IPv6 Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 12.2SY
Implementing DHCP for IPv6
Implementing DHCP for IPv6
Last Updated: December 1, 2011
This module describes how to configure Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) for IPv6.
Finding Feature Information
Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the Feature Information Table at the end of this document.
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Restrictions for Implementing DHCP for IPv6
Information About Implementing DHCP for IPv6
DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation
The IPv6 Access Services--DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation feature can be used to manage link, subnet, and site addressing changes. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6) can be used in environments to deliver stateful and stateless information. The definitions are given below:
Extensions to DHCPv6 also enable prefix delegation, through which an ISP can automate the process of assigning prefixes to a customer for use within the customer's network. Prefix delegation occurs between a provider edge (PE) device and customer premises equipment (CPE) using the DHCPv6 prefix delegation option. Once the ISP has delegated prefixes to a customer, the customer may further subnet and assign prefixes to the links in the customer's network.
Configuring Nodes Without Prefix Delegation
Stateless DHCPv6 allows DHCPv6 to be used for configuring a node with parameters that do not require a server to maintain any dynamic state for the node. The use of stateless DHCP is controlled by router advertisement (RA) messages multicasted by routers. The DHCPv6 client will invoke stateless DHCPv6 when it receives an appropriate RA. The DHCPv6 server will respond to a stateless DHCPv6 request with the appropriate configuration parameters, such as the DNS servers and domain search list options.
Client and Server Identification
Each DHCPv6 client and server is identified by a DHCP unique identifier (DUID). The DUID is carried in client identifier and server identifier options. The DUID is unique across all DHCP clients and servers, and it is stable for any specific client or server. DHCPv6 uses DUIDs based on link-layer addresses for both the client and server identifier. The device uses the MAC address from the lowest-numbered interface to form the DUID. The network interface is assumed to be permanently attached to the device.
When a DHCPv6 client requests two prefixes with the same DUID but with different IAIDs on two different interfaces, these prefixes are considered to be for two different clients, and the interface information is maintained for both.
The DHCPv6 client can obtain configuration parameters from a server either through a rapid two-message exchange (solicit, reply) or through a normal four-message exchange (solicit, advertise, request, reply). By default, the four-message exchange is used. When the rapid-commit option is enabled by both client and server, the two-message exchange is used.
DHCPv6 Client Server and Relay Functions
The DHCPv6 client, server, and relay functions are mutually exclusive on an interface. When one of these functions is already enabled and a user tries to configure a different function on the same interface, one of the following messages is displayed: "Interface is in DHCP client mode," "Interface is in DHCP server mode," or "Interface is in DHCP relay mode."
The following sections describe these functions:
The DHCPv6 client function can be enabled on individual IPv6-enabled interfaces.
The DHCPv6 client can request and accept those configuration parameters that do not require a server to maintain any dynamic state for individual clients, such as DNS server addresses and domain search list options. The DHCPv6 client will configure the local Cisco IOS stack with the received information.
The DHCPv6 client can also request the delegation of prefixes. The prefixes acquired from a delegating router will be stored in a local IPv6 general prefix pool. The prefixes in the general prefix pool can then be referred to from other applications; for example, the general prefix pools can be used to number router downstream interfaces.
A DHCPv6 client builds a list of potential servers by sending a solicit message and collecting advertise message replies from servers. These messages are ranked based on preference value, and servers may add a preference option to their advertise messages explicitly stating their preference value. If the client needs to acquire prefixes from servers, only servers that have advertised prefixes are considered.
IAPD and IAID
An Identity Association for Prefix Delegation (IAPD) is a collection of prefixes assigned to a requesting router. A requesting router may have more than one IAPD; for example, one for each of its interfaces.
Each IAPD is identified by an identity association identification (IAID). The IAID is chosen by the requesting router and is unique among the IAPD IAIDs on the requesting router. IAIDs are made consistent across reboots by using information from the associated network interface, which is assumed to be permanently attached to the device.
The DHCPv6 server function can be enabled on individual IPv6-enabled interfaces.
The DHCPv6 server can provide those configuration parameters that do not require the server to maintain any dynamic state for individual clients, such as DNS server addresses and domain search list options. The DHCPv6 server may be configured to perform prefix delegation.
All the configuration parameters for clients are independently configured into DHCPv6 configuration pools, which are stored in NVRAM. A configuration pool can be associated with a particular DHCPv6 server on an interface when it is started. Prefixes to be delegated to clients may be specified either as a list of preassigned prefixes for a particular client or as IPv6 local prefix pools that are also stored in NVRAM. The list of manually configured prefixes or IPv6 local prefix pools can be referenced and used by DHCPv6 configuration pools.
The DHCPv6 server maintains an automatic binding table in memory to track the assignment of some configuration parameters, such as prefixes between the server and its clients. The automatic bindings can be stored permanently in the database agent, which can be, for example, a remote TFTP server or local NVRAM file system.
Configuration Information Pool
A DHCPv6 configuration information pool is a named entity that includes information about available configuration parameters and policies that control assignment of the parameters to clients from the pool. A pool is configured independently of the DHCPv6 service and is associated with the DHCPv6 service through the command-line interface (CLI).
Each configuration pool can contain the following configuration parameters and operational information:
DHCP for IPv6 Address Assignment
DHCPv6 enables DHCP servers to pass configuration parameters, such as IPv6 network addresses, to IPv6 clients. The DHCPv6 Individual Address Assignment feature manages nonduplicate address assignment in the correct prefix based on the network where the host is connected. Assigned addresses can be from one or multiple prefix pools. Additional options, such as the default domain and DNS name-server address, can be passed back to the client. Address pools can be assigned for use on a specific interface or on multiple interfaces, or the server can automatically find the appropriate pool.
A prefix-delegating router (DHCPv6 server) selects prefixes to be assigned to a requesting router (DHCPv6 client) upon receiving a request from the client. The server can select prefixes for a requesting client using static assignment and dynamic assignment mechanisms. Administrators can manually configure a list of prefixes and associated preferred and valid lifetimes for an IAPD of a specific client that is identified by its DUID.
When the delegating router receives a request from a client, it checks if there is a static binding configured for the IAPD in the client's message. If a static binding is present, the prefixes in the binding are returned to the client. If no such a binding is found, the server attempts to assign prefixes for the client from other sources.
The Cisco IOS DHCPv6 server can assign prefixes dynamically from an IPv6 local prefix pool. When the server receives a prefix request from a client, it attempts to obtain unassigned prefixes from the pool. After the client releases the previously assigned prefixes, the server returns them to the pool for reassignment.
An IPv6 prefix delegating router can also select prefixes for a requesting router based on an external authority such as a RADIUS server using the Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute. For more information on this feature, see the Implementing ADSL and Deploying Dial Access for IPv6 module.
Each DHCPv6 configuration pool has an associated binding table. The binding table contains the records about all the prefixes in the configuration pool that have been explicitly delegated to clients. Each entry in the binding table contains the following information:
A binding table entry is automatically created whenever a prefix is delegated to a client from the configuration pool, and it is updated when the client renews, rebinds, or confirms the prefix delegation. A binding table entry is deleted when the client releases all the prefixes in the binding voluntarily, all prefixes' valid lifetimes have expired, or administrators run the clear ipv6 dhcp binding command.
Each permanent storage to which the binding database is saved is called the database agent. A database agent can be a remote host such as an FTP server or a local file system such as NVRAM.
The automatic bindings are maintained in RAM and can be saved to some permanent storage so that the information about configuration such as prefixes assigned to clients is not lost after a system reload or power down. The bindings are stored as text records for easy maintenance. Each record contains the following information:
At the beginning of the file, before the text records, a time stamp records the time when the database is written and a version number, which helps differentiate between newer and older databases. At the end of the file, after the text records, the text string "*end*" is stored to detect file truncation.
The permanent storage to which the binding database is saved is called the database agent. Database agents include FTP and TFTP servers, RCP, flash file system, and NVRAM.
