Table Of Contents
About Cisco IOS Software Documentation
Last Updated: July 30, 2010
This document describes the objectives, audience, conventions, and organization used in Cisco IOS software documentation. Also included are resources for obtaining technical assistance, additional documentation, and other information from Cisco. This document is organized into the following sections:
Cisco IOS documentation describes the tasks and commands available to configure and maintain Cisco networking devices.
The Cisco IOS documentation set is intended for users who configure and maintain Cisco networking devices (such as routers and switches) but who may not be familiar with the configuration and maintenance tasks, the relationship among tasks, or the Cisco IOS commands necessary to perform particular tasks. The Cisco IOS documentation set is also intended for those users experienced with Cisco IOS software who need to know about new features, new configuration options, and new software characteristics in the current Cisco IOS release.
In Cisco IOS documentation, the term router may be used to refer to various Cisco products; for example, routers, access servers, and switches. These and other networking devices that support Cisco IOS software are shown interchangeably in examples and are used only for illustrative purposes. An example that shows one product does not necessarily mean that other products are not supported.
This section contains the following topics:
Cisco IOS documentation uses the following typographic conventions:
Command Syntax Conventions
Cisco IOS documentation uses the following command syntax conventions:
Cisco IOS software uses the following program code conventions:
Reader Alert Conventions
Cisco IOS documentation uses the following conventions for reader alerts:
Caution Means reader be careful. In this situation, you might do something that could result in equipment damage or loss of data.
Note Means reader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions or references to material not covered in the manual.
Timesaver Means the described action saves time. You can save time by performing the action described in the paragraph.
This section describes the Cisco IOS documentation set, how it is organized, and how to access it on Cisco.com. It also lists the configuration guides, command references, and supplementary references and resources that comprise the documentation set. It contains the following topics:
Cisco IOS Documentation Set
The Cisco IOS documentation set consists of the following:
•Release notes and caveats provide information about platform, technology, and feature support for a release and describe severity 1 (catastrophic), severity 2 (severe), and select severity 3 (moderate) defects in released Cisco IOS software. Review release notes before other documents to learn whether updates have been made to a feature.
•Sets of configuration guides and command references organized by technology and published for each standard Cisco IOS release.
–Configuration guides—Compilations of documents that provide conceptual and task-oriented descriptions of Cisco IOS features.
–Command references—Compilations of command pages in alphabetical order that provide detailed information about the commands used in the Cisco IOS features and the processes that comprise the related configuration guides. For each technology, there is a single command reference that supports all Cisco IOS releases and that is updated at each standard release.
•Lists of all the commands in a specific release and all commands that are new, modified, removed, or replaced in the release.
•Command reference book for debug commands. Command pages are listed in alphabetical order.
•Reference book for system messages for all Cisco IOS releases.
Cisco IOS Documentation on Cisco.com
The following sections describe the organization of the Cisco IOS documentation set and how to access various document types.
Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Cisco IOS features are documented in feature guides. Feature guides describe one feature or a group of related features that are supported on many different software releases and platforms. Your Cisco IOS software release or platform may not support all the features documented in a feature guide. See the Feature Information table at the end of the feature guide for information about which features in that guide are supported in your software release.
Configuration guides are provided by technology and release and comprise a set of individual feature guides relevant to the release and technology.
Command reference books contain descriptions of Cisco IOS commands that are supported in many different software releases and on many different platforms. The books are organized by technology. For information about all Cisco IOS commands, use the Command Lookup Tool at http://tools.cisco.com/Support/CLILookup or the Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases, at http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/mcl/allreleasemcl/all_book.html.
Cisco IOS Supplementary Documents and Resources
Supplementary documents and resources are listed in Table 2.
Configuration Guides, Command References, and Supplementary Resources
Table 1 lists, in alphabetical order, Cisco IOS software configuration guides and command references, including brief descriptions of the contents of the documents. The Cisco IOS command references contain commands for Cisco IOS software for all releases. The configuration guides and command references support many different software releases and platforms. Your Cisco IOS software release or platform may not support all these technologies.
Table 2 lists documents and resources that supplement the Cisco IOS software configuration guides and command references. These supplementary resources include release notes and caveats; master command lists; new, modified, removed, and replaced command lists; system messages; and the debug command reference.
For additional information about configuring and operating specific networking devices, and to access Cisco IOS documentation, go to the Product/Technologies Support area of Cisco.com at the following location:
Table 1 Cisco IOS Configuration Guides and Command References
Configuration Guide and Command Reference Titles Features/Protocols/Technologies
•Cisco IOS AppleTalk Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS AppleTalk Command Reference
•Cisco IOS Asynchronous Transfer Mode Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Asynchronous Transfer Mode Command Reference
LAN ATM, multiprotocol over ATM (MPoA), and WAN ATM.
•Cisco IOS Bridging and IBM Networking Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Bridging Command Reference
•Cisco IOS IBM Networking Command Reference
Transparent and source-route transparent (SRT) bridging, source-route bridging (SRB), Token Ring Inter-Switch Link (TRISL), and token ring route switch module (TRRSM).
Data-link switching plus (DLSw+), serial tunnel (STUN), block serial tunnel (BSTUN); logical link control, type 2 (LLC2), synchronous data link control (SDLC); IBM Network Media Translation, including Synchronous Data Logical Link Control (SDLLC) and qualified LLC (QLLC); downstream physical unit (DSPU), Systems Network Architecture (SNA) service point, SNA frame relay access, advanced peer-to-peer networking (APPN), native client interface architecture (NCIA) client/server topologies, and IBM Channel Attach.
•Cisco IOS Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Command Reference
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) and PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE).
•Cisco IOS Carrier Ethernet Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Carrier Ethernet Command Reference
Operations, Administration, and Maintenance (OAM); Ethernet connectivity fault management (CFM); ITU-T Y.1731 fault management functions; Ethernet Local Management Interface (ELMI); MAC address support on service instances, bridge domains, and pseudowire; IEEE 802.3ad Link Bundling; Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) support for Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet links and EtherChannel bundles; LACP support for stateful switchover (SSO), in service software upgrade (ISSU), Cisco nonstop forwarding (NSF), and nonstop routing (NSR) on Gigabit EtherChannel bundles; and Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) and media endpoint discovery (MED).
•Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference
Autoinstall, Setup, Cisco IOS command-line interface (CLI), Cisco IOS file system (IFS), Cisco IOS web browser user interface (UI), basic file transfer services, and file management.
•Cisco IOS DECnet Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS DECnet Command Reference
•Cisco IOS Dial Technologies Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Dial Technologies Command Reference
Asynchronous communications, dial backup, dialer technology, dial-in terminal services and AppleTalk remote access (ARA), dial-on-demand routing, dial-out, ISDN, large scale dial-out, modem and resource pooling, Multilink PPP (MLP), PPP, and virtual private dialup network (VPDN).
•Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference
•Cisco IOS High Availability Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS High Availability Command Reference
A variety of high availability (HA) features and technologies that are available for different network segments (from enterprise access to service provider core) to facilitate creation of end-to-end highly available networks. Cisco IOS HA features and technologies can be categorized in three key areas: system-level resiliency, network-level resiliency, and embedded management for resiliency.
•Cisco IOS Intelligent Services Gateway Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Intelligent Services Gateway Command Reference
Subscriber identification, service and policy determination, session creation, session policy enforcement, session life-cycle management, accounting for access and service usage, and session state monitoring.
•Cisco IOS Interface and Hardware Component Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Interface and Hardware Component Command Reference
LAN interfaces, logical interfaces, serial interfaces, virtual interfaces, and interface configuration.
•Cisco IOS IP Addressing Services Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Addressing Services Command Reference
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP), Network Address Translation (NAT), Domain Name System (DNS), Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), and Next Hop Address Resolution Protocol (NHRP).
•Cisco IOS IP Application Services Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Application Services Command Reference
Enhanced Object Tracking (EOT), Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP), Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP), IP Services, Server Load Balancing (SLB), Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP), TCP, Web Cache Communication Protocol (WCCP), User Datagram Protocol (UDP), and Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP).
•Cisco IOS IP Mobility Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Mobility Command Reference
Mobile ad hoc networks (MANet) and Cisco mobile networks.
•Cisco IOS IP Multicast Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Multicast Command Reference
Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) sparse mode (PIM-SM), bidirectional PIM (bidir-PIM), Source Specific Multicast (SSM), Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP), Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP), and Multicast VPN (MVPN).
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: BFD Configuration Guide
Bidirectional forwarding detection (BFD).
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: BGP Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: BGP Command Reference
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), multiprotocol BGP, multiprotocol BGP extensions for IP multicast.
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: EIGRP Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: EIGRP Command Reference
Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP).
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: ISIS Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: ISIS Command Reference
Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS).
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: ODR Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: ODR Command Reference
On-Demand Routing (ODR).
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: OSPF Command Reference
Open Shortest Path First (OSPF).
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: Protocol-Independent Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: Protocol-Independent Command Reference
IP routing protocol-independent features and commands. Generic policy-based routing (PBR) features and commands are included.
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: RIP Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Routing: RIP Command Reference
Routing Information Protocol (RIP).
•Cisco IOS IP SLAs Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP SLAs Command Reference
Cisco IOS IP Service Level Agreements (IP SLAs).
•Cisco IOS IP Switching Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IP Switching Command Reference
Cisco Express Forwarding, fast switching, and Multicast Distributed Switching (MDS).
•Cisco IOS IPv6 Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference
For IPv6 features, protocols, and technologies, go to the IPv6 "Start Here" document.
•Cisco IOS ISO CLNS Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS ISO CLNS Command Reference
ISO Connectionless Network Service (CLNS).
•Cisco IOS LAN Switching Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS LAN Switching Command Reference
VLANs, Inter-Switch Link (ISL) encapsulation, IEEE 802.10 encapsulation, IEEE 802.1Q encapsulation, and multilayer switching (MLS).
•Cisco IOS Mobile Wireless Gateway GPRS Support Node Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Mobile Wireless Gateway GPRS Support Node Command Reference
Cisco IOS Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) in a 2.5-generation general packet radio service (GPRS) and 3-generation universal mobile telecommunication system (UMTS) network.
•Cisco IOS Mobile Wireless Home Agent Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Mobile Wireless Home Agent Command Reference
Cisco Mobile Wireless Home Agent, an anchor point for mobile terminals for which mobile IP or proxy mobile IP services are provided.
•Cisco IOS Mobile Wireless Packet Data Serving Node Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Mobile Wireless Packet Data Serving Node Command Reference
Cisco Packet Data Serving Node (PDSN), a wireless gateway that is between the mobile infrastructure and standard IP networks and that enables packet data services in a code division multiple access (CDMA) environment.
•Cisco IOS Mobile Wireless Radio Access Networking Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Mobile Wireless Radio Access Networking Command Reference
Cisco IOS radio access network products.
•Cisco IOS Multiprotocol Label Switching Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Multiprotocol Label Switching Command Reference
MPLS Label Distribution Protocol (LDP), MPLS Layer 2 VPNs, MPLS Layer 3 VPNs, MPLS traffic engineering (TE), and MPLS Embedded Management (EM) and MIBs.
•Cisco IOS Multi-Topology Routing Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Multi-Topology Routing Command Reference
Unicast and multicast topology configurations, traffic classification, routing protocol support, and network management support.
•Cisco IOS NetFlow Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS NetFlow Command Reference
Network traffic data analysis, aggregation caches, and export features.
•Cisco IOS Network Management Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Network Management Command Reference
Basic system management; system monitoring and logging; troubleshooting, logging, and fault management; Cisco Discovery Protocol; Cisco IOS Scripting with Tool Control Language (Tcl); Cisco networking services (CNS); DistributedDirector; Embedded Event Manager (EEM); Embedded Resource Manager (ERM); Embedded Syslog Manager (ESM); HTTP; Remote Monitoring (RMON); SNMP; and VPN Device Manager Client for Cisco IOS software (XSM Configuration).
•Cisco IOS Novell IPX Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Novell IPX Command Reference
Novell Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) protocol.
•Cisco IOS Optimized Edge Routing Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Optimized Edge Routing Command Reference
Optimized edge routing (OER) monitoring and automatic route optimization and load distribution for multiple connections between networks.
•Cisco IOS Performance Routing Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Performance Routing Command Reference
Performance Routing (PfR) provides additional intelligence to classic routing technologies to track the performance of, or verify the quality of, a path between two devices over a WAN infrastructure in order to determine the best egress or ingress path for application traffic.
•Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Command Reference
Traffic queueing, traffic policing, traffic shaping, Modular QoS CLI (MQC), Network-Based Application Recognition (NBAR), Multilink PPP (MLP) for QoS, header compression, AutoQoS, Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP), and weighted random early detection (WRED).
•Cisco IOS Security Command Reference
Access control lists (ACLs); authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA); firewalls; IP security and encryption; neighbor router authentication; network access security; network data encryption with router authentication; public key infrastructure (PKI); RADIUS; TACACS+; terminal access security; and traffic filters.
•Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing the Data Plane
Access Control Lists (ACLs); Firewalls: Context-Based Access Control (CBAC) and Zone-Based Firewall; Cisco IOS Intrusion Prevention System (IPS); Flexible Packet Matching; Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF); Threat Information Distribution Protocol (TIDP) and TMS.
•Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing the Control Plane
Control Plane Policing, Neighborhood Router Authentication.
•Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Securing User Services
AAA (includes 802.1x authentication and Network Admission Control [NAC]); Security Server Protocols (RADIUS and TACACS+); Secure Shell (SSH); Secure Access for Networking Devices (includes Autosecure and Role-Based CLI access); Lawful Intercept.
•Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide: Secure Connectivity
Internet Key Exchange (IKE) for IPsec VPNs; IPsec Data Plane features; IPsec Management features; Public Key Infrastructure (PKI); Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN); Easy VPN; Cisco Group Encrypted Transport VPN (GETVPN); SSL VPN.
•Cisco IOS Service Advertisement Framework Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Service Advertisement Framework Command Reference
Cisco Service Advertisement Framework.
•Cisco IOS Service Selection Gateway Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Service Selection Gateway Command Reference
Subscriber authentication, service access, and accounting.
•Cisco IOS Software Activation Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Software Activation Command Reference
An orchestrated collection of processes and components to activate Cisco IOS software feature sets by obtaining and validating Cisco software licenses.
•Cisco IOS Software Modularity Installation and Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Software Modularity Command Reference
Installation and basic configuration of software modularity images, including installations on single and dual route processors, installation rollbacks, software modularity binding, software modularity processes, and patches.
•Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Terminal Services Command Reference
DEC, local-area transport (LAT), and X.25 packet assembler/disassembler (PAD).
•Cisco IOS Virtual Switch Command Reference
Virtual switch redundancy, high availability, and packet handling; converting between standalone and virtual switch modes; virtual switch link (VSL); Virtual Switch Link Protocol (VSLP).
Note For information about virtual switch configuration, see the product-specific software configuration information for the Cisco Catalyst 6500 series switch or for the Metro Ethernet 6500 series switch.
•Cisco IOS Voice Configuration Library
•Cisco IOS Voice Command Reference
Cisco IOS support for voice call control protocols, interoperability, physical and virtual interface management, and troubleshooting. The library includes documentation for IP telephony applications.
•Cisco IOS VPDN Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS VPDN Command Reference
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) dial-out load balancing and redundancy; L2TP extended failover; L2TP security VPDN; multihop by Dialed Number Identification Service (DNIS); timer and retry enhancements for L2TP and Layer 2 Forwarding (L2F); RADIUS Attribute 82 (tunnel assignment ID); shell-based authentication of VPDN users; tunnel authentication via RADIUS on tunnel terminator.
•Cisco IOS Wide-Area Networking Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Wide-Area Networking Command Reference
Frame Relay; Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3); L2VPN Pseudowire Redundancy; L2VPN Interworking; Layer 2 Local Switching; Link Access Procedure, Balanced (LAPB); and X.25.
•Cisco IOS Wireless LAN Configuration Guide
•Cisco IOS Wireless LAN Command Reference
Broadcast key rotation, IEEE 802.11x support, IEEE 802.1x authenticator, IEEE 802.1x local authentication service for Extensible Authentication Protocol-Flexible Authentication via Secure Tunneling (EAP-FAST), Multiple Basic Service Set ID (BSSID), Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) required elements, and Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA).
Table 2 lists documents and resources that supplement the Cisco IOS software configuration guides and command references.
Table 2 Cisco IOS Supplementary Documents and Resources
Document Title or Resource Description
Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases
Alphabetical list of all the commands documented in all Cisco IOS releases.
Cisco IOS New, Modified, Removed, and Replaced Commands
List of all the new, modified, removed, and replaced commands for a Cisco IOS release.
Cisco IOS System Message Guide
List of Cisco IOS system messages and descriptions. System messages may indicate problems with your system, may be informational only, or may help diagnose problems with communications lines, internal hardware, or system software.
Cisco IOS Debug Command Reference
Alphabetical list of debug commands including brief descriptions of use, command syntax, and usage guidelines.
Release Notes and Caveats
Information about new and changed features, system requirements, and other useful information about specific software releases; information about defects in specific Cisco IOS software releases.
Files used for network monitoring. To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator.
Standards documents maintained by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) that Cisco IOS documentation references where applicable. The full text of referenced RFCs may be obtained at the following URL:
Additional Resources and Documentation Feedback
What's New in Cisco Product Documentation is released monthly and describes all new and revised Cisco technical documentation. The What's New in Cisco Product Documentation publication also provides information about obtaining the following resources:
•Cisco product security overview
•Product alerts and field notices
Cisco IOS technical documentation includes embedded feedback forms where you can rate documents and provide suggestions for improvement. Your feedback helps us improve our documentation.
Cisco and the Cisco Logo are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. A listing of Cisco's trademarks can be found at www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1005R)
Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.
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