Embedded Resource Manager Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15.1M
Configuring Embedded Resource Manager (ERM)-MIB
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Configuring Embedded Resource Manager-MIB

Table Of Contents

Configuring Embedded Resource Manager-MIB

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Prerequisites for ERM-MIB

Information About ERM-MIB

ERM Show MIB Objects

Obtaining Information About Resource Owners

Obtaining Sub-type Specific Information

Obtaining Applied System Global Threshold Details

Obtaining Information About a Resource User Type

Obtaining Resource User-Specific Information

Obtaining Information About Resource Groups

Obtaining Information About Resource Users in a Particular Resource Group

Obtaining Information About Resource Owner and User Relationships

Obtaining Threshold Information About Each Resource Owner Sub-type and Resource User Relationship

Obtaining Information About Resource Owners Present in a Resource User Type

Obtaining Information About Resource Monitors

Obtaining Resource Information About Resource Owner and User Relationships that are Monitored

Obtaining Information About Resource Policies that are Monitored by a Resource Monitor

ERM Configuration MIB Objects

Verifying Whether a Global Resource Policy is Applied in the System

Creating, Modifying, or Deleting a Resource Policy

Configuring Threshold Values and Intervals for Resource Owner Sub-types in a Resource Policy

Creating or Deleting a Resource Group

Creating or Deleting a User Instance in a Resource Group

Applying an Existing Resource Policy to a Resource User or Group

ERM Notification MIB Objects

Controlling the Generation of Traps for ERM Policy Violation Notifications

Receiving a Global Notification on Policy Violation

Receiving a User-Specific Notification on Policy Violation

How to Configure ERM-MIB

Enabling ERM-MIB Notification Traps

Configuring the Router to Send SNMP Notification Traps for ERM to a Host

Prerequisites

Configuration Examples for ERM-MIB

Configuring the Router to Send SNMP Notifications for ERM to a Host: Example

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for ERM-MIB


Configuring Embedded Resource Manager-MIB


First Published: February 19, 2007
Last Updated: November 20, 2009

The Embedded Resource Manager (ERM)-MIB feature introduces MIB support for the ERM feature. The ERM feature tracks resource usage information for every registered resource owner and resource user. The ERM-MIB feature allows you to monitor the usage of resources by gathering resource usage information using MIB objects. The network manager can use the information collected by the ERM-MIB objects to ensure the optimal use of the resources.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for ERM-MIB" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Prerequisites for ERM-MIB

Information About ERM-MIB

How to Configure ERM-MIB

Configuration Examples for ERM-MIB

Additional References

Feature Information for ERM-MIB

Prerequisites for ERM-MIB

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) must be enabled on the router before notifications (traps) can be configured or before SNMP GET operations can be performed.

Information About ERM-MIB

The ERM-MIB feature introduces network management support for ERM through the use of ERM-MIB table entries, MIB objects, and MIB trap notification objects that are defined in CISCO-ERM-MIB.my.

To use the ERM-MIB feature, you should understand the following concepts:

ERM Show MIB Objects

ERM Configuration MIB Objects

ERM Notification MIB Objects

ERM Show MIB Objects

The ERM Show MIB objects are read-only objects. You can use these MIB objects to obtain information about resource owners, resource user type, resource users or groups, resource owner and resource user relationships, and resource monitors in the system.

Table 1 describes the ERM Show MIB objects.

Table 1 ERM Show MIB objects

ERM Show MIB Objects
Purpose

cermResOwnerTable

Obtains the details of all resource owners in the system.

cermResOwnerSubTypeTable

Obtains the details of the resource owner sub-types in the system.

cermResOwnerSubTypeThresholdTable

Obtains the details of the threshold value defined for each resource owner sub-type in the system.

cermResUserTypeTable

Obtains the details of the resource user types in the system.

cermResUserTable

Obtains the details of each resource user in the system.

cermResGroupTable

Obtains the details of each resource group in the system.

cermResGroupResUserTable

Obtains the details of resource users available in a specific resource group.

cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupTable

Obtains the details of all the resource owners, resource users, and group relationships defined in the system.

cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupThresholdTable

Obtains the details of the threshold value defined for each resource owner sub-type, resource user or resource group relationship in the system.

cermResUserTypeResOwnerTable

Obtains the details of resource owners present in a specific resource user type.

cermResMonitorTable

Obtains the details of resource monitors in the system.

cermResMonitorResOwnerResUserTable

Obtains the details of resource owners, resource users, and resource owner and resource user relationships that are monitored by a resource monitor.

cermResMonitorPolicyTable

Obtains the details of resource policies that are monitored by a resource monitor.