DHCPv6 Server Stateless Autoconfiguration
Hierarchical DHCPv6 for stateless configuration parameters allows a stateless or stateful DHCPv6 client to export configuration parameters (DHCPv6 options) to a local DHCPv6 server pool. The local DHCPv6 server can then provide the imported configuration parameters to other DHCPv6 clients.
The figure below shows a typical broadband deployment.
The CPE interface toward the PE can be a stateless or stateful DHCPv6 client. In either case, the ISP-side DHCPv6 server may provide configuration parameters such as DNS server addresses, domain names, and Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) servers to the DHCP client on the CPE. These information can be specific to an ISP and may change.
In addition to being a DHCPv6 client (for example, toward the ISP), the CPE may act as a DHCPv6 server to the home network. For example, Neighbor Discovery followed by stateless or stateful DHCPv6 can occur on the link between CPE and the home devices (for example, the home router or PC). In some cases, the information to be provided to the home network is the same information obtained from the ISP-side DHCPv6 server. Because this information can be dynamically changed, it cannot be hard-configured in the CPE's configuration. Therefore, the DHCPv6 component on the CPE allows automatic importing of configuration parameters from the DHCPv6 client to the DHCPv6 server pool.
DHCPv6 provides support of the options for IPv6 on the server described in the following sections:
Information Refresh Server Option
The DHCPv6 information refresh option can specify an upper boundary for the length of time a client should wait before refreshing information retrieved from DHCPv6. This option is used with stateless DHCPv6, because there are no addresses or other entities with lifetimes that can tell the client when to contact the DHCPv6 server to refresh its configuration.
NIS- and NIS+-Related Server Options
Users can configure the network information service (NIS) or NIS plus (NIS+) address or domain name of a DHCPv6 server using NIS- and NIS+-related options, and then import that information to the DHCPv6 client.
SIP Server Options
Session initiation protocol (SIP) server options contain either a list of domain names or IPv6 addresses that can be mapped to one or more SIP outbound proxy servers. One option carries a list of domain names, and the other option carries a list of 128-bit IPv6 addresses.
SIP is an application-layer control protocol that can establish, modify and terminate multimedia sessions or calls. A SIP system has several logical components: user agents, proxy servers, redirect servers, and registrars. User agents may contain SIP clients; proxy servers always contain SIP clients.
SNTP Server Option
The SNTP server option provides a list of one or more IPv6 addresses of SNTP servers available to the client for synchronization. The clients use these SNTP servers to synchronize their system time to that of the standard time servers. The server may list the SNTP servers in decreasing order of preference, but clients must treat the list of SNTP servers as an ordered list.
DHCP Relay Agent
A DHCP relay agent, which may reside on the client's link, is used to relay messages between the client and server. DHCP relay agent operation is transparent to the client. A client locates a DHCP server using a reserved, link-scoped multicast address. Therefore, it is a requirement for direct communication between the client and the server that the client and the server be attached to the same link. However, in some situations in which ease of management, economy, or scalability is a concern, it is desirable to allow a DHCP client to send a message to a DHCP server that is not connected to the same link.
DHCPv6 Relay Agent Notification for Prefix Delegation
DHCPv6 relay agent notification for prefix delegation allows the router working as a DHCPv6 relay agent to find prefix delegation options by reviewing the contents of a DHCPv6 RELAY-REPLY packet that is being relayed by the relay agent to the client. When a prefix delegation option is found by the relay agent, the relay agent extracts the information about the prefix being delegated and inserts an IPv6 static route matching the prefix delegation information onto the relay agent. Future packets destined to that prefix via relay will be forwarded based on the information contained in the prefix delegation. The IPv6 static route is then left in the routing table until the prefix delegation lease time expires or the relay agent receives a release packet from the client releasing the prefix delegation.
No user configuration is required for this feature. Static route management is done automatically by the relay agent.
The IPv6 routes are added when the relay agent relays a RELAY-REPLY packet, and the IPv6 routes are deleted when the prefix delegation lease time expires or the relay agent receives a release message. An IPv6 static route in the routing table of the relay agent can be updated when the prefix delegation lease time is extended.
This feature leaves a static IPv6 route on the routing table of the relay agent. This registered IPv6 address allows unicast reverse packet forwarding (uRPF) to work by allowing the router doing the reverse lookup to confirm that the IPv6 address on the relay agent is not malformed or spoofed. The static route left in the routing table of the relay agent can be redistributed to other routing protocols to advertise the subnets to other nodes. The static routes will be removed when an DHCP_DECLINE message is sent by the client.
DHCPv6 Bulk-Lease Query
DHCPv6 supports bulk-lease query that allows a client to request information about DHCPv6 bindings. This functionality adds new query types and allows the bulk transfer of DHCPv6 binding data through TCP.
Bulk-lease query is enabled by default if the DHCPv6 relay agent is enabled. Bulk-lease query is triggered at the relay agent startup to retrieve binding information lost because of a reload. If a DHCPv6 relay destination is configured on an interface, bulk-lease query is performed by the IPv6 address of the interface on which DHCPv6 relay is enabled. Bulk-lease query is a separate process from the relay agent process.
DHCPv6 Relay Chaining
DHCPv6 messages can be relayed through multiple relay agents. This configuration is called relay chaining. Such a configuration can be supported only when each relay agent adds certain information to DHCPv6 messages before relaying them. The additional information helps in relaying the DHCPv6 reply back to the DHCPv6 client through the same path.
The delegated IPv6 prefix must be routable in order to be useful. The actual DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation (PD) client may not be permitted to inject routes into the delegating network. In service-provider (SP) networks, for example, an edge router typically acts as a DHCPv6 relay agent, and this edge router often has the responsibility to maintain routes within the SP network for clients' PD bindings. In the event that DHCPv6 requests and responses are relayed through a chain of DHCPv6 relays, there may be a need to introduce appropriate routes (particularly with DHCPv6 PD) in the Forwarding Information Base (FIB) so that routing is handled transparently.
DHCPv6 Relay Source Configuration
The DHCPv6 server sends its replies to the source address of relayed messages. Normally, a DHCPv6 relay uses the address of the server-facing interface used to send messages as the source. However, in some networks, it may be desirable to configure a more stable address (such as a loopback interface) and have the relay use that interface as the source address of relayed messages. The DHCPv6 Relay Source Configuration feature provides this capability.
The figure below shows a simple network with a single client, relay, and server. The relay and server communicate over 2001:DB8:1::/64, and the relay has a client-facing interface on 2001:DB8:2::/64. The relay also has a loopback interface configured with address 2001:DB8:3:1/64.
When the relay receives a request from the client, the relay includes an address from the client-facing interface (Ethernet 1/0) in the link-address field of a relay-forward message. This address is used by the server to select an address pool. The relay then sends the relay-forward message toward the server. By default, the address of the server-facing (Ethernet 0/0) interface is used as the IPv6 source, and the server will send any reply to that address.
If the relay source interface is explicitly configured, the relay will use that interface's primary IPv6 address as the IPv6 source for messages it forwards. For example, configuring Loopback 0 as the source would cause the relay to use 2001:DB8:3:1/64 as the IPv6 source address for messages relayed toward the server.
DHCPv6 Relay SSO and ISSU
In specific Cisco networking devices that support dual RPs, stateful switchover (SSO) takes advantage of RP redundancy to increase network availability. The feature establishes one of the RPs as the active processor while the other RP is designated as the standby processor, and then synchronizing critical state information between them. Following an initial synchronization between the two processors, SSO dynamically maintains RP state information between them.
The Cisco IOS In Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) process allows Cisco IOS software to be updated or otherwise modified while packet forwarding continues. In most networks, planned software upgrades are a significant cause of downtime. ISSU allows Cisco IOS software to be modified while packet forwarding continues, which increases network availability and reduces downtime caused by planned software upgrades.
SSO and ISSU use redundant hardware, with the active and standby RP each running an instance of the DHCP relay agent. Both instances exchange run-time state data.
For further information about SSO and ISSU, see the "Stateful Switchover" and "Cisco IOS In Service Software Upgrade Process" modules in the Cisco IOS High Availability Configuration Guide.
