Document ID: 13810
When trying to download files with FTP or access external sites on the worldwide web from behind the PIX Firewall, network users may experience poor or intermittent performance. This can occur because host IP addresses in the global pool (or internal host IP addresses, if you are using Network Address Translation [NAT] 0) are not properly registered in the Domain Name System (DNS).
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This document is not restricted to specific software and hardware versions.
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Some symptoms of poor performance include the following.
A user can connect to an FTP site, but cannot execute any commands (such as LS, PUT, or GET).
FTP performance is extremely slow.
File transfers being performed using FTP will reach only n%, at which point the transfer will halt without being completed.
A user may not be able to access certain web sites.
Note: These symptoms may also be caused by the IDENT protocol.
Use nslookup to resolve a random number from your global pool. If you are using NAT 0, try to resolve your actual host IP addresses. The error message No host/domain usually indicates a lack of reverse DNS entries. If you do successfully resolve to a name, please refer to PIX Performance Issues Caused by IDENT Protocol (Port 113).
In PIX software versions earlier than 4.2.x, syslog at 20.7 may show deny messages, even though the hosts in question are not being blocked by access lists, authentication, license count, and so on. In PIX software versions 4.2.x or later, the logging facility 20 and logging trap debugging commands may show similar deny messages.
In the primary DNS for the domain, make sure there is a Pointer (PTR) record for each IP address, either those in a global pool or the ones that pass through via NAT 0. (These records are also known as in-addr.arpa entries.)
Once PTR records have been entered, an nslookup run on an IP address should resolve to a name.
- Understanding the Domain Name System
- DNS Resource Records
- Cisco PIX Firewall Software Product Support
- Cisco Secure PIX Firewall Command References
- Requests for Comments (RFCs)
- Technical Support & Documentation - Cisco Systems
|Updated: Jan 17, 2005||Document ID: 13810|