Obtaining Information About Resource Owners

You can use cermResOwnerTable to obtain information about all resource owners in the system. The index entries for cermResOwnerTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResOwnerSubEntityId, and cermResOwnerId.

The cermResOwnerTable defines the following MIB objects:

cermResOwnerSubEntityId

cermResOwnerId

cermResOwnerName

cermResOwnerMeasurementUnit

cermResOwnerThresholdIsConfigurable

cermResOwnerResUserCount

cermResOwnerResGroupCount

Obtaining Sub-type Specific Information

You can use cermResOwnerSubTypeTable to obtain sub-type specific information. The cermResOwnerSubTypeTable is an extension of the cermResOwnerTable. The index entries for cermResOwnerSubTypeTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResOwnerSubEntityId, cermResOwnerId, and cermResOwnerSubTypeId.

Each resource owner will have one or more entries in this table. For example, the CPU resource owner has three sub-types: process, interrupt, and total.

Some resource owners may not have any sub-types, such as the IPC resource owner. In such cases this table will contain a single entry with cermResOwnerSubTypeId as 0 and cermResOwnerSubTypeName as an empty string.

You can obtain all sub-type related information specified in this table by querying the corresponding resource owner.

The cermResOwnerSubTypeTable defines the following objects:

cermResOwnerSubTypeId

cermResOwnerSubTypeName

cermResOwnerSubTypeUsagePct

cermResOwnerSubTypeUsage

cermResOwnerSubTypeMaxUsage

cermResOwnerSubTypeGlobNotifSeverity

Obtaining Applied System Global Threshold Details

You can use cermResOwnerSubTypeThresholdTable to obtain applied threshold details for each resource owner sub-type. This object is an extension of the cermResOwnerSubTypeTable.

The index entries for cermResOwnerSubTypeThresholdTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResOwnerSubEntityId, cermResOwnerId, cermResOwnerSubTypeId, and cermResOwnerSubTypeThreshSeverity. You can obtain all threshold details corresponding to a resource owner sub-type by querying the corresponding resource owner.

The cermResOwnerSubTypeThresholdTable defines the following objects:

cermResOwnerSubTypeThreshSeverity

cermResOwnerSubTypeRisingThresh

cermResOwnerSubTypeRisingInterval

cermResOwnerSubTypeFallingThresh

cermResOwnerSubTypeFallingInterval

Obtaining Information About a Resource User Type

You can use cermResUserTypeTable to obtain information about a resource user type. Each resource user type in the system has an entry in cermResUserTypeTable. The index entries for this object are entPhysicalIndex, cermResUserTypeSubEntityId, and cermResUserTypeId.

The cermResUserTypeTable defines the following objects:

cermResUserTypeSubEntityId

cermResUserTypeId

cermResUserTypeName

cermResUserTypeResOwnerCount

cermResUserTypeResUserCount

cermResUserTypeResGroupCount

Obtaining Resource User-Specific Information

You can use cermResUserTable to obtain information about each resource user in the system. This object is an extension of cermResUserTypeTable. The index entries for cermResUserTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResUserTypeSubEntityId, cermResUserTypeId, and ermResUserId.

The cermResUserTable defines the following objects:

cermResUserId

cermResUserName

cermResUserPriority

cermResUserResGroupId

Obtaining Information About Resource Groups

You can use cermResGroupTable to obtain information about every resource group available in the system. This object is an extension of cermResUserTypeTable. The index entries for cermResGroupTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResUserTypeSubEntityId, cermResUserTypeId, and cermResGroupId.

The cermResGroupTable defines the following objects:

cermResGroupId

cermResGroupName

cermResGroupUserInstanceCount

Obtaining Information About Resource Users in a Particular Resource Group

You can use cermResGroupResUserTable to obtain the list of resource users available in a particular resource group. This object is an extension of cermResGroupTable. The index entries for cermResGroupResUserTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResUserTypeSubEntityId, cermResUserTypeId, cermResGroupId, and cermResGroupResUserId.

The cermResGroupResUserTable defines the following object:

cermResGroupResUserId

Obtaining Information About Resource Owner and User Relationships

You can use cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupTable to obtain information about each resource owner- user relationship or resource owner-group relationship in the system. This object is an extension of cermResOwnerSubTypeTable.

The index entries for cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResOwnerSubEntityId, cermResOwnerId, cermResOwnerSubTypeId, cermResOwnerResUserTypeId, and cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupId.

This table can be used for the following tasks:

To obtain the list of resource users registered for a specific resource owner.

To obtain usage, max-usage, user local and per user global current notification levels for a given resource owner sub-type and resource user relation.

The cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupTable defines the following objects:

cermResOwnerResUserTypeId

cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupId

cermResUserOrGroupFlag

cermResUserOrGroupUsagePct

cermResUserOrGroupUsage

cermResUserOrGroupMaxUsage

cermResUserOrGroupNotifSeverity

cermResUserOrGroupGlobNotifSeverity

Obtaining Threshold Information About Each Resource Owner Sub-type and Resource User Relationship

You can use cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupThresholdTable to obtain threshold information about each resource owner sub-type and resource user relationship. This object is an extension of the cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupTable.

The index entries for cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupThresholdTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResOwnerSubEntityId, cermResOwnerId, cermResOwnerSubTypeId, cermResOwnerResUserTypeId, cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupId, cermResUserOrGroupThreshIsUserGlob, and cermResUserOrGroupThreshSeverity.

The cermResOwnerResUserOrGroupThresholdTable defines the following objects:

cermResUserOrGroupThreshIsUserGlob

cermResUserOrGroupThreshSeverity

cermResUserOrGroupThreshFlag

cermResUserOrGroupRisingThresh

cermResUserOrGroupRisingInterval

cermResUserOrGroupFallingThresh

cermResUserOrGroupFallingInterval

Obtaining Information About Resource Owners Present in a Resource User Type

You can use cermResUserTypeResOwnerTable to obtain the list of resource owners present in a resource user type. This object is an extension of the cermResUserTypeTable.

The index entries for cermResUserTypeResOwnerTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResUserTypeSubEntityId, cermResUserTypeId, and cermResUserTypeResOwnerId.

The cermResUserTypeResOwnerTable defines the following objects:

cermResUserTypeResOwnerId

Obtaining Information About Resource Monitors

You can use cermResMonitorTable to obtain the list of resource monitors in the system. The index entries for this object are entPhysicalIndex, cermResMonitorSubEntityId, and cermResMonitorId.

The cermResMonitorTable defines the following objects:

cermResMonitorSubEntityId

cermResMonitorId

cermResMonitorName

Obtaining Resource Information About Resource Owner and User Relationships that are Monitored

You can use cermResMonitorResOwnerResUserTable to obtain resource-related information that is tracked by a resource monitor. This object is an extension of cermResMonitorTable.

The index entries for cermResMonitorResOwnerResUserTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResMonitorSubEntityId, cermResMonitorId, cermResMonitorResOwnerId, cermResMonitorResUserTypeId, and cermResMonitorResUserId.

The cermResMonitorResOwnerResUserTable defines the following objects:

cermResMonitorResOwnerId

cermResMonitorResUserTypeId

cermResMonitorResUserId

cermResMonitorResPolicyName

Obtaining Information About Resource Policies that are Monitored by a Resource Monitor

You can use cermResMonitorPolicyTable to obtain the list of resource policies that are tracked by a resource monitor. This object is an extension of the cermResMonitorTable. The index entries for cermResMonitorPolicyTable are entPhysicalIndex, cermResMonitorSubEntityId, cermResMonitorId, and cermResMonitorPolicyName.

The cermResMonitorPolicyTable defines the following object:

cermResMonitorPolicyName

ERM Configuration MIB Objects

You can use the ERM Configuration MIB objects to perform the following tasks:

Creating, Modifying, or Deleting a Resource Policy

Configuring Threshold Values and Intervals for Resource Owner Sub-types in a Resource Policy

Creating or Deleting a Resource Group

Creating or Deleting a User Instance in a Resource Group

Applying an Existing Resource Policy to a Resource User or Group

Table 2 describes the ERM Configuration MIB objects.

Table 2 ERM Configuration MIB Objects

ERM Configuration MIB Objects
Purpose

cermScalarsGlobalPolicyName (scalar object)

Identifies and indicates the global resource policy applied in the system.

cermConfigPolicyTable

Creates, modifies, or deletes a resource policy.

cermConfigPolicyResOwnerThreshTable

Configures threshold values and intervals for resource owner sub-types.

cermConfigResGroupTable

Creates or deletes a resource group.

cermConfigResGroupUserTable

Creates or deletes a user instance in a resource group.

cermConfigPolicyApplyTable

Applies an existing resource policy to a resource user or group.


