Asynchronous Transfer Mode Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
ATM Hierarchical Shaping ATM VC into VP Shaping
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ATM Hierarchical Shaping ATM VC into VP Shaping

ATM Hierarchical Shaping ATM VC into VP Shaping

Traffic shaping is a quality of service (QoS) mechanism that is used to manage the network traffic by shaping the traffic to a specified rate. Traffic shaping enables the network administrator to:

  • Control access to the available bandwidth.
  • Ensure that the traffic conforms to the policies.
  • Regulate the flow of traffic to avoid congestion that can occur when the transmitted traffic exceeds the access speed of its remote target interface.

Traffic shaping uses queues to constrain data bursts, limit peak data rate, and smooth jitters so that traffic will fit within the promised envelope. Traffic shaping limits the throughput by buffering excess traffic instead of dropping packets.

ATM VP/VC hierarchical shaping provides two levels of traffic shaping--per-VC and per-VP--to control or modify the flow of traffic on an interface. The shaping function also ensures that the traffic from one VC does not adversely impact another VC, thus preventing the loss of data. The traffic is shaped first at the VC level and then at the VP level.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Restrictions for ATM Hierarchical Shaping

All virtual channels (VCs) within a given virtual path (VP) must belong to the same ATM service category.

Information About ATM Hierarchical Shaping

ATM Hierarchical Shaping

If a service (or an application) wants to use an ATM network to transport a particular kind of traffic, it must first inform the network about what kind of traffic is to be transported, and the performance requirements of that traffic. The ATM service categories provide a method to relate traffic characteristics and QoS requirements to network behavior. Hierarchical shaping requires that all VCs belonging to a given VP have the same ATM service category. This hierarchy ensures that packets are shaped first at the VC level and then at the VP level. At the interface level, the priority is based on the ATM service category. The service category is determined by the first PVC that is configured under a VP. The priority is in the following order:

  1. Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
  2. Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR)
  3. Unspecified Bit Rate + (UBR+)
  4. Variable Bit Rate Non Real-Time (VBR-nRT)
  5. Real-time Variable Bit Rate (VBR-RT)

If no service category is specified at the VC level, the default is unshaped UBR. The ATM Hierarchical Shaping feature is supported for the all the above ATM traffic service categories.

For VBR-nRT traffic the output sustainable cell rate (SCR) value that is configured will be taken into account for VC shaping. For UBR traffic, the output peak cell rate (PCR) value that is configured will be taken into account for VC shaping.

The ATM Hierarchical Shaping feature supports over-subscription. Over-subscription occurs when the sum of the configured rate of UBR and VBR PVCs exceeds the line rate.

How to Configure ATM Hierarchical Shaping

Configuring ATM Hierarchical Shaping

Perform this task to configure ATM hierarchical shaping.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface atm interface-number [. subinterface-number {multipoint | point-to-point}]

    4.    pvc vpi / vci

    5.    exit

    6.    ubr output-pcr

    7.    exit

    8.    create on-demand


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface atm interface-number [. subinterface-number {multipoint | point-to-point}]


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface atm 0/3/2.1 point-to-point
     

    Configure an ATM interface and enters subinterface configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 pvc vpi / vci


    Example:
    Router(config-subif)# pvc 2/200
     

    Creates or assigns a name to an ATM PVC and enters ATM virtual circuit configuration mode.

     
    Step 5 exit


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-vc)# exit
     

    Exits ATM virtual circuit configuration mode and returns to subinterface configuration mode.

     
    Step 6 ubr output-pcr


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-vc)# ubr 4000
     

    Configures UBR QoS and specifies the output PCR for an ATM PVC, PVC range, switched virtual circuit (SVC), VC class, or VC bundle member.

     
    Step 7 exit


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-vc)# exit
     

    Exits ATM virtual circuit configuration mode and returns to subinterface configuration mode.

     
    Step 8 create on-demand


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-vc)# create on-demand
     

    Configures ATM PVC autoprovisioning, which enables a PVC or range of PVCs to be created automatically on demand.

     

    Configuration Examples for ATM Hierarchical Shaping

    Example Configuring ATM Hierarchical Shaping

    The following example shows how to configure ATM hierarchical shaping:

    enable
     configure terminal
      interface atm 0/3/2.1 multipoint
       atm pvp 2
       pvc 2/200
        exit
       range range1 pvc 2/100 2/102
        ubr 4000
        exit
       atm pvp 3
       pvc 3/100
        vbr-nrt 1000 1000
        create on-demand
        end

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    ATM commands

    Cisco IOS Asynchronous Transfer Mode Command Reference

    Standards

    Standard

    Title

    No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

    --

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    RFCs

    RFC

    Title

    No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.

    --

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for ATM Hierarchical Shaping

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for ATM Hierarchical Shaping

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    ATM Hierarchical Shaping--ATM VC into VP Shaping

    Cisco IOS XE Release 3.3S

    ATM VP/VC hierarchical shaping provides two levels of traffic shaping--per-VC and per-VP--to control or modify the flow of traffic on an interface. The shaping function also ensures that traffic from one VC does not adversely impact another VC, thus preventing loss of data. The traffic is shaped first at the VC level and then at the VP level.