Cisco IOS Voice Command Reference - K through R
periodic-report interval through pulse-digit-detection
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periodic-report interval through pulse-digit-detection

Contents

periodic-report interval through pulse-digit-detection

periodic-report interval

To configure periodic reporting parameters for gateway resource entities, use the periodic-report intervalcommand in voice-class configuration mode. To disable the periodic reporting parameters configuration, use the no form of this command.

periodic-report interval seconds

no periodic-report interval seconds

Syntax Description

seconds

Periodic interval, in seconds. The range is from 30 to 21600.

Command Default

The periodic interval report parameters are disabled.

Command Modes


Voice-class configuration mode (config-class)

Command History

Release

Modification

15.1(2)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the periodic-report interval command to periodically report the status of the monitoring resources to the external entity. The triggering takes place based on the preconfigured interval value. You can use the statistics collected by this method of reporting to collect information on resource usage.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure a resource group to trigger reporting every 180 seconds:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# voice class resource-group 1
Router(config-class)# periodic-report interval 180

Related Commands

Command

Description

debug rai

Enables debugging for Resource Allocation Indication (RAI).

rai target

Configures the SIP RAI mechanism.

resource (voice)

Configures parameters for monitoring resources, use the resource command in voice-class configuration mode.

show voice class resource-group

Displays the resource group configuration information for a specific resource group or all resource groups.

voice class resource-group

Enters voice-class configuration mode and assigns an identification tag number for a resource group.

permit hostname (SIP)

To store hostnames used during validatation of initial incoming INVITE messages, use the permit hostname command in SIP-ua configuration mode. To remove a stored hostname, use the no form of this command.

permit hostname dns: domain-name

no permit hostname

Syntax Description

dns: domain-name

Domain name in DNS format. Domain names can be up to 30 characters in length; domain names exceeding 30 characters will be truncated.

Command Modes


SIP-ua configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(9)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The permit hostname command allows you to specify hostnames in FQDN (fully qualified domain name) format used during validation of incoming initial INVITE messages. The length of the hostname can be up to 30 characters; hostnames exceeding 30 characters will be truncated. You can store up to 10 hostnames by repeating the permit hostname command.

Once configured, initial INVITEs with a hostname in the requested Universal Resource Identifier (URI) are compared to the configured list of hostnames. If there is a match, the INVITE is processed; if there is a mismatch, a "400 Bad Request - Invalid Host" is sent, and the call is rejected.


Note


Before Software Release 12.4(9)T, hostnames in incoming INVITE-request messages were only validated when they were in IPv4 format; now you can specify hostnames in fully qualified domain name (FQDN) format.


Examples

The following example show you how to set the hostname to sip.example.com:

Router(config)# sip-ua
Router(conf-sip-ua)# permit hostname dns:sip.example.com

phone context

To filter out uniform resource identifiers (URIs) that do not contain a phone-context field that matches the configured pattern, use the phone context command in voice URI class configuration mode. To remove the pattern, use the no form of this command.

phone context phone-context-pattern

no phone context

Syntax Description

phone-context-pattern

Cisco IOS regular expression pattern to match against the phone context field in a SIP or TEL URI. Can be up to 32 characters.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes


Voice URI class configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.3(4)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

  • Use this command with at least one other pattern-matching command, such as host, phone number, or user-id; using it alone does not result in any matches on the voice class.
  • You cannot use this command if you use the pattern command in the voice class. The pattern command matches on the entire URI, whereas this command matches only a specific field.

Examples

The following example sets a match on the phone context in the URI voice class:

voice class uri 10 tel
 phone number ^408
 phone context 555

Related Commands

Command

Description

destination uri

Specifies the voice class to use for matching the destination URI that is supplied by a voice application.

host

Matches a call based on the host field in a SIP URI.

incoming uri

Specifies the voice class used to match a VoIP dial peer to the URI of an incoming call.

pattern

Matches a call based on the entire SIP or TEL URI.

phone number

Matches a call based on the phone number field in a TEL URI.

show dialplan incall uri

Displays which dial peer is matched for a specific URI in an incoming voice call.

show dialplan uri

Displays which outbound dial peer is matched for a specific destination URI.

user-id

Matches a call based on the user-id field in the SIP URI.

voice class uri

Creates or modifies a voice class for matching dial peers to calls containing a SIP or TEL URI.

phone number

To match a call based on the phone-number field in a telephone (TEL) uniform resource identifier (URI), use the phone number command in voice URI class configuration mode. To remove the pattern, use the no form of this command.

phone number phone-number-pattern

no phone number

Syntax Description

phone-number-pattern

Cisco IOS regular expression pattern to match against the phone-number field in a TEL URI. Can be up to 32 characters.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes


Voice URI class configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.3(4)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

  • Use this command only in a voice class for TEL URIs.
  • You cannot use this command if you use the pattern command in the voice class. The pattern command matches on the entire URI, whereas this command matches only a specific field.

Examples

The following example defines a voice class that matches on the phone number field in a TEL URI:

voice class uri r101 tel
 phone number ^408

Related Commands

Command

Description

debug voice uri

Displays debugging messages related to URI voice classes.

destination uri

Specifies the voice class to use for matching the destination URI that is supplied by a voice application.

incoming uri

Specifies the voice class used to match a VoIP dial peer to the URI of an incoming call.

pattern

Matches a call based on the entire SIP or TEL URI.

phone context

Filters out URIs that do not contain a phone-context field that matches the configured pattern.

voice class uri

Creates or modifies a voice class for matching dial peers to calls containing a SIP or TEL URI.

pickup direct

To define a feature code for a Feature Access Code (FAC) to access Pickup Direct on an analog phone, use the pickup directcommand in STC application feature access-code configuration mode. To return the code to its default, use the no form of this command.

pickup direct keypad-character

no pickup direct

Syntax Description

keypad-character

Character string that can be dialed on a telephone keypad (0-9, *, #). Default: 6.

Before Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA, this is a single character. In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, the string can be any of the following:

  • A single character (0-9, *, #)
  • Two digits (00-99)
  • Two to four characters (0-9, *, #) and the leading or ending character must be an asterisk (*) or number sign (#)

Command Default

The default value is 6.

Command Modes


STC application feature access-code configuration (config-stcapp-fac)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(2)T

This command was introduced.

12.4(20)YA

The length of the keypad-character argument was changed to 1 to 4 characters.

12.4(22)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(22)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command changes the value of the feature code for Pickup Direct from the default (6) to the specified value.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if the length of the keypad-character argument is at least two characters and the leading or ending character of the string is an asterisk (*) or a number sign (#), phone users are not required to dial a prefix to access this feature. Typically, phone users dial a feature access code (FAC) consisting of a prefix plus a feature code, for example **6. If the feature code is 78#, the phone user dials only 78#, without the FAC prefix, to access the corresponding feature.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if you attempt to configure this command with a value that is already configured for another feature code, a speed-dial code, or the Redial FSD, you receive a message. If you configure a duplicate code, the system implements the first matching feature in the order of precedence shown in the output of the show stcapp feature codes command.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if you attempt to configure this command with a value that precludes or is precluded by another FAC, a speed-dial code, or the Redial FSD, you receive a message. If you configure a feature code to a value that precludes or is precluded by another code, the system always executes the call feature with the shortest code and ignores the longer code. For example, #1 will always preclude #12 and #123. You must configure a new value for the precluded code in order to enable phone user access to that feature.

To display a list of all FACs, use the show stcapp feature codes command.


Note


This FAC is not supported by Cisco Unified Communications Manager.


Examples

The following example shows how to change the value of the feature code for Pickup Direct from the default (6). This configuration also changes the value of the prefix for all FACs from the default (**) to ##. With this configuration, a phone user must press ##3 on the keypad and then the ringing extension number to pick up an incoming call.

Router(config)# stcapp feature access-code
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# prefix ##
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# pickup direct 3
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# exit
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

pickup group

Defines a feature code for a feature access code (FAC) to Group Call Pickup from another group.

pickup local

Defines a feature code for a feature access code (FAC) to Group Call Pickup from the local group.

prefix (stcapp-fac)

Defines the prefix for feature access codes (FACs).

show stcapp feature codes

Displays all feature access codes (FACs).

stcapp feature access-code

Enables feature access codes (FACs) in STC application and enters STC application feature access-code configuration mode for changing values of the prefix and features codes from the default.

pickup group

To define a feature code for a feature access code (FAC) to access Group Call Pickup on an analog phone, use the pickup group command in STC application feature access-code configuration mode. To return the code to its default, use the no form of this command.

pickup group keypad-character

no pickup group

Syntax Description

keypad-character

Character string that can be dialed on a telephone keypad (0-9, *, #). Default: 4.

Before Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA, this is a single character. In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, the string can be any of the following:

  • A single character (0-9, *, #)
  • Two digits (00-99)
  • Two to four characters (0-9, *, #) and the leading or ending character must be an asterisk (*) or number sign (#)

Command Default

The default value is 4.

Command Modes


STC application feature access-code configuration (config-stcapp-fac)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(2)T

This command was introduced.

12.4(20)YA

The length of the keypad-character argument was changed to 1 to 4 characters.

12.4(22)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(22)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command changes the value of the feature code for Pickup Direct from the default (4) to the specified value.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if the length of the keypad-character argument is at least two characters and the leading or ending character of the string is an asterisk (*) or a number sign (#), phone users are not required to dial a prefix to access this feature. Typically, phone users dial a special feature access code (FAC) consisting of a prefix plus a feature code, for example **4. If the feature code is 78#, the phone user dials only 78#, without the FAC prefix, to access the corresponding feature.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if you attempt to configure this command with a value that is already configured for another feature code, a speed-dial code, or the Redial FSD, you receive a message. If you configure a duplicate code, the system implements the first matching feature in the order of precedence shown in the output of the show stcapp feature codes command.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if you attempt to configure this command with a value that precludes or is precluded by another feature code, a speed-dial code, or the Redial FSD, you receive a message. If you configure a feature code to a value that precludes or is precluded by another code, the system always executes the call feature with the shortest code and ignores the longer code. For example, #1 will always preclude #12 and #123. You must configure a new value for the precluded code in order to enable phone user access to that feature.

To display a list of all FACs, use the show stcapp feature codes command.

Examples

The following example shows how to change the value of the feature code for Pickup Direct from the default (4). This configuration also changes the value of the prefix for all FACs from the default (**) to ##. After these values are configured, a phone user must press ##3 on the keypad, then the pickup-group number for the ringing extension number to pick up the incoming call.

Router(config)# stcapp feature access-code
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# prefix ##
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# pickup direct 3
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# exit
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

pickup direct

Defines a feature code for a feature access code (FAC) for Direct Call Pickup of a ringing extension number.

pickup local

Defines a feature code for a feature access code (FAC) for Group Call Pickup to pick up an incoming call from the local group.

prefix (stcapp-fac)

Defines the prefix for feature access codes (FACs).

show stcapp feature codes

Displays all feature access codes (FACs).

stcapp feature access-code

Enables feature access codes (FACs) and enters STC application feature access-code configuration mode for changing values of the prefix and features codes from the default.

pickup local

To define a a feature code for a Feature Access Code (FAC) to access Group Call Pickup for a local group on an analog phone, use the pickup local command in STC application feature access-code configuration mode. To return the code to its default, use the no form of this command.

pickup local keypad-character

no pickup local

Syntax Description

keypad-character

Character string that can be dialed on a telephone keypad. Default: 3.

Before Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA, this is a single character. In Cisco IOS Release 12.5(20)YA and later releases, the string can be any o the following:

  • A single character (0-9, *, #)
  • Two digits (00-99)
  • Two to four characters (0-9, *, #) and the leading or ending character must be an asterisk (*) or number sign (#)

Command Default

The default value is 3.

Command Modes


STC application feature access-code configuration (config-stcapp-fac)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(2)T

This command was introduced.

12.4(20)YA

The length of the keypad-character argument was changed to 1 to 4 characters.

12.4(22)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(22)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command changes the value of the feature code for Local Group Pickup from the default (3) to the specified value.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if the length of the keypad-character argument is at least two characters and the leading or ending character of the string is an asterisk (*) or a number sign (#), phone users are not required to dial a prefix to access this feature. Typically, phone users dial a special feature access code (FAC) consisting of a prefix plus a feature code, for example **3. If the feature code is 78#, the phone user dials only 78#, without the FAC prefix, to access the corresponding feature.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if you attempt to configure this command with a value that is already configured for another feature code or speed-dial code, or for the Redial FSD, you receive a message. If you configure a duplicate code, the system implements the first matching feature in the order of precedence shown in the output of the show stcapp feature codes command.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)YA and later releases, if you attempt to configure this command with a value that precludes or is precluded by another feature code or speed-dial code, or by the Redial FSD, you receive a message. If you configure a feature code to a value that precludes or is precluded by another code, the system always executes the call feature with the shortest code and ignores the longer code. For example, #1 will always preclude #12 and #123. You must configure a new value for the precluded code in order to enable phone user access to that feature.

To display a list of all FACs, use the show stcapp feature codes command.

Examples

The following example shows how to change the value of the feature code for Pickup Direct from the default (3). This configuration also changes the value of the prefix for all FACs from the default (**) to ##. With this configuration, a phone user must press ##9 on the keypad to pick up an incoming call in the same group as this extension number.

Router(config)# stcapp feature access-code
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# prefix ##
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# pickup local 9
Router(config-stcapp-fac)# exit
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

pickup direct

Defines a feature code for a feature access code (FAC) for Direct Call Pickup of a ringing extension number.

pickup group

Defines a feature code for a feature access code (FAC) for Group Call Pickup to pick up an incoming call from another group.

prefix (stcapp-fac)

Defines the prefix for feature access codes (FACs).

show stcapp feature codes

Displays all feature access codes (FACs).

stcapp feature access-code

Enables feature access codes (FACs) in STC application and enters STC application feature access-code configuration mode for changing values of the prefix and features codes from the default.

playout-delay (dial peer)

To tune the playout buffer on digital signal processors (DSPs) to accommodate packet jitter caused by switches in the WAN, use the playout-delay command in dial peer configuration mode. To reset the playout buffer to the default, use the no form of this command.

playout-delay { fax milliseconds | maximum milliseconds | minimum { default | low | high } | nominal milliseconds }

no playout-delay { fax | maximum | minimum | nominal }

Syntax Description

fax milliseconds

Amount of playout delay that the jitter buffer should apply to fax calls, in milliseconds. Range is from 0 to 700. Default is 300.

maximum milliseconds

(Adaptive mode only) Upper limit of the jitter buffer, or the highest value to which the adaptive delay is set, in milliseconds.