DHCPv6 Relay Options: Remote-ID for Ethernet Interfaces
This feature adds the remote identification (remote-ID) option to relayed (RELAY-FORWARD) DHCPv6 packets.
The remote-ID option provides information to the DHCPv6 server, including port information, the system's DUID, and the VLAN ID. Collectively, this information can be used to uniquely identify both the relay and the port on the relay through which the client's packet arrived. The DHCPv6 server uses this information to select parameters specific to a particular user, host, or subscriber modem. This feature works only for Ethernet interfaces at this time.
This feature introduces no user configuration. Because the addition of the remote-ID option to the RELAY-FORWARD packet occurs automatically, no user configuration is necessary.
The DHCPv6 server does not need to echo the remote-ID option in the RELAY-REPLY packet. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has assigned the DHCPv6 option code 37 for the relay agent remote-ID option.
If the remote-ID option is included in the RELAY-REPLY packet, the option is stripped out of the packet before the packet is relayed to the client.
DHCPv6 Relay Options: Reload Persistent Interface-ID
This feature makes the interface-ID option, which is used by relay agents to decide which interface should be used when forwarding a RELAY-REPLY packet, persistent. A persistent interface-ID option will not change if the router acting as a relay agent goes offline (such as during a reload or a power outage). When the router acting as a relay agent returns online, it is possible that changes to the internal interface index of the relay agent may have occurred in certain scenarios (such as cases where the relay agent reboots and has a change in the number of interfaces in the interface index, or the relay agents boots up and has more virtual interfaces than it did before the reboot). This feature prevents this scenario from causing any problems.
This feature changes the DHCPv6 interface-ID option to be expressed as simply the short form of the interface name. This syntax helps avoid potential problems that could arise due to physical or logical interfaces changing on the relay agent after a reload.
DHCPv6 Server and Relay--MPLS VPN Support
To facilitate managed central services in a Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)-based network, DHCPv6 must be made MPLS-aware so a single resource can be used to serve multiple virtual private networks (VPNs) instead of dedicating a resource to a single VPN.
The DHCPv6 server implementation of MPLS VPN support allows a per-pool configuration so DHCPv6 pools can be associated with a VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance. The DHCPv6 server differentiates clients from various VRFs and assigns an IPv6 prefix accordingly from the respective VRF pools. Meanwhile, the DHCPv6 bindings store clients' VRF information.
The DHCPv6 relay implementation allows the configuration of the destination VRF instance to which the relay messages will be forwarded. The relay adds the client's VPN information while forwarding the client's DHCPv6 requests toward the server, and the relay then processes the client's VPN information in reply packets from server.
The relay adds IPv6 static routes for delegated prefixes in corresponding clients' VRF, and the relay's high availability (HA) functionality synchronizes the VRF information while synchronizing static routes created by the relay process.
The DHCPv6 relay and server VRF-aware features are disabled by default for backward compatibility.
How to Implement DHCP for IPv6
Configuring the DHCPv6 Server Function
The tasks in the following sections explain how to configure DHCPv6 server function:
Configuring the DHCPv6 Configuration Pool
Perform this task to create and configure the DHCPv6 configuration pool and associate the pool with a server on an interface.
Configuring a Binding Database Agent for the Server Function
Configuring the DHCPv6 Client Function
General prefixes can be defined dynamically from a prefix received by a DHCPv6 prefix delegation client. The delegated prefix is stored in a general prefix.
Configuring the DHCPv6 Relay Agent
Configuring Route Addition for Relay and Server
To enable route addition by DHCPv6 relay and server for the delegated prefix, use the ipv6 dhcp iapd-route-add command in global configuration mode.
To add routes for individually assigned IPv6 addresses on a relay or server, use the ipv6 dhcp iana-route-add command in global configuration mode
Configuring a DHCPv6 Relay Source
Perform the following tasks to configure a DHCPv6 relay source:
Restrictions for Configuring a DHCPv6 Relay Source
Configuring a DHCPv6 Relay Source on an Interface
Configuring a DHCPv6 Relay Source Globally
Configuring DHCPv6 Bulk-Lease Query Parameters
The DHCPv6 Bulk-Lease Query feature is enabled automatically when the DHCPv6 relay agent is enabled.
