATH:
   Destination 192.168.101.21, Protocol_Id 17, Don't Police , DstPort 1
   Sender address: 10.10.10.10, port: 1
   Path refreshes:
     arriving: from PHOP 172.16.31.34 on Et0/0 every 30000 msecs
   Traffic params - Rate: 9K bits/sec, Max. burst: 9K bytes
     Min Policed Unit: 0 bytes, Max Pkt Size 2147483647 bytes
   Path ID handle: 01000401.
   Incoming policy: Accepted. Policy source(s): Default
   Status:
   Path FLR: PSB is currently being repaired...try later
   PLR - Old Segments: 1
    Output on Ethernet1/0, nhop 172.5.36.34
    Time before expiry: 2 refreshes
    Policy status: Forwarding. Handle: 02000400
       Policy source(s): Default

The following is sample output from the show ip rsvp sender detail command at the MP during an FLR procedure:

Router# show ip rsvp sender detail

PATH:
   Destination 192.168.101.21, Protocol_Id 17, Don't Police , DstPort 1
   Sender address: 10.10.10.10, port: 1
   Path refreshes:
     arriving: from PHOP 172.16.37.35 on Et1/0 every 30000 msecs
Traffic params - Rate: 9K bits/sec, Max. burst: 9K bytes
     Min Policed Unit: 0 bytes, Max Pkt Size 2147483647 bytes
   Path ID handle: 09000406.
   Incoming policy: Accepted. Policy source(s): Default
   Status: Proxy-terminated
   Path FLR: Never repaired
   MP - Old Segments: 1
    Input on Serial2/0, phop 172.16.36.35
    Time before expiry: 9 refreshes

The following is sample output from the show ip rsvp sender detail command at the PLR after an FLR procedure:

Router# show ip rsvp sender detail

PATH:
   Destination 192.168.101.21, Protocol_Id 17, Don't Police , DstPort 1
   Sender address: 10.10.10.10, port: 1
   Path refreshes:
     arriving: from PHOP 172.16.31.34 on Et0/0 every 30000 msecs
   Traffic params - Rate: 9K bits/sec, Max. burst: 9K bytes
     Min Policed Unit: 0 bytes, Max Pkt Size 2147483647 bytes
   Path ID handle: 05000401.
   Incoming policy: Accepted. Policy source(s): Default
   Status:
   Output on Serial3/0. Policy status: Forwarding. Handle: 3B000406
     Policy source(s): Default
   Path FLR: Started 12:56:16 EST Thu Nov 16 2006, PSB repaired 532(ms) after.

Resv/Perr: Received 992(ms) after.

Additional References

The following sections provide references related to the RSVP FLR feature.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

RSVP commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Command Reference

QoS features including signaling, classification, and congestion management

"Quality of Service Overview" module

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases


Standards

Standard
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


MIBs

MIB
MIBs Link

No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFC
Title

RFC 2205

Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP)—Version 1 Functional Specification

RFC 2209

Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP)—Version 1 Messaging Processing Rules


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html


Feature Information for RSVP FLR

Table 1 lists the release history for this feature.

Not all commands may be available in your Cisco IOS software release. For release information about a specific command, see the command reference documentation.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 1 lists only the Cisco IOS software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given Cisco IOS software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that Cisco IOS software release train also support that feature.


Table 1 Feature Information for RSVP FLR

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

RSVP Fast Local Repair

12.2(33)SRB, 15.0(1)M

The RSVP Fast Local Repair feature provides quick adaptation to routing changes without the overhead of the refresh period to guarantee QoS for data flows. With FLR, RSVP speeds up its response to routing changes from 30 seconds to a few seconds.

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M. Support for FLR in VRF domains was added.

The following commands were introduced or modified: clear ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair statistics, ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair notifications, ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair rate, ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair wait-time, show ip rsvp, show ip rsvp interface, show ip rsvp sender, show ip rsvp signalling fast-local-repair.


Glossary

admission control—The process by which an RSVP reservation is accepted or rejected on the basis of end-to-end available network resources.

bandwidth—The difference between the highest and lowest frequencies available for network signals. The term is also used to describe the rated throughput capacity of a given network medium or protocol.

message pacing—A system for managing volume and timing that permits messages from multiple sources to be spaced apart over time. RSVP message pacing maintains, on an outgoing basis, a count of the messages that it has been forced to drop because the output queue for the interface used for the message pacing was full.

MP—merge point. The node where the new and old FLR segments meet.

PLR—point of local repair. The node that initiates an FLR procedure.

QoS—quality of service. A measure of performance for a transmission system that reflects its transmission quality and service availability.

RSVP—Resource Reservation Protocol. A protocol that supports the reservation of resources across an IP network. Applications running on IP end systems can use RSVP to indicate to other nodes the nature (bandwidth, jitter, maximum burst, and so on) of the packet streams that they want to receive.

VRF—Virtual Routing and Forwarding. VRF is A VPN routing and forwarding instance. A VRF consists of an IP routing table, a derived forwarding table, a set of interfaces that use the forwarding table, and a set of rules and routing protocols that determine what goes into the forwarding table. In general, a VRF includes the routing information that defines a customer VPN site that is attached to a PE router.