The Integrated File System Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS
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Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS

Contents

Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS

Cisco IOS Release 12.4 provides the ability to transfer files between your Cisco IOS software-based device and a remote HTTP server using the HTTP or HTTP Secure (HTTPS) protocol. HTTP and HTTPS can now be specified as the targets and source locations in Cisco IOS command-line interface (CLI) commands that use file system prefixes such as the copy command.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

To copy files to or from a remote HTTP server, your system must support the HTTP client feature, which is integrated in most Cisco IOS software images. The HTTP client is enabled by default. To determine if the HTTP client is supported on your system, issue the show ip http client allcommand. If you are able to execute the command, the HTTP client is supported.

Commands exist for the optional configuration of the embedded HTTP client and for the HTTPS client, but the default configuration is sufficient for using the File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPS feature. For information on configuring optional HTTP or HTTPS client characteristics, see the “Related Documents” section.

Restrictions for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

Existing limitations to the copy command, such as no network-to-network copies, are in effect for the File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPS feature.


Note


The copy command in Cisco IOS Release 12.4T does not work in conjunction with older versions of the Apache server software. The Apache server software must be upgraded to version 2.0.49 or later in order to use the copy command.


Information About File Transfers Using HTTP or HTTPs

To transfer files using HTTP or HTTPS, you should understand the following concept:

The File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPs feature provides the capability to copy files, such as Cisco IOS image files, core files, configuration files, log files, scripts, and so on, to and from a remote server and your local routing device using the Cisco IOS copy command and command-line interface. The HTTP copy operation works in the same way as copying from other remote file systems, such as FTP or TFTP.

The HTTP copy operation can use the embedded HTTPS client for HTTP Secure transfers, providing secure and authenticated file transfers within the context of a public key infrastructure (PKI).

How to Transfer Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

This section contains the following procedures:


Note


To use the File Transfer Using HTTP feature, you may need to specify a username and password for the HTTP connections for those servers that require a username and password to connect. Commands are also available to specify custom connection characteristics, although default settings can be used. The feature also offers commands to monitor and maintain connections and files.


Configuring HTTP Connection Characteristics for File Transfers

Default values are provided for HTTP File transfers. The following task is used to customize the connection characteristics for your network to specify a username and password, connection preferences, a remote proxy server, and the source interface to be used.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip http client connection {forceclose | idletimeoutseconds | timeoutseconds}

    4.    ip http client username username

    5.    ip http client password password

    6.    ip http client proxy-server {proxy-name | ip-address} [proxy-portport-number]

    7.    ip http client source-interface interface-id

    8.    do copy running-config startup-config

    9.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ip http client connection {forceclose | idletimeoutseconds | timeoutseconds}


    Example:
    Router(config)# ip http client connection timeout 15
     

    Configures characteristics for HTTP client connections to a remote HTTP server for all file transfers:

    • forceclose --Disables the default persistent connection.

    • idle timeout seconds --Sets the period of time allowed for an idle connection, in a range from 1 to 60 seconds. Default timeout is 30 seconds.

    • timeout seconds --Sets the maximum time the HTTP client waits for a connection, in a range from 1 to 60 seconds. Default is 10 seconds.

     
    Step 4 ip http client username username


    Example:
    Router(config)# ip http client username user1
     

    Specifies the username to be used for HTTP client connections that require user authentication.

    Note   

    You can also specify the username on the CLI when you issue the copy command, in which case the username entered overrides the username entered with this command. See the “Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs: Example” section for an example.

     
    Step 5 ip http client password password


    Example:
    Router(config)# ip http client password letmein
     

    Specifies the password to be used for HTTP client connections that require user authentication.

    Note   

    You can also specify the password on the CLI when you issue the copy command, in which case the password entered overrides the password entered with this command. See the “Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs: Example” section for an example.

     
    Step 6 ip http client proxy-server {proxy-name | ip-address} [proxy-portport-number]


    Example:
    Router(config)# ip http client proxy-server edge2 proxy-port 29
     

    Configures the HTTP client to connect to a remote proxy server for HTTP file system client connections.

    • The optionalproxy-portport-number keyword and argument specify the proxy port number on the remote proxy server.

     
    Step 7 ip http client source-interface interface-id


    Example:
    Router(config)# ip http client source-interface Ethernet 0/1
     

    Specifies the interface for the source address in all HTTP client connections.

     
    Step 8 do copy running-config startup-config


    Example:
    Router(config)# do copy running-config startup-config
     

    (Optional) Saves the running configuration as the startup configuration file.

    • The do command allows you to execute privileged EXEC mode commands from global configuration mode.

     
    Step 9 end


    Example:
    Router(config)# end


    Example:
    Router# 
     

    Ends your configuration session and returns the CLI to user EXEC mode.

     

    Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs

    Perform this task to download a file from a remote HTTP server using HTTP or HTTPs. The copy command helps you to copy any file from a source to a destination.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    Do one of the following:

      • copy [/erase] [/noverify] http://remote-source-urllocal-destination-url
      • copy https:// remote-source-url local-destination-url


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable


      Example:

       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2Do one of the following:
      • copy [/erase] [/noverify] http://remote-source-urllocal-destination-url
      • copy https:// remote-source-url local-destination-url


      Example:
      Router# copy http://user1:mypassword@209.165.202.129:8080/image_files/c7200-i-mx flash:c7200-i-mx


      Example:
      Router# copy


      Example:
      copy https://user1:mypassword@209.165.202.129:8080/image_files/c7200-i-mx flash:c7200-i-mx
       

      Copies a file from a remote web server to a local file system using HTTP or HTTPS.

      • /erase --Erases the local destination file system before copying. This option is provided on Class B file system platforms with limited memory to allow an easy way to clear local flash memory space.

      • /noverify --If the file being copied is an image file, this keyword disables the automatic image verification that occurs after an image is copied.

      • The remote-source-url argument is the location URL (or alias) from which to get the file to be copied, in standard Cisco IOS file system HTTP syntax as follows:

      http:// [[username:password]@] {hostname | host-ip}[/filepath]/filename

      Note   

      The optional username and password arguments can be used to log in to an HTTP server that requires user authentication, in place of configuring the iphttpclientusername and iphttpclientpassword global configuration commands to specify these authentication strings.

      • The local-destination-url is the location URL (or alias) to put the copied file, in standard Cisco IOS file system syntax as follows:

      filesystem : [/filepath][/filename]

      Note   

      For more information on URL syntax when you use the copy command, see the “Additional References” section.

       

      Troubleshooting Tips

      If file transfers from a remote web server fail, verify the following:

      • Your router has an active connection to the Internet.

      • The correct path and filename have been specified.

      • The remote server requires a username and password.

      • The remote server has a nonstandard communications port configured. (The default port for HTTP is 80; the default port for HTTPS is 443.)

      The CLI returns error messages to help you determine the cause of a failed copy request. Additional information on the copy process can be displayed with the debugiphttpclientall command.

      Uploading a File to a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPS

      Perform this task to upload a file to a remote HTTP server using HTTP or HTTPS.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    Do one of the following:

        • copy [/erase] [/noverify] local-source-urlhttp://remote-destination-url
        • copy local-source-url https:// remote-destination-url


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Router> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.

         
        Step 2Do one of the following:
        • copy [/erase] [/noverify] local-source-urlhttp://remote-destination-url
        • copy local-source-url https:// remote-destination-url


        Example:
        Router# http://user1:mypassword@209.165. 202.129:8080/image_files/c7200-i-mx_backup


        Example:
        Router# copy flash:c7200-i-mx http://user1:mypassword@209.165. 202.129:8080/image_files/c7200-i-mx_backup


        Example:

         

        Copies a file from a local file system to a remote web server using HTTP or HTTPS.

        • /erase --Erases the local destination file system before copying. This option is provided on Class B file system platforms with limited memory to allow an easy way to clear local flash memory space.

        • /noverify --If the file being copied is an image file, this keyword disables the automatic image verification that occurs after an image is copied.

        • The local-source-url argument is the location URL (or alias) from which to get the file to be copied, in standard Cisco IOS file system syntax as follows:

        http:// [[username:password]@] {hostname | host-ip}[/filepath]/filename

        Note   

        The optional username and password arguments can be used to log in to an HTTP server that requires user authentication, in place of configuring the iphttpclientusername and iphttpclientpassword global configuration commands to specify these authentication strings.

        • The remote-destination-url is the URL (or alias) to put the copied file, in standard Cisco IOS file system syntax, as follows:

        filesystem : [/filepath ][/filename ]

        Note   

        For more information on URL syntax when you use the copy command, see the “Additional References” section.

         

        Troubleshooting Tips

        If file transfers from a remote web server fail, verify the following:

        • Your router has an active connection to the Internet.

        • The correct path and filename have been specified.

        • The remote server requires a username and password.

        • The remote server has a nonstandard communications port configured. (The default port for HTTP is 80; the default port for HTTPS is 443.)

        The CLI returns error messages to help you determine the cause of a failed copy request. Additional information on the copy process can be displayed with the debugiphttpclientall command.

        Maintaining and Monitoring File Transfers Using HTTP

        Perform this task to maintain and monitor HTTP connections. Steps 2 through 4 can be performed in any order.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    show ip http client connection

          3.    show ip http client history

          4.    show ip http client session-module


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Router> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.

           
          Step 2 show ip http client connection


          Example:
          Router# show ip http client connection
           

          Displays details about active HTTP client connections.

           
          Step 3 show ip http client history


          Example:
          Router# show ip http client history
           

          Displays the last 20 URLs accessed by the HTTP client.

           
          Step 4 show ip http client session-module


          Example:
          Router# show ip http client session-module
           

          Displays details about about sessions (applications) that have registered with the HTTP client.

           

          Configuration Examples for the File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPs

          Configuring HTTP Connection Characteristics for File Transfers Example

          The following example shows how to configure the HTTP password and username for connection to a remote server that authenticates all users. The example also shows how to configure the connection for a 20-second idle connection period. The maximum time the HTTP client waits for a connection remains at the default 10 seconds.

          Router(config)# ip http client connection idle timeout 20
          Router(config)# ip http client password Secret
          Router(config)# ip http client username User1
          Router(config)# do show running-config | include ip http client
          

          Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs Example

          The following example shows how to configure the file c7200-i-mx is copied from a remote server to flash memory using HTTP. This example also shows how to enter a username and password from the command line for an HTTP server that authenticates users.

          Router# copy http://user1:mypassword@209.165.202.129:8080/image_files/c7200-i-mx flash:c7200-i-mx
          

          Uploading a File from Flash to the Remote HTTP Server Example

          The following example shows how to copy a file from flash memory to the remote HTTP server. The example shows the prompts and displays that can be expected from transferring a file using thecopy privileged EXEC command.

          Router# copy flash:c7200-js-mz.ELL2 http://172.19.209.190/user1/c7200-js-mz.ELL2
          Address or name of remote host [172.19.209.190]?
          Destination filename [user1/c7200-js-mz.ELL2]?
          Storing http://172.19.209.190/user1/c7200-js-mz.ELL2 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
          !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
          !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
          !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
          !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
          !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
          17571956 bytes copied in 57.144 secs (307503 bytes/sec)
          

          Downloading a File from the Remote HTTP Server to Flash Memory Example

          The following example shows how to copy a file from the remote HTTP server to the flash memory. The example shows the prompts and displays that can be expected from transferring a file using the copy privileged EXEC command.

          Router# copy http://172.19.209.190/user1/c7200-i-mz.test  flash:c7200-i-mz.test
          Destination filename [c7200-i-mz.test]?
          Loading http://172.19.209.190/user1/c7200-i-mz.test !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
          .
          .
          .

          11272788 bytes copied in 527.104 secs (21386 bytes/sec)

          
          
              

          Uploading a File to a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs

          The following example shows how to copy a file to the remote server using HTTP or HTTPs.

          router#copy flash
          : http:
          Source filename []? running-config
          Address or name of remote host []? 10.1.102.1 Destination filename [pilot-confg]?file1 ...

          Additional References

          The following sections provide information related to transferring files using HTTP or HTTPS.

          Related Documents

          Related Topic

          Document Title

          Secure HTTP communications

          HTTPS --HTTP Server and Client with SSL 3.0

          Cisco IOS embedded web server

          HTTP 1.1 Web Server and Client

          Cisco IOS embedded web client

          HTTP 1.1 Client

          Network Management Commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

          Cisco IOS Network Management Command Reference

          Configuration Fundamentals Commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

          Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference

          Standards

          Standards

          Title

          No new of modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

          --

          MIBs

          MIBs

          MIBs Link

          None

          To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL: http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

          RFCs

          RFCs

          Title

          RFC 2616

          Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1, R. Fielding, et al.

          RFC 2617

          HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication, J. Franks, et al.

          Technical Assistance

          Description

          Link

          The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

          To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

          Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​techsupport

          Feature Information for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS

          The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

          Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

          Table 1 Feature Information for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS

          Feature Name

          Releases

          Feature Information

          File Download Using HTTP

          12.3(2)T

          The File Download Using HTTP feature allows you to copy files from an HTTP server to a Cisco IOS software-based platform.

          File Upload Using HTTP

          12.3(7)T

          File Transfer Using HTTP

          12.3(7)T

          The File Transfer Using HTTP feature provides the capability to copy files, such as Cisco IOS image files, core files, configuration files, log files, and scripts to and from a remote server and your local routing device using the Cisco IOS copy command and command-line interface. The HTTP copy operation works in the same way as copying from other remote file systems, such as FTP or TFTP.

          This feature provides support for copying files from a Cisco IOS software-based platform to an HTTP server, using either HTTP or HTTPs.