The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) has named Stephen D. Crocker, chief executive officer of Shinkuro, Inc. in Bethesda, Md., as recipient of the 2002 IEEE Internet Award . The award recognizes Crocker for his leadership in the creation of key Internet protocols. It will be presented on 19 June, at INET 2002, in Arlington, Va.
In the formative days of the Internet and its predecessor, the ARPA-NET, Crocker led the development of crucial technologies,
processes and organizations that continue to support the Internet today. At the University of California at Los Angeles, Crocker
and his team developed protocols for the ARPANET such as the Network Control Protocol . NCP laid the groundwork for
today's Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). Crocker also founded and led the Network Working Group (NWG), which
has evolved to become the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).
In organizing the notes from the first few meetings of NWG, Crocker was anxious to expand the community and invite further
discussion and responses, and thus named the series Requests for Comments. RFCs remain a mainstay of Internet protocol publishing
today, and have played a big part in creating the environment of open and evolving standards of the Internet.
"The Internet Society is honored that INET 2002 was chosen as the venue to present this year's prestigious IEEE Internet Award,"
said Lynn St. Amour, president and CEO of the Internet Society (ISOC). "Dr. Stephen Crocker is highly regarded throughout the
international Internet community and we're pleased that his contributions will be recognized at INET 2002 in front of his
Crocker's many contributions to the Internet also include extensive work organizing the standards process of the IETF, where he has
served as area director of security and on the Internet Architecture Board. Crocker previously worked for the University of
Southern California Information Sciences Institute in Marina del Rey, the Aerospace Corporation in El Segundo, Calif., and at
Trusted Information Systems, Inc., in Glenwood, Md. In 1994, he co-founded CyberCash of Reston, Va., and served as its senior vice
president for development and chief technology officer. He also has started other ventures including Steve Crocker Associates in
Bethesda, Md.; Executive DSL in Bethesda, Md.; and Longitude Systems in Chantilly, Va.
He has served on the Council of Visitors at the Marine Biological Laboratory, as part of the National Research Council Study of
Information Systems Trustworthiness and currently chairs the ICANN Security and Stability Advisory Committee and the ISOC 2002
Jonathan B. Postel Service Award Committee. The author of numerous papers, Crocker also holds patents in relation to his security
and electronic commerce work.
He received his bachelor's degree in mathematics and doctoral degree in computer science, both from UCLA, he and studied artificial
intelligence at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The IEEE is the world's largest technical professional society with more than 377,000 members in approximately 150 countries.
Through its members, the IEEE is a leading authority on areas ranging from aerospace, computers and telecommunications to
biomedicine, electric power and consumer electronics. Additional information is available at
The Internet Society http://www.isoc.org/ is a non-profit, non-governmental,
open membership organization whose worldwide individual and organization members make up a veritable "who's who" of the Internet
industry. It provides leadership in technical and operational standards, policy issues, and education. ISOC is the organizational
home of the International Engineering Task Force, the Internet Architecture Board, the Internet Engineering Steering Group, and the
IETF—the standards setting and research arms of the Internet community. For information about INET 2002 please visit
Interim Approval for ENUM Provisioning
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) recently announced
interim approval for a single domain for ENUM, a technology that builds a bridge between the public switched telephone network and
Voice on IP networks today operate by translating telephone numbers to IP addresses and placing an H.323 or SIP call to the device.
The interchange format and translation record has not heretofore been standardized, limiting the possibility of deployment of
multi-corporate and international Voice on IP services. Under the ENUM proposal, E.164 numbers can be represented as Internet
Domain Names, providing a scalable and standard way to translate the numbers, and opening the way to such services. ITU has begun
approving delegations for the purposes of trials. "The lack of an interoperable standard way to turn a telephone number into an IP
Address has been one factor limiting the deployment of Voice on IP services internationally," said Leslie Daigle, Chair of the
If desk-mounted computers or servers are given telephone numbers as well as mnemonic names, this system further enables common
telephone handsets to place Voice or Video on IP calls to such computers. This is a significant step towards integrating
Internet-based services with the global telephone network, and the current agreements between IAB and ITU will allow trials to take
Patrik Fältström, member of the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG), said that "the integration of the desktop
telephone and computer allows corporations to simplify their internal networks."
Roy Blane, Chair of ITU-T's Study Group 2, concurred, saying that "In the long term this protocol may facilitate many new internet
services. In the short term, countries wishing to trial the system can begin work on developing it."
This interim approval is made possible due to cooperation between ITU, IAB and the IETF. As outlined in the ENUM specification
document, RFC 2916, sub-domains from a single domain will be delegated after acceptance by the registries according to the existing
assignment of country codes in the telephone address space. Information on how the ENUM registration requests will be processed can
be found at: http://www.ripe.net/enum/
The IETF is an international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of
the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. The definition of the ENUM protocol, as proposed by the IETF
can be found at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2916.txt The IETF is
an organized activity of the Internet Society.
The ITU is a global organization where the public and private sectors cooperate for the development of telecommunications and the
harmonization of national telecommunications policies. Study Group 2 of the ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T),
where work on ENUM is being carried out, is the Lead Study Group on Service definition, Numbering, Routing and Global Mobility and
is responsible for the operational aspects of service provision, networks and performance. More information on the ENUM protocol,
and the issues related to it, can be found at
Committee on ICANN Evolution and Reform posts Recommendations
Following the publication in February of "President's Report: ICANN—The Case for Reform, " by Stuart Lynn, President and CEO
of The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), a committee of the board has been examining the
details of the restructuring proposal, receiving input from the community at large, and publishing several documents with
recommendations. You can find pointers to all of these documents in the "Announcements" section at
INET 2002 , the annual conference of the Internet Society, will be held June 18-21, 2002 at the Crystal Gateway Marriott,
in Arlington, Virginia (5 minutes from downtown Washington, DC).
The IETF will be meeting in Yokohama, Japan, July 15-19, 2002 and in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, November 17-22, 2002.
ACM SIGCOMM 2002 is the annual conference of the Special Interest Group on Data Communication (SIGCOMM), a vital
special interest group of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). This year, SIGCOMM will be held in Pittsburg,
Pennsylvania, August 19-23.
ICANN will meet in Bucharest, Rumania, June 24-28, 2002 and in Shanghai, China, October 27-31, 2002.
The Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC) will hold its next Open Policy Meeting, September 3-6, 2002 in
The next Asia Pacific Regional Internet Conference on Operational Technologies (APRICOT) will take place February 19-28 in
Taipei, Taiwan. http://www.apricot2003.net/
This is the 17th issue of The Internet Protocol Journal. Inevitably, some minor, and a few major errors have made their way into
print since our June 1998 issue. We are planning to publish a list of corrections on our Web site in the near future. Since the
online material is a reflection of the printed version, we feel it would be inappropriate to simply "silently" correct the online
editions, thereby rewriting history. Instead, a list of the errors along with the corrections will be presented.
The Internet Protocol Journal
Ole J. Jacobsen, Editor and Publisher
Editorial Advisory Board
Dr. Vint Cerf, Sr. VP, Internet Architecture and Technology WorldCom, USA
Dr. Jon Crowcroft, Marconi Professor of Communications Systems University of Cambridge, England
The Alfred Fitler Moore Professor of Telecommunication Systems University of Pennsylvania, USA
Peter Lothberg, Network Architect
Stupi AB, Sweden
Dr. Jun Murai, Professor, WIDE Project
Keio University, Japan
Dr. Deepinder Sidhu, Professor, Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, University of
Maryland, Baltimore County Director, Maryland Center for Telecommunications Research, USA
Pindar Wong, Chairman and President
VeriFi Limited, Hong Kong
The Internet Protocol Journal is published quarterly by the Chief Technology Office, Cisco Systems, Inc.
Tel: +1 408 526-4000
Cisco, Cisco Systems, and the Cisco Systems logo are registered trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. in the USA and certain other
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Copyright © 2002 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA.