IPv6 Implementation Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
PIMv6 Anycast RP Solution
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PIMv6: Anycast RP Solution

PIMv6 Anycast RP Solution

Last Updated: August 1, 2012
The anycast RP solution in IPv6 PIM allows an IPv6 network to support anycast services for the PIM-SM RP. It allows anycast RP to be used inside a domain that runs PIM only. Anycast RP can be used in IPv4 as well as IPv6, but it does not depend on the Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP), which runs only on IPv4. This feature is useful when interdomain connection is not required.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About the PIMv6 Anycast RP Solution

PIMv6 Anycast RP Solution Overview

The anycast RP solution in IPv6 PIM allows an IPv6 network to support anycast services for the PIM-SM RP. It allows anycast RP to be used inside a domain that runs PIM only. Anycast RP can be used in IPv4 as well as IPv6, but it does not depend on the Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP), which runs only on IPv4. This feature is useful when interdomain connection is not required.

Anycast RP is a mechanism that ISP-based backbones use to get fast convergence when a PIM RP device fails. To allow receivers and sources to rendezvous to the closest RP, the packets from a source need to get to all RPs to find joined receivers.

A unicast IP address is chosen as the RP address. This address is either statically configured or distributed using a dynamic protocol to all PIM devices throughout the domain. A set of devices in the domain is chosen to act as RPs for this RP address; these devices are called the anycast RP set. Each device in the anycast RP set is configured with a loopback interface using the RP address. Each device in the anycast RP set also needs a separate physical IP address to be used for communication between the RPs.

The RP address, or a prefix that covers the RP address, is injected into the unicast routing system inside of the domain. Each device in the anycast RP set is configured with the addresses of all other devices in the anycast RP set, and this configuration must be consistent in all RPs in the set.

PIMv6 Anycast RP Normal Operation

The following illustration shows PIMv6 anycast RP normal operation and assumes the following:
  • RP1, RP2, RP3, and RP4 are members in the same anycast RP group.
  • S11 and S31 are sources that use RP1 and RP3, respectively, based on their unicast routing metric.
  • R11, R12, R2, R31, and R32 are receivers. Based on their unicast routing metrics, R11 and R12 join to RP1, R2 joins to RP2 and R31, and R32 joins to RP3, respectively.

The following sequence of events occurs when S11 starts sending packets:

  1. DR1 creates (S,G) states and sends a register to RP1. DR1 may also encapsulate the data packet in the register.
  2. Upon receiving the register, RP1 performs normal PIM-SM RP functionality, and forwards the packets to R11 and R12.
  3. RP1 also sends the register (which may encapsulate the data packets) to RP2, RP3, and RP4.
  4. RP2, RP3, and RP4 do not further forward the register to each other.
  5. RP2, RP3, and RP4 perform normal PIM-SM RP functionality, and if there is a data packet encapsulated, RP2 forwards the data packet to R2 and RP3 forwards the data packet to R31 and R32, respectively.
  6. The previous five steps repeat for null registers sent by DR1.

PIMv6 Anycast RP Failover

The following illustration shows PIM anycast RP failover.

In failover, when RP1 is not reachable, the following occurs:
  • Registers from DR1 will be routed transparently to RP2.
  • R11 uses RP2 as the RP, and R12 uses RP4 as the RP.
  • Registers from DR1 will be routed from RP2 to RP3 and RP4.

In this way, the loss of the RP (RP1 in this case) is transparent to DR1, R11, and R12, and the network can converge as soon as the IGP is converged.

How to Configure the PIMv6 Anycast RP Solution

Configuring PIMv6 Anycast RP

This task describes how to configure two PIMv6 anycast RP peers. Steps 3 through 11 show the configuration for RP1, and Steps 12 through 19 show the configuration for RP2.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.   ipv6 pim [vrf vrf-name] rp-address ipv6-address [group-address-list ] [bidir]

4.   interface type number

5.   ipv6 address {ipv6-address/prefix-length | prefix-name sub-bits /prefix-length}

6.   no shut

7.   interface type number

8.   ipv6 address {ipv6-address/prefix-length | prefix-name sub-bits /prefix-length}

9.   no shut

10.    exit

11.   ipv6 pim anycast-RP rp-address peer-address

12.   ipv6 pim [vrf vrf-name] rp-address ipv6-address [group-address-list ] [bidir]

13.   interface type number

14.   ipv6 address {ipv6-address/prefix-length | prefix-name sub-bits /prefix-length}

15.   no shut

16.   interface type number

17.   ipv6 address {ipv6-address/prefix-length | prefix-name sub-bits /prefix-length}

18.   no shut

19.   ipv6 pim anycast-RP rp-address peer-address


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Device> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Device# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
ipv6 pim [vrf vrf-name] rp-address ipv6-address [group-address-list ] [bidir]


Example:

Device# ipv6 pim rp-address 2001:DB8::1:1 acl_sparse1

 

Configures the address of a PIM RP for a particular group range.

 
Step 4
interface type number


Example:

Device(config)# interface Loopback4

 

Specifies an interface type and number, and places the device in interface configuration mode.

 
Step 5
ipv6 address {ipv6-address/prefix-length | prefix-name sub-bits /prefix-length}


Example:

Device(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:DB8::4:4/64

 

Configures an IPv6 address based on an IPv6 general prefix and enable IPv6 processing on an interface.

 
Step 6
no shut


Example:

Device(config-if)# no shut

 

Enables an interface.

 
Step 7
interface type number


Example:

Device(config-if)# interface Loopback5

 

Specifies an interface type and number, and places the device in interface configuration mode.

 
Step 8
ipv6 address {ipv6-address/prefix-length | prefix-name sub-bits /prefix-length}


Example:

Device(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:DB8:0:ABCD::1/64

 

Configures an IPv6 address based on an IPv6 general prefix and enable IPv6 processing on an interface.

 
Step 9
no shut


Example:

Device(config-if)# no shut

 

Enables an interface.

 
Step 10
exit


Example:

Device(config-if)# exit

 

Enter this command to exit interface configuration mode and enter global configuration mode.

 
Step 11
ipv6 pim anycast-RP rp-address peer-address


Example:

Device(config)# ipv6 pim anycast-rp 2001:DB8:0:ABCD::1 2001:DB8::3:3

 

Use this command to configure the address of the PIM RP for an anycast group range.

 
Step 12
ipv6 pim [vrf vrf-name] rp-address ipv6-address [group-address-list ] [bidir]


Example:

Device (config)# ipv6 pim rp-address 2001:DB8::1:1 acl_sparse1

 

Configures the address of a PIM RP for a particular group range.

 
Step 13
interface type number


Example:

Device(config)# interface Loopback4

 

Specifies an interface type and number, and places the device in interface configuration mode.

 
Step 14
ipv6 address {ipv6-address/prefix-length | prefix-name sub-bits /prefix-length}


Example:

Device(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:DB8::3:3/64

 

Configures an IPv6 address based on an IPv6 general prefix and enables IPv6 processing on an interface.

 
Step 15
no shut


Example:

Device(config-if)# no shut

 

Enables an interface.

 
Step 16
interface type number


Example:

Device(config-if)# interface Loopback5

 

Specifies an interface type and number, and places the device in interface configuration mode.

 
Step 17
ipv6 address {ipv6-address/prefix-length | prefix-name sub-bits /prefix-length}


Example:

Device(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:DB8:0:ABCD::1/64

 

Configures an IPv6 address based on an IPv6 general prefix and enables IPv6 processing on an interface.

 
Step 18
no shut


Example:

Device(config-if)# no shut

 

Enables an interface

 
Step 19
ipv6 pim anycast-RP rp-address peer-address


Example:

Device(config-if)# ipv6 pim anycast-rp 2001:DB8::1:1 2001:DB8::4:4

 

Use this command to configure the address of the PIM RP for an anycast group range.

 

Configuration Examples for the PIMv6 Anycast RP Solution

Example: Configuring PIMv6 Anycast RP

RP1
Device1(config)# ipv6 pim rp-address 2001:DB8::1:1 acl_sparse1
Device1(config)# interface Loopback4
Device1(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:DB8::4:4/64
Device1(config-if)# no shut

Device1(config)# interface Loopback5
Device1(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:DB8:0:ABCD::1/64
Device1(config-if)# no shut
Device1(config-if)# exit
Device1(config)# ipv6 pim anycast-rp 2001:DB8:0:ABCD::1 2001:DB8::3:3

RP2 (Anycast RP Peer)
Device2(config)# ipv6 pim rp-address 2001:DB8::1:1 acl_sparse1
Device2(config)# interface Loopback4
Device2(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:DB8::3:3/64
Device2(config-if)# no shut

Device2(config)# interface Loopback5
Device2(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:DB8:0:ABCD::1/64
Device2(config-if)# no shut
Device2(config)# ipv6 pim anycast-rp 2001:DB8::1:1 2001:DB8::4:4
Device2 show ipv6 pim anycast-rp 2001:DB8::1:1

Anycast RP Peers For 2001:DB8::1:1   Last Register/Register-Stop received
  2001:DB8::3:3 00:00:00/00:00:00
  2001:DB8::4:4 00:00:00/00:00:00

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

IPv6 commands

Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

Cisco IOS IPv6 features

Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

Standards and RFCs

Standard/RFC Title

RFC 4610

Anycast-RP Using Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM)

Technical Assistance

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http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html

Feature Information for PIMv6 Anycast RP Solution

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Table 1 Feature Information for the PIMv6: Anycast RP Solution
Feature Name Releases Feature Information

PIMv6: Anycast RP Solution

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4S

The anycast RP solution in IPv6 PIM allows an IPv6 network to support anycast services for the PIM-SM RP. It allows anycast RP to be used inside a domain that runs PIM only.

The following commands were introduced or modified: ipv6 pim anycast-RP, show ipv6 pim anycast-RP.

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Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

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