拨号和接入 : 按需拨号路由 (DDR)

用浮动静态路由配置 ISDN 备份

2016 年 10 月 24 日 - 机器翻译
其他版本: PDFpdf | 英语 (2015 年 8 月 22 日) | 反馈


目录


简介

本文档为使用浮动静态路由实现 ISDN 备份提供了配置示例,并为这类配置提供基本的故障排除信息。

要获得关于最常见的ISDN备份的实施的信息,以及它们之间的比较,请参见以下文件:Backup Interface、浮动静态路由和拨号程序监视DDR备份。

先决条件

要求

本文档没有任何特定的要求。

使用的组件

本文档中的信息基于以下软件和硬件版本。

  • 运行Cisco IOSï ¿  ½软件版本12.2(3)和12.2(5)的两Cisco 2500路由器

本文档中的信息都是基于特定实验室环境中的设备创建的。本文档中使用的所有设备最初均采用原始(默认)配置。如果您是在真实网络上操作,请确保您在使用任何命令前已经了解其潜在影响。

规则

有关文档规则的详细信息,请参阅 Cisco 技术提示规则

配置

本部分提供有关如何配置本文档所述功能的信息。

注意: 要查找有关本文档中所使用命令的其他信息,请使用命令查询工具仅限注册用户)。

网络图

本文档使用下图所示的网络设置。

/image/gif/paws/12497/diagram.gif

配置

本文档使用如下所示的配置。

krimson (Cisco 2500 路由器)
krimson#show running-config
 Building configuration...

 !
 version 12.2
 service timestamps debug datetime msec
 service timestamps log datetime msec
 !
 hostname krimson
 !
 username kevin password 0 <password>
 !
 isdn switch-type basic-net3
 !
 !
 interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.7.7.1 255.255.255.0
 !
 interface Serial0
 ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0
 !
 interface BRI0
 no ip address
 encapsulation ppp
 no ip route-cache
 no ip mroute-cache
 load-interval 30
 dialer pool-member 1
 isdn switch-type basic-net3
 no fair-queue
 no cdp enable
 ppp authentication chap
 !
 interface Dialer0
 ip address 10.9.9.1 255.255.255.0
 encapsulation ppp
 no ip route-cache
 no ip mroute-cache
 dialer pool 1
 dialer remote-name kevin


 dialer string 8114
 dialer-group 1
 no cdp enable
 ppp authentication chap
 !
 ip classless
 ip route 10.8.8.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.2.2
 ip route 10.8.8.0 255.255.255.0 10.9.9.2 180
 no ip http server
 !
 dialer-list 1 protocol ip permit
 !
 !
 line con 0
 exec-timeout 0 0
 line aux 0
 line vty 0 4
 exec-timeout 0 0
 password <password> login
 !
 end

kevin(Cisco 2500 路由器)
kevin#show running-config
 Building configuration...

 Current configuration : 1205 bytes
 !
 version 12.2
 service timestamps debug datetime msec
 service timestamps log datetime msec
 no service password-encryption
 !
 hostname kevin
 !
 username krimson password 0 <password>
 !
 isdn switch-type basic-net3
 !
 !
 !
 interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.8.8.1 255.255.255.0
 !
 interface Serial0
 ip address 10.1.2.2 255.255.255.0
 clockrate 2000000
 !
 interface Serial1
 no ip address
 shutdown
 !
 interface BRI0
 no ip address
 encapsulation ppp
 dialer pool-member 1
 isdn switch-type basic-net3
 no cdp enable
 ppp authentication chap
 !
 interface Dialer0
 ip address 10.9.9.2 255.255.255.0
 encapsulation ppp
 dialer pool 1
 dialer remote-name krimson
 dialer string 8113
 dialer-group 1
 no cdp enable
 ppp authentication chap
 !
 !
 dialer-list 1 protocol ip permit
 !
 !
 line con 0
 exec-timeout 0 0
 line aux 0
 line vty 0 4
 exec-timeout 0 0
 password <password> login
 !
 end

验证

本部分所提供的信息可用于确认您的配置是否正常工作。

命令输出解释程序工具(仅限注册用户)支持某些 show 命令,使用此工具可以查看对 show 命令输出的分析。

  • show ip route - 显示IP 路由表条目。

  • show interfaces - 显示在路由器或接入服务器上配置的所有接口的统计信息。

故障排除

本部分提供的信息可用于对配置进行故障排除。

故障排除命令

命令输出解释程序工具(仅限注册用户)支持某些 show 命令,使用此工具可以查看对 show 命令输出的分析。

注意: 在发出 debug 命令之前,请参阅有关 Debug 命令的重要信息

  • debug isdn q931 - 显示关于呼叫建立及拆线、本地路由器(用户端)和网络之间的ISDN网络连接(第三层)断开的信息。

  • debug isdn events - 显示发生在 ISDN 接口用户端(在路由器上)的 ISDN 事件。这些可以显示的 ISDN 事件是 Q.931 事件(ISDN 网络连接的呼叫建立和断开)。

  • debug dialer - 显示拨号程序接口上数据包或事件的相关调试信息。

  • debug ppp negotiation - 导致debug ppp命令显示PPP启动期间传输的PPP信息包,其中PPP选项需要协商。

  • debug ppp authentication - 致使debug ppp命令显示认证协议消息,包括质询验证协议 (CHAP)信息包交换和密码验证协议(PAP)交换。

故障排除输出示例

在此,我们可以通过在远端的串行接口上使用 shutdownno shutdown 命令来测试备份功能。这会导致相关目标网络中主 IP 路由的消失。

首先让我们看看主接口和 IP 路由表的初始状态:

呼叫端:

   krimson#show interface serial 0
   Serial0 is up, line protocol is up 
   Hardware is HD64570
   Internet address is 10.1.2.1/24
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec, 
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation HDLC, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   Last input 00:00:07, output 00:00:07, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: weighted fair
   Output queue: 0/1000/64/0 (size/max total/threshold/drops) 
   Conversations 0/1/256 (active/max active/max total)
   Reserved Conversations 0/0 (allocated/max allocated)
   Available Bandwidth 1158 kilobits/sec
   5 minute input rate 1000 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   92 packets input, 7599 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 62 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   99 packets output, 8991 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 12 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   4 carrier transitions
   DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up
   
   krimson#show ip route
   Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
   D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
   N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
   E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
   i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter
   area
   * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
   P - periodic downloaded static route

   Gateway of last resort is 10.48.74.1 to network 0.0.0.0

   10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 5 subnets, 2 masks
   C 10.1.2.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0
   S 10.8.8.0/24 [1/0] via 10.1.2.2 
  
 !--- The IP route for the destination network points to the primary link.

   C 10.9.9.0/24 is directly connected, Dialer0
   C 10.7.7.0/24 is directly connected, Loopback0
   C 10.48.74.0/23 is directly connected, Ethernet0
   S* 0.0.0.0/0 [254/0] via 10.48.74.1

被呼叫端:

   kevin#show interface serial 0
   Serial0 is up, line protocol is up 
   Hardware is HD64570
   Internet address is 10.1.2.2/24
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec, 
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation HDLC, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   Last input 00:00:00, output 00:00:08, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: weighted fair
   Output queue: 0/1000/64/0 (size/max total/threshold/drops) 
   Conversations 0/1/256 (active/max active/max total)
   Reserved Conversations 0/0 (allocated/max allocated)
   Available Bandwidth 1158 kilobits/sec
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   106 packets input, 9432 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 71 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   98 packets output, 8016 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 4 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   1 carrier transitions
   DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up
  
   kevin#show ip route
   Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
   D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
   N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
   E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
   i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter
   area
   * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
   P - periodic downloaded static route

   Gateway of last resort is 10.48.74.1 to network 0.0.0.0

   10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 4 subnets, 2 masks
   C 10.1.2.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0
   C 10.9.9.0/24 is directly connected, Dialer0
   C 10.8.8.0/24 is directly connected, Loopback0
   C 10.48.74.0/23 is directly connected, Ethernet0
   S* 0.0.0.0/0 [254/0] via 10.48.74.1
   kevin# 

现在,我们可以通过在远程串行接口上使用 shutdown 命令来模拟链路故障:

   krimson#
   *Mar 4 15:25:18.302: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0, changed state to
   down
   *Mar 4 15:25:19.302: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface
   Serial0, changed state to down

在此,我们可以看到主链路已经断开。

   krimson#show interface serial 0
   Serial0 is down, line protocol is down 
   Hardware is HD64570
   Internet address is 10.1.2.1/24
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec, 
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation HDLC, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   Last input 00:00:22, output 00:00:32, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: weighted fair
   Output queue: 0/1000/64/0 (size/max total/threshold/drops) 
   Conversations 0/1/256 (active/max active/max total)
   Reserved Conversations 0/0 (allocated/max allocated)
   Available Bandwidth 1158 kilobits/sec
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   108 packets input, 8526 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 78 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   114 packets output, 9895 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 12 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   5 carrier transitions
   DCD=down DSR=down DTR=up RTS=up CTS=down
   krimson#

路由表详细信息此时显示路由表中已安装浮动静态路由:

   krimson#show ip route
   Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
   D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
   N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
   E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
   i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter
   area
   * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
   P - periodic downloaded static route

   Gateway of last resort is 10.48.74.1 to network 0.0.0.0

   10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 4 subnets, 2 masks
   S 10.8.8.0/24 [180/0] via 10.9.9.2
   C 10.9.9.0/24 is directly connected, Dialer0
   C 10.7.7.0/24 is directly connected, Loopback0
   C 10.48.74.0/23 is directly connected, Ethernet0
   S* 0.0.0.0/0 [254/0] via 10.48.74.1
   krimson#

在被叫路由器上,我们可以通过在本地串行 0 接口上使用 shutdown 命令来模拟主链路故障:

   kevin#configure terminal
   Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
   kevin(config)#interface serial 0
   kevin(config-if)#shutdown

   *Mar 4 15:32:00.250: %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0, changed state to
   administratively down
   *Mar 4 15:32:01.250: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface
   Serial0, changed state to down
   *Mar 4 15:32:03.742: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

现在,我们可以看到主链路已经断开:

   kevin#show interface serial 0
   Serial0 is administratively down, line protocol is down 
   Hardware is HD64570
   Internet address is 10.1.2.2/24
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec, 
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation HDLC, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   Last input 00:01:28, output 00:01:18, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: weighted fair
   Output queue: 0/1000/64/0 (size/max total/threshold/drops) 
   Conversations 0/1/256 (active/max active/max total)
   Reserved Conversations 0/0 (allocated/max allocated)
   Available Bandwidth 1158 kilobits/sec
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   114 packets input, 9895 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 79 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   108 packets output, 8526 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 4 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   1 carrier transitions
   DCD=down DSR=down DTR=up RTS=up CTS=down

被定义为相关流量的 ping 流量会通过备份拨号程序 0 接口启动呼出呼叫。

   krimson#ping 10.8.8.1

   Type escape sequence to abort.
   Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.8.8.1, timeout is 2 seconds:

   *Mar 4 15:27:39.618: BR0 DDR: rotor dialout [priority]
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.622: BR0 DDR: Dialing cause ip (s=10.9.9.1, d=10.8.8.1)
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.626: BR0 DDR: Attempting to dial 8114
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.642: ISDN BR0: TX -> SETUP pd = 8 callref = 0x09
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.646: Bearer Capability i = 0x8890
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.654: Channel ID i = 0x83
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.658: Called Party Number i = 0x80, '8114',
   Plan:Unknown, Type:Unknown
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.718: ISDN BR0: RX <- CALL_PROC pd = 8 callref = 0x89
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.722: Channel ID i = 0x89
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.974: ISDN BR0: RX <- CONNECT pd = 8 callref = 0x89
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.990: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:1, changed state to up
   *Mar 4 15:27:39.998: %DIALER-6-BIND: Interface BR0:1 bound to profile Di0
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.010: BR0:1 PPP: Treating connection as a callout
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.010: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING, Active Open [0 sess, 0 load]
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.014: BR0:1 LCP: O .!!!CONFREQ [Closed] id 19 len 15
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.018: BR0:1 LCP: AuthProto CHAP (0x0305C22305)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.022: BR0:1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x12D0A490 (0x050612D0A490)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.030: ISDN BR0: TX -> CONNECT_ACK pd = 8 callref = 0x09
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.054: BR0:1 LCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 9 len 15
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.058: BR0:1 LCP: AuthProto CHAP (0x0305C22305)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.062: BR0:1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x12D6B638 (0x050612D6B638)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.066: BR0:1 LCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 9 len 15
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.066: BR0:1 LCP: AuthProto CHAP (0x0305C22305)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.070: BR0:1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x12D6B638 (0x050612D6B638)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.074: BR0:1 LCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 19 len 15
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.078: BR0:1 LCP: AuthProto CHAP (0x0305C22305)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.082: BR0:1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x12D0A490 (0x050612D0A490)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.082: BR0:1 LCP: State is Open
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.086: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is AUTHENTICATING, by both [0 sess, 0 load]
   *Mar 4 !
   Suc15:27:40.090: BR0:1 CHAP: O CHALLENGE id 7 len 28 from "krimson"
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.106: BR0:1 CHAP: I CHALLENGE id 7 len 26 from "kevin"
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.110: BR0:1 CHAP: O RESPONSE id 7 len 28 from "krimson"
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.138: BR0:1 CHAP: I SUCCESS id 7 len 4
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.150: BR0:1 CHAP: I RESPONSE id 7 len 26 from "kevin"
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.158: BR0:1 CHAP: O SUCCESS id 7 len 4
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.162: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is UP [0 sess, 0 load]
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.166: BR0:1 IPCP: O CONFREQ [Not negotiated] id 2 len 10
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.170: BR0:1 IPCP: Address 10.9.9.1 (0x03060A090901)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.186: BR0:1 IPCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 2 len 10
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.190: BR0:1 IPCP: Address 10.9.9.2 (0x03060A090902)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.190: BR0:1 IPCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 2 len 10
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.194: BR0:1 IPCP: Address 10.9.9.2 (0x03060A090902)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.202: BR0:1 IPCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 2 len 10
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.206: BR0:1 IPCP: Address 10.9.9.1 (0x03060A090901)
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.206: BR0:1 IPCP: State is Open
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.214: BR0:1 DDR: dialer protocol up
   *Mar 4 15:27:40.218: Di0 IPCP: Install route to 10.9.9.2
   *Mar 4 15:27:41.162: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface BRI0:1,
   changed state to upcess rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max =
   36/47/76 ms
   krimson#

同时,在被呼叫端运行的 debug 会显示此同一呼叫的以下输出:

   kevin#   
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.698: ISDN BR0: RX <- SETUP pd = 8 callref = 0x07
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.706: Bearer Capability i = 0x8890
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.714: Channel ID i = 0x89
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.718: Calling Party Number i = 0xA1, '8113',
   Plan:ISDN, Type:National
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.734: Called Party Number i = 0xC1, '8114',
   Plan:ISDN, Type:Subscriber(local)
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.762: ISDN BR0: Event: Received a DATA call from 8113 on B1
   at 64 Kb/s
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.762: ISDN BR0: Event: Accepting the call id 0xC
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.766: BR0:1: interface must be fifo queue, force fifo
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.774: %DIALER-6-BIND: Interface BR0:1 bound to profile Di0
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.786: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:1, changed state to up
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.798: BR0:1 PPP: Treating connection as a callin
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.802: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING, Passive Open [0 sess,
   0 load]
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.806: BR0:1 LCP: State is Listen
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.818: ISDN BR0: TX -> CALL_PROC pd = 8 callref = 0x87
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.826: Channel ID i = 0x89
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.854: ISDN BR0: TX -> CONNECT pd = 8 callref = 0x87
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.918: ISDN BR0: RX <- CONNECT_ACK pd = 8 callref = 0x07
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.926: Channel ID i = 0x89
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.978: BR0:1 LCP: I CONFREQ [Listen] id 19 len 15
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.982: BR0:1 LCP: AuthProto CHAP (0x0305C22305)
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.986: BR0:1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x12D0A490 (0x050612D0A490)
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.990: BR0:1 LCP: O CONFREQ [Listen] id 9 len 15
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.994: BR0:1 LCP: AuthProto CHAP (0x0305C22305)
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.994: BR0:1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x12D6B638 (0x050612D6B638)
   *Mar 4 15:34:21.998: BR0:1 LCP: O CONFACK [Listen] id 19 len 15
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.002: BR0:1 LCP: AuthProto CHAP (0x0305C22305)
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.006: BR0:1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x12D0A490 (0x050612D0A490)
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.030: BR0:1 LCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 9 len 15
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.034: BR0:1 LCP: AuthProto CHAP (0x0305C22305)
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.034: BR0:1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x12D6B638 (0x050612D6B638)
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.038: BR0:1 LCP: State is Open
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.042: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is AUTHENTICATING, by both [0 sess, 0
   load]
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.046: BR0:1 CHAP: O CHALLENGE id 7 len 26 from "kevin"
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.050: BR0:1 CHAP: I CHALLENGE id 7 len 28 from "krimson"
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.054: BR0:1 CHAP: Waiting for peer to authenticate first
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.070: BR0:1 CHAP: I RESPONSE id 7 len 28 from "krimson"
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.078: BR0:1 CHAP: O SUCCESS id 7 len 4
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.082: BR0:1 CHAP: Processing saved Challenge, id 7
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.090: BR0:1 CHAP: O RESPONSE id 7 len 26 from "kevin"
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.114: BR0:1 CHAP: I SUCCESS id 7 len 4
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.118: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is UP [0 sess, 0 load]
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.122: BR0:1 IPCP: O CONFREQ [Not negotiated] id 2 len 10
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.126: BR0:1 IPCP: Address 10.9.9.2 (0x03060A090902)
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.130: BR0:1 IPCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 2 len 10
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.134: BR0:1 IPCP: Address 10.9.9.1 (0x03060A090901)
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.138: BR0:1 IPCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 2 len 10
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.142: BR0:1 IPCP: Address 10.9.9.1 (0x03060A090901)
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.226: BR0:1 IPCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 2 len 10
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.230: BR0:1 IPCP: Address 10.9.9.2 (0x03060A090902)
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.230: BR0:1 IPCP: State is Open
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.242: BR0:1 DDR: dialer protocol up
   *Mar 4 15:34:22.250: Di0 IPCP: Install route to 10.9.9.1
   *Mar 4 15:34:23.114: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface BRI0:1,
   changed state to up
   *Mar 4 15:34:27.794: %ISDN-6-CONNECT: Interface BRI0:1 is now connected to
   8113 krimson

备份之后的状态为“up”:

   krimson#show interface dialer 0
   Dialer0 is up, line protocol is up (spoofing)
   Hardware is Unknown
   Internet address is 10.9.9.1/24
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 56 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec, 
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   DTR is pulsed for 1 seconds on reset
   Interface is bound to BR0:1
   Last input never, output never, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:13:26
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: weighted fair
   Output queue: 0/1000/64/0 (size/max total/threshold/drops) 
   Conversations 0/1/16 (active/max active/max total)
   Reserved Conversations 0/0 (allocated/max allocated)
   Available Bandwidth 42 kilobits/sec
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   36 packets input, 2160 bytes
   36 packets output, 2160 bytes
   Bound to:
   BRI0:1 is up, line protocol is up 
   Hardware is BRI
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 64 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec, 
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   Time to interface disconnect: idle 00:01:33
   Interface is bound to Di0 (Encapsulation PPP)
   LCP Open
   Open: IPCP
   Last input 00:00:26, output 00:00:01, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
   Queueing strategy: fifo
   Output queue 0/40, 0 drops; input queue 0/75, 0 drops
   30 second input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   30 second output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   126 packets input, 3664 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   131 packets output, 3777 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 15 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   28 carrier transitions

   krimson#show ip route
   Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
   D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
   N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
   E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
   i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter
   area
   * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
   P - periodic downloaded static route

   Gateway of last resort is 10.48.74.1 to network 0.0.0.0

   10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 5 subnets, 3 masks
   C 10.9.9.2/32 is directly connected, Dialer0
   S 10.8.8.0/24 [180/0] via 10.9.9.2
   C 10.9.9.0/24 is directly connected, Dialer0
   C 10.7.7.0/24 is directly connected, Loopback0
   C 10.48.74.0/23 is directly connected, Ethernet0
   S* 0.0.0.0/0 [254/0] via 10.48.74.1

在被呼叫端:

备份之后的状态为“up”。

   kevin#show interface dialer 0
   Dialer0 is up, line protocol is up (spoofing)
   Hardware is Unknown
   Internet address is 10.9.9.2/24
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 56 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec, 
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   DTR is pulsed for 1 seconds on reset
   Interface is bound to BR0:1
   Last input never, output never, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:16:18
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: weighted fair
   Output queue: 0/1000/64/0 (size/max total/threshold/drops) 
   Conversations 0/1/16 (active/max active/max total)
   Reserved Conversations 0/0 (allocated/max allocated)
   Available Bandwidth 42 kilobits/sec
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   40 packets input, 2224 bytes
   40 packets output, 2224 bytes
   Bound to:
   BRI0:1 is up, line protocol is up 
   Hardware is BRI
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 64 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec, 
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   Time to interface disconnect: idle 00:01:11
   Interface is bound to Di0 (Encapsulation PPP)
   LCP Open
   Open: IPCP
   Last input 00:00:48, output 00:00:00, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
   Queueing strategy: fifo
   Output queue 0/40, 0 drops; input queue 0/75, 0 drops
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   136 packets input, 3857 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   131 packets output, 3744 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 12 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   35 carrier transitions

   kevin#show ip route
   Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
   D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
   N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
   E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
   i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter
   area
   * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
   P - periodic downloaded static route

   Gateway of last resort is 10.48.74.1 to network 0.0.0.0

   10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 4 subnets, 3 masks
   C 10.9.9.0/24 is directly connected, Dialer0
   C 10.8.8.0/24 is directly connected, Loopback0
   C 10.9.9.1/32 is directly connected, Dialer0
   C 10.48.74.0/23 is directly connected, Ethernet0
   S* 0.0.0.0/0 [254/0] via 10.48.74.1

在此,我们可以通过在远程串行接口上使用 no shutdown 命令来模拟主链路的恢复:

   krimson# 
   *Mar 4 15:28:58.726: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0, changed state to up
   *Mar 4 15:28:59.730: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface
   Serial0, changed state to up

备份会在空闲超时之后断开。

   krimson#show isdn active

   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   ISDN ACTIVE CALLS

   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Call Calling Called Remote Seconds Seconds Seconds Charges
   Type Number Number Name Used Left Idle
   Units/Currency

   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Out 8114 kevin 120 1 118 0
   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   krimson#
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.738: BR0:1 DDR: idle timeout
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.742: BR0 DDR: has total 0 call(s), dial_out 0, dial_in 0
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.746: BR0:1 PPP: Treating connection as a callout
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.750: %DIALER-6-UNBIND: Interface BR0:1 unbound from profile
   Di0
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.754: BR0:1 DDR: disconnecting call
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.758: %ISDN-6-DISCONNECT: Interface BRI0:1 disconnected from
   8114 kevin, call lasted 121 seconds
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.774: ISDN BR0: TX -> DISCONNECT pd = 8 callref = 0x09
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.782: Cause i = 0x8090 - Normal call clearing
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.790: Di0 IPCP: Remove route to 10.9.9.2
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.862: ISDN BR0: RX <- RELEASE pd = 8 callref = 0x89
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.886: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:1, changed state to down
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.894: BR0:1 IPCP: State is Closed
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.894: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is TERMINATING [0 sess, 0 load]
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.898: BR0:1 LCP: State is Closed
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.898: BR0:1 PPP: Phase is DOWN [0 sess, 0 load]
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.902: BR0:1 DDR: disconnecting call
   *Mar 4 15:29:41.910: ISDN BR0: TX -> RELEASE_COMP pd = 8 callref = 0x09
   *Mar 4 15:29:42.886: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface BRI0:1,
   changed state to down

现在,初始状态已经恢复。

   krimson#show ip route
   Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
   D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
   N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
   E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
   i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter
   area
   * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
   P - periodic downloaded static route

   Gateway of last resort is 10.48.74.1 to network 0.0.0.0

   10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 5 subnets, 2 masks
   C 10.1.2.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0
   S 10.8.8.0/24 [1/0] via 10.1.2.2
   C 10.9.9.0/24 is directly connected, Dialer0
   C 10.7.7.0/24 is directly connected, Loopback0
   C 10.48.74.0/23 is directly connected, Ethernet0
   S* 0.0.0.0/0 [254/0] via 10.48.74.1

相关信息


Document ID: 12497