IP Routing: ISIS Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design
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Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design

Contents

Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design

This module describes optional tasks that you can perform to customize Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) for your network design. You can optimize network traffic flow by setting metrics, specifying an IS-IS system type, summarizing addresses, generating a default route, and configuring a global default metric.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design

  • Before performing the tasks in this module, you should be familiar with the concepts described in the "Integrated IS-IS Routing Protocol Overview" module.
  • You should understand the concept of IP addressing. For more information on IP addressing, see the "Configuring IPv4 Addresses" module of the Cisco IOS IP Addressing Services Configuration Guide.
  • You should know your network design and how you want traffic to flow through it before configuring IS-IS. Define areas, prepare an addressing plan for the routers (including defining the network entity titles [NETs]), and determine the interfaces that will run Integrated IS-IS.
  • IS-IS must be enabled.

Restrictions for Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design

If you have already configured a metric for a specific interface by entering the isis metric command, the metric that has been configured for that specific interface will take precedence over any default set by the metric command.

Information About Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design

You can enhance network traffic flow by configuring IS-IS metric values for Level-1 or Level-2 routing, in order to prioritize traffic through certain paths. You can customize network traffic flow by changing the metric cost for a specified interface. All IS-IS links use the metric of 10 by default. The protocol does not automatically incorporate link attributes such as bandwidth or delay when metric values are assigned. The total cost to a destination is the sum of the costs on all outgoing interfaces along a particular path from the source to the destination. The least-cost paths are preferred.

If you want to configure a global default metric, see the Configuring an IS-IS Default Metric.

On multi-access networks, IS-IS elects a router to act as a pseudo-node representing the multi-access circuit. The elected router is known as the designated intermediate system (DIS). The DIS issues pseudo-node LSPs listing all of the routers which are reachable on the network. Each router on the network advertises in its non-pseudonode LSPs reachability to the DIS. This reduces the amount of information that needs to be advertised. A DIS is elected for each level that is operating on the network, for example both Level 1 and Level 2. By default, all routers have the same priority for being elected DIS. The MAC address of each router’s interface onto the network is used as the tiebreaker. When all routers have the same priority, the addition or removal of a router onto the network can result in a chance in the DIS. This churn can be prevented by assigning a higher priority to the router which you wish to act as the DIS. Priorities can be configured individually for Level 1 and Level 2. By default the priority is 64. You can configure the priority in the range from 0 to 127.

You can configure a summary address to represent summarized (aggregate) addresses within the IS-IS routing table. This process is called route summarization. Using a summary address can enhance scalability and network stability because it reduces the amount of information that needs to be advertised and reduces the frequency of updates required. For example, a single route flap may not cause the summary advertisement to flap. The disadvantage of using the summary addresses is that routing may be sub-optimal, for example, the path to a specific destination covered by the summary address may be longer than it would have been, had all the individual addresses been advertised. Summary addresses are most commonly used to summarize routes from one Level-one area into the Level-2 subdomain. One summary address can include multiple groups of addresses for a given level. Routes learned from other routing protocols can also be summarized. The metric used to advertise the summary is the smallest metric of all the more-specific routes.

In Cisco IOS software, IS-IS has a default metric value of 10 for all active interfaces. If the interface is passive, the default value is zero. Rather than change the metric values for the active interfaces one by one, you can configure a different default metric value to be used by all interfaces. All interfaces that had the original IS-IS default metric 10 will be configured with the new default value. Besides offering the user the convenience of being able to globally configure the value for all IS-IS interfaces, the feature helps prevent errors that may occur when interfaces are individually configured to change the metric value. For example the user may remove configured metrics from an interface, thereby restoring the default metric value of 10--perhaps unintentionally making that interface a highly preferred one in the network. Such an occurrence on the wrong interface could mean the rerouting of traffic across the network on an undesirable path.

Enhancing Your IS-IS Network Design at the Interface Level

Setting the IS-IS Link-State Metrics

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface type name

    4.    isis metric default-metric [level-1 | level-2]

    5.    end

    6.    show isis [process-tag] database [level-1] [level-2] [l1] [l2] [detail] [lspid]


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface type name


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface ethernet 0
     

    Enters interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 isis metric default-metric [level-1 | level-2]


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# isis metric 15 level-1
     

    Configures the metric for an interface.

    Note   

    We highly recommend that you configure the metrics on all interfaces. If you do not do so, all links will have the same cost and the cost to reach any node in the network will be logically equivalent to the number of hops.

