Cisco ONS 15454 User Documentation, Release 2.2.x
Chapter 2, Card Reference

Table Of Contents

Card Reference

2.1 Overview

2.1.1 Common Control Cards

2.1.2 Electrical Cards

2.1.3 Optical Cards

2.1.4 Ethernet Card

2.2 Electrical Card Protection

2.2.1 1:1 Protection

2.2.2 1:N Protection

2.2.3 Electrical Card Protection and the Backplane

2.3 Optical Card Protection

2.4 Multiport Card Protection

2.5 Unprotected Cards

2.6 Timing Communication and Control (TCC/TCC+) Card

2.6.1 TCC/TCC+ Functionality

2.6.2 Unique TCC+ Functionality

2.6.3 TCC/TCC+ Card-Level Indicators

2.6.4 System Level Indicators

2.6.5 TCC/TCC+ Specifications

2.7 Cross Connect Card

2.7.1 XC Card-Level Indicators

2.7.2 XC Specifications

2.8 Cross Connect VT Card

2.8.1 VT Mapping

2.8.2 XCVT Hosting DS3XM-6

2.8.3 XCVT Card-Level Indicators

2.8.4 XC/XCVT Compatibility

2.8.5 XCVT Card Specifications

2.9 Alarm Interface Controller Card

2.9.1 Customer-Defined Alarms

2.9.2 Orderwire

2.9.3 AIC Specifications

2.10 EC1-12 Card

2.10.1 EC1-12 Card-Level Indicators

2.10.2 EC1-12 Port-Level Indicators

2.10.3 EC1-12 Specifications

2.11 DS1-14 Card

2.11.1 DS1-14 Card-Level Indicators

2.11.2 DS1-14 Port-Level Indicators

2.11.3 DS1-14 Specifications

2.12 DS1N-14 Card

2.12.1 DS1N-14 Card-Level Indicators

2.12.2 DS1N-14 Port-Level Indicators

2.12.3 DS1N-14 Specifications

2.13 DS3-12 Card

2.13.1 DS3-12 Card-Level Indicators

2.13.2 DS3-12 Port-Level Indicators

2.13.3 DS3-12 Specifications

2.14 DS3N-12 Card

2.14.1 DS3N-12 Card-Level Indicators

2.14.2 DS3N-12 Port-Level Indicators

2.14.3 DS3N-12 Card Specifications

2.15 DS3XM-6 Card

2.15.1 DS3XM-6 Hosted By XCVT

2.15.2 DS3XM-6 Card-Level Indicators

2.15.3 DS3XM-6 Port-Level Indicators

2.15.4 DS3XM-6 Card Specifications

2.16 OC3 IR 4 1310 Card

2.16.1 OC3 IR 4 1310 Card-Level Indicators

2.16.2 OC3 IR 4 1310 Port-Level Indicators

2.16.3 OC3 IR 4 1310 Card Specifications

2.17 OC12 IR 1310 Card

2.17.1 OC12 IR 1310 Card-Level Indicators

2.17.2 OC12 IR 1310 Port-Level Indicators

2.17.3 OC12 IR 1310 Card Specifications

2.18 OC12 LR 1310 Card

2.18.1 OC12 LR 1310 Card-Level Indicators

2.18.2 OC12 LR 1310 Port-Level Indicators

2.18.3 OC12 LR 1310 Card Specifications

2.19 OC12 LR 1550 Card

2.19.1 OC12 LR 1550 Card-Level Indicators

2.19.2 OC12 LR 1550 Port-Level Indicators

2.19.3 OC12 LR 1550 Card Specifications

2.20 OC48 IR 1310 Card

2.20.1 OC48 IR 1310 Card-Level Indicators

2.20.2 OC48 IR 1310 Port-Level Indicators

2.20.3 OC48 IR 1310 Card Specifications

2.21 OC48 LR 1550 Card

2.21.1 OC48 LR 1550 Card-Level Indicators

2.21.2 OC48 LR 1550 Port-Level Indicators

2.21.3 OC48 LR 1550 Card Specifications

2.22 OC48 ELR DWDM Cards

2.22.1 OC48 ELR Card-Level Indicators

2.22.2 OC48 ELR Port-Level Indicators

2.22.3 OC48 ELR Card Specifications

2.23 E100T-12 Card

2.23.1 E100T-12 Card-Level Indicators

2.23.2 E100T-12 Port-Level Indicators

2.23.3 E100T-12 Card Specifications

2.24 E1000-2 Card

2.24.1 E1000-2 Card-Level Indicators

2.24.2 E1000-2 Port-Level Indicators

2.24.3 E1000-2 Card Specifications


2

Card Reference


This chapter describes the Cisco ONS 15454 cards. It includes descriptions, hardware specifications, and block diagrams for each card. For installation and turn-up procedures, see Chapter 1, "Installation."

2.1 Overview

The cards for the ONS 15454 include common control cards, electrical cards, optical cards, and an Ethernet/Fast Ethernet card. Each card is marked with a symbol that corresponds to a slot (or slots) on the ONS 15454 shelf assembly. The cards are then installed into slots displaying the same symbols (see the "Slot Requirements" section on page 1-36 for a list of slots/symbols). This overview provides a summary of the cards.

2.1.1 Common Control Cards

The four common control cards are the Timing Communications and Control (TCC/TCC+) card, the Cross Connect (XC) card, the VT1.5 Capable Cross Connect (XCVT) card, and the Alarm Interface Controller (AIC) card. The TCC is the main processing center of the ONS 15454 and provides system initialization, provisioning, alarm reporting, maintenance, and diagnostics. The XC/XCVT card is the central element for switching; it establishes connections and performs time division switching (TDS). The AIC card provides customer-definable alarms with its additional input/output alarm contact closures.

2.1.2 Electrical Cards

The electrical cards are the EC1-12, DS1-14, DS1N-14, DS3-12, DS3N-12, and the DS3XM-6 (Transmux). The EC1-12 card provides twelve STS-1 electrical interfaces. The DS1-14 card provides 14 DS-1 interfaces. The DS1N-14 card provides 14 DS-1 interfaces but can also provide 1:N protection when necessary. The DS3-12 card has 12 DS-3 interfaces and the DS3N-12 card has 12 DS-3 interfaces and 1:N protection capability. The DS3XM-6 card can convert six framed DS-3 network connections into 168 VT1.5s.

2.1.3 Optical Cards

The optical cards include the OC3IR 4 1310, the OC12IR 1310, the OC12 LR 1310, the OC12 LR 1550, the OC48 IR 1310, and the OC48 LR 1550 cards. The OC3IR 4 1310 card provides four intermediate or short-range OC-3 interfaces. The OC12IR 1310 card provides one intermediate or short range OC-12 interface. The OC12 LR 1310 card and the OC12 LR 1550 card each have one long-range OC-12 interface but operate at different wavelengths (1310 nm and 1550 nm, respectively). The OC48 IR 1310 card and the OC48 LR 1550 card each provide one long-range OC-48 interface and, like the OC12 LR cards, operate at different wavelengths (1310 nm and
1550 nm, respectively). The OC48 Extended Long Reach (ELR) cards provide the dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) solution for the ONS 15454. There are eighteen OC48 ELR cards; nine operate in the red band on different wavelengths and nine operate in the blue band on different wavelengths.

2.1.4 Ethernet Card

The E100T-12 card provides twelve switched, autosensing, 10/100 Base-T Ethernet interfaces. The Ethernet card reduces the need for certain external Ethernet aggregation equipment such as hubs or switches.

2.2 Electrical Card Protection

The ONS 15454 provides a variety of electrical card protection methods. This section describes the protection options. Figure 2-3 shows a 1:1 protection scheme and Figure 2-2 shows a 1:N protection scheme.

2.2.1 1:1 Protection

In 1:1 protection, a working card is paired with a protect card of the same type. If the working card fails, the traffic from the working card switches to the protect card. By default, the switched traffic stays on the protect card. shows the ONS 15454 in a 1:1 protection configuration; Slot 1 is protecting Slot 2, Slot 3 is protecting Slot 4, Slot 5 is protecting Slot 6, Slot 17 is protecting Slot 16, Slot 15 is protecting Slot 14, and Slot 13 is protecting Slot 12. Each working card is paired with a protect card.

Figure 2-1 1:1 Protection Configuration

2.2.2 1:N Protection

1:N protection allows a single card to protect several working cards. A DS1N-14 card provides protection for up to five DS1-14 cards, and a DS3N-12 card protects up to five DS3-12 cards. With the 1:1 protection offered by a standard DS1-14 card or DS3-12 card, protection extends only to the single working card paired with the standard protection card.

Currently, 1:N protection operates only at the DS-1 and DS-3 levels. 1:N protect cards must match the levels of their working cards. For example, a DS1N-14 protects only DS1-14 or other DS1N-14 cards, and a DS3N-12 protects only DS3-12 or other DS3N-12 cards. 1:N cards have added circuitry to act as the protection card in a 1:N protection group. Otherwise, the card is identical to the standard card and can serve as a normal working card.

The physical DS-1 or DS-3 interfaces on the ONS 15454 backplane use the working card until the working card fails. When the system detects this failure, the protection card takes over the physical DS-1 or DS-3 electrical interfaces through the relays and signal bridging on the backplane. shows the ONS 15454 in a 1:N protection configuration. Each side of the shelf has only one card protecting all of the cards on that side.

Figure 2-2 1:N Protection Configuration

2.2.2.1 Revertive Switching

1:N protection supports revertive switching. Revertive switching sends the electrical interfaces back to the original working card after the card comes back online. Detecting an active working card triggers the reversion process. There is a variable time period for the lag between detection and reversion, called the revertive delay, which you can set using the Cisco Transport Controller (CTC). (For instructions, see the "Configure the BLSR" section and the "Create a Circuit" section.) All cards in a protection group share the same reversion settings. 1:N protection groups default to automatic reversion.

2.2.2.2 1:N Protection Guidelines

Several rules apply to 1:N protection groups in the ONS 15454:

Working and protect card groups must reside in the same card bank (A or B).

The 1:N protect card must reside in Slot 3 for side A and Slot 15 for side B.

Empty slots or non-protection group cards must not separate the cards in a protection group.

Working cards may sit on either or both sides of the protect card.

The ONS 15454 supports 1:N equipment protection for all add-drop multiplexer configurations (ring, linear, and terminal), as specified by GR-253-CORE.

The ONS 15454 automatically detects and identifies a 1:N protection card when the card is installed in Slot 3 or Slot 15. However, the slot containing the 1:N card in a protection group must be manually provisioned as a protect slot because by default all cards are working cards.

For detailed procedures on setting up DS-1 and DS-3 protection groups, see the "Converting DS-1 and DS-3 Cards From 1:1 to 1:N Protection" section.

2.2.3 Electrical Card Protection and the Backplane

Protection schemes for electrical cards differ slightly depending on the Electrical Interface Assembly (EIA) type used on the ONS 15454 backplane. The difference is due to the varying connector size. For example, because BNC connectors are larger, fewer DS3-12 cards can be supported when using a BNC connector.


Caution   When a protection switch moves traffic from the DS3-12 working/active card to the DS3-12 protect/standby card, ports on the new working/standby card cannot be taken out of service. Lost traffic can result when a port is taken out of service even if the DS3-12 working/standby card no longer carries traffic.

2.2.3.1 BNC Protection

When you use BNC connectors, the ONS 15454 supports 1:1 protection or 1:N protection for a total of four working DS-3 electrical cards. If you are using EC-1 electrical cards with the BNC EIA, the ONS 15454 supports 1:1 protection and a total of four working cards. Slots 2, 4, 14 and 16 are designated working slots. These slots are mapped to a set of 12 BNC connectors on the EIA. These slots can be used without protection for unprotected DS-3 access. With 1:N or 1:1 protection, slots 1, 3, 15 and 17 are designated for protection when BNC connectors are used. With 1:N protection, Slots 3 and 15 are also designated for protection when BNC connectors are used. Slots 5, 6, 12, and 13 do not support DS3-12 cards when you use the regular BNC EIA.

2.2.3.2 High-Density BNC Protection

When you use the High-density BNC EIA, the ONS 15454 supports 1:1 protection or 1:N protection for eight total working DS-3 electrical cards. If you are using EC-1 electrical cards with the BNC EIA, the ONS 15454 supports 1:1 protection and a total of eight working cards. Slots 1, 2, 4, 5, 13, 14, 16, and 17 are designated working slots. These slots are mapped to a set of 12 BNC type connectors on the EIA. These slots can be used without protection for unprotected DS-3 or EC-1 access. Slots 3 and 15 are designated for 1:N protection slots when BNC connectors are used with the High-density BNC EIA. Slots 6 and 12 do not support DS-3 or EC-1 cards when you use the High-density BNC EIA.

2.2.3.3 SMB Protection

When you use SMB connectors, the ONS 15454 supports 1:1 or 1:N protection. 1:1 and 1:N protection are available for the DS-1 and the DS-3 electrical cards. If you are using EC-1 cards with the SMB EIA, the ONS 15454 supports 1:1 protection. Working and protection electrical cards are defined by card slot pairs (note that the same card is used for working and protect modules; the protection of the card is defined by the slot in which it is housed). Each slot maps to a set of 12 or 14 SMB connectors on the EIA depending on the number of ports on the corresponding card. Any slot can be used without protection for unprotected DS-1, DS-3, or EC-1 access.

The DS1N-14 card can be a working or protect card in 1:1 or 1:N protection schemes. When used with 1:N protection, the DS1N-14 card can protect up to five DS1-14 plug-ins using the SMB connectors with the DS-1 electrical interface adapters.

2.2.3.4 AMP CHAMP Protection

When you use AMP CHAMP connectors, the ONS 15454 supports 1:1 or 1:N protection. Working and protection spans are defined by card slot pairs.

The DS1N-14 card can be a working or protect card in 1:1 or 1:N protection schemes. When used with 1:N protection, the DS1N-14 card can protect up to five DS1-14 plug-ins using the AMP CHAMP EIA.

2.3 Optical Card Protection

The ONS 15454 currently supports 1+1 span protection to create redundancy for optical cards. Working and protection spans are defined by card slot pairs. Optical cards in any two slots can be paired for protection. 1+1 protection pairs a single working card with a single dedicated protect card. If the working card fails, the protect card takes over.

With non-revertive 1+1 protection, when a failure occurs and the signal switches from the working card to the protect card, the signal stays switched to the protect card until it is manually switched back. Revertive 1+1 protection automatically switches the signal back to the working card when the working card comes back online.

2.4 Multiport Card Protection

For multiport cards such as the DS3-12 and the OC-3, the ports on the card in the protection slot support the card in the working slot. With 1:1 or 1:N protection (electrical cards), the protect card must protect an entire slot. In other words, all the ports on the protect card will be used in the protection scheme. With 1+1 protection (optical cards), protection can be assigned on a per-port basis. In other words, any number of ports can be assigned as protection ports. On a four-port card, for example, you could assign one port as a protection port (protecting the corresponding port on the active card) and leave three ports unprotected. Conversely, you could assign three ports as protection ports and leave one port unprotected.

Protection schemes can be modified using the CTC software. See the "Creating Protection Groups" section on page 3-26 for more information.

2.5 Unprotected Cards

Unprotected cards are not included in a protection scheme; therefore, a card failure or a signal error results in lost data. Because no bandwidth lies in reserve for protection, unprotected schemes maximize the available ONS 15454 bandwidth. shows the ONS 15454 in an unprotected configuration. All cards are in a Working state.

Figure 2-3 Unprotected Configuration

2.6 Timing Communication and Control (TCC/TCC+) Card

The TCC/TCC+ performs system initialization, provisioning, alarm reporting, maintenance, diagnostics, IP address detection/resolution, SONET Data Communications Channel (DCC) termination, and system fault detection for the ONS 15454. The TCC/TCC+ also ensures that the system maintains Telcordia timing requirements. The TCC and the TCC+ perform essentially identical functions but are not identical cards. The TCC+ is intended as a migration vehicle to future software releases. Figure 2-4 shows the TCC faceplate and Figure 2-5 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-4 TCC Faceplate

2.6.1 TCC/TCC+ Functionality

The TCC/TCC+ supports multichannel, high-level data link control (HDLC) processing for the DCC. Up to 48 DCCs can be routed over the Serial Communication Interface (SCI) and terminated at the TCC/TCC+. The TCC/TCC+ selects and processes ten DCCs to facilitate remote system management interfaces.

The TCC/TCC+ also originates and terminates a cell bus carried over the SCI. The cell bus supports links between any two cards in the system, which is essential for peer-to-peer communication. Peer-to-peer communication accelerates protection switching for redundant cards.

The node database, IP address, and system software are stored in TCC/TCC+ non-volatile memory, which allows quick recovery in the event of a power or card failure.

The TCC/TCC+ performs all system-timing functions for each ONS 15454. The TCC/TCC+ monitors the recovered clocks from each traffic card and two DS-1 (BITS) interfaces for frequency accuracy. The TCC/TCC+ selects a recovered clock, a BITS, or an internal Stratum 3 reference as the system-timing reference. You can provision any of the clock inputs as primary or secondary timing sources. A slow-reference tracking loop allows the TCC/TCC+ to synchronize to the recovered clock, which provides holdover if the reference is lost.

Install TCC/TCC+ cards in Slots 7 and 11 for redundancy. If the active TCC/TCC+ fails, traffic switches to the protect TCC/TCC+. All TCC/TCC+ protection switches conform to protection switching standards when the BER counts are not in excess of E10-3 and completion time is less than 50 ms.

The TCC/TCC+ features an RJ-45 10Base-T LAN port and an RS-232 DB9 type craft interface for user interfaces. The craft port runs at 9600 bps.


Caution   Cisco does not recommend operating the ONS 15454 with only one TCC/TCC+ card. To safeguard your system, always operate in a redundant configuration.

2.6.2 Unique TCC+ Functionality

The TCC+ is a memory-enhanced version of the first generation Timing Communication and Control card. The TCC+ will allow the ONS 15454 to scale from a multiservice OC-48 platform to a multiservice OC-192 platform in future releases without the need for an additional processor upgrade.

The enhanced memory of the TCC+ enable it to support the added features that future releases bring. Software Release 2.1 recognizes both processors; therefore, if a mixture of processors exist on the same shelf, the mismatch is flagged by the system. The TCC and the TCC+ can coexist on a network level but not on a shelf level. An upgrade to Release 2.2.0 software is required before you can install the TCC+.

2.6.3 TCC/TCC+ Card-Level Indicators

The TCC faceplate has eight LEDs. The first two LEDs are card-level indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a TCC hardware problem. Replace the unit if the FAIL LED persists. The ACT/STBY (Active/Standby) LED indicates whether the TCC is active and providing the timing reference and shelf control (green), or is in standby to the active TCC (yellow).

2.6.4 System Level Indicators

The two red LEDs, CRIT and MAJ, indicate critical and major alarms in the system at the local terminal. The yellow MIN LED indicates a minor alarm. To provide first-level alarm isolation, the red REM LED illuminates when an alarm is present in one or several of the remote terminals. The green SYNC LED indicates that system timing is synchronized to an external reference.

Press the alarm cutoff (ACO) button to open the audible closure on the backplane. When the ACO function is activated, the green ACO LED illuminates. ACO state is stopped if a new alarm occurs. After the originating alarm is extinguished, the ACO LED and audible alarm control are reset.

Figure 2-5 TCC Block Diagram

2.6.5 TCC/TCC+ Specifications

CTC Software

Interface: 10 Base-T LAN

Backplane access: wire wrap

TL1 Craft Interface

Speed: 9600 baud

Front panel access: RS-232 DB9 type connector

Synchronization

Stratum 3 per Telcordia GR-253-CORE

Free running access: accuracy 4.6 ppm

Holdover Stability: 3.7 x10-7ppm/day including temperature (<255 slips in first 24 hours)

Reference: External BITS, line, internal

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 20W

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.7 Cross Connect Card

The Cross Connect (XC) card is the central element for ONS 15454 switching. It establishes connections and performs time division switching (TDS) at the STS-1 level between ONS 15454 traffic cards. The XC card faceplate, cross-connections, and functions are shown in Figure 2-6, Figure 2-7, and Figure 2-8.

Figure 2-6 XC Card Faceplate

The switch matrix on the XC card consists of 288 bidirectionsal ports. When creating bidirectional STS-1 cross-connects, each cross-connect uses two STS-1 ports. This results in 144 bidirectional STS-1 cross-connects. The switch matrix is fully crosspoint, non-blocking, and broadcast supporting. This allows network operators to concentrate or groom low-speed traffic from line cards onto high-speed transport spans and to drop low-speed traffic from transport spans onto line cards.

Figure 2-7 Cross-Connect Matrix

The XC card has 12 input ports and 12 output ports. Four input and output ports operate at either STS-12 or STS-48 rates. The remaining eight input and output ports operate at the STS-12 rate. An STS-1 on any of the input ports can be mapped to an STS-1 output port, thus providing full STS-1 time slot assignments (TSA).

The XC card works with the TCC/TCC+ card to maintain connections and set up cross-connects within the ONS 15454. Either the XC or XCVT is required to operate the ONS 15454. You establish cross-connect and provisioning information through the user interface on the TCC/TCC+. The TCC/TCC+ establishes the proper internal cross-connect information and relays the set-up information to the XC card.

For simplex operation, you can install a single XC card in Slots 8 or 10. A second XC can be added for redundancy. The card has no external interfaces. All card interfaces are provided through the ONS 15454 backplane.


Warning   Do not operate the ONS 15454 with a single TCC/TCC+ card or a single XC/XCVT card installed. Always operate the shelf with one working and one protect card of each type.


2.7.1 XC Card-Level Indicators

The XC faceplate has two card-level LEDs. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. If the FAIL LED persists, replace the card. The ACT/STBY LED indicates whether the XC is active and carrying traffic (green) or in standby mode to the active XC (yellow).

Figure 2-8 XC Block Diagram

2.7.2 XC Specifications

Cross-Connect

Connection Setup Time: 5 ms

Latency: 270 ns

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 16 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.8 Cross Connect VT Card

The XCVT card ( Figure 2-9) provides the same STS capability as a standard XC card. It provides non-blocking STS-48 capacity to all of the high-speed slots and non-bidirectional blocking STS-12 capacity to all low-speed slots. This creates a fully non-blocking, 288-port, STS-1 matrix.

The XCVT faceplate, cross-connections, and functions are shown in , , and .

Figure 2-9 XCVT Faceplate

The XCVT card adds VT1.5 cross-connect capability to the standard STS-level capability. This allows the XCVT card to manage up to 336 bidirectional VT1.5s or the equivalent of a bidirectional STS-12. The VT1.5-level signals can be cross connected, dropped, or rearranged. The TCC assigns bandwidth to each slot on a per STS-1 or per VT1.5 basis.

The XCVT card works with the TCC card to maintain connections and set up cross-connects within the system. Either the XCVT or XC is required to operate the ONS 15454. You can establish cross-connect and provisioning information through the user interface on the TCC. The TCC establishes the proper internal cross-connect information and relays the setup information to the XCVT card.

Figure 2-10 XCVT Cross-Connect Matrix

2.8.1 VT Mapping

The Cisco ONS 15454 performs Virtual Tributary (VT) mapping according to Telcordia GR-253 standards. shows the VT numbering scheme for the ONS 15454 as it relates to the Telcordia standard.

Table 2-1 ONS 15454 VT Mapping 

ONS 15454 VT Number
Telcordia Group/VT Number
VT1

Group1/VT1

VT2

Group2/VT1

VT3

Group3/VT1

VT4

Group4/VT1

VT5

Group5/VT1

VT6

Group6/VT1

VT7

Group7/VT1

VT8

Group1/VT2

VT9

Group2/VT2

VT10

Group3/VT2

VT11

Group4/VT2

VT12

Group5/VT2

VT13

Group6/VT2

VT14

Group7/VT2

VT15

Group1/VT3

VT16

Group2/VT3

VT17

Group3/VT3

VT18

Group4/VT3

VT19

Group5/VT3

VT20

Group6/VT3

VT21

Group7/VT3

VT22

Group1/VT4

VT23

Group2/VT4

VT24

Group3/VT4

VT25

Group4/VT4

VT26

Group5/VT4

VT27

Group6/VT4

VT28

Group7/VT4


2.8.2 XCVT Hosting DS3XM-6

The XCVT card works with DS3XM-6 (transmux) cards. A single DS3XM-6 can
demultiplex, or map down to a lower rate, six DS-3 signals into 168 VT1.5s that the XCVT card manages and cross connects. XCVT cards host a maximum of 336 VT1.5s. In most network configurations, two DS3XM-6 cards are paired as working and protect cards.

2.8.3 XCVT Card-Level Indicators

The XCVT faceplate has two card-level LEDs. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the unit if the red FAIL LED persists. The ACT/STBY (Active/Standby) LED indicates whether the XCVT is active and carrying traffic (green) or in standby mode to the active XCVT card (yellow).

2.8.4 XC/XCVT Compatibility

The XCVT supports run-time compatibility with the XC cross-connect both within a single node and within a ring of mixed XCVT and XC nodes. However, working and protect cards within a single ONS 15454 must be either two XC cards or two XCVT cards. If an XC card and an XCVT card are used together as a working and protect pair, the XCVT acts as an XC card. Both XC and XCVT systems are supported in unidirectional path switched ring (UPSR) and bi-directional line switched ring (BLSR) configurations. VT and STS-level cross-connect and protection management are also supported in either type of ring. Nodes that rearrange or drop VTs must use an XCVT. Nodes that only rearrange or drop STSs can use an XC. You do not need to upgrade STS-only nodes to XCVT in a ring that can handle both VT and STS drop/rearrangement. In this scenario, however, the XC must run Software Release 2.0 or higher.

When upgrading from XC to XCVT cards, the first XCVT card installed acts as an XC card until the second XCVT card is installed. For more information, see the "Upgrade XC Cards to XCVT" section.

If you want to create an STS-capable ring that allows VT drops at some nodes, all of the nodes in the ring must run Release 2.0 software or higher. The nodes that allow VT drops must use XCVT cards, and the nodes that do not allow VT drops can use any type of XC card.

When upgrading a system or ring to use the release 2.0 XCVT card, you must first upgrade the software to Release 2.0.

Figure 2-11 XCVT Block Diagram

2.8.5 XCVT Card Specifications

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 50 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.9 Alarm Interface Controller Card

The Alarm Interface Controller (AIC) card is an optional card that expands system management capabilities for customer-defined alarm I/O and orderwire. Figure 2-12 shows the AIC faceplate and Figure 2-13 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-12 AIC Faceplate

2.9.1 Customer-Defined Alarms

The AIC card provides additional input/output alarm contact closures. You can define up to four input and four output contacts. The physical connections are made using the backplane wire-wrap field. The alarms are defined using the CTC (for instructions see the "Provisioning the Alarm Interface Controller" section). Each alarm contact has a corresponding LED on the front panel of the AIC that indicates the status of the alarm. Input alarms are typically used for external sensors such as open doors, temperature sensors, flood sensors, and other environmental conditions. Output contacts are typically used to drive visual or audible devices such as bells and lights, but they can control other devices such as generators, heaters, and fans.

