inform --SNMP trap message that includes a delivery confirmation request.
MIB --Management Information Base. Database of network management information that is used and maintained by a network management protocol such as SNMP. The value of a MIB object can be changed or retrieved using SNMP commands, usually through a network management system (NMS). MIB objects are organized in a tree structure that includes public (standard) and private (proprietary) branches.
NMS --Network Management System. An application or suite of applications designed to monitor networks using SNMP. CiscoView is one example of an NMS.
OAM --Operation, Administration, and Maintenance. ATM Forum specifies OAM cells used to monitor virtual circuits. OAM cells provide a virtual circuit-level loopback in which a router responds to the cells, demonstrating that the circuit is up and the router is operational.
PVC --Permanent Virtual Circuit. Virtual circuit that is permanently established. PVCs save bandwidth associated with circuit establishment and teardown in situations where certain virtual circuits must exist all the time. In ATM terminology, PVC also stands for permanent virtual connection.
SNMP --Simple Network Management Protocol. An application-layer protocol that provides a message format for communication between SNMP managers and agents and is exclusively used in TCP/IP networks. SNMP provides a means to monitor and control network devices and to manage configurations, statistics collection, performance, and security.
trap --A message from an SNMP agent alerting the SNMP manager to a condition on the network.
VCI --Virtual Channel Identifier. 16-bit field in the header of an ATM cell. The VCI, together with the VPI, is used to identify the next destination of a cell as it passes through a series of ATM switches on its way to its destination. ATM switches use the VPI/VCI fields to identify the next network VCL that a cell needs to transit on its way to its final destination.
VCL --Virtual Channel Link. Connection between two ATM devices.
VPI --Virtual Path Identifier. Eight-bit field in the header of an ATM cell. The VPI, together with the VCI, is used to identify the next destination of a cell as it passes through a series of ATM switches on its way to its destination. ATM switches use the VPI/VCI fields to identify the next VCL that a cell needs to transit on its way to its final destination. The function of the VPI is similar to that of the DLCI in Frame Relay.