Authentication Authorization and Accounting Configuration Guide Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
MSCHAP Version 2
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MSCHAP Version 2

MSCHAP Version 2

The MSCHAP Version 2 feature (introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(2)XB5) allows Cisco routers to utilize Microsoft Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol Version 2 (MSCHAP V2) authentication for PPP connections between a computer using a Microsoft Windows operating system and a network access server (NAS).

For Cisco IOS Release 12.4(6)T, MSCHAP V2 now supports a new feature: AAA Support for MSCHAPv2 Password Aging. Prior to Cisco IOS Release 12.4(6)T, when Password Authentication Protocol (PAP)-based clients sent username and password values to the authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) subsystem, AAA generated an authentication request to the RADIUS server. If the password expired, the RADIUS server replied with an authentication failure message. The reason for the authentication failure was not passed back to AAA subsystem; thus, users were denied access because of authentication failure but were not informed why they were denied access.

The Password Aging feature, available in Cisco IOS Release 12.4(6)T, notifies crypto-based clients that the password has expired and provides a generic way for the user to change the password. The Password Aging feature supports only crypto-based clients.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for MSCHAP Version 2

  • Configure an interface type and enter interface configuration mode by using the interface command.
  • Configure the interface for PPP encapsulation by using the encapsulation command.
  • Be sure that the client operating system supports all MSCHAP V2 capabilities.
  • For Cisco IOS Release 12.4(6)T, the Password Aging feature only supports RADIUS authentication for crypto-based clients.
  • To ensure that the MSCHAP Version 2 features correctly interpret the authentication failure attributes sent by the RADIUS server, you must configure the ppp max-bad-auth command and set the number of authentication retries at two or more.
  • In order for the MSCHAP Version 2 feature to support the ability to change a password, the authentication failure attribute, which is sent by the RADIUS server, must be correctly interpreted as described in Configuring MSCHAP V2 Authentication.

In addition, the radius server vsa send authentication command must be configured, allowing the RADIUS client to send a vendor-specific attribute to the RADIUS server. The Change Password feature is supported only for RADIUS authentication.

  • The Microsoft Windows 2000, Microsoft Windows XP, and Microsoft Windows NT operating systems have a known caveat that prevents the Change Password feature from working. You must download a patch from Microsoft at the following URL:

http:/​/​support.microsoft.com/​default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q326770

For more information on completing these tasks, see the section “PPP Configuration ” in the Cisco IOS Dial Technologies Configuration Guide , Release 12.4T. The RADIUS server must be configured for authentication. Refer to vendor-specific documentation for information on configuring RADIUS authentication on the RADIUS server.

Restrictions for MSCHAP Version 2

  • MSCHAP V2 authentication is not compatible with MSCHAP V1 authentication.
  • The change password option is supported only for RADIUS authentication and is not available for local authentication.

Information About MSCHAP Version 2

MSCHAP V2 authentication is the default authentication method used by the Microsoft Windows 2000 operating system. Cisco routers that support this authentication method enable Microsoft Windows 2000 operating system users to establish remote PPP sessions without configuring an authentication method on the client.

MSCHAP V2 authentication introduced an additional feature not available with MSCHAP V1 or standard CHAP authentication: the Change Password feature. This features allows the client to change the account password if the RADIUS server reports that the password has expired.


Note


MSCHAP V2 authentication is an updated version of MSCHAP that is similar to but incompatible with MSCHAP Version 1 (V1). MSCHAP V2 introduces mutual authentication between peers and a Change Password feature.


How to Configure MSCHAP Version 2

Configuring MSCHAP V2 Authentication

To configure the NAS to accept MSCHAP V2 authentication for local or RADIUS authentication and to allow proper interpretation of authentication failure attributes and vendor-specific RADIUS attributes for RADIUS authentication, use the following commands beginning in global configuration mode.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    radius-server vsa send authentication

    4.    interface type number

    5.    ppp max-bad-auth number

    6.    ppp authentication ms-chap-v2

    7.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 radius-server vsa send authentication


    Example:
    Router(config)# radius-server vsa send authentication
     

    Configures the NAS to recognize and use vendor-specific attributes.

     
    Step 4 interface type number


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface FastEthernet 0/1
     

    Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 5 ppp max-bad-auth number


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# ppp max-bad-auth 2
     

    Configures a point-to-point interface to reset immediately after an authentication failure or within a specified number of authentication retries.

    • The default value for the numberargument is 0 seconds (immediately).
    • The range is between 0 and 255.
    Note   

    The number argument must be set to a value of at least 2 for authentication failure attributes to be interpreted by the NAS.

     
    Step 6 ppp authentication ms-chap-v2


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# ppp authentication ms-chap-v2
     

    Enables MSCHAP V2 authentication on a NAS.

     
    Step 7 end


    Example:
    Router(config-if)#
     end
    
     

    Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Verifying MSCHAP V2 Configuration

    To verify that the MSCHAP Version 2 feature is configured properly, perform the following steps.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    show running-config interface type number

      2.    debug ppp negotiation

      3.    debug ppp authentication


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 show running-config interface type number


      Example:
      Router# show running-config interface Asynch65
       

      Verifies the configuration of MSCHAP V2 as the authentication method for the specified interface.

       
      Step 2 debug ppp negotiation


      Example:
      Router# debug ppp negotiation
       

      Verifies successful MSCHAP V2 negotiation.

