Loading and Managing System Images Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
Digitally Signed Cisco Software
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Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Contents

Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Last Updated: January 16, 2013

The Digitally Signed Cisco Software feature describes how to identify digitally signed Cisco software, gather software authentication information related to digitally signed images, and perform key revocation. Digitally Signed Cisco software is software that is digitally signed using secure asymmetrical (public-key) cryptography.

The purpose of digitally signed Cisco software is to ensure that customers are confident that the software running within their systems is secure and has not been tampered with, and that the software running in those systems originated from the trusted source as claimed.

For customers concerned about software updates involving digitally signed Cisco software--no action is necessary for customers to take advantage of the increased protection. The system operation is largely transparent to existing practices. Some minor changes in system displays reflect the use of digitally signed Cisco software.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Restrictions for Digitally Signed Cisco Software

The Cisco 19xx Series, 29xx, and 39xx series routers include the functionality described in this document.

The Cisco Catalyst 4500 E+Series switches running IOS XE software and the Cisco ASR 1002-X Router include the functionality described in this document, except for Digitally Signed Software Key Revocation and Replacement.

Information About Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Features and Benefits of Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Three main factors drive digitally signed Cisco software and software integrity verification:

  • The U.S. government is introducing a new version of the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140. FIPS-140-3 is the latest draft and is scheduled for ratification in 2010 and to be effective in 2011. This standard requires software to be digitally signed and to be verified for authenticity and integrity prior to load and execution.
  • The focus on product security provides increased protection from attacks and threats to Cisco products. Digitally signed Cisco software offers increased protection from the installation and loading of software that has been corrupted or modified.
  • Digitally signed Cisco software provides counterfeit protection, which provides further assurance for customers that the equipment they purchase is as claimed.

Digitally Signed Cisco Software Identification

Digitally signed Cisco IOS software is identified by a three-character extension in the image name. The Cisco software build process creates a Cisco IOS image file that contains a file extension based on the signing key that was used to sign images. These file extensions are:

  • .SPA
  • .SSA

The significance of each character in the file extension is explained in the table below.

Table 1 Digitally Signed Cisco Software Images File Extension Character Meanings

File Extension Character

Character Meaning

S (first character)

Stands for digitally signed software.

P or S (second character)

P and S stand for a production and special (development) image, respectively. A production image is Cisco software approved for general release; a special image is development software provided under special conditions for limited use.

A (third character)

Indicates the key version used to digitally sign the image. A key version is identified by an alphabetical character - for example, A,B,C...

Digitally Signed Cisco Software Key Types and Versions

Digitally signed Cisco software keys are identified by the type and version of the key. A key can be a special, production, or rollover key type. Special and production keys can be revoked. A rollover key is used to revoke a production or special key. The second character in the file extension indicates whether the key type is a special or production key. The key type can be "P" for a production key or an "S" for a special key.

Production and special key types have an associated key version. The key version is defined by the third character in the file extension, in the form of an alphabetical character; for example A, B or C. When a key is replaced, the key version is incremented alphabetically. For example, after a key revocation of a key type "P" (production key) with a key version of "A", the new image will be signed with key version "B". Key type and key version are stored as part of the key record in the key storage of the router.

Digitally Signed Cisco Software Key Revocation and Replacement


Note


Key revocation and replacement is not supported on Catalyst 4500 E+Series switches running IOS XE software.

Key Revocation

Key revocation is the process of removing a key from operational use in digitally signed Cisco software.

Key revocation takes place when a key becomes compromised or is no longer used. Key revocation and replacement is only necessary in the event of a certain type of vulnerability or catastrophic loss to Cisco's secure key infrastructure. Operational steps to remedy the situation would only be necessary if notified and directed by Cisco. Notification and direction would occur through posting of advisories or field notices on www.cisco.com.

There are two different key revocation processes depending on the type of key to be revoked:

  • Production key replacement uses a revocation image and a production image
  • Special key replacement uses a production image

Key Replacement

Key replacement is the process of providing a new key to replace a compromised key. The new key is added before the compromised key is revoked. Key replacement is a two-step process:

  1. A new key is added to the key storage to replace the revoked key.
  2. After the image is verified as operating correctly with the new key, the compromised key is revoked from the key storage.

