Fragments - The Internet Protocol Journal - Volume 2, No. 4


Internet Policy Institute Launched
On November 9th, 1999 a group of distinguished Internet visionaries and scholars announced the creation of the Internet Policy Institute , the nation's first independent, nonpartisan think tank devoted exclusively to providing research and hard data on the Internet and society. The group also announced its first research project and an initiative aimed at educating the presidential contenders.

The creation of the new think tank was announced by Jim Barksdale, former CEO of Netscape, Vint Cerf, Senior Vice President of Internet Architecture of MCI WorldCom, Esther Dyson, author and Chairman of EDventure Holdings, Inc., Mario Morino, Chairman of The Morino Institute, and Kimberly Jenkins, President of the Internet Policy Institute.

The new, nonprofit think tank will employ well-known experts and scholars to research subjects ranging from the role of the Internet in privacy to the Internet's impact on taxation and health care.

"The Internet is surrounded by noise, hype, rumors, marketing, IPOs and the hopes of starry-eyed start-ups, but there is very little hard data on which policymakers can base critical decisions that will determine the future of the new medium and how it affects society," said Barksdale, co-chairman of the Internet Policy Institute's Board of Directors. Wayne Clough, President of Georgia Tech, is his co-chairman.

"The speed at which society has adopted the Internet is unprecedented," said Cerf, who was Chairman and founding president of the Internet Society, as well as one of the designers of the TCP/IP protocol. "If, as we expect, half the world will be online within the next four years, we must make sure that the policy decisions we make now are based on solid, well-researched data."

The Institute announced its first research project, to be undertaken in collaboration with The Brookings Institution, on "The Economic Pay-off from the Internet Revolution." The research will be led by Alice Rivlin, former vice chair of the Federal Reserve System's Board of Directors and former Office of Management and Budget director, now with the Brookings Institution, and Robert E. Litan, Vice President and Director of Economic Studies at The Brookings Institution and former associate director of the Office of Management and Budget. The research will produce the first comprehensive, systematic economic study by an independent research group of the subject.

The nature and extent of the impact is of special importance to macro-economic policy specifically monetary policy to the extent that the Net is having or will have a material and sustained impact on the growth rate of productivity. The impact the Net has on specific industries, and the way it affects barriers to entry, has important implications for antitrust and regulatory policy.

Exactly one year before the next presidential election, the Internet Policy Institute also announced its first publications project, "Briefing the President: What the Next President of the United States Needs to Know About the Internet and Its Transformative Impact on Society." The Institute also released the introduction to the project by Barksdale, while Cerf outlined the contents of the next paper, "What is the Internet (and What Makes It Work)" that will be released December 1. Over the course of the coming months, the Institute will release 13 papers to be presented in briefings to all the leading presidential contenders and later compiled into a book.

"We didn't know five years ago the direction that the Internet would take," Barksdale said. "I'll bet that five years from now, we'll be surprised by its new directions. We need to assure that an honest, objective approach is taken on Internet issues, to prevent decision making that hinders the potential of this amazing medium," he said. For more information see:

The Asia Pacific Regional Internet Conference on Operational Technologies (APRICOT) will be held in at the Intercontinental Hotel in Seoul, Korea from February 28th to March 2nd, 2000. APRICOT provides a forum for key Internet builders in the region to learn from their peers and other leaders in the Internet community from around the world. The week-long summit consists of seminars, workshops, tutorials, conference sessions, and birds-of-a-feather sessions all with the goal of spreading and sharing the knowledge required to operate the Internet within the Asia Pacific region. For more information see:

More on Web Caching
If you enjoyed the article on Web Caching in our September 1999 issue, you might find the following paper of interest: "A Survey of Web Caching Schemes for the Internet," by Jia Wang. You can find this article in the October 1999 issue of ACM SIGCOMM's Computer Communications Review (Volume 29, Number 5). The paper is also available on line in either PostScript or PDF format:

ICANN Update
On September 28, 1999, the United States Department of Commerce, Network Solutions, Inc. (NSI), and The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced a series of agreements they had tentatively reached to resolve outstanding differences among the three parties. On November 4, 1999, based on public comment in writing and at a public forum held at the 1999 ICANN annual meeting, the ICANN Board approved revised versions of these agreements. The agreements were signed by the three parties on November 10, 1999. The full text of the agreements can be found on the ICANN Web site at Here we include some highlights:

  • NSI will operate the registry for the .com , .net , and .org top-level domains according to requirements stated in the agreement and developed in the future through the ICANN consensus-based process. All accredited registrars will have equal access to this registry.
  • A revised registrar accreditation agreement between ICANN and registrars was adopted. To continue to register names with the .com , .net , and .org registry operated by NSI after November 30, 1999, registrars must have entered a new Registrar License and Agreement with NSI and the revised ICANN accreditation agreement.
  • A revised NSI-Registrar License and Agreement was created under which competitive ICANN-accredited registrars are permitted to place and renew registrations in the registry.
  • An amendment was made to Cooperative Agreement #NCR 92-18742 originally entered between NSI and the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1992. On October 7, 1998, NSI and the United States Department of Commerce (which by then had assumed the NSF's role as lead agency of the U.S. Government) entered an Amendment 11 to that Cooperative Agreement under which NSI agreed to implement a shared registration system in which competitive registrars would enter registrations into the .com, .net, and .org registry on an equitable basis. Amendment 19 solidifies those arrangements and provides that in operating the registry NSI will abide by consensus policies adopted in the ICANN process.

At the annual meeting in early November, nine new directors joined the ICANN Board of Directors. They are Robert Blokzij, Ken Fockler and Pindar Wong named by the The Address Supporting Organization (ASO); Amadeu Abril i Abril, Jonathan Cohen and Alejandro Pisanty named by the Domain Name Supporting Organization (DNSO); Jean-Frangois Abramatic, Vinton G. Cerf and Philip Davidson named by the Protocol Supporting Organization (PSO).

Interplanetary Internet Special Interest Group Formed
The Internet Society (ISOC) recently announced the formation of the Interplanetary Internet Special Interest Group (IPNSIG). The IPNSIG exists to allow public participation in the evolution of the Interplanetary Internet. The technical research into how the Earth's Internet may be extended into interplanetary space has been underway for several years as part of an international communications standardization body known as the Consultative Committee on Space Data Systems (CCSDS). (See )

The CCSDS organization is primarily concerned with communications standardization for scientific satellites, with a primary focus on the needs of near-term missions. In order to extend this horizon out several decades, and to begin to involve the terrestrial internet research and engineering communities, a special Interplanetary Internet Study was proposed and subsequently funded in the United States.

The Interplanetary Internet Study is funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's Next Generation Internet Initiative, and presently consists of a core team of researchers from the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, MITRE Corporation, SPARTA, Global Science & Technology and consulting researchers from The University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute, University of California Los Angeles and the California Institute of Technology. The primary goal of the study is to investigate how terrestrial internet protocols and techniques may be extended and/or used as is in the exploration of deep space. The study team has also founded the IPNSIG and has formed the core of an Interplanetary Internet Research Group under the sponsorship of the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF).

The NASA IPN Study Team will act as liaison between the satellite and space communities and the ISOC/IRTF communities. The NASA IPN Study Team will assist with requirements and understanding of the deep space environment and missions, while the primary research on new or modified protocols will be conducted by the IRTF. In addition, the NASA Study Team will also act as liaison with the CCSDS.

The NASA Study Team will also enable simulated and actual opportunities to test protocols and the use of internet techniques in the space environment. For more information, visit:

This publication is distributed on an "as-is" basis, without warranty of any kind either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. This publication could contain technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Later issues may modify or update information provided in this issue. Neither the publisher nor any contributor shall have any liability to any person for any loss or damage caused directly or indirectly by the information contained herein.

The Internet Protocol Journal
Ole J. Jacobsen , Editor and Publisher

Editorial Advisory Board

Dr. Vint Cerf , Sr. VP, Internet Architecture and Engineering MCI WorldCom, USA
David Farber
The Alfred Fitler Moore Professor of Telecommunication Systems University of Pennsylvania, USA
Edward R. Kozel , Sr. VP, Corporate Development
Cisco Systems, Inc., USA
Peter Lothberg , Network Architect
Stupi AB, Sweden
Dr. Jun Murai , Professor, WIDE Project
Keio University, Japan
Dr. Deepinder Sidhu , Professor, Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County Director, Maryland Center for Telecommunications Research, USA
Pindar Wong , Chairman and President
VeriFi Limited, Hong Kong

The Internet Protocol Journal is published quarterly by the Cisco News Publications Group, Cisco Systems, Inc.
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Copyright © 1999 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA.