Installation and Setup Guide for Cisco Secure ACS Appliance
Windows Service Advisement

Table Of Contents

Windows Service Advisement

Services that are Run

Services that Are Not Run


Windows Service Advisement


The operating system for the Cisco Secure ACS Appliance v3.2 is a customized and minimized version of the Windows 2000 operating system. The Cisco Secure ACS Appliance removes all extraneous services, blocks all unused ports, and otherwise prevents all other access to the Cisco Secure ACS server system, thereby dramatically increasing the security posture of Cisco Secure ACS.

The following sections present details regarding the minimization of the operating system's services:

Services that are Run

Services that Are Not Run

Services that are Run

Table B-1 lists the services that are run on the Cisco Secure ACS Appliance.

Table B-1 Operating System Services Automatically Run by Cisco Secure ACS Appliance 

Service Name
Description

COM+ Event System

Provides automatic distribution of events to subscribing COM components.

DHCP Client

Manages network configuration by registering and updating IP addresses and DNS names.

DNS Client

Resolves and caches Domain Name System (DNS) names.

Event Log

Logs event messages issued by programs and Windows. Event Log reports contain information that can be useful in diagnosing problems. Reports are viewed in Event Viewer.

IPSEC Policy Agent

Manages IP security policy and starts the ISAKMP/Oakley (IKE) and the IP security driver.

License Logging Service

Tracks Client Access License usage for a server product.

Logical Disk Manager

Performs the Logical Disk Manager Watchdog Service.

Network Connections

Manages objects in the Network and Dial-Up Connections folder, in which you can view both local area network and remote connections.

Plug and Play

Manages device installation and configuration and notifies programs of device changes.

Protected Storage

Provides protected storage for sensitive data, such as private keys, to prevent access by unauthorized services, processes, or users.

Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

Provides the endpoint mapper and other miscellaneous RPC services.

Removable Storage

Manages removable media, drives, and libraries.

RunAs Service

Enables starting processes under alternate credentials.

Security Accounts Manager

Stores security information for local user accounts.

Server

Provides RPC support and file, print, and named pipe sharing.

System Event Notification

Tracks system events such as Windows logon, network, and power events. Notifies COM+ Event System subscribers of these events.

Telnet

Allows a remote user to log on to the system and run console programs using the command line.

Windows Management Instrumentation

Provides system management information.

Windows Management Instrumentation Driver Extensions

Provides systems management information to and from drivers.


Services that Are Not Run

Table B-2 lists the operating system services that are not run on the Cisco Secure ACS Appliance.

Table B-2 Disabled Operating System Services in Cisco Secure ACS Appliance 

Service Name
Description

Alerter

Notifies selected users and computers of administrative alerts.

Application Management

Provides software installation services such as Assign, Publish, and Remove.

Automatic Updates

Enables the download and installation of critical Windows updates. If the service is disabled, the operating system can be manually updated at the Windows Update Web site.

Background Intelligent Transfer Service

Transfers files in the background using idle network bandwidth. If the service is stopped, features such as Windows Update, and MSN Explorer will be unable to automatically download programs and other information. If this service is disabled, any services

ClipBook

Supports ClipBook Viewer, which allows pages to be seen by remote ClipBooks.

Computer Browser

Maintains an up-to-date list of computers on your network and supplies the list to programs that request it.

Distributed File System

Manages logical volumes distributed across a local or wide area network.

Distributed Link Tracking Client

Sends notifications of files moving between NTFS volumes in a network domain.

Distributed Link Tracking Server

Stores information so that files moved between volumes can be tracked for each volume in the domain.

Distributed Transaction Coordinator

Coordinates transactions that are distributed across two or more databases, message queues, file systems, or other transaction protected resource managers.

Fax Service

Helps you send and receive faxes.

File Replication

Maintains file synchronization of file directory contents among multiple servers.

Indexing Service

Indexes contents and properties of files on local and remote computers; provides rapid access to files through flexible querying language.

Internet Connection Sharing

Provides network address translation, addressing, and name resolution services for all computers on your home network through a dial-up connection.

Intersite Messaging

Allows sending and receiving messages between Windows Advanced Server sites.

Kerberos Key Distribution Center

Generates session keys and grants service tickets for mutual client/server authentication.

Logical Disk Manager Administrative Service

Performs administrative service for disk management requests.

Messenger

Sends and receives messages transmitted by administrators or by the Alerter service.

Net Logon

Supports pass-through authentication of account logon events for computers in a domain.

NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing

Allows authorized people to remotely access your Windows desktop using NetMeeting.

Network DDE

Provides network transport and security for dynamic data exchange (DDE).

Network DDE DSDM

Manages shared dynamic data exchange and is used by Network DDE

NT LM Security Support Provider

Provides security to remote procedure call (RPC) programs that use transports other than named pipes.

Performance Logs and Alerts

Configures performance logs and alerts.

Print Spooler

Loads files to memory for later printing.

QoS RSVP

Provides network signaling and local traffic control setup functionality for QoS-aware programs and control applets.

Remote Access Auto Connection Manager

Creates a connection to a remote network whenever a program references a remote DNS or NetBIOS name or address.

Remote Access Connection Manager

Creates a network connection.

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator

Manages the RPC name service database.

Remote Registry Service

Allows remote Registry manipulation.

Routing and Remote Access

Offers routing services to businesses in local area and wide area network environments.

Smart Card

Manages and controls access to a smart card inserted into a smart card reader attached to the computer.

Smart Card Helper

Provides support for legacy smart card readers attached to the computer.

Task Scheduler

Enables a program to run at a designated time.

TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper Service

Enables support for NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) service and NetBIOS name resolution.

Telephony API (TAPI)

Provides Telephony API (TAPI) support for programs that control telephony devices and IP-based voice connections on the local computer and, through the LAN, on servers that are also running the service.

Terminal Services

Provides a multi-session environment that allows client devices to access a virtual Windows 2000 Professional desktop session and Windows-based programs running on the server.

Uninterruptible Power Supply

Manages an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) connected to the computer.

Utility Manager

Starts and configures accessibility tools from one window

WMDM PMSP Service

Workstation

Provides network connections and communications.

Windows Installer

Installs, repairs and removes software according to instructions contained in .MSI files.

Windows Time

Sets the computer clock.