A command script that Cisco ANA applies to one or more VNEs to extend their configurations. You use Cisco ANA Command Builder to create activation scripts. The Cisco Video Assurance Management Solution runs an IPTV activation script on its VNEs.
A mechanism by which Cisco ANA constantly monitors selected soft properties and generates an alarm every time they cross a user-defined threshold or violate a condition. See also Soft Properties.
See Active Network Abstraction.
The GUI tool in Cisco ANA that serves as a browser for viewing and retrieving detailed information about the different types of system events and tickets that are generated within the Cisco ANA system.
The GUI tool in Cisco ANA that is used for performing various system administration activities for simple system control.
Active Network Abstraction
A Cisco resource management solution designed with a fully distributed OSS mediation platform which abstracts the network, its topology and its capabilities from the physical elements.
The GUI tool in Cisco ANA that is used by network administrators for the management, fulfillment, planning and assurance of the integrity of network resources. It provides topology and event views.
See Autonomous Virtual Machine.
Autonomous Virtual Machine
Java processes that provide the necessary distribution support platform for executing and monitoring multiple VNEs.
Carrier Routing System-1
A Cisco large-scale core router for carrier networks.
Cisco Multicast Manager
A Web-based network management application that simplifies the holistic discovery, visualization, monitoring, and troubleshooting of multicast networks. Cisco Multicast Manager is applicable to multiple system operators that utilize multicast to transport video over IP.
Central Processing Unit.
See Cyclic Redundancy Check.
See Carrier Routing System-1.
Cyclic Redundancy Check
Error-checking technique in which the frame recipient calculates a remainder by dividing frame contents by a prime binary divisor and compares the calculated remainder to a value stored in the frame by the sending node.
A time value indicating the amount of data that buffers must contain to eliminate jitter.
A router in a multiaccess network that is designated to originate network link advertisements and establish adjacencies with all routers in the network.
See Delay Factor.
Digital Storage Media - Command and Control
A toolkit for developing control channels associated with MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 streams.
Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
A device that connects many digital subscriber lines to a network by multiplexing the DSL traffic onto one or more network trunk lines.
Digital Video Broadcast
A European standard for digital television.
See Designated Router.
See Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer.
See Digital Storage Media - Command and Control.
See Digital Video Broadcast.
See Element Management System.
Element Management System
A system that manages a network of elements.
Hard disk drive.
See Hybrid Fiber-Coax.
Technology being developed by the cable TV industry to provide two-way, high-speed data access to the home using a combination of fiber optics and traditional coaxial cable.
See Internet Control Message Protocol.
See Internet Group Management Protocol.
Internet Control Message Protocol
Network layer Internet protocol that reports errors and provides other information relevant to IP packet processing. Documented in RFC 792.
Internet Group Management Protocol
Used by IP hosts to report their multicast group memberships to an adjacent multicast router.
Internet Protocol Television
Video transport over IP.
See Internet Protocol Television.
Configurations that extend the capabilities of the VNEs to include functions that are unique to the Cisco Video Assurance Management Solution. These extensions are applied to supported VNEs with an activation script.
Management Information Base
Database of network management information that is used and maintained by a network management protocol, such as SNMP. The value of a MIB object can be changed or retrieved using SNMP commands, usually through a GUI network management system.
See Multicast Distribution Tree.
Media Loss Rate
The number of lost or out-of-order media packets per second.
See Management Information Base.
See Media Loss Rate.
Motion Picture Experts Group
Standard for compressing video. MPEG1 is a bit stream standard for compressed video and audio optimized to fit into a bandwidth of 1.5 Mbps. MPEG2 is intended for higher quality video-on-demand applications and runs at data rates between 4 and 9 Mbps. MPEG4 is a low-bit-rate compression algorithm intended for 64-kbps connections.
See Motion Picture Experts Group.
See Multiprotocol Label Switching.
Multicast Distribution Tree
A distribution tree that controls the path that IP multicast traffic takes through the network to deliver traffic to all receivers. The two basic types of multicast distribution trees are source trees and shared trees.
Multiprotocol Label Switching
Switching method that forwards IP traffic using a label. This label instructs the routers and the switches in the network where to forward the packets based on preestablished IP routing information.
See Network Element.
A user-named physical component or device existing in the network.
Network Time Protocol
Protocol built on top of TCP that ensures accurate local time-keeping with reference to radio and atomic clocks located on the Internet. This protocol is capable of synchronizing distributed clocks within milliseconds over long time periods.
See Network Time Protocol.