Configuring DHCP for IPv6 Address Assignment
Perform the following tasks to configure DHCPv6 address assignment:
Prerequisites for Configuring DHCPv6 Address Assignment
By default, no DHCPv6 features are configured on the router.
When configuring DHCPv6 address assignment, remember that the specified interface must be one of these Layer 3 interfaces:
Enabling the DHCPv6 Server Function on an Interface
Perform this task to enable the DHCPv6 server function on an interface. Note that to delete a DHCPv6 pool, you must use the no ipv6 dhcp pool poolname global configuration command. Use the no form of the DHCP pool configuration mode commands to change the DHCPv6 pool characteristics. To disable the DHCPv6 server function on an interface, use the no ipv6 dhcp server interface configuration command.
Enabling the DHCPv6 Client Function on an Interface
Perform this task to enable the DHCPv6 client function on an interface. To disable the DHCPv6 client function, use the no ipv6 address dhcp interface configuration command. To remove the DHCPv6 client request, use the no ipv6 address dhcp client request vendor interface configuration command.
Configuring the Stateless DHCPv6 Function
The server maintains no state related to clients; for example, no prefix pools and records of allocation are maintained. Therefore, this function is "stateless" DHCPv6.
Configuring the Stateless DHCPv6 Server
Configuring the Stateless DHCPv6 Client
Enabling Processing of Packets with Source Routing Header Options
Configuring the DHCPv6 Server Options
Configuring the Information Refresh Server Option
Importing the Information Refresh Server Option
Configuring NIS- and NISP-Related Server Options
Importing NIS- and NIS+-Related Server Options
Importing SIP Server Options
Configuring the SNTP Server Option
Importing the SNTP Server Option
Importing Stateless DHCPv6 Server Options
Defining a General Prefix with the DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation Client Function
Perform this task to configure the DHCPv6 client function on an interface and enable prefix delegation on an interface. The delegated prefix is stored in a general prefix.
Configuring a VRF-Aware Relay and Server for MPLS VPN Support
Configuring a VRF-Aware Relay
Note that you do not have to configure this feature on specified interfaces; if you want the feature to be enabled globally on the router only, perform steps 1, 2, and 3.
Configuring a VRF-Aware Server
Deleting Automatic Client Bindings from the DHCPv6 Binding Table
Verifying DHCPv6 Configuration and Operation
Sample Output from the show ipv6 dhcp Command
The following example from the show ipv6 dhcp command shows the DUID of the device:
Router# show ipv6 dhcp This device's DHCPv6 unique identifier(DUID): 000300010002FCA5DC1C
Sample Output from the show ipv6 dhcp binding Command
In the following example, the show ipv6 dhcp binding command shows information about two clients, including their DUIDs, IAPDs, prefixes, and preferred and valid lifetimes:
Router# show ipv6 dhcp binding Client: FE80::202:FCFF:FEA5:DC39 (Ethernet2/1) DUID: 000300010002FCA5DC1C IA PD: IA ID 0x00040001, T1 0, T2 0 Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:11::/68 preferred lifetime 180, valid lifetime 12345 expires at Nov 08 2002 02:24 PM (12320 seconds) Client: FE80::202:FCFF:FEA5:C039 (Ethernet2/1) DUID: 000300010002FCA5C01C IA PD: IA ID 0x00040001, T1 0, T2 0 Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:1::/72 preferred lifetime 240, valid lifetime 54321 expires at Nov 09 2002 02:02 AM (54246 seconds) Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:2::/72 preferred lifetime 300, valid lifetime 54333 expires at Nov 09 2002 02:03 AM (54258 seconds) Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:3::/72 preferred lifetime 280, valid lifetime 51111
Sample Output from the show ipv6 dhcp database Command
In the following example, the show ipv6 dhcp database command provides information on the binding database agents TFTP, NVRAM, and flash:
Router# show ipv6 dhcp database Database agent tftp://172.19.216.133/db.tftp: write delay: 69 seconds, transfer timeout: 300 seconds last written at Jan 09 2003 01:54 PM, write timer expires in 56 seconds last read at Jan 06 2003 05:41 PM successful read times 1 failed read times 0 successful write times 3172 failed write times 2 Database agent nvram:/dhcpv6-binding: write delay: 60 seconds, transfer timeout: 300 seconds last written at Jan 09 2003 01:54 PM, write timer expires in 37 seconds last read at never successful read times 0 failed read times 0 successful write times 3325 failed write times 0 Database agent flash:/dhcpv6-db: write delay: 82 seconds, transfer timeout: 3 seconds last written at Jan 09 2003 01:54 PM, write timer expires in 50 seconds last read at never successful read times 0 failed read times 0 successful write times 2220 failed write times 614
Sample Output from the show ipv6 dhcp interface Command
The following is sample output from the show ipv6 dhcp interface command. In the first example, the command is used on a router that has an interface acting as a DHCPv6 server. In the second example, the command is used on a router that has an interface acting as a DHCPv6 client:
Router1# show ipv6 dhcp interface Ethernet2/1 is in server mode Using pool: svr-p1 Preference value: 20 Rapid-Commit is disabled Router2# show ipv6 dhcp interface Ethernet2/1 is in client mode State is OPEN (1) List of known servers: Address: FE80::202:FCFF:FEA1:7439, DUID 000300010002FCA17400 Preference: 20 IA PD: IA ID 0x00040001, T1 120, T2 192 Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:1::/72 preferred lifetime 240, valid lifetime 54321 expires at Nov 08 2002 09:10 AM (54319 seconds) Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:2::/72 preferred lifetime 300, valid lifetime 54333 expires at Nov 08 2002 09:11 AM (54331 seconds) Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:3::/72 preferred lifetime 280, valid lifetime 51111 expires at Nov 08 2002 08:17 AM (51109 seconds) DNS server: 2001:DB8:1001::1 DNS server: 2001:DB8:1001::2 Domain name: example1.net Domain name: example2.net Domain name: example3.net Prefix name is cli-p1 Rapid-Commit is enabled
Sample Output from the show ipv6 dhcp pool Command
In the following example, the show ipv6 dhcp pool command provides information on the configuration pool named svr-p1, including the static bindings, prefix information, the DNS server, and the domain names found in the svr-p1 pool:
Router# show ipv6 dhcp pool DHCPv6 pool: svr-p1 Static bindings: Binding for client 000300010002FCA5C01C IA PD: IA ID 00040002, Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:3::/72 preferred lifetime 604800, valid lifetime 2592000 IA PD: IA ID not specified; being used by 00040001 Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:1::/72 preferred lifetime 240, valid lifetime 54321 Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:2::/72 preferred lifetime 300, valid lifetime 54333 Prefix: 3FFE:C00:C18:3::/72 preferred lifetime 280, valid lifetime 51111 Prefix from pool: local-p1, Valid lifetime 12345, Preferred lifetime 180 DNS server: 2001:DB8:1001::1 DNS server: 2001:DB8:1001::2 Domain name: example1.net Domain name: example2.net Domain name: example3.net Active clients: 2 Current configuration : 22324 bytes ! ! Last configuration change at 14:59:38 PST Tue Jan 16 2001 ! NVRAM config last updated at 04:25:39 PST Tue Jan 16 2001 by bird ! hostname Router ! ip cef ipv6 unicast-routing ipv6 cef ipv6 cef accounting prefix-length ! ! interface Ethernet0 ip address 10.4.9.11 255.0.0.0 media-type 10BaseT ipv6 address 2001:DB8:C18:1::/64 eui-64
Configuration Examples for Implementing DHCPv6
Example: Configuring the DHCPv6 Server Function
DHCPv6 clients are connected to the server on Ethernet interface 0/0. The server is configured to use parameters from the DHCP pool called dhcp-pool. This pool provides clients with the IPv6 address of a DNS server and the domain name to be used. It also specifies that prefixes can be delegated from the prefix pool called client-prefix-pool1. The prefixes delegated will have valid and preferred lifetimes of 1800 and 600 seconds. The prefix pool named client-prefix-pool1 has a prefix of length /40 from which it will delegate (sub)prefixes of length /48.