Range is from 40 to 1700, although this value depends on the type of DSP and how the voice card is configured for codec complexity. (See the codec complexity command.) Default is 200.

If the voice card is configured for high codec complexity, the highest value that can be configured for maximum for compressed codecs is 250 ms. For medium-complexity codec configurations, the highest maximum value is 150 ms.

Voice hardware that does not support the voice card complexity configuration (such as analog voice modules for the Cisco 3600 series router) has an upper limit of 200 ms.

minimum

(Adaptive mode only) Lower limit of the jitter buffer, or the lowest value to which the adaptive delay is set, in milliseconds. Values are as follows:

  • default -- 40 ms. Use when there are normal jitter conditions in the network. This is the default.
  • low -- 10 ms. Use when there are low jitter conditions in the network.
  • high -- 40 ms. Use when there are high jitter conditions in the network.

nominal milliseconds

Amount of playout delay applied at the beginning of a call by the jitter buffer in the gateway, in milliseconds. In fixed mode, this is also the maximum size of the jitter buffer throughout the call.

Range is from 0 to 1500, although this value depends on the type of DSP and how the voice card is configured for codec complexity. Default is 60.

For non-conference calls when you are using DSPware version 4.1.33 or a later version, the following values are allowed.

  • If the voice card is configured for high codec complexity, the highest value that can be configured for the nominal keyword for compressed codecs is 200 ms.
  • For medium-complexity codec configurations, the highest nominal value is 150 ms.

nominal milliseconds (continued)

For conference calls when you are using DSPware version 4.1.33 or a later version, the following values are allowed:

  • The first decoder stream can be assigned a nominal value as high as 200 ms (high-complexity codec) or 150 ms (medium-complexity codec).
  • Subsequent decoder streams are limited to the highest nominal value of 150 ms (high-complexity) or 80 ms (medium-complexity).

When the playout-delay mode is configured for fixed operation and setting the expected jitter buffer size with the nominal value, the minimum effective value for the playout delay will depend on the codec in use and the configured minimum value.

  • When the playout-delay minimum low is configured the minimum actual jitter buffer size will be 30ms even when setting the nominal to a value lower than 30msec.
  • When the playout-delay minimum default, the minimum jitter buffer size when running in fixed mode will be 60ms.

When fixed mode is configured, there is a 10msec added to the nominal value when setting the jitter buffer when configured for G.729 and a 5ms added using G.711

Voice hardware that does not support the voice-card complexity configuration (such as analog voice modules for the Cisco 3600 series router) has an upper limit of 200 ms for the first decoder stream and 150 ms for subsequent decoder streams.

Note   

With DSPware versions earlier than 4.1.33, the highest nominal value that can be configured is 150 ms for high-complexity codec configurations and analog modules. The highest nominal value for medium-complexity codec configurations is 80 ms.

Command Default

fax --300 millisecondsmaximum--200 millisecondsminimum--default (40 milliseconds)nominal--60 milliseconds

Command Modes


Dial peer configuration (config-dial-peer)

Command History

Release

Modification

11.3(1)MA

This command was introduced on the Cisco MC3810.

12.0(7)XK

This command was implemented on the Cisco 2600 series and Cisco 3600 series.

12.1(2)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.1(2)T.

12.1(3)XI

This command was implemented on the Cisco ICS7750.

12.1(5)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T. Support for dial peer configuration mode was added on the following platforms: Cisco 2600 series, Cisco 3600 series, Cisco 7200 series, Cisco MC3810, Cisco AS5200, Cisco AS5300, Cisco AS5400, and Cisco AS5800. The minimum keyword was introduced.

12.2(13)T

The fax keyword was introduced.

12.2(13)T8

DSPware version 4.1.33 was implemented.

Usage Guidelines

Before Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T, this command was used in voice-port configuration mode. For Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T and later releases, in most cases playout delay should be configured in dial-peer configuration mode on the Voice over IP (VoIP) dial peer that is on the receiving end of the voice traffic that is to be buffered. This dial peer senses network conditions and relays them to the DSPs, which adjust the jitter buffer as necessary. When multiple applications are configured on the gateway, playout delay should be configured in dial-peer configuration mode. When there are numerous dial peers to configure, it might be simpler to configure playout delay on a voice port. If conflicting playout-delay values have been configured on a voice port and on a dial peer, the dial-peer configuration takes precedence.

Playout delay is the amount of time that elapses between the time at which a voice packet is received at the jitter buffer on the DSP and the time at which it is played out to the codec. In most networks with normal jitter conditions, the defaults are adequate and you will not need to configure this command.

In situations in which you want to improve voice quality by reducing jitter or you want to reduce network delay, you can configure playout-delay parameters. The parameters are slightly different for each of the two playout-delay modes, adaptive and fixed (see the playout-delay mode command).

In adaptive mode, the average delay for voice packets varies depending on the amount of interarrival variation that packets have as the call progresses. The jitter buffer grows and shrinks to compensate for jitter and to keep voice packets playing out smoothly, within the maximum and minimum limits that have been configured. The maximum limit establishes the highest value to which the adaptive delay is set. The minimum limit is the low-end threshold for the delay of incoming packets by the adaptive jitter buffer. Algorithms in the DSPs that control the growth and shrinkage of the jitter buffer are weighted toward the improvement of voice quality at the expense of network delay: jitter buffer size increases rapidly in response to spikes in network transmissions and decreases slowly in response to reduced congestion.

In fixed mode, the nominal value is the amount of playout delay applied at the beginning of a call by the jitter buffer in the gateway and is also the maximum size of the jitter buffer throughout the call.

As a general rule, if there is excessive breakup of voice due to jitter with the default playout-delay settings, increase playout delay times. If your network is small and jitter is minimal, decrease playout-delay times for a smaller overall delay.

When there is bursty jitter in the network, voice quality can be degraded even though the jitter buffer is actually adjusting the playout delay correctly. The constant readjustment of playout delay to erratic network conditions causes voice quality problems that are usually alleviated by increasing the minimum playout delay-value in adaptive mode or by increasing the nominal delay for fixed mode.

Use the show call active voice command to display the current delay, as well as high- and low-water marks for delay during a call. Other fields that can help determine the size of a jitter problem are ReceiveDelay, GapFillWith..., LostPackets, EarlyPackets, and LatePackets. The following is sample output from the show call active voice command:

VOIP:
 ConnectionId[0xECDE2E7B 0xF46A003F 0x0 0x47070A4]
 IncomingConnectionId[0xECDE2E7B 0xF46A003F 0x0 0x47070A4]
 RemoteIPAddress=192.168.100.101
 RemoteUDPPort=18834
 RoundTripDelay=26 ms
 SelectedQoS=best-effort
 tx_DtmfRelay=inband-voice
 FastConnect=TRUE
 Separate H245 Connection=FALSE
 H245 Tunneling=FALSE
 SessionProtocol=cisco
 SessionTarget=
 OnTimeRvPlayout=417000
 GapFillWithSilence=850 ms
 GapFillWithPrediction=2590 ms
 GapFillWithInterpolation=0 ms
 GapFillWithRedundancy=0 ms
 HiWaterPlayoutDelay=70 ms
 LoWaterPlayoutDelay=29 ms
 ReceiveDelay=39 ms
 LostPackets=0
 EarlyPackets=0
 LatePackets=86

Examples

The following example uses default adaptive mode with a minimum playout delay of 10 ms and a maximum playout delay of 60 ms on VoIP dial peer 80. The size of the jitter buffer is adjusted up and down on the basis of the amount of jitter that the DSP finds, but is never smaller than 10 ms and never larger than 60 ms.

dial-peer 80 voip
 playout-delay minimum low
 playout-delay maximum 60

Related Commands

Command

Description

codec complexity

Specifies call density and codec complexity based on the codec standard you are using.

playout-delay (voice-port)

Tunes the playout buffer to accommodate packet jitter caused by switches in the WAN.

playout -delay mode

Selects fixed or adaptive mode for the jitter buffer on DSPs.

show call active voice

Displays active call information for voice calls.

playout-delay (voice-port)

To tune the playout buffer to accommodate packet jitter caused by switches in the WAN, use the playout-delay command in voice-port configuration mode. To reset the playout buffer to the default, use the no form of this command.

playout-delay { fax | maximum | nominal } milliseconds

no playout-delay { fax | maximum | nominal }

Syntax Description

fax milliseconds

Amount of playout delay that the jitter buffer should apply to fax calls, in milliseconds. Range is from 0 to 700. Default is 300.

maximum milliseconds

Delay time that the digital signal processor (DSP) allows before starting to discard voice packets, in milliseconds. Range is from 40 to 320. Default is 160.

nominal milliseconds

Initial (and minimum allowed) delay time that the DSP inserts before playing out voice packets, in milliseconds. Range is from 40 to 200. Default is 80.

Command Default

fax --300 millisecondsmaximum--160 millisecondsnominal--80 milliseconds

Command Modes


Voice-port configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

11.3(1)MA

This command was introduced on the Cisco MC3810.

12.0(7)XK

This command was implemented on the Cisco 2600 series and Cisco 3600 series.

12.1(2)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.1(2)T.

12.2(13)T

The fax keyword was added.

Usage Guidelines

If there is excessive breakup of voice due to jitter with the default playout delay settings, increase the delay times. If your network is small and jitter is minimal, decrease the delay times to reduce delay.

Before Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T, the playout-delay command was configured in voice-port configuration mode. For Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T and later releases, in most cases playout delay should be configured in dial-peer configuration mode on the Voice over IP (VoIP) dial peer that is on the receiving end of the voice traffic that is to be buffered. This dial peer senses network conditions and relays them to the DSPs, which adjust the jitter buffer as necessary. When multiple applications are configured on the gateway, playout delay should be configured in dial-peer configuration mode. When there are numerous dial peers to configure, it might be simpler to configure playout delay on a voice port. If conflicting playout-delay values have been configured on a voice port and on a dial peer, the dial-peer configuration takes precedence.

Playout delay is the amount of time that elapses between the time at which a voice packet is received at the jitter buffer on the DSP and the time at which it is played out to the codec. In most networks with normal jitter conditions, the defaults are adequate and you will not need to configure the playout-delay command.

In situations in which you want to improve voice quality by reducing jitter or you want to reduce network delay, you can configure playout-delay parameters. The parameters are slightly different for each of the two playout-delay modes, adaptive and fixed (see the playout-delay mode command).

In adaptive mode, the average delay for voice packets varies depending on the amount of interarrival variation that packets have as the call progresses. The jitter buffer grows and shrinks to compensate for jitter and to keep voice packets playing out smoothly, within the maximum and minimum limits that have been configured. The maximum limit establishes the highest value to which the adaptive delay will be set. The minimum limit is the low-end threshold for incoming packet delay that is created by the adaptive jitter buffer. Algorithms in the DSPs that control the growth and shrinkage of the jitter buffer are weighted toward the improvement of voice quality at the expense of network delay: jitter buffer size increases rapidly in response to spikes in network transmissions and decreases slowly in response to reduced congestion.

In fixed mode, the nominal value is the amount of playout delay applied at the beginning of a call by the jitter buffer in the gateway and is also the maximum size of the jitter buffer throughout the call.

As a general rule, if there is excessive breakup of voice due to jitter with the default playout-delay settings, increase playout-delay times. If your network is small and jitter is minimal, decrease playout-delay times for a smaller overall delay.

When there is bursty jitter in the network, voice quality can be degraded even though the jitter buffer is actually adjusting the playout delay correctly. The constant readjustment of playout delay to erratic network conditions causes voice quality problems that are usually alleviated by increasing the minimum playout-delay value in adaptive mode or by increasing the nominal delay for fixed mode.


Note


The minimum limit for playout delay is configured using the playout-delay (dial peer) command.


Use the show call active voice command to display the current delay, as well as high- and low-water marks for delay during a call. Other fields that can help determine the size of a jitter problem are GapFillWith..., ReceiveDelay, LostPackets, EarlyPackets, and LatePackets. The following is sample output from the show call active voice command:

VOIP:
 ConnectionId[0xECDE2E7B 0xF46A003F 0x0 0x47070A4]
 IncomingConnectionId[0xECDE2E7B 0xF46A003F 0x0 0x47070A4]
 RemoteIPAddress=192.168.100.101
 RemoteUDPPort=18834
 RoundTripDelay=26 ms
 SelectedQoS=best-effort
 tx_DtmfRelay=inband-voice
 FastConnect=TRUE
 Separate H245 Connection=FALSE
 H245 Tunneling=FALSE
 SessionProtocol=cisco
 SessionTarget=
 OnTimeRvPlayout=417000
 GapFillWithSilence=850 ms
 GapFillWithPrediction=2590 ms
 GapFillWithInterpolation=0 ms
 GapFillWithRedundancy=0 ms
 HiWaterPlayoutDelay=70 ms
 LoWaterPlayoutDelay=29 ms
 ReceiveDelay=39 ms
 LostPackets=0
 EarlyPackets=0
 LatePackets=86

Examples

The following example sets nominal playout delay to 80 ms and maximum playout delay to 160 ms on voice port 1/0/0:

voice-port 1/0/0
 
playout-delay nominal 80
 playout-delay maximum 160

Related Commands

Command

Description

playout -delay (dial peer)

Tunes the playout buffer on DSPs to accommodate packet jitter caused by switches in the WAN.

playout -delay mode

Selects fixed or adaptive mode for playout delay from the jitter buffer on digital signal processors.

show call active

Shows active call information for voice calls or fax transmissions in progress.

vad

Enables voice activity detection.

playout-delay mode (dial-peer)

To select fixed or adaptive mode for playout delay from the jitter buffer on digital signal processors (DSPs), use the playout-delay mode command in dial-peer configuration mode. To reset to the default, use the no form of this command.

playout-delay mode { adaptive | fixed }

no playout-delay mode

Syntax Description

adaptive

Jitter buffer size and amount of playout delay are adjusted during a call, on the basis of current network conditions.

fixed

Jitter buffer size does not adjust during a call; a constant playout delay is added.

