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两个串行接口上通过虚拟模板的多链路

2015 年 8 月 28 日 - 机器翻译
其他版本: PDFpdf | 英语 (2015 年 4 月 22 日) | 反馈


目录


简介

多链路 PPP (MLP) 对拨号程序接口(如 ISDN、同步和异步接口)上的负载进行均衡。MLP 对数据包进行分割,并通过并行电路发送各个片段。这样,MLP 可以提高吞吐量,并减小系统间的延迟。MLP 提供了一种跨多个逻辑数据链路对数据报进行分割、重新组合和排序的方法。通过 MLP,可对数据包进行分段,并通过多个点对点链路同时将各个片段发送到同一远程地址。

本文档通过虚拟模板配置来说明串行接口之间的多链路连接。

先决条件

要求

本文档没有任何特定的要求。

使用的组件

本文档中的信息基于以下软件和硬件版本:

  • Cisco IOS�软件版本11.2或以上。

  • 两台 Cisco 2503 路由器,每台路由器具有两个 WAN 串行接口。这些路由器运行 Cisco IOS 软件版本 12.2(7b)。

本文档中的信息都是基于特定实验室环境中的设备编写的。本文档中使用的所有设备最初均采用原始(默认)配置。如果您使用的是真实网络,请确保您已经了解所有命令的潜在影响。

相关产品

此配置也可用于以下硬件和软件版本。

  • 任何具有两个 WAN 串行接口的路由器。您可以使用 WIC-1T、WIC-2T 和固定 WAN 串行接口。

规则

有关文档规则的详细信息,请参阅 Cisco 技术提示规则

配置

本部分提供有关如何配置本文档所述功能的信息。

注意: 有关本文档所用命令的详细信息,请使用命令查找工具仅限注册用户)。

网络图

本文档使用以下网络设置:

/image/gif/paws/10379/mpp_serial.gif

路由器 Montecito 和 Goleta 将通过接口 Serial0 和 Serial1 进行背对背连接。此配置在每一侧均使用一个虚拟模板(多链路点对点协议 (PPP)),并在路由器之间桥接和路由 IP 和 IPX。

配置

本文档使用以下配置:

Montecito
Montecito#write terminal
 Building configuration...
 Current configuration : 945 bytes
 !
 version 12.2
 service timestamps debug uptime
 service timestamps log uptime
 no service password-encryption
 !
 hostname Montecito
 !
 boot system flash c2500-d-l.122-7b.bin
 no logging buffered
 !
 ip subnet-zero
 no ip domain-lookup
 !
 !
 multilink virtual-template 1
 
!--- Applies the virtual interface template to the multilink bundle. 
 !--- All multilink calls have virtual-access interfaces cloned 
 !--- from virtual-template 1.

 !
 ipx routing 0000.0c31.aac2
 !
 interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
 ipx network BEEF
 !
 interface Ethernet0
 no ip address
 shutdown
 !
 !
 
!--- Virtual-template is a logical interface that creates virtual access 
 !--- interfaces dynamically, and applies them to physical serial interfaces.

 interface Virtual-Template1
 
!--- Assumes the IP & IPX address of Loopback0.

 ip unnumbered Loopback0
 ipx ppp-client Loopback0
 ppp multilink
 
!--- Enables Multilink PPP on the interface.

 bridge-group 1
 !
 interface Serial0
 no ip address
 encapsulation ppp
 no ip route-cache
 no ip mroute-cache
 no fair-queue
 
!--- Enables Multilink PPP on the interface. 

 ppp multilink
 !
 interface Serial1
 no ip address
 encapsulation ppp
 no ip route-cache
 no ip mroute-cache
 no fair-queue
 
!--- Enables Multilink PPP on the interface.

 ppp multilink
 !
 interface BRI0
 no ip address
 shutdown
 !
 no ip classless
 !
 bridge 1 protocol ieee
 !
 line con 0
 line aux 0
 line vty 0 4
 login
 !
 end

Goleta
Goleta#write terminal
 Building configuration...
 Current configuration : 960 bytes
 version 12.2
 service timestamps debug uptime
 service timestamps log uptime
 no service password-encryption
 !
 hostname Goleta
 !
 !
 ip subnet-zero
 no ip domain-lookup
 !
 !

 !--- Applies the virtual interface template to the multilink bundle. 
 !--- Skip this step for ISDN or dialer interfaces.

 multilink virtual-template 1
 ipx routing 0000.0c47.4e9a
 !
 !
 !
 interface Loopback0
 ip address 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.0
 ipx network BEEF
 !
 interface Ethernet0
 no ip address
 shutdown
 !
 
!--- Virtual-template is a logical interface that Creates virtual access 
 !--- interfaces dynamically and applies them to physical serial interfaces. 

 interface Virtual-Template1
 
!--- Assumes the IP & IPX address of Loopback0.

 ip unnumbered Loopback0
 ipx ppp-client Loopback0
 !
 
!--- Enables Multilink PPP on the interface.

 ppp multilink
 bridge-group 1
 !
 interface Serial0
 no ip address
 encapsulation ppp
 no fair-queue
 clockrate 1000000
 !
 
!--- Enables Multilink PPP on the interface.
 
 ppp multilink
 !
 interface Serial1
 no ip address
 encapsulation ppp
 no fair-queue
 clockrate 1000000
 !
 
!--- Enables Multilink PPP on the interface. 

 ppp multilink
 !
 interface BRI0
 no ip address
 shutdown
 !
 ip classless
 !
 bridge 1 protocol ieee
 !
 line con 0
 line aux 0
 line vty 0 4
 !
 end

验证

使用本部分可确认配置能否正常运行。

命令输出解释程序仅限注册用户)(OIT) 支持某些 show 命令。使用 OIT 可查看对 show 命令输出的分析。

  • show ppp multilink — 显示关于处于活动状态的多链路捆绑的信息。使用此指令验证多链路连接。

  • show interface virtual-access - 显示特定虚拟访问接口的状态、流量数据和配置信息。

  • show interface serial - 可对串行接口的任何问题进行故障排除。

show 输出示例

建立连接后 Montecito 上的 show 命令

Montecito#show interface virtual-access 1
  Virtual-Access1 is up, line protocol is up
  Hardware is Virtual Access interface
  Interface is unnumbered. Using address of Loopback0 (10.1.1.1)
  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 3088 Kbit, DLY 100000 usec,
     reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
  Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
  Keepalive set (10 sec)
  DTR is pulsed for 5 seconds on reset
  LCP Open, multilink Open
  Open: BRIDGECP, IPCP, IPXCP
  Last input 00:00:00, output never, output hang never
  Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:02:09
  Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
  Queueing strategy: fifo
  Output queue :0/40 (size/max)
  5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
  5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
     22 packets input, 743 bytes, 0 no buffer
     Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
     0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
     8 packets output, 124 bytes, 0 underruns
     0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets
     0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
     0 carrier transitions

   Montecito#show interface serial 0
   Serial0 is up, line protocol is up
   Hardware is HD64570
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec,
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   LCP Open, multilink Open
   Last input 00:00:00, output 00:00:06, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters 02:04:30
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: fifo
   Output queue :0/40 (size/max)
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   3320 packets input, 107170 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   1483 packets output, 24622 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 6 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   8 carrier transitions
   DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up

   Montecito#show interface serial 1
   Serial1 is up, line protocol is up
   Hardware is HD64570
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec,
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   LCP Open, multilink Open
   Last input 00:00:00, output 00:00:00, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters 02:04:32
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: fifo
   Output queue :0/40 (size/max)
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   3320 packets input, 107161 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   1482 packets output, 24646 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 6 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   8 carrier transitions
   DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up

   Montecito#show ppp multilink
   Virtual-Access1, bundle name is Goleta
   Bundle up for 00:01:39
   0 lost fragments, 0 reordered, 0 unassigned
   0 discarded, 0 lost received, 1/255 load
   0x3D received sequence, 0xB sent sequence
   Member links: 2 (max not set, min not set)
   Serial1, since 00:01:40, last rcvd seq 00003C
   Serial0, since 00:01:39, last rcvd seq 00003B

   Montecito#show bridge group
   Bridge Group 1 is running the IEEE compatible Spanning Tree protocol
   Port 10 (Virtual-Access1) of bridge group 1 is forwarding
   Port 9 (Virtual-Template1) of bridge group 1 is down
   Montecito#

建立连接后 Goleta 上的 show 命令

Goleta#show interface virtual-access 1
   Virtual-Access1 is up, line protocol is up
   Hardware is Virtual Access interface
   Interface is unnumbered. Using address of Loopback0 (192.168.10.2)
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 3088 Kbit, DLY 100000 usec,
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   DTR is pulsed for 5 seconds on reset
   LCP Open, multilink Open
   Open: BRIDGECP, IPCP, IPXCP
   Last input 00:00:10, output never, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:02:18
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: fifo
   Output queue :0/40 (size/max)
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   4 packets input, 52 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   28 packets output, 892 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   0 carrier transitions

   Goleta#show interface serial 0
   Serial0 is up, line protocol is up
   Hardware is HD64570
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec,
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   LCP Open, multilink Open
   Last input 01:52:28, output 00:00:00, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters 02:55:09
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: fifo
   Output queue :0/40 (size/max)
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   2364 packets input, 41972 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   4465 packets output, 134689 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 148 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   294 carrier transitions
   DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up

   Goleta#show interface serial 1
   Serial1 is up, line protocol is up
   Hardware is HD64570
   MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec,
   reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
   Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set
   Keepalive set (10 sec)
   LCP Open, multilink Open
   Last input 01:52:38, output 00:00:00, output hang never
   Last clearing of "show interface" counters 02:55:18
   Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
   Queueing strategy: fifo
   Output queue :0/40 (size/max)
   5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
   2366 packets input, 42030 bytes, 0 no buffer
   Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
   0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
   4472 packets output, 134930 bytes, 0 underruns
   0 output errors, 0 collisions, 147 interface resets
   0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
   289 carrier transitions
   DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up

   Goleta#sh ppp multilink
   Virtual-Access1, bundle name is Montecito
   Bundle up for 00:01:35
   0 lost fragments, 0 reordered, 0 unassigned
   0 discarded, 0 lost received, 1/255 load
   0xB received sequence, 0x3B sent sequence
   Member links: 2 (max not set, min not set)
   Serial0, since 00:01:36, last rcvd seq 00000A
   Serial1, since 00:01:35, last rcvd seq 000009

   Goleta#show bridge group
   Bridge Group 1 is running the IEEE compatible Spanning Tree protocol
   Port 10 (Virtual-Access1) of bridge group 1 is forwarding
   Port 9 (Virtual-Template1) of bridge group 1 is down

故障排除

使用本部分可排除配置故障。

故障排除资源

根据需要,可使用以下故障排除资源:

故障排除命令

命令输出解释程序仅限注册用户)(OIT) 支持某些 show 命令。使用 OIT 可查看对 show 命令输出的分析。

注意: 使用 debug 命令之前,请参阅有关 Debug 命令的重要信息

  • debug ppp negotiation - 指示客户端是否传递 PPP 协商。还将检查地址协商。

  • debug ppp authentication - 指示客户端是否传递身份验证。如果您使用的是 Cisco IOS 软件版本 11.2 或更高版本,请使用此命令。

  • debug ppp chap - 指示客户端是否传递身份验证。如果您使用的是早于版本 11.2 的 Cisco IOS 软件版本,请使用此命令。

  • debug ppp error -显示与PPP连接协商和操作相关的协议错误和错误统计数据。

  • debug vtemplate - 可用于查看所使用的虚拟模板配置。

  • debug vprofile - 可用于查看应用于虚拟访问接口的配置选项。

调试输出示例

下面是成功呼叫的一些调试输出。请注意粗体字体部分。您可比较一下自己获得的输出与下面所示的结果:

Montecito 上的 PPP 调试

Montecito#debug ppp negotiation
     PPP protocol negotiation debugging is on
     Montecito#
     00:07:30: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial1, changed state to up
     00:07:30: Se1 PPP: Treating connection as a dedicated line
     00:07:30: Se1 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING, Active Open [0 sess, 2 load]
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 4 len 26
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6063D57E (0x05066063D57E)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 101 len 23
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x60944B81 (0x050660944B81)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 101 len 23
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x60944B81 (0x050660944B81)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 4 len 26
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6063D57E (0x05066063D57E)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
     00:07:30: Se1 LCP: State is Open
     00:07:30: Se1 PPP: Phase is VIRTUALIZED [0 sess, 1 load]
     00:07:31: Vi1 PPP: Phase is DOWN, Setup [0 sess, 0 load]
     00:07:31: Vi1 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING [0 sess, 0 load]
     00:07:31: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0, changed state to up
     00:07:31: Se0 PPP: Treating connection as a dedicated line
     00:07:31: Se0 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING, Active Open [0 sess, 0 load]
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 4 len 26
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6063D8DC (0x05066063D8DC)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
     00:07:31: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Virtual-Access1, changed state to up
     00:07:31: Vi1 PPP: Treating connection as a dedicated line
     00:07:31: Vi1 LCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 1 len 26
     00:07:31: Vi1 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6063D8F9 (0x05066063D8F9)
     00:07:31: Vi1 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:31: Vi1 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
     00:07:31: Vi1 PPP: Phase is UP [0 sess, 0 load]
     00:07:31: Vi1 BNCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 1 len 4
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 1 len 10
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP:    Address 10.1.1.1 (0x03060A010101)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 1 len 18
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP:    Network 0x0000BEEF (0x01060000BEEF)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP:    Node 0000.0c31.aac2 (0x020800000C31AAC2)
     00:07:31: Vi1 MLP: Added first link Se1 to bundle Goleta
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 101 len 23
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x60944EF7 (0x050660944EF7)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 101 len 23
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x60944EF7 (0x050660944EF7)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
     00:07:31: Se1 BNCP: MLP bundle interface is built, process packets now
     00:07:31: Se1 BNCP: Redirect packet to Vi1
     00:07:31: Vi1 BNCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 1 len 4
     00:07:31: Vi1 BNCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 1 len 4
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 1 len 10
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP:    Address 192.168.10.2 (0x0306C0A80A02)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 1 len 10
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP:    Address 192.168.10.2 (0x0306C0A80A02)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 1 len 18
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP:    Network 0x0000BEEF (0x01060000BEEF)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP:    Node 0000.0c47.4e9a (0x020800000C474E9A)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 1 len 18
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP:    Network 0x0000BEEF (0x01060000BEEF)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP:    Node 0000.0c47.4e9a (0x020800000C474E9A)
     00:07:31: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial1, 
     changed state to up
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 4 len 26
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    MagicNumber 0x6063D8DC (0x05066063D8DC)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP:    EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
     00:07:31: Se0 LCP: State is Open
     00:07:31: Se0 PPP: Phase is VIRTUALIZED [0 sess, 2 load]
     00:07:31: Vi1 MLP: Added link Se0 to bundle Goleta
     00:07:31: Vi1 BNCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 1 len 4
     00:07:31: Vi1 BNCP: State is Open
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 1 len 10
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP:    Address 10.1.1.1 (0x03060A010101)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP: State is Open
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 1 len 18
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP:    Network 0x0000BEEF (0x01060000BEEF)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP:    Node 0000.0c31.aac2 (0x020800000C31AAC2)
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPXCP: State is Open
     00:07:31: Vi1 IPCP: Install route to 192.168.10.2
     00:07:32: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Virtual-Access1, 
     changed state to up
     00:07:32: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0, 
     changed state to up
     Montecito#
      
     Montecito#ping  192.168.10.2
     Type escape sequence to abort.
     Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.10.2, timeout is 2 seconds:
     !!!!!
     Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 8/9/12 ms

   Montecito#ping ipx
   Target IPX address: BEEF.0000.0c47.4e9a
   Repeat count [5]:
   Datagram size [100]:
   Timeout in seconds [2]:
   Verbose [n]:
   Type escape sequence to abort.
   Sending 5, 100-byte IPX Novell Echoes to BEEF.0000.0c47.4e9a,
   timeout is 2 seconds:
   !!!!!
   Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 8/10/12 ms
   Montecito#

