Технологии коммутируемого доступа в сеть : "Технология ISDN, CAS"

Резервное запараллеливание через сеть ISDN

20 октября 2016 - Машинный перевод
Другие версии: PDF-версия:pdf | Английский (22 августа 2015) | Отзыв


Содержание


Введение

Данный документ объясняет принципы и содержит пример настройки резервного запараллеливания через сеть ISDN. Эта конфигурация использует метод резервирования интерфейса, чтобы распознать сбой первичного канала. Для получения дополнительной информации о резервной копии посмотрите Резервирование DDR Устранения проблем и Настройка.

В соединённых мостом средах глобальной сети (WAN) единственное доступное решение по резервированию технологии DDR является использованием ISDN, поскольку соединяющий по асинксу не поддерживается.

Знайте, что мостовое соединение на ISDN - подключении имеет тенденцию поддерживать соединение активным в течение многих очень длительных времен, если не постоянно. Если телефонная компания (Telco (телефонная компания)) взимает за ISDN на основе времени соединения и последовательного соединения, которое отслежено, не работает в течение очень долгого времени, это может привести к очень большому счету.

Примечание: Данная конфигурация предназначается для одного сайта и одного канала B. Для нескольких каналов B необходимо использовать профили DDR. (См. Профили DDR Настройки для Мостового соединения Конфигурации ISDN использования.)

Для получения информации о конфигурации мостов в нерезервной среде посмотрите Мост через соединение ISDN.

Предварительные условия

Требования

Прежде чем использовать эту конфигурацию, убедитесь, что выполняются следующие требования:

  • Располагает основными данными ISDN.

Используемые компоненты

Сведения, содержащиеся в данном документе, касаются следующих версий программного обеспечения и оборудования:

  • Маршрутизаторы Cisco серии 2500 с одним последовательным интерфейсом глобальной сети (WAN) и одним интерфейсом BRI каждый.

  • Cisco выпуск ПО IOS� 12.2 (7b).

Примечание: Эта конфигурация может использоваться любым маршрутизатором, имеющим серийную связь WAN и порт BRI.

Сведения, представленные в этом документе, были получены от устройств, работающих в специальной лабораторной среде. Все устройства, описанные в этом документе, были запущены с чистой (стандартной) конфигурацией. В рабочей сети необходимо изучить потенциальное воздействие всех команд до их использования.

Родственные продукты

Данная конфигурация может использоваться любыми двумя маршрутизаторами, которые работают под управлением программного обеспечения Cisco IOS и у каждого из которых имеется хотя бы один последовательный WAN-интерфейс и один BRI-интерфейс.

Условные обозначения

Дополнительные сведения об условных обозначениях в документах см. Cisco Technical Tips Conventions.

Настройка

В этом разделе содержатся сведения о настройке функций, описанных в этом документе.

Примечание: Поиск дополнительной информации о командах в данном документе можно выполнить с помощью средства "Command Lookup" (Поиск команд) (только для зарегистрированных клиентов).

Схема сети

В настоящем документе используется следующая схема сети:

/image/gif/paws/10371/bridging.gif

Конфигурации

Эти конфигурации используются в данном документе:

Маршрутизатор 1
!
hostname ROUTER1
!
!
username ROUTER2 password 0 same

!--- This is required for PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
!--- (CHAP) authentication during dial backup.

!
!
isdn switch-type basic-5ess

!--- The ISDN switch type for this circuit. 
!--- Obtain this information from the Telco.
!--- This ISDN switch type is specific to the United States,
!--- and could change based on the requirements of the country and Telco.

!
interface Ethernet0
 ip address 172.16.55.33 255.255.255.240
 no ip directed-broadcast
 no ip mroute-cache
 bridge-group 1  

!--- Assign this interface to bridge-group 1.
!--- Frames are bridged only among interfaces in the same group.
!--- Note that the BRI interface and serial interface are also 
!--- in this bridge-group 1.

!
interface Serial0
 description Serial link to ROUTER2
 backup interface BRI0 

!--- This defines the backup interface. 
!--- Cisco IOS Software tracks the Serial0 interface, and
!--- uses BRI0 if Serial0 fails.

 ip address 172.16.54.1 255.255.255.0
 no ip directed-broadcast
 no ip mroute-cache
 no fair-queue
 bridge-group 1  

!--- Enable bridging on Serial0 for normal operation. 

