The cable modem remote-query command was introduced in Cisco IOS® Software Release 12.0(7)XR and 12.1(2)T. This command allows you to query the cable modem (CM) performance statistics directly from the uBR Cable Modem Termination System (CMTS).
The idea is to poll the CMs periodically using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), and to cache information, such as IP address, MAC address, S/N ratio, and Upstream Transmit Power on the CMTS (see output). This helps you know the state of a single modem, and have an overall status of the plant.
There are no specific requirements for this document.
The information in this document is based on this software version:
IOS Software Release 12.0(7)XR and 12.1(2)T
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On the cable modem, an SNMP community string must be configured. This is performed using one of these methods:
Manual configuration: add the snmp-server community<string> global configuration command
Force the CM to download an IOS config file via Data-over-Cable Service Interface Specifications (DOCSIS) configuration file
Configure the CM community via SNMP Object IDentifiers (OIDs) defined in the DOCSIS config file
On the CMTS, configure these global configuration commands:
snmp-server community<community string>
Note: In 12.2(33)SC, you cannot configure snmp-server community <community string> RO after configuring cable modem remote-query <community string> . It is redundant because IOS automatically adds the community noted in cable modem remote <community string> as an SNMP RO <community string> community. When you try to configure, you will get the error message which says %Error: Community <Name> already exists and is used for cable modem remote-query, configure new community string for SNMP management.
The cable modem remote-query [polling interval] [Community string] is where [polling interval] defines the time interval at which the query is performed. For example, 30 means that the query is performed every 30 seconds. [Community string] defines the community string.
When configuring cable remote-query, all the community strings have to match:
the snmp-server community string configured on the CM
the snmp-server community string configured on the CMTS
the snmp community string configured in the cable modem remote-query [polling interval] [Community string] command
Current configuration : 3473 bytes ! version 12.1 service timestamps debug uptime service timestamps log uptime no service password-encryption ! hostname big-cmts ! ! cable modem remote-query 30 test !--- This configures the CMTS to perform the remote !--- query every 30 seconds with a community string of test. no cable qos permission create no cable qos permission update cable qos permission modems cable time-server ip subnet-zero no ip finger no ip domain-lookup ip dhcp relay information option no ip dhcp relay information check ! interface Ethernet2/0 ip address 10.200.68.3 255.255.255.0 ! interface Cable3/0 ip address 10.200.71.17 255.255.255.240 secondary ip address 10.200.71.1 255.255.255.240 no keepalive cable downstream annex B cable downstream modulation 64qam cable downstream interleave-depth 32 cable upstream 0 frequency 20000000 cable upstream 0 power-level 0 no cable upstream 0 shutdown cable dhcp-giaddr policy cable helper-address 10.200.68.200 ! ip classless ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.200.68.1 no ip http server ! snmp-server community test RO !--- The community string has to match the one !--- set on the CM and the one configured above in the cable modem remote-query !--- command. snmp-server manager !--- Needed to configure the CMTS as SNMP manager !--- so that is is able to generate requests to the SNMP agents on the CM. line con 0 transport input none line aux 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end
For the CMs, configure the factory defaults with the addition of the global command snmp-server community test RO.
This is the output of the information collected:
big-cmts#show cable modem remote-query IP address MAC address S/N US DS Tx Time Micro (dB) Modem Ratio Power Power Offset Reflection State 10.200.71.8 0001.9659.47af 36.6 31.0 0.0 12352 17 online 10.200.71.4 0001.9659.47c7 36.6 37.0 0.0 12352 17 online 10.200.71.6 0001.9611.b9a3 36.6 37.0 0.0 12353 15 online 10.200.71.3 0001.9659.47a9 36.6 37.0 0.0 12351 16 online 10.200.71.2 0001.9659.47c1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 online !--- This modem does not answer to the SNMP query.
If the modem does not answer to SNMP query, you need some debugs to verify:
big-cmts#debug cable remote-query CMTS remote-query debugging is on *Sep 26 01:30:41.677: For IP address 10.200.71.2 !--- The IP address of the modem showing all 0s in the show cable modem remote-query !--- command output. *Sep 26 01:30:41.677: !--- SNMP proxy exec got event, but the queue is empty.
The preceding message indicates the modem has been queried, but no answer has been received. To receive further detail, view the SNMP level:
big-cmts#show snmp sessions Destination: 10.200.71.2.161, V1 community: test !--- "V1": SNMP version - "test": community string used to query the modem. Round-trip-times: 0/0/0 (min/max/last) packets output 2147 Gets, 0 GetNexts, 0 GetBulks, 0 Sets, 0 Informs !--- Number of SNMP GETS issued to the modem. 2146 Timeouts, 0 Drops !--- All the SNMP GETS timed out. packets input 0 Traps, 0 Informs, 0 Responses (0 errors)
This is the debug cable remote-query command output for a modem answering to remote-query:
*Sep 26 01:30:49.709: For IP address 10.200.71.8 *Sep 26 01:30:49.713: docsIfSignalQualityEntry.5.3 = 366 *Sep 26 01:30:49.713: docsIfMibObjects.22.214.171.124.2 = 310 *Sep 26 01:30:49.717: docsIfDownstreamChannelEntry. 6.3 = 0 *Sep 26 01:30:49.717: docsIfUpstreamChannelEntry.6. 4 = 12352 *Sep 26 01:30:49.721: docsIfSignalQualityEntry.6.3 = 17
This is the SNMP session detail for the same modem. Notice that the number of Gets equals the number of responses with no Timeouts or Drops:
Destination: 10.200.71.8.161, V1 community: test, Expires in 581 secs Round-trip-times: 1/1/1 (min/max/last) packets output 5421 Gets, 0 GetNexts, 0 GetBulks, 0 Sets, 0 Informs 0 Timeouts, 0 Drops packets input 0 Traps, 0 Informs, 5421 Responses (0 errors)
This output shows a mismatch in the community strings defined for the remote-query, and in the CMTS snmp-server community line:
big-cmts#sh snmp Chassis: 6888364 0 SNMP packets input 0 Bad SNMP version errors 30 Unknown community name !--- Community string mismatch. 0 Illegal operation for community name supplied 0 Encoding errors 0 Number of requested variables 0 Number of altered variables 0 Get-request PDUs 0 Get-next PDUs 0 Set-request PDUs 3944 SNMP packets output 0 Too big errors (Maximum packet size 1500) 0 No such name errors 0 Bad values errors 0 General errors 0 Response PDUs 0 Trap PDUs
The most common problem is that changing the cable modem remote-query [polling interval] [Community string] command parameters causes it to fail. It is recommended to perform these steps:
Remove the command with no cable modem remote-query.
Reinstate the command.
Another problem is when changing the community string defined with the command snmp-server community <string>. It is recommended to perform these steps:
Remove the cable modem remote-query [polling interval] [Community string] command.
Change the community string.
Reinstate the cable modem remote-query [polling interval] [Community string] command.
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