     
    Step 5 end


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# end
     

    Exits interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 6 show isis [process-tag] database [level-1] [level-2] [l1] [l2] [detail] [lspid]


    Example:
    Router# show isis database detail
     

    (Optional) Displays the IS-IS link-state database.

    • To display information about each LSP and the link-state database, enter the detail keyword.
     

    Prioritizing Designated Intermediate Systems for IS-IS

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    interface type name

      4.    isis priority number-value [level-1 | level-2]

      5.    end

      6.    show clns interface type number


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Router# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 interface type name


      Example:
      Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/3
       

      Enters interface configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 isis priority number-value [level-1 | level-2]


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# ip priority 2 level-1
       

      Configures the priority used in designated router election.

       
      Step 5 end


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# end
       

      Exits interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

       
      Step 6 show clns interface type number


      Example:
      Router# show clns interface ethernet 0/3
       

      (Optional) Displays CLNS-specific information about the the interfaces running IS-IS.

      • The command output will display the DIS for both Level 1 and Level 2.
       

      Enhancing Your IS-IS Network Design at the Router Level

      Limiting Level 1 and Level 2 Operations on the IS-IS Router

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    router isis

        4.    is-type [level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2-only]

        5.    end

        6.    show isis [ipv6] [*] topology[level-1] [level-2]


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Router> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Router# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 router isis


        Example:
        Router(config)# router isis
         

        Enables IS-IS as an IP routing protocol.

        • Enters router configuration mode.
         
        Step 4 is-type [level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2-only]


        Example:
        Router(config-router)# is-type level-1
         

        Configures the routing level for an instance of the IS-IS routing process.

        • By default Cisco IOS software enables both Level 1 and Level 2 operations on IS-IS routers. Specifying routers to act as Level 1, Level 2, or Level 1 and 2 can streamline your network design.
         
        Step 5 end


        Example:
        Router(config-router)# end
         

        Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

         
        Step 6 show isis [ipv6] [*] topology[level-1] [level-2]


        Example:
        Router# show isis topology level-1
         

        (Optional) Displays a list of all connected routers in all areas.

        • To confirm paths to all Level 1 or Level 2 routers in the area or areas in which this router resides, enter the level-1 or level-2 keywords, respectively.
         
        Example

        The following example shows output from the show isis topology command for a router within a dual CLNS-IP network. In this example, because neither the level-1 nor level-2 optional keywords were entered, information is displayed for both Level 1 and Level 2 routers.

        Router# show isis topology
        Tag L2BB:
        IS-IS paths to level-2 routers
        System Id       Metric  Next-Hop        Interface       SNPA
        0000.0000.0005  --
        0000.0000.0009  10      0000.0000.0009  Tu529           *Tunnel*        
        0000.0000.0017  20      0000.0000.0009  Tu529           *Tunnel*        
        0000.0000.0053  30      0000.0000.0009  Tu529           *Tunnel*        
        0000.0000.0068  20      0000.0000.0009  Tu529           *Tunnel* 
        Tag A3253-01:
        IS-IS paths to level-1 routers
        System Id       Metric  Next-Hop        Interface       SNPA
        0000.0000.0003  10      0000.0000.0003  Et1             0000.0c03.6944 
        0000.0000.0005  --
        0000.0000.0053  10      0000.0000.0053  Et1             0060.3e58.ccdb 

        Summarizing Address Ranges in the IS-IS Routing Table

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    router isis

          4.    summary-address address mask {level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2}[tag tag-number] [metric metric-value]

          5.    end

          6.    show isis database verbose


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Router> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.
           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Router# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 router isis


          Example:
          Router(config)# router isis
           

          Enables IS-IS as an IP routing protocol.

          • Enters router configuration mode.
           
          Step 4 summary-address address mask {level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2}[tag tag-number] [metric metric-value]


          Example:
          Router(config-router)# summary-address 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 level-2
           

          Creates aggregate addresses for IS-IS.

          Note   

          Multiple groups of addresses can be summarized for a given level. Routes learned from other routing protocols can also be summarized. The metric used to advertise the summary is the smallest metric of all the more-specific routes. This command helps reduce the size of the routing table.

           
          Step 5 end


          Example:
          Router(config-router)# end
           

          Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

           
          Step 6 show isis database verbose


          Example:
          Router# show isis database verbose
           

          (Optional) Displays detailed information about the IS-IS database.

           

          Generating an IS-IS Default Route

          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    enable

            2.    configure terminal

            3.    router isis

            4.    default-information originate [route-map map-name]

            5.    end

            6.    show ip route


          DETAILED STEPS
             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1 enable


            Example:
            Router> enable
             

            Enables privileged EXEC mode.

            • Enter your password if prompted.
             
            Step 2 configure terminal


            Example:
            Router# configure terminal
             

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 3 router isis


            Example:
            Router(config)# router isis
             

            Enables IS-IS as an IP routing protocol.

            • Enters router configuration mode.
             
            Step 4 default-information originate [route-map map-name]


            Example:
            Router(config-router)# default-information originate
             

            Generates a default route into an IS-IS routing domain.

            • Use the route map to identify the level into which the default route is to be announced, whether a particular non-default prefix must be reachable, etc.
             
            Step 5 end


            Example:
            Router(config-router)# end
             

            Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

             
            Step 6 show ip route


            Example:
            Router# show ip route
             

            (Optional) Displays the current state of the routing table.

             

            Configuring an IS-IS Default Metric

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    enable

              2.    configure terminal

              3.    router isis

              4.    metric default-value [level-1 | level-2]

              5.    end

              6.    show clns interface [type number]


            DETAILED STEPS
               Command or ActionPurpose
              Step 1 enable


              Example:
              Router> enable
               

              Enables privileged EXEC mode.

              • Enter your password if prompted.
               
              Step 2 configure terminal


              Example:
              Router# configure terminal
               

              Enters global configuration mode.

               
              Step 3 router isis


              Example:
              Router(config)# router isis 1
               

              Enables IS-IS as an IP routing protocol.

              • Enters router configuration mode.
               
              Step 4 metric default-value [level-1 | level-2]


              Example:
              Router(config-router)# metric 25 level-2 
               

              Globally sets a new default metric value for all IS-IS interfaces.

              • The value 25 shown in the example will apply only to Level 2 IS-IS interfaces. If you do not enter the level-1 or level-2 keyword, the metric will be applied to both Level 1 and Level 2 IS-IS interfaces.
               
              Step 5 end


              Example:
              Router(config-router)# end
               

              Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

               
              Step 6 show clns interface [type number]


              Example:
              Router# show clns interface 
               

              (Optional) Displays the CLNS-specific information about each interface.

              • Enter this command if you want to verify the IS-IS global default metric that is set for the interface.
               

              Configuration Examples for Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design

              Example Configuring a Global Default Metric for IPv4

              The following configuration example for an IS-IS routing process called area1 sets a global default metric of 111 for the IS-IS interfaces:

              interface Ethernet3/1
               ip address 172.16.10.2 255.255.0.0
               ip router isis area1
               no ip route-cache
               duplex half
              !
              interface Ethernet3/2
               ip address 192.168.242.2 255.255.255.0
               ip router isis area1
               no ip route-cache
               duplex half
              router isis area1
               net 01.0000.0309.1234.00
               metric-style wide
               metric 111
              

              In the following example, the show clns interface command confirms that the IS-IS IPv4 interface metric for both Level 1 and Level 2 interfaces is assigned the new default metric value 111:

              Router# show clns interface
              Ethernet3/1 is up, line protocol is up
                Checksums enabled, MTU 1497, Encapsulation SAP
                ERPDUs enabled, min. interval 10 msec.
                CLNS fast switching enabled
                CLNS SSE switching disabled
                DEC compatibility mode OFF for this interface
                Next ESH/ISH in 39 seconds
                Routing Protocol: IS-IS
                  Circuit Type: level-1-2
                  Interface number 0x0, local circuit ID 0x1
                  Level-1 Metric: 111, Priority: 64, Circuit ID: mekong.01
                  Level-1 IPv6 Metric: 10
                  Number of active level-1 adjacencies: 0
                  Level-2 Metric: 111, Priority: 64, Circuit ID: mekong.01
                  Level-2 IPv6 Metric: 10
                  Number of active level-2 adjacencies: 0
                  Next IS-IS LAN Level-1 Hello in 922 milliseconds
                  Next IS-IS LAN Level-2 Hello in 1 seconds
              Ethernet3/2 is up, line protocol is up
                Checksums enabled, MTU 1497, Encapsulation SAP
                ERPDUs enabled, min. interval 10 msec.
                CLNS fast switching enabled
                CLNS SSE switching disabled
                DEC compatibility mode OFF for this interface
                Next ESH/ISH in 20 seconds
                Routing Protocol: IS-IS
                  Circuit Type: level-1-2
                  Interface number 0x1, local circuit ID 0x2
                  Level-1 Metric: 111, Priority: 64, Circuit ID: mekong.02
                  Level-1 IPv6 Metric: 10
                  Number of active level-1 adjacencies: 1
                  Level-2 Metric: 111, Priority: 64, Circuit ID: mekong.02
                  Level-2 IPv6 Metric: 10
                  Number of active level-2 adjacencies: 1
                  Next IS-IS LAN Level-1 Hello in 2 seconds
                  Next IS-IS LAN Level-2 Hello in 1 seconds
              