Values are defined in specific MIB modules. The Event MIB allows a user or an NMS to watch over specified objects and to set event triggers based on existence, threshold, and boolean tests. An event occurs when a trigger is fired; this means that a specified test on an object returns a value of true. To create a trigger, a user or an NMS configures a trigger entry in the mteTriggerTable of the Event MIB. This trigger entry specifies the OID of the object to be watched. For each trigger entry type, corresponding tables (existence, threshold, and boolean tables) are populated with the information required for carrying out the test. The MIB can be configured so that when triggers are activated (fired) either an SNMP Set is performed, a notification is sent out to the interested host, or both.
See Object Identifier.
The ID of a packet in a transport stream.
See Program Association Table.
See Program Clock Reference.
See Provider Edge.
See Packet ID.
See Protocol Independent Protocol.
See Program Map Table.
Packets per second.
Presentation Time Stamp
The time stamp when a video or audio frame must be presented to the user.
Program Association Table
A table that lists the PIDs that are associated with the PMTs in the transport stream.
Program Clock Reference
A clock reference on a program PID that helps to present programs on time and at the right speed.
Program Map Table
A table that provides information about a program on a video transport stream. The PMT lists the PIDs of the streams associated with the program.
Protocol Independent Protocol
Multicast routing architecture that allows the addition of IP multicast routing on existing IP networks. PIM is unicast routing protocol independent and can be operated in two modes: dense and sparse.
A router at the edge of a network service provider area.
See Presentation Time Stamp.
See Quadratrue Amplitude Modulation.
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
Method for encoding digital data in a n analog signal in which each combination of phase and amplitude represents one of sixteen four-bit patterns. Also refers to devices that encode digital cable channels for transmission over cable.
See Quality of Service.
Quality of Service
Measure of performance for a transmission system that reflects its transmission quality and service availability.
Realtime Transport Protocol
IP transport protocol that provides media-specific time stamp data for real-time flows.
Router specified in PIM sparse mode implementations to track membership in multicast groups and to forward messages to known multicast group addresses.
Reverse Path Forwarding
Multicasting technique in which a multicast datagram is forwarded out of all but the receiving interface if the receiving interface is the one used to forward unicast datagrams to the source of the multicast datagram. Non-RPF packets, also called RPF failure packets, are RPF packets that have been transmitted backwards, against the flow from the source.
See Rendezvous Point.
See Reverse Path Forwarding.
See Realtime Transport Protocol.
See Super Head End.
Simple Network Management Protocol
Network management protocol used almost exclusively in TCP/IP networks. SNMP provides a means to monitor and control network devices, and to manage configurations, statistics collection, performance, and security.
See Simple Network Management Protocol.
Cisco ANA offers the soft properties mechanism to enable user-configurable extension of device modeling, which can cover any unsupported MIB variable. This enables adding new monitored NE properties in runtime to the default set of supported properties.
Every soft property is implemented through a set of definitions that determine how to retrieve, parse and display a certain MIB variable from the NE. The definition process is done through a simple GUI utility, and does not require system restart. Soft properties are retrieved from the NE using SNMP, or Telnet/SSH.
See also Alarm Thresholding.
Super Head End
Network location for live feeds for the broadcast video service. This site contains the real-time encoders used for the broadcast video service, along with the asset distribution systems for on-demand services. This site may also contain back-office systems such as the subscriber database. The SHE typically resides in the core of the transport network.
See Threshold Crossing Alert.
Threshold Crossing Alert
A system message that alerts the operator that a provisionable threshold has been crossed.
See Video Hub Office.
Video Hub Office
Network location of the video server complex, which includes the video sources for on-demand services and real-time encoders for local television stations. A VHO typically serves a metropolitan area of between 100,000 and 1,000,000 homes.
Virtual Network Element
A virtual representation of a single network element as a modeled component. VNEs all communicate with each other to present ANA-based applications with a single, common device abstraction for network element discovery, configuration, status collection, fault analysis and other basic network functions. VNEs can be extended to support new application functionality.
Virtual Private Network
Enables IP traffic to travel securely over a public TCP/IP network by encrypting all traffic from one network to another. A VPN uses tunneling to encrypt all information at the IP level.
See Virtual Network Element.
See Virtual Private Network
A VRF consists of an IP routing table, a derived forwarding table, a set of interfaces that use the forwarding table, and a set of rules and routing protocols that determine what goes into the forwarding table.
See VPN routing/forwarding.
See Zone Announcement Protocol.
Zone Announcement Protocol
A multicast protocol for discovering the multicast administrative scope zones that are relevant at a particular location. See RFC 2776.