Fragments - The Internet Protocol Journal, Volume 15, No. 4

Internet Society Disappointed over Fundamental Divides at WCIT-12

On December 14, 2012, The Internet Society released the following statement from President and CEO Lynn St. Amour:

"The Internet Society, like other participants at the World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT), came to this conference looking for a successful outcome. We were hopeful that it would result in a treaty that would enable growth, further innovation, and advance interoperability in international telecommunications. It was extremely important that this treaty not extend to content, or implicitly or explicitly undermine the principles that have made the Internet so beneficial.

While progress was made in some areas such as transparency in international roaming fees, fundamental divides were exposed leaving a significant number of countries unable to sign the International Telecommunication Regulations (ITRs). Statements made by a host of delegations today made it very clear that Internet issues did not belong in the ITRs and that they would not support a treaty that is inconsistent with the multi-stakeholder model of Internet Governance.

We are disappointed that the conference has not been successful in reaching consensus. The Internet Society is dedicated to working with all stakeholders around the world to create the environment that will allow the Internet to grow for the betterment of all people."

For more information, see:

See also:

[0] Geoff Huston, "December in Dubai," The Internet Protocol Journal, Volume 15, No. 2, June 2012.

[1] World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT-12),

[2] “NRO contribution to the WCIT Public Consultation Process,”

[3] "Stop the Net Grab": NRO Shares Concerns About the WCIT Process,"

[4] "Bringing transparency to the ITU,"

NRO Observations on WCIT-12 Process

The Number Resource Organization (NRO), representing the world's five Regional Internet address Registries (RIRs), issued the following statement from Dubai, the site of the recent World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT):

The conference has clearly not met expectations of many International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Member States, and with this unfortunate outcome now clear, we feel compelled to put the following observations on record.

The NRO is concerned about aspects of the WCIT-12 meetings, which have just ended in Dubai, particularly with events in the last days of the conference. Neither the content of this conference, nor its conduct during this critical final period, have met community expectations or satisfied public assurances given prior to the event.

Internet stakeholders around the world watched the WCIT preparations closely, and were hopeful, throughout those processes, of two things: that WCIT would have no bearing on the Internet, its governance or its content; and that the event would allow all voices to be heard. The ITU Secretary General himself made these assurances on multiple occasions, and reiterated them in his opening remarks to the conference.

Regrettably, expected WCIT discussions on traditional telecommunication issues were eclipsed by debates about Internet-related issues. The intensity and length of these debates revealed clearly the depth of genuine concern about the proposals, and also the determination of those who brought them to the meeting.

Perhaps more importantly, an open multi-stakeholder conduct of the WCIT conference did not eventuate. Plenary sessions of the conference were webcast, but contributions were allowed only from official Government delegates and ITU officials, relegating all other stakeholders to an observer role.

Furthermore, an important number of critical negotiations occurred in small groups accessible only to Member States; and key experts and other stakeholders were unable even to observe them.

The NRO strongly supports the principles established in 2005 by the World Summit on the Information Society, which call for Internet Governance to be carried out in a multi-stakeholder manner, and we note that these represent the view of the global community as expressed through the United Nations system itself.

The NRO has also participated in many ITU conferences and study groups over the years, at very substantial cost, in genuine efforts to build relationships between our communities and to demonstrate the value of multi-stakeholder cooperation and collaboration. The NRO will continue to participate in the ITU, itself a member of the UN system, in expectation that its processes can evolve visibly, and much more rapidly, towards these accepted principles.

John Jason Brzozowski, Donn Lee, and Paul Saab win 2012 Itojun Awards

The fourth annual Itojun Service Awards were recently presented to John Jason Brzozowski for his tireless efforts in providing IPv6 connectivity to cable broadband users across North America and evangelizing the importance of IPv6 deployment globally, and to Donn Lee and Paul Saab for their efforts in making high-profile online content available over IPv6 and for their key contributions to World IPv6 Day and World IPv6 Launch. The awardees were recognized at the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) 85 meeting in November 2012 in Atlanta, Georgia.

