Release notes are sometimes updated with new information about restrictions and caveats. See the following website for the most recent version of the Cisco NX-OS Release 11.0(2j) Release Notes for Cisco Nexus 9000 Series ACI-Mode Switches:
The Cisco Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI) is an architecture that allows the application to define the networking requirements in a programmatic way. This architecture simplifies, optimizes, and accelerates the entire application deployment life cycle.
Simplified automation with an application-driven policy model
Common platform for managing physical, virtual, and cloud-based environments
Centralized visibility with real-time, application health monitoring
Operational simplicity, with common policy, management, and operation models across application, network, and security resources
Open software flexibility for DevOps teams and ecosystem partner integration
Scalable performance and secure multi-tenancy
ACI Fabric and Switches
A clustered replicated APIC appliance manages the ACI fabric. Cisco Nexus 9000 Series switches can run with the ACI-compatible software to run in the leaf/spine fabric mode. These switches form a “fat-tree” network by connecting each leaf node to each spine node; all other devices connect to the leaf nodes.
Cisco Nexus 9000 Series ACI-Mode
Cisco NX-OS Software for the Cisco Nexus 9000 Series is a data center, purpose-built, operating system designed with performance, resiliency, scalability, manageability, and programmability at its foundation. It provides a robust and comprehensive feature set that meets the requirements of virtualization and automation in data centers
Cisco NX-OS Release 11.0 works only on Cisco Nexus 9000 Series switches in ACI Mode.
See Table 2 for a list of modules that are supported on Cisco Nexus 9000 Series switches in ACI Mode.
The Cisco Nexus 9000 Series switches have the following features:
Predictable high performance
Nonblocking, high-density 1 and 10 Gigabit Ethernet configuration
Nonblocking, high-density 10 and 40 Gigabit Ethernet configuration
Highly available, scalable, and robust solution
Chassis designed for 2 to 3 future generations of line cards
64 IPs per MAC
Table 2 lists the hardware that the Cisco Nexus 9000 Series ACI Mode switches support.
Table 2 Supported Hardware
Cisco Nexus 9504 chassis with four slots
Cisco Nexus 9508 chassis with 8 slots
Cisco Nexus 9500 3000W AC power supply, port side intake
Cisco Nexus 9300 96-port, 1-/10-Gbps BASE-T and 6-port or 8-port, 40 Gigabit Ethernet QSFP switch
Top-of-rack (ToR) leaf switch
Cisco Nexus 9300 48-port, 1/10 Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ and 6-port or 12-port, 40 Gigabit Ethernet QSFP switch
Top-of-rack (ToR) leaf switch
Cisco Nexus 9300 48-port, 1/10 Gbps Base-T and 6-port or 12-port, 40 Gigabit Ethernet QSFP switch
Supported FEX Models
Table 3 lists the FEX models that the Cisco Nexus 9000 Series ACI Mode switches support. For more information on the FEX models, see Cisco Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extenders Data Sheet.
Note FEX requires software version 5.x or later to be brought up successfully.
Table 3 Supported FEX Models
Cisco Nexus 2248PQ 10GE Fabric Extender, 2PS, 4 Fan Module, 48x1/10GE (req SFP/SFP+) + 4x40G QSFP+(req QSFP+), choice of airflow and power supply
Cisco Nexus 2248TP-E Series 1GE Fabric Extender, 2PS, 1 Fan Module, 48x100/1000Base-T + 4x10GE (req SFP+), 32MB buffer, choice of airflow and power supply
Cisco Nexus 2248TP Series 1GE Fabric Extender, 2 AC PS, 1 Fan Module (Standard Airflow/port side exhaust), 48x100/1000Base-T + 4x10GE (req SFP+), same as N2K-C2248TP
Cisco Nexus 2232PP Series 10GE Fabric Extender, 2 AC PS, 1 Fan Module (Standard Airflow/port side exhaust), 32x1/10GE (req SFP/SFP+) + 8x10GE (req SFP+), same as N2K-C2232PP
Cisco Nexus 2232TM-E Series 10GBASE-T Fabric Extender, 2PS, 1 Fan Module, 32x1/10GBase-T + 8x10GE Module (req SFP+), choice of airflow and power supply
For installation instructions, see the Cisco ACI Fabric Hardware Installation Guide.
When upgrading from Release 1.0(1x) to Release 1.0(2x), you must upgrade the switch software image for all the spine and leaf switches in the fabric first. After that upgrade is successfully completed, upgrade the APIC controller software image.
However, if you are upgrading within the Release 1.0(1x) software sequence or within the Release 1.0(2x) software sequence, you must first upgrade the APIC controller software image. And then, after that is successfully completed, upgrade all the switches in the fabric.
– UDP DestPort 161: SNMP. These cannot be blocked through contracts. Creating an SNMP ClientGroup with a list of Client-IP Addresses restricts SNMP access to only those configured Client-IP Addresses. If no Client-IP address is configured, SNMP packets are allowed from anywhere.
– TCP SrcPort 179: BGP
– TCP DstPort 179: BGP
– UDP DstPort 67: BOOTP/DHCP
– UDP DstPort 68: BOOTP/DHCP
– UDP SrcPort 53: DNS replies
– TCP SrcPort 25: SMTP replies
– TCP DstPort 443: HTTPS
– UDP SrcPort 123: NTP
– UDP DstPort 123: NTP
Note The APIC 1.0(1n) release is the earliest version supported for downgrading from a 1.0(2x) release. When downgrading from 1.0(2x) to 1.0(1n), first downgrade the switch software image for all the spine and leaf switches in the fabric. After that downgrade is successfully completed, downgrade the APIC controller software image.
In case of multiple QoS Custom Policies (QoSCustomPol) or multiple operations on an existing QoS Custom Policy, the DSCP and Dot1p rules do not get configured correctly on ToRs.
The ToR's object store may or may not show an error.
Once the programming fails for DSCP/Dot1p Rules, further DSCP/DoT1p programming on ToR is not possible. It will also affect the contract configuration of new l3extOut/l2extOut (external networks) that requires DSCP remarking.
When an IP moves from one MAC behind one ToR to another MAC behind another ToR, even though the VM sends a GARP packet, in ARP unicast mode, this GARP packet is not flooded. As a result, any other host with the original MAC to IP binding sending an L2 packet will send to the original ToR where the IP was in the beginning (based on MAC lookup), and the packet will be sent out on the old port (location). Without flooding the GARP packet in the network, all hosts will not update the MAC-to-IP binding.
When modifying the L2Unknown Unicast parameter on a Bridge Domain (BD), interfaces on externally connected devices may bounce. Additionally, the endpoint cache for the BD is flushed and all endpoints will have to be re-learned.
If an endpoint has multiple IPs, the endpoint will not be aged until all IPs go silent. If one of the IPs is reassigned to another server/host, fabric detects it as an IP move and forwarding will work as expected.
PSU not getting detected after OIR with Power input connected.
The Cisco Nexus 9508 ACI-mode switch supports warm (stateless) standby where the state is not synched between the active and the standby supervisor modules. For an online insertion and removal (OIR) or reload of the active supervisor module, the standby supervisor module becomes active, but all modules in the switch are reset because the switchover is stateless. In the output of the show system redundancy status command, warm standby indicates stateless mode.
When a recommissioned APIC controller rejoins the cluster, GUI and CLI commands can time out while the cluster expands to include the recommissioned APIC controller.
If connectivity to the APIC cluster is lost while a switch is being decommissioned, the decommissioned switch may not complete a clean reboot. In this case, the fabric administrator should manually complete a clean reboot of the decommissioned switch.
Before expanding the APIC cluster with a recommissioned controller, remove any decommissioned switches from the fabric by powering down and disconnecting them. Doing so will ensure that the recommissioned APIC controller will not attempt to discover and recommission the switch.
IGMP Snooping Known Behaviors:
Multicast router functionality is not supported when IGMP queries are received with VxLAN encapsulation.
IGMP Querier election across multiple Endpoint Groups (EPGs) or Layer 2 outsides (External Bridged Network) in a given Bridge Domain (BD) is not supported. Only one EPG or Layer 2 outside for a given BD should be extended to multiple multicast routers if any.
The rate of the number of IGMP reports sent to a leaf switch should be limited to 1000 reports per second.
Unknown IP multicast packets are flooded on ingress leaf switches and border leaf switches, unless “unknown multicast flooding” is set to “Optimized Flood” in a BD. This knob can be set to “Optimized Flood” only for a maximum of 50 BDs per leaf.
If “Optimized Flood” is enabled for more than the supported number of BDs on a leaf, follow these configuration steps to recover:
– Set “unknown multicast flooding” to “Flood” for all BDs mapped to a leaf.
– Set “unknown multicast flooding” to “Optimized Flood” on needed BDs.
This section lists the product documentation for the Cisco ACI.
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