IKE Responder-Only Mode
IKE Responder-Only Mode
Last Updated: July 16, 2012
The IKE Responder-Only Mode feature provides support for controlling the initiation of Internet Key Exchange (IKE) negotiation and rekeying. When a device is configured as a responder-only device, it will not initiate IKE main, aggressive, or quick modes (for IKE and IP security [IPsec] security association [SA] establishment) nor will it rekey IKE and IPsec SAs. The device will respond to any negotiations initiated by its peers.
Finding Feature Information
Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the Feature Information Table at the end of this document.
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Prerequisites for IKE Responder-Only Mode
Information About IKE Responder-Only Mode
Benefits of the IKE Responder-Only Mode Feature
Since the advent of virtual private network (VPN) features that allow simultaneous bidirectional IKE negotiations (with or without interesting traffic), issues with the handling and recovery of data from duplicate IKE SAs have occurred. IKE as a protocol has no ability to compare IKE negotiations to determine whether there is already an existing or in-process negotiation between two peers taking place. These duplicate negotiations can be costly in terms of resources and confusing to router administrators. When a device is configured as a responder-only device, it will not initiate IKE main, aggressive, or quick modes (for IKE and IPsec SA establishment), nor will it rekey IKE and IPsec SAs, thus the likelihood of duplicate SAs is reduced.
The other benefit of this feature is to allow controlled support for negotiating connections in one direction only in a load-balancing scenario. It is not recommended that the servers or hubs initiate VPN connections toward the clients or spokes because these devices are all being accessed by a single-facing IP address as advertised via the load balancer. If the hubs were to initiate the connection, they would be doing so using an individual IP address, thus circumventing the benefits of the load balancer. The same is true of rekeying requests being sourced from the hubs or servers behind the load balancer.
This feature is particularly relevant in static virtual interfaces where events such as routing protocol convergence can generate simultaneous tunnel negotiations.
How to Configure IKE Responder-Only Mode
Configuring a Device As IKE Responder-Only
Configuration Examples for IKE Responder-Only Mode
Feature Information for IKE Responder-Only Mode
The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.
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