Verifying Whether a Global Resource Policy is Applied in the System

You can use the scalar object cermScalarsGlobalPolicyName to impose and indicate if a global resource policy is applied in the system. If no global resource policy is applied in the system, then this object will contain empty string. This object has read-write access permission. Setting this scalar object to an existing global resource policy name, will result in applying the global resource policy to the system.

Creating, Modifying, or Deleting a Resource Policy

You can use cermConfigPolicyTable to create, modify, or delete a resource policy. The index entry for this object is cermPolicyName.

The cermConfigPolicyTable defines the following objects:

cermPolicyName

cermPolicyIsGlobal

cermPolicyUserTypeName

cermPolicyLoggingEnabled

cermPolicySnmpNotifEnabled

cermPolicyStorageType

cermPolicyRowStatus

Configuring Threshold Values and Intervals for Resource Owner Sub-types in a Resource Policy

You can use cermConfigPolicyResOwnerThreshTable to configure rising or falling threshold values and rising or falling intervals for resource owner sub-types in a resource policy. This object is an extension of the cermConfigPolicyTable.

The index entries for cermConfigPolicyResOwnerThreshTable are cermPolicyName, cermPolicyPhysicalIndex, cermConfigPolicyResOwnerSubEntityId, cermConfigPolicyResOwnerId, cermConfigPolicyResOwnerSubTypeId, ermConfigPolicyIsUserGlobal, and cermConfigPolicyThresholdLevel.

The cermConfigPolicyResOwnerThreshTable defines the following objects:

cermPolicyPhysicalIndex

cermConfigPolicyResOwnerSubEntityId

cermPolicyResOwnerId

cermPolicyResOwnerSubTypeId

cermPolicyIsUserGlobal

cermPolicyThresholdLevel

cermPolicyRisingThreshold

cermPolicyRisingInterval

cermPolicyFallingThreshold

cermPolicyFallingInterval

cermPolicyResOwnerThreshStorageType

cermPolicyResOwnerRowStatus

Creating or Deleting a Resource Group

You can use cermConfigResGroupTable to create or delete a resource group in the system. The index entry for this object is cermConfigResGroupName.

The cermConfigResGroupTable defines the following objects:

cermConfigResGroupName

cermConfigResGroupUserTypeName

cermConfigResGroupStorageType

cermConfigResGroupRowStatus

Creating or Deleting a User Instance in a Resource Group

You can use cermConfigResGroupUserTable to create or delete a user instance in a given resource group. This object is an extension of the cermConfigResGroupTable.

The index entries for cermConfigResGroupUserTable are cermConfigResGroupName and cermConfigResGroupUserName.

The cermConfigResGroupUserTable defines the following objects:

cermConfigResGroupUserName

cermConfigResGroupUserStorageType

cermConfigResGroupUserRowStatus

Applying an Existing Resource Policy to a Resource User or Group

You can use cermConfigPolicyApplyTable to apply an existing resource policy to a resource user or resource group. The index entries for this object are cermPolicyApplyUserOrGroupName and cermPolicyApplyUserOrGroupFlag.

The cermConfigPolicyApplyTable defines the following objects:

cermPolicyApplyUserOrGroupName

cermPolicyApplyUserOrGroupFlag

cermPolicyApplyPolicyName

cermPolicyApplyStorageType

cermPolicyApplyRowStatus

ERM Notification MIB Objects

You can configure ERM Notification MIB objects to receive global or user-specific notification on policy violation. There are three types of ERM Notification MIB objects.

Table 3 describes the ERM Notification MIB objects.

Table 3 ERM Notification MIB Objects

ERM Notification MIB Objects
Purpose

cermNotifsEnabled

Enables ERM notifications.

ciscoErmGlobalPolicyViolation

Specifies the type of notification received on global policy violation.

ciscoErmLocalPolicyViolation

Specifies the type of user-specific notification received on local policy violation.


Controlling the Generation of Traps for ERM Policy Violation Notifications

You can use cermNotifsEnabled to determine if the generation of traps for ERM policy violation notifications is allowed.

When this object is set to true, it allows generation of traps for the ERM policy violation related notifications ciscoErmGlobalPolicyViolation and ciscoErmLocalPolicyViolation.