       
      Step 3 debug ppp authentication


      Example:
      Router# debug ppp authentication
       

      Verifies successful MSCHAP V2 authentication.

       

      Configuring Password Aging for Crypto-Based Clients

      The AAA security services facilitate a variety of login authentication methods. Use the aaa authentication logincommand to enable AAA authentication no matter which of the supported login authentication methods you decide to use. With the aaa authentication logincommand, you create one or more lists of authentication methods that are tried at login. These lists are applied using the login authentication line configuration command.

      After the RADIUS server requests a new password, AAA queries the crypto client, which in turn prompts the user to enter a new password.

      To configure login authentication and password aging for crypto-based clients, use the following commands beginning in global configuration mode.


      Note


      The AAA Password Expiry infrastructure notifies the Easy VPN client that the password has expired and provides a generic way for the user to change the password. Please use RADIUS-server domain-stripping feature wisely in combination with AAA password expiry support.


      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    aaa new-model

        4.    aaa authentication login {default | list-name} passwd-expiry method1 [method2...]

        5.    crypto map map-name client authentication list list-name


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Router> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Router# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 aaa new-model


        Example:
        Router(config)# aaa new-model
         

        Enables AAA globally.

         
        Step 4 aaa authentication login {default | list-name} passwd-expiry method1 [method2...]


        Example:
        Router(config)# aaa authentication login userauthen passwd-expiry group radius
         

        Enables password aging for crypto-based clients on a local authentication list.

         
        Step 5 crypto map map-name client authentication list list-name


        Example:
        
        
                


        Example:
        Router(config)# crypto map clientmap client authentication list userauthen
         

        Configures user authentication (a list of authentication methods) on an existing crypto map.

         

        Configuration Examples

        Configuring Local Authentication Example

        The following example configures PPP on an asynchronous interface and enables MSCHAP V2 authentication locally:

        interface Async65
          ip address 10.0.0.2 255.0.0.0
          encapsulation ppp
          async mode dedicated
          no peer default ip address
          ppp max-bad-auth 3
          ppp authentication ms-chap-v2
          username client password secret

        Configuring RADIUS Authentication Example

        The following example configures PPP on an asynchronous interface and enables MSCHAP V2 authentication via RADIUS:

        interface Async65
          ip address 10.0.0.2 255.0.0.0
          encapsulation ppp
          async mode dedicated
          no peer default ip address
          ppp max-bad-auth 3
          ppp authentication ms-chap-v2
          exit
        aaa authentication ppp default group radius
         radius-server host 10.0.0.2 255.0.0.0
         radius-server key secret
         radius-server vsa send authentication

        Configuring Password Aging with Crypto Authentication Example

        The following example configures password aging by using AAA with a crypto-based client:

        aaa authentication login userauthen passwd-expiry group radius
        !
        aaa session-id common
        !
        crypto isakmp policy 3
         encr 3des
         authentication pre-share
         group 2
        !
        crypto isakmp client configuration group 3000client
         key cisco123
         dns 10.1.1.10
         wins 10.1.1.20
         domain cisco.com
         pool ippool
         acl 153
        !
        crypto ipsec transform-set myset esp-3des esp-sha-hmac 
        !
        crypto dynamic-map dynmap 10
         set transform-set myset 
        !
        crypto map clientmap client authentication list userauthen
        !
        radius-server host 10.140.15.203 auth-port 1645 acct-port 1646
        radius-server domain-stripping prefix-delimiter $
        radius-server key cisco123
        radius-server vsa send authentication
        radius-server vsa send authentication 3gpp2
        !
        end
        

        Additional References

        The following sections provide references related to the MSCHAP Version 2 feature.

        Related Documents

        Related Topic

        Document Title

        Configuring PPP interfaces

        PPP Configuration in the Cisco IOS Dial Technologies Configuration Guide , Release 12.4T.

        Descriptions of the tasks and commands necessary to configure and maintain Cisco networking devices

        Cisco IOS Dial Technologies Command Reference

        Lists of IOS Security Commands

        Cisco IOS Security Command Reference

        Configuring PPP authentication using AAA

        Configuring PPP Authentication Using AAA in the Configuring Authentication module in the Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing User Services , Release 12.4T.

        Configuring RADIUS Authentication

        Configuring RADIUS module in the Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing User Services, Release 12.4T.

        Standards

        Standard

        Title

        No new or modified standards are supported by this feature.

        --

        MIBs

        MIB

        MIBs Link

        No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature.

        To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

        RFCs

        RFC

        Title

        RFC 1661

        Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)

        RFC 2548

        Microsoft Vendor-specific RADIUS Attributes

        RFC 2759

        Microsoft PPP CHAP Extensions, Version 2

        Technical Assistance

        Description

        Link

        The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

        To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

        Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​techsupport

        Feature Information for MSCHAP Version 2

        The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

        Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

        Table 1 Feature Information for MSCHAP Version 2

        Feature Name

        Releases

        Feature Information

        MSCHAP Version 2

        Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S

        The MSCHAP Version 2 feature allows Cisco routers to utilize Microsoft Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol Version 2 (MSCHAP V2) authentication for PPP connections between a computer using a Microsoft Windows operating system and a network access server (NAS).

        The following commands were introduced or modified: aaa authentication login, and ppp authentication ms-chap-v2.