2.9.1.1 Provisioning I/O Alarm Contacts

You can program each of the four Form A input alarm contacts separately. They can be set to Alarm on Closure or Alarm on Open. The alarm severity can be set to any of the levels (Critical, Major, Minor, Not Alarmed, Not Reported). The alarm service level can be programmed to Service Affecting or Non-Service Affecting. A 63-character alarm description can be assigned for display by the CTC in the alarm log. The fan tray abbreviation for the alarm is not assignable. It reflects the generic name of the input contacts. The alarm condition remains until the external input stops driving the contact and you clear the alarm in CTC.

You can also program the Form A output alarm contacts separately. You can set them to close when the specified alarm condition is triggered; the default condition for output alarms is the open position. The alarm triggering conditions can be any ONS 15454 alarm condition including the user- defined input alarms, or triggering based on severity (i.e. trigger when any Major alarm happens), or remote alarm. You use pull-down menus in CTC to provision alarm-to-output-contact association; CTC organizes the alarms by category or by individual alarm. The output contact electrical interface is 50V, 100mA.

2.9.1.2 Provisionable Items

You can provision several items within the customer-defined alarms. You can provision up to four OC-N facilities for each local orderwire (LOW) and express orderwire (EOW) as orderwire paths. External alarm input contacts on the AIC can be provisioned for type, severity, service affecting status, contact normal, virtual wire, and description. External control output contacts on the AIC can be provisioned for trigger and local description.

The provisionable triggers cause normally open relay contacts to close. The user-provisionable triggers consist of the following:

Local NE alarm severity: A hierarchy of non-reported, non-alarmed, minor, major, or critical alarm severity that can be set to cause output closure. For example, if the trigger is set to minor, a minor alarm or above is the trigger.

Remote NE alarm severity: Same as the Local NE alarm severity but applies to remote alarms only.

Virtual wire entities: A raised signal on external outputs 1 through 4 can be provisioned as triggers to cause output closure.

In addition to provisionable triggers, the CTC allows you to manually force each external output contact to open or close. Manual operation takes precedence over any provisioned triggers that might be present.

2.9.2 Orderwire

Orderwire allows a craftsperson to plug a phoneset into an ONS 15454 and communicate with craftspeople working at other ONS 15454s. The orderwire is a pulse code modulation (PCM) encoded voice channel that uses E1 or E2 bytes in section/line overhead.

The AIC allows simultaneous use of both local (section overhead signal) and express (line overhead channel) orderwire channels on a SONET ring or particular optics facility. Local orderwire also allows communication at regeneration sites when the regenerator is not a Cisco device.

You can provision orderwire functions with the CTC. This is similar to the current provisioning model for DCC channels. In CTC you provision the orderwire communications network during ring turn-up so that all NEs on the ring can reach one another. Orderwire terminations (i.e. the optics facilities that receive and process the orderwire channels) are provisionable. Both express and local orderwire can be configured as on or off on a particular SONET facility. The system supports up to 4 orderwire channel terminations per shelf. This allows linear, single ring, dual ring, and small hub-and-spoke configurations. Keep in mind that orderwire is not protected in ring topologies such as BLSR and UPSR.


Caution   Do not configure orderwire loops. Orderwire loops cause feedback that disables the orderwire channel.

The ONS 15454 implementation of both local and express orderwire is broadcast in nature. The line acts as a party line. There is no signalling for private point-to-point connections. Anyone who picks up the orderwire channel can communicate with all other participants on the connected orderwire subnetwork. The local orderwire party line is separate from the express orderwire party line. Up to four OC-N facilities for each local and express orderwire are provisionable as orderwire paths. The AIC supports a "call" button on the module front panel which, when pressed, causes all ONS 15454 AICs on the orderwire subnetwork to "ring." The ringer/buzzer resides on the AIC. There is also a "ring" LED that mimics the AIC ringer. It flashes when any "call" button is pressed on the orderwire subnetwork. The "call" button and ringer/LED allow a remote craftsperson to get the attention of the craftspeople across the network.

When provisioning the orderwire subnetwork, make sure that an orderwire loop does not exist. Loops cause oscillation and an unusable orderwire channel.


Note   Only Ports 1 and 3 are valid when using the orderwire function.


Figure 2-13 AIC Block Diagram

2.9.3 AIC Specifications

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 16 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.10 EC1-12 Card

The EC1-12 card provides 12 Telcordia-compliant, GR-253 STS-1 electrical interfaces per card. Each interface operates at 51.840 Mbps over a single 75 ohm 728A or equivalent coaxial span. Figure 2-14 shows the EC1-12 faceplate and Figure 2-15 shows a diagram of the card.

Figure 2-14 EC1-12 Faceplate

STS path selection for UNEQ-P, AIS-P, UPSR using BER thresholds, etc. is done on the SONET ring interfaces in conjunction with the STS cross-connect. The EC1-12 terminates the twelve selected working STS-1 signals from the backplane. The EC1-12 maps each of the twelve received EC1 signals into 12 STS-1s with visibility into the SONET path overhead.

You can install the EC1-12 card in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slot. Each EC1-12 interface features DSX-level outputs supporting distances up to 450 feet depending on facility conditions.

An EC1-12 card can be 1:1 protected with another EC1-12 card but cannot protect more than one EC1-12 card. It must be installed in an even-numbered slot to serve as a working card and an odd- numbered slot to serve as a protect card.

2.10.1 EC1-12 Card-Level Indicators

The EC1-12 card faceplate has three card-level LEDs. The red FAIL LED signifies a hardware problem on the EC1-12 card. Replace the unit if the FAIL LED persists. The green ACT LED means that the EC1-12 card is operational and ready to carry traffic. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition such as loss of signal (LOS), loss of frame (LOF), or high bit error rate (BER) on one or more of the card's EC1-12 ports.

2.10.2 EC1-12 Port-Level Indicators

You can obtain the status of the EC1-12 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-15 EC1-12 Block Diagram

2.10.3 EC1-12 Specifications

EC1-12 Input

Bit Rate: 51.84 Mb/s +/- 20ppm

Frame Format: SONET

Line Code: B3ZS

Termination: Unbalanced coaxial cable

Input Impedance: 75 ohms +/-5%

Cable Loss: Max 450 ft. 734A, RJ59, 728A/Max 100 ft. RG179

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

EC1-12 Output

Bit Rate: 51.84 Mb/s +/- 20ppm

Frame Format: SONET

Line Code: B3ZS

Termination: Unbalanced coaxial cable

Input Impedance: 75 ohms +/-5%

Cable Loss: Max 450 ft. 734A, RJ59, 728A/Max 100 ft. RG179

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

Power Level: -1.8 - +5.7 dBm

Pulse Shape: ANSI T1.102-1988 Figure 8

Pulse amplitude: 0.36 - 0.85 V peak to peak

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Line Build Out: 0-225 ft.; 226-450 ft.

EC1-12 Electrical Interface

Connectors: BNC or SMB

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 40 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.11 DS1-14 Card

The ONS 15454 DS1-14 card provides 14 Telcordia-compliant, GR-499 DS-1 interfaces. Each interface operates at 1.544 Mbps over a 100W twisted pair copper cable. The DS1-14 card can function as a working or protect card in 1:1 protection schemes and as a working card in 1:N protection schemes. Figure 2-16 shows the DS1-14 faceplate and Figure 2-17 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-16 DS1-14 Faceplate

You can install the DS1-14 card in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slots. Each DS1-14 interface has DSX-level outputs supporting distances up to 655 feet.

The DS1-14 card supports 1:1 protection. The DS1-14 can be a working card in a 1:N protection scheme with the proper backplane EIA and wire-wrap or AMP CHAMP connectors. You can also provision the DS1-14 to monitor for line and frame errors in both directions.

You can group and map DS1-14 card traffic in STS-1 increments to any other card in an ONS 15454. Each DS-1 is asynchronously mapped into a SONET VT1.5 payload and the card carries a DS-1 payload intact in a VT1.5. For performance monitoring purposes, you can gather bidirectional DS-1 frame-level information (loss of frame, parity errors, CRC errors, etc.). All 14 VT1.5 payloads from a DS1-14 card are carried in a single STS-1 to the XC or XCVT card where the payload may be further aggregated for efficient STS-1 transport.

2.11.1 DS1-14 Card-Level Indicators

The DS1-14 card faceplate has three LEDs. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The green/yellow ACT/STBY LED indicates whether the DS1-14 card is operational and ready to carry traffic (green), or in standby mode (yellow). The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, or high BER) on one or more of the DS1-14 ports.

2.11.2 DS1-14 Port-Level Indicators

You can obtain the status of the DS1-14 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-17 DS1-14 Block Diagram

2.11.3 DS1-14 Specifications

DS1-14 Input

Bit Rate: 1.544 Mb/s +/- 32ppm

Frame Format: Off, SF (D4), ESF

Line Code: AMI, B8ZS

Termination: Wire-Wrap, AMP CHAMP

Input Impedance:100 Ohms

Cable Loss: Max 655 ft. ABAM #22 AWG

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

DS1-14 Output

Bit Rate: 1.544 Mb/s +/- 32ppm

Frame Format: Off, SF (D4), ESF

Line Code: AMI, B8ZS

Termination: Wire-Wrap, AMP CHAMP

Input Impedance:100 Ohms

Cable Loss: Max 655 ft. ABAM #22 AWG

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

Power Level: 12.5 to 17.9 dBm centered @ 772 KHz, -16.4 to -11.1 dBm centered at
1544 KHz

Pulse Shape: GR-499-CORE Figure 9-5

Pulse Amplitude: 2.4- 3.6 V peak-to-peak

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Environmental

Surge Protection: GR-1089

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 25 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.12 DS1N-14 Card

The DS1N-14 card provides 14 Telcordia-compliant, GR-499 DS-1 interfaces. Each DS1N-14 interface operates at 1.544 Mbps over a 100W twisted-pair copper cable. Figure 2-18 shows the DS1N-14 faceplate and Figure 2-19 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-18 DS1N-14 Faceplate

Each DS1N-14 interface features DSX-level outputs supporting distances up to 655 feet depending on facility conditions.

The DS1N-14 card supports 1:N (N£5) protection with the proper backplane EIA and wire-wrap or AMP CHAMP connectors. You can also provision the DS1N-14 to monitor line and frame errors in both directions.

The DS1N-14 card can function as a working or protect card in 1:1 or 1:N protection schemes. If you use the DS1N-14 as a standard DS-1 card in a 1:1 protection group, you can install the DS1N-14 card in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slot. If you use the card's 1:N functionality, you must install a DS1N-14 card in Slots 3 and 15.

You can group and map DS1-14 card traffic in STS-1 increments to any other card in an ONS 15454 system. Each DS-1 is asynchronously mapped into a SONET VT1.5 payload and the card carries a DS-1 payload intact in a VT1.5. For performance monitoring purposes, you can gather bidirectional DS-1 frame-level information (loss of frame, parity errors, or CRC errors, for example). All 14 VT1.5 payloads from a DS1-14 card are carried in a single STS-1 to the XC or XCVT card where they can be further aggregated for efficient STS-1 transport.

2.12.1 DS1N-14 Card-Level Indicators

The DS1N-14 card faceplate has three LEDs. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the FAIL LED persists. The green/yellow, ACT/STBY LED indicates when green that the DS1N-14 card is operational and ready to carry traffic, or when yellow that the card is in standby mode. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, or high BER) on one or more of the DS-1 ports on the card.

2.12.2 DS1N-14 Port-Level Indicators

You can obtain the status of the 14 DS-1 ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-19 DS1N-14 Block Diagram

2.12.3 DS1N-14 Specifications

DS1N-14 Input

Bit Rate: 1.544 Mb/s +/- 32ppm

Frame Format: Off, SF (D4), ESF

Line Code: AMI, B8ZS

Termination: Wire-Wrap, AMP CHAMP

Input Impedance:100 Ohms

Cable Loss: Max 655 ft. ABAM #22 AWG

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

DS1N-14 Output

Bit Rate: 1.544 Mb/s +/- 32ppm

Frame Format: Off, SF (D4), ESF

Line Code: AMI, B8ZS

Termination: Wire-Wrap, AMP CHAMP

Input Impedance:100 Ohms

Cable Loss: Max 655 ft. ABAM #22 AWG

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

Power Level: 12.5 to 17.9 dBm centered @ 772 KHz, -16.4 to -11.1 dBm centered at
1544 KHz

Pulse Shape: GR-499-CORE Figure 9-5

Pulse Amplitude: 2.4- 3.6 V peak-to-peak

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Environmental

Surge Protection: GR-1089

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 25 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.13 DS3-12 Card

The ONS 15454 DS3-12 card provides twelve Telcordia-compliant, GR-499 DS-3 interfaces per card for the ONS 15454. Each interface operates at 44.736 Mbps over a single 75W 728A or equivalent coaxial span. The DS3-12 card operates as a working or protect card in 1:1 protection schemes and as a working card in 1:N protection schemes. Figure 2-20 shows the DS3-12 faceplate, and Figure 2-21 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-20 DS3-12 Faceplate

You can install the DS3-12 card in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slot. Each DS3-12 interface features DSX-level outputs supporting distances up to 450 feet depending on facility conditions.

The DS3-12 card supports 1:1 protection with the proper backplane EIA. EIAs are available with BNC or SMB connectors.


Warning   When a protection switch moves traffic from the DS3-12 working/active card to the DS3-12 protect/standby card, ports on the now working/standby card cannot be taken out of service. Lost traffic can result if you take a port out of service even if the DS3-12 working/standby card no longer carries traffic.


2.13.1 DS3-12 Card-Level Indicators

The DS3-12 card faceplate has three LEDs. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, or high BER) on one or more of the DS-3 ports on the card. The green ACT LED indicates that the DS3-12 card is operational and ready to carry traffic.

2.13.2 DS3-12 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the 12 DS3-12 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-21 DS3-12 Block Diagram

2.13.3 DS3-12 Specifications

DS3-12 Input

Bit Rate: 44.736 Mb/s +/- 20ppm

Frame Format: DS-3 ANSI T1.107-1988

Line Code: B3ZS

Termination: Unbalanced coaxial cable

Input Impedance: 75 ohms +/-5%

Cable Loss: Max 450 ft. 734A, RJ59, 728A/Max 100 ft. RG179

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

DS3-12 Output

Bit Rate: 44.736 Mb/s +/- 20ppm

Frame Format: DS-3 ANSI T1.107-1988

Line Code: B3ZS

Termination: Unbalanced coaxial cable

Input Impedance: 75 ohms +/-5%

Cable Loss: Max 450 ft. 734A, RJ59, 728A/Max 100 ft. RG179

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

Power Level: -1.8 - +5.7 dBm

Pulse Shape: ANSI T1.102-1988 Figure 8

Pulse amplitude: 0.36 - 0.85 V peak-to-peak

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

DS3-12 Electrical Interface

Connectors: BNC or SMB

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 28 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.14 DS3N-12 Card

The ONS 15454 DS3N-12 card provides twelve Telcordia-compliant, TR499 DS-3 interfaces per card. Each interface operates at 44.736 Mbps over a single 75 ohm 785A or equivalent coaxial span. Figure 2-22 shows the DS3N-12 faceplate and Figure 2-23 shows a diagram of the card.

Figure 2-22 DS3N-12 Faceplate

You can install the DS3N-12 card in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slot. Each DS3N-12 interface features DSX-level outputs supporting distances up to 450 feet depending on facility conditions. With the proper backplane EIA, the card supports BNC or SMB connectors.

The DS3N-12 can operate as the protect card in a 1:N (1<=N<=5) DS-3 protection group. It has additional circuitry not present on the basic DS3-12 card that allows it to protect up to 5 working DS3-12 cards. The basic DS3-12 card can only function as the protect card for one other DS3-12 card. Other than the protection capabilities, the DS3-12 and DS3N-12 cards are identical.

2.14.1 DS3N-12 Card-Level Indicators

The DS3N-12 card faceplate has three LEDs. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The green ACT/STBY LED indicates that the DS3N-12 card is operational and ready to carry traffic. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, or high BER) on one or more of the DS-3 ports on the card.

2.14.2 DS3N-12 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the 12 DS3N-12 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-23 DS3N-12 Block Diagram

2.14.3 DS3N-12 Card Specifications

DS3N-12 Input

Bit Rate: 44.736 Mb/s +/- 20ppm

Frame Format: DS-3 ANSI T1.107-1988

Line Code: B3ZS

Termination: Unbalanced coaxial cable

Input Impedance: 75 ohms +/-5%

Cable Loss: Max 450 ft. 734A, RJ59, 728A/Max 79 ft. RG179

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

DS3N-12 Output

Bit Rate: 44.736 Mb/s +/- 20ppm

Frame Format: DS-3 ANSI T1.107-1988

Line Code: B3ZS

Termination: Unbalanced coaxial cable

Input Impedance: 75 ohms +/-5%

Cable Loss: Max 450 ft. 734A, RJ59, 728A/Max 79 ft. RG179

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

Power Level: -1.8 - +5.7 dBm

Pulse Shape: ANSI T1.102-1988 Figure 8

Pulse amplitude: 0.36 - 0.85 V peak-to-peak

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Line Build Out: 0-225 ft.; 226-450 ft.

DS3N-12 Electrical Interface

Connectors: BNC or SMB

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 30 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.15 DS3XM-6 Card

The DS3XM-6 card, commonly referred to as a transmux card, provides six Telcordia-compliant, GR-499-CORE M13 multiplexing functions. The DS3XM-6 converts six framed DS-3 network connections to 28x6 or 168 VT1.5s. Figure 2-24 shows the DS3XM-6 card faceplate and shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-24 DS3XM-6 Faceplate

You can install the DS3XM-6 in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slot. Each DS3XM-6 interface features DSX-level outputs supporting distances up to 450 feet depending on facility conditions.

The DS3XM-6 card supports 1:1 protection with the proper backplane EIA. EIAs are available with BNC or SMB connectors.

2.15.1 DS3XM-6 Hosted By XCVT

The DS3XM-6 card works in conjunction with the XCVT card. A single DS3XM-6 can demultiplex, or map down to a lower rate, six DS-3 signals into 168 VT1.5s that the XCVT card then manages and cross connects. XCVT cards host a maximum of 336 VT1.5s or two DS3XM-6 cards. In most network configurations, two DS3XM-6 cards are paired together as working and protect cards.

