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Cisco PGW 2200 and HSI Softswitch Out-of-band DTMF for SIP and H.323

Cisco - Cisco PGW 2200 and HSI Softswitch Out-of-band DTMF for SIP and H.323

Document ID: 49923

Updated: Feb 02, 2006

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Introduction

This document describes the working of out-of-band dual-tone multifrequency (DTMF) on the Cisco PGW 2200 for Call Control mode by using either a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Proxy Server, a Cisco H.323 Signaling Interface (HSI) adjunct platform, or both for H.323 communication. For SIP the sip-notify is a new DTMF relay method that is proposed on Cisco IOS® Software and on the Cisco PGW 2200. For the Cisco HSI transmit and receive of H.245 Alphanumeric information during the H.245 negotiation phase is implemented.

Prerequisites

Requirements

Readers of this document should have knowledge of these topics:

Components Used

The information in this document is based on these software and hardware versions:

  • Cisco PGW 2200 Releases 9.4(1) and later

  • Cisco HSI verion 4.1

Note: Both running on the latest patch level available on Cisco.com.

The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure that you understand the potential impact of any command.

Conventions

For more information on document conventions, refer to the Cisco Technical Tips Conventions.

Cisco PGW 2200 and HSI - DTMF Out-of-band

The Cisco PGW 2200 supports DTMF relay for both SIP and H.323.

H.323

The Cisco PGW 2200 and HSI support out-of-band DTMF relay. DTMF digits from the media gateway (MGW) are sent to the Cisco PGW 2200 through Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP), and send over via Extended-ISDN User Part (E-ISUP) messages to the Cisco HSI. This results in a H.245 message from the Cisco HSI towards a gatekeeper.

Figure 1 - DTMF H.323

pgw_dtmf1.gif

In Figure 1, the Cisco HSI always transmits as type H.245 ''signal." Basically, the Cisco HSI can receive it as either type H.245 "signal" or "alpha."

Figure 2 - DTMF MGCP

pgw_dtmf2.gif

For MGW to Cisco PGW 2200 through the debug mgcp packet command on the MGW, this information is seen:

From debug mgcp packet output 
MGCP...... -> NTFY 123 s0/ds1-1/17@mgw04 MGCP 0.1 
                                       X: 703 
                                       O: D/0  <--------------------------------received 0 
                                       MGCP...... -> 200 123 OK 

The H.245 message from Cisco HSI to the gateway through the debug h245 asn1 command on the gateway tells you details via the H.245 userInput : signal.

From debug h245 asn1 debug output 
00:52:17: H245 MSC INCOMING PDU ::=
                       
value MultimediaSystemControlMessage ::= indication : userInput : signal : 
                 { 
                 signalType "5" 

!--- Digit relayed is 5.

Figure 3 - Cisco PGW 2200 and HSI Concept

pgw_dtmf3.gif

Configuration

On the MGCP gateway, add these commands:

mgcp package-capability dtmf-package 
mgcp dtmf-relay voip codec all mode out-of-band

On the Cisco PGW 2200:

Auto-detects

On the Cisco IOS H.323 gateway, under the dial-peer voice xx voip command, add this command:

dtmf-relay h245-signal

On the Cisco HSI : (HSI provisioning URL)

prov-add:name=sys_config_static, dtmfsupporteddirection=both 
prov-add:name=sys_config_static, dtmfsupportedtype=dtmf 

Example

To configure this on the Cisco HSI:

gw mml> prov-sta::srcver="active",dstver="DTMF_Config" 
   H323 Signalling Gateway   Mon Feb  2 13:27:57 2004 
M  SUCC

Successfully started provisioning session "DTMF_Config" from "active."

Note: This provisioning session has not been verified.

gw mml> prov-add:name="SYS_CONFIG_STATIC",DtmfSupportedType="dtmf" 
   H323 Signalling Gateway   Mon Feb  2 13:29:18 2004 
M  SUCC

Successfully added provisioning elements:

  • MML Name: SYS_CONFIG_STATIC

  • Parameter: DtmfSupportedType

  • Value: DTMF

gw mml> prov-add:name="SYS_CONFIG_STATIC",DtmfSupportedDirection="both" 
   H323 Signalling Gateway   Mon Feb  2 13:29:41 2004 
M  SUCC

Successfully added provisioning elements:

  • MML Name: SYS_CONFIG_STATIC

  • Parameter: DtmfSupportedDirection

  • Value: both

gw mml> prov-cpy 
   H323 Signalling Gateway   Mon Feb  2 13:29:49 2004 
M  SUCC 

Note: The HSI needs to be restarted after changing these parameters because they are "static" and therefore only read during a restart.

MGCP DTMF digits can come out of order, due to the MGCP dual Ethernet connection.

  • On the sending side, the Cisco IOS AS5xxx detects the digit with a MGCP NTFY with O: D/1 (MGCP notify with observed event digit 1).

  • On the receiving side, the Cisco IOS AS5xxx sends the digits with a MGCP RQNT with S: D/1 (MGCP request event while sending the signal digit 1).

In looking for an HSI solution, review the H.245 message which can not come out of order due to the TCP that keeps the message in sequence. This is the same for the E-ISUP links using UDP/RUDP (Reliable UDP). During troubleshooting for such an event, consider the MGCP connection which uses UDP and can result in the digits being duplicated along the path for packet re-transmissions. Also, overload of the Ethernet segment can be another reason for this situation.

SIP

The Cisco PGW 2200 supports out-of-band SIP DTMF from Release 9.4(1) latest patches. When the Cisco PGW 2200 receives a SIP SUBSCRIBE for DTMF, it will inform the MGCP gateway to pass the DTMF up to the Cisco PGW 2200, and then the Cisco PGW 2200 will send a SIP NOTIFY message with the DTMF. From the other direction, if the Cisco PGW 2200 receives an unsolicited SIP NOTIFY message with DTMF, the Cisco PGW 2200 will use MGCP to request the MGW to generate DTMF.

Figure 4 - PGW2200 - SIP

pgw_dtmf4.gif

Whether it be solicited or unsolicited, the Endpoint should request NOTIFICATION via a SUBSCRIBE which will cause the Cisco PGW 2200 to send RQNT to the gateway and a NOTIFY when the digits are received. Cisco PGW 2200 will send RQNT to the gateway only after receiving either a SUBSCRIBE message or an unsolicited NOTIFY response message in 18x/200 message.

Figure 5 - DTMF SIP

pgw_dtmf5.gif

  • Solicited via SUBSCRIBE message:

    SUBSCRIBE sip:abc@cisco.com SIP/2.0 
    Call-Id: 100@cisco.com 
    To: <sip:notifier@cisco.com> 
    From: <tel:+14085554000>;tag=abcd 
    CSeq: 1 SUBSCRIBE 
    Events: telephone-event;duration=2000 
    Expires: 3600 
    Content-Length: 0

SUBSCRIBE is required if the other SIP side wants to know about DTMF digits coming from the PSTN. If the Cisco PGW 2200 gets SUBSCRIBE, it will request the MGCP gateway to pass DTMF events up MGCP, and the Cisco PGW 2200 will send NOTIFY.

If the Cisco PGW 2200 gets an unsolicited NOTIFY from the SIP side, the Cisco PGW 2200 will request the MGCP gateway to play DTMF towards the PSTN.

Related Information

Updated: Feb 02, 2006
Document ID: 49923