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Cisco ONS 15454 Series Multiservice Transport Platforms

Cisco ONS 15454 4 x 2.5-Gbps Muxponder Card

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Text Box: Figure 1Cisco ONS 15454 4x 2.5-Gbps Muxponder Card

The Cisco® ONS 15454 Multiservice Transport Platform (MSTP 4x 2.5-Gbps Muxponder card expands the Cisco ONS platform's OC-48/STM-16 interface density. The card enables the delivery of transparent 2.5-Gbps-based services for enterprises or metropolitan and regional service provider networks (Figure 1).

BACKGROUND

Metro transport networks must support numerous service demands, from low-rate DS-1/T1, DS-3/E3, 10/100BASE-T, and OC-3/STM-1 to higher-rate OC-12/STM-4, Gigabit Ethernet, OC-48/STM-16, OC-192/STM-64, and 10 Gigabit Ethernet services. In the recent past, SONET add/drop multiplexers (ADMs) provided the services platform to aggregate and transport services up to OC-48/STM-16, whereas metro dense wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM) platforms were designed for optical signals from OC-3/STM-1 to OC-192/STM-64, including Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gigabit Ethernet. Unfortunately, deploying multiple platforms (including metro DWDM and SONET ADMs) to support multiple services is not cost-effective for many service provider and enterprise networks. The Cisco ONS 15454 MSPP with a muxponder card provides a more cost-effective networking solution to enable the delivery of all services, from lower-speed DS-1/E1, high-density 2.5 Gbps, and high-bandwidth OC-192/STM-64.

PRODUCT OVERVIEW

The Cisco ONS 15454 MSPP 4x 2.5-Gbps Muxponder card can transport four OC-48/STM-16 payloads over an OC-192/STM-64-based, 100-GHz spaced, 50-GHz stabilized, ITU-compliant wavelength with provisionable digital wrapper (G.709) with selectable Forward Error Correction (FEC). The muxponder card is a plug-in module to the Cisco ONS 15454 MSPP, enabling a high-density, cost-effective solution for OC-48/STM-16 services transport over a platform capable of low-rate services down to 1.5 Mbps. The muxponder card architecture contains four client interfaces that are mapped to a single line interface, without accessing the Cisco ONS 15454 shelf cross-connect fabric.
Each client interface provides a 2.488-Mbps (OC-48/STM-16) SONET/SDH interface via a Small Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP) optics module with LC connectors, providing the flexibility to support several optical reaches, including short-reach/intraoffice, intermediate-reach/short-haul, and long-reach/long-haul, with support for qualified DWDM and DWDM SFP modules. The muxponder card supports any mixture of SFP reach types and also supports in-service insertion or removal without affecting other active ports, allowing ultimate networking flexibility and reduced preplanning activities.
The DWDM line interface provides one 9.95328-Gbps (OC-192/STM-64) or 10.70923-Gbps (OC-192/STM-64 with G.709 digital wrapper enabled), long-reach/long-haul, ITU-compliant, 100-GHz spaced optical interface using LC connectors supporting OC-48/STM-64 interfaces. The DWDM output line interface is tunable across two adjacent 100-GHz wavelengths, reducing inventories for spares. Using amplification and dispersion compensation, the muxponder card is capable of a 300-kilometer (km) reach. When operated within the outlined specifications, each card will transport the 10-Gbps signal with a maximum bit error rate (BER) of 10E-15.
The muxponder card incorporates the four clients and one DWDM line interface on the same card. The muxponder cards are deployable in the 12 multiservice interface card slots of the Cisco ONS 15454 platform, in systems with or without cross-connect cards. The addition of a cross-connect card allows the platform to support hybrid applications, containing transparent 2.5-Gbps services as well as aggregation of the other services supported by the Cisco ONS 15454 platform. The only other common card required for operation is the timing, communications, and control (TCC) card.
The muxponder card provides many carrier-class features and capabilities necessary to deliver 2.5-Gbps services, including selectable protocol transparency, wavelength tunability, flexible protection mechanisms, flexible timing options, and management capabilities.

Selectable Protocol Transparency

The muxponder card provides the capability to deliver "transparent" 2.5-Gbps wavelength services, OC-48/STM-16 terminated signals, and a high-density solution for cost-effective, point-to-point SONET/SDH payload transport for the Cisco ONS 15454 platform. The card is provisionable to either pass most of the SONET/SDH overhead bytes transparently or to terminate the line and section overhead. In transparent mode, client terminal equipment interconnected over a muxponder-card-based circuit can communicate over the section/multiplexer section data communications channel (SDCC/MSDCC), can signal 1+1 and bidirectional line switched ring/multiplex section shared protection ring (BLSR/MS-SPR) protection switching using the K1 and K2 bytes, and can support provisionable section trace capabilities over the J0 byte. In addition, the muxponder circuit, whether provisioned in transparent or terminating mode, can support unidirectional-path switched ring/subnetwork connection protection (UPSR/SNCP)-based client circuits.
The client and DWDM line interfaces can support nonconcatenated SONET/SDH payloads on an STS-1, VC-4, VC-12, and VT1.5 basis as well as concatenated SONET/SDH payloads (STS-Nc, N= 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, or 48; or VC-4-Mc, M= 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, or 16).

Wavelength Tunability

The muxponder cards operate on the 100-GHz ITU grid and are tunable across two adjacent 100-GHz channels per card. The incorporation of tunability into the muxponder cards reduces the customer's inventory required to cover all the system wavelengths.

Flexible Protection Mechanism Support

The muxponder card, depending upon the requirement of the network, can be deployed to support the many protection mechanisms found in optical transport networks. Table 1 outlines the protection options supported enabling the user to deliver the service-level agreements (SLAs) required by the application.

Table 1. Protection Formats

Protection Type

Capabilities

Figure

Unprotected

Offers no client terminal interface, muxponder card, or DWDM line protection. The client signal is transported over a single unprotected muxponder card.

Figure 2

1+1 protected

Provides protection for the client terminal interface, muxponder card, and DWDM line protection through client automatic protection switching/linear multiplex section protection (APS/LMSP) signaling transported transparently over the muxponder card.

Figure 3

UPSR/SNCP and
BLSR/MSP-SPR

Similar to unprotected format. Protection is provided through client line or path protection via transparent signal transport through muxponder circuit.

Figure 4

Y-cable protection

Provides muxponder card and DWDM line protection without requiring client terminal equipment-interface protection. Uses Y-protection device to optically split a single client interface to two muxponder cards. The Cisco ONS 15454 system controls the muxponder card active/standby status to provide a single signal feed to client equipment.

Figure 5

 

Figure 2

Unprotected

 

 

Figure 3

1+1 Protection

 

 

Figure 4

UPSR/SNCP and BLSR/MSP-SPR Protection

 

 

Figure 5

Y-Cable Configuration

 

 

Flexible Timing Options

The muxponder card times the client-side optical transmitter port from the DWDM line-interface received signal, while in the reverse direction, the DWDM line transmitter uses timing from the shelf processor. The Cisco ONS 15454 platform provides the option to recover timing signals for node-timing reference, with sync-status messaging support, from any of the four client optical interfaces or the DWDM line interface, in addition to the standard options of using an external clock derived from a Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock or another optical interface card on the Cisco ONS 15454 system.

Management

The Cisco ONS 15454 provides comprehensive management capabilities for operations, administration, monitoring, and provisioning (OAMP) accessed through the integrated Cisco transport controller-craft interface with support from the Cisco transport-manager element management system (EMS). The muxponder card incorporates provisionable digital-wrapper (G.709) functions, providing DWDM wavelength performance-management capabilities, especially for services being transported transparently across the network. Without the digital-wrapper function, a carrier transporting a service transparently would be unable to identify network impairments that may degrade the transported signal and exceed SLA requirements. The digital wrapper's general communication channel (GCC) enables a separate communications channel, versus the section DCC/regenerator section DCC (SDCC/RSDCC) in SONET/SDH signals, to be used by the platform when transparent signals are transported. This GCC allows the Cisco ONS 15454 to extend its advanced network autodiscovery capabilities to DWDM-based services. The integrated Cisco ONS 15454 craft manager and the Cisco transport manager EMS provide the user with OAMP access for the system.

