セキュリティ : Cisco E メール セキュリティ アプライアンス

ESA が Received ヘッダーを送信電子メール メッセージへ追加するのを停止する方法について

2015 年 11 月 26 日 - 機械翻訳について
その他のバージョン: PDFpdf | 英語版 (2015 年 8 月 22 日) | フィードバック

概要

このドキュメントでは、E メール セキュリティ アプライアンス(ESA)で処理される電子メールの送信メール ヘッダーに、内部 IP アドレスまたはホスト名が表示されないようにし、保護する方法について説明します。

著者:Cisco TAC エンジニア、John Yu、Robert Sherwin

ESA が Received ヘッダーを送信電子メール メッセージへ追加するのを停止する方法について

リスナーは、メッセージが ESA で処理される前に、各メッセージに「Received」ヘッダーを追加することでリレーする電子メールを変更します。 Received ヘッダーを無効にすると、インフラストラクチャの外部に送信されるすべてのメッセージで内部サーバの IP アドレスまたはホスト名が表示されてネットワーク トポロジが公開されることを防ぐことができます。

次の例で、すべての送信メールに対する Received ヘッダーの追加を無効にする方法を示します。

myesa.local> listenerconfig


Currently configured listeners:
1. InboundMail (on Management, 172.16.6.165) SMTP TCP Port 25 Public

Choose the operation you want to perform:
- NEW - Create a new listener.
- EDIT - Modify a listener.
- DELETE - Remove a listener.
- SETUP - Change global settings.
[]> edit

Enter the name or number of the listener you wish to edit.
[]> 1

Name: InboundMail
Type: Public
Interface: Management (172.16.6.165/24) TCP Port 25
Protocol: SMTP
Default Domain: <none configured>
Max Concurrent Connections: 50 (TCP Queue: 50)
Domain Map: Disabled
TLS: No
SMTP Authentication: Disabled
Bounce Profile: Default
Use SenderBase For Reputation Filters and IP Profiling: Yes
Footer: None
Heading: None
SMTP Call-Ahead: Disabled
LDAP: Off


Choose the operation you want to perform:
- NAME - Change the name of the listener.
- INTERFACE - Change the interface.
- CERTIFICATE - Choose the certificate.
- LIMITS - Change the injection limits.
- SETUP - Configure general options.
- HOSTACCESS - Modify the Host Access Table.
- RCPTACCESS - Modify the Recipient Access Table.
- BOUNCECONFIG - Choose the bounce profile to use for messages injected
on this listener.
- MASQUERADE - Configure the Domain Masquerading Table.
- DOMAINMAP - Configure domain mappings.
[]> setup


Listener InboundMail Options

Default Domain: <none configured>
Add "Received:" Header: Yes
Clean messages of bare CR/LF: Yes
Enable SenderBase Reputation Filters and IP Profiling: Yes
SenderBase query timeout: 5
SenderBase per-connection timeout: 20
Footer Attachment: <none configured>
Heading Attachment: <none configured>
Address Parser Type: Loose

Choose the operation you want to perform:
- DEFAULTDOMAIN - Configure a default domain name.
- RECEIVED - Set whether or not a Received: header is added.
- CLEANSMTP - Set whether or not to repair bare CR and LF in messages.
- SENDERBASE - Set SenderBase options.
- FOOTER - Configure to add a footer to every message.
- HEADING - Configure to add a heading to every message.
- ADDRESS - Configure email address restrictions.
[]> received

Would you like the system to add a "Received:" header to each message received
on this listener? [Y]> n



Listener InboundMail Options

Default Domain: <none configured>
Add "Received:" Header: No
Clean messages of bare CR/LF: Yes
Enable SenderBase Reputation Filters and IP Profiling: Yes
SenderBase query timeout: 5
SenderBase per-connection timeout: 20
Footer Attachment: <none configured>
Heading Attachment: <none configured>
Address Parser Type: Loose

Choose the operation you want to perform:
- DEFAULTDOMAIN - Configure a default domain name.
- RECEIVED - Set whether or not a Received: header is added.
- CLEANSMTP - Set whether or not to repair bare CR and LF in messages.
- SENDERBASE - Set SenderBase options.
- FOOTER - Configure to add a footer to every message.
- HEADING - Configure to add a heading to every message.
- ADDRESS - Configure email address restrictions.
[]>

