Fragments - The Internet Protocol Journal, Volume 13, No.2

Call for Candidates for Itojun Service Award

The Itojun Service Award is presented every year to an individual or a group who has made outstanding contributions in service to the IPv6 community. The deadline for nominations for this year's award is July 12, 2010. The award will be presented at the 79th meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to be held in November 2010 in Beijing, China.

The Itojun Service Award, established by the friends of Itojun and administered by the Internet Society (ISOC), recognizes and commemorates the extraordinary dedication exercised by Itojun over the course of IPv6 development. The award includes a presentation crystal, a US$3,000 honorarium, and a travel grant.

The award is focused on pragmatic technical contributions, especially through development or operation, with the spirit of servicing the Internet. With respect to the spirit, the selection committee seeks contributors to the Internet as a whole; open source developers are a common example of such contributors, although this is not a requirement for expected nominees. While the committee primarily considers practical contributions such as software development or network operation, higher-level efforts that help those direct contributions will also be appreciated in this regard. The contribution should be substantial, but could be immature or ongoing; this award aims to encourage the contributors to continue their efforts, rather than just recognizing well-established work. Finally, contributions of a group of individuals will be accepted as deployment work is often done by a large project, not just a single outstanding individual.

The award is named after Dr. Jun-ichiro "Itojun" Hagino, who passed away in 2007, aged just 37. Itojun worked as a Senior Researcher at Internet Initiative Japan Inc. (IIJ), was a member of the board of the Widely Integrated Distributed Environment (WIDE) project, and from 1998 to 2006 served on the groundbreaking KAME project in Japan as the "IPv6 Samurai." He was also a member of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) from 2003 to 2005.

For additional information on the award, please visit:

Less than 10% of IPv4 Addresses Remain Unallocated, says NRO

The Number Resource Organization (NRO), the official representative of the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) that oversee the allocation of all Internet number resources, recently announced that less than 10 percent of available IPv4 addresses remain unallocated. This small pool of existing IP addresses marks a critical moment in IPv4 address exhaustion, ultimately impacting the future network operations of all businesses and organizations around the globe.

"This is a key milestone in the growth and development of the global Internet," noted Axel Pawlik, Chairman of the NRO. "With less than 10 percent of the entire IPv4 address range still available for allocation to RIRs, it is vital that the Internet community take considered and determined action to ensure the global adoption of IPv6. The limited IPv4 addresses will not allow us enough resources to achieve the ambitions we all hold for global Internet access. The deployment of IPv6 is a key infrastructure development that will enable the network to support the billions of people and devices that will connect in the coming years," added Pawlik.

The Internet Protocol (IP) is a set of technical rules that defines how devices communicate over a network. There are currently two versions of IP, IPv4 and IPv6. IPv6 includes a modern numbering system that provides a much larger address pool than IPv4. With so few IPv4 addresses remaining, the NRO is urging all Internet stakeholders to take immediate action by planning for the necessary investments required to deploy IPv6.

The NRO, alongside each individual RIR, has actively promoted IPv6 deployment for several years through grassroots outreach, speaking engagements, conferences and media outreach. To date, their combined efforts have yielded positive results in the call to action for the adoption of IPv6.

Given the less than 10 percent milestone, the NRO is continuing its call for Internet stakeholders, including governments, vendors, enterprises, telecoms operators, and end users, to fulfill their roles in IPv6 adoption, specifically encouraging the following actions:

  • The business sector should provide IPv6-capable services and platforms, including web hosting and equipment, ensuring accessibility for IPv6 users.
  • Software and hardware vendors should implement IPv6 support in their products to guarantee they are available at production standard when needed.
  • Governments should lead the way by making their own content and services available over IPv6 and encouraging IPv6 deployment efforts in their countries. IPv6 requirements in government procurement policies are critical at this time.
  • Civil society, including organizations and end users, should request that all services they receive from their ISPs and vendors are IPv6-ready, to build demand and ensure competitive availability of IPv6 services in coming years.

The NRO's campaign to promote the next generation of Internet Protocol continues to positively impact the Internet community. IPv6 allocations increased by nearly 30% in 2009, as community members continued to recognize the benefits of IPv6.

"Many decision makers don't realize how many devices require IP addresses— said Raul Echeberria, Secretary of the NRO. "The number of available IPv4 addresses is shrinking rapidly, and if the global Internet community fails to recognize this, it will face grave consequences in the very near future. As such, the NRO is working to educate everyone, from network operators to top executives and government representatives, about the importance of IPv6 adoption," added Echeberria.

IP addresses are allocated by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), a contract operated by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). IANA distributes IP addresses to RIRs, who in turn issue them to users in their respective regions. "This is the time for the Internet community to act," said Rod Beckstrom, ICANN's President and Chief Executive Officer.

"For the global Internet to grow and prosper without limitation, we need to encourage the rapid widespread adoption of the IPv6 protocol," he added.

The NRO is the coordinating mechanism for the five RIRs. The RIRs—AfriNIC, APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, and the RIPE NCC—ensure the fair and equitable distribution of Internet number resources (IPv6 and IPv4 addresses and Autonomous System (AS) numbers) in their respective regions. The NRO exists to protect the unallocated Internet number resource pool, foster open and consensus-based policy development, and provide a single point of contact for communication with the RIRs.

Learn more about the NRO at

The five RIRs that make up the NRO are independent, not-for-profit membership organizations that support the infrastructure of the Internet through technical coordination. The IANA allocates blocks of IP addresses and ASNs, known collectively as Internet number resources, to the RIRs, who then distribute them to users within their own specific service regions. Organizations that receive resources directly from RIRs include Internet Service Providers (ISPs), telecommunications organizations, large corporations, governments, academic institutions, and industry stakeholders, including end users. The RIR model of open, transparent participation has proven successful at responding to the rapidly changing Internet environment. Each RIR holds one or two open meetings per year, as well as facilitating online discussion by the community, to allow the open exchange of ideas from the technical community, the business sector, civil society, and government regulators.

The five RIRs are:

ISOC Funds Projects to Support Internet Access, Security, and Policy Development

The Internet Society (ISOC) recently announced it is funding community-based projects around the world addressing issues such as Internet leadership, education, core infrastructure, local governance, and policy development, with a strong focus on currently underserved communities.

"The diversity of projects awarded highlights the profound importance of the Internet in so many aspects of our lives, in all parts of the world," said Jon McNerney, Chief Operating Officer of the Internet Society. "The passion and creativity of those developing the projects within their communities drives the Internet Society's commitment to help bring the benefits of the Internet to people everywhere."

As part of the ISOC Community Grants Program, each project will receive up to US$10,000 for efforts that promote the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world.

Projects funded in this round include:

  • Training programs to build digital literacy within safe environments in India and Uganda
  • Village-operated telecommunication services in East Timor
  • Support for development of core Internet time infrastructure
  • Policy and practical action in Kenya to improve online safety for women
  • Online support for NGOs in Tunisia and more effective local governance in India
  • Promotion of Internet leadership in Ecuador
  • Development of important public policy resources in Georgia and Australia

ISOC Community Grants are awarded twice each year. The next round of the program will open on September 1, 2010. Additional information about the Community Grants Program and this round of award-winning projects can be found here:

RIPE Community Statement on the Internet Address Management System

At the May 2010 Réseaux IP Européens (RIPE) meeting in Prague, Czech Republic, the RIPE community issued the following statement:

"The RIPE community supports all efforts to assist in the deployment of IPv6, especially in developing countries.

However, we note concerns being expressed within the ITU by a few members, most recently in the ITU IPv6 Group, that the current address management system is inadequate.

The RIPE community mandates the RIPE NCC to work with the ITU IPv6 Group, individual ITU members, and the community to clearly identify these concerns and to find ways to address them within the current IP address management system."

This statement will be sent to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to reiterate the RIPE community's belief that the current address management system works. The RIPE NCC will continue to participate actively in the ITU IPv6 Group and report back to the RIPE community.

For more information see:

Upcoming Events

The North American Network Operators' Group (NANOG) will meet in San Francisco, California, June 13–16, 2010.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will meet in Brussels, Belgium, June 20–25, 2010. See

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) will meet in Maastricht, The Netherlands, July 25–30, 2010 and in Beijing, China, November 7–12, 2010. See

APNIC, the Asia Pacific Network Information Centre, will hold its Open Policy meeting in the City of Gold Coast, Australia, August 24–28, 2010.