2.15.2 DS3XM-6 Card-Level Indicators

The DS3XM-6 card faceplate has three LEDs. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The green ACT LED indicates that the DS3XM-6 card is operational and ready to carry traffic. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, or high BER) on one or more of the DS3XM-6 card ports.

2.15.3 DS3XM-6 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the six DS3XM-6 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-25 DS3XM-6 Block Diagram

2.15.4 DS3XM-6 Card Specifications

DS3XM-6 Input

Bit Rate: 44.736 Mb/s +/- 20ppm

Frame Format: DS-3 ANSI T1.107-1988

Line Code: B3ZS

Termination: Unbalanced coaxial cable

Input Impedance: 75 ohms +/-5%

Cable Loss: Max 450 ft. 734A, RJ59, 728A/Max 100 ft. RG179

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant


DS3XM-6 Output

Bit Rate: 44.736 Mb/s +/- 20ppm

Frame Format: DS-3 ANSI T1.107-1988

Line Code: B3ZS

Termination: Unbalanced coaxial cable

Input Impedance: 75 ohms +/-5%

Cable Loss: Max 450 ft. 734A, RJ59, 728A/Max 100 ft. RG179

AIS: TR-TSY-000191-compliant

Power Level: -1.8 - +5.7 dBm

Pulse Shape: ANSI T1.102-1988 Figure 8

Pulse amplitude: 0.36 - 0.85 V peak-to-peak

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Line Build Out: 0-225 ft.; 226-450 ft.

DS3XM-6 Electrical Interface

Connectors: BNC or SMB

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 40 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.16 OC3 IR 4 1310 Card

The OC3 IR 4 1310 card provides four intermediate or short range, Telcordia-compliant, GR-253 SONET OC-3 interfaces. Each interface operates at 155.52 Mbps over a single-mode fiber span and supports VT payloads and non-concatenated or concatenated payloads on a per STS-1 or STS-3c basis. Figure 2-26 shows the OC3 IR 4 1310 faceplate and Figure 2-27 shows a diagram of the card.

Figure 2-26 OC3 IR 4 1310 Faceplate

You can install the OC3 IR 4 1310 card in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slot. The OC3IR 4 1310 card can be provisioned as part of a UPSR or in an ADM/TM configuration. Each interface features a 1310 nm laser and contains a transmit and receive connector (labeled) on the card faceplate. The OC3 IR 4 1310 uses SC connectors.

The OC3 IR 4 1310 card supports 1+1 unidirectional protection and bi-directional protection switching. You can provision protection on a per port basis.

The OC3 IR 4 1310 detects LOS, LOF, Loss of Pointer (LOP), line Alarm Indication Signal (AIS-L), and line Remote Defect Indication (RDI-L) conditions (see Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a description of these conditions). The card also counts section and line BIP errors.

To enable automatic protection switching, the OC3 IR 4 1310 extracts the K1 and K2 bytes from the SONET overhead to perform appropriate protection switches. The DCC bytes are forwarded to the DCC-terminating TCC.

2.16.1 OC3 IR 4 1310 Card-Level Indicators

The OC3 IR 4 1310 card has three card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, AISL, or high BER) on one or more of the card's OC-3 ports. The green ACT LED indicates the OC3 IR 4 1310 card is carrying traffic or is traffic-ready.

2.16.2 OC3 IR 4 1310 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the 4 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-27 OC3 IR 4 1310 Block Diagram


Warning   Follow all directions and warning labels when working with optical fibers. To avoid eye damage, never look directly into a fiber or connector.


2.16.3 OC3 IR 4 1310 Card Specifications

Line

Bit Rate: 155.52 Mbps

Code: Scrambled NRZ

Fiber: 1310nm Single Mode

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Connector: SC

Compliance: Telcordia SONET, GR-GSY-00253

Transmitter

Max. Transmitter Output Power: -8 dBm

Min. Transmitter Output Power: -15 dBm

Center Wavelength: 1274 nm - 1356 nm

Nominal Wavelength: 1310nm

Transmitter: Fabry Perot Laser

Receiver

Max. Receiver Level: -8 dBm

Min. Receiver Level: -28 dBm

Receiver: InGaAs/InP photo detector

Link Loss Budget: 13 dB

Environmental

Eye safety compliance: Class I

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 20 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.17 OC12 IR 1310 Card

The OC12 IR 1310 card provides one intermediate or short range, Telcordia-compliant, GR-253 SONET OC-12 interface per card. The interface operates at 622.08 Mbps over a single-mode fiber span and supports VT payloads and non-concatenated or concatenated payloads on a per STS-1, STS-3c, STS-6c, or STS-12c basis. Figure 2-28 shows the OC12 IR 1310 faceplate and Figure 2-29 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-28 OC12 IR 1310 Faceplate

You can install the OC12 IR 1310 card in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slot. You can provision the OC12 IR 1310 as part of a BLSR or UPSR. In ADM/TM configurations, you can provision the card as either an access tributary or a transport span-side interface.

The OC12 IR 1310 interface features a 1310 nm laser and contains a transmit and receive connector (labeled) on the card faceplate. The OC12 IR 1310 uses SC optical connections and supports 1+1 unidirectional and bidirectional protection.

The OC12 IR 1310 detects LOS, LOF, LOP, AIS-L, and RDI-L conditions (see Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a description of these conditions). The card counts section and line BIT errors.

To enable automatic protection switching, the OC12 IR 1310 extracts the K1 and K2 bytes from the SONET overhead and processes them to switch accordingly. The DCC bytes are forwarded to the DCC-terminating TCC.

2.17.1 OC12 IR 1310 Card-Level Indicators

The OC12 IR 1310 card has three card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, AIS-L, or high BER) on the OC-12 interface. The green ACT LED indicates that the OC12 IR 1310 card is operational and is carrying traffic or is traffic-ready.

2.17.2 OC12 IR 1310 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the OC-12 card port using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-29 OC12 IR 1310 Block Diagram


Warning   Follow all directions and warning labels when working with optical fibers. To prevent eye damage, never look directly into a fiber or connector.


2.17.3 OC12 IR 1310 Card Specifications

Line

Bit Rate: 622.08 Mbps

Code: Scrambled NRZ

Fiber: 1310nm Single Mode

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Connectors: SC

Compliance: Telcordia SONET, GR-GSY-00253

Transmitter

Max. Transmitter Output Power: -8 dBmn

Min. Transmitter Output Power: -15 dBm

Center Wavelength: 1274 nm - 1356 nm

Nominal Wavelength: 1310 nm

Transmitter: Fabry Perot Laser

Receiver

Max. Receiver Level: -8 dBm

Min. Receiver Level: -28 dBm

Receiver: InGaAs/InP photo detector

Link Loss Budget: 13 dB

Environmental

Eye safety compliance: Class I

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 14 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.18 OC12 LR 1310 Card

The OC12 LR 1310 card provides one long-range, Telcordia-compliant, GR-253 SONET OC12 interface per card. The interface operates at 622.08 Mbps over a single-mode fiber span. The OC12 LR 1310 supports non-concatenated or concatenated payloads on a per STS-1, STS-3c, STS-6c, or STS-12c basis and reports VT payloads. Figure 2-30 shows the OC12 LR 1310 faceplate and
Figure 2-31 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-30 OC12 LR 1310 Faceplate

You can install the OC12 LR 1310 card in any ONS 15454 multispeed or high-speed card slot. You can provision the OC12 LR 1310 as part of a BLSR or UPSR. In ADM/TM configurations, you can provision the card as either an access tributary or a transport span-side interface.

The OC12 LR 1310 interface features a 1310 nm laser and contains a transmit and receive connector (labeled) on the card faceplate. The OC12 LR 1310 uses SC optical connections and it supports 1+1 unidirectional and bidirectional protection.

The OC12 LR 1310 detects LOS, LOF, LOP, AIS-L, and RDI-L conditions (see Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms,"for a description of these conditions). The card also counts section and line BIT errors.

To enable automatic protection switching (APS), the OC12 LR 1310 extracts the K1 and K2 bytes from the SONET overhead and processes them to switch accordingly. The DCC bytes are forwarded to the TCC, which terminates the DCC.

2.18.1 OC12 LR 1310 Card-Level Indicators

The OC12 LR 1310 card has three card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, AIS-L, or high BER) on the OC-12 interface. The green ACT LED indicates that the OC12 LR 1310 card is operational and is carrying traffic or is traffic-ready.

2.18.2 OC12 LR 1310 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the OC12 LR 1310 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-31 OC12 LR 1310 Block Diagram


Warning   Follow all directions and warning labels when working with optical fibers. To prevent eye damage, never look directly into a fiber or connector.


