NetFlow Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting and Analysis
Downloads: This chapterpdf (PDF - 1.37MB) The complete bookPDF (PDF - 5.34MB) | The complete bookePub (ePub - 1.17MB) | Feedback

Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting and Analysis

Contents

Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting and Analysis

This module contains information about and instructions for configuring the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature. The MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature allows you to capture IP flow information for packets that are undergoing MPLS label disposition; that is, packets that arrive on a router as MPLS packets and that are transmitted as IP packets.

NetFlow is a Cisco IOS application that provides statistics on packets flowing through the router. It is emerging as a primary network accounting and security technology.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

The network must support the following Cisco IOS features before you enable the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature:

  • Multiprotocol label switching (MPLS)

Before you can configure the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature, you must:

  • Configure the router for IP routing
  • Configure Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) switching or distributed CEF (dCEF) switching on the router and on the interfaces that you want to enable MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting on (fast switching is not supported)

Restrictions for Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

The MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature is not supported in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S and later. Use the Egress NetFlow Accounting feature, which captures either IP or MPLS packets as they leave the router.

Capturing Flows from Sites that Connect to the Same PE Router

The captured egress flows must originate from different sites of the same Virtual Private Network (VPN), and they cannot connect to the same provider edge (PE) router. If both source and destination VPN sites are connected to the PE router, the MPLS egress NetFlow accounting feature does not capture these egress flows. You can capture these flows by enabling ingress NetFlow on the incoming customer edge (CE)-PE link of the PE router. For example, in the figure below, traffic from site 3 (VPN1 destined for site 2) is captured by an ingress NetFlow enabled on the PE2-CE3 link of PE2.

Memory Impact

During times of heavy traffic, the additional flows can fill up the global flow hash table. If you need to increase the size of the global flow hash table, increase the memory of the router.

Performance Impact

MPLS egress NetFlow accounting might adversely affect network performance because of the additional accounting-related computations that occur in the traffic-forwarding path of the router.

Information About Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting Benefits Enhanced Network Monitoring and More Accurate Accounting Statistics

Enhanced Network Monitoring for Complete Billing Solution

You can now capture flows on the egress and ingress router interfaces and obtain complete end-to-end usage information on network traffic. The accounting server uses the collected data for various levels of aggregation for accounting reports and application programming interface (API) accounting information, thus providing a complete billing solution.

More Accurate Accounting Statistics

NetFlow data statistics provided by the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature can account for all packets that are dropped in the core of the service provider network, thus providing more accurate traffic statistics and patterns.

MPLS VPN Flow Capture with MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

The MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature allows you to capture IP flow information for packets that arrive on a router as MPLS packets and are transmitted as IP packets.

This feature allows you to capture the MPLS Virtual Private Network (VPN) IP flows that are traveling through the service provider backbone from one site of a VPN to another site of the same VPN.

Formerly, you could capture flows only for IP packets on the ingress interface of a router. You could not capture flows for MPLS encapsulated frames, which were switched through CEF from the input port. Therefore, in an MPLS VPN environment, you captured flow information when packets were received from a customer edge (CE) router and forwarded to the backbone. However, you could not capture flow information when packets were transmitted to a CE router because those packets were received as MPLS frames.

The MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature lets you capture the flows on the outgoing interfaces.

The figure below shows a sample MPLS VPN network topology that includes four VPN 1 sites and two VPN 2 sites. If MPLS egress NetFlow is enabled on an outgoing PE interface, you can capture IP flow information for packets that arrive at the PE as MPLS packets (from an MPLS VPN) and that are transmitted as IP packets. For example,

  • To capture the flow of traffic going to site 2 of VPN 1 from any remote VPN 1 sites, you enable MPLS egress NetFlow on link PE2-CE5 of provider edge router PE2.
  • To capture the flow of traffic going to site 1 of VPN 2 from any remote VPN 2 site, you enable MPLS egress NetFlow on link PE3-CE4 of the provider edge router PE3.

The flows are stored in a global flow cache maintained by the router. You can use the show ip cache flow command or other aggregation flow commands to view the egress flow data.

Figure 1. Sample MPLS VPN Network Topology with MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

The PE routers export the captured flows to the configured collector devices in the provider network. Applications such as the Network Data Analyzer or the VPN Solution Center (VPN-SC) can gather information from the captured flows and compute and display site-to-site VPN traffic statistics.

How to Configure MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

Perform the steps in this required task to configure MPLS egress NetFlow accounting.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface interface-type interface-number

    4.    mpls netflow egress

    5.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    (Required) Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    (Required) Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface interface-type interface-number


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface ethernet 1/4
     

    (Required) Specifies the interface and enters interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 mpls netflow egress


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# mpls netflow egress
     

    (Required) Enables the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature on the egress router interface.

     
    Step 5 end


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# end
     

    (Required) Exits the current configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Troubleshooting Tips

    To display debug messages for MPLS egress NetFlow accounting, use the debug mpls netflowcommand.

    Verifying MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting Configuration

    Perform the steps in this optional task to verify that the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting configuration is as you expect.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    show ip cache flow

      2.    show mpls forwarding-table detail

      3.    show mpls interfaces internal


    DETAILED STEPS
      Step 1   show ip cache flow

      Use this command to verify that the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting configuration is as you expect. For example:



      Example:
      Router# show ip cache flow
      IP packet size distribution (10 total packets):
         1-32   64   96  128  160  192  224  256  288  320  352  384  416  448  480
         .000 .000 .000 1.00 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000
          512  544  576 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096 4608
         .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000
      IP Flow Switching Cache, 4456704 bytes
        1 active, 65535 inactive, 2 added
        26 ager polls, 0 flow alloc failures
        Active flows timeout in 30 minutes
        Inactive flows timeout in 15 seconds
        last clearing of statistics never
      Protocol         Total    Flows   Packets Bytes  Packets Active(Sec) Idle(Sec)
      --------         Flows     /Sec     /Flow  /Pkt     /Sec     /Flow     /Flow
      ICMP                 1      0.0         5   100      0.0       0.0      15.7
      Total :              1      0.0         5   100      0.0       0.0      15.7
      SrcIf         SrcIPaddress    DstIf         DstIPaddress 	Pr SrcP DstP  Pkts
      Et1/1         209.165.200.225 Et1/4         209.165.201.2 	01 0000 0800     5
      
      Step 2   show mpls forwarding-table detail

      Use this command to verify the configuration of MPLS egress NetFlow accounting. Check that the quick flag is set for prefixes, which indicates capture by MPLS egress NetFlow accounting. For example:



      Example:
      Router# show mpls forwarding-table detail
      Local  Outgoing    Prefix            Bytes tag  Outgoing   Next Hop
      tag    tag or VC   or Tunnel Id      switched   interface
      16     Aggregate   34.0.0.0/8[V]     0
              MAC/Encaps=0/0, MTU=0, Tag Stack{}
              VPN route: vpn1
              Feature Quick flag set
      Note   

      As shown above, the quick flag is set for the first two prefixes; therefore, traffic destined for those prefixes is captured by MPLS egress NetFlow accounting.



      Example:
      Per-packet load-sharing, slots: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 
      17     Untagged    2.0.0.0/8[V]      0          Et0/0/2    34.0.0.1
              MAC/Encaps=0/0, MTU=1500, Tag Stack{}
              VPN route: vpn1
              Feature Quick flag set
      Per-packet load-sharing, slots: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
      18     Untagged    42.42.42.42/32[V] 4185       Et0/0/2    34.0.0.1
              MAC/Encaps=0/0, MTU=1500, Tag Stack{}
              VPN route: vpn1
              Feature Quick flag set
      Per-packet load-sharing, slots: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
      19     2/33        41.41.41.41/32    0          AT1/0/0.1  point2point
              MAC/Encaps=4/8, MTU=4470, Tag Stack{2/33(vcd=2)}
              00028847 00002000
              No output feature configured
      Note   

      As shown above, the feature is not configured because MPLS egress NetFlow accounting is not enabled on the outgoing interface for this prefix.



      Example:
      Per-packet load-sharing, slots: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
      20     Aggregate   39.39.39.39/32[V] 0
      Local  Outgoing    Prefix            Bytes tag  Outgoing   Next Hop
      tag    tag or VC   or Tunnel Id      switched   interface
              MAC/Encaps=0/0, MTU=0, Tag Stack{}
              VPN route: vpn1
              No output feature configured
      Per-packet load-sharing, slots: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
      Router#
      
      Step 3   show mpls interfaces internal

      Use this command to show whether or not MPLS egress NetFlow accounting is enabled on the interface. For example:



      Example:
      Router# show mpls interfaces internal
      Interface Ethernet0/0/1:
              IP tagging enabled (tdp)
              TSP Tunnel tagging not enabled
              Tag Frame Relay Transport tagging not enabled
              Tagging operational
              IP to Tag Fast Feature Switching Vector
      Tag Switching Turbo Feature Vector
              MTU = 1500, status=0x100043, appcount=1
              Output_feature_state=0x0
       
      Note   

      The "Output_feature_state=0x0" entry indicates that MPLS egress NetFlow accounting is disabled on interface Ethernet 0/0/1.



      Example:
      Tag VPI = 1, Control VC = 0/32
      Interface Ethernet0/0/2: 
              IP tagging enabled (tdp)
              TSP Tunnel tagging not enabled
              Tag Frame Relay Transport tagging not enabled
              Tagging operational
              IP to Tag Fast Feature Switching Vector
              Tag Switching Turbo Feature Vector
              MTU = 1500, status=0x100043, appcount=1
              Output_feature_state=0x1
       
      Note   

      The "Output_feature_state=0x1" entry indicates that MPLS egress NetFlow accounting is enabled on interface Ethernet 0/0/2.



      Example:
      Tag VPI = 1, Control VC = 0/32
      Interface ATM1/0/0.1:
              IP tagging enabled (tdp)
      

      Configuration Examples for Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

      Enabling MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting Example

      This section contains a sample configuration for the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature.

      The show ip vrfcommand lists the Virtual Private Network (VPN) routing and forwarding instances (VRFs) configured in the router:

      Router# show ip vrf
        Name                             Default RD          Interfaces
        vpn1                             100:1               Ethernet1/4
                                                             Loopback1
        vpn3                             300:1               Ethernet1/2
                                                             Loopback2
      

      In the following example, MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting is enabled on interface Ethernet 1/4:

      configure terminal
      !
      interface ethernet 1/4
       ip address 172.17.24.2 255.255.255.0
       mpls netflow egress
       exit
      

      Enter the show running-configcommand to view the current configuration in the router:

      Router# show running-config
      Building configuration...
      Current configuration:
      !
      version 12.0
      service timestamps debug uptime
      service timestamps log uptime
      no service password-encryption
      ip cef
      no ip domain-lookup
      !

      This section of the output shows the VRF being defined and shows that the MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature is enabled:

      ip vrf vpn1
       rd 100:1
       route-target export 100:1
       route-target import 100:1
      !
      interface Loopback0
       ip address 10.41.41.41 255.255.255.255
       no ip directed-broadcast
       no ip mroute-cache
      !
      interface Ethernet1/4
       ip vrf forwarding vpn1
       ip address 172.17.24.2 255.255.255.0
       no ip directed-broadcast
       mpls netflow egress
      !

      Additional References

      Related Documents

      Related Topic

      Document Title

      Overview of Cisco IOS NetFlow

      Cisco IOS NetFlow Overview

      The minimum information about and tasks required for configuring NetFlow and NetFlow Data Export