Command Default

Adaptive jitter buffer size

Command Modes


Dial-peer configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.1(5)T

This command was introduced on the following platforms: Cisco 2600 series, Cisco 3600 series, Cisco MC3810, and Cisco ICS 7750. The no-timestamps keyword was removed.

Usage Guidelines

Before Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T, this command was used only in voice-port configuration mode. For Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T and later releases, in most cases playout delay should be configured in dial-peer configuration mode on the VoIP dial peer that is on the receiving end of the voice traffic that is to be buffered. This dial peer senses network conditions and relays them to the DSPs, which adjust the jitter buffer as necessary. When multiple applications are configured on the gateway, playout delay should be configured in dial-peer configuration mode.


Tip


When there are numerous dial peers to configure, it might be simpler to configure playout delay on a voice port. If conflicting playout delay values have been configured on a voice port and on a dial peer, the dial-peer configuration takes precedence.


In most networks with normal jitter conditions, the default is adequate and you do not need to configure this command.

The default is adaptive mode, in which the average delay for voice packets varies depending on the amount of interarrival variation that packets have as the call progresses. The jitter buffer grows and shrinks to compensate for jitter and to keep voice packets playing out smoothly, within the maximum and minimum limits that have been configured.

Select fixed mode only when you understand your network conditions well, and when you have a network with very poor quality of service (QoS) or when you are interworking with a media server or similar transmission source that tends to create a lot of jitter at the transmission source. In most situations it is better to configure adaptive mode and let the DSP size the jitter buffer according to current conditions.

Examples

The following example sets adaptive playout-delay mode with a high (80 ms) minimum delay on a VoIP dial peer 80:

dial-peer 80 voip
 playout-delay mode adaptive
 playout-delay minimum high

Related Commands

Command

Description

playout -delay

Tunes the jitter buffer on DSPs for playout delay of voice packets.

show call active voice

Displays active call information for voice calls.

playout-delay mode (voice-port)

To select fixed or adaptive mode for playout delay from the jitter buffer on digital signal processors (DSPs), use the playout-delay mode command in voice port configuration mode. To reset to the default, use the no form of this command.

playout-delay mode { adaptive | fixed }

no playout-delay mode

Syntax Description

adaptive

Jitter buffer size and amount of playout delay are adjusted during a call, on the basis of current network conditions.

fixed

Jitter buffer size does not adjust during a call; a constant playout delay is added.

Command Default

Adaptive jitter buffer size

Command Modes


Voice-port configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

11.3(1)MA

This command was introduced on the Cisco MC3810.

12.0(7)XK

This command was implemented on the Cisco 2600 and Cisco 3600 series.

12.1(2)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.1(2)T.

12.1(3)XI

Thiscommand was implemented on the Cisco ICS 7750. The keyword mode was introduced.

12.1(5)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T and the no-timestamps keyword was removed.

Usage Guidelines

Before Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T, this command was used only in voice-port configuration mode. For Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T and later releases, in most cases playout delay should be used in dial-peer configuration mode on the VoIP dial peer that is on the receiving end of the voice traffic that is to be buffered. This dial peer senses network conditions and relays them to the DSPs, which adjust the jitter buffer as necessary. When multiple applications are configured on the gateway, playout delay should be configured in dial-peer configuration mode.


Tip


When there are numerous dial peers to configure, it might be simpler to configure playout delay on a voice port. If conflicting playout delay values have been configured on a voice port and on a dial peer, the dial-peer configuration takes precedence.


In most networks with normal jitter conditions, the default is adequate and you do not need to configure the playout-delay mode command.

The default is adaptive mode, in which the average delay for voice packets varies depending on the amount of interarrival variation that packets have as the call progresses. The jitter buffer grows and shrinks to compensate for jitter and to keep voice packets playing out smoothly, within the maximum and minimum limits that have been configured.

Select fixed mode only when you understand your network conditions well, and when you have a network with very poor quality of service (QoS) or when you are interworking with a media server or similar transmission source that tends to create a lot of jitter at the transmission source. In most situations it is better to configure adaptive mode and let the DSP size the jitter buffer according to current conditions.

Examples

The following example sets fixed mode on a Cisco 3640 voice port with a nominal delay of 80 ms.

voice-port 1/1/0
 playout-delay mode fixed
 playout-delay nominal 80

Related Commands

Command

Description

playout -delay

Tunes the jitter buffer on DSPs for playout delay of voice packets.

show call active voice

Displays active call information for voice calls.

police profile

To apply the media bandwidth policing profile to a media class, use the police profile command in media class configuration mode. To disable the configuration, use the no form of this command.

police profile tag

no police profile

Syntax Description

tag

Media profile police tag. The range is from 1 to 10000.

Command Default

The media bandwidth policing profile is not applied to a media class.

Command Modes


        Media class configuration (cfg-mediaclass)
      

Command History

Release

Modification

15.2(2)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Applying the media bandwidth policing profile at the dial peer level involves two actions; applying the profile for a media class and then applying the corresponding media class to a dial peer. Use the police profile command to apply the media bandwidth policing profile to a media class.

Examples

The following example shows how to apply the media bandwidth policing profile to a media class:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# media class 1
Router(cfg-mediaclass)# police profile 1
      

Related Commands

Command

Description

media-class

Applies the media class at the dial peer level.

snmp-server enable traps voice media-policy

Enables SNMP media policy voice traps at the global level.

snmp enable peer-trap media-policy

Enables SNMP media policy voice traps at the dial peer level.

port (Annex G neighbor BE)

To configure the port number of the neighbor that is used for exchanging Annex G messages, use the port command in Annex G Neighbor BE configuration mode. To remove the port number, use the no form of this command.

port neighbor-port

no port

Syntax Description

neighbor -port

Port number of the neighbor. This number is used for exchanging Annex G messages. The default port number is 2099.

Command Default

2099

Command Modes


Annex G Neighbor BE configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(2)XA

This command was introduced.

12.2(4)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(4)T. Support for the Cisco AS5300, Cisco AS5350, and Cisco AS5400 is not included in this release.

12.2(2)XB1

This command was implemented on the Cisco AS5850.

12.2(11)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(11)T. This command is supported on the Cisco AS5300, Cisco AS5350, and Cisco AS5400 in this release.

Usage Guidelines

When cofiguring the no port command the neighbor-portargument is not used.

Examples

The following example sets a neighbor BE to port number 2010.

Router(config-annexg-neigh)# port 2010

Related Commands

Command

Description

advertise (annex g)

Controls the types of descriptors that the BE advertises to its neighbors.

cache

Configures the local BE to cache the descriptors received from its neighbors.

id

Configures the local ID of the neighboring BE.

query -interval

Configures the interval at which the local BE will query the neighboring BE.

port (dial peer)

To associate a dial peer with a specific voice port, use the port command in dial peer configuration mode. To cancel this association, use the no form of this command.

Cisco 1750 and Cisco 3700 Series

port slot-number/port

no port slot-number/port

Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 7200 Series

port { slot-number/subunit-number/port | slot/port:ds0-group-number }

no port { slot-number/subunit-number/port | slot/port:ds0-group-number }

Cisco AS5300 and Cisco AS5800

port controller-number:D

no port controller-number:D

Cisco uBR92x Series

port slot/subunit/port

no port slot/subunit/port

Cisco 1750 and Cisco 3700 Series

Syntax Description

slot -number

Number of the slot in the router in which the voice interface card (VIC) is installed. Valid entries are from 0 to 2, depending on the slot in which the VIC has been installed.

port

Voice port number. Valid entries are 0 and 1.

slot -number

Number of the slot in the router in which the VIC is installed. Valid entries are from 0 to 3, depending on the slot in which it has been installed.

subunit -number

Subunit on the VIC in which the voice port is located. Valid entries are 0 and 1.

port

Voice port number. Valid entries are 0 and 1.

slot

Router location in which the voice port adapter is installed. Valid entries are 0 and 3.

port

Voice interface card location. Valid entries are 0 and 3.

ds0 -group-number

The DS0 group number. Each defined DS0 group number is represented on a separate voice port. This allows you to define individual DS0s on the digital T1/E1 card.

controller -number

The T1 or E1 controller.

:D

Indicates the D channel associated with the ISDN PRI.

slot/subunit/port

The analog voice port. Valid entries for the slot/subunit/port are as follows:

  • slot -- A router slot in which a voice network module (NM) is installed. Valid entries are router slot numbers for the particular platform.
  • subunit -- A VIC in which the voice port is located. Valid entries are 0 and 1. (The VIC fits into the voice network module.)
  • port-- An analog voice port number. Valid entries are 0 and 1.

Command Default

No port is configured.

Command Modes


Dial peer configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

11.3(1)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 3600 series.

11.3(3)T

This command was implemented on the Cisco 2600 series.

11.3(1)MA

This command was implemented on the Cisco MC3810.

12.0(3)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.0(3)T and implemented on the Cisco AS5300.

12.0(4)T

This command was implemented on the Cisco uBR924.

12.0(7)T

This command was implemented on the Cisco AS5800.

12.2(8)T

This command was implemented on the following platforms: Cisco 1751, Cisco 3725, and Cisco 3745.

12.2(13)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(13)T. This command does not support the extended echo canceller (EC) feature on the Cisco AS5300 or the Cisco AS5800.

12.4(22)T

Support for IPv6 was added.

Usage Guidelines

This command enables calls that come from a telephony interface to select an incoming dial peer and for calls that come from the VoIP network to match a port with the selected outgoing dial peer.

This command applies only to POTS peers.


Note


This command does not support the extended EC feature on the Cisco AS5300.


Examples

The following example associates POTS dial peer 10 with voice port 1, which is located on subunit 0 and accessed through port 0:

dial-peer voice 10 pots
 port 1/0/0

The following example associates POTS dial peer 10 with voice port 0:D:

dial-peer voice 10 pots
 port 0:D

The following example associates POTS dial peer 10 with voice port 1/0/0:D (T1 card):

dial-peer voice 10 pots
 port 1/0/0:D

Related Commands

Command

Description

prefix

Specifies the prefix of the dialed digits for a dial peer.

port (MGCP profile)

To associate a voice port with the Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP) profile that is being configured, use the portcommand inMGCP profile configuration mode. To disassociate the voice port from the profile, use the no form of this command.

port port-number

no port port-number

Syntax Description

port -number

Voice port or DS0-group number to be used as an MGCP endpoint associated with an MGCP profile.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes


MGCP profile configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(2)XA

This command was introduced as the voice-port (MGCP profile) command.

12.2(4)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(4)T.

12.2(8)T

This command was renamed the port (MGCP profile) command.

Usage Guidelines

This command is used when values for an MGCP profile are configured.

This command associates a voice port with the MGCP profile that is being defined. To associate multiple voice ports with a profile, repeat this command with different voice port arguments.

This command is not used when the default MGCP profile is configured because the values in the default profile configuration apply to all parameters that have not been otherwise configured for a user-defined MGCP profile.

Examples

The following example associates an analog voice port with an MGCP profile on a Cisco uBR925 platform:

Router(config)# mgcp profile ny110ca
Router(config-mgcp-profile)# port 0

Related Commands

Command

Description

mgcp

Starts and allocates resources for the MGCP daemon.

mgcp profile

Initiates MGCP profile mode to create and configure a named MGCP profile associated with one or more endpoints or to configure the default profile.

port (supplementary-service)

To enter the supplementary-service voice-port configuration mode for associating a voice port with STC application supplementary-service features, use the port command in supplementary-service configuration mode. To cancel the association, use the no form of this command.

port port

no port port

Syntax Description

port

Location of port in Cisco ISR or Cisco VG224 Analog Phone Gateway. Syntax is platform-dependent; type ? to determine.

Command Default

This command has no default behavior or values.

Command Modes


Supplementary-service configuration (config-stcapp-suppl-serv)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(20)YA

This command was introduced.

12.4(22)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(22)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command associates an analog FXS port to STC application supplementary-service features being configured.

Examples

The following example shows how to enable Hold/Resume on analog endpoints connected to port 2/0 of a Cisco VG224.

Router(config)# stcapp supplementary-services
Router(config-stcapp-suppl-serv)# port 2/0
Router(config-stcapp-suppl-serv-port)# hold-resume
Router(config-stcapp-suppl-serv-port)# end
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

hold-resume

Enables Hold/Resume in Feature mode on the port being configured.

port media

To specify the serial interface to which the local video codec is connected for a local video dial peer, use the port media command in video dial-peer configuration mode. To remove any configured locations from the dial peer, use the no form of this command.

port media interface

no port media

Syntax Description

interface

Serial interface to which the local codec is connected. Valid entries are 0 and 1.

Command Default

No interface is specified

Command Modes


Video dial-peer configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(5)XK

This command was introduced for ATM video dial-peer configuration on the Cisco MC3810.

12.0(7)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.0(7)T.

Examples

The following example specifies serial interface 0 as the specified interface for the codec local video dial peer 10:

dial-peer video 10 videocodec
 port media Serial0

Related Commands

Command

Description

port signal

Specifies the slot location of the VDM and the port location of the EIA/TIA-366 interface for signaling.

show dial-peer video

Displays dial-peer configuration.

port signal

To specify the slot location of the video dialing module (VDM) and the port location of the EIA/TIA-366 interface for signaling for a local video dial peer, use the port signal command in video dial-peer configuration mode. To remove any configured locations from the dial peer, use the no form of this command.

port signal slot/port

no port signal

Syntax Description

slot/

Slot location of the VDM. Valid values are 1 and 2.

port

Port location of the EIA/TIA-366 interface.

Command Default

No locations are specified

Command Modes


Video dial-peer configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(5)XK

This command was introduced for ATM video dial-peer configuration on the Cisco MC3810.

12.0(7)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.0(7)T.

Examples

The following example sets up the VDM and EIA/TIA-366 interface locations for the local video dial peer designated as 10:

dial-peer video 10 videocodec
 port signal 1/0

Related Commands

Command

Description

port media

Specifies the serial interface to which the local video codec is connected.

show dial-peer video

Displays dial-peer configuration.

pots call-waiting

To enable the local call-waiting feature, use the global configuration pots call-waiting command in global configuration mode. To disable the local call-waiting feature, use the no form of this command.

pots call-waiting { local | remote }

no pots call-waiting { local | remote }

Syntax Description

local

Enable call waiting on a local basis for the routers.

remote

Rely on the network provider service instead of the router to hold calls.

Command Default

Remote, in which case the call- holding pattern follows the settings of the service provider rather than those of the router.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.1.(2)XF

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

To display the call-waiting setting, use the show running-config or show pots status command. The ISDN call waiting service is used if it is available on the ISDN line connected to the router even if local call waiting is configured on the router. That is, if the ISDN line supports call waiting, the local call waiting configuration on the router is ignored.

Examples

The following example enables local call waiting on a router:

pots call-waiting local

Related Commands

Command

Description

call-waiting

Configures call waiting for a specific dial peer.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces of a Cisco 800 series router.

pots country

To configure your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic, use the pots countrycommand in global configuration mode. To disable the use of country-specific default settings, use the no form of this command.

pots country country

no pots country country

Syntax Description

country

Country in which your router is located.

Command Default

A default country is not defined.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to the Cisco 800 series routers.

If you need to change a country-specific default setting of a physical characteristic, you can use the associated command listed in the "Related Commands" section. Enter the pots country ? command to get a list of supported countries and the code you must enter to indicate a particular country.

Examples

The following example specifies that the devices connected to the telephone ports use default settings specific to Germany for the physical characteristics:

pots country de

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots dialing-method

To specify how the router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems, use the pots dialing-methodcommand in global configuration mode. To disable the specified dialing method, use the no form of this command.

pots dialing-method { overlap | enblock }

no pots dialing-method { overlap | enblock }

Syntax Description

overlap

The router sends each digit dialed in a separate message.

enblock

The router collects all digits dialed and sends the digits in one message.

Command Default

The default depends on the setting of the pots country command. For more information, see the pots country command.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

To interrupt the collection and transmission of dialed digits, enter a pound sign (#), or stop dialing digits until the interdigit timer runs out (10 seconds).

Examples

The following example specifies that the router uses the enblock dialing method:

pots dialing-method enblock

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots disconnect-supervision

To specify how a router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected, use the pots disconnect-supervisioncommand in global configuration mode. To disable the specified disconnect method, use the no form of this command.

pots disconnect-supervision { osi | reversal }

no pots disconnect-supervision { osi | reversal }

Syntax Description

osi

Open switching interval (OSI) is the duration for which DC voltage applied between tip and ring conductors of a telephone port is removed.

reversal

Polarity reversal of tip and ring conductors of a telephone port.

Command Default

The default depends on the setting of the pots country command. For more information, see the pots country command.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

Most countries except Japan typically use the osi option. Japan typically uses the reversal option.

Examples

The following example specifies that the router uses the OSI disconnect method:

pots disconnect-supervision osi

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic.

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots disconnect-time

To specify the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected, use the pots disconnect-timecommand in global configuration mode. To disable the specified disconnect interval, use the no form of this command.

pots disconnect-time interval

no pots disconnect-time interval

Syntax Description

interval

Interval, in milliseconds. Range is from 50 to 2000.

Command Default

The default depends on the setting of the pots country command. For more information, see the pots country command.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

The pots disconnect-supervision command configures the disconnect method.

Examples

The following example specifies that the connected devices apply the configured disconnect method for 100 ms after a calling party disconnects:

pots disconnect-time 100

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic.

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots distinctive-ring-guard-time

To specify the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected, use the pots distinctive-ring-guard-timecommand in global configuration mode. To disable the specified delay, use the no form of this command.

pots distinctive-ring-guard-time milliseconds

no pots distinctive-ring-guard-time milliseconds

Syntax Description

milliseconds

Delay, in milliseconds. Range is from 0 to 1000.

Command Default

The default depends on the setting of the pots country command. For more information, see the pots country command.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

Examples

The following example specifies that a telephone port can be rung 100 ms after a previous call is disconnected:

pots distinctive-ring-guard-time 100

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic.

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

ring

Sets up a distinctive ring for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots encoding

To specify the pulse code modulation (PCM) encoding scheme for your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems, use the pots encoding command in global configuration mode. To disable the specified scheme, use the no form of this command.

pots encoding { alaw | ulaw }

no pots encoding { alaw | ulaw }

Syntax Description

alaw

A-law. International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization Section (ITU-T) PCM encoding scheme used to represent analog voice samples as digital values.

ulaw

Mu-law. North American PCM encoding scheme used to represent analog voice samples as digital values.

Command Default

The default depends on the setting of the pots country command. For more information, see the pots country command.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

Europe typically uses a-law. North America typically uses u-law.

Examples

The following example specifies a-law as the PCM encoding scheme:

pots encoding alaw

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic.

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots forwarding-method

To configure the type of call-forwarding method to be used for Euro-ISDN (formerly NET3) switches, use the pots forwarding-method command in global configuration mode. To turn forwarding off, use the no form of this command.

pots forwarding-method { keypad | functional }

no pots forwarding-method { keypad | functional }

Syntax Description

keypad

Gives forwarding control to the Euro-ISDN switch.

functional

Gives forwarding control to the router. If you select this method, use the dual-tone multifrequency (DTMF) keypad commands listed in the table below to configure call-forwarding service.

Command Default

Forwarding is off

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(2)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use this command to select the type of forwarding method to be used for Euro-ISDN switches. This command does not affect any other switch types.

You can select one or more call-forwarding services at a time, but keep the following Euro-ISDN switch characteristics in mind:

  • Call forward unconditional (CFU) redirects a call without restriction and takes precedence over other call-forwarding service types.
  • Call forward busy (CFB) redirects a call to another number if the dialed number is busy.
  • Call forward no reply (CFNR) forwards a call to another number if the dialed number does not answer within a specified period of time.

If all three call-forwarding services are enabled, CFU overrides CFB and CFNR. The default is that no call-forwarding service is selected.

If you select thefunctional forwarding method, use the DTMF keypad commands in the table below to configure the call-forwarding service.

Table 1 DTMF Keypad Commands for Call-Forwarding Service

Task

DTMF Keypad Command1

Activate CFU

**21* number #

Deactivate CFU

#21#

Activate CFNR

**61* number #

Deactivate CFNR

#61#

Activate CFB

**67* number #

Deactivate CFB

#67#

1 Where number is the telephone number to which your calls are forwarded.

When you enable or disable the call-forwarding service, it is enabled or disabled for four basic services: speech, audio at 3.1 kilohertz (kHz), telephony at 3.1 kHz, and telephony at 7 kHz. You should hear a dial tone after you enter the DTMF keypad command when the call-forwarding service is successfully enabled for at least one of the four basic services. If you hear a busy tone, the command is invalid or the switch does not support that service.

Examples

The following example gives forwarding control to the router:

pots forwarding-method functional

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots prefix filter

Sets a filter that prevents a dial prefix from being added to a dialed number when the digits in the dialed number match the filter.

pots prefix number

Sets a prefix to be added to a called telephone number for analog or modem calls.

pots line-type

To specify the impedance of your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems, use the pots line-typecommand in global configuration mode. To disable the specified line type, use the no form of this command.

pots line-type { type1 | type2 | type3 }

no pots line-type { type1 | type2 | type3 }

Syntax Description

type1

Runs at 600 ohms.

type2

Runs at 900 ohms.

type3

Runs at 300 or 400 ohms.

Command Default

The default depends on the setting of the pots country command. For more information, see the pots country command.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

Examples

The following example sets the line type to type1:

pots line-type type1

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic.

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots prefix filter

To set a filter that prevents a dial prefix from being added to a dialed number when the digits in the dialed number match the filter, use the pots prefix filter command in global configuration mode. To remove the filter, use the no form of this command.

pots prefix filter number

no pots prefix filter number

Syntax Description

number

Prefix filter numbers, up to a maximum of eight characters.

Command Default

No default filter is set.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(2)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 803 and Cisco 804.

Usage Guidelines

The pots prefix filter command is used to set a filter for prefix dialing. A maximum of ten filters can be set. Once the maximum number of filters have been configured, an additional filter is not accepted nor does it overwrite any of the existing filters.

To configure a new filter, remove at least one filter using the no pots prefix filter command.

You can set matching criteria for the filter using the * wildcard character. For example, if you configure the filter 1* and a dialed number starts with 1, the called number is not prefixed. Prefix filters can be of variable length. All configured prefix filters are compared to the number dialed, up to the length of the prefix filter. If there is a match, no prefix is added to the dialed number.

Examples

The following example configures five filters that prevent dial prefixes from being added to dialed numbers:

pots prefix filter 192
pots prefix filter 1
pots prefix filter 9
pots prefix filter 0800
pots prefix filter 08456

With these filters configured, a prefix is not added to the following dialed numbers:

192 Directory calls

100 Operator services

999 Emergency services

0800... Toll-free calls

08456... Calls on an Energis network information controller

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots forwarding -method

Configures the type of forwarding method to be used for Euro-ISDN (formerly NET3) switches.

pots prefix number

Sets a prefix to be added to a called telephone number for analog or modem calls.

pots prefix number

To set a prefix to be added to a called telephone number for analog or modem calls, use the pots prefix number command in global configuration mode. To remove the prefix, use the no form of this command.

pots prefix number number

no pots prefix number number

Syntax Description

number

Prefix, up to a maximum of five digits.

Command Default

No prefix is associated with the called number for analog or modem calls

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(2)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 803 and Cisco 804.

Usage Guidelines

Only one prefix can be configured using this command. If a prefix already exists, the next prefix configured with this command overwrites the old prefix. Prefixes can be of variable length, up to five digits. The no pots prefix number command removes the prefix.

As numbers are dialed on the keypad, a comparison is made to the configured prefix filter. When a match is determined, the number is dialed without adding the prefix. In the unlikely event that the prefix filter has more digits than the dialed number, and the dialed number matches the first digits of the prefix filter, the prefix is not added to the dialed number. For example, if the prefix filter is 5554000 and you dial 555 and stop, the router considers the called number to be 555 and does not add a prefix to the number. This event is unlikely to occur because the number of digits in dialed numbers is typically greater than the number of digits in prefix filters.

Examples

The following example sets the prefix to 12345:

pots prefix number 12345

This prefix is added to any number dialed for analog or modem calls that do not match the prefix filter.

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots prefix filter

Sets a filter that prevents a dial prefix from being added to a dialed number when the digits in the dialed number match the filter.

pots ringing-freq

To specify the frequency on the Cisco 800 series router at which connected telephones, fax machines, or modems ring, use the pots ringing-freqcommand in global configuration mode. To disable the specified frequency, use the no form of this command.

pots ringing-freq { 20Hz | 25Hz | 50Hz }

no pots ringing-freq { 20Hz | 25Hz | 50Hz }

Syntax Description

20Hz

Connected devices ring at 20 Hz.

25Hz

Connected devices ring at 25 Hz.

50Hz

Connected devices ring at 50 Hz.

Command Default

The default depends on the setting of the pots country command. For more information, see the pots country command.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

Examples

The following example sets the ringing frequency to 50 Hz:

pots ringing-freq 50Hz

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic.

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots silence-time

To specify the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects, use the pots silence-timecommand in global configuration mode. To disable the specified silence time, use the no form of this command.

pots silence-time interval

no pots silence-time interval

Syntax Description

interval

Number from 0 to 10 (seconds).

Command Default

The default depends on the setting of the pots country command. For more information, see the pots country command.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

Examples

The following example sets the interval of silence to 10 seconds:

pots silence-time 10

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic.

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots tone -source

Specifies the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pots tone-source

To specify the source of dial, ringback, and busy tones for your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems, use the pots tone-sourcecommand in global configuration mode. To disable the specified source, use the no form of this command.

pots tone-source { local | remote }

no pots tone-source { local | remote }

Syntax Description

local

Router supplies the tones.

remote

Telephone switch supplies the tones.

Command Default

Local (router supplies the tones)

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(3)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 800 series.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Cisco 800 series routers.

This command applies only to ISDN lines connected to a EURO-ISDN (NET3) switch.

Examples

The following example sets the tone source to remote:

pots tone-source remote

Related Commands

Command

Description

pots country

Configures telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router to use country-specific default settings for each physical characteristic

pots dialing -method

Specifies how the Cisco 800 series router collects and sends digits dialed on your connected telephones, fax machines, or modems.

pots disconnect -supervision

Specifies how a Cisco 800 series router notifies the connected telephones, fax machines, or modems when the calling party has disconnected.

pots disconnect -time

Specifies the interval in which the disconnect method is applied if telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router fail to detect that a calling party has disconnected.

pots distinctive -ring-guard-time

Specifies the delay in which a telephone port can be rung after a previous call is disconnected (Cisco 800 series routers).

pots encoding

Specifies the PCM encoding scheme for telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots line -type

Specifies the impedance of telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router.

pots ringing -freq

Specifies the frequency at which telephones, fax machines, or modems connected to a Cisco 800 series router ring.

pots silence -time

Specifies the interval of silence after a calling party disconnects (Cisco 800 series router).

show pots status

Displays the settings of the telephone port physical characteristics and other information on the telephone interfaces on a Cisco 800 series router.

pre-dial delay

To configure a delay on an Foreign Exchange Office (FXO) interface between the beginning of the off-hook state and the initiation of dual-tone multifrequency (DTMF) signaling, use the pre-dial delay command in voice-port configuration mode. To reset to the default, use the no form of the command.

pre-dial delay seconds

no pre-dial delay

Syntax Description

seconds

Delay, in seconds, before signaling begins. Range is from 0 to 10. Default is 1.

Command Default

1 second

Command Modes


Voice-port configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

11.(7)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 3600 series.

12.0(2)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.0(2)T.

Usage Guidelines

To disable the command, set the delay to 0. When an FXO interface begins to draw loop current (off-hook state), a delay is required between the initial flow of loop current and the beginning of signaling. Some devices initiate signaling too quickly, resulting in redial attempts. This command allows a signaling delay.

Examples

The following example sets a predial delay value of 3 seconds on the FXO port:

voice-port 1/0/0
 pre-dial delay 3

Related Commands

Command

Description

timeouts initial

Configures the initial digit timeout value for a specified voice port.

timing delay -duration

Configures delay dial signal duration for a specified voice port.

preference (dial-peer)

To indicate the preferred order of an outbound dial peer within a hunt group, use the preference command in dial-peer configuration mode. To remove the preference, use the no form of this command.

preference value

no preference

Syntax Description

value

An integer from 0 to 10. A lower number indicates a higher preference. The default is 0, which is the highest preference.

Command Default

The longest matching dial peer supersedes the preference value.

Command Modes


Dial-peer configuration (dial-peer)

Command History

Release

Modification

11.3(1)MA

This command was introduced on the Cisco MC3810.

12.0(3)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.0(3)T and implemented on the Cisco 2600 series and Cisco 3600 series routers.

12.0(4)T

This command was modified to support Voice over Frame Relay(VoFR) dial peers on the Cisco 2600 series and Cisco 3600 series routers.

15.1(3)T

This command was modified. Support for matching different pattern types was modified.

Usage Guidelines

This command applies to Plain Old Telephone Service(POTS), VoIP, VoFR, and Voice over ATM(VoATM) dial peers.

Use this command to indicate the preferred order for matching dial peers in a hunt group. Setting a preference enables the desired dial peer to be selected when multiple dial peers within a hunt group are matched for a dial string.


Note


If POTS and voice-network peers are mixed in the same hunt group, the POTS dial peers must have priority over the voice-network dial peers.


The hunting algorithm preference is configurable. For example, to specify that a call processing sequence go to destination A, then to destination B, and finally to destination C, you would assign preferences (0 being the highest preference) to the destinations in the following order:

  • Preference 0 to A
  • Preference 1 to B
  • Preference 2 to C

Use this command only on the same pattern type. For example, destination uri and destination-pattern are two different pattern types. By default, destination uri has higher preference than destination-pattern.

Examples

The following example shows how to set POTS dial peer 10 to a preference of 1, POTS dial peer 20 to a preference of 2, and VoFR dial peer 30 to a preference of 3:

dial-peer voice 10 pots
 destination-pattern 5550150
 preference 1
 exit
dial-peer voice 20 pots
 destination-pattern 5550150
 preference 2
 exit
dial-peer voice 30 vofr
 destination-pattern 5550150
 preference 3
 exit

The following examples shows different dial peer configurations:

Dialpeer        destpat         preference              session-target
1               4085550148      0 (highest)             jmmurphy-voip
2               408555          0                       sj-voip
3               408555          1 (lower)               backup-sj-voip
4               ..........      1                       0:D     (interface)
5               ..........      0                       anywhere-voip

If the destination number is 4085550148, the order of attempts is 1, 2, 3, 5, 4:

Dialpeer        destpat         preference
1               408555          0
2               4085550148      1
3               4085550         0
4 				4085550				0

The following example shows how to set POTS dial peer 10 for the destination-pattern to a preference of 0, POTS dial peer 20 for the destination uri to a preference of 1. Though destination-pattern has higher preference than destination uri, destination uri takes preference:

dial-peer voice 10 pots
 destination-pattern 5550158
 preference 0
 exit
dial-peer voice 20 pots
 destination uri 5550158
 preference 1

exit

Related Commands

Command

Description

called-number (dial-peer)

Enables an incoming VoFR call leg to get bridged to the correct POTS call leg when using a static FRF.11 trunk connection.

codec (dial-peer)

Specifies the voice coder rate of speech for a Voice over Frame Relay dial peer.

cptone

Specifies a regional analog voice interface-related tone, ring, and cadence setting.

destination-pattern

Specifies the prefix, the full E.164 telephone number, or an ISDN directory number (depending on the dial plan) to be used for a dial peer.

destination uri

Specifies the voice class used to match a dial peer to the destination uniform resource identifier (URI).

dtmf-relay (Voice over Frame Relay)

Enables the generation of FRF.11 Annex A frames for a dial peer.

session protocol

Establishes a session protocol for calls between the local and remote routers via the packet network.

session target

Specifies a network-specific address for a specified dial peer or destination gatekeeper.

signal-type

Sets the signaling type to be used when connecting to a dial peer.

preemption enable

To enable preemption capability on a trunk group, use the preemption enable command in trunk group configuration mode. To disable preemption capabilities, use the no form of this command.

preemption enable

no preemption enable

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Preemption is disabled on the trunk group.

Command Modes


Trunk group configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(4)XC

This command was introduced.

12.4(9)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(9)T.

Examples

The following command example enables preemption capabilities on trunk group test:

Router(config)# trunk group test
Router(config-trunk-group)# preemption enable

Related Commands

Command

Description

isdn integrate all

Enables integrated mode on an ISDN PRI interface.

max-calls

Sets the maximum number of calls that a trunk group can handle.

preemption guard timer

Defines time for a DDR call and allows time to clear the last call from the channel.

preemption level

Sets the preemption level of the selected outbound dial peer. Voice calls can be preempted by a DDR call with higher preemption level.

preemption tone timer

Defines the expiry time for the preemption tone for the outgoing call being preempted by a DDR backup call.

preemption guard timer

To define the time for a DDR call and to allow time to clear the last call from the channel, use the preemption guard timer command in trunk group configuration mode. To disable the preemption guard time, use the no form of this command.

preemption guard timer value

no preemption guard timer

Syntax Description

value

Number, in milliseconds for the preemption guard timer. The range is 60 to 500. The default is 60.

Command Default

No preemption guard timer is configured.

Command Modes


Trunk group configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(4)XC

This command was introduced.

12.4(9)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(9)T.

Examples

The following set of commands configures a 60-millisecond preemption guard timer on the trunk group dial2.

Router(config)# trunk group dial2
Router(config-trunk-group)# preemption enable
Router(config-trunk-group)# preemption guard timer 60

Related Commands

Command

Description

isdn integrate all

Enables integrated mode on an ISDN PRI interface.

max-calls

Sets the maximum number of calls that a trunk group can handle.

preemption enable

Enables preemption capabilities on a trunk group.

preemption level

Sets the preemption level of the selected outbound dial-peer. Voice calls can be preempted by a DDR call with higher preemption level.

preemption tone timer

Sets the expiry time for the preemption tone for the outgoing call being preempted by a DDR backup call.

preemption level

To set the precedence for voice calls to be preempted by a dial-on demand routing (DDR) call for the trunk group, use the preemption level command in dial-peer configuration mode. To restore the default preemption level setting, use the no form of this command

preemption level { flash-override | flash | immediate | priority | routine }

no preemption level

Syntax Description

flash-override

Sets the precedence for voice calls to preemption level 0 (highest).

flash

Sets the precedence for voice calls to preemption level 1.

immediate

Sets the precedence for voice calls to preemption level 2.

priority

Sets the precedence for voice calls to preemption level 3.

routine

Sets the precedence for voice calls to preemption level 4 (lowest). This is the default.

Command Default

The preemption level default is routine (lowest).

Command Modes


Dial-peer configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(4)XC

This command was introduced.

12.4(9)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(9)T.

Examples

The following command example sets a preemption level of flash (level 1) on POTS dial-peer 20:

Router(config)# dial-peer voice 20 pots
Router(config-dial-peer)# preemption level flash

Related Commands

Command

Description

dialer preemption level

Sets the precedence for voice calls to be preempted by a DDR call for the dialer map.

isdn integrate all

Enables integrated mode on an ISDN PRI interface.

max-calls

Sets the maximum number of calls that a trunk group can handle.

preemption enable

Enables preemption capabilities on a trunk group.

preemption guard timer

Defines time for a DDR call and allows time to clear the last call from the channel.

preemption tone timer

Defines the expiry time for the preemption tone for the outgoing call being preempted by a DDR backup call.

preemption tone timer

To set the expiry time for the preemption tone for the outgoing call being preempted by a DDR backup call, use the preemption tone timer command in trunk group configuration mode. To clear the expiry time, use the no form of this command.

preemption tone timer seconds

no preemption tone timer

Syntax Description

seconds

Length of preemption tone, in seconds. Range: 4 to 30. Default: 10.

Command Default

No preemption tone timer is configured.

Command Modes


Trunk group configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(4)XC

This command was introduced.

12.4(9)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(9)T.

Examples

The following set of commands configures a 20-second preemption tone timer on trunk group dial2.

Router(config)# trunk group dial2
Router(config-trunk-group)# preemption enable
Router(config-trunk-group)# preemption tone timer 20

Related Commands

Command

Description

isdn integrate all

Enables integrated mode on an ISDN PRI interface.

max-calls

Sets the maximum number of calls that a trunk group can handle.

preemption enable

Enables preemption capabilities on a trunk group.

preemption level

Sets the preemption level of the selected outbound dial peer. Voice calls can be preempted by a DDR call with higher preemption level.

prefix

To specify the prefix of the dialed digits for a dial peer, use the prefix command in dial-peer configuration mode. To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.

prefix string

no prefix

Syntax Description

string

Integers that represent the prefix of the telephone number associated with the specified dial peer. Valid values are 0 through 9 and a comma (,). Use a comma to include a pause in the prefix.

Command Default

Null string

Command Modes


Dial-peer configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

11.3(1)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco 3600 series.

12.0(4)XJ

This command was implemented on the Cisco AS5300. It and modified for store-and-forward fax.

12.1(1)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.1(1)T.

12.2(4)T

This command was implemented on the Cisco 1750.

12.2(8)T

This command was implemented on the following platforms: Cisco 1751, Cisco 2600 series, Cisco 3600 series, Cisco 3725, and Cisco 3745.

12.2(13)T

This command was supported in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(13)T and implemented on the Cisco 2600XM, Cisco ICS7750, and Cisco VG200.

Usage Guidelines

Use this command to specify a prefix for a specific dial peer. When an outgoing call is initiated to this dial peer, the prefix string value is sent to the telephony interface first, before the telephone number associated with the dial peer.

If you want to configure different prefixes for dialed numbers on the same interface, you need to configure different dial peers.

This command is applicable only to plain old telephone service (POTS) dial peers. This command applies to off-ramp store-and-forward fax functions.

Examples

The following example specifies a prefix of 9 and then a pause:

dial-peer voice 10 pots
 prefix 9,

The following example specifies a prefix of 5120002:

Router(config-dial-peer)# prefix 5120002

Related Commands

Command

Description

answer -address

Specifies the full E.164 telephone number to be used to identify the dial peer of an incoming call.

destination -pattern

Specifies either the prefix or the full E.164 telephone number to be used for a dial peer.

prefix (Annex G)

To restrict the prefixes for which the gatekeeper should query the Annex G border element (BE), use the prefix command in gatekeeper border element configuration mode.

prefix prefix* [ seq | blast ]

Syntax Description

prefix *

Prefix for which BEs should be queried.

seq

(Optional) Queries are sent out to the neighboring BEs sequentially.

blast

(Optional) Queries are sent out to the neighboring BEs simultaneously.

Command Default

Any time a remote zone query occurs, the BE is also queried.

Command Modes


Gatekeeper border element configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(2)XA

This command was introduced.

12.2(4)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(4)T. Support for the Cisco AS5300, Cisco AS5350, and Cisco AS5400 is not included in this release.

12.2(2)XB1

This command was implemented on the Cisco AS5850.

12.2(11)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(11)T.

Usage Guidelines

By default, the gatekeeper sends all remote zone requests to the BE. Use this command only if you want to restrict the queries to the BE to a specific prefix or set of prefixes.

Examples

The following example directs the gatekeeper to query the BE using a prefix of 408.

Router(config-gk-annexg)# prefix 408* seq

Related Commands

Command

Description

h323 -annexg

Enables the BE on the gatekeeper and enters border element configuration mode.

prefix (stcapp-fac)

To define a prefix for feature access codes (FACs) used with the SCCP telephony control (STC) application, use the prefixcommand in STC application feature access-code configuration mode. To return the prefix to its default, use the no form of this command.

prefix prefix-string

no prefix

Syntax Description

prefix-string

String of one to five characters that can be dialed on a telephone keypad. String must start with an asterisk (*) or a number sign (#). Default is **.

Command Default

The default value is **.

Command Modes


STC application feature access-code configuration (stcapp-fac)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(2)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

This command modifies the FAC prefix from the default (**) to the specified character string.

Use the show stcapp feature codes command to display a list of all FACs.

Examples

The following example shows how to change the prefix for FACs from the default value (**) to two number signs (##).

Router(config)# stcapp feature access-code
Router(stcapp-fac)# prefix ##
Router(stcapp-fac)# 
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

call forward all

Defines the feature code in the feature access code (FAC) for forwarding all calls.

call forward cancel

Defines the feature code in the feature access code (FAC) for cancelling Call Forward All.

pickup direct

Defines the feature code in the feature access code (FAC) for Directed Call Pickup.

pickup group

Defines the feature code in the feature access code (FAC) for call pickup from another group.

pickup local

Defines the feature code in the feature access code (FAC) for call pickup from the local group.

show stcapp feature codes

Displays all feature access codes (FACs) and all feature speed-dials (FSDs).

stcapp feature access-code

Enables feature access codes (FACs) in STC application and enters STC application feature access-code configuration mode for changing values of the prefix and features codes from the default.

prefix (stcapp-fsd)

To define a prefix for feature speed dials (FSDs) used with the SCCP telephony control (STC) application, use the prefix command in STC application feature speed-dial configuration mode. To return the prefix to its default, use the no form of this command.

prefix prefix-string

no prefix

Syntax Description

prefix-string

String of one to five characters (0-9, *, #) that can be dialed on a telephone keypad. String must begin with asterisk (*) or number sign(#). Default is *.

Command Default

The default value is *.

Command Modes


STC application feature speed-dial configuration (stcapp-fsd)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(2)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

This command is used with the STC application, which enables certain features on analog FXS endpoints that use Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) for call control. Phone users must dial the feature speed-dial (FSD) prefix string before dialing an FSD speed-dial that dials a telephone number. For example, to dial the telephone number that is stored in speed-dial position 3, a phone user dials *2.

Use this command only if you want to change the prefix from its default (*).

The show stcapp feature codes command displays the FSD prefix and all FSD speed-dials.

The following example shows how to change the prefix for FSDs from the default value (*) to three asterisks (***). After this value is configured, a phone user must press***2 on the keypad to dial speed-dial number 2.

Router(config)# stcapp feature speed-dial
Router(stcapp-fsd)# prefix ***
Router(stcapp-fsd)# speed dial from 2 to 7
Router(stcapp-fsd)# redial 9
Router(stcapp-fsd)# voicemail 8
Router(stcapp-fsd)# exit
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

redial

Defines an speed-dial code to dial again the most-recently dialed number on this phone line.

show stcapp feature codes

Displays all feature access codes (FACs) and all feature speed-dials (FSDs).

speed dial

Designates a range of feature speed-dials (FSDs) in STC application.

stcapp feature access-code

Enables feature speed-dials (FSDs) in STC application and enters STC application feature speed-dial configuration mode for changing values of the prefix and speed-dial codes from the default.

voicemail (stcapp-fsd)

Defines an speed-dial code to dial the voice-mail number.

preloaded-route

To enable preloaded route support for VoIP Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) calls, use the preloaded-routecommand in SIP configuration mode. To reset to the default, use the no form of this command.

preloaded-route [sip-server] service-route

no preloaded-route

Syntax Description

sip-server

(Optional) Adds SIP server information to the Route header.

service-route

Adds the Service-Route information to the Route header.

Command Default

Route support is not enabled.

Command Modes


SIP configuration (conf-serv-sip)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(22)YB

This command was introduced.

15.0(1)M

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M.

Usage Guidelines

The voice-class preloaded-routecommand, in dial-peer configuration mode, takes precedence over the preloaded-route command in SIP configuration mode. However, if the voice-class preloaded-route command is configured with the system keyword, the gateway uses the global settings configured by the preloaded-routecommand.

Enter SIP configuration mode after entering voice-service VoIP configuration mode, as shown in the "Examples" section.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the system to include SIP server and Service-Route information in the Route header:

voice service voip
sip
 preloaded-route sip-server service-route

The following example shows how to configure the system to include only Service-Route information in the Route header:

voice service voip
sip
 preloaded-route service-route

Related Commands

Command

Description

sip

Enters SIP configuration mode from voice-service VoIP configuration mode.

voice -class preloaded-route

Enables preloaded route support for dial-peer SIP calls.

presence

To enable presence service and enter presence configuration mode, use the presence command in global configuration mode. To disable presence service, use the no form of this command.

presence

no presence

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Presence service is disabled.

Command Modes


Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release

Cisco Product

Modification

12.4(11)XJ

Cisco Unified CME 4.1

This command was introduced.

12.4(15)T

Cisco Unified CME 4.1

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(15)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command enables the router to perform the following presence functions:

  • Process presence requests from internal lines to internal lines. Notify internal subscribers of any status change.
  • Process incoming presence requests from a SIP trunk for internal lines. Notify external subscribers of any status change.
  • Send presence requests to external presentities on behalf of internal lines. Relay status responses to internal lines.

Examples

The following example shows how to enable presence and enter presence configuration mode to set the maximum subscriptions to 150:

Router(config)# presence
Router(config-presence)# max-subscription 150
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

allow watch

Allows a directory number on a phone registered to Cisco Unified CME to be watched in a presence service.

debug presence

Displays debugging information about the presence service.

max-subscription

Sets the maximum number of concurrent watch sessions that are allowed.

presence enable

Allows the router to accept incoming presence requests.

server

Specifies the IP address of a presence server for sending presence requests from internal watchers to external presence entities.

show presence global

Displays configuration information about the presence service.

show presence subscription

Displays information about active presence subscriptions.

presence call-list

To enable Busy Lamp Field (BLF) monitoring for call lists and directories on phones registered to the Cisco Unified CME router, use the presence call-listcommand in ephone, presence, or voice register pool configuration mode. To disable BLF indicators for call lists, use the no form of this command.

presence call-list

no presence call-list

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

BLF monitoring for call lists is disabled.

Command Modes


Ephone configuration (config-ephone)
Presence configuration (config-presence)
Voice register pool configuration (config-register pool)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(11)XJ

This command was introduced.

12.4(15)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(15)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command enables a phone to monitor the line status of directory numbers listed in a directory or call list, such as a missed calls, placed calls, or received calls list. Using this command in presence mode enables the BLF call-list feature for all phones. To enable the feature for an individual SCCP phone, use this command in ephone configuration mode. To enable the feature for an individual SIP phone, use this command in voice register pool configuration mode.

If this command is disabled globally and enabled in voice register pool or ephone configuration mode, the feature is enabled for that voice register pool or ephone.

If this command is enabled globally, the feature is enabled for all voice register pools and ephones regardless of whether it is enabled or disabled on a specific voice register pool or ephone.

To display a BLF status indicator, the directory number associated with a telephone number or extension must have presence enabled with the allow watch command.

For information on the BLF status indicators that display on specific types of phones, see the Cisco Unified IP Phone documentation for your phone model.

Examples

The following example shows the BLF call-list feature enabled for ephone 1. The line status of a directory number that appears in a call list or directory is displayed on phone 1 if the directory number has presence enabled.

Router(config)# ephone 1
Router(config-ephone)# presence call-list
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

allow watch

Allows a directory number on a phone registered to Cisco Unified CME to be watched in a presence service.

blf-speed-dial

Enables BLF monitoring for a speed-dial number on a phone registered to Cisco Unified CME.

presence

Enables presence service and enters presence configuration mode.

show presence global

Displays configuration information about the presence service.

presence enable

To allow incoming presence requests, use the presence enable command in SIP user-agent configuration mode. To block incoming requests, use the no form of this command.

presence enable

no presence enable

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Incoming presence requests are blocked.

Command Modes


SIP UA configuration (config-sip-ua)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(11)XJ

This command was introduced.

12.4(15)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(15)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command allows the router to accept incoming presence requests (SUBSCRIBE messages) from internal watchers and SIP trunks. It does not impact outgoing presence requests.

Examples

The following example shows how to allow incoming presence requests:

Router(config)# sip-ua
Router(config-sip-ua)# presence enable
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

allow subscribe

Allows internal watchers to monitor external presence entities (directory numbers).

allow watch

Allows a directory number on a phone registered to Cisco Unified CME to be watched in a presence service.

max-subscription

Sets the maximum number of concurrent watch sessions that are allowed.

show presence global

Displays configuration information about the presence service.

show presence subscription

Displays information about active presence subscriptions.

watcher all

Allows external watchers to monitor internal presence entities (directory numbers).

pri-group (pri-slt)

To specify an ISDN PRI on a channelized T1 or E1 controller, use the pri-group (pri-slt)command in controller configuration mode. To remove the ISDN PRI configuration, use the no form of this command.

pri-group [ timeslots timeslot-range [ nfas_d [ backup | none | primary [ nfas_int number ] ] [ nfas-group number [ iua as-name ] ] ] ]

no pri-group

Syntax Description

timeslots timeslot -range

Specifies a single range of timeslot values in the PRI goup. For T1, the allowable range is from 1 to 23. For E1, the allowable range is from 1 to 31.

nfas_d

Specifies the operation of the D channel timeslot.

backup

(Optional) Specifes that the operation of the D channel timeslot on this controller is the NFAS D backup.

none

(Optional) Specifes that the D channel timeslot is used as an additional B channel.

primary

Specifies that the D channel timeslot on this controller in NFAS D.

nfas_int range

Specifies the provisioned NFAS interface value. Valid values range from 0 to 32.

nfas-group number

Specifies the NFAS group and the NFAS group number. Valid values range from 0 to 31.

iua as -name

Binds the Non-Facility Associated Signaling (NFAS) group to the IDSN User Adaptation Layer (IUA) application server (AS).

Command Default

No ISDN-PRI group is configured.

Command Modes


Controller configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(11)T

This command was introduced.

12.2(15)T

This command was integrated on the Cisco 2420, Cisco 2600 series, Cisco 3600 series, and Cisco 3700 series; and Cisco AS5300, Cisco AS5350, Cisco AS5400, and Cisco AS5850 network access server (NAS) platforms.

Usage Guidelines

The pri-group (pri-slt) command provides another way to bind a D channel to a specific IUA AS. This option allows the RLM group to be configured at the pri-group level instead of in the D channel configuration. For example, a typical configuration would look like the following:

 controller t1 1/0/0
  pri-group timeslots 1-24 nfas_d pri nfas_int 0 nfas_group 1 iua asname 

Before you enter the pri-group command, you must specify an ISDN-PRI switch type and an E1 or T1 controller.

When configuring NFAS, you use an extended version of the pri-group command to specify the following values for the associated channelized T1 controllers configured for ISDN:

  • The range of PRI timeslots to be under the control of the D channel (timeslot 24).
  • The function to be performed by timeslot 24 (primary D channel, backup, or none); the latter specifies its use as a B channel.
  • The group identifier number for the interface under the control of a particular D channel.

The iua keyword is used to bind an NFAS group to the IUA AS.

When binding the D channel to an IUA AS, the as-name must match the name of an AS set up during IUA configuration.

Before you can modify a PRI group on a Media Gateway Controller (MGC), you must first shut down the D channel.

The following shows how to shut down the D channel:

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# interface Dchannel3/0:1
Router(config-if)# shutdown 

Examples

The following example configures the NFAS primary D channel on one channelized T1 controller, and binds the D channel to an IUA AS. This example uses the Cisco AS5400 and applies to T1, which has 24 timeslots and is used mainly in North America and Japan:

Router(config-controller)# pri-group timeslots 1-23 nfas-d primary nfas-int 0 nfas-group 1 iua as5400-4-1

The following example applies to E1, which has 32 timeslots and is used by the rest of the world:

Router(config-controller)# pri-group timeslots 1-31 nfas-d primary nfas-int 0 nfas-group 1 iua as5400-4-1

The following example configures ISDN-PRI on all time slots of controller E1:

Router(config)# controller E1 4/1
Router(config-controller)# pri-group timeslots 1-7,16

In the following example, the rlm-timeslot keyword automatically creates interface serial 4/7:11 (4/7:0:11 if you are using the CT3 card) for the D channel object on a Cisco AS5350. You can choose any timeslot other than 24 to be the virtual container for the D channel parameters for ISDN.

Router(config-controller)# pri-group timeslots 1-23 nfas-d primary nfas-int 0 nfas-group 0 rlm-timeslot 3

Related Commands

Command

Description

isdn switch -type

Configures the Cisco 2600 series router PRI interface to support QSIG signaling.

pri-group nec-fusion

To configure your NEC PBX to support Fusion Call Control Signaling (FCCS), use the pri-group nec-fusion command in controller configuration mode. To disable FCCS, use the no form of this command.

pri-group nec-fusion { pbx-ip-address | pbx-ip-host-name } pbx-port number

no pri-group nec-fusion { pbx-ip-address | pbx-ip-host-name } pbx-port number

Syntax Description

pbx -ip-address

IP address of the NEC PBX.

pbx -ip-host-name

Host name of the NEC PBX.

pbx -port number

Port number for the PBX. Range is from 49152 to 65535. Default is 55000. If this value is already in use, the next greater value is used.

Command Default

PBX port number: 55000

Command Modes


Controller configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(7)T

This command was introduced on the Cisco AS5300.

12.2(1)

This command was modified to add support for setup messages from a POTS dial peer.

Usage Guidelines

This command is used only if the PBX in your configuration is an NEC PBX, and if you are configuring it to run FCCS and not QSIG signaling.

Examples

The following example directs this NEC PBX to use FCCS:

pri-group nec-fusion 172.31.255.255 pbx-port 60000

Related Commands

Command

Description

isdn protocol-emulate

Configures the Layer 2 and Layer 3 port protocol of a BRI voice port or a PRI interface to emulate NT (network) or TE (user) functionality.

isdn switch type

Configures the Cisco AS5300 universal access server PRI interface to support QSIG signaling.

show cdapi

Displays the CDAPI.

show rawmsg

Displays the raw messages owned by the required component.

pri-group timeslots

To specify an ISDN PRI group on a channelized T1 or E1 controller, and to release the ISDN PRI signaling time slot, use the pri-group timeslotscommand in controller configuration mode. To remove or change the ISDN PRI configuration, use the no form of this command.

pri-group timeslots timeslot-range [ nfas_d { backup nfas_int number nfas_group number [ service mgcp ] | none nfas_int number nfas_group number [ service mgcp ] | primary nfas_int number nfas_group number [ iua as-name | rlm-group number | service mgcp ] } | service mgcp ] [voice-dsp]

no pri-group timeslots timeslot-range [ nfas_d { backup nfas_int number nfas_group number [ service mgcp ] | none nfas_int number nfas_group number [ service mgcp ] | primary nfas_int number nfas_group number [ iua as-name | rlm-group number | service mgcp ] } | service mgcp ] [voice-dsp]

Syntax Description

timeslot-range

A value or range of values for time slots on a T1 or E1 controller that consists of an ISDN PRI group. Use a hyphen to indicate a range.

Note   

Groups of time slot ranges separated by commas (1-4,8-23 for example) are also accepted.

nfas_d

(Optional) Configures the operation of the ISDN PRI D channel.

backup

The D-channel time slot is used as the Non-Facility Associated Signaling (NFAS) D backup.

service mgcp

(Optional) Configures the service type as Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP) service.

none

The D-channel time slot is used as an additional B channel.

primary

The D-channel time slot is used as the NFAS D primary.

nfas_int number

Specifies the provisioned NFAS interface as a value. The NFAS interface range is from 0 to 44.

nfas_group number

Specifies the NFAS group. The NFAS group number range is from 0 to 31.

iua as-name

(Optional) Configures the ISDN User Adaptation Layer (IUA) application server (AS) name.

rlm-group number

(Optional) Specifies the Redundant Link Manager (RLM) group and releases the ISDN PRI signaling channel. The RLM group number range is from 0 to 255.

voice-dsp

(Optional) Configures an ISDN PRI group for voice applications by using the Digital Signal Processor (DSP).

Command Default

No ISDN PRI group is configured. The switch type is automatically set to the National ISDN switch type (primary-ni keyword)when the pri-group timeslotscommand is configured with the rlm-group keyword.

Command Modes


Controller configuration (config-controller)

Command History

Release

Modification

11.0

This command was introduced.

11.3

This command was enhanced to support NFAS.

12.0(2)T

This command was implemented on the Cisco MC3810 multiservice concentrator.

12.0(7)XK

This command was implemented on the Cisco 2600 and Cisco 3600 series routers.

12.1(2)T

The modifications in Cisco IOS Release 12.0(7)XK were integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.1(2)T.