!
interface BRI0
 description ISDN to ROUTER2
 ip address 172.16.53.19 255.255.255.240
 no ip directed-broadcast
 encapsulation ppp
 no ip mroute-cache
 dialer map bridge name ROUTER2 broadcast 5552000 

!--- The broadcast keyword is required to initiate the ISDN call.
!--- Dialer map bridge to the remote router. The statement includes
!--- the name of the remote router and the phone number to be dialed.
!--- Note that this dialer map statement includes the keyword bridge,
!--- and does not include the IP address of the peer, as required for
!--- IP routing-based dialer maps.

 dialer-group 1 

!--- Defines the interesting traffic as configured in the dialer-list.

 isdn switch-type basic-5ess 

!--- Check with your Telco for the correct values.

 ppp authentication chap
bridge-group 1 

!--- Enable bridging on BRI0.

!
dialer-list 1 protocol bridge permit 

!--- Defines the interesting traffic. In this case, all bridged traffic.

bridge 1 protocol ieee

!--- Defines the type of Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) used for the
!--- interface in bridge-group 1. Here, the IEEE STP is used.
!--- The IEEE 802.1D STP is the preferred way to run the bridge.

!

Router-2
hostname router2
!
!
username ROUTER1 password 0 same 

!--- Required for PPP CHAP Authentication during dial backup.

!
isdn switch-type basic-5ess 

!--- Check with your Telco at the Router2 side for the correct values.   

!
interface Ethernet0
 ip address 172.16.55.2 255.255.255.240
 bridge-group 1 

!--- Enable bridging on Ethernet0.

!
interface Serial0
 description Serial link to ROUTER1 

!--- The backup interface bri0 command is not required on this side,
!--- because it is sufficient if one side tracks the serial interface.

 ip address 172.16.54.2 255.255.255.0 
 no fair-queue
 bridge-group 1 

!--- Enable bridging on Serial0 for normal operation.

interface BRI0
 description ISDN to ROUTER1
 ip address 172.16.53.17 255.255.255.240
 encapsulation ppp 
 no ip mroute-cache
 dialer map bridge name ROUTER1 broadcast 5551000 

!--- The broadcast keyword is required to initiate the ISDN call.

 dialer-group 1 

!--- Defines the interesting traffic as configured in the dialer-list.

 isdn switch-type basic-5ess 

!--- Check with your Telco at the Router2 side for the correct values.

 ppp authentication chap 
 bridge-group 1 

!--- Enable bridging on BRI0.

!
dialer-list 1 protocol bridge permit 

!--- Defines the interesting traffic. In this case, all bridged traffic.

bridge 1 protocol ieee

!--- Defines the type of STP used for the interface in 
!--- bridge-group 1. Here the IEEE STP is used. 
!--- The IEEE 802.1D STP is the preferred way to run the bridge.

!

Проверка

В данном разделе содержатся сведения о проверке работы конфигурации.

Некоторые команды show поддерживаются Средством интерпретации выходных данных(только зарегистрированные клиенты), которое позволяет просматривать аналитику выходных данных команды show.

  • show isdn status Уровень 1 (L1), Уровень 2 (L2) и Уровень 3 (L3) статус интерфейсов ISDN.

  • show dialer — отображает статус номеронабирателя и индивидуальное состояние каналов ISDN.

  • show bridge отображение классов записей в базе данных пересылки моста.

  • show interface статус различных интерфейсов, таких как сериал и интерфейсы BRI.

  • show spanning-tree топологию связующего дерева, известную маршрутизатору.

команды show на маршрутизаторе ROUTER1, когда включен режим Serial0

ROUTER1# show isdn status
   Global ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
   ISDN BRI0 interface
   dsl 0, interface ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
   Layer 1 Status:
   DEACTIVATED
   Layer 2 Status:
   Layer 2 NOT Activated
   Layer 3 Status:
   0 Active Layer 3 Call(s)
   Activated dsl 0 CCBs = 0
   The Free Channel Mask: 0x80000003
   Number of L2 Discards = 36, L2D_Task Discards = 35
   Total Allocated ISDN CCBs = 0

ROUTER1# show dialer

BRI0 - dialer type = ISDN

Dial String Successes Failures Last DNIS Last status
   5552000 29 977 00:45:08 successful
   0 incoming call(s) have been screened.
   0 incoming call(s) rejected for callback.

BRI0:1 - dialer type = ISDN
   Idle timer (120 secs), Fast idle timer (20 secs)
   Wait for carrier (30 secs), Re-enable (15 secs)
   Dialer state is shutdown

BRI0:2 - dialer type = ISDN
   Idle timer (120 secs), Fast idle timer (20 secs)
   Wait for carrier (30 secs), Re-enable (15 secs)
   Dialer state is shutdown

ROUTER1# show bridge

Total of 300 station blocks, 298 free
   Codes: P - permanent, S - self

Bridge Group 1:

 Address Action Interface Age RX count TX count
   0000.0c76.2882 forward Serial0 0 5 4

!--- Bridging traffic goes through Serial0.

   00d0.58ad.ae13 forward Ethernet0 0 42 5

команды show на маршрутизаторе ROUTER1, когда отключен порт Serial0

ROUTER1# show isdn status
   Global ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
   ISDN BRI0 interface
   dsl 0, interface ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
   Layer 1 Status:
   ACTIVE
   Layer 2 Status:
   TEI = 114, Ces = 1, SAPI = 0, State = MULTIPLE_FRAME_ESTABLISHED

   !--- ISDN L1 and L2 will be up (when Serial0 fails)
   !--- even if interesting traffic is not present.

   Layer 3 Status:
   1 Active Layer 3 Call(s)
   Activated dsl 0 CCBs = 1
   CCB:callid=8484, sapi=0, ces=1, B-chan=1, calltype=DATA
   The Free Channel Mask: 0x80000002
   Total Allocated ISDN CCBs = 1

ROUTER1# show dialer

BRI0 - dialer type = ISDN

Dial String Successes Failures Last DNIS Last status
   5552000 30 977 00:00:16 successful
   0 incoming call(s) have been screened.
   0 incoming call(s) rejected for callback.

BRI0:1 - dialer type = ISDN
   Idle timer (120 secs), Fast idle timer (20 secs)
   Wait for carrier (30 secs), Re-enable (15 secs)
   Dialer state is data link layer up
   Dial reason: bridge (0xFFFF)
   Time until disconnect 106 secs
   Connected to 5552000 (ROUTER2)

BRI0:2 - dialer type = ISDN
   Idle timer (120 secs), Fast idle timer (20 secs)
   Wait for carrier (30 secs), Re-enable (15 secs)
   Dialer state is idle
   
ROUTER1# show bridge

Total of 300 station blocks, 298 free
   Codes: P - permanent, S - self

Bridge Group 1:

 Address Action Interface Age RX count TX count
   0000.0c76.2882 forward BRI0 0 5 4	

!--- Bridging traffic now goes through BRI0.

   00d0.58ad.ae13 forward Ethernet0 0 5 5

Устранение неполадок

В этом разделе описывается процесс устранения неполадок конфигурации.

Ресурсы для устранения неполадок

Используйте эти ресурсы как требуется:

Команды для устранения неполадок

Некоторые команды show поддерживаются Средством интерпретации выходных данных(только зарегистрированные клиенты), которое позволяет просматривать аналитику выходных данных команды show.

Примечание: Прежде чем применять команды отладки, ознакомьтесь с разделом "Важные сведения о командах отладки".

  • debug dialer — предоставляет сведения о событиях интерфейса номеронабирателя.

  • debug isdn event — отображает сообщения отладки, отнесенные к активности ISDN, которая происходит на стороне пользователя интерфейса ISDN.

  • debug isdn q931 об установке и разрыве вызова сетевых подключений ISDN (L3) между локальным маршрутизатором (на стороне пользователя) и сетью.

  • debug isdn q921 сообщения отладки, отнесенные к процедурам доступа канального уровня (L2), которые имеют место в маршрутизаторе на Канале D (LAPD) его интерфейса ISDN.

  • debug ppp negotiation — отображает сообщения отладки, отнесенные к параметрам Протокола управления сетью (NCP) и согласованию параметров PPP.

  • debug ppp authenticaion — Отображает сообщения отладки, отнесенные к обмену пакетами Протокола аутентификации пароля (PAP) и CHAP.

вывод данных отладки на ROUTER1, когда Serial0 выключается и ISDN перехватывает вызов

ROUTER1# show debug
   Dial on demand:
   Dial on demand events debugging is on
   PPP:
   PPP authentication debugging is on
   PPP protocol negotiation debugging is on
   ISDN:
   ISDN events debugging is on
   ISDN Q921 packets debugging is on
   ISDN Q931 packets debugging is on

ROUTER1#

!--- Interface serial0 goes down.

ROUTER1#
00:56:53: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0, changed state to down
*Mar  1 00:56:53.103: ISDN BR0 EVENT: isdn_sw_cstate: State = 0,
 Old State = 6
00:56:53: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:1, changed state to down
*Mar  1 00:56:53.107: BR0:1 LCP: State is Closed
*Mar  1 00:56:53.111: BR0:1 DDR: disconnecting call
00:56:53: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:2, changed state to down
*Mar  1 00:56:53.119: BR0:2 LCP: State is Closed
*Mar  1 00:56:53.119: BR0:2 DDR: disconnecting call
*Mar  1 00:56:53.127: ISDN BR0 EVENT: isdn_sw_cstate: State = 4,
 Old State = 6
*Mar  1 00:56:53.135: ISDN BR0 EVENT: isdn_sw_cstate: State = 4,
 Old State = 6
*Mar  1 00:56:53.567: ISDN BR0: RX <- IDCKRQ ri=0 ai=127
*Mar  1 00:56:53.567: ISDN Recvd L1 prim 3 dsl 0 state 3 ctrl_state 0
*Mar  1 00:56:53.571: ISDN BR0: L1 persistent Deactivated
*Mar  1 00:56:53.571: ISDN Recvd L1 prim 7 dsl 0 state 3 ctrl_state 0
*Mar  1 00:56:53.575: ISDN BR0: Recvd MPH_IIC_IND from L1
*Mar  1 00:56:53.575: ISDN Recvd L1 prim 7 dsl 0 state 3 ctrl_state 0
*Mar  1 00:56:53.579: ISDN BR0: Recvd MPH_IIC_IND from L1
*Mar  1 00:56:53.579: ISDN Recvd L1 prim 1 dsl 0 state 3 ctrl_state 0
*Mar  1 00:56:53.583: ISDN BR0: L1 is IF_ACTIVE
*Mar  1 00:56:53.583: ISDN BR0 EVENT: isdn_sw_cstate: State = 4,
 Old State = 6
*Mar  1 00:56:53.587: ISDN BR0: L2-TERM: ces/tei=1/0
 AWAIT_ESTABLISH->TERM_DOWN
*Mar  1 00:56:53.591: ISDN BR0: Incoming call id = 0x0010, dsl 0
*Mar  1 00:56:53.595: ISDN BR0: L2-TERM: ces/tei=1/0
 TERM_DOWN->AWAIT_ESTABLISH
00:56:53: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0, changed state to up
*Mar  1 00:56:53.631: ISDN BR0 EVENT: isdn_sw_cstate: State = 4,
 Old State = 6
*Mar  1 00:56:53.655: ISDN BR0: TX -> IDREQ ri=48769 ai=127
00:56:54: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: 
Line protocol on Interface Serial0, changed state to down
*Mar  1 00:56:54.387: ISDN BR0: RX <- IDCKRQ ri=0 ai=127
*Mar  1 00:56:55.655: ISDN BR0: TX -> IDREQ ri=42642 ai=127
*Mar  1 00:56:55.699: ISDN BR0: RX <- IDASSN ri=42642 ai=68
*Mar  1 00:56:55.791: ISDN BR0: TX -> SABMEp c/r=0 sapi=0 tei=68
*Mar  1 00:56:55.823: ISDN BR0: RX <- UAf c/r=0 sapi=0 tei=68
00:56:55: %ISDN-6-LAYER2UP: Layer 2 for Interface BR0,
TEI 68 changed to up
*Mar  1 00:56:55.831: ISDN BR0: L2-TERM: ces/tei=1/68 
AWAIT_ESTABLISH->ESTABLISHED

!--- Interesting traffic has not arrived yet from Host1, 
!--- but ISDN L1 and L2 are up now.

ROUTER1# show isdn stat
Global ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
ISDN BRI0 interface
        dsl 0, interface ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
    Layer 1 Status:
        ACTIVE
    Layer 2 Status:
        TEI = 68, Ces = 1, SAPI = 0, State = MULTIPLE_FRAME_ESTABLISHED
        I_Queue_Len 0, UI_Queue_Len 0
    Layer 3 Status:
        0 Active Layer 3 Call(s)
    Active dsl 0 CCBs = 0
    The Free Channel Mask:  0x80000003
    Number of L2 Discards = 0, L2 Session ID = 34
    Total Allocated ISDN CCBs = 0
ROUTER1#
*Mar  1 00:57:25.839: ISDN BR0: TX -> RRp sapi=0 tei=68 nr=0
*Mar  1 00:57:25.871: ISDN BR0: RX <- RRf sapi=0 tei=68 nr=0
ROUTER1#


!--- Interesting traffic arrives now, 
!--- which triggers ISDN Dialup (see below).

*Mar  1 00:57:32.519: BR0 DDR: Dialing cause bridge (0xFFFF)
*Mar  1 00:57:32.519: BR0 DDR: Attempting to dial 5552000
*Mar  1 00:57:32.523: ISDN BR0: Outgoing call id = 0x800E, dsl 0
*Mar  1 00:57:32.527: ISDN BR0: Event: Call to 5552000 at 64 Kb/s
*Mar  1 00:57:32.527: ISDN BR0: process_bri_call(): call id 0x800E, 
called_number 5552000, speed 64, call type DATA
*Mar  1 00:57:32.531: CCBRI_Go Fr Host InPkgInfo (Len=22) :
*Mar  1 00:57:32.535: 1 0 1 80 E 0 4 2 88 90 18 
1 83 2C 7 35 35 35 32 30 30 30
*Mar  1 00:57:32.543:
*Mar  1 00:57:32.547: CC_CHAN_GetIdleChanbri: dsl 0
*Mar  1 00:57:32.547:     Found idle channel B1
*Mar  1 00:57:32.563: ISDN BR0: TX -> INFOc sapi=0 tei=68 ns=0 nr=0 
i=0x08010E05040288901801832C0735353532303030
*Mar  1 00:57:32.583:     SETUP pd = 8  callref = 0x0E
*Mar  1 00:57:32.591:         Bearer Capability i = 0x8890
*Mar  1 00:57:32.599:         Channel ID i = 0x83
*Mar  1 00:57:32.603:         Keypad Facility i = '5552000'
*Mar  1 00:57:32.867: ISDN BR0: RX <- INFOc sapi=0 tei=68 ns=0 nr=1 
i=0x08018E02180189
*Mar  1 00:57:32.875:     CALL_PROC pd = 8  callref = 0x8E
*Mar  1 00:57:32.883:         Channel ID i = 0x89
*Mar  1 00:57:32.899: ISDN BR0: TX -> RRr sapi=0 tei=68 nr=1
*Mar  1 00:57:32.907: CCBRI_Go Fr L3 pkt (Len=7) :
*Mar  1 00:57:32.907: 2 1 E 98 18 1 89
*Mar  1 00:57:32.911:
*Mar  1 00:57:32.915: ISDN BR0: LIF_EVENT: ces/callid 1/0x800E
 HOST_PROCEEDING
*Mar  1 00:57:32.919: ISDN BR0: HOST_PROCEEDING
*Mar  1 00:57:32.919: ISDN BR0: HOST_MORE_INFO
*Mar  1 00:57:33.159: ISDN BR0: RX <- INFOc sapi=0 tei=68 ns=1
 nr=1 i=0x08018E07
*Mar  1 00:57:33.167:     CONNECT pd = 8  callref = 0x8E
*Mar  1 00:57:33.183: ISDN BR0: TX -> RRr sapi=0 tei=68 nr=2
*Mar  1 00:57:33.191: CCBRI_Go Fr L3 pkt (Len=4) :
*Mar  1 00:57:33.191: 7 1 E 91
*Mar  1 00:57:33.195:
*Mar  1 00:57:33.199: ISDN BR0: LIF_EVENT: ces/callid 1/0x800E
 HOST_CONNECT
00:57:33: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:1, changed state to up
*Mar  1 00:57:33.215: ISDN: get_isdn_service_state(): 
idb 0x19F4D8 bchan 2 is_isdn 1 Not a Pri
*Mar  1 00:57:33.215: BR0:1 PPP: Treating connection as a callout
*Mar  1 00:57:33.219: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING,
 Active Open [0 sess, 1 load]
*Mar  1 00:57:33.223: BR0:1 LCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 27 len 15
*Mar  1 00:57:33.227: BR0:1 LCP:    AuthProto CHAP
 (0x0305C22305)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.231: BR0:1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6091A5F6
 (0x05066091A5F6)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.235: ISDN BR0: Event: Connected to 5552000
 on B1 at 64 Kb/s
*Mar  1 00:57:33.247: ISDN BR0: TX -> INFOc sapi=0 tei=68 ns=1 nr=2
 i=0x08010E0F
*Mar  1 00:57:33.251:     CONNECT_ACK pd = 8  callref = 0x0E
*Mar  1 00:57:33.267: BR0:1 LCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 4 len 15
*Mar  1 00:57:33.271: BR0:1 LCP:    AuthProto CHAP
 (0x0305C22305)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.275: BR0:1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6062D6EA
 (0x05066062D6EA)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.279: BR0:1 LCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 4 len 15
*Mar  1 00:57:33.283: BR0:1 LCP:    AuthProto CHAP
 (0x0305C22305)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.287: BR0:1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6062D6EA
 (0x05066062D6EA)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.291: BR0:1 LCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 27 len 15
*Mar  1 00:57:33.291: BR0:1 LCP:    AuthProto CHAP
 (0x0305C22305)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.295: BR0:1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6091A5F6
 (0x05066091A5F6)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.299: BR0:1 LCP: State is Open
*Mar  1 00:57:33.303: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is AUTHENTICATING,
 by both [0 sess, 1 load]
*Mar  1 00:57:33.307: BR0:1 CHAP: O CHALLENGE id 14
 len 28 from "ROUTER1"
*Mar  1 00:57:33.319: BR0:1 CHAP: I CHALLENGE id 4
 len 28 from "ROUTER2"
*Mar  1 00:57:33.327: BR0:1 CHAP: O RESPONSE id 4
 len 28 from "ROUTER1"
*Mar  1 00:57:33.335: ISDN BR0: RX <- RRr sapi=0
 tei=68 nr=2
*Mar  1 00:57:33.351: BR0:1 CHAP: I SUCCESS id 4
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.367: BR0:1 CHAP: I RESPONSE id 14
 len 28 from "ROUTER2"
*Mar  1 00:57:33.371: BR0:1 CHAP: O SUCCESS id 14
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.375: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is UP [0 sess, 0 load]
*Mar  1 00:57:33.379: BR0:1 BNCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 14
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.387: BR0:1 CDPCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 14
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.395: BR0:1 BNCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 4
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.399: BR0:1 BNCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 4
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.403: BR0:1 IPCP: I CONFREQ [Not negotiated] id 4
 len 10
*Mar  1 00:57:33.407: BR0:1 IPCP:    Address 172.16.53.17
 (0x0306AC103511)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.415: BR0:1 LCP: O PROTREJ [Open] id 28
 len 16 protocol IPCP 
(0x80210104000A0306AC103511)
*Mar  1 00:57:33.419: BR0:1 CDPCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 4
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.423: BR0:1 CDPCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 4
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.427: BR0:1 BNCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 14
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.431: BR0:1 BNCP: State is Open
*Mar  1 00:57:33.435: BR0:1 CDPCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 14
 len 4
*Mar  1 00:57:33.439: BR0:1 CDPCP: State is Open
*Mar  1 00:57:33.443: BR0:1 DDR: dialer protocol up
00:57:34: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: 
Line protocol on Interface BRI0:1, changed state to up
00:57:39: %ISDN-6-CONNECT: Interface BRI0:1 is now connected
 to 5552000 ROUTER2
ROUTER1#

ROUTER1# show isdn status
Global ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
ISDN BRI0 interface
        dsl 0, interface ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
    Layer 1 Status:
        ACTIVE
    Layer 2 Status:
        TEI = 68, Ces = 1, SAPI = 0, State = MULTIPLE_FRAME_ESTABLISHED
        I_Queue_Len 0, UI_Queue_Len 0
    Layer 3 Status:
        1 Active Layer 3 Call(s)
        CCB:callid=800E, sapi=0, ces=1, B-chan=1, calltype=DATA
    Active dsl 0 CCBs = 1
    The Free Channel Mask:  0x80000002
    Number of L2 Discards = 0, L2 Session ID = 34
    Total Allocated ISDN CCBs = 1
*Mar  1 00:58:03.343: ISDN BR0: TX -> RRp sapi=0 tei=68 nr=2
*Mar  1 00:58:03.379: ISDN BR0: RX <- RRf sapi=0 tei=68 nr=2pann
ROUTER1# show spanning-tree

 Bridge group 1 is executing the ieee compatible Spanning Tree protocol
   Bridge Identifier has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a9a8
   Configured hello time 2, max age 20, forward delay 15
   Current root has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Root port is 3 (BRI0), cost of root path is 15625
   Topology change flag set, detected flag not set
   Number of topology changes 10 last change occurred 00:01:15 ago
   from Serial0
   Times: hold 1, topology change 35, notification 2
   hello 2, max age 20, forward delay 15
   Timers: hello 0, topology change 0, notification 0, aging 15

 Port 2 (Ethernet0) of Bridge group 1 is forwarding
   Port path cost 100, Port priority 128, Port Identifier 128.2.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a9a8
   Designated port id is 128.2, designated path cost 15625
   Timers: message age 0, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state: 2
   BPDU: sent 751, received 0

 Port 3 (BRI0) of Bridge group 1 is forwarding    

!---  BRI Interface forwards the bridged traffic now.

   Port path cost 15625, Port priority 128, Port Identifier 128.3.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Designated port id is 128.3, designated path cost 0
   Timers: message age 2, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state: 3
   BPDU: sent 1014, received 608

 Port 6 (Serial0) of Bridge group 1 is down
   Port path cost 647, Port priority 128, Port Identifier 128.6.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a9a8
   Designated port id is 128.6, designated path cost 15625
   Timers: message age 0, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state: 1
   BPDU: sent 15, received 27

ROUTER1#
   *Mar 1 00:58:33.387: ISDN BR0: TX -> RRp sapi=0 tei=68 nr=2
   *Mar 1 00:58:33.423: ISDN BR0: RX <- RRf sapi=0 tei=68 nr=2

выполнять отладку вывода на ROUTER1, когда порт Serial0 начнет работу и ISDN отбросит вызов

00:58:37: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0, changed state to up
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.671: BR0:1 DDR: disconnecting call
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.675: BR0:2 DDR: disconnecting call
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.675: ISDN BR0: Event: Hangup call to call id 0x800E
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.679: ISDN BR0: process_disconnect(): call id 0x800E,
    call type is DATA, b_idb 0x19F4D8, ces 1, cause Normal call
   clearing(0x10)
   00:58:37: %ISDN-6-DISCONNECT: Interface BRI0:1 disconnected from
   5552000 ROUTER2, call lasted 64 seconds
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.691: ISDN: get_isdn_service_state(): idb 0x19F4D8
    bchan 2 is_isdn 1 Not a Pri
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.695: CCBRI_Go Fr Host InPkgInfo (Len=13) :
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.699: 5 0 1 80 E 3 8 1 90 8 2 80 90
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.703:
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.719: ISDN BR0: TX -> INFOc sapi=0 tei=68 ns=2 nr=2 
    i=0x08010E4508028090
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.727: DISCONNECT pd = 8 callref = 0x0E
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.735: Cause i = 0x8090 - Normal call clearing
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.743: ISDN BR0 EVENT: isdn_sw_cs!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!tate:
    State = 6, Old State = 4
   00:58:37: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:1, changed state to down
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.751: BR0:1 BNCP: State is Closed
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.755: BR0:1 CDPCP: State is Closed
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.755: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is TERMINATING [0 sess, 1 load]
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.759: BR0:1 LCP: State is Closed
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.763: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is DOWN [0 sess, 1 load]
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.763: BR0:1 DDR: disconnecting call
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.775: ISDN Recvd L1 prim 3 dsl 0 state 1 ctrl_state 0
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.779: ISDN BR0: Physical layer is IF_DOWN
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.783: ISDN BR0: Shutting down ME
   00:58:37: %ISDN-6-LAYER2DOWN: Layer 2 for Interface BRI0,
    TEI 68 changed to down
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.791: ISDN BR0: L2-TERM: ces/tei=1/68
    ESTABLISHED->TERM_DOWN
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.795: ISDN BR0: LIF_EVENT: ces/callid 1/0x800E
    HOST_DISCONNECT_ACK
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.803: ISDN: get_isdn_service_state(): idb 0x19F4D8
    bchan 2 is_isdn 1 Not a Pri
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.807: ISDN BR0: HOST_DISCONNECT_ACK: call type is DATA
   00:58:37: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:1, changed state to down
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.815: BR0:1 LCP: State is Closed
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.815: BR0:1 DDR: disconnecting call
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.819: ISDN BR0: Shutting down ISDN Layer 3
   00:58:37: %ISDN-6-LAYER2DOWN: Layer 2 for Interface BR0,
    TEI 68 changed to down
   00:58:37: %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface BRI0, changed state to standby mode
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.847: ISDN BR0 EVENT: isdn_sw_cstate: State = 6,
   Old State = 4
   00:58:37: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:2, changed state to down
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.855: BR0:2 LCP: State is Closed
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.855: BR0:2 DDR: disconnecting call
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.895: ISDN BR0: Incoming call id = 0x0011, dsl 0
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.895: ISDN BR0: L2-TERM: ces/tei=1/0
    TERM_DOWN->AWAIT_ESTABLISH
   *Mar 1 00:58:37.935: ISDN BR0: Activating
   00:58:38: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0,
   changed state to up
   00:58:38: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface BRI0:1,
   changed state to down
   *Mar 1 00:58:39.939: ISDN BR0: Could not bring up interface
   *Mar 1 00:58:39.943: ISDN BR0: Shutting down ISDN Layer 3
   *Mar 1 00:58:39.963: ISDN BR0: Activating
   *Mar 1 00:58:41.943: ISDN BR0: Could not bring up interface
   *Mar 1 00:58:41.947: ISDN BR0: Shutting down ISDN Layer 3
   *Mar 1 00:58:41.947: ISDN BR0: Activating
   ROUTER1#
   
   ROUTER1# show isdn status
   Global ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
   ISDN BRI0 interface
   dsl 0, interface ISDN Switchtype = basic-5ess
   Layer 1 Status:
   DEACTIVATED
   Layer 2 Status:
   Layer 2 NOT Activated         

!--- ISDN L1 and L2 are back to the deactivated state.

   Layer 3 Status:
   0 Active Layer 3 Call(s)
   Active dsl 0 CCBs = 0
   The Free Channel Mask: 0x80000003
   Number of L2 Discards = 0, L2 Session ID = 39
   Total Allocated ISDN CCBs = 0
   ROUTER1#
   *Mar 1 00:58:49.951: ISDN BR0: Could not bring up interface
   *Mar 1 00:58:49.951: ISDN BR0: Shutting down ISDN Layer 3
   ROUTER1#

ROUTER1# show spanning-tree

 Bridge group 1 is executing the ieee compatible Spanning Tree protocol
   Bridge Identifier has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a9a8
   Configured hello time 2, max age 20, forward delay 15
   Current root has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Root port is 6 (Serial0), cost of root path is 647
   Topology change flag not set, detected flag not set
   Number of topology changes 13 last change occurred 00:28:23 ago
   from Serial0
   Times: hold 1, topology change 35, notification 2
   hello 2, max age 20, forward delay 15
   Timers: hello 0, topology change 0, notification 0, aging 300

 Port 2 (Ethernet0) of Bridge group 1 is forwarding
   Port path cost 100, Port priority 128, Port Identifier 128.2.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a9a8
   Designated port id is 128.2, designated path cost 647
   Timers: message age 0, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state: 2
   BPDU: sent 1633, received 0

 Port 3 (BRI0) of Bridge group 1 is down

!--- BRI0 is in the down state when Serial 0 is up.

   Port path cost 15625, Port priority 128, Port Identifier 128.3.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a9a8
   Designated port id is 128.3, designated path cost 647
   Timers: message age 0, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state: 3
   BPDU: sent 1014, received 622

 Port 6 (Serial0) of Bridge group 1 is forwarding 

!--- Serial0 forwards the bridged traffic now.

   Port path cost 647, Port priority 128, Port Identifier 128.6.
   Designated root has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Designated bridge has priority 32768, address 0060.5cf4.a955
   Designated port id is 128.6, designated path cost 0
   Timers: message age 1, forward delay 0, hold 0
   Number of transitions to forwarding state: 2
   BPDU: sent 18, received 896
ROUTER1#

Дополнительные сведения


Document ID: 10371