IP SLAs Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15S
Configuring IP SLAs ICMP Path Jitter Operations
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Configuring IP SLAs ICMP Path Jitter Operations

Configuring IP SLAs ICMP Path Jitter Operations

This document describes how to configure an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Path Jitter operation to monitor hop-by-hop jitter (inter-packet delay variance). This document also demonstrates how the data gathered using the Path Jitter operations can be displayed and analyzed using Cisco commands.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for ICMP Path Jitter Operations

  • Before configuring any IP SLAs application, you can use the show ip sla application command to verify that the operation type is supported on your software image.

  • In contrast with other IP SLAs operations, the IP SLAs Responder does not have to be enabled on either the target device or intermediate devices for Path Jitter operations. However, the operational efficiency may improve if you enable the IP SLAs Responder.

Restrictions for ICMP Path Jitter Operations

  • IP SLAs - ICMP Path Jitter is ICMP-based. ICMP-based operations can compensate for source processing delay but cannot compensate for target processing delay. For more robust monitoring and verifying, we recommend that you use the IP SLAs UDP Jitter operation.

  • The jitter values obtained using IP SLAs - ICMP Path Jitter are approximates because ICMP does not provide the capability to embed processing times on devices in the packet. If the target device does not place ICMP packets as the highest priority, then the device will not respond properly. ICMP performance also can be affected by the configuration of priority queueing on the device and by ping response.

  • A path jitter operation does not support hourly statistics and hop information.

  • Unlike other IP SLAs operations, the ICMP Path Jitter operation is not supported in the RTTMON MIB. Path jitter operations can only be configured using Cisco commands and statistics can only be returned using the show ip sla commands.

  • IP SLAs - Path Jitter does not support the IP SLAs History feature (statistics history buckets) because of the large data volume involved with jitter operations.

  • The following commands, available in path jitter configuration mode, do not apply to path jitter operations:
    • history buckets-kept
    • history distributions-of-statistics-kept
    • history enhanced
    • history filter
    • history hours-of-statistics-kept
    • history lives-kept
    • history statistics-distribution-interval
    • samples-of-history-kept
    • lsr-path
    • tos
    • threshold
    • verify-data

Information About IP SLAs ICMP Path Jitter Operations

ICMP Path Jitter Operation

IP SLAs - ICMP Path Jitter provides hop-by-hop jitter, packet loss, and delay measurement statistics in an IP network. Path jitter operations function differently than the standard UDP Jitter operation, which provides total one-way data and total round-trip data.

An ICMP Path Jitter operation can be used a supplement to the standard UDP Jitter operation. For example, results from a UDP Jitter operation may indicate unexpected delays or high jitter values; an ICMP Path Jitter operation could then be used to troubleshoot the network path and determine if traffic is bottlenecking in a particular segment along the transmission path.

The operation first discovers the hop-by-hop IP route from the source to the destination using a traceroute utility, and then uses ICMP echoes to determine the response times, packet loss and approximate jitter values for each hop along the path. The jitter values obtained using IP SLAs - ICMP Path Jitter are approximates because ICMP only provides round trip times.

ICMP Path Jitter operations function by tracing the IP path from a source device to a specified destination device, then sending N number of Echo probes to each hop along the traced path, with a time interval of T milliseconds between each Echo probe. The operation as a whole is repeated at a frequency of once every F seconds. The attributes are user-configurable, as shown here:

Path Jitter Operation Parameter

Default

Configured Using:

Number of echo probes (N )

10 echos

path-jitter command, num-packets option

Time between Echo probes, in milliseconds (T )

20 ms

path-jitter command, interval option

Note   

The operation’s frequency is different than the operation’s interval.

The frequency of how often the operation is repeated (F )

once every 60 seconds

frequency command

How to Configure the IP SLAs ICMP Path Jitter Operation

Configuring the IP SLAs Responder on a Destination Device


Note


An IP SLAs Responder is not required on either the target device or intermediate devices for path jitter operations. However, operational efficiency may improve if you enable the IP SLAs Responder.


Before You Begin

The networking device to be used as the responder must be a Cisco device and you must have connectivity to that device through the network.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip sla responder

    4.    exit


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ip sla responder


    Example:
    
     
    		  


    Example:
    Device(config)# ip sla responder
     

    (Optional) Temporarily enables IP SLAs Responder functionality on a Cisco device in response to control messages from source.

    • Control is enabled by default.

     
    Step 4 exit


    Example:
    Device(config)# exit
     

    (Optional) Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Configuring an ICMP Path Jitter Operation on the Source Device

    Perform only one of the following procedures in this section:

    Configuring a Basic ICMP Path Jitter Operation

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    ip sla operation-number

      4.    path-jitter {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [num-packets packet-number] [interval milliseconds] [targetOnly]

      5.    frequency seconds

      6.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 ip sla operation-number


      Example:
      Device(config)# ip sla 10
       

      Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 path-jitter {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [num-packets packet-number] [interval milliseconds] [targetOnly]


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla)# path-jitter 172.31.1.129 source-ip 10.2.30.1 num-packets 12 interval 22
       

      Enters IP SLA Path Jitter configuration mode for configuring an ICMP Path Jitter operation.

       
      Step 5 frequency seconds


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# frequency 30
       

      (Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs operation repeats.

       
      Step 6 end


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# end
       

      Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

       
      Example

      In the following example, the targetOnly keyword is used to bypass the hop-by-hop measurements. With this version of the command, echo probes will be sent to the destination only.

      Device(config)# ip sla 1
      Device(config-ip-sla)# path-jitter 172.17.246.20 num-packets 50 interval 30 targetOnly
      

      Configuring an ICMP Path Jitter Operation with Additional Parameters

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    ip sla operation-number

        4.    path-jitter {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [num-packets packet-number] [interval milliseconds] [targetOnly]

        5.    frequency seconds

        6.    owner owner-id

        7.    request-data-size bytes

        8.    tag text

        9.    timeout milliseconds

        10.    vrf vrf-name

        11.    end


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.

         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Device# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 ip sla operation-number


        Example:
        Device(config)# ip sla 10
         

        Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

         
        Step 4 path-jitter {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [num-packets packet-number] [interval milliseconds] [targetOnly]


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla)# path-jitter 172.31.1.129 source-ip 10.2.30.1 num-packets 12 interval 22
         

        Enters IP SLA Path Jitter configuration mode for defing an ICMP Path Jitter operation.

         
        Step 5 frequency seconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# frequency 30
         

        (Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs operation repeats.

         
        Step 6 owner owner-id


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# owner admin 
         

        (Optional) Configures the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) owner of an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 7 request-data-size bytes


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# request-data-size 64 
         

        (Optional) Sets the protocol data size in the payload of an IP SLAs operation's request packet.

         
        Step 8 tag text


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# tag TelnetPollServer1 
         

        (Optional) Creates a user-specified identifier for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 9 timeout milliseconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# timeout 10000 
         

        (Optional) Sets the amount of time an IP SLAs operation waits for a response from its request packet.

         
        Step 10 vrf vrf-name


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# vrf vpn-A 
         

        (Optional) Allows monitoring within Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) using IP SLAs operations.

         
        Step 11 end


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-pathJitter)# end
         

        Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

         

        Scheduling IP SLAs Operations

        Before You Begin
        • All IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operations to be scheduled must be already configured.
        • The frequency of all operations scheduled in a multioperation group must be the same.
        • The list of one or more operation ID numbers to be added to a multioperation group must be limited to a maximum of 125 characters in length, including commas (,).
        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    Enter one of the following commands:

          • ip sla schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {[hh:mm:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}] [ageout seconds] [recurring]
          • ip sla group schedule group-operation-number operation-id-numbers {schedule-period schedule-period-range | schedule-together} [ageout seconds] [frequency group-operation-frequency] [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh:mm [:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm [:ss]}]

          4.    end

          5.    show ip sla group schedule

          6.    show ip sla configuration


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Device> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.

           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Device# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 Enter one of the following commands:
          • ip sla schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {[hh:mm:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}] [ageout seconds] [recurring]
          • ip sla group schedule group-operation-number operation-id-numbers {schedule-period schedule-period-range | schedule-together} [ageout seconds] [frequency group-operation-frequency] [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh:mm [:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm [:ss]}]


          Example:
          Device(config)# ip sla schedule 10 life forever start-time now
          Device(config)# ip sla schedule 10 schedule-period frequency
          Device(config)# ip sla group schedule 1 3,4,6-9 life forever start-time now 
          Device(config)# ip sla schedule 1 3,4,6-9 schedule-period 50 frequency range 80-100
           
          • Configures the scheduling parameters for an individual IP SLAs operation.

          • Specifies an IP SLAs operation group number and the range of operation numbers for a multioperation scheduler.

           
          Step 4 end


          Example:
          Device(config)# end
           

          Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

           
          Step 5 show ip sla group schedule


          Example:
          Device# show ip sla group schedule
           

          (Optional) Displays IP SLAs group schedule details.

           
          Step 6 show ip sla configuration


          Example:
          Device# show ip sla configuration
           

          (Optional) Displays IP SLAs configuration details.

           

          Troubleshooting Tips

          • If the IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operation is not running and not generating statistics, add the verify-data command to the configuration (while configuring in IP SLA configuration mode) to enable data verification. When data verification is enabled, each operation response is checked for corruption. Use the verify-data command with caution during normal operations because it generates unnecessary overhead.

          • Use the debug ip sla trace and debug ip sla error commands to help troubleshoot issues with an IP SLAs operation.

          What to Do Next

          To add proactive threshold conditions and reactive triggering for generating traps (or for starting another operation) to an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) operation, see the “Configuring Proactive Threshold Monitoring” section.

          Configuration Examples for IP SLAs ICMP Path Jitter Operations

          Example Configuring a Path Jitter Operation

          The following example shows the output when the ICMP Path Jitter operation is configured. Because the path jitter operation does not support hourly statistics and hop information, the output for the show ip sla statistics command for the path jitter operation displays only the statistics for the first hop.

          The following example shows the output when the ICMP Path Jitter operation is configured.

          Device# configure terminal
          Device(config)# ip sla 15011
          Device(config-sla-monitor)# path-jitter 10.222.1.100 source-ip 10.222.3.100 num-packets 20
          Device(config-sla-monitor-pathJitter)# frequency 30
          Device(config-sla-monitor-pathJitter)# exit
          Device(config)# ip sla schedule 15011 life forever start-time now
          Device(config)# exit
          Device# show ip sla statistics 15011
          Round Trip Time (RTT) for       Index 15011
                  Latest RTT: 1 milliseconds
          Latest operation start time: 15:37:35.443 EDT Mon Jun 16 2008
          Latest operation return code: OK
          ---- Path Jitter Statistics ---- 
          Hop IP 10.222.3.252:
          Round Trip Time milliseconds:
                  Latest RTT: 1 ms
                  Number of RTT: 20
                  RTT Min/Avg/Max: 1/1/3 ms
          Jitter time milliseconds:
                  Number of jitter: 2
                  Jitter Min/Avg/Max: 2/2/2 ms
          Packet Values:
                  Packet Loss (Timeouts): 0
                  Out of Sequence: 0
                  Discarded Samples: 0
          Operation time to live: Forever

          Additional References

          Related Documents

          Related Topic

          Document Title

          Cisco IOS commands

          Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

          Cisco IOS IP SLAs commands

          Cisco IOS IP SLAs Command Reference

          Standards and RFCs

          Standard/RFC

          Title

          RFC 18891

          RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications ; see the section “Estimating the Interarrival Jitter”

          1 Support for the listed RFC is not claimed; listed as a reference only.

          MIBs

          MIBs

          MIBs Link

          MIB support for the Path Jitter operation is not provided.

          To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

          Technical Assistance

          Description

          Link

          The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

          Feature Information for IP SLAs ICMP Path Jitter Operations

          The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

          Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

          Table 1 Feature Information for IP SLAs ICMP Path Jitter Operations

          Feature Name

          Releases

          Feature Information

          IP SLAs Path Jitter Operation

          12.2(31)SB2

          12.2(33)SRB1

          12.2(33)SXH

          12.3(14)T

          Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

          15.0(1)S

          Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1.0SG

          The Cisco IOS IP SLAs Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) path jitter operation allows you to measure hop-by-hop jitter (inter-packet delay variance).

          IPSLA 4.0 - IP v6 phase2

          15.2(3)T

          Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

          15.2(1)SG

          Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4SG

          Support was added for operability in IPv6 networks.

          The following commands are introduced or modified: path- jitter, show ip sla configuration, show ip sla summary.