2.18.3 OC12 LR 1310 Card Specifications

Line

Bit Rate: 622.08 Mbps

Code: Scrambled NRZ

Fiber: 1310 nm Single Mode

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Connectors: SC

Compliance: Telcordia SONET, GR-253-CORE

Transmitter

Max. Transmitter Output Power: +2 dBm

Min. Transmitter Output Power: -3 dBm

Center Wavelength: 1280 nm - 1335 nm

Nominal Wavelength: 1310nm

Transmitter: Distributed Feedback Laser

Receiver

Max. Receiver Level: -8 dBm

Min. Receiver Level: -28 dBm

Receiver: InGaAs/InP photo detector

Link Loss Budget: 25 dB

Environmental

Eye safety compliance: Class I

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 14 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.19 OC12 LR 1550 Card

The OC12 LR 1550 card provides one long-range, Telcordia-compliant, GR-253 SONET OC-12 interface per card. The interface operates at 622 Mbps over a single-mode fiber span and supports concatenated STS, non-concatenated STS, and VT payloads. Figure 2-32 shows the OC12 LR 1550 faceplate and Figure 2-33 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-32 OC12 LR 1550 Faceplate

You can install the OC12 LR 1550 card in any ONS 15454 general purpose card slot. The OC12 LR 1550 can be provisioned as part of a BLSR, UPSR, or ADM/TM.

The OC12 LR 1550 uses long reach optics centered at 1550 nm and contains a transmit and receive connector (labeled) on the card faceplate. The OC12 LR 1550 uses SC optical connections and supports 1+1 unidirectional protection or provisionable bidirectional or unidirectional switching.

The OC12 LR 1550 detects LOS, LOF, LOP, AIS-L, and RDI-L conditions (see Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a description of these conditions). The card also counts section and line BIT errors.

To enable automatic protection switching, the OC12 LR 1550 extracts the K1 and K2 bytes from the SONET overhead and processes them to switch accordingly. The DCC bytes are forwarded to the TCC, which terminates the DCC.

2.19.1 OC12 LR 1550 Card-Level Indicators

The OC12 LR 1550 card has three card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, AIS-L, or high BER) on the OC-12 interface. The green ACT LED indicates that the OC12 LR 1550 card is operational and ready to carry traffic.

2.19.2 OC12 LR 1550 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the OC12 LR 1550 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-33 OC12 LR 1550 Block Diagram


Warning   Follow all directions and warning labels when working with optical fibers. To prevent eye damage, never look directly into a fiber or connector.


2.19.3 OC12 LR 1550 Card Specifications

Line

Bit Rate: 622.08 Mbps

Code: Scrambled NRZ

Fiber: 1550 nm Single Mode

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Connectors: SC

Compliance: Telcordia SONET, GR-253-CORE


Transmitter

Max. Transmitter Output Power: +2 dBm

Min. Transmitter Output Power: -3 dBm

Center Wavelength: 1480 nm - 1580 nm

Nominal Wavelength: 1550 nm

Transmitter: Distributed Feedback Laser

Receiver

Max. Receiver Level: -8 dBm

Min. Receiver Level: -28 dBm

Receiver: InGaAs/InP photo detector

Link Loss Budget: 25 dB

Environmental

Eye safety compliance: Class I

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 14 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.20 OC48 IR 1310 Card

The OC48 IR 1310 card provides one intermediate-range, Telcordia-compliant, GR-253 SONET OC-48 interface per card. Each interface operates at 2488.320 Mbps over a single-mode fiber span and supports VT payloads and non-concatenated or concatenated payloads on a per STS-1, STS-3c, STS-6c STS-12c, or STS-48c basis. Figure 2-34 shows the OC48 IR 1310 faceplate and Figure 2-35 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-34 OC48 IR 1310 Faceplate

You can install the OC48 IR 1310 card in any ONS 15454 high-speed card slot. You can provision the OC48 IR 1310 as part of a BLSR or UPSR or, in an ADM/TM configuration, as either an access tributary or a transport span interface.

The OC-48 interface features a 1310 nm laser and contains a transmit and receive connector (labeled) on the card faceplate. The OC48 IR 1310 uses SC connectors. The OC48 IR 1310 card supports 1+1 unidirectional protection and provisionable bidirectional switching.

The OC48 IR 1310 detects LOS, LOF, LOP, AIS-L, and RDI-L conditions (see Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a description of these conditions). The card also counts section and line BIT errors.

To enable automatic protection switching, the OC48 IR 1310 extracts the K1 and K2 bytes from the SONET overhead and processes them to switch accordingly. The DCC bytes are forwarded to the TCC. The TCC terminates the DCC.

2.20.1 OC48 IR 1310 Card-Level Indicators

The OC48 IR 1310 card has three card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, AIS-L, or high BER) on the OC-48 interface. The green ACT LED indicates that the OC48 IR 1310 card is carrying traffic or is traffic-ready.

2.20.2 OC48 IR 1310 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the OC48 IR 1310 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-35 OC48 IR 1310 Block Diagram


Warning   Follow all directions and warning labels when working with optical fibers. To prevent eye damage, never look directly into a fiber or connector.


2.20.3 OC48 IR 1310 Card Specifications

Line

Bit Rate: 2488.320 Mbps

Code: Scrambled NRZ

Fiber: 1310 nm Single Mode

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Connectors: SC

Compliance: Telcordia SONET, GR-GSY-00253

Transmitter

Max. Transmitter Output Power: 0 dBm

Min. Transmitter Output Power: -5 dBm

Center Wavelength: 1280 nm - 1350 nm

Nominal Wavelength: 1310nm

Transmitter: Fabry Perot Laser

Receiver

Max. Receiver Level: 0 dBm

Min. Receiver Level: -18 dBm

Receiver: InGaAs InP photo detector

Link Loss Budget: 13 dB min

Environmental

Eye Safety Compliance: Class I

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 25 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.21 OC48 LR 1550 Card

The OC48 LR 1550 card provides one long-range, Telcordia-compliant, GR-253 SONET OC-48 interface per card. Each interface operates at 2488.320 Mbps over a single-mode fiber span and supports VT payloads and non-concatenated or concatenated payloads on a per STS-1, STS-3c, STS-6c, STS-12c, or STS-48c basis. Figure 2-36 shows the OC48 LR 1550 faceplate and
Figure 2-37 shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-36 OC48 LR 1550 Faceplate

You can install OC48 LR cards in any ONS 15454 high-speed slot. You can provision the OC48 LR cards as part of a BLSR or UPSR or, in an ADM/TM configuration, as either an access tributary or a transport span interface.

The OC48 LR 1550 interface features a 1550 nm laser and contains a transmit and receive connector (labeled) on the card faceplate. The OC48 LR 1550 card uses SC connectors, and it supports 1+1 unidirectional protection and provisionable bidirectional and unidirectional switching.

The OC48 LR 1550 detects LOS, LOF, LOP, AIS-L, and RDI-L conditions (see Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a description of these conditions). The card also counts section and line BIT errors.

To enable automatic protection switching, the OC48 LR 1550 extracts the K1 and K2 bytes from the SONET overhead and processes them to switch accordingly. The DCC bytes are forwarded to the TCC.

2.21.1 OC48 LR 1550 Card-Level Indicators

The OC48 LR 1550 card has three card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, or high BER) on the OC-48 interface. The green ACT LED indicates that the OC48 LR 1550 card is carrying traffic or is traffic-ready.

2.21.2 OC48 LR 1550 Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the OC48 LR 1550 card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-37 OC48 LR Block Diagram


Warning   Follow all directions and warning labels when working with optical fibers. To prevent eye damage, never look directly into a fiber or connector.


2.21.3 OC48 LR 1550 Card Specifications

Line

Bit Rate: 2488.320 Mbps

Code: Scrambled NRZ

Fiber: 1550 nm Single Mode

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Connectors: SC

Compliance: Telcordia SONET, GR-GSY-00253

Transmitter

Max. Transmitter Output Power: +3 dBm

Min. Transmitter Output Power: -2 dBm

Center Wavelength: 1520 nm - 1580 nm

Nominal Wavelength: 1550 nm

Transmitter: Distributed Feedback Laser

Receiver

Max. Receiver Level: -8 dBm

Min. Receiver Level: -28 dBm

Receiver: InGaAs APD photo detector

Link Loss Budget: 26 dB min, with 1 dB dispersion penalty

Environmental

Eye Safety Compliance: Class I

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 25 Watts

Dimensions

Height:12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.22 OC48 ELR DWDM Cards

18 distinct OC-48 ITU 200GHz dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) cards provide the ONS 15454 DWDM channel plan. Each OC48 DWDM card provides one Telcordia-compliant, GR-253 SONET OC-48 interface. The interface operates at 2.48 Gbps over a single-mode fiber span and carries both concatenated and non-concatenated payloads on an STS-1 or VT basis. shows the OC48 ELR faceplate and shows a block diagram of the card.

Figure 2-38 OC48 ELR DWDM Card Faceplate

Nine of the cards operate in the blue band with spacing of 200 GHz on the ITU grid (1530.33 nm, 1531.90 nm, 1533.47 nm, 1535.04 nm, 1536.61 nm, 1538.19 nm, 1539.77 nm, 1541.35 nm, 1542.94 nm), while the other nine operate in the red band with spacing of 200 GHz on the ITU grid
(1547.72 nm, 1549.32 nm, 1550.92 nm, 1552.52 nm, 1554.13 nm, 1555.75 nm, 1557.36 nm, 1558.98 nm, 1560.61 nm).

You can install the OC48 ELR cards in any ONS 15454 high-speed slot. You can provision the OC48 ELR cards as part of a BLSR or UPSR or, in an ADM/TM configuration, as either an access tributary or a transport span interface.