              In the following example, the isis metric command is entered so that it will assign a metric value of 10. The metric value that is set with the isis metric command for Ethernet interface 3/1 will take precedence over the metric value that was previously set with the metric command.

              interface Ethernet3/1
               ip address 172.30.10.2 255.255.0.0
               ip router isis area1
               no ip route-cache
               duplex half
               isis metric 10
              !
              interface Ethernet3/2
               ip address 192.168.224.2 255.255.255.0
               ip router isis area1
               no ip route-cache
               duplex half
              router isis area1
               net 01.0000.0309.1234.00
               metric-style wide
               metric 111
              

              When the show clns interfacecommand is entered, the router output confirms that the interface has an assigned IS-IS IPv4 metric value of 10:

              Router# show clns interface
              Ethernet3/1 is up, line protocol is up
                Checksums enabled, MTU 1497, Encapsulation SAP
                ERPDUs enabled, min. interval 10 msec.
                CLNS fast switching enabled
                CLNS SSE switching disabled
                DEC compatibility mode OFF for this interface
                Next ESH/ISH in 53 seconds
                Routing Protocol: IS-IS
                  Circuit Type: level-1-2
                  Interface number 0x0, local circuit ID 0x1
                  Level-1 Metric: 10, Priority: 64, Circuit ID: mekong.01
                  Level-1 IPv6 Metric: 10
                  Number of active level-1 adjacencies: 0
                  Level-2 Metric: 10, Priority: 64, Circuit ID: mekong.01
                  Level-2 IPv6 Metric: 10
                  Number of active level-2 adjacencies: 0
                  Next IS-IS LAN Level-1 Hello in 4 seconds
                  Next IS-IS LAN Level-2 Hello in 4 seconds
              Ethernet3/2 is up, line protocol is up
                Checksums enabled, MTU 1497, Encapsulation SAP
                ERPDUs enabled, min. interval 10 msec.
                CLNS fast switching enabled
                CLNS SSE switching disabled
                DEC compatibility mode OFF for this interface
                Next ESH/ISH in 30 seconds
                Routing Protocol: IS-IS
                  Circuit Type: level-1-2
                  Interface number 0x1, local circuit ID 0x2
                  Level-1 Metric: 111, Priority: 64, Circuit ID: mekong.02
                  Level-1 IPv6 Metric: 10
                  Number of active level-1 adjacencies: 1
                  Level-2 Metric: 111, Priority: 64, Circuit ID: mekong.02
                  Level-2 IPv6 Metric: 10
                  Number of active level-2 adjacencies: 1
                  Next IS-IS LAN Level-1 Hello in 2 seconds
                  Next IS-IS LAN Level-2 Hello in 922 milliseconds

              Where to Go Next

              • To customize IS-IS for achieving fast convergence and scalability, see the "Overview of IS-IS Fast Convergence" module.
              • To enhance IS-IS network security, see the "Enhancing Security in an IS-IS Network" module.

              Additional References

              Related Documents

              Related Topic

              Document Title

              IS-IS commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, command history, usage guidelines, and examples

              Cisco IOS IP Routing: ISIS Command Reference

              Overview of Integrated IS-IS conceptual information with links to all the individual IS-IS modules

              "Integrated IS-IS Routing Protocol Overview" module

              Configuring IPv6

              "Implementing IPv6 Addressing and Basic Connectivity" module in the Cisco IOS IPv6 Configuration Guide

              Configuring the IS-IS protocol for IPv6 networks

              "Implementing IS-IS for IPv6" module in the Cisco IOS IPv6 Configuration Guide

              RFCs

              RFCs

              Title

              RFC 1195

              http:/​/​www.ietf.org/​rfc/​rfc1195.txt Use of OSI IS-IS for Routing in TCP/IP and Dual Environments

              Technical Assistance

              Description

              Link

              The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

              http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

              Feature Information for Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design

              The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

              Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

              Table 1 Feature Information for Customizing IS-IS for Your Network Design

              Feature Name

              Releases

              Feature Information

              Integrated IS-IS Global Default Metric

              12.0(27)S 12.2(25)S 12.3(4)T

              The Integrated IS-IS Global Default Metric feature allows you to change the global IS-IS default metric for interfaces so that you need not change the metric values for the interfaces one by one. All interfaces that had the original IS-IS default metric 10 will be configured with the new global default value.