Information About the System
The Cisco VSG provides firewall functionality for the VMs that have vEths with port profiles created by the Virtual Supervisor Module (VSM). To allow the Cisco VSG to function properly, the Cisco VSG should have registered with a Cisco Prime Network Services Controller (Prime NSC) and the Cisco VSG state should be alive on the Cisco VSM.
The example shows how to display information about the system:
VSG software version: 5.2(1)VSG2(1.2b) build [5.2(1)VSG2(1.2b)]
NSC PA version: 2.1(1e)-vsg
NSC Policy-Agent status is - Installed Successfully. Version 2.1(1e)-vsg
Make sure that cisco VSG is alive by entering the show vservice node detail command as follows:
vsm# show vservice node detail
Node ID:1 Name:VSG-Node-L3
Type:vsg IPAddr:22.214.171.124 Fail:close L3
For more information, see the following documents for your release number:
Troubleshooting the Cisco VSG in Layer 3 Mode
This section includes the following topics:
Cisco VSG with a VN Service Virtual Network Adapter in Layer 3 Mode
When encapsulated traffic that is destined to a Cisco VSG is connected to a different subnet other than the virtual network adapter subnet, the VEM does not use the Microsoft Hyper-V host routing table. Instead, the virtual network adapter initiates the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) for the remote Cisco VSG IP addresses.
You must configure the upstream router to respond by using the proxy ARP feature. If the proxy ARP feature is not configured on the upstream router, ARP fails and the show vservice node brief indicates that the service node state is down.
To resolve this issue configure the proxy ARP feature on the router as follows:
sg-cat3k-L14-qa(config)# int vlan 3756
sg-cat3k-L14-qa(config-if)# ip proxy-arp
sg-cat3k-L14-qa# sh ip int vlan 3756 | inc Proxy
Local Proxy ARP is disabled
Cisco VSGs with Multiple l3-vservice Virtual Network Adapters in Layer 3 Mode
The data path traffic and the ARP packets for the Cisco VSGs in Layer 3 mode can use any virtual network adapter that is configured on the VEM host for packet forwarding to the Cisco VSG when you enter the capability l3-vservice command.
Therefore, all virtual network adapters that are on a VEM host must be able to reach all Cisco VSGs in Layer 3 mode.
If a router is between the virtual network adapters and the Cisco VSGs, all virtual network adapters must have an interface in the router network (VLAN), and all the Cisco VSGs in the Layer 3 mode must have an interface in the router network (VLAN) to ensure that each virtual network adapter has a route to each Cisco VSG.
To resolve this issue, ensure that all l3-vservice virtual network adapters can reach all the Cisco VSGs in Layer 3 mode that are used by the VEM host.
Note You must enable Proxy ARP on all the interfaces of the router that is alongside the virtual network adapters.
Traffic with Large Payloads Fails: ICMP Too Big Message Does Not Reach the Client with the Cisco VSG in Layer 3 Mode
If a router lies between the virtual network adapter and the Cisco VSG device in Layer 3 mode, and the router receives a packet that it cannot forward due to a large packet size, the router generates an ICMP Too Big message for the virtual network adapter. The virtual network adapter cannot forward the ICMP Too Big message of the router to the client and the virtual network adapter drops the message. The client never receives the ICMP Too Big message and cannot refragment the packet for successful end-to-end traffic and the end-to-end traffic fails. This problem is typically seen if the router interface to the VEM is set at a higher maximum transmission unit (MTU) than the router interface to the Cisco VSG. For example, the router interface to the VEM has an MTU of 1600 and the interface to the Cisco VSG has an MTU of 1500.
This problem can be seen as an increase in the ICMP Too Big Rcvd counter in the show vservice statistics command.
To resolve this issue, configure an oversized MTU (for example, 1600) on both of the router interfaces.
End-to-End Traffic with the Cisco VSG in Layer 3 Mode Fails
When the VEM communicates with the Cisco VSG in Layer 3 mode, an additional header with 82 bytes is added to the original packet. The VEM does not support fragmentation in Layer 3 mode and the ports or network elements (which carry a vPath encapsulated packet) must be configured in such a way that the vPath overhead is accommodated.
If end-to-end traffic fails in Cisco VSG Layer 3 mode, set the uplink MTU to 1582 bytes to accommodate the additional overhead. This solution assumes that the client and server VM MTUs are at the default of 1500 bytes.
End-to-End Traffic with the Cisco VSG in Layer 3 Mode and Jumbo Frames Fails
Traffic with the Layer 3 encapsulation fails even with the uplink MTU set to 9000 bytes.
VSG on Microsoft Hyper-V does not support jumbo frames.
TCP State Checks
By default, TCP state checks are disabled in vPath for the traffic protected by the Cisco VSG. Sometimes, you might see delays in the TCP traffic. You can enable TCP state checks to diagnose the issue.
Check the following counters at the VSM in the show vservice statistics output:
vsm# show vservice statistics | grep "TCP chkfail"
TCP chkfail InvalACK 0 TCP chkfail SeqPstWnd 0
TCP chkfail WndVari 0
This example shows how to enable the TCP state checks on a VSM:
VSM(config)# vservice global type vsg
VSM(config-vsn)# tcp state-checks
Connection Limit in the Cisco VSG
The Cisco VSG can have up to 256,000 active connections at any given point of time. If for some reason new connections slow down or connections see too many failures, you can check the Cisco VSG for any connection limits that it experiences. If the VEM-to-Cisco VSG connection is not smooth or have some issues that indicates that the Cisco VSG might have missed a few updates from vPath which results in an accumulation of large active connections in its flow table.
This example shows how to check the active connection count on the Cisco VSG:
vsg# show service-path statistics | inc "Active Connections"
Active Flows 48 Active Connections 24