Goleta 上的 PPP 调试

Goleta#debug ppp negotiation
   PPP protocol negotiation debugging is on
   
   Goleta#
   01:00:26: Se0 PPP: Treating connection as a dedicated line
   01:00:26: Se0 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING, Active Open [0 sess, 0 load]
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 101 len 23
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: MagicNumber 0x60944B81 (0x050660944B81)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 4 len 26
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: MagicNumber 0x6063D57E (0x05066063D57E)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 4 len 26
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: MagicNumber 0x6063D57E (0x05066063D57E)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 101 len 23
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: MagicNumber 0x60944B81 (0x050660944B81)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
   01:00:26: Se0 LCP: State is Open
   01:00:26: Se0 PPP: Phase is VIRTUALIZED [0 sess, 0 load]
   01:00:26: Vi1 PPP: Phase is DOWN, Setup [0 sess, 0 load]
   01:00:26: Vi1 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING [0 sess, 0 load]
   01:00:27: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial1, changed state to up
   01:00:27: Se1 PPP: Treating connection as a dedicated line
   01:00:27: Se1 PPP: Phase is ESTABLISHING, Active Open [0 sess, 0 load]
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 101 len 23
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x60944EF7 (0x050660944EF7)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
   01:00:27: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Virtual-Access1, changed state to up
   01:00:27: Vi1 PPP: Treating connection as a dedicated line
   01:00:27: Vi1 LCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 1 len 23
   01:00:27: Vi1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x60944F10 (0x050660944F10)
   01:00:27: Vi1 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:27: Vi1 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
   01:00:27: Vi1 PPP: Phase is UP [0 sess, 0 load]
   01:00:27: Vi1 BNCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 1 len 4
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 1 len 10
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: Address 192.168.10.2 (0x0306C0A80A02)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: O CONFREQ [Closed] id 1 len 18
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: Network 0x0000BEEF (0x01060000BEEF)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: Node 0000.0c47.4e9a (0x020800000C474E9A)
   01:00:27: Vi1 MLP: Added first link Se0 to bundle Montecito
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 4 len 26
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x6063D8DC (0x05066063D8DC)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 4 len 26
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x6063D8DC (0x05066063D8DC)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Montecito (0x130C014D6F6E74656369746F)
   01:00:27: Se0 BNCP: MLP bundle interface is built, process packets now
   01:00:27: Se0 BNCP: Redirect packet to Vi1
   01:00:27: Vi1 BNCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 1 len 4
   01:00:27: Vi1 BNCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 1 len 4
   01:00:27: Se0 IPCP: MLP bundle interface is built, process packets now
   01:00:27: Se0 IPCP: Redirect packet to Vi1
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 1 len 10
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: Address 10.1.1.1 (0x03060A010101)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 1 len 10
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: Address 10.1.1.1 (0x03060A010101)
   01:00:27: Se0 IPXCP: MLP bundle interface is built, process packets now
   01:00:27: Se0 IPXCP: Redirect packet to Vi1
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: I CONFREQ [REQsent] id 1 len 18
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: Network 0x0000BEEF (0x01060000BEEF)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: Node 0000.0c31.aac2 (0x020800000C31AAC2)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: O CONFACK [REQsent] id 1 len 18
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: Network 0x0000BEEF (0x01060000BEEF)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: Node 0000.0c31.aac2 (0x020800000C31AAC2)
   01:00:27: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0,
   changed state to up
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 101 len 23
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: MagicNumber 0x60944EF7 (0x050660944EF7)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: MRRU 1524 (0x110405F4)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: EndpointDisc 1 Goleta (0x130901476F6C657461)
   01:00:27: Se1 LCP: State is Open
   01:00:27: Se1 PPP: Phase is VIRTUALIZED [0 sess, 4 load]
   01:00:27: Vi1 BNCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 1 len 4
   01:00:27: Vi1 BNCP: State is Open
   01:00:27: Vi1 MLP: Added link Se1 to bundle Montecito
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 1 len 10
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: Address 192.168.10.2 (0x0306C0A80A02)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: State is Open
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: I CONFACK [ACKsent] id 1 len 18
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: Network 0x0000BEEF (0x01060000BEEF)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: Node 0000.0c47.4e9a (0x020800000C474E9A)
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPXCP: State is Open
   01:00:27: Vi1 IPCP: Install route to 10.1.1.1
   01:00:28: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Virtual-Access1,
   changed state to up
   01:00:28: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial1,
   changed state to up
   Goleta#
   
   Goleta#ping 10.1.1.1
   Type escape sequence to abort.
   Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.1.1.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
   !!!!!
   Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 8/10/12 ms
   
   Goleta#ping ipx
   Target IPX address: BEEF.0000.0c31.aac2
   Repeat count [5]:
   Datagram size [100]:
   Timeout in seconds [2]:
   Verbose [n]:
   Type escape sequence to abort.
   Sending 5, 100-byte IPX Novell Echoes to BEEF.0000.0c31.aac2,
   timeout is 2 seconds:
   !!!!!
   Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 8/10/12 ms

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Document ID: 10379