The Internet Protocol Journal - Volume 7, Number 2

Fragments

Cooperative Support for Global IPv6 Deployment
The Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), the IPv6 Task Forces and the IPv6 Forum are working in cooperation to support global IPv6 deployment.

The four RIRs, APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC and the RIPE NCC, are responsible for the management of global Internet numbering resources, including IPv4 and IPv6 address space, throughout the world. The RIRs confirm their commitment and continued support towards the deployment of IPv6 in cooperation with the IPv6 Task Forces and with the support of the IPv6 Forum.

The IPv6 Task Forces are focused on rapid IPv6 deployment. They see the adoption of IPv6 by industry, governments, schools and universities is particularly important. The extra address space offered by IPv6 will facilitate the deployment of widespread "always-on" Internet services including broadband access for all. In addition, IPv6's built-in encryption will help improve Internet security and is promoted by many government institutions globally.

The cooperation among the RIRs and the IPv6 Task Forces includes key aspects such as:
Supporting awareness, education and deployment of IPv6;
Disseminating information on the progress of IPv6 deployment;
Encouraging dialogue and ensuring the necessary cooperation between all involved parties;
Benchmarking IPv6 deployment progress;
Supporting the adoption of Domain Name Service infrastructure necessary for IPv6;
Encouraging the participation of all those who are interested in the IPv6 policy development process.

This cooperative effort between the RIRs and the IPv6 Task Forces recognises that while IPv4 address space will be available for many years, new users and usages of the Internet have the potential to rapidly increase the utilisation of IPv4 address space. With the advent of multiple always-on devices, wireless handhelds and 3G mobile handsets, the Internet community needs to prepare for a sharp increase in IP address space utilisation. In order to prevent future operational problems, the global rollout of IPv6 is essential for enabling the development and adoption of new applications and services.

The rollout of IPv6 on this scale requires significant preparation, particularly in terms of training and planning. The RIRs and the IPv6 Task Forces encourage early evaluation by network operators and industry players, in order to promote the necessary technical dialogue and to facilitate widespread adoption. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) can already deploy IPv6 in non-disruptive ways that do not require additional investment while providing added value to their customers.

"The RIPE NCC has supported IPv6 from an early stage. We are committed to ensuring that IPv6 resources are provided to RIPE NCC members whenever they are required. We will continue to use the long-established system of address distribution where IP addresses are allocated according to demonstrated need wherever that need is demonstrated," stated Axel Pawlik, Managing Director of the RIPE NCC. "The RIPE NCC is already providing IPv6 training to our members and other tools required to facilitate IPv6 deployment," he added.

Jordi Palet, Founding Member of the EU IPv6 Task Force and co-chair of the IPv6 Forum's Awareness and Education Working Group, sees the formalisation of this cooperative support of IPv6 deployment as an important development. "This cooperative effort ensures the global recognition of the strategic importance of IPv6 in enabling the continued development of the Internet and the worldwide information society. This ongoing coordination will have a positive global benefit for end users and the industry, by reinforcing the resilience of the Internet while allowing for the development of ever-improving applications and services," he said.

Paul Wilson, APNIC Director General, noted that significant advances have been taking place in all the RIR regions with respect to IPv6 allocation and policy. "The RIRs are already working with the IANA and large ISPs to facilitate the delegation of large blocks of IPv6 address space," he stated. "In the Asia Pacific region, a number of countries are taking the lead in terms of IPv6 deployment, and APNIC will continue to offer its support in these areas, and elsewhere, to allow the entire region to benefit from IPv6."

"In the ARIN region, we have received clear direction from the community to make all necessary preparations for IPv6 deployment. This includes work on the allocation policies and procedures, as well as making our own services available via IPv6," stated John Curran, Acting President of ARIN

"LACNIC is involved in the formation of the Latin American and Caribbean IPv6 Task Force and is active in encouraging the participation of its members and the community in IPv6 deployment and policy, and our services are already available over IPv6," said Raúl Echeberría, CEO of LACNIC.

"This global cooperation signals another historic milestone to further accelerate take-up of IPv6 for the global good," applauded Latif Ladid, President of the IPv6 Forum.

"The North American IPv6 Task Force supports the worldwide collaboration with the RIRs to further support the deployment of IPv6 and the next generation Internet mobile society using IPv6," stated Jim Bound, Chair NAv6TF and IPv6 Forum CTO.

As an IPv6 Forum Board member and an ICANN Address Council member, Takashi Arano of the Asia Pacific IPv6 Task Force steering committee supports this collaboration. "Address management, which the RIRs are in charge of, is one of the crucial components for the commercial deployment of IPv6 and its stable operation."

"I hope collaboration between IPv6 Task Forces and the RIRs will result in the advent of an IPv6-powered 'everything-everywhere-every time' networking world," he stated.

IPv6 is a new version of the data networking protocols on which the Internet is based. The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) developed the basic specifications during the 1990s. The primary motivation for the design and deployment of IPv6 was to expand the available "address space" of the Internet, thereby enabling billions of new devices (PDAs, cellular phones, appliances, etc.), new users and "always-on" technologies (xDSL, cable, Ethernet-to-the-home, fibre-to-the-home, Power Line Communications, etc.).

The existing IPv4 protocol has a 32-bit address space providing for a theoretical 232 (approximately 4 billion) unique globally addressable network interfaces. IPv6 has a 128-bit address space that can uniquely address 2128 (340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456) network interfaces.

The European IPv6 Task Force is a volunteer organisation, with over 500 members, open to all the interested parties in advancing the IPv6 deployment in the European region, in cooperation with the rest of the world and other related entities.

Four RIRs exist today. They provide number resource allocation and registration services that support the operation of the Internet globally. The RIRs are independent, not-for-profit organisations that work together to meet the needs of the global Internet community. They facilitate direct participation by all interested parties and ensure that the policies for allocating Internet number resources (such as IP addresses and Autonomous System Numbers) are defined by those who require them for their operations.

The RIRs ensure that number resource policies are consensus-based and that they are applied fairly and consistently. The RIR framework provides a well-established combination of bottom-up decision-making and global cooperation that has created a stable, open, transparent and documented process for developing number resource policies.

The RIR framework contributes to the common RIR goal and purpose of ensuring fair distribution, responsible management and effective utilisation of number resources necessary to maintain the stability of the Internet. The RIRs currently consist of:
APNIC: Asia Pacific Network Information Centre
http://www.apnic.net
ARIN: American Registry for Internet Numbers
http://www.arin.net
LACNIC: Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry
http://www.lacnic.net
RIPE NCC: RIPE Network Coordination Centre
http://www.ripe.net

The IPv6 Forum is a world-wide consortium of over 160 leading Internet service vendors, National Research & Education Networks & international ISPs, with a clear mission to promote IPv6 by improving market and user awareness, creating a quality and secure New Generation Internet and allowing world-wide equitable access to knowledge and technology. The key focus of the IPv6 Forum today is to provide technical guidance for the deployment of IPv6. IPv6 Summits are hosted by the IPv6 Forum and staged in various locations around the world to provide industry and market with the best available information on this rapidly advancing technology. http://www.ipv6forum.org

The North American IPv6 Task Force is an all-volunteer non-vendor/service/provider or other entity interest with the IPv6 mission of assisting the North American geography as sub task force of the IPv6 Forum for deployment, education, awareness, technical analysis/direction, transition analysis, political/business/economic/social analysis support and other efforts as required. The members see IPv6 as more important than their own self-interests. http://www.nav6tf.org



Upcoming Events
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will meet in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, July 19-23, 2004, and in Cape Town, South Africa, December 1-5, 2004. For more information see: http://www.icann.org

ICANN and The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) will be jointly hosting a workshop on country code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs), in Kuala Lumpur on 24 July. The purpose of this joint ICANN/ITU-T open workshop is to focus on the operation and practical operational issues facing the ccTLDs and to give the opportunity for ccTLD operators and ITU Member States to share their experiences. The Workshop is not a policy meeting, but rather it is intended as a forum for the exchange of views and discussions. Written presentations are encouraged, but not required. Written presentations can be submitted to ICANN-ITU-T-Workshop@icann.org. Additional information can be found at the ITU-T website: http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/worksem/cctld/kualalumpur0704/index.html

The IETF will meet in San Diego, CA, August 1-6, 2004 and in Washington, DC, November 7-12, 2004. For more information, visit: http://ietf.org



Useful Links
The following is a list of Web addresses that we hope you will find relevant to the material typically published in the IPJ.

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). The primary standardssetting body for Internet technologies. http://ietf.org
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the IETF, its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. Internet-Drafts are not an archival document series.

These documents should not be cited or quoted in any formal document. Unrevised documents placed in the Internet-Drafts directories have a maximum life of six months. After that time, they must be updated, or they will be deleted. Some Internet-Drafts become RFCs (see below). http://www.ietf.org/ID.html
The Request for Comments (RFC) document series. The RFCs form a series of notes, started in 1969, about the Internet (originally the ARPANET). The notes discuss man aspects of computer communication, focusing on networking protocols, procedures, programs, and concepts but also including meeting notes, opinion, and sometimes humor. The specification documents of the Internet protocol suite, as defined by IETF and its steering group the IESG, are published as RFCs. Thus, the RFC publication process plays in important role in the Internet standards process. http://www.rfc-editor.org/
The Internet Society (ISOC) is a non-profit, non-governmental, international, professional membership organization. http://www.isoc.org
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) "...is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions." http://www.icann.org
The North American Network Operators' Group (NANOG) "...provides a forum for the exchange of technical information, and promotes discussion of implementation issues that require community cooperation."
The Regional Internat Registries (RIR) provides IP address block assignments for Internet Service Providers and others. For more information: APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC and RIPE NCC.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) "...develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential as a forum for information, commerce, communication, and collective understanding." http://www.w3.org
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) "... is an international organization within which governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services." http://www.itu.int



The Internet Protocol Journal
Ole J. Jacobsen , Editor and Publisher

Editorial Advisory Board
Dr. Vint Cerf , Sr. VP, Architecture and Technology
MCI, USA

Dr. Jon Crowcroft , Marconi Professor of Communications Systems
University of Cambridge, England

David Farber
The Alfred Fitler Moore Professor of Telecommunication Systems
University of Pennsylvania, USA

Peter Löthberg , Network Architect
Stupi AB, Sweden

Dr. Jun Murai , Professor, WIDE Project
Keio University, Japan

Dr. Deepinder Sidhu , Professor, Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County Director, Maryland Center for Telecommunications Research, USA

Pindar Wong , Chairman and President
VeriFi Limited, Hong Kong

The Internet Protocol Journal is published quarterly by the Chief Technology Office, Cisco Systems, Inc.
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E-mail: ipj@cisco.com

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Copyright © 2003 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA.