Cisco customers have stated that the Health Insurance Portability and Accounting Act (HIPAA) is vague, and they are not sure how it directly applies to their enterprise networks. Many do not understand how HIPAA relates to technology and infrastructure. They have asked Cisco to provide guidance that shows this relationship. This Cisco Compliance Solution for HIPAA Security Rule provides a reference architecture designed to help covered entities and business associates simplify compliance with the HIPAA Security Rule. The guidance in this document maps architectures and products to the HIPAA Security Rule technical safeguards, standards, and implementation specifications. Compliance with the HIPAA Security Rule was assessed by an external auditor, Verizon Global Services Group.