ipv6 dhcp pool dhcp-pool prefix-delegation pool client-prefix-pool1 lifetime 1800 600 dns-server 2001:DB8:3000:3000::42 domain-name example.com ! interface Ethernet0/0 description downlink to clients ipv6 address FEC0:240:104:2001::139/64 ipv6 dhcp server dhcp-pool ! ipv6 local pool client-prefix-pool1 2001:DB8:1200::/40 48
Example: Configuring the DHCPv6 Client Function
This DHCPv6 client has three interfaces: Ethernet interface 0/0 is the upstream link to a service provider, which has a DHCPv6 server function enabled. The Fast Ethernet interfaces 0/0 and 0/1 are links to local networks.
The upstream interface, Ethernet interface 0/0, has the DHCPv6 client function enabled. Prefixes delegated by the provider are stored in the general prefix called prefix-from-provider.
The local networks, Fast Ethernet interfaces 0/0 and 0/1, both assign interface addresses based on the general prefix called prefix-from-provider. The bits on the left part of the addresses come from the general prefix, and the bits on the right part of the addresses are specified statically.
interface Ethernet 0/0 description uplink to provider DHCP IPv6 server ipv6 dhcp client pd prefix-from-provider ! interface FastEthernet 0/0 description local network 0 ipv6 address prefix-from-provider ::5:0:0:0:100/64 ! interface FastEthernet 0/1 description local network 1 ipv6 address prefix-from-provider ::6:0:0:0:100/64
Example: Configuring a Database Agent for the Server Function
The DHCPv6 server is configured to store table bindings to the file named dhcp-binding on the server at address 10.0.0.1 using the TFTP protocol. The bindings are saved every 120 seconds.
ipv6 dhcp database tftp://10.0.0.1/dhcp-binding write-delay 120
The following example shows how to specify DHCP for IPv6 binding database agent parameters and store binding entries in bootflash:
ipv6 dhcp database bootflash
Example: Configuring DHCP for IPv6 Address Assignment
The following example shows how to configure a pool called engineering with an IPv6 address prefix:
ipv6 dhcp pool engineering address prefix 2001:1000::0/64 lifetime infinite
The following example shows how to configure A pool called testgroup with three link addresses and an IPv6 address prefix:
ipv6 dhcp pool testgroup link-address 2001:1001::0/64 link-address 2001:1002::0/64 link-address 2001:2000::0/48 address prefix 2001:1000::0/64 lifetime infinite end
The following example shows how to configure a pool called 350 with vendor-specific options:
ipv6 dhcp pool 350 address prefix 2001:1000::0/64 lifetime infinite vendor-specific 9 suboption 1 address 1000:235D::1 suboption 2 ascii "IP-Phone" end
Example: Configuring the Stateless DHCPv6 Function
This example uses the DHCPv6 function to configure clients with information about the name lookup system. The server is configured with a DHCP pool, which contains name lookup information to be passed to clients. It does not need to contain a prefix pool. This DHCP pool is attached to the access link to customers (Ethernet0/0) using the ipv6 dhcp server command. The access link also has the ipv6 nd other-config-flag command enabled. RA messages sent from this interface will inform clients that they should use DHCPv6 for "other" (for example, nonaddress) configuration information.
ipv6 dhcp pool dhcp-pool dns-server 2001:DB8:A:B::1 dns-server 2001:DB8:3000:3000::42 domain-name example.com ! interface Ethernet0/0 description Access link down to customers ipv6 address 2001:DB8:1234:42::1/64 ipv6 nd other-config-flag ipv6 dhcp server dhcp-pool
The client has no obvious DHCPv6 configuration. However, the ipv6 address autoconfig command on the uplink to the service provider (Ethernet 0/0) causes two events to happen:
Standards and RFCs
Feature Information for Implementing DHCP for IPv6
The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.
Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)
Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.
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