Fragments - The Internet Protocol Journal - Volume 8, Number 3

Internet Governance Report Available

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
(CSTB) of the National Academies has recently published a report entitled "Signposts in Cyberspace: The Domain Name System and Internet Navigation."

A summary report, as well as links to the full report can be found at:

From the summary: "The
Domain Name System
(DNS) enables userfriendly alphanumeric names to be assigned to Internet sites. Many of these names have gained economic, social, and political value, leading to conflicts over their ownership—especially names containing trademarked terms. Congress, in Public Law 105-305, directed the Department of Commerce to request the
National Research Council
(NRC) to perform a study of these issues. When the study was initiated, steps were already underway to address the resolution of domain name conflicts, but the continued rapid expansion of the use of the Internet had raised a number of additional policy and technical issues. Furthermore, it became clear that the introduction of search engines and other tools for Internet navigation was affecting the DNS. Consequently, the study was expanded to include policy and technical issues related to the DNS in the context of Internet navigation. This report presents the NRC's assessment of the current state and future prospects of the DNS and Internet navigation, and its conclusions and recommendations concerning key technical and policy issues."

The report was produced by the Committee on Internet Navigation and the Domain Name System: Technical Alternatives and Policy Implications, National Research Council.

First Protocols for Policy Makers Forum to be held October 28

The Internet has achieved the same global economic significance that propelled issues of international trade and finance onto the front pages of newspapers and the forefront of international policy thinking twenty years ago. This change is raising the profile of specialized issues and "obscure" policies for a rapidly expanding circle of public and privatesector stakeholders. Increased general understanding will be vital to assuring that Internet's growth, development, and coordination mechanisms continue to serve important public interests.

In recognition of this growing need for public education, Packet Clearing House is organizing a series of day-long roundtable fora to encourage sharing of technical and institutional know-how between prominent Internet architects, policy makers, and leading opinion leaders from related sectors. With the support of the
American Registry for Internet Numbers
(ARIN), the forum, to be called
Protocols for Policy Makers
(PfP), will meet for the first time on October 28, in conjunction with the NANOG 35 and ARIN XVI Internet operations and policy meetings in Los Angeles, California.

PfP will explore themes of competition, coordination, and possible conflict between new alternative Internet naming and addressing systems which are challenging the status-quo, such as the national registries recently proposed by the International Telecommunications Union and competitive private-sector "alternate roots." What outstanding problems are these new mechanisms intended to solve, and what goals might they achieve? How will these innovations contribute to the advancement of Internet public interests? What risks, costs, and complications may be imposed on the Internet by the emergence of multiple divergent systems? At PfP, these issues will be examined through a day of structured round-table discussions, interspersed with comments from leading experts on the Internet's current naming and addressing systems and prominent advocates of the current restructuring proposals. A complete agenda and list of speakers will be published shortly at

PfP will be open to the public, but space is very limited. For more information, or to request an invitation, please e-mail
. Expressions of interest from potential speakers, meeting hosts, and institutional co-sponsors are also welcome. Plans for future PfP meetings are already underway, with a second meeting, tentatively titled "When Voice Goes to Bits" to focus on technical, commercial, and regulatory implications of the migration voice telephony to IP. Suggestions for future meeting themes, venues, and contributions should be directed to PfP Forum Chair Tom Vest at

Jun Murai Recognized with Postel Award

Professor Jun Murai is this year's recipient of the Internet Society's prestigious
Jonathan B. Postel Service Award
. The award recognizes Professor Murai's vision and pioneering work that helped countless others to spread the Internet across the Asia Pacific region.

The Postel Award was presented during the 63rd meeting of the
Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF) in Paris, France by Daniel Karrenberg, chair of this year's Postel Award committee, and Lynn St. Amour, President and CEO of the Internet Society.

"Jun Murai has always encouraged, inspired and helped others, particularly his students and his colleagues in other parts of the Asia Pacific region," said Karrenberg. "He has also played a key role in creating structures for Internet coordination in the region (particularly the
Asia Pacific Network Information Centre
[APNIC]), and he is widely recognized for his recent pioneering work in IPv6 implementation."

Jun Murai is currently Vice-President at Keio University in Japan, where he is a Professor in the Faculty of Environmental Information. In 1984, he developed the
Japan University UNIX Network
(JUNET), and in 1988 established the WIDE Project (a Japanese Internet research consortium) of which he continues to serve as the General Chairperson. He is President of the
Japan Network Information Center
(JPNIC), a former member of the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society and a former member of ICANN's Board of Directors.

The Jonathan B. Postel Service Award was established by the
Internet Society
(ISOC) to honor those who have made outstanding contributions in service to the data communications community. The award is focused on sustained and substantial technical contributions, service to the community, and leadership. With respect to leadership, the nominating committee places particular emphasis on candidates who have supported and enabled others in addition to their own specific actions.

The award is named after Dr. Jonathan B. Postel, who embodied all of these qualities during his extraordinary stewardship over the course of a thirty-year career in networking. He served as the editor of the RFC series of notes from its inception in 1969, until 1998. He also served as the ARPANET "Numbers Czar" and the
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
(IANA) over the same period of time. He was a founding member of the
Internet Architecture Board
(IAB) and the first individual member of ISOC, where he also served as a trustee.