First awarded in 2009, the award honors the memory of Dr. Jun-ichiro "Itojun" Hagino, who passed away in 2007 at the age of 37. The award, established by the friends of Itojun and administered by the Internet Society, recognizes and commemorates the extraordinary dedication exercised by Itojun over the course of IPv6 development. IPv6, the next-generation Internet protocol developed within the IETF, provides more than 340 trillion, trillion, trillion addresses, enabling billions of people and a huge range of devices to connect with one another, and helping ensure the Internet continues its current growth rate indefinitely.

The combined work of John, Donn, and Paul has made IPv6 a technology used every day by people around the world as they access some of the most popular websites from their homes and offices,” said Jun Murai of the Itojun Service Award committee and founder of the WIDE Project."

On behalf of the Itojun Service Award committee, I am extremely pleased to present this award to them for their ongoing efforts that have made IPv6 a mainstream technology for global web companies looking to ensure their continued growth."

The Itojun Service Award is focused on pragmatic contributions to developing and deploying IPv6 in the spirit of serving the Internet. With respect to the spirit, the selection committee seeks contributors to the Internet as a whole; open source developers are a common example of such contributors, although this is not a requirement for expected nominees.

While the committee primarily considers practical contributions such as software development or network operation, higher level efforts that help those direct contributions will also be appreciated in this regard. The contribution should be substantial, but could be at an immature stage or be ongoing; this award aims to encourage the contributor to continue their efforts, rather than just recognizing well established work. Finally, contributions of a group of individuals will be accepted, as deployment work is often done by a large project, not just a single outstanding individual.

The award includes a presentation crystal, a US$3,000 honorarium, and a travel grant.

John Jason Brzozowski said, "It is truly humbling to be a recipient of the Itojun Service Award, being recognized with others that have worked tirelessly to make IPv6 a reality is rewarding personally and professionally. I would like to thank the award committee and the Internet Society as well as my family and co-workers for their support. As many are aware, the IPv6 journey at Comcast has been unfolding since 2005. It is an honor and pleasure to provide the technical and strategic leadership for IPv6 that has led to the success of our program and the widespread adoption of IPv6."

Donn Lee said, "Deploying IPv6 continues to be an amazing experience. I’m thankful to be sharing this award with my colleagues Paul and John, whom I have worked alongside through the challenging and exciting milestones of World IPv6 Day 2011 and World IPv6 Launch 2012. I especially want to thank the award committee for this honor that remembers Itojun, a truly inspirational IPv6 scientist, leader, and visionary."

Paul Saab said, "Im' honored to be sharing the Itojun Service Award with Donn and John. We should never forget that we would not be here today if it were not for Itojun's trailblazing work and passion for IPv6. To be recognized is extremely humbling, as Facebook's participation could not have been done without our amazing co-workers and their own hard work to bring IPv6 to our users. Thank you for recognizing us and remember that this journey is only 2% complete."

For more information about the Itojun Service Award see:

Left to right: Jun Murai, John Jason Brzozowski, Paul Saab and Don Lee

Leading Global Standards Organizations Endorse "OpenStand" Principles

Five leading global organizations—the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet Society and the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)—recently announced that they have signed a statement affirming the importance of a jointly developed set of principles establishing a modern paradigm for global, open standards. The shared "OpenStand" principles—based on the effective and efficient standardization processes that have made the Internet and Web the premiere platforms for innovation and borderless commerce—are proven in their ability to foster competition and cooperation, support innovation and interoperability and drive market success.

The IEEE, IAB, IETF, Internet Society and W3C invite other standards organizations, governments, corporations and technology innovators globally to endorse the principles, available at

The OpenStand principles strive to encapsulate that successful standardization model and make it extendable across the contem-porary, global economy’s gamut of technology spaces and markets. The principles comprise a modern paradigm in which the economics of global — by technological innovation—drive global deployment of standards, regardless of their formal status within traditional bodies of national representation. The OpenStand principles demand:

  • Cooperation among standards organizations;
  • Adherence to due process, broad consensus, transparency, balance and openness in standards development;
  • Commitment to technical merit, interoperability, competition, innovation and benefit to humanity;
  • Availability of standards to all; and
  • Voluntary adoption.

"New dynamics and pressures on global industry have driven changes in the ways that standards are developed and adopted around the world," said Steve Mills, president of the IEEE Standards Association

"Increasing globalization of markets, the rapid advancement of technology and intensifying time-to-market demands have forced industry to seek more efficient ways to define the global standards that help expand global markets. The OpenStand principles foster the more efficient international standardization paradigm that the world needs.

Added Leslie Daigle, chief Internet technology officer with the Internet Society: “International standards development for borderless economics is not ad hoc; rather, it has a paradigm—one that has demonstrated agility and is driven by technical merit.

The OpenStand principles convey the power of bottom-up collaboration in harnessing global creativity and expertise to the standards of any technology space that will underpin the modern economy moving forward."

Standards developed and adopted via the OpenStand principles include IEEE standards for the Internet’s physical connectivity, IETF standards for end-to-end global Internet interoperability and the W3C standards for the World Wide Web.

"The Internet and World Wide Web have fueled an economic and social transformation, touching billions of lives. Efficient standardization of so many technologies has been key to the success of the global Internet," said Russ Housley, IETF chair. "These global standards were developed with a focus toward technical excellence and deployed through collaboration of many participants from all around the world. The results have literally changed the world, surpassing anything that has ever been achieved through any other standards-development model."

Globally adopted design-automation standards, which have paved the way for a giant leap forward in industry’s ability to define complex electronic solutions, provide another example of standards developed in the spirit of the OpenStand principles. Another technology space that figures to demand such standards over the next decades is the global smart-grid effort, which seeks to augment regional facilities for electricity generation, distribution, delivery and consumption with a two-way, end-to-end network for communications and control.

"Think about all that the Internet and Web have enabled over the past 30 years, completely transforming society, government and commerce," said W3C chief executive officer Jeff Jaffe. "It is remarkable that a small number of organizations following a small number of principles have had such a huge impact on humanity, innovation and competition in global markets."

Bernard Aboba, chair of the IAB said: "The Internet has been built on specifications adopted voluntarily across the globe. By valuing running code, interoperability and deployment above formal status, the Internet has democratized the development of standards, enabling specifications originally developed outside of standards organizations to gain recognition based on their technical merit and adoption, contributing to the creation of global communities benefiting humanity. We now invite standards organizations, as well as governments, companies and individuals to join us at in order to affirm the principles that have nurtured the Internet and underpin many other important standards—and will continue to do so.”

New Years Day 2013 Marks 30th Anniversary of Major Milestone for the Internet

On January 1, 1983, the ARPANET, a direct predecessor of today's Internet, implemented the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) in a transition that required all connected computers to convert to the protocol simultaneously. The open TCP/IP protocol is now a foundational technology for the networks around the world that make up the global Internet and interconnect billions of devices. The transition, which was carefully planned over several years before it actually took place, is documented in RFC 801 [1] authored by Jon Postel [2].

Throughout its history, the Internet has continued to evolve. Today, deploying IPv6, the latest generation of the IP protocol, is critical to ensuring the Internets continued growth and to connect the billions of people not yet online. Thousands of major Internet Service Providers (ISPs), home networking equipment manufacturers, and web companies around the world are coming together to permanently enable IPv6 for their products and services through efforts such as World IPv6 Launch [3] organized by the Internet Society. For more information about the Internet Society's work to facilitate the open development of standards, protocols, and administration, and to ensure a robust, secure technical infrastructure, see the Internet Technology Matters blog [4] and the Deploy360 Programme [5]. For further details about the Internet’s history and development, see [6].

[1] Jon Postel, "NCP/TCP transition plan," RFC 801, November 1981.





[6] Barry M. Leiner, Vinton G. Cerf, David D. Clark, Robert E. Kahn, Leonard Kleinrock, Daniel C. Lynch, Jon Postel, Larry G. Roberts, and Stephen Wolff, "Brief History of the Internet,"

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