Guest

IPSec Negotiation/IKE Protocols

Configuring IOS-to-IOS IPSec Using AES Encryption

Cisco - Configuring IOS-to-IOS IPSec Using AES Encryption

Introduction

This document provides a sample configuration for an IOS-to-IOS IPSec tunnel using Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) encryption.

Prerequisites

Requirements

AES encryption support has been introduced in Cisco IOS® 12.2(13)T.

Components Used

The information in this document is based on these software and hardware versions:

  • Cisco IOS Software Release 12.3(10)

  • Cisco 1721 routers

The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure that you understand the potential impact of any command.

Conventions

For more information on document conventions, refer to Cisco Technical Tips Conventions.

Configure

In this section, you are presented with the information to configure the features described in this document.

Note: To find additional information on the commands used in this document, use the Command Lookup Tool (registered customers only) .

Configurations

This document uses the configurations shown here.

Router 1721-A
R-1721-A#show run
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 1706 bytes
!
! Last configuration change at 00:46:32 UTC Fri Sep 10 2004
! NVRAM config last updated at 00:45:48 UTC Fri Sep 10 2004
!
version 12.3
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
no service password-encryption
!
hostname R-1721-A
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
!
memory-size iomem 15
mmi polling-interval 60
no mmi auto-configure
no mmi pvc
mmi snmp-timeout 180
no aaa new-model
ip subnet-zero
ip cef
!
!
!
ip audit po max-events 100
no ip domain lookup
no ftp-server write-enable
!
!
! 
!


!--- Define Internet Key Exchange (IKE) policy.

crypto isakmp policy 10

!--- Specify the 256-bit AES as the
!--- encryption algorithm within an IKE policy.

 encr aes 256

!--- Specify that pre-shared key authentication is used.

 authentication pre-share


!--- Specify the shared secret.

crypto isakmp key cisco123 address 10.48.66.146
!
!

!--- Define the IPSec transform set.

crypto ipsec transform-set aesset esp-aes 256 esp-sha-hmac 
!

!--- Define crypto map entry name "aesmap" that will use 
!--- IKE to establish the security associations (SA).

crypto map aesmap 10 ipsec-isakmp 

!--- Specify remote IPSec peer.

 set peer 10.48.66.146

!--- Specify which transform sets
!--- are allowed for this crypto map entry.

 set transform-set aesset 

!--- Name the access list that determines which traffic 
!--- should be protected by IPSec.

 match address acl_vpn
!
!
!
interface ATM0
 no ip address
 shutdown
 no atm ilmi-keepalive
 dsl equipment-type CPE
 dsl operating-mode GSHDSL symmetric annex A
 dsl linerate AUTO
!
interface Ethernet0
 ip address 192.168.100.1 255.255.255.0
 ip nat inside
 half-duplex
!
interface FastEthernet0
 ip address 10.48.66.147 255.255.254.0
 ip nat outside
 speed auto

!--- Apply crypto map to the interface.

 crypto map aesmap
!
ip nat inside source list acl_nat interface FastEthernet0 overload
ip classless
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.48.66.1
ip route 192.168.200.0 255.255.255.0 FastEthernet0
no ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!


ip access-list extended acl_nat

!--- Exclude protected traffic from being NAT'ed.

 deny   ip 192.168.100.0 0.0.0.255 192.168.200.0 0.0.0.255
 permit ip 192.168.100.0 0.0.0.255 any


!--- Access list that defines traffic protected by IPSec.

ip access-list extended acl_vpn
 permit ip 192.168.100.0 0.0.0.255 192.168.200.0 0.0.0.255
!
!
line con 0
 exec-timeout 0 0
line aux 0
line vty 0 4
!
end

R-1721-A#

Router 1721-B
R-1721-B#show run
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 1492 bytes
!
! Last configuration change at 14:11:41 UTC Wed Sep 8 2004
!
version 12.3
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
no service password-encryption
!
hostname R-1721-B
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
!
memory-size iomem 15
mmi polling-interval 60
no mmi auto-configure
no mmi pvc
mmi snmp-timeout 180
no aaa new-model
ip subnet-zero
ip cef
!
!
!
ip audit po max-events 100
no ip domain lookup
no ftp-server write-enable
!
!
!
! 
!