Performance Monitoring

The performance-monitoring capabilities of the muxponder card provide support for both transparent and nontransparent signal transport. For SONET/SDH signals, standard performance monitoring, threshold-crossing conditions, and alarms are supported per Telcordia GR-474 and GR-2918, as well as ITU G.783 and ETS 300 417-1 standards. Each digital-wrapper channel is monitored per GR-253-CORE (SONET) and ITU-T G.738 and G.7710 (SDH). Optical parameters on the client and DWDM line-interfaces support include loss of signal, laser end of life, transmit optical power, and receive optical power. Calculation and accumulation of the performance-monitoring data is in 15-minute and 24-hour intervals.
The muxponder card incorporates faceplate-mounted LEDs to provide a quick visual check of the operational status at the card. An orange circle is printed on the faceplate, indicating the shelf slot in which the card can be installed.

APPLICATION DESCRIPTION

The muxponder card adds the capability to cost-effectively aggregate 2.5-Gbps services and transport them with or without overhead transparency. Figure 6 displays a typical service provider backbone-network application. The muxponder card on the Cisco ONS 15454 network allows Service Provider A to transport its interface traffic requirements, terminating the SONET/SDH overhead. For Service Providers B, C, and D, the muxponder card allows their traffic to be transparently transported over Service Provider A's network, facilitating end-to-end SDCC visibility for the transported services.

Figure 6

High-Density OC-48/STM-16 Transport

 

 

As well as transporting 2.5-Gbps service, the user can deliver a mixture of service types, from DS-1/E1 to 10-Gbps services using a common Cisco ONS 15454 transport platform, reducing system complexity, capital expenditures, and operational expenses related to technician training.

THE CISCO ADVANTAGE

The Cisco ONS 15454 4x 2.5-Gbps Muxponder card complements and extends the service capabilities of the Cisco ONS 15454 MSPP. The muxponder card allows users to take advantage of their existing fiber plant and installed base of Cisco ONS 15454 systems, while providing the required services, such as DS-1/E1, DS-3/E3, OC-n/STM-n, Ethernet, ATM, and video, over the same Cisco ONS 15454 platform. The muxponder solution improves the 2.5-Gbps service densities of the Cisco ONS 15454 while reducing the networking costs associated with the typical deployment option of an overlay metro DWDM platform to transport a mixture of services (Figures 7 and 8).

Figure 7

Today's DWDM Architectures

 

 

Figure 8

Cisco ONS 15454 Hybrid DWDM Architectures

 

 

The Cisco ONS 15454 optical transport solution offers significant advantages over traditional network elements offering 10-Gbps interfaces, including the following.

• Unprecedented Service Densities

The Cisco ONS 15454 platform supports up to 48 2.5-Gbps interfaces per node. When installed in a typical central-office bay frame, a bay can support up to 192 2.5-Gbps interfaces. These industry-leading densities are attainable due to the single-slot footprint of the muxponder interface card.

• Multiple Restoration Types

The Cisco ONS 15454 platform supports 2- or 4-fiber BLSR/MS-SPR, UPSR/SNCP, linear APS/MSP, and path-protected mesh networking (PPMN). This allows the service provider to deploy the platform in all areas of the transport networking applications, including the interoffice network, normally deployed using 2- or 4-fiber BLSR/MS-SPR restoration, as well as the collector or fiber to the building networks, normally using UPSR/SNCP restoration.

• Common Line Cards and Chassis

One software load supports all restoration types listed previously, eliminating unnecessary guesswork when ordering. All protection configurations are covered under a single right-to-use software license. After the software is purchased, all features and full functions are available to the user.

• Single Software Load

One software load supports all of the restoration types listed previously, eliminating unnecessary guesswork when ordering. No software right-to-use license is required for each protection type. After the software is purchased, all features with full capability are available to the user.

• Common Chassis

A common chassis supporting all optical interface speeds allows the technician to spend time deploying bandwidth and services instead of learning about multiple equipment platforms. Many equipment vendors offer optical line-speed specific platforms (OC-3/STM-1, OC-12/STM-4, DWDM, and so on) and categorize platforms by restoration mechanisms (UPSR/SNCP, 2F-BLSR/MS-SPR, and 4F-BLSR/MS-SPR). This not only causes ordering confusion, but brings into question whether the inventoried equipment will accommodate the capability required to support the desired application. The Cisco ONS 15454 platform's line-rate and restoration flexibility makes ordering and deploying simple, fast, and easy. With integrated DWDM capabilities, the need to deploy another metro-DWDM platform is reduced.

• Multiservice Interface Selection

DS-1/E1 through OC-192/STM-64, Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, and 10 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces are all supported. This eliminates the "missing interface" found with many vendors' bit rate-specific product offerings.
The Cisco ONS 15454, the industry's leading metro optical transport platform, delivers supercharged SONET/SDH transport, integrated optical networking, unprecedented multiservice interfaces, and competitive economic benefits.

 

CISCO ONS 15454 4X 2.5-GBPS MUXPONDER CARD FEATURES AND SPECIFICATIONS

Compact Design

• Single-width card slot design for high-density, 2.5-Gbps solutions

• Up to 12 muxponder cards per shelf assembly enables up to 192 2.5-Gbps interfaces per bay frame

Flexible Protection Options

• Transparent APS/LMSP, UPSR/SNCP, and BLSR/MSP-SPR

• Unprotected (0+1)

• Client Y-protection option

 

Table 2 lists the regulatory compliances of the Cisco ONS 15454 4x 2.5-Gbps Muxponder card.

Table 2. Regulatory Compliance1

Countries Supported

SONET/ANSI System
SDH/ETSI System
• Canada
• European Union
 
• United States
• Australia
 
• Mexico
• New Zealand
 
• Korea
• Singapore
 
• Japan
• China
 
• European Union
• Mexico
 

 

• Hong Kong
 

 

• Korea
 

EMC (Class A)

• ICES-003Issue 3, 1997
• EN 300 386-TC
• GR-1089-CORE, Level 3
• CISPR22, CISPR24
• 47CFR15
• EN55022, EN55024

Safety

• CAN/CSA-C22.2 No.950-95, Third Edition
• UL 60950
• GR-1089-CORE
• IEC 60950/EN60950, Third Edition

Laser

• UL 60950
• CDRH (Accession letter and report
• IEC60950/EN60950
• IEC 60825-1 Am.2 (2001)
• IEC 60825-2 (2000)

 

Environmental

• GR-63-CORE, Level 3
• ETS 300-019-2-2 (Transportation, Class 2.3)
• ETS 300-019-2-1 (Storage, Class 1.1)
• ETS 300-019-2-3 (Operational, Class 3.1E)

Optical

• GR-253-CORE
• G.709
• G.691
• G.975

Quality

• TR-NWT-000332, Issue 4, Method 1 calculation for 20-year mean time between failure (MTBF)

Miscellaneous

• AT&T Network Equipment Development Standards (NEDS) Generic Requirements, AT&T 802-900-260, Issue 3, December 1999
• Verizon SIT.NEBS.NPI.2002.010, October 2002
• SBC TP76200MP, May 2003
• Worldcom ESD requirement

1. All compliance documentation may not be completed at the time of product release. Please check with your Cisco sales representative for countries outside of Canada, the United States, and the European Union.

 

Tables 3 and 4 list the system requirements and the specifications for the Cisco ONS 15454 4x 2.5-Gbps Muxponder card.

Table 3. System Requirements

Component

Cisco ONS 15454 SONET/ANSI

Cisco ONS 15454 SDH/ETSI

Processor

TCC2 or TCC2P

TCC2 or TCC2P

Cross-connect

All (not required)

All (not required)

Shelf assembly

15454-SA-ANSI or 15454-SA-HD shelf assembly with FTA3 version fan-tray assembly

15454-SA-ETSI shelf assembly with SDH 48V fan-tray assembly

System software

Release 4.6.0 or later

Release 4.6.0 or later

Slot compatibility

1 to 6, 12 to 17

1 to 6, 12 to 17

 

Table 4. Specifications

Specification

Short Reach/Intra-Office

Intermediate Reach/Short Haul

Client Interfaces (SFP)

Type

SFP

SFP

Specification

Telcordia GR-253-Core
ITU

 

GR-253-Core SR-1

I-16.1

 

GR-253-Core IR-1

S-16.1

Automatic laser shutdown and restart

ITU-T G.664 (06/99)

ITU-T G.664 (06/99)

Targeted fiber distance, unamplified, SMF282 (FDsmf28)

2 km

15 km

Wavelength, nominal (lTnom)

1310 nm

1310 nm

Spectral range (lTmin to lTmax)

1266 to 1360

1260 to 1360 nm

Spectral width at 20 dB (Dl20)

4 nm

1 nm

Optical transmitter
Type

Fabry-Perot

Distributed Feedback /Direct Modulation

Output power (P Tmin to P Tmax)

-10 to -3

-5 to 0 dBm

Required optical return loss, minimum

24 dB

24 dB

Extinction ratio, minimum (r eminx)

8.2 dB

8.2 dB

Laser safety class

1

1

Optical receiver

Type

PIN

PIN

Sensitivity at BER (P Rmin to P Rmax)

-18 to -3 dBm

-18 to 0 dBm

Chromatic dispersion tolerance (D SRmax)

12 ps/nm

-

Power penalty (P O)

1

1

BER, maximum (BER min)

10E-12

10E-12

Reflectance between Tx (S) and Rx (R) (maximum)

-27 dB

-27 dB

Receiver reflectance (maximum)

-27 dB

-27 dB

Optical signal to noise ratio (0.5-nm bandwidth at 10E-12 BER)

30 dB

30 dB (unamplified link)

Input wavelength bandwidth ( l c_rx)

1266 to 1360 nm

1260 to 1360 nm

Connector type (Tx/Rx)

LC

LC

2. Fiber distance of <FDsmf28>km in SMF28 of equivalent <SRolb>dB optical link budget. Assumes D1550 = 17 ps/nm/km, D1310 = 3.3 ps/nm/km; fiber+splice+connector loss at 1550 nm = 0.275 dB/km and 1310 nm = 0.55dB/km; including <Po> dB dispersion penalty at <DLRmax>ps.

 

Specification

DWDM Line Interface

DWDM Line Interface

Specification

Telcordia GR-253-Core
ITU
 

GR-253-Core LR-2

L-64.2c

Automatic laser shutdown and restart

ITU-T G.664 (06/99)

Nominal wavelength (lTnom)

Two-channel tunable (Table 4)

Spectral range (lTmin to lTmax)

1530 to 1561 nm

Spectral width at 20dB (Dl20)

+/-0.025 nm

Optical transmitter
Type

Continuous wave lithium niobate external modulator

Output power (P Tmin to P Tmax)

-16 to +3 dBm (software adjustable)

Required optical return loss, minimum (ORL min)

24 dB

Extinction ratio, minimum (r eminx)

>10 dBm

Laser safety class

1

Optical receiver
Type

Avalanche photo diode

Sensitivity, FEC off (P Rmin to P Rmax)
Optical signal-to-noise ration (OSNR) < 23 dB
OSNR < 23 dB at +/-1000 ps/nm
Sensitivity, FEC on (P Rmin to P Rmax)
OSNR < 23 dB, unamplified
OSNR < 23 dB at +/-1000 ps/nm
Note: OSNR defined at 0.5-nm bandwidth

 

-21 to -8 dBm

-19 to -9 dBm

 

-24 to -8 dBm

-22 to -8 dBm

Chromatic dispersion tolerance (D LRmax)

Up to +/-1000 ps/nm (2-dB penalty)

Minimum BER (BER min)
FEC off
FEC on

 

10E-12

10E-15

Reflectance between far-end Tx and near-end Rx (maximum)

-27 dB

Receiver reflectance (maximum)

-14 dB

Input wavelength bandwidth ( l c_rx)

1530 to 1565 nm

Connector type (Tx/Rx)

LC, duplex (shuttered)

 

Specification

Management

Card LEDs

Failure (FAIL)
Active/standby (ACT/STBY)
Signal fail (SF)

Client port LEDS (per port)

Active input signal

DWDM port LEDs

Active input signal
Output wavelength

 

Red

Green/yellow

Yellow

 

Green

 

Green

Green

Power

Card power draw (including SFPs)

Typical
Maximum

 

45W

50W

Operating Environment

Temperature

23 to 131°F (-5 to 55°C)

Humidity

5 to 95 percent noncondensing

Storage Environment

Temperature

-40 to 185°F (-40 to 85°C)

Humidity

5 to 95 percent noncondensing

 

Lists the wavelength channel plan for muxponder cards

Table 5. Wavelength Channel Plan3

Card (xx.x)

l (nm)

 

Card (xx.x)

l (nm)

 

Card (xx.x)

l (nm)

 

Card (xx.x)

l (nm)

30.3

1530.33

1531.12

38.1

1538.19

1538.98

46.1

1546.12

1546.92

54.1

1554.13

1554.94

 

31.9

1531.90

1532.68

 

39.7

1539.77

1540.56

 

47.7

1547.72

1548.51

 

55.7

1555.75

1556.55

 

34.2

1534.25

1535.04

 

42.1

1542.14

1542.94

 

50.1

1550.12

1550.92

 

58.1

1558.17

1558.98

 

35.8

1535.82

1536.61

 

43.7

1543.73

1544.53

 

51.7

1551.72

1552.52

 

59.7

1559.79

1560.61

3. Lead times on wavelength-based optical modules vary substantially. For assistance with wavelength selection, please refer to Cisco price list or lead-time tool, available on Cisco.com at: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/ordering/index.shtml
 
Table 6 provides ordering information.

Table 6. Ordering Information4

Part Number

Description

15454-10M-L1-xx.x

4x OC-48 muxponder optics card; 4 client SFP optics module slots; long-reach, two-wavelength-tunable, OC-192 100-GHz ITU-compliant DWDM line optics with LC connector, SONET platform

15454E-10M-xx.x

4x STM-16 muxponder optics card; 4 SFP optics module client slots; long-haul, two-wavelength-tunable, 100-GHz ITU-compliant DWDM line optics with LC connector; SDH platform

ONS-SE-2G-S1=

OC-48/STM-16 SFP optics module, short-reach/intraoffice, 1310-nm, single-mode, LC connectors

15454-SFP-OC48-IR

15454-SFP-L.16.1

OC-48/STM-1 SFP optics module, intermediate-reach/short-haul, 1310-nm, single-mode, LC connectors

15216-CS-SM-Y=

Y-cable splitter/combiner module, single-mode, single-width module, installs in Cisco FlexLayer shelf assembly (15216-FL-SA)

15216-CS-MM-Y=

Y-cable splitter/combiner module, multimode, single-width module, installs in Cisco FlexLayer shelf assembly (15216-FL-SA)

15216-FL-SA=

Shelf assembly, 4 module slots, 1 rack-unit high, 19- or 23-inch rack mounting, Cisco FlexLayer platform

4. The letter "E" in the part number (for example, 15454E-) indicates SDH/ETSI system compatibility.

 

Text Box:  Corporate HeadquartersCisco Systems, Inc.170 West Tasman DriveSan Jose, CA 95134-1706USAwww.cisco.comTel: 	408 526-4000	800 553-NETS (6387)Fax:	408 526-4100	European HeadquartersCisco Systems International BVHaarlerbergparkHaarlerbergweg 13-191101 CH AmsterdamThe Netherlandswww-europe.cisco.comTel:	31 0 20 357 1000Fax:	31 0 20 357 1100	Americas HeadquartersCisco Systems, Inc.170 West Tasman DriveSan Jose, CA 95134-1706USAwww.cisco.comTel:	408 526-7660Fax:	408 527-0883	Asia Pacific HeadquartersCisco Systems, Inc.168 Robinson Road#28-01 Capital Tower Singapore 068912www.cisco.comTel: 	+65 6317 7777Fax: 	+65 6317 7799Cisco Systems has more than 200 offices in the following countries and regions. Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers are listed on the Cisco Website at www.cisco.com/go/offices.Argentina · Australia · Austria · Belgium · Brazil · Bulgaria · Canada · Chile · China PRC · Colombia · Costa RicaCroatia · Cyprus · Czech Republic · Denmark · Dubai, UAE · Finland · France · Germany · Greece · Hong Kong SARHungary · India · Indonesia · Ireland · Israel · Italy · Japan · Korea · Luxembourg · Malaysia · MexicoThe Netherlands · New Zealand · Norway · Peru · Philippines · Poland · Portugal · Puerto Rico · Romania · RussiaSaudi Arabia · Scotland · Singapore · Slovakia · Slovenia · South Africa · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · TaiwanThailand · Turkey · Ukraine · United Kingdom · United States · Venezuela · Vietnam · ZimbabweCopyright  2004 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco, Cisco Systems, and the Cisco Systems logo are registered trademarks or trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and certain other countries.All other trademarks mentioned in this document or Website are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (0406R)	 Hu/LW6605 09/04Printed in USA Text Box:  Corporate HeadquartersCisco Systems, Inc.170 West Tasman DriveSan Jose, CA 95134-1706USAwww.cisco.comTel: 	408 526-4000	800 553-NETS (6387)Fax:	408 526-4100	European HeadquartersCisco Systems International BVHaarlerbergparkHaarlerbergweg 13-191101 CH AmsterdamThe Netherlandswww-europe.cisco.comTel:	31 0 20 357 1000Fax:	31 0 20 357 1100	Americas HeadquartersCisco Systems, Inc.170 West Tasman DriveSan Jose, CA 95134-1706USAwww.cisco.comTel:	408 526-7660Fax:	408 527-0883	Asia Pacific HeadquartersCisco Systems, Inc.168 Robinson Road#28-01 Capital Tower Singapore 068912www.cisco.comTel: 	+65 6317 7777Fax: 	+65 6317 7799Cisco Systems has more than 200 offices in the following countries and regions. Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers are listed on the Cisco Website at www.cisco.com/go/offices.Argentina · Australia · Austria · Belgium · Brazil · Bulgaria · Canada · Chile · China PRC · Colombia · Costa RicaCroatia · Cyprus · Czech Republic · Denmark · Dubai, UAE · Finland · France · Germany · Greece · Hong Kong SARHungary · India · Indonesia · Ireland · Israel · Italy · Japan · Korea · Luxembourg · Malaysia · MexicoThe Netherlands · New Zealand · Norway · Peru · Philippines · Poland · Portugal · Puerto Rico · Romania · RussiaSaudi Arabia · Scotland · Singapore · Slovakia · Slovenia · South Africa · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · TaiwanThailand · Turkey · Ukraine · United Kingdom · United States · Venezuela · Vietnam · ZimbabweCopyright  2004 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco, Cisco Systems, and the Cisco Systems logo are registered trademarks or trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and certain other countries.All other trademarks mentioned in this document or Website are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (0406R)	 Hu/LW6605 09/04Printed in USA