Each OC48 DWDM card uses extended long reach optics operating individually within the ITU-T 200 GHz grid. The OC48 DWDM cards are intended to be used in applications with very long unregenerated spans of up to 200 km (with mid-span amplification). These transmission distances are achieved through the use of inexpensive optical amplifiers (flat gain amplifiers) such as erbium doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs). Using co-located amplification, distances up to 200 km can be achieved for a single channel (160 km for 8 channels). Maximum system reach in filterless applications without the use of optical amplifiers or regenerators is 24 dB or approximately 80 km, depending on the condition of the facilities, number of splices and connectors, or other performance-affecting factors. The OC48 DWDM cards feature wavelength stability of +/- 0.25 nm. Each interface contains a transmitter and receiver.

The OC48 DWDM cards are the first in a family of cards meant to support extended long reach applications in conjunction with optical amplification. Using electro-absorption technology, the OC48 DWDM cards provide a solution at the lower-extended long reach distances.

The OC48 LR 1550 interface features a 1550 nm laser and contains a transmit and receive connector (labeled) on the card faceplate. The OC48 LR 1550 card uses SC connectors, and it supports 1+1 unidirectional protection and provisionable bidirectional and unidirectional switching.

The OC48 ELR cards detect LOS, LOF, LOP, AIS-L, and RDI-L conditions (see Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a description of these conditions). The cards also count section and line BIT errors.

To enable APS, the OC48 ELR cards extract the K1 and K2 bytes from the SONET overhead and process them to switch accordingly. The DCC bytes are forwarded to the TCC.

2.22.1 OC48 ELR Card-Level Indicators

The OC48 ELR cards have three card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. The yellow SF LED indicates a signal failure or condition (LOS, LOF, or high BER) on the OC-48 interface. The green ACT LED indicates that the card is carrying traffic or is traffic-ready.

2.22.2 OC48 ELR Port-Level Indicators

You can find the status of the OC48 ELR card ports using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-39 OC48 ELR Block diagram


Warning   Follow all directions and warning labels when working with optical fibers. To prevent eye damage, never look directly into a fiber or connector.


2.22.3 OC48 ELR Card Specifications

Line

Bit Rate: 2488.320 Mbps

Code: Scrambled NRZ

Fiber: 1550 nm Single Mode

Loopback Modes: Terminal and Facility

Connectors: SC

Compliance: Telcordia SONET, GR-GSY-00253, ITU-T G692, ITU-T G958

Transmitter

Max. Transmitter Output Power: 0 dBm

Min. Transmitter Output Power: -2 dBm

Center Wavelength: ±.25 nm

Transmitter: Electro-absorption laser

Receiver

Max. Receiver Level: -8 dBm

Min. Receiver Level: -28 dBm

Receiver: InGaAs APD photo detector

Link Loss Budget: 26 dB min, with 1 dB dispersion penalty

Environmental

Eye Safety Compliance: Class I

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 25 Watts

Dimensions

Height:12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.23 E100T-12 Card

The E100T-12 card provides twelve ports of IEEE 802.3-compliant, 10/100 interfaces. Each interface supports full-duplex operation for a maximum bandwidth of 200 Mbps per port and
2.4 Gbps per card. Each port independently detects the speed of an attached device (auto-senses) and automatically connects at the appropriate speed. The ports auto-configure to operate at either half or full duplex and can determine whether to enable or disable flow control. The card's faceplate and functionality are shown in Figure 2-40 and Figure 2-41.

Figure 2-40 E100T-12 Faceplate

The E100T-12 Ethernet card provides high-throughput, low-latency packet switching of Ethernet traffic across a SONET network while providing a greater degree of reliability through SONET "self-healing" protection services. This Ethernet capability enables network operators to provide multiple 10/100 Mbps access drops for high-capacity customer LAN interconnects, Internet traffic, and cable modem traffic aggregation. Efficient transport and co-existence of traditional TDM traffic with packet-switched data traffic are provided.

The E100T-12 eliminates the need for external aggregation equipment such as routers or Ethernet switches, remote headends, or distributed point of presences (POPs).

Each E100T-12 card supports standards-based, wire-speed, layer 2 Ethernet switching between its Ethernet interfaces. 802.1q tag and port-based VLANs are supported in order to logically isolate traffic (typically subscribers). 802.1p priority is also supported in order to provide multiple classes of service.

You can install the E100T-12 card in any general-purpose slot in the shelf assembly. Multiple Ethernet cards installed in an ONS 15454 act as a single switch supporting a variety of SONET port configurations. You can create logical SONET ports by provisioning a number of STS channels to the packet switch entity within the ADM. Logical ports can be created with a bandwidth granularity of STS-1. The ONS 15454 supports STS-1, STS-3c, STS-6c, or STS-12c configurations.

2.23.1 E100T-12 Card-Level Indicators

The E100T-12 card faceplate has three card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem. Replace the card if the red FAIL LED persists. An ACT LED indicates the status of the E100T-12. The SF LED is reserved for future options.

2.23.2 E100T-12 Port-Level Indicators

The E100T-12 card also has twelve pairs of LEDs (one pair for each port) to indicate port conditions. A green LINK LED indicates link has been detected: ON means an active connection and OFF means no active connection.

You can find the status of the E100T-12 card port using the LCD screen on the fan tray assembly of the ONS 15454 shelf. Use the LCD to access quickly the status of any port or card slot; the screen displays the number and severity of alarms for a given port or slot. See Chapter 9, "CTC Alarms," for a complete description of the alarm messages.

Figure 2-41 E100T-12 Block Diagram

2.23.3 E100T-12 Card Specifications

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5 - 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 40 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.

2.24 E1000-2 Card

The E1000-2 card provides two ports of IEEE-compliant, 1000 Mbps interfaces. Each interface supports full-duplex operation for a maximum bandwidth of 2 Gbps per port and 4 Gbps per card. Each port auto-configures for full duplex and 802.3x flow control. The E1000-2 card uses GBIC modular receptacles for the optical interfaces. For Release 2.2.0, two GBIC modules are offered as separate orderable products for maximum customer flexibility: An IEEE 1000Base-SX compliant, 850 nm optical module and an IEEE 1000Base-LX-compliant, 1300 nm optical module. The 850 nm SX optics are designed for multimode fiber and distances of up to 220 meters on 62.5 micron fiber and up to 550 meters on 50 micron fiber. The 1300 nm LX optics are designed for single-mode fiber and distances of up to five kilometers. Other GBIC modules for long reach 1550 nm and twisted-pair copper will be offered for use with the E1000 card when those components become available. The card's faceplate and functionality are shown in Figure 2-42 and Figure 2-43.

Figure 2-42 E1000-2 Card Faceplate

The E1000-2 Gigabit Ethernet card provides high-throughput, low-latency packet switching of Ethernet encapsulated traffic (IP and other layer 3 protocols) across a SDH/SONET network while providing a greater degree of reliability through SONET "self-healing" protection services. This enables network operators to provide multiple 1000 Mbps access drops for high-capacity customer LAN interconnects, Internet traffic, and cable modem traffic aggregation. Efficient transport and co-existence of traditional TDM traffic with packet-switched data traffic is provided.

The E1000-2 card eliminates the need for external aggregation equipment such as routers, Ethernet or ATM switches at the customer site, remote headends, or distributed POPs.

Each E1000-2 card supports standards-based, layer 2+ Ethernet switching between its Ethernet interfaces and any other Ethernet or SONET trunk interfaces on the ONS 15454. 802.1q tag and port-based VLANS are supported in order to logically isolate traffic (typically subscribers). 802.1p priority is also supported in order to provide multiple classes of service.

You can install the E1000-2 card into any general-purpose slot in the shelf assembly for a total shelf capacity of 20 Gigabit Ethernet ports. Multiple Ethernet cards installed in an ONS 15454 can act as either a single switching entity or as a single switch supporting a variety of SONET port configurations. You can create logical SONET ports by provisioning a number of STS channels to the packet switch entity within the Cisco ADM. Logical ports can be created with a bandwidth granularity of STS 1. In a single or multicard configuration, the ONS 15454 can support the following unstitched STS configurations: 1 STS-12c, 2 STS-6c, 4 STS-3c, or 12 STS-1 and the following stitched configurations: 2 STS-6c, 4 STS-3c, or 12 STS-1s.

2.24.1 E1000-2 Card-Level Indicators

The E1000-2 card faceplate has two card-level LED indicators. The red FAIL LED indicates a hardware problem or catastrophic software failure on the E1000-2 card. As part of the boot sequence, the FAIL LED is turned on until the software deems the card operational. A green ACT LED provides the operational status of the E1000-2. When the ACT LED is green it indicates that the E1000-2 card is active and the software is operational.

2.24.2 E1000-2 Port-Level Indicators

The E1000-2 card also has one bi-color LED per port. The green LINK LED indicates whether linkbeat has been detected (ON), meaning that an active network cable is installed, or if an active network cable is not plugged into the port (OFF). The amber port ACT LED flashes at a rate proportional to the level of traffic being received and transmitted over the port.

Figure 2-43 E1000-2 Block Diagram

2.24.3 E1000-2 Card Specifications

Environmental

Operating Temperature: 0 to +55 degrees Celsius

Operating Humidity: 5- 95%, non-condensing

Power Consumption: 40 Watts

Dimensions

Height: 12.650 in.

Width: 0.716 in.

Depth: 9.000 in.