!--- Define IKE policy.

crypto isakmp policy 10

!--- Specify the 256-bit AES as the
!--- encryption algorithm within an IKE policy.

 encr aes 256

!--- Specify that pre-shared key authentication is used.

 authentication pre-share


!--- Specify the shared secret.

crypto isakmp key cisco123 address 10.48.66.147
!
!

!--- Define the IPSec transform set.

crypto ipsec transform-set aesset esp-aes 256 esp-sha-hmac 
!

!--- Define crypto map entry name "aesmap" that uses 
!--- IKE to establish the SA.

crypto map aesmap 10 ipsec-isakmp 

!--- Specify remote IPSec peer.

 set peer 10.48.66.147

!--- Specify which transform sets
!--- are allowed for this crypto map entry.

 set transform-set aesset 

!--- Name the access list that determines which traffic 
!--- should be protected by IPSec.

 match address acl_vpn
!
!
!
interface Ethernet0
 ip address 192.168.200.1 255.255.255.0
 ip nat inside
 half-duplex
!
interface FastEthernet0
 ip address 10.48.66.146 255.255.254.0
 ip nat outside
 speed auto

!--- Apply crypto map to the interface.

 crypto map aesmap
!
ip nat inside source list acl_nat interface FastEthernet0 overload
ip classless
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.48.66.1
ip route 192.168.100.0 255.255.255.0 FastEthernet0
no ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!
ip access-list extended acl_nat

!--- Exclude protected traffic from being NAT'ed.

 deny   ip 192.168.200.0 0.0.0.255 192.168.100.0 0.0.0.255
 permit ip 192.168.200.0 0.0.0.255 any



!--- Access list that defines traffic protected by IPSec.

ip access-list extended acl_vpn
 permit ip 192.168.200.0 0.0.0.255 192.168.100.0 0.0.0.255
!
!
line con 0
 exec-timeout 0 0
line aux 0
line vty 0 4
!
end

R-1721-B#

Verify

This section provides information you can use to confirm your configuration is working properly.

Certain show commands are supported by the Output Interpreter Tool (registered customers only) , which allows you to view an analysis of show command output.

  • show crypto isakmp sa—Displays the state for the Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) SA.

    Router 1721-A
    R-1721-A#show crypto isakmp sa     
    dst             src             state          conn-id slot
    10.48.66.147    10.48.66.146    QM_IDLE              1    0

    Router 1721-B
    R-1721-B#show crypto isakmp sa     
    dst             src             state          conn-id slot
    10.48.66.147    10.48.66.146    QM_IDLE              1    0

  • show crypto ipsec sa—Displays the statistics on the active tunnels.

    Router 1721-A
    R-1721-A#show crypto ipsec sa
    
    interface: FastEthernet0
        Crypto map tag: aesmap, local addr. 10.48.66.147
    
       protected vrf: 
       local  ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (192.168.100.0/255.255.255.0/0/0)
       remote ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (192.168.200.0/255.255.255.0/0/0)
       current_peer: 10.48.66.146:500
         PERMIT, flags={origin_is_acl,}
        #pkts encaps: 30, #pkts encrypt: 30, #pkts digest 30
        #pkts decaps: 30, #pkts decrypt: 30, #pkts verify 30
        #pkts compressed: 0, #pkts decompressed: 0
        #pkts not compressed: 0, #pkts compr. failed: 0
        #pkts not decompressed: 0, #pkts decompress failed: 0
        #send errors 0, #recv errors 0
    
         local crypto endpt.: 10.48.66.147, remote crypto endpt.: 10.48.66.146
         path mtu 1500, ip mtu 1500, ip mtu idb FastEthernet0
         current outbound spi: 2EB0BA1A
    
         inbound esp sas:
          spi: 0xFECA28BC(4274661564)
            transform: esp-256-aes esp-sha-hmac ,
            in use settings ={Tunnel, }
            slot: 0, conn id: 2000, flow_id: 1, crypto map: aesmap
            sa timing: remaining key lifetime (k/sec): (4554237/2895)
            IV size: 16 bytes
            replay detection support: Y
    
