交换机 : Cisco Catalyst 6500 系列交换机

在运行CatOS (混合)的Catalyst 6500系列交换机上替换失败的冗余Supervisor模块

2015 年 8 月 28 日 - 机器翻译
其他版本: PDFpdf | 英语 (2014 年 9 月 15 日) | 反馈


目录


简介

本文档显示如何更换 Catalyst 6500 系列交换机中出现故障的冗余 Supervisor 模块。本文档说明的步骤适用于在混合 OS 中运行的 Supervisor 模块。

先决条件

要求

Cisco 建议您了解以下主题:

使用的组件

本文档中的信息基于以下软件和硬件版本:

  • Cisco Catalyst 6500 系列交换机

  • Supervisor 模块:WS-SUP32-GE-3B

  • 混合 OS:

    • Catalyst OS (CatOS) 8.5(8)

    • MSFC IOS� 12.2(18)SXF7

本文档中的信息都是基于特定实验室环境中的设备编写的。本文档中使用的所有设备最初均采用原始(默认)配置。如果您使用的是真实网络,请确保您已经了解所有命令的潜在影响。

相关产品

本文档也可用于以下硬件和软件版本:

  • 运行混合 OS 的 Supervisor 720

  • 运行混合 OS 的 Supervisor 2

规则

有关文档规则的详细信息,请参阅 Cisco 技术提示规则

背景信息

下面是与冗余 Supervisor 模块相关的一些要点:

  • 在备用 Supervisor 引擎上,控制台端口处于非活动状态,模块状态显示为“备用”,上行链路端口的状态正常显示。

  • 为使您能够分别控制每个 Supervisor 引擎的引导,Supervisor 引擎之间的配置寄存器未同步。

  • 如果两个 Supervisor 引擎的软件版本不同,或两个 Supervisor 引擎的 NVRAM 配置不同,活动 Supervisor 引擎会自动将其软件镜像和配置下载到备用 Supervisor 引擎。

  • Supervisor 引擎使用以下两个闪存镜像:引导镜像和运行时镜像。在 BOOT 环境变量中指定的引导镜像文件名存储在 NVRAM 中。运行时镜像是 ROM 监视器用于引导 Supervisor 引擎的引导镜像。系统启动后,运行时镜像驻留在动态 RAM (DRAM) 中。

  • 冗余 Supervisor 引擎与同型号的特性卡必须具有相同类型。同样不带策略特性卡 (PFC) 的 WS-X6K-SUP1-2GE 和 WS-X6K-SUP1A-2GE 具有冗余兼容性。对于带有 PFC 的 Supervisor 引擎,PFC 必须相同(两个 PFC、两个 PFC2、两个 PFC3A、两个 PFC3B 或两个 PFC3BXL)才能实现冗余。

更换 Supervisor 模块的详细步骤 - 同一混合 OS

本部分提供更换 Catalyst 6500 系列交换机中的 Supervisor 模块 32 的详细步骤。此示例使用 Cisco Catalyst 6509 交换机,带有两个 Supervisor 模块,分别位于插槽 5 和 6 中。插槽 6 中的 Supervisor 模块出现故障。假定已将插槽 6 中发生故障的 Supervisor 模块从机箱中卸除。您将看到将新的 Supervisor 模块添加到插槽 6 中的步骤。

如果另外还有一台 Cisco Catalyst 6500 系列交换机,则可以将新的 Supervisor 连接到该交换机,然后将混合 OS 升级或降级为生产交换机插槽 5 中 Supervisor 的级别。如果新的 Supervisor 模块中使用同样的混合 OS,则不需要对新的 Supervisor 模块进行任何配置。当您将 Supervisor 模块添加到插槽 6 中时,活动 Supervisor 引擎会自动进行配置同步。本部分介绍更换 Supervisor 过程中的详细步骤和核对清单。

下面是更换 Catalyst 6500 系列交换机中的 Supervisor 模块 32 的详细步骤:

  1. 将 Supervisor 模块添加到插槽 6 中。

    如果与插槽 6 中的 Supervisor 有控制台连接,则应看到以下输出:

    
    !--- Supervisor module at slot 6
    
    System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(18r)SX2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 2004 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Cat6k-Sup32 platform with 524288 Kbytes of main memory
    
    Autoboot executing command: "boot bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin"
    Self decompressing the image : ############################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ###########################################################################
    ##################################################### [OK]
    
    
    System Power On Diagnostics
    DRAM Size ..........................512 MB
    Testing DRAM .......................Passed
    Verifying Text Segment .............Passed
    NVRAM Size .........................2048 KB
    Level2 Cache .......................Present
    Level3 Cache .......................Absent
    System Power On Diagnostics Complete
    
    Currently running ROMMON from S (Gold) region
    Boot image: bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    
    Firmware compiled 01-Dec-06 12:57 by integ Build [100]
    
    
    This module is now in standby mode.
    Console is disabled for standby supervisor.
    

