IPsec Data Plane Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15S
Low Latency Queueing for IPsec Encryption Engines
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Low Latency Queueing for IPsec Encryption Engines

Low Latency Queueing for IPsec Encryption Engines

Last Updated: December 3, 2012

The Low Latency Queueing (LLQ) for IPsec Encryption Engines feature helps reduce overall network latency and congestion by queueing priority designated traffic before it is processed by the crypto processing engine. This queueing guarantees a certain level of crypto engine processing time.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines

To use this feature, you should be familiar with the following:

  • Access control lists
  • Bandwidth management
  • CBWFQ

Restrictions for LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines

  • No per-tunnel QoS policy. An interface QoS policy represents all tunnels.
  • Assume the same IP precedence/DSCP marking for inbound and outbound voice packets.
  • Assume the IP precedence/DSCP marking for voice packets are done at the source.
  • Limited match criteria for voice traffic in the interface QoS policy.
  • Assume call admission control is enforced within the enterprise.
  • No strict error checking when aggregate policy's bandwidth exceeds crypto engine bandwidth. Only a warning is displayed but configuration is allowed.
  • Assume voice packets are either all encrypted or unencrypted.

Information About LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines

LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines

Administrators can now use the Low Latency Queueing (LLQ) for IPsec Encryption Engines feature to prioritize voice and data traffic, which was previously only given equal status.

  • Voice packets arriving on a router interface can be identified as priority and be directed into a priority packet inbound queue for crypto engine processing. This queue is called the priority queue. The crypto engine undertakes packet processing in a favorable ratio for voice packets. Voice packets are guaranteed a minimum processing bandwidth on the crypto engine. This feature impacts the end user experience by assuring voice quality if voice traffic is directed onto a congested network.
  • Data packets arriving at a router interface are directed into a data packet inbound queue for crypto engine processing. This queue is called the best effort queue.

How to Configure LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines

Perform the tasks described in this section to configure LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines.


Note


See the Quality of Service Solutions Command Reference to learn more about configuring server policies on interfaces.

Defining Class Maps

The following steps are used to create a class map containing match criteria against which a packet is checked to determine if it belongs to a class:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    class-map class-map-name

4.    match access-group {access-group | name access-group-name}


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Router# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
class-map class-map-name


Example:

Router(config)# class-map voice

 

Specifies the name of the class map to be created.

 
Step 4
match access-group {access-group | name access-group-name}


Example:

-or-



Example:

match input-interface interface-name



Example:

-or-



Example:

match protocol protocol



Example:

Router(config-cmap)# match access-group 102

 
  • The match access-group command specifies the name of the access control list (ACL) against whose contents packets are checked to determine if they belong to the class.
  • The match input-interface command specifies the name of the input interface used as a match criterion against which packets are checked to determine if they belong to the class.
  • The match protocol command specifies the name of the protocol used as a match criterion against which packets are checked to determine if they belong to the class.
 

Configuring Class Policy in the Policy Map

The default class of the policy map (commonly known as the class-default class) is the class to which traffic is directed if that traffic does not satisfy the match criteria of the other classes defined in the policy map.

You can configure class policies for as many classes as are defined on the router, up to the maximum of 64. However, the total amount of bandwidth allocated for all classes in a policy map must not exceed the minimum committed information rate (CIR) configured for the virtual circuit (VC) minus any bandwidth reserved by the frame-relay voice bandwidth and frame-relay ip rtp priority commands. If the minimum CIR is not configured, the bandwidth defaults to one half of the CIR. If all of the bandwidth is not allocated, the remaining bandwidth is allocated proportionally among the classes on the basis of their configured bandwidth.

To configure class policies in a policy map, perform the tasks described in the following sections.

Configuring Class Policy for a Priority Queue

The following steps are used to configure a policy map and give priority to a class within the policy map:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    policy-map policy-map

4.    class class-name

5.    priority bandwidth-kbps


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Router# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
policy-map policy-map


Example:

Router(config)# policy-map policy1

 

Specifies the name of the policy map to be created or modified.

 
Step 4
class class-name


Example:

Router(config-pmap)#class voice

 

Specifies the name of a class to be created and included in the service policy.

 
Step 5
priority bandwidth-kbps


Example:

Router(config-pmap-c)# priority 50

 

Creates a strict priority class and specifies the amount of bandwidth, in kbps, to be assigned to the class.

 

Configuring Class Policy Using a Specified Bandwidth

The following steps are used to configure a policy map and create class policies that make up the service policy. To configure more than one class in the same policy map, repeat Step 2 and Step 3 .

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    policy-map policy-map

4.    class class-name

5.    bandwidth bandwidth-kbps


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Router# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
policy-map policy-map


Example:

Router(config)# policy-map policy1

 

Specifies the name of the policy map to be created or modified.

 
Step 4
class class-name


Example:

Router(config-pmap)# class voice

 

Specifies the name of a class to be created and included in the service policy.

 
Step 5
bandwidth bandwidth-kbps


Example:

Router(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth 20

 

Specifies the amount of bandwidth to be assigned to the class, in kbps, or as a percentage of the available bandwidth. Bandwidth must be specified in kbps or as a percentage consistently across classes. (Bandwidth of the priority queue must be specified in kbps.)

 

Configuring the Class-Default Class Policy

The class-default class is used to classify traffic that does not fall into one of the defined classes. Even though the class-default class is predefined when you create the policy map, you still have to configure it. If a default class is not configured, then traffic that does not match any of the configured classes is given best-effort treatment, which means that the network will deliver the traffic if it can, without any assurance of reliability, delay prevention, or throughput.

The following steps are used to configure a policy map and the class-default class:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    policy-map policy-map

4.    class class-default default-class-name

5.    bandwidth bandwidth-kbps


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Router# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
policy-map policy-map


Example:

Router(config)# policy-map policy-map

 

Specifies the name of the policy map to be created or modified.

 
Step 4
class class-default default-class-name


Example:

Router(config-pmap)# class class-default default-class-name

 

Specifies the default class so that you can configure or modify its policy.

 
Step 5
bandwidth bandwidth-kbps


Example:

-or-



Example:

fair-queue [number-of-dynamic-queues]



Example:

Router(config-pmap-c)# fair-queue

 

Either the bandwidth or fair-queue command can be used for this step.

  • The bandwidth command specifies the amount of bandwidth, in kbps, to be assigned to the class.
  • The fair-queue command specifies the number of dynamic queues to be reserved for use by flow-based WFQ running on the default class. The number of dynamic queues is derived from the bandwidth of the interface.
 

Attaching the Service Policy

The following steps are used to attach a service policy to the output interface and enable LLQ for IPsec encryption engines.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    interface type number

4.    service-policy output policy-map


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Router# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
interface type number


Example:

Router(config)# interface fastethernet0/0

 

Specifies the interface using the LLQ for IPsec encryption engines.

 
Step 4
service-policy output policy-map


Example:

Router(config-if)# service-policy output policy1

 

Attaches the specified service policy map to the output interface and enables LLQ for IPsec encryption engines.

 

Viewing the LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines Configuration

Viewing the LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines Configuration

The following steps are used to view the contents of a specific policy map or all policy maps configured on an interface, and the LLQ for IPsec encryption engines:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show frame-relay pvc dlci

3.    show policy-map interface interface-name

4.    show policy-map interface interface-name dlci dlci-number

5.    show crypto eng qos


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
show frame-relay pvc dlci


Example:

Router# show frame-relay pvc dlci

 

Displays statistics about the PVC and the configuration of classes for the policy map on the specified data-link connection identifier (DLCI).

 
Step 3
show policy-map interface interface-name


Example:

Router# show policy-map interface fastethernet0/0

 

When LLQ is configured, displays the configuration of classes for all policy maps.

 
Step 4
show policy-map interface interface-name dlci dlci-number


Example:

Router# show policy-map interface fastethernet0/0 dlci 100

 

When LLQ is configured, displays the configuration of classes for the policy map on the specified DLCI.

 
Step 5
show crypto eng qos


Example:

Router# show crypto eng qos

 

Displays quality of service queueing statistics for LLQ for IPsec encryption engines.

 

Configuration Examples for LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines

LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines Example

In the following example, a strict priority queue with a guaranteed allowed bandwidth of 50 kbps is reserved for traffic that is sent from the source address 10.10.10.10 to the destination address 10.10.10.20, in the range of ports 16384 through 20000 and 53000 through 56000.

First, the following commands configure access list 102 to match the desired voice traffic:

Router(config)# access-list 102 permit udp host 10.10.10.10 host 10.10.10.20 range 16384 20000
Router(config)# access-list 102 permit udp host 10.10.10.10 host 10.10.10.20 range 53000 56000

Next, the class map voice is defined, and the policy map called policy1 is created; a strict priority queue for the class voice is reserved, a bandwidth of 20 kbps is configured for the class bar, and the default class is configured for WFQ. The service-policy command then attaches the policy map to the fas0/0.

Router(config)# class-map voice
Router(config-cmap)# match access-group 102
Router(config)# policy-map policy1
Router(config-pmap)# class voice
Router(config-pmap-c)# priority 50
Router(config-pmap)# class bar
Router(config-pmap-c)# bandwidth 20
Router(config-pmap)# class class-default
Router(config-pmap-c)# fair-queue
Router(config)# interface fas0/0
Router(config-if)# service-policy output policy1

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic

Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

Security commands

Cisco IOS Security Command Reference

QoS Commands

Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Command Reference

Weighted Fair Queueing

Configuring Weighted Fair Queueing feature module.

MIBs

MIB

MIBs Link

None

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs

Technical Assistance

Description

Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html

Feature Information for LLQ for IPsec Encryption Engines

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Table 1 Feature Information for Low Latency Queueing (LLQ) for IPsec Encryption Engines

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

Feature Information for Low Latency Queueing (LLQ) for IPsec Encryption Engines

12.2(13)T 12.2(14)S

The Low Latency Queueing (LLQ) for IPsec Encryption Engines feature helps reduce overall network latency and congestion by queueing priority designated traffic before it is processed by the crypto processing engine. This queueing guarantees a certain level of crypto engine processing time.

This feature was introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(13)T.

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(14)S.

The following commands were introduced or modified: show crypto eng qos .

Glossary

IKE --Internet Key Exchange. IKE establishes a shared security policy and authenticates keys for services (such as IPsec). Before any IPsec traffic can be passed, each router/firewall/host must verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering preshared keys into both hosts or by a CA service.

IPsec --IP Security. A framework of open standards that provides data confidentiality, data integrity, and data authentication between participating peers. IPsec provides these security services at the IP layer. IPsec uses IKE to handle the negotiation of protocols and algorithms based on local policy and to generate the encryption and authentication keys to be used by IPsec. IPsec can protect one or more data flows between a pair of hosts, between a pair of security gateways, or between a security gateway and a host.

Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)

Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

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