         inbound ah sas:
    
         inbound pcp sas:
    
         outbound esp sas:
          spi: 0x2EB0BA1A(783333914)
            transform: esp-256-aes esp-sha-hmac ,
            in use settings ={Tunnel, }
            slot: 0, conn id: 2001, flow_id: 2, crypto map: aesmap
            sa timing: remaining key lifetime (k/sec): (4554237/2894)
            IV size: 16 bytes
            replay detection support: Y
    
         outbound ah sas:
    
         outbound pcp sas:
    R-1721-A#

    Router 1721-B
    R-1721-B#show crypto ipsec sa
    
    interface: FastEthernet0
        Crypto map tag: aesmap, local addr. 10.48.66.146
    
       protected vrf: 
       local  ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (192.168.200.0/255.255.255.0/0/0)
       remote ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (192.168.100.0/255.255.255.0/0/0)
       current_peer: 10.48.66.147:500
         PERMIT, flags={origin_is_acl,}
        #pkts encaps: 30, #pkts encrypt: 30, #pkts digest 30
        #pkts decaps: 30, #pkts decrypt: 30, #pkts verify 30
        #pkts compressed: 0, #pkts decompressed: 0
        #pkts not compressed: 0, #pkts compr. failed: 0
        #pkts not decompressed: 0, #pkts decompress failed: 0
        #send errors 5, #recv errors 0
    
         local crypto endpt.: 10.48.66.146, remote crypto endpt.: 10.48.66.147
         path mtu 1500, ip mtu 1500, ip mtu idb FastEthernet0
         current outbound spi: FECA28BC
    
         inbound esp sas:
          spi: 0x2EB0BA1A(783333914)
            transform: esp-256-aes esp-sha-hmac ,
            in use settings ={Tunnel, }
            slot: 0, conn id: 2000, flow_id: 1, crypto map: aesmap
            sa timing: remaining key lifetime (k/sec): (4583188/2762)
            IV size: 16 bytes
            replay detection support: Y
    
         inbound ah sas:
    
         inbound pcp sas:
    
         outbound esp sas:
          spi: 0xFECA28BC(4274661564)
            transform: esp-256-aes esp-sha-hmac ,
            in use settings ={Tunnel, }
            slot: 0, conn id: 2001, flow_id: 2, crypto map: aesmap
            sa timing: remaining key lifetime (k/sec): (4583188/2761)
            IV size: 16 bytes
            replay detection support: Y
    
         outbound ah sas:
    
         outbound pcp sas:
    R-1721-B#

  • show crypto engine connections active—Displays the total encrypts/decrypts per SA.

    Router 1721-A
    R-1721-A#show crypto engine connections active 
    
      ID Interface       IP-Address      State  Algorithm           Encrypt  Decrypt
       1 FastEthernet0   10.48.66.147    set    HMAC_SHA+AES_256_C        0        0
    2000 FastEthernet0   10.48.66.147    set    HMAC_SHA+AES_256_C        0       30
    2001 FastEthernet0   10.48.66.147    set    HMAC_SHA+AES_256_C       30        0

    Router 1721-B
    R-1721-B#show crypto engine connections active 
    
      ID Interface       IP-Address      State  Algorithm           Encrypt  Decrypt
       1 FastEthernet0   10.48.66.146    set    HMAC_SHA+AES_256_C        0        0
    2000 FastEthernet0   10.48.66.146    set    HMAC_SHA+AES_256_C        0       30
    2001 FastEthernet0   10.48.66.146    set    HMAC_SHA+AES_256_C       30        0

Troubleshoot

This section provides information you can use to troubleshoot your configuration.

Troubleshooting Commands

Note: Before issuing debug commands, please see Important Information on Debug Commands.

  • debug crypto ipsec—Displays IPSec events.

  • debug crypto isakmp—Displays messages about IKE events.

  • debug crypto engine—Displays information from the crypto engine.

Additional information on troubleshooting IPSec can be found at IP Security Troubleshooting - Understanding and Using debug commands.

Related Information

Updated: Feb 02, 2006
Document ID: 43069