IPv6 Network Management Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 1000)
SSH Support Over IPv6
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SSH Support Over IPv6

SSH Support Over IPv6

Secure Shell (SSH) provides support for IPv6 addresses that enable a Cisco device to accept and establish secure, encrypted connections with remote IPv6 nodes over an IPv6 transport.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for SSH Support over IPv6

  • An IPsec (Data Encryption Standard [DES] or 3DES) encryption software image is loaded on your device. IPv6 transport for the SSH server and SSH client requires an IPsec encryption software image.
  • A hostname and host domain are configured for your device.
  • A Rivest, Shamir, and Adelman (RSA) key pair, which automatically enables SSH, is generated for your device.
  • A user authentication mechanism for local or remote access is configured on your device.
  • To authenticate SSH clients, configure TACACS+ or RADIUS over an IPv4 transport and then connect to an SSH server over an IPv6 transport.

The basic restrictions for SSH over an IPv4 transport apply to SSH over an IPv6 transport. The use of locally stored usernames and passwords is the only user authentication mechanism supported by SSH over an IPv6 transport. TACACS+ and RADIUS user authentication mechanisms are not supported over an IPv6 transport.

Information About SSH Support over IPv6

SSH over an IPv6 Transport

Secure shell (SSH) SSH in IPv6 functions the same and offers the same benefits as SSH in IPv4. The SSH server feature enables an SSH client to make a secure, encrypted connection to a Cisco device, and the SSH client feature enables a Cisco device to make a secure, encrypted connection to another Cisco device or to any other device running an SSH server. IPv6 enhancements to SSH consist of support for IPv6 addresses that enable a Cisco device to accept and establish secure, encrypted connections with remote IPv6 nodes over an IPv6 transport.

How to Enable SSH Support over IPv6

Enabling SSH on an IPv6 Device

This task is optional. If you do not configure SSH parameters, then the default values will be used.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip ssh [timeout seconds | authentication-retries integer]

    4.    exit

    5.    ssh [ -v { 1 | 2 } | c { 3des | aes128-cbc | aes192-cbc | aes256-cbc } | -l userid | -l userid:vrfname number ip-address ip-address | -l userid:rotary number ip-address | -m { hmac-md5 | hmac-md5-96 | hmac-sha1 | hmac-sha1-96 } | -o numberofpasswordprompts n | -p port-num] { ip-addr | hostname} [ command | -vrf]


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ip ssh [timeout seconds | authentication-retries integer]


    Example:
    Device(config)# IP ssh timeout 100 authentication-retries 2
     

    Configures SSH control variables on your device.

     
    Step 4 exit


    Example:
    Device(config)# exit
     

    Exits configuration mode, and returns the device to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 5 ssh [ -v { 1 | 2 } | c { 3des | aes128-cbc | aes192-cbc | aes256-cbc } | -l userid | -l userid:vrfname number ip-address ip-address | -l userid:rotary number ip-address | -m { hmac-md5 | hmac-md5-96 | hmac-sha1 | hmac-sha1-96 } | -o numberofpasswordprompts n | -p port-num] { ip-addr | hostname} [ command | -vrf]


    Example:
    Device# ssh -l userid1 2001:db8:2222:1044::72 
     

    Starts an encrypted session with a remote networking device.

     

    Configuration Examples for SSH Support over IPv6

    Example: Enabling SSH on an IPv6 Device

    Device# configure terminal
    Device(config)# ip ssh
    Device(config)# exit
    Device(config)# ssh -l userid1 2001:db8:2222:1044::72

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    IPv6 addressing and connectivity

    IPv6 Configuration Guide

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    IPv6 commands

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

    Cisco IOS IPv6 features

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

    Standards and RFCs

    Standard/RFC

    Title

    RFCs for IPv6

    IPv6 RFCs

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for SSH Support over IPv6

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for SSH Support over IPv6

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    SSH Support over IPv6

    12.2(8)T

    12.2(17a)SX1

    12.2(25)SEE

    12.2(25)SG

    12.2(33)SRA

    15.0(2)SG

    Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

    3.2SG

    SSH provides support for IPv6 addresses that enable a Cisco device to accept and establish secure, encrypted connections with remote IPv6 nodes over an IPv6 transport.

    The following commands were introduced or modified: ip ssh, ssh.