Receiving a Global Notification on Policy Violation

You can use ciscoErmGlobPolicyViolation to receive global notification on policy violation.

The notification object ciscoErmGlobPolicyViolation defines the following objects:

cermResOwnerName

cermResOwnerSubTypeName

cermNotifsThresholdSeverity

cermNotifsThresholdValue

cermNotifsDirection

cermNotifsPolicyName

Receiving a User-Specific Notification on Policy Violation

You can use ciscoErmUserPolicyViolation to receive a user-specific notification on policy violation.

The notification object ciscoErmUserPolicyViolation contains the following objects:

cermResOwnerName

cermResOwnerSubTypeName

cermResUserTypeName

cermResUserName

cermResUserOrGroupThreshFlag

cermNotifsThresholdIsUserGlob

cermNotifsThresholdSeverity

cermNotifsThresholdValue

cermNotifsDirection

cermNotifsPolicyName

How to Configure ERM-MIB

This section contains the following procedures:

Enabling ERM-MIB Notification Traps (required)

Configuring the Router to Send SNMP Notification Traps for ERM to a Host (required)

Enabling ERM-MIB Notification Traps

You can enable ERM-MIB notification traps, which are generated when resource usage exceeds the threshold value. The ERM-MIB notification traps will be sent to the host that is configured to receive traps.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. snmp-server enable traps resource-policy

4. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

snmp-server enable traps resource-policy

Example:

Router(config)# snmp-server enable traps resource-policy

Enables CISCO-ERM-MIB notifications.

Step 4 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

Returns the router to privileged EXEC mode.

Configuring the Router to Send SNMP Notification Traps for ERM to a Host

Perform this task to enable the router to send SNMP notifications traps defined in ERM-MIB to a host.

Prerequisites

SNMP must be enabled on your network.

Create an SNMP server community to receive information on MIB objects and traps using the snmp-server community command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show running-config [options]

3. configure terminal

4. snmp-server host {hostname | ip-address} [vrf vrf-name] [traps | informs] [version {1 | 2c | 3 [auth | noauth | priv]}] community-string [udp-port port] [notification-type]

5. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

show running-config [options]

Example:

Router# show running-config

Displays the running configuration to determine if an SNMP agent is already running.

If no SNMP information is displayed, continue with the next step. If any SNMP information is displayed, you can modify the information or change it as needed.

Step 3 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 4 

snmp-server host {hostname | ip-address} [vrf 
vrf-name] [traps | informs] [version {1 | 2c | 
3 [auth | noauth | priv]}] community-string 
[udp-port port] [notification-type]
Example:

Router(config)# snmp-server host 209.165.201.30 traps version 2c priv mycommunitystring isis

Specifies the recipient (target host) for ERM SNMP notification operations.

Step 5 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

Returns the router to privileged EXEC mode.

Configuration Examples for ERM-MIB

This section provides the following configuration example:

Configuring the Router to Send SNMP Notifications for ERM to a Host: Example

Configuring the Router to Send SNMP Notifications for ERM to a Host: Example

The following example shows how to configure the router to send SNMP notifications for ERM to a host:

Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# snmp-server community public rw
Router(config)# snmp-server enable traps resource-policy
Router(config)# snmp-server host 209.165.201.30 version 2c public
Router(config)# end

Additional References

The following sections provide references related to the ERM-MIB feature.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

Embedded Resource Manager

Embedded Resource Manager

Network Management commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS Network Management Command Reference


Standards

Standard
Title

None


MIBs

MIB
MIBs Link

CISCO-ERM-MIB.my

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFC
Title

RFC 1902

Structure of Management Information for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html


Feature Information for ERM-MIB

Table 4 lists the features in this module and provides links to specific configuration information. Only features that were introduced or modified in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRB and Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M or later releases appear in the table.

Not all commands may be available in your Cisco IOS software release. For release information about a specific command, see the command reference documentation.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 4 lists only the Cisco IOS software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given Cisco IOS software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that Cisco IOS software release train also support that feature.


Table 4 Feature Information for ERM-MIB  

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

Embedded Resource Manager (ERM)-MIB

12.2(33)SB
12.2(33)SRB
12.4(15)T

The ERM-MIB feature introduces MIB support for the Embedded Resource Manager (ERM) feature. The ERM-MIB feature allows you to monitor the usage of resources by gathering resource usage information using MIB objects. The network manager can use the information collected by the ERM-MIB objects to ensure the optimal use of the resources.

The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature: snmp-server enable traps resource-policy