Key Revocation Image

A revocation image is a basic version of the normal image whose function is to add a new production key to the key storage area. A revocation image has no other capabilities. When a key is to be revoked and replaced, one revocation image per key is provided.

A revocation image contains a new production key bundled within it.

A rollover key stored on the platform is used to verify the signature of the revocation image--a valid revocation image is signed using the same rollover key.


Note


A revocation image can be used only in production key revocation.
Important Tasks Concerning the Revocation Image

There are two important tasks concerning the revocation image:

  • Adding the new production key to the key storage area.
  • Performing a production key upgrade check. For more information, see Step 2 in the "Production Key Revocation".
Adding the New Production Key to the Key Storage Area:

The revocation image adds the bundled production key to the key storage. The key is written to the primary and backup key storage areas after the revocation image checks that the key is already not part of the existing set of keys in the key storage.

Performing a Key Upgrade Check:

After the new key is added and the customer has upgraded the software (Cisco IOS and ROMmon), the show software authenticity upgrade-status command should be run. The user can review the command output to determine if the production key is successfully upgraded, and can be selected for the next boot.

Production Key Revocation

A production key (also called the release key) is revoked and replaced using a revocation image signed with a rollover key, because the images signed using the compromised production key cannot be trusted. The ROMmon can boot any image signed using a rollover key. The production key revocation and replacement process involves four steps:

  1. Add the new production key to the key storage. The new production key is bundled within the revocation image.
  2. Perform a software upgrade check using the show software authenticity upgrade-status command to verify the following:
    • The new production key version is installed.
    • The new production key is added to the primary key storage (if not, issue the software authenticity key add production command again with the existing revocation image).
    • The new production key is added to the backup key storage (if not, issue the software authenticity key add production command again with the existing revocation image).
    • The image is configured for autoboot (with the boot system command) signed with the new production key (if not, make sure the new production image is copied into the box and modify the boot system command to point to the new image).
    • The upgradable ROMmon is signed with the new production key (if not, upgrade the ROMmon to the one signed with the new production key).
  3. Once everything is verified, the user may load the production image signed with the new production key by using the reload command.
  4. Once the new production image is loaded, the user may revoke the compromised key using the software authenticity key revoke production command.

Steps 1 and 2 are done using the special revocation image. It is important for the user to do verifications in Step 2 because after a reboot (in Step 3), an old key will not be revoked if any of the software is still using the old key. The verifications help to ensure that the new key is fully installed and the next reboot (in Step 3) will use the new release software and new ROMmon. Revoking the old production key (Step 4) can be done only after the new key and the new software are installed to the system.

Special Key Revocation

A special key is revoked using a production image signed with a production key. Each production image used for special key revocation has a bundled special key that is the latest at the time of building the production image. The special key revocation and replacement process involves three steps:

  1. Add the bundled new special key to the key storage area.
  2. Upgrade the ROMmon that is signed using the compromise special key, to the new ROMmon signed with the new special key.
  3. Revoke the compromised key from the key storage.

Note that Step 3 does not require any reboot and will be done using the production image itself. This is because the customer is already running a production image and invalidation itself happens from the running production image. Special images do not have the capability to add or invalidate any key.

How to Work with Digitally Signed Cisco Software Images

Identifying Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Perform this task to identify digitally signed Cisco software by examining the image filename in the command output from the show version command, and judging it on the criteria described in the "Digitally Signed Cisco Software Identification" section.


Note


If the image file has been renamed by the user, it may not be possible to identify the image because the user may have overwritten the criteria used to indicate that the image is digitally signed.
SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show version


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
show version


Example:

Router# show version

 

Displays information about the Cisco IOS software version running on a routing device, the ROM Monitor and Bootflash software versions, and the hardware configuration, including the amount of system memory.

 

Displaying Digitally Signed Cisco Software Signature Information

Perform this task to display information related to software authentication for the current ROMmon and the Cisco IOS image file used for booting. The display includes image credential information, the key type used for verification, signature information, and other attributes in the signature envelope.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show software authenticity running


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
show software authenticity running


Example:

Router# show software authenticity running

 

Displays software authenticity-related information for the current ROMmon and the Cisco IOS image file used for booting.

 

Displaying Digital Signature Information for a Specific Image File

Perform this task to display the digital signature information related to software authentication for a specific image file.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show software authenticity file {flash0:filename | flash1:filename | flash:filename | nvram:filename | usbflash0:filename | usbflash1:filename}


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
show software authenticity file {flash0:filename | flash1:filename | flash:filename | nvram:filename | usbflash0:filename | usbflash1:filename}


Example:

Router# show software authenticity file usbflash0:c3900-universalk9-mz.SPA

 

Displays digital signature and software authenticity-related information for a specific image file.

 

Displaying Digitally Signed Cisco Software Key Information

Perform this task to display digitally signed Cisco software key information. The information details the software public keys that are in storage with the key types.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show software authenticity keys


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
show software authenticity keys


Example:

Router# show software authenticity keys

 

Displays the software public keys that are in storage with the key types for digitally signed Cisco software.

 

Performing Production Key Revocation for Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Perform this task to perform production key revocation for digitally signed Cisco software.

Before You Begin

This task must be performed with a dedicated revocation image.


SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    sof tware authenticity key add production

3.    show sof tware authenticity upgrade-status

4.    copy [/erase] [/verify | /noverify] source-urldestination-url

5.    copy [/erase] [/verify | /noverify] source-urldestination-url

6.    upgrade rom-monitor file {archive: | cns: | flash0: | flash1: | flash: | ftp: | http: | https: | null: | nvram: | rcp: | scp: | system: | tar: | tftp: | tmpsys: | usbflash0: | xmodem: | ymodem:} [file-path]

7.    reload [/verify | /noverify] [line | in [hhh:mm | mmm [text]] | at hh:mm [text] | reason [reason string] | cancel]

8.    sof tware authenticity key revoke production


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
sof tware authenticity key add production


Example:

Router# software authenticity key add production

 

Adds the bundled production key to the key storage of a router with digitally signed Cisco software when run from a revocation image.

  • An error message will be displayed if this command is used with a special or production image.
 
Step 3
show sof tware authenticity upgrade-status


Example:

Router# show software authenticity upgrade-status

 

Displays software authentication upgrade-status information about the Cisco IOS digitally signed image file and the ROMMON file.

 
Step 4
copy [/erase] [/verify | /noverify] source-urldestination-url


Example:

Router# copy tftp: usbflash0:

 

Copies an image from a TFTP server to the selected router storage area.

  • The new production ROMmon image signed with a new production key is copied to the selected router storage with this command.
 
Step 5
copy [/erase] [/verify | /noverify] source-urldestination-url


Example:

Router# copy /verify tftp: usbflash0:

 

Copies an image from a TFTP server to the selected router storage area.

  • The new production image signed with a new production key is copied to the selected router storage with this command.
  • It is recommended to use the /verify option in order to verify the signature of the new image during the copy process.
 
Step 6
upgrade rom-monitor file {archive: | cns: | flash0: | flash1: | flash: | ftp: | http: | https: | null: | nvram: | rcp: | scp: | system: | tar: | tftp: | tmpsys: | usbflash0: | xmodem: | ymodem:} [file-path]


Example:

Router# upgrade rom-monitor file flash0:C3900_ROMMON_RM2.srec.SPB

 

Upgrades the ROM monitor (ROMMON) image.

 
Step 7
reload [/verify | /noverify] [line | in [hhh:mm | mmm [text]] | at hh:mm [text] | reason [reason string] | cancel]

Example:

Router# reload

 

Reloads the software on the router.

Note    The warm upgrade functionality does not support key revocation.
 
Step 8
sof tware authenticity key revoke production


Example:

Router# software authenticity key revoke production

 

Revokes or invalidates the old production key from the key storage when run from a production image.

  • An error message will be displayed if this command is used with a special image.
Note    This step must be performed after the reload is complete. It is important to be aware of this in the event of a scheduled reload.
 

Performing Special Key Revocation for Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Perform this task to perform special key revocation for digitally signed Cisco software.

Before You Begin

This task must be performed with a production image.


SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    sof tware authenticity key add special

3.    copy [/erase] [/verify | /noverify] source-urldestination-url

4.    copy [/erase] [/verify | /noverify] source-urldestination-url

5.    upgrade rom-monitor file {archive: | cns: | flash0: | flash1: | flash: | ftp: | http: | https: | null: | nvram: | rcp: | scp: | system: | tar: | tftp: | tmpsys: | usbflash0: | xmodem: | ymodem:} [file-path]

6.    sof tware authenticity key revoke special


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
sof tware authenticity key add special


Example:

Router# software authenticity key add production

 

Adds a new special key to the key storage area of a router loaded with digitally signed Cisco software.

  • An error message will be displayed if this command is used with a revocation or special image.

 
Step 3
copy [/erase] [/verify | /noverify] source-urldestination-url


Example:

Router# copy tftp: usbflash0:

 

Copies an image from a TFTP server to the selected router storage area.

  • The new special ROMmon image signed with a new special key is copied to the selected router storage area in this line.
 
Step 4
copy [/erase] [/verify | /noverify] source-urldestination-url


Example:



Example:



Example:



Example:

Router# copy /verify tftp: usbflash0:

 

Copies an image from a TFTP server to the selected router storage area.

  • The new special image signed with a new special key is copied to the selected router storage area in this line.
  • It is recommended to use the /verify option in order to verify the signature of the new image during the copy process.
 
Step 5
upgrade rom-monitor file {archive: | cns: | flash0: | flash1: | flash: | ftp: | http: | https: | null: | nvram: | rcp: | scp: | system: | tar: | tftp: | tmpsys: | usbflash0: | xmodem: | ymodem:} [file-path]


Example:

Router# upgrade rom-monitor file flash0:C3900_ROMMON_RM2.srec.SSB

 

Upgrades the ROM monitor (ROMmon) image in privileged EXEC mode.

 
Step 6
sof tware authenticity key revoke special


Example:

Router# software authenticity key revoke special

 

Revokes or invalidates the old special key from the key storage when run from a production image.

  • An error message will be displayed if run from a special or revocation image.
 

Troubleshooting Digitally Signed Cisco Software Images

Perform this task to troubleshoot digitally signed Cisco software images.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    debug software authenticity {envelope | errors | key | revocation | show | verbose}


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
debug software authenticity {envelope | errors | key | revocation | show | verbose}


Example:

Router# debug software authenticity errors

 

Enables the display of debug messages for digitally signed Cisco software.

 

Configuration Examples for Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Identifying Digitally Signed Cisco Software Example

The following example displays the digitally signed Cisco software image filename and allows a user to identify it based on the digitally signed Cisco software identification criteria:

Router# show version
Cisco IOS Software, C3900 Software (C3900-UNIVERSALK9-M), 
12.4(20090904:044027) [i12 577]
Copyright (c) 1986-2009 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Fri 04-Sep-09 09:22 by xxx
ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.4(20090303:092436) 
C3900-2 uptime is 8 hours, 41 minutes
System returned to ROM by reload at 08:40:40 UTC Tue May 21 1901! 
System image file is "xxx.SPA"
Last reload reason: Reload Command
This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United
States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and
use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply
third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption.
Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for
compliance with U.S. and local country laws. By using this product you
agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable
to comply with U.S. and local laws, return this product immediately.
          
A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at:
http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html
If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to
export@cisco.com.
Cisco xxx (revision 1.0) with CISCxxx with 987136K/61440K bytes of memory.
Processor board ID xxx
3 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
1 terminal line
1 Virtual Private Network (VPN) Module
1 cisco Integrated Service Engine(s)
DRAM configuration is 72 bits wide with parity enabled.
255K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.
1020584K bytes of USB Flash usbflash0 (Read/Write)
1020584K bytes of USB Flash usbflash1 (Read/Write)
500472K bytes of ATA System CompactFlash 0 (Read/Write)
License Info:
License UDI:
-------------------------------------------------
Device#   PID                   SN
-------------------------------------------------
xx        xxx                   xxxx 
Technology Package License Information for Module:'xxx' 
----------------------------------------------------------------
Technology    Technology-package          Technology-package
              Current       Type          Next reboot  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
ipbase        ipbasek9      Permanent     ipbasek9
security      securityk9    Evaluation    securityk9
uc            None          None          None
data          None          None          None
Configuration register is 0x2102

Note the digitally signed image file is identified in the following line:

System image file is "xxx.SPA"

The image has a three-character extension in the filename (.SPA) characteristic of digitally signed Cisco software. Based on the guidelines in the "Digitally Signed Cisco Software Identification" section the first character in the file extension "S" indicates that the image is a digitally signed software image, the second character "P" indicates that the image is digitally signed using a production key, and the third character "A" indicates that the key version is version A.

Displaying Digitally Signed Cisco Software Signature Information Example

The following example shows how to display information related to software authentication for the current ROMmon and Cisco IOS image file used for booting:

Router# show software authenticity running
SYSTEM IMAGE
-------------------
Image type                    : Development
    Signer Information
        Common Name           : xxx
        Organization Unit     : xxx
        Organization Name     : xxx
    Certificate Serial Number : xxx
    Hash Algorithm            : xxx
    Signature Algorithm       : 2048-bit RSA
    Key Version               : xxx
 
    Verifier Information
        Verifier Name         : ROMMON 2
        Verifier Version      :  System Bootstrap, Version 12.4(20090409:084310) 
ROMMON 2
---------------
Image type                    : xxx
    Signer Information
        Common Name           : xxx
        Organization Unit     : xxx
        Organization Name     : xxx
    Certificate Serial Number : xxx
    Hash Algorithm            : xxx
    Signature Algorithm       : 2048-bit RSA
    Key Version               : xx
 
    Verifier Information
        Verifier Name         : ROMMON 2
        Verifier Version      :  System Bootstrap, Version 12.4(20090409:084310) [

The table below describes the significant fields shown in the display.

Table 2 show software authenticity running Field Descriptions

Field

Description

SYSTEM IMAGE

Section of the output displaying the system image information.

Image type

Displays the type of image.

Common Name

Displays the name of the software manufacturer.

Organization Unit

Displays the hardware the software image is deployed on.

Organization Name

Displays the owner of the software image.

Certificate Serial Number

Displays the certificate serial number for the digital signature.

Hash Algorithm

Displays the type of hash algorithm used in digital signature verification.

Signature Algorithm

Displays the type of signature algorithm used in digital signature verification.

Key Version

Displays the key version used for verification.

Verifier Name

Name of the program responsible for performing the digital signature verification.

Verifier Version

Version of the program responsible for performing the digital signature verification.

ROMMON 2

Section of the output displaying the current ROMmon information.

Displaying the Digital Signature Information for a Specific Image File Example

The following example shows how to display the digital signature information related to software authentication for a specific image file:

Router# showsoftwareauthenticityfileflash0:c3900-universalk9-mz.SSA

File Name                     : flash0:c3900-universalk9-mz.SSA 
Image type                    : Development 
    Signer Information 
        Common Name           : xxx 
        Organization Unit     : xxx 
        Organization Name     : xxx 
    Certificate Serial Number : xxx 
    Hash Algorithm            : SHA512 
    Signature Algorithm       : 2048-bit RSA 
    Key Version               : A

The table below describes the significant fields shown in the display.
Table 3 show software authenticity file Field Descriptions

Field

Description

File Name

Name of the filename in the memory. For example, flash0:c3900-universalk9-mz.SSA refers to filename c3900-universalk9-mz.SSA in flash memory (flash0:).

Image type

Displays the type of image.

Signer Information

Signature information.

Common Name

Displays the name of the software manufacturer.

Organization Unit

Displays the hardware the software image is deployed on.

Organization Name

Displays the owner of the software image.

Certificate Serial Number

Displays the certificate serial number for the digital signature.

Hash Algorithm

Displays the type of hash algorithm used in digital signature verification.

Signature Algorithm

Displays the type of signature algorithm used in digital signature verification.

Key Version

Displays the key version used for verification.

Displaying Digitally Signed Cisco Software Key Information Example

The following example displays digitally signed Cisco software key information. The information details the software public keys that are in storage, including their key types.

Router# show software authenticity keys
Public Key #1 Information 
------------------------- 
Key Type             : Release  (Primary) 
Public Key Algorithm : RSA 
Modulus : 
        CC:CA:40:55:8C:71:E2:4A:3A:B6:9D:5C:94:1D:02:BA: 
       ...
        26:04:6B:33:EB:70:2B:18:24:C7:D9:31:3E:77:24:85 
Exponent : xxx 
Key Version          : A 
Public Key #2 Information 
------------------------- 
Key Type             : Development  (Primary) 
Public Key Algorithm : RSA 
Modulus :
        CC:CA:40:55:8C:71:E2:4A:3A:B6:9D:5C:94:1D:02:BA: 
       ....
        26:04:6B:33:EB:70:2B:18:24:C7:D9:31:3E:77:24:85 
Exponent : xxx 
Key Version          : A 

The table below describes the significant fields shown in the display.
Table 4 show software authenticity keys Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Public Key #

Public key number.

Key Type

Displays the key type used for image verification.

Public Key Algorithm

Displays the name of the algorithm used for public key cryptography.

Modulus

Modulus of the public key algorithm.

Exponent

Exponent of the public key algorithm

Key Version

Displays the key version used for verification.

Performing Special Key Revocation for Digitally Signed Cisco Software Example

The following example displays a special key revocation process:

Router# software authenticity key add special
Validating running image...
Validating new special key...
Adding the key to Primary
Checking for duplicate keys
Writing the key...e.Success
Adding the key to Backup
Checking for duplicate keys
Writing the key...e.Success
Done!

The software authenticity key add special command adds the new special key to the primary and backup storage areas of the router and verifies that a duplicate key is not present.

Router# copy tftp: usbflash0:
Address or name of remote host []? 209.165.200.226
Source filename []? rommon_image_location/ C3900_rom-monitor.srec.SSB

The new ROMmon special image file with a new special key is copied to the ROMmon storage area (usbflash0:).

Router# copy /verify tftp: usbflash0:
Address or name of remote host []? 209.165.200.225
Source filename []? image_location/c3900-universalk9-mz.SSB
Destination filename [c3900-universalk9-mz.SSB]? 
Accessing tftp:// 209.165.200.225/image_location/c3900-universalk9-mz.SSB...
Loading image_location/c3900-universalk9-mz.SSB from 209.165.200.225 (via GigabitEthernet0/0): !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
[OK - 52291428 bytes]
 
52291428 bytes copied in 124.804 secs (418988 bytes/sec)
 
Starting image verification
Hash Computation:    100% Done!
Computed Hash   SHA2: 7F54083493EB6B06234CFC5266E538E7
                      .....
                      .....
                      0B17572E9A33735ADCEE26A4E3FDB662
                      
Embedded Hash   SHA2: 7F54083493EB6B06234CFC5266E538E7
                      .....
                      .....
                      0B17572E9A33735ADCEE26A4E3FDB662
                      
CCO Hash        MD5 : 966D4092FA8F5F2E0F74BDCF46511CF7
Digital signature successfully verified in file usbflash0:/c3900-universalk9-mz.SSB

The new special image file with a new special key is copied to the image storage area in the router (usbflash0:) and the signature of the image is verified successfully.

Router# upgrade rom-monitor file usbflash0:C3900_PRIV_RM2.srec.SSB
Platform Field Upgradeable ROMMON LOAD test 
___________________________________________ 
RSA Signature Verification Passed ...
ROM: Digitally Signed Development Software
 
This command will result in a  'power-on reset' of the router! 
Continue? [yes/no]: yes
ROMMON image upgrade in progress.
 
Erasing boot flash eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
Programming boot flash ........................
Now Reloading
FPGA System Reset Fail; Performing IOCTRL System reset
 
System Bootstrap, Version 15.0(1r)M3, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2009 by cisco Systems, Inc.
 
Total memory size = 1024 MB - DIMM0 = 512 MB, DIMM1 = 512 MB
 
 Running new upgrade for first time
 
System Bootstrap, Version 12.4(20090921:163953) [image-rommon 152], DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE
Copyright (c) 1994-2009 by cisco Systems, Inc.
 
Total memory size = 1024 MB - DIMM0 = 512 MB, DIMM1 = 512 MB
Field Upgradeable ROMMON Integrity test 
_______________________________________ 
ROM: Digitally Signed Development Software
CISCO3945 with CISCO3900-MPE140 with 1048576 Kbytes of main memory
Main memory is configured to 72/72(dimm 0/1) bit mode with ECC enabled
Upgrade ROMMON initialized
program load complete, entry point: 0x4000000, size: 0x3f520
Continue to reload the same Production image

The ROMmon file is upgraded to the new ROMmon file in the router.

Router# software authenticity key revoke special 
Finding the new special key in the key storage
Validating running image...
Revoking keys with version less than B
Validating upgradable rommon...
Scanning the keys in Primary
Revoking the key with version A...e.Success
Scanning the keys in Backup
Revoking the key with version A...e.Success
Done!
 
Router#
*Mar  8 10:29:17.219 PST: %DIGISIGN-4-DEV_IMAGE: Upgradable rommon software signed using special key version B

The old special key (Rev A) is revoked from the primary and backup key storage areas.

Enabling Debugging of Digitally Signed Cisco Software Image Key Information Example

The following example shows how to enable debugging of software authentication events relating to key information for digitally signed Cisco software:

Router# debug software authenticity key

Additional References

The following sections provide references related to the Digitally Signed Cisco Software feature.

Related Documents

Related Topic

Document Title

Overview of Cisco IOS software activation

Cisco IOS Software Activation Conceptual Overview

Commands related to Cisco IOS software activation

Cisco IOS Software Activation Tasks and Commands

Standards

Standard

Title

None

--

MIBs

MIB

MIBs Link

No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature.

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs

RFCs

RFC

Title

None

--

Technical Assistance

Description

Link

The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html

Feature Information for Digitally Signed Cisco Software

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Table 5 Feature Information for Digitally Signed Cisco Software

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

Digitally Signed Cisco Software

15.0(1)M, 15.0(1)M2, 15.1(1)T, Cisco IOS XE_3.1.0SG

The Digitally Signed Cisco Software feature describes how to identify digitally signed Cisco software, gather software authentication information related to digitally signed images, and perform key revocation. Digitally Signed Cisco software is software that is digitally signed using secure asymmetrical (public-key) cryptography.

In Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M, this feature was introduced on the Cisco 1941, 2900, and 3900 routers.

This feature was integrated into the Cisco IOS Release 15.1(1)T.

This feature was integrated in Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1.0.SG for the Catalyst 4500 E+Series switches.

The following commands were introduced or modified: debug software authenticity, show software authenticity file, show software authenticity keys, show software authenticity running.

Key Revocation Feature Support

15.0(1)M2, 15.1(1)T

Key revocation feature support was added. Key revocation removes a key from a platform's key storage. A platform can host a production or special image, and a production key (from a production image) or special key (from a special image) may be revoked during key revocation.

The following section provides information about this feature:

  • Digitally Signed Cisco Software Key Revocation and Replacement

This feature was integrated into the Cisco IOS Release 15.1(1)T.

The following commands were introduced or modified: debug software authenticity, show software authenticity upgrade-status, software authenticity key add, software authenticity key revoke, upgrade rom-monitor file.

Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)

Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

© 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.