Previous recipients of the Postel Award include Jon himself (posthumously and accepted by his mother), Scott Bradner, Daniel Karrenberg, Stephen Wolff, Peter Kirstein and Phill Gross. The award consists of an engraved crystal globe and $20,000.

ISOC is a not-for-profit membership organization founded in 1992 to provide leadership in Internet-related standards, education, and policy. With offices in Washington, DC, and Geneva, Switzerland, it is dedicated to ensuring the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of people throughout the world. ISOC is the organizational home of the IETF and other Internet-related bodies who together play a critical role in ensuring that the Internet develops in a stable and open manner. For over 13 years ISOC has run international network training programs for developing countries and these have played a vital role in setting up the Internet connections and networks in virtually every country connecting to the Internet during this time. For more information visit:

Internet Root Servers Deployed in India

APNIC recently announced that three new Internet DNS root name servers are now operational in India.

These servers, launched in an official ceremony in New Dehli, India, on 25 August 2005, are the first root name servers deployed in India and South Asia and are already bringing significant improvements in speed and reliability to Internet users in India and the surrounding region.

APNIC has coordinated these deployments with the
Department of Information Technology
(DIT) and the respective root server operators.

F-root, operated by
Internet Software Consortium
(ISC) has been installed in Chennai; I-root, operated by Autonomica, has been installed in Mumbai; and K-root, operated by RIPE NCC, has been installed in Noida, near Delhi.

The installation of the root servers in India has been made possible by DIT, the
National Internet Exchange of India
(NIXI), and the
Internet Service Provider Association of India
(ISPAI), with financial and logistical support from APNIC. The three deployments in India bring the total number of root DNS servers in the Asia Pacific region to 24, 16 of which have been made possible with APNIC's support.

"We are pleased that India is able to contribute to the deployment of the first root name servers in South Asia," said Mr Pankaj Agrawala, Joint Secretary of DIT. "These three root servers will not only benefit the Indian Internet community, but also Internet communities in the surrounding region."

Paul Wilson, Director General of APNIC, added, "The deployment of these three root name servers in India is a positive example of Internet community coordination. The installation has involved the private sector, not-for-profit organizations, and government bodies working together to improve DNS stability and Internet response times for developing countries in South Asia."

Amitabh Singhal, Acting CEO of NIXI, said, "India is among the top ten countries in Internet usage, with over 35 million current subscribers and a five year target for 40 million, translating into more than 200 million total users by 2010. Sustainable infrastructure capacity building is imperative. As a budding intellectual capital of the world, with conducive socio-economic and political environments, India is justifiably proud of hosting three root servers, visibly putting our country, as well as the South Asian region, firmly on the world Internet route map."

More information about the participants can be found below.

APNIC is one of five Regional Internet Registries currently operating in the world. It provides allocation and registration services which support the operation of the Internet globally.
Autonomica AB is responsible for, the first root name server to be installed outside the United States of America. has been operational since 1991 and is now anycast from more than 25 locations around the Internet.
DIT operates under the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India (GOI).
ISC operates one of the 13 root DNS servers as a public service to the Internet. ISC has operated F-root for the IANA since 1993.
NIXI is joint effort between the GOI and the ISP industry to localize Internet traffic in India. NIXI has nodes in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkatta.
The RIPE NCC is one of five Regional Internet Registries currently operating in the world. It provides allocation and registration services which support the operation of the Internet globally.

IETF Journal Announced

The Internet Society (ISOC) is pleased to announce the IETF Journal, a new publication produced in cooperation with the IETF Edu team. Our aim is to provide an easily understandable overview of what is happening in the world of Internet standards, with a particular focus on the activities of the IETF
Working Groups
(WGs). Each issue of the journal will highlight some of the hot issues being discussed in IETF meetings and in the IETF mailing lists.

The focus of this first issue will be a look back at the accomplishments of the recent 63rd meeting of the IETF in Paris.

We trust that this publication will give all those with an interest in the increasingly important Internet standards development process an opportunity to keep abreast of many of the topics being debated by the IETF. Articles will cover issues such as:

Reports from the IETF and IAB Chair
News from the IETF Edu Team
Update from the IASA and the IAD
Summary of the plenary discussions
Highlights of IETF developments related to topics such as Routing, DNS, and IPv6
Recently published RFCs.

Upcoming Events

North American Network Operators' Group
(NANOG) will meet in Los Angeles, October 23–25, 2005. For more information, see:

American Registry for Internet Numbers
(ARIN) will meet (jointly with NANOG) in Los Angeles, October 26–28, 2005. For more information, see:

Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF) will meet in Vancouver, Canada, November 6–11, 2005. For more information, visit:

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
(ICANN) will meet in Vancouver, Canada, November 30–December 4, 2005. For more information, see:

Asia Pacific Regional Internet Conference on Operational Technologies
(APRICOT) will be held in Perth, Australia, February 22–March 3, 2006.