      Getting Started with Configuring NetFlow and NetFlow Data Export

      Tasks for configuring NetFlow to capture and export network traffic data

      Configuring NetFlow and NetFlow Data Export

      Tasks for configuring Configuring MPLS Aware NetFlow

      Configuring MPLS Aware NetFlow

      Tasks for configuring NetFlow input filters

      Using NetFlow Filtering or Sampling to Select the Network Traffic to Track

      Tasks for configuring Random Sampled NetFlow

      Using NetFlow Filtering or Sampling to Select the Network Traffic to Track

      Tasks for configuring NetFlow aggregation caches

      Configuring NetFlow Aggregation Caches

      Tasks for configuring NetFlow BGP next hop support

      Configuring NetFlow BGP Next Hop Support for Accounting and Analysis

      Tasks for configuring NetFlow multicast support

      Configuring NetFlow Multicast Accounting

      Tasks for detecting and analyzing network threats with NetFlow

      Detecting and Analyzing Network Threats With NetFlow

      Tasks for configuring NetFlow Reliable Export With SCTP

      NetFlow Reliable Export With SCTP

      Tasks for configuring NetFlow Layer 2 and Security Monitoring Exports

      NetFlow Layer 2 and Security Monitoring Exports

      Tasks for configuring the SNMP NetFlow MIB

      Configuring SNMP and using the NetFlow MIB to Monitor NetFlow Data

      Tasks for configuring the NetFlow MIB and Top Talkers feature

      Configuring NetFlow Top Talkers using Cisco IOS CLI Commands or SNMP Commands

      Information for installing, starting, and configuring the CNS NetFlow Collection Engine

      Cisco CNS NetFlow Collection Engine Documentation

      Standards

      Standard

      Title

      No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

      --

      MIBs

      MIB

      MIBs Link

      No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

      To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

      RFCs

      RFC

      Title

      RFC 1163

      Border Gateway Protocol (BGP )

      RFC 1340

      Assigned Numbers

      RFC 1918

      Address Allocation For Private Internets

      RFC 2547

      BGP/MPLS VPNs

      Technical Assistance

      Description

      Link

      The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

      To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

      Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

      Feature Information for Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

      The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

      Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

      Table 1 Feature Information for Configuring MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

      Feature Name

      Releases

      Feature Configuration Information

      MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting

      12.1(5)T 12.0(20)S

      The MPLS Egress NetFlow Accounting feature allows you to capture IP flow information for packets that are undergoing MPLS label disposition; that is, packets that arrive on a router as MPLS packets and that are transmitted as IP packets.

      The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature: debug mpls netflow, mpls netflow egress, show mpls forwarding-table, and show mpls interface.

      Glossary

      BGP --Border Gateway Protocol. An interdomain routing protocol that replaces Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP). A BGP system exchanges reachability information with other BGP systems. BGP is defined by RFC 1163.

      BGP/MPLS/VPN --A Virtual Private Network (VPN) solution that uses Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) and Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to allow multiple remote customer sites to be connected over an IP backbone. Refer to RFC 2547 for details.

      CE router --A customer edge router. A router that is part of a customer network and interfaces to a provider edge (PE) router.

      customer network --A network that is under the control of an end customer. A customer network can use private addresses as defined in RFC 1918. Customer networks are logically isolated from each other and from the provider network. A customer network is also known as a C network.

      egress PE --The provider edge router through which traffic moves from the backbone to the destination Virtual Private Network (VPN) site.

      flow --A set of packets with the same source IP address, destination IP address, source/destination ports, and type-of-service, and the same interface on which flow is monitored. Ingress flows are associated with the input interface, and egress flows are associated with the output interface.

      ingress PE --The provider edge router through which traffic enters the backbone (provider network) from a Virtual Private Network (VPN) site.

      label --A short, fixed length identifier that tells switching nodes how the data (packets or cells) should be forwarded.

      MPLS --Multiprotocol Label Switching. An emerging industry standard for the forwarding of packets along normally routed paths (sometimes called MPLS hop-by-hop forwarding).

      PE route r--A provider edge router. A router at the edge of a provider network that interfaces to customer edge (CE) routers.

      provider network --A backbone network that is under the control of a service provider and provides transport among customer sites. A provider network is also known as the P network.

      VPN --Virtual Private Network. The result of a router configuration that enables IP traffic to use tunneling to travel securely over a public TCP/IP network.

      VRF --Virtual Private Network (VPN) routing/forwarding instance. The VRF is a key element in the MPLS VPN technology. VRFs exist on PEs only. A VRF is populated with VPN routes and allows one PE to have multiple routing tables. One VRF is required per VPN on each PE in the VPN.