Name: InboundMail
Type: Public
Interface: Management (172.16.6.165/24) TCP Port 25
Protocol: SMTP
Default Domain: <none configured>
Max Concurrent Connections: 50 (TCP Queue: 50)
Domain Map: Disabled
TLS: No
SMTP Authentication: Disabled
Bounce Profile: Default
Use SenderBase For Reputation Filters and IP Profiling: Yes
Footer: None
Heading: None
SMTP Call-Ahead: Disabled
LDAP: Off


Choose the operation you want to perform:
- NAME - Change the name of the listener.
- INTERFACE - Change the interface.
- CERTIFICATE - Choose the certificate.
- LIMITS - Change the injection limits.
- SETUP - Configure general options.
- HOSTACCESS - Modify the Host Access Table.
- RCPTACCESS - Modify the Recipient Access Table.
- BOUNCECONFIG - Choose the bounce profile to use for messages injected
on this listener.
- MASQUERADE - Configure the Domain Masquerading Table.
- DOMAINMAP - Configure domain mappings.
[]>


Currently configured listeners:
1. InboundMail (on Management, 172.16.6.165) SMTP TCP Port 25 Public

Choose the operation you want to perform:
- NEW - Create a new listener.
- EDIT - Modify a listener.
- DELETE - Remove a listener.
- SETUP - Change global settings.
[]>

myesa.local> commit

Please enter some comments describing your changes:
[]> listenerconfig, removed received header configuration

Do you want to save the current configuration for rollback? [Y]>

確認

以下で強調されているように、送信またはリレー メッセージの処理中、ESA でメッセージ処理が完了する前に、ファースト ホップの「Received」ヘッダーが、メッセージの完全なメール ヘッダーに挿入されたことがわかります。

X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Filtered: true
X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Result: Ap8BAHDK41OsEAYB/2dsb2JhbAANTbIvAwaBD4YIlyGJE4UaISJ
DAlyIegGtOoJpjVAKGYEahREXhXyJbYMZgRwBBJILihCHTZEW
X-IPAS-Result: Ap8BAHDK41OsEAYB/2dsb2JhbAANTbIvAwaBD4YIlyGJE4UaISJDAlyIegGtOoJpj
VAKGYEahREXhXyJbYMZgRwBBJILihCHTZEW
X-IronPort-AV: E=Sophos;i="5.01,819,1400040000";
d="scan'208";a="215"
Received: from unknown (HELO [172.16.6.1]) ([172.16.6.1]) by myesa_2.local
with ESMTP; 07 Aug 2014 14:54:46 -0400

From: End User <end_user@domain.com>
Subject: HELLO - received header [BEFORE listenerconfig]
Message-ID: <C78097B1-BD05-48BE-902C-9D692D344D5B@gmail.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Aug 2014 14:54:50 -0400
To: <end_recipient@domain.com>
MIME-Version: 1.0 (Mac OS X Mail 7.3 \(1878.6\))
X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.1878.6)
Return-Path: end_user@domain.com
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthSource: xxx-yyy-000.domain.com
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthAs: Internal
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthMechanism: 10
Content-type: text/plain;
charset="US-ASCII"
Content-transfer-encoding: 7bit

BEFORE listenerconfig

「Received」ヘッダーを追加しないようにリスナー レベルで設定すると、メッセージの完全なメール ヘッダーに表示されなくなります。

X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Filtered: true
X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Result: Ap8BAAnM41OsEAYB/2dsb2JhbAANTbIwAwaBD4YIlyGJFIUaISJ
DAlw6iEABrT2CaY1SChmBGoURF4V8jQaBHAWSC4oQmGM
X-IPAS-Result: Ap8BAAnM41OsEAYB/2dsb2JhbAANTbIwAwaBD4YIlyGJFIUaISJDAlw6iEABrT2Ca
Y1SChmBGoURF4V8jQaBHAWSC4oQmGM
X-IronPort-AV: E=Sophos;i="5.01,819,1400040000";
d="scan'208";a="216"
From: End User <end_user@domain.com>
Subject: HELLO - received header [AFTER listenerconfig]
Message-ID: <F1AEEE6E-BB0A-42BF-9FD0-775AAF25ACAC@gmail.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Aug 2014 14:58:36 -0400
To: "End User (end_recipient)" <end_recipient@domain.com>
MIME-Version: 1.0 (Mac OS X Mail 7.3 \(1878.6\))
X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.1878.6)
Return-Path: end_user@domain.com
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthSource: xxx-yyy-000.domain.com
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthAs: Internal
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthMechanism: 10
Content-type: text/plain;
charset="US-ASCII"
Content-transfer-encoding: 7bit

AFTER listenerconfig

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Document ID: 118235