12.2(8)B

This command was modified with the rlm-group subkeyword to support the release of the ISDN PRI signaling channels.

12.2(15)T

The modifications in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(8)B were integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)T.

12.4(16)b

This command was modified to ensure that the NFAS primary interface is configured before the NFAS backup or NFAS none interfaces are configured.

12.4(24)T

Support was extended to provide backup functionality for the NFAS interface in MGCP backhaul mode. With this support, if the primary interface fails, the backup can become active and calls can be maintained.

15.1(3)T

This command was modified. The voice-dsp keywordwas added.

Usage Guidelines

The pri-group command supports the use of DS0 time slots for Signaling System 7 (SS7) links, and, therefore, enables the coexistence of SS7 links and PRI voice and data bearer channels on the same T1 or E1 span. In these configurations, the command applies to voice applications.

In SS7-enabled Voice over IP (VoIP) configurations when an RLM group is configured, High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC) resources allocated for ISDN signaling on a digital subscriber line (DSL) interface are released and the signaling slot is converted to a bearer channel (B24). The D channel will be running on IP. The chosen D-channel time slot can still be used by a B channel by using the isdn rlm-group interface configuration command to configure the NFAS groups.

NFAS allows a single D channel to control multiple PRI interfaces. Use of a single D channel to control multiple PRI interfaces frees one B channel on each interface to carry other traffic. A backup D channel can also be configured for use when the primary NFAS D channel fails. When a backup D channel is configured, any hard system failure causes a switchover to the backup D channel and currently connected calls remain connected.

NFAS is supported only with a channelized T1 controller and, as a result, must be ISDN PRI capable. When the channelized T1 controllers are configured for ISDN PRI, only the NFAS primary D channel must be configured; its configuration is distributed to all members of the associated NFAS group. Any configuration changes made to the primary D channel will be propagated to all NFAS group members. The primary D-channel interface is the only interface shown after the configuration is written to memory.

The channelized T1 controllers on the router must also be configured for ISDN. The router must connect to either an AT&T 4ESS, Northern Telecom DMS-100 or DMS-250 switch type, or a National ISDN switch type.

The ISDN switch must be provisioned for NFAS. The primary and backup D channels should be configured on separate T1 controllers. The primary, backup, and B-channel members on the respective controllers should have the same configuration as that of the router and ISDN switch. The interface ID assigned to the controllers must match that of the ISDN switch.

You can disable a specified channel or an entire PRI interface, thereby taking it out of service or placing it into one of the other states that is passed in to the switch using the isdn service command.

In the event that a controller belonging to an NFAS group is shut down, all active calls on the controller that is shut down will be cleared (regardless of whether the controller is set to primary, backup, or none), and one of the following events will occur:

  • If the controller that is shut down is configured as the primary and no backup is configured, all active calls on the group are cleared.
  • If the controller that is shut down is configured as the primary, and the active (In service) D channel is the primary and a backup is configured, then the active D channel changes to the backup controller.
  • If the controller that is shut down is configured as the primary, and the active D channel is the backup, then the active D channel remains as the backup controller.
  • If the controller that is shut down is configured as the backup, and the active D channel is the backup, then the active D channel changes to the primary controller.

The expected behavior in NFAS when an ISDN D channel (serial interface) is shut down is that ISDN Layer 2 should go down but keep ISDN Layer 1 up, and that the entire interface will go down after the amount of seconds specified for timer T309.


Note


The active D -channel changeover between primary and backup controllers happens only when one of the link fails and not when the link comes up. The T309 timer is triggered when the changeover takes place.



Note


You must first configure the NFAS primary D channel before configuring the NFAS backup or NFAS none interfaces. If this order is not followed, this message is displayed: NFAS backup and NFAS none interfaces are not allowed to be configured without primary. First configure primary D channel. To remove the NFAS primary D channel after the NFAS backup or NFAS none interfaces are configured, you must remove the NFAS backup or NFAS none interfaces first, and then remove the NFAS primary D channel.


The voice-dspkeyword is available only on 1-Port and 2-Port HWIC on ISR-G2 (Cisco 2911, Cisco 2921, Cisco 2951, Cisco 3925, Cisco 3925E, Cisco 3945, and Cisco 3945E). This keyword is not available on controller T1 0/1/0 on Voice/WAN(VWIC) interface card.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure a T1 controller 1/0 for PRI and for the NFAS primary D channel. This primary D channel controls all the B channels in NFAS group 1.

controller t1 1/0
 framing esf
 linecode b8zs
 pri-group timeslots 1-24 nfas_d primary nfas_int 0 nfas_group 1 

The following example shows how to configure an ISDN PRI on T1 slot 1, port 0, and configure voice and data bearer capability on time slots 2 through 6:

isdn switch-type primary-4ess
controller t1 1/0
 framing esf
 linecode b8zs
 pri-group timeslots 2-6

The following example shows how to configure a standard ISDN PRI interface:

! Standard PRI configuration:
controller t1 1
 pri-group timeslots 1-23 nfas_d primary nfas_int 0 nfas_group 0
 exit
! Standard ISDN serial configuration:
interface serial1:23
! Set ISDN parameters:
 isdn T309 4000
 exit

The following example shows how to configure a dedicated T1 link for SS7-enabled VoIP:

controller T1 1
 pri-group timeslots 1-23 nfas_d primary nfas_int 0 nfas_group 0 
 exit
! In a dedicated configuration, we assume the 24th timeslot will be used by ISDN.
! Serial interface 0:23 is created for configuring ISDN parameters.
interface Serial:24
! The D channel is on the RLM.
 isdn rlm 0
 isdn  T309 4000
 exit

The following example shows how to configure a shared T1 link for SS7-enabled VoIP. The rlm-group 0 portion of the pri-group timeslots command releases the ISDN PRI signaling channel.

controller T1 1
 pri-group timeslots 1-3 nfas_d primary nfas_int 0 nfas_group 0 rlm-group 0 
 channel group 23 timeslot 24
 end
! D-channel interface is created for configuration of ISDN parameters:
interface Dchannel1
 isdn T309 4000
 end

The following example shows how to configure T1 controller 0/2/1 for a PRI with the voice applications option:

Router(config)#controller T1 0/2/1
Router(config-controller)#pri-group timeslots 1-24
Router(config-controller)#pri-group timeslots 1-24 voice-dsp

Related Commands

Command

Description

controller

Configures a T1 or E1 controller and enters controller configuration mode.

interface Dchannel

Specifies an ISDN D-channel interface for VoIP applications that require release of the ISDN PRI signaling time slot for RLM configurations.

interface serial

Specifies a serial interface created on a channelized E1 or channelized T1 controller for ISDN PRI signaling.

isdn rlm-group

Specifies the RLM group number that ISDN will start using.

isdn switch-type

Specifies the central office switch type on the ISDN PRI interface.

isdn timer t309

Changes the value of the T309 timer to clear network connections and releases the B channels when there is no active signaling channel.

show isdn nfas group

Displays all the members of a specified NFAS group or all NFAS groups.

primary (gateway accounting file)

To set the primary location for storing the call detail records (CDRs) generated for file accounting, use the primarycommand in gateway accounting file configuration mode. To reset to the default, use the no form of this command.

primary { ftp path/filename username username password password | ifs device:filename }

no primary { ftp | ifs }

Syntax Description

ftp path /filename

Name and location of the file on an external FTP server. Filename is limited to 25 characters.

ifs device : filename

Name and location of the file in flash memory or other internal file system on this router. Values depend on storage devices available on the router, for example flash or slot0. Filename is limited to 25 characters.

username username

User ID for authentication.

password password

Password user enters for authentication.

Command Default

Call records are saved to flash:cdr.

Command Modes


Gateway accounting file configuration (config-gw-accounting-file)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(15)XY

This command was introduced.

12.4(20)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command specifies the name and location of the primary file where CDRs are stored during the file accounting process. The filename you assign is appended with the gateway hostname and time stamp at the time the file is created to make the filename unique.

For example, if you specify the filename cdrtest1 on a router with the hostname cme-2821, a file is created with the name cdrtest1.cme-2821.2007_10_28T22_21_41.000, where 2007_10_28T22_21_41.000 is the time that the file was created.

Limit the filename you assign with this command to 25 characters, otherwise it could be truncated when the accounting file is created because the full filename, including the appended hostname and timestamp, is limited to 63 characters.

If the file transfer to this primary device fails, the file accounting process retries the primary device up to the number of times defined by the maximum retry-count command and then switches over to the secondary device defined with the secondary command.

To manually switch back to the primary device when it becomes available, use the file-acct reset command. The system does not automatically switch back to the primary device.

A syslog warning message is generated when flash becomes full.

Examples

The following example shows the primary location of the accounting file is set to an external FTP server and the filename is cdrtest1:

gw-accounting file
 primary ftp server1/cdrtest1 username bob password temp
 secondary flash ifs:cdrtest2
 maximum buffer-size  25
 maximum retry-count 3
 maximum fileclose-timer 720
 cdr-format compact
 

The following examples show how the accounting file is named when it is created. The router hostname and time stamp are appended to the filename that you assign with this command:

cme-2821(config)# primary ftp server1/cdrtest1 username bob password temp
 

The name of the accounting file that is created has the following format:

cdrtest1.cme-2821.06_04_2007_18_44_51.785

Related Commands

Command

Description

file-acct flush

Manually flushes the CDRs from the buffer to the accounting file.

file-acct reset

Manually switches back to the primary device for file accounting.

maximum retry-count

Sets the maximum number of times the router attempts to connect to the primary file device before switching to the secondary device.

secondary

Sets the backup location for storing CDRs if the primary location becomes unavailable.

privacy

To set privacy support at the global level as defined in RFC 3323, use the privacy command in voice service voip sip configuration mode. To remove privacy support as defined in RFC 3323, use the no form of this command.

privacy { pstn | privacy-option [critical] }

no privacy

Syntax Description

pstn

Requests that the privacy service implements a privacy header using the default Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) rules for privacy (based on information in Octet 3a). When selected, this becomes the only valid option.

privacy-option

The privacy support options to be set at the global level. The following keywords can be specified for the privacy-option argument:

  • header -- Requests that privacy be enforced for all headers in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) message that might identify information about the subscriber.
  • history -- Requests that the information held in the history-info header is hidden outside the trust domain.
  • id -- Requests that the Network Asserted Identity that authenticated the user be kept private with respect to SIP entities outside the trusted domain.
  • session -- Requests that the information held in the session description is hidden outside the trust domain.
  • user -- Requests that privacy services provide a user-level privacy function.
Note   

The keywords can be used alone, altogether, or in any combination with each other, but each keyword can be used only once.

critical

(Optional) Requests that the privacy service performs the specified service or fail the request.

Note   

This optional keyword is only available after at least one of the privacy-option keywords (header, history, id, session, or user) has been specified and can be used only once per command.

Command Default

Privacy support is disabled.

Command Modes


Voice service voip sip configuration (conf-serv-sip)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(15)T

This command was introduced.

12.4(22)T

The history keyword was added to provide support for the history-info header information.

Usage Guidelines

Use the privacy command to instruct the gateway to add a Proxy-Require header set to a value supported by RFC 3323 in outgoing SIP request messages.

Use the privacy critical command to instruct the gateway to add a Proxy-Require header with the value set to critical. If a user agent sends a request to an intermediary that does not support privacy extensions, the request fails.

Examples

The following example shows how to set the privacy to PSTN:

Router> enable
 
Router# configure
 terminal
Router(config)# voice
 service
 voip
 
Router(conf-voi-serv)# sip
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy
 pstn

Related Commands

Command

Description

asserted-id

Sets the privacy level and enables either PAI or PPI privacy headers in outgoing SIP requests or response messages.

calling-info pstn-to-sip

Specifies calling information treatment for PSTN-to-SIP calls.

clid (voice-service-voip)

Passes the network-provided ISDN numbers in an ISDN calling party information element screening indicator field, removes the calling party name and number from the calling-line identifier in voice service voip configuration mode, or allows a presentation of the calling number by substituting for the missing Display Name field in the Remote-Party-ID and From headers.

voice-class sip privacy

Sets privacy support at the dial-peer configuration level as defined in RFC 3323.

privacy (supplementary-service)

To prevent phones on a shared line from joining active calls, use the privacy command in supplementary-service voice-port configuration mode. To return to the default behavior, use the no form of this command.

privacy { on | off }

no privacy

Syntax Description

on

Prevents other phones on the shared line to join active calls.

off

Allows other phones on the shared line to join active calls.

Command Default

The no privacy command implies that a port does not decide on its privacy status. It is not the gateway but the Cisco Unified CM that decides on the privacy status of a port.

Command Modes


Supplementary-service voice-port configuration mode (config-stcapp-suppl-serv-port)

Command History

Release

Modification

15.1(3)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The privacy command enables privacy support on analog endpoints that are connected to Foreign Exchange Station (FXS) ports on a Cisco IOS Voice Gateway, such as a Cisco Integrated Services Router (ISR) or Cisco VG224 Analog Phone Gateway.

Use the privacy command to prevent other phones on the shared line to join active calls.

Examples

The following example shows how to turn on privacy support on port 2/4 on a Cisco VG224:

Router(config)# stcapp supplementary-services
Router(config-stcapp-suppl-serv)# port 2/4
Router(config-stcapp-suppl-serv-port)# privacy on
Router(config-stcapp-suppl-serv-port)# end
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

stcapp supplementary-services

Enters supplementary-service configuration mode for configuring STCAPP supplementary-service features on an FXS port.

privacy-policy

To configure the privacy header policy options at the global level, use the privacy-policy command in voice service VoIP SIP configuration mode. To disable privacy header policy options, use the no form of this command.

privacy-policy { passthru | send-always | strip { diversion | history-info } }

no privacy-policy { passthru | send-always | strip { diversion | history-info } }

Syntax Description

passthru

Passes the privacy values from the received message to the next call leg.

send-always

Passes a privacy header with a value of None to the next call leg, if the received message does not contain privacy values but a privacy header is required.

strip

Strips the diversion or history-info headers received from the next call leg.

diversion

Strips the diversion headers received from the next call leg.

history-info

Strips the history-info headers received from the next call leg.

Command Default

No privacy-policy settings are configured.

Command Modes


Voice service VoIP SIP configuration (conf-serv-sip)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(22)YB

This command was introduced.

15.0(1)M

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M.

15.1(2)T

This command was modified. The strip, diversion, and history-info keywords were added.

Usage Guidelines

If a received message contains privacy values, use the privacy-policy passthru command to ensure that the privacy values are passed from one call leg to the next. If the received message does not contain privacy values but the privacy header is required, use the privacy-policy send-always command to set the privacy header to None and forward the message to the next call leg. If you want to strip the diversion and history-info from the headers received from the next call leg, use the privacy-policy strip command. You can configure the system to support all the options at the same time.

Examples

The following example shows how to enable the pass-through privacy policy:

Router> enable
 
Router# configure
 terminal
Router(config)# voice
 service
 voip
 
Router(conf-voi-serv)# sip
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy-policy passthru

The following example shows how to enable the send-always privacy policy:

Router> enable
 
Router# configure
 terminal
Router(config)# voice
 service
 voip
 
Router(conf-voi-serv)# sip
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy-policy send-always

The following example shows how to enable the strip privacy policy:

Router> enable
 
Router# configure
 terminal
Router(config)# voice
 service
 voip
 
Router(conf-voi-serv)# sip
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy-policy strip diversion
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy-policy strip history-info

The following example shows how to enable the pass-through, send-always privacy, and strip policies:

Router> enable
 
Router# configure
 terminal
Router(config)# voice
 service
 voip
 
Router(conf-voi-serv)# sip
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy-policy passthru
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy-policy send-always
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy-policy strip diversion
Router(conf-serv-sip)# privacy-policy strip history-info

Related Commands

Command

Description

asserted-id

Sets the privacy level and enables either PAID or PPID privacy headers in outgoing SIP requests or response messages.

voice-class sip privacy-policy

Configures the privacy header policy options at the dial-peer configuration level.

probing interval

To configure the time interval between probing messages sent by the router, use the probing interval command. To reset the time interval to the default number, use the no form of this command.

probing interval [ keepalive | negative ] seconds

Syntax Description

keepalive

(optional) Configures the time interval between probing messages when the session is in a keepalive state. Range is from 1 to 255 seconds. Default is 5 seconds.

negative

(optional) Configures the time interval between probing messages when the session is in a negative state. Range is from 1 to 20 seconds. Default is 5 seconds.

seconds

Number of seconds between probing message.

Command Default

The default is 120 seconds between probing messages when the session is in a normal state and 5 seconds between probing messages when the session is in a negative state.

Command Modes


uc wsapi configuration mode.

Command History

Release

Modification

15.2(2)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use this command to configure the time interval between probing messages sent by the router.

Examples

The following example sets an interval of 180 seconds for a normal session and 10 seconds when the session is in a negative state.

Router(config)# uc wsapi
Router(config-uc-wsapi)# probing interval keepalive 180
Router(config-uc-wsapi)# probing interval negative 10

Related Commands

Command

Description

message-exchange

Sets the maximum number of failed message responses before the provider stops sending messages.

probing max-failure

Sets the number of messages that the system will send without receiving a reply before the system unregisters the application.

probing max-failures

To configure the maximum number of probing messages that the system attempts to send to the application, and the application does not respond to before the system stops the session and unregisters the application, use the probing max-failures command. To reset the maximum to the default number, use the no form of this command.

probing max-failures number

no probing max-failures number

Syntax Description

number

Maximum number of messages allowed before the system stops the session and unregisters the application. Range is from 1 to 5. Default is 3.

Command Default

The default is 3.

Command Modes


uc wsapi configuration mode

Command History

Release

Modification

15.2(2)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use this command to set the maximum number of probing messages sent by the system that the application does not respond to before the system stops the session and unregisters the application session.

Examples

The following example sets the maximum number of failed messages to 5.

Router(config)# uc wsapi
Router(config-uc-wsapi)# probing max-failures 5

Related Commands

Command

Description

message-exchange

Sets the maximum number of failed message attempts before the provider stops sending messages.

probing interval

Sets the time interval between probing messages.

progress_ind

To configure an outbound dial peer on a Cisco IOS voice gateway or Cisco Unified Border Element (Cisco UBE) to override and remove or replace the default progress indicator (PI) in specified call messages, use the progress_ind command in dial peer voice configuration mode. To disable removal or replacement of the default PI in specific call messages, use the no form of this command.

progress_ind { { alert | callproc } { enable pi-number | disable | strip [strip-pi-number] } | { connect | disconnect | progress | setup } { enable pi-number | disable } }

no progress_ind { alert | callproc | connect | disconnect | progress | setup }

Syntax Description

alert

Specifies that the configuration applies to call Alert messages.

callproc

Specifies that the configuration applies to Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) 183 Session In Progress (Call_Proceeding) messages.

connect

Specifies that the configuration applies to call Connect messages.

disconnect

Specifies that the configuration applies to call Disconnect messages.

progress

Specifies that the configuration applies to call Progress messages.

setup

Specifies that the configuration applies to call Setup messages.

enable

Enables user-specified configuration of the progress indicator on the specified call message type.

pi -number

Specifies the PI to be used in place of the default PI. The following are acceptable PI values according to the call message type:

  • Alert, Connect, Progress, and SIP 183 Session In Progress messages: 1, 2, or 8.
  • Disconnect messages: 8.
  • Setup messages: 0, 1, or 3.

disable

Disables user-specified configuration of the progress indicator on the specified call message type.

strip

Configures the dial peer to remove all or specific progress indicators in the specified call message type.

Note   

This option applies only to call Alert message on POTS dial peers or to call Proceeding messages on VoIP dial peers.

strip-pi -number

(optional) Specifies that only a specific PI is to be removed from the specified call message. The value can be 1, 2, or 8.

Command Default

This command is disabled on the outbound dial peer and the default progress indicator received in the incoming call message is passed intact (it is not intercepted, modified, or removed).

Command Modes


Dial peer voice configuration (conf-dial-peer)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.1(3)XI

This command was introduced on the Cisco 2600 series, Cisco 3600 series, Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, Cisco MC3810, Cisco AS5300, and Cisco AS5800.

12.1(5)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T.

12.2(1)

This command was modified. Support was added for setup messages from a POTS dial peer.

12.2(2)XA

This command was implemented on the Cisco AS5350 and Cisco AS5400.

12.2(2)XB1

This command was implemented on the Cisco AS5850.

12.2(11)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(11)T.

15.0(1)XA

This command was modified. Support was added for stripping of PIs in call Alert and SIP 183 Session In Progress (Call_Proceeding) messages.

15.1(1)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 5.1(1)T.

Usage Guidelines

Before configuring the progress_ind command on an outbound dial peer, you must configure a destination pattern on the dial peer. To configure a destination pattern for an outbound dial peer, use the destination-pattern command in dial peer voice configuration mode. Once you have set a destination pattern on the dial peer, you can then use the progress_ind command, also in dial peer voice configuration mode, to override and replace or remove the default PI in specific call message types.

You can use the progress_ind command to configure replacement behavior on outbound dial peers on a Cisco IOS voice gateway or Cisco UBE to ensure proper end-to-end signaling of VoIP calls. You can also use this command to configure removal (stripping) of PIs on outbound dial peers on Cisco IOS voice gateways or Cisco UBEs, such as when configuring a Cisco IOS SIP gateway (or SIP-SIP Cisco UBE) to not generate additional SIP 183 Session In Progress messages.

For messages that contain multiple PIs, behavior configured using the progress_ind command will override only the first PI in the message. Additionally, configuring a replacement PI will not result in an override of the default PI in call Progress messages if the Progress message is sent after a backward cut-through event, such as when an Alert message with a PI of 8 was sent before the Progress message.

Use the no progress_ind command in dial peer voice configuration mode to disable PI override configurations on a dial peer on a Cisco IOS voice gateway or Cisco UBE.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure POTS dial peer 3 to override default PIs in call Progress and Connect messages and replace them with a PI of 1:

Router(config)# dial-peer voice 3 pots
Router(config-dial-peer)# destination-pattern 555
Router(config-dial-peer)# progress_ind progress enable 1
Router(config-dial-peer)# progress_ind connect enable 1

The following example configures outbound VoIP dial peer 1 to override SIP 183 Session In Progress messages and to strip out any PIs with a value of 8:

Router(config)# dial-peer voice 1 voip
Router(config-dial-peer)# destination-pattern 777
Router(config-dial-peer)# progress_ind callproc strip 8

Related Commands

Command

Description

destination-pattern

Specifies the destination pattern (prefix or full E.164 telephone number) to be used on an outbound dial peer.

protocol mode

To configure the Cisco IOS Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) stack, use the protocol modecommand in SIP user-agent configuration mode. To disable the configuration, use the no form of this command.

protocol mode { ipv4 | ipv6 | dual-stack [ preference { ipv4 | ipv6 } ] }

no protocol mode

Syntax Description

ipv4

Specifies the IPv4-only mode.

ipv6

Specifies the IPv6-only mode.

dual-stack

Specifies the dual-stack (that is, IPv4 and IPv6) mode.

preference {ipv4 | ipv6

(Optional) Specifies the preferred dual-stack mode, which can be either IPv4 (the default preferred dual-stack mode) or IPv6.

Command Default

No protocol mode is configured. The Cisco IOS SIP stack operates in IPv4 mode when the no protocol mode or protocol mode ipv4 command is configured.

Command Modes


SIP user-agent configuration (config-sip-ua)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(22)T

This command was introduced.

15.1(1)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.1(1)T.

Usage Guidelines

The protocol mode command is used to configure the Cisco IOS SIP stack in IPv4-only, IPv6-only, or dual-stack mode. For dual-stack mode, the user can (optionally) configure the preferred family, IPv4 or IPv6.

For a particular mode (for example, IPv6-only), the user can configure any address (for example, both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses) and the system will not hide or restrict any commands on the router. SIP chooses the right address for communication based on the configured mode on a per-call basis.

For example, if the domain name system (DNS) reply has both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and the configured mode is IPv6-only (or IPv4-only), the system discards all IPv4 (or IPv6) addresses and tries the IPv6 (or IPv4) addresses in the order they were received in the DNS reply. If the configured mode is dual-stack, the system first tries the addresses of the preferred family in the order they were received in the DNS reply. If all of the addresses fail, the system tries addresses of the other family.

Examples

The following example configures dual-stack as the protocol mode:

Router(config-sip-ua)# protocol mode dual-stack

The following example configures IPv6 only as the protocol mode:

Router(config-sip-ua)# protocol mode ipv6

The following example configures IPv4 only as the protocol mode:

Router(config-sip-ua)# protocol mode ipv4

The following example configures no protocol mode:

Router(config-sip-ua)# no protocol mode

Related Commands

Command

Description

sip ua

Enters SIP user-agent configuration mode.

protocol rlm port

To configure the RLM port number, use the protocol rlm port RLM configuration command. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.

protocol rlm port port-number

no protocol rlm port port-number

Syntax Description

port -number

RLM port number. See the table below for the port number choices.

Command Default

3000

Command Modes


RLM configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

11.3(7)

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The port number for the basic RLM connection can be reconfigured for the entire RLM group. The table below lists the default RLM port numbers.

Table 2 Default RLM Port Number

Protocol

Port Number

RLM

3000

ISDN

Port[RLM]+1

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear interface

Resets the hardware logic on an interface.

clear rlm group

Clears all RLM group time stamps to zero.

interface

Defines the IP addresses of the server, configures an interface type, and enters interface configuration mode.

link (RLM)

Specifies the link preference.

retry keepalive

Allows consecutive keepalive failures a certain amount of time before the link is declared down.

server (RLM)

Defines the IP addresses of the server.

show rlm group statistics

Displays the network latency of the RLM group.

show rlm group status

Displays the status of the RLM group.

show rlm group timer

Displays the current RLM group timer values.

shutdown (RLM)

Shuts down all of the links under the RLM group.

timer

Overwrites the default setting of timeout values.

provider

To configure and enable a service provider, use the provider command. To remove the provider, use the no form of this command.

provider [ xcc | xsvc | xcdr ]

no provider [ xcc | xsvc | xcdr ]

Syntax Description

xcc

(optional) Enables the XCC service provider.

xsvc

(optional) Enables the XSVC service provider.

xcdr

(optional) Enables the XCDR service provider.

Command Default

No default behavior or values.

Command Modes


uc wsapi configuration mode  

Command History

Release

Modification

15.2(2)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use this command to enable a service provider.

Examples

The following example enables the XCC service provider.

Router(config)# uc wsapi
Router(config-uc-wsapi)# provider xcc
Router(config-uc-wsapi-xcc)# no shutdown

Related Commands

Command

Description

remote-url

Specifies the URL of the application.

source-address

Specifies the IP address of the provider.

uc wsapi

Enters Cisco Unified Communication IOS services configuration mode.

proxy h323

To enable the proxy feature on your router, use the proxy h323 command in global configuration mode. To disable the proxy feature, use the no form of this command.

proxy h323

no proxy h323

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Disabled

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

11.3(2)NA

This command was introduced on the Cisco 2500 series and Cisco 3600 series.

Usage Guidelines

If the multimedia interface is not enabled using this command or if no gatekeeper is available, starting the proxy allows it to attempt to locate these resources. No calls are accepted until the multimedia interface and the gatekeeper are found.

Examples

The following example turns on the proxy feature:

proxy h323

pulse-digit-detection

To enable pulse digit detection at the beginning of a call, use the pulse-digit-detection command in voice-port configuration mode. To disable pulse digit detection, use the no form of this command.

pulse-digit-detection

no pulse-digit-detection

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

Pulse digit detection is enabled.

Command Modes

Voice-port configuration (config-voiceport)

Command History

Release

Modification

15.0(1)M

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Pulse digit detection is disabled at the beginning of a call for any Foreign Exchange Station (FXS) voice port not configured with the no pulse-digit-detection command. By default, pulse digit detection is enabled.


Note


Users should configure the no pulse-digit-detection command only if their equipment generates pulse digits in error when initiating an outbound call.


Examples

The following example shows how to disable pulse digit detection on voice port 2/0/0:

Device> enable
Device# configure terminal
Device(config)# voice-port 2/0/0
Device(config-voiceport)# no pulse-digit-detection
Device(config-voiceport)# end
      

Related Commands

Command

Description

timing pulse

Specifies the pulse dialing rate for a specified voice port.