    以下输出显示插槽 5 中活动 Supervisor 的控制台:

    Access2> (enable)
    Access2> (enable)
    Access2> (enable) 2007 May 22 19:17:48 %SYS-5-MOD_INSERT:Module 
    6 has been inserted
    
    Access2> (enable)
    Access2> (enable)
    Access2> (enable) 
    %SYS-5-SUP_MODSBY:Module 6 is in standby mode
    
    %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNC:File synchronization process will start in 120 seconds
    
    %DIAG-6-RUN_MINIMUM:Module 6: Running Minimal Diagnostics...
    
    %DIAG-6-DIAG_OK:Module 6: Passed Online Diagnostics
    
    %SYS-3-TRANSCEIVER_NOTSUPP: Transceiver on port 6/1 is not supported
    
    %SYS-3-TRANSCEIVER_NOTSUPP: Transceiver on port 6/2 is not supported
    
    %SYS-5-PORT_SSUPOK:Ports on standby supervisor (module 6) are up
    
    %SYS-3-MOD_PORTINTFINSYNC:Port Interface in sync for Module 6
    
    %DIAG-6-RUN_MINIMUM:Module 16: Running Minimal Diagnostics...
    
    %DIAG-6-DIAG_OK:Module 16: Passed Online Diagnostics
    
    %SYS-5-MOD_OK:Module 16(WS-F6K-MSFC2A,SAL1018LQ3C) is online
    
    %MGMT-5-SYS_CONFIG_START_MOD_FAIL:Unable to start system configuration 
    for module 6
    
    %MGMT-5-SYS_CONFIG_START_MOD_FAIL:Unable to start system configuration for 
    module 16
    
    %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNCSTART:Active supervisor is synchronizing bootdisk:
    cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNCFINISH:Active supervisor has synchronized bootdisk:
    cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    Access2> (enable)
  2. 验证 Supervisor 冗余状态:

    Access2> (enable) show system highavailability
    Highavailability: enabled
    Highavailability versioning: disabled
    Highavailability Operational-status: ON
    Access2> (enable)
  3. 验证 MSFC 冗余状态:

    Access2> (enable) session 15
    Trying Router-15...
    Connected to Router-15.
    Escape character is '^]'.
    
    LAB-Router>enable
    LAB-Router#show redundancy
    Redundant System Information :
    ------------------------------
           Available system uptime = 10 minutes
    Switchovers system experienced = 0
                  Standby failures = 0
            Last switchover reason = unsupported
    
                     Hardware Mode = Duplex
        Configured Redundancy Mode = Stateful SwitchOver - SSO
         Operating Redundancy Mode = Stateful SwitchOver - SSO
                  Maintenance Mode = Disabled
                    Communications = Up
    
    Current Processor Information :
    -------------------------------
                   Active Location = slot 5
            Current Software state = ACTIVE
           Uptime in current state = 10 minutes
                     Image Version = Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
    IOS (tm) MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), 
    Version 12.2(18)SXF7, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Thu 23-Nov-06 01:03 by kellythw
                              BOOT =
                       CONFIG_FILE =
                           BOOTLDR =
            Configuration register = 0x2102
    
    Peer Processor Information :
    ----------------------------
                  Standby Location = slot 6
            Current Software state = STANDBY HOT
           Uptime in current state = 2 minutes
                     Image Version = Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
    IOS (tm) MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), 
    Version 12.2(18)SXF7, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Thu 23-Nov-06 01:03 by kellythw
                              BOOT =
                       CONFIG_FILE =
                           BOOTLDR =
            Configuration register = 0x2102
    
    
    LAB-Router#
  4. 强制执行 Supervisor 故障切换并进行测试:

    
    !--- Supervisor in slot 5
    
    Access2> (enable) switch supervisor
    This command will force a switch-over to the standby Supervisor module.
    Do you want to continue (y/n) [n]? y
    2007 May 21 20:40:37 %SYS-5-MOD_RESET:Module 5 reset from Console//
    Access2> (enable)
    System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(18r)SX2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 2004 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Cat6k-Sup32 platform with 262144 Kbytes of main memory
    
    Autoboot executing command: "boot bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin"
    Self decompressing the image : ##############################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    ##################################################### [OK]
    
    
    System Power On Diagnostics
    DRAM Size ..........................256 MB
    Testing DRAM .......................Passed
    Verifying Text Segment .............Passed
    NVRAM Size .........................2048 KB
    Level2 Cache .......................Present
    Level3 Cache .......................Absent
    System Power On Diagnostics Complete
    
    Currently running ROMMON from S (Gold) region
    Boot image: bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    
    Firmware compiled 01-Dec-06 12:57 by integ Build [100]
    
    This module is now in standby mode.
    Console is disabled for standby supervisor
    
  5. 通过控制台连接到 Supervisor 6 并验证 Supervisor 和 MSFC 配置。

更换 Supervisor 模块的详细步骤 - 不同混合 OS

本部分介绍更换 Catalyst 6500 系列交换机中的 Supervisor 模块 32 的详细步骤。此示例使用 Cisco Catalyst 6509 交换机,带有两个 Supervisor 模块,分别位于插槽 5 和 6 中。插槽 6 中的 Supervisor 模块出现故障。假定已将插槽 6 中发生故障的 Supervisor 模块从机箱中卸除。您将看到将新的 Supervisor 模块添加到插槽 6 中的步骤。

如果没有将新 Supervisor 的混合 OS 升级为活动 Supervisor 版本的选项,则可以执行下列步骤,添加 Supervisor 模块并实现混合 OS 和交换机配置的同步。其中大部分步骤是自动进行的。本文档显示要在 Supervisor 更换过程中执行的详细步骤和核对清单。

在添加新的 Supervisor 模块之前进行验证

本部分显示插槽 6 中没有 Supervisor 的交换机的显示输出。

  • Show module

  • Show version

  • 引导变量

  1. Show module 输出:

    Access2> (enable) show module
    Mod Slot Ports Module-Type               Model               Sub Status
    --- ---- ----- ------------------------- ------------------- --- --------
    1   1    0     1000BaseX Ethernet                            no  power-down
    2   2    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6248-RJ-45      no  ok
    3   3    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6348-RJ-45      yes ok
    4   4    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6348-RJ-45      yes ok
    5   5    9     1000BaseX Supervisor      WS-SUP32-GE-3B      yes ok
    15  5    1     Multilayer Switch Feature WS-F6K-MSFC2A       no  ok
    7   7    5     Communication Media Mod.  WS-SVC-CMM          no  ok
    8   8    0     FXS                                           no  power-down
    9   9    0     10/100BaseTX Ethernet                         no  power-down
    
    
    !--- Output suppressed
    
    
    Mod Sub-Type                Sub-Model           Sub-Serial  Sub-Hw Sub-Sw
    --- ----------------------- ------------------- ----------- ------ ------
    3   Inline Power Module     WS-F6K-VPWR                     1.0    1.1(1)
    4   Inline Power Module     WS-F6K-VPWR                     1.0    1.1(1)
    5   L3 Switching Engine III WS-F6K-PFC3B        SAL1012GREU 2.1
    Access2> (enable)
  2. Show version 输出:

    Access2> (enable) show version
    WS-C6509 Software, Version NmpSW: 8.5(8)
    Copyright (c) 1995-2006 by Cisco Systems
    NMP S/W compiled on Dec  1 2006, 23:03:43
    
    System Bootstrap Version: 12.2
    System Boot Image File is 'bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin'
    System Configuration register is 0x2102
    
    Hardware Version: 2.0  Model: WS-C6509  Serial #: SCA034500F5
    
    PS1  Module: WS-CAC-6000W    Serial #: AZS10130G7T
    
    Mod Port Model               Serial #    Versions
    --- ---- ------------------- ----------- --------------------------------------
    2   48   WS-X6248-RJ-45      SAD03431007 Hw : 1.1
                                             Fw : 4.2(0.24)VAI78
                                             Sw : 8.5(8)
    3   48   WS-X6348-RJ-45      SAD04150A2T Hw : 1.1
                                             Fw : 5.3(1)
                                             Sw : 8.5(8)
             WS-F6K-VPWR                     Hw : 1.0
                                             Sw : 1.1(1)
    4   48   WS-X6348-RJ-45      SAD05070CNX Hw : 2.0
                                             Fw : 5.4(2)
                                             Sw : 8.5(8)
             WS-F6K-VPWR                     Hw : 1.0
                                             Sw : 1.1(1)
    5   9    WS-SUP32-GE-3B      SAL1010F8KG Hw : 4.2
                                             Fw : 12.2
                                             Fw1: 8.5(8)
                                             Sw : 8.5(8)
                                             Sw1: 8.5(8)
             WS-F6K-PFC3B        SAL1012GREU Hw : 2.1
                                             Sw :
    7   5    WS-SVC-CMM          SAD100707YJ Hw : 2.8
                                             Fw : 12.4(7a),
                                             Sw : 12.4(7a),
    15  1    WS-F6K-MSFC2A       SAL1012GG1X Hw : 3.0
                                             Fw : 12.2(18)SXF7
                                             Sw : 12.2(18)SXF7
    
           DRAM                    FLASH                   NVRAM
    Module Total   Used    Free    Total   Used    Free    Total Used  Free
    ------ ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ----- ----- -----
    5      262144K 124421K 137723K 249772K   9796K 239976K 2048K  366K 1682K
    
    Uptime is 0 day, 0 hour, 3 minutes
    Access2> (enable)
  3. 引导变量:

    
    !--- Current working directory
    
    Access2> (enable) pwd
    bootdisk
    
    
    !--- Files in the bootdisk
    
    Access2> (enable) dir
          2   -rw-  10029260    Dec 13 2006 15:37:08 cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    245735424 bytes available (10031104 bytes used)
    
    
    !--- Boot variable
    
    Access2> (enable) show boot
    BOOT variable = bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin,1;
    CONFIG_FILE variable = bootflash:switch.cfg
    
    Configuration register is 0x2102
    ignore-config: disabled
    auto-config: non-recurring, overwrite, sync disabled
    ROMMON console baud: 9600
    boot: image specified by the boot system commands
    
    Image auto sync is enabled
    Image auto sync timer is 120 seconds
    Access2> (enable)

添加新的 Supervisor 模块

Supervisor 模块已插入插槽 6 中。下面显示将新的备用 Supervisor 模块添加到交换机时活动和备用 Supervisor 模块的控制台输出:

  1. 将新的 Supervisor 模块插入插槽 6 中。

    此时活动 Supervisor 模块中显示以下日志消息:

    Access2> (enable) 2007 May 21 20:21:14 %SYS-5-MOD_INSERT:Module 6 has been 
    inserted

    如果已通过控制台连接到插槽 6 中的备用 Supervisor,则会看到以下引导过程:

    System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(18r)SX2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 2004 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Cat6k-Sup32 platform with 524288 Kbytes of main memory
    
    Autoboot executing command: "boot bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-4-5.bin"
    Self decompressing the image : ##############################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    #############################################################################
    ######################################################################## [OK]
    
    
    System Power On Diagnostics
    DRAM Size ..........................512 MB
    Testing DRAM .......................Passed
    Verifying Text Segment .............Passed
    NVRAM Size .........................2048 KB
    Level2 Cache .......................Present
    Level3 Cache .......................Absent
    System Power On Diagnostics Complete
    
    Currently running ROMMON from S (Gold) region
    Boot image: bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-4-5.bin
    
    
    Firmware compiled 02-Aug-05 16:08 by integ Build [100]
    
    
    This module is now in standby mode.
    Console is disabled for standby supervisor
    
  2. 可以通过插槽 5 中的活动 Supervisor 模块验证冗余状态。

    Access2> (enable) 2007 May 21 20:23:09 %SYS-5-SUP_MODSBY:Module 6 is in standby
    mode
    2007 May 21 20:23:11 %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNCSTART:Active supervisor is synchronizing
    bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    Access2> (enable) show system highavailability
    Highavailability: enabled
    Highavailability versioning: disabled
    Highavailability Operational-status: OFF(standby-supervisor-image-incompatible)
    

    活动 Supervisor 模块将 CatOS 复制到备用 Supervisor 模块。它还为新的 CatOS 配置备用 Supervisor 引擎的引导变量。

    Access2> (enable)
    2007 May 21 20:24:23 %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNCFINISH:Active superviso
    r has synchronized bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin

    将 CatOS 镜像复制到备用 Supervisor 后,备用模块 6 会自动使用新镜像重新载入。

    This module is now in standby mode.
    Console is disabled for standby supervisor
    
    System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(18r)SX2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 2004 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Cat6k-Sup32 platform with 524288 Kbytes of main memory
    
    Autoboot executing command: "boot bootdisk:RTSYNC_cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin"
    Self decompressing the image : #################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ##################################################### [OK]
    
    
    System Power On Diagnostics
    DRAM Size ..........................512 MB
    Testing DRAM .......................Passed
    Verifying Text Segment .............Passed
    NVRAM Size .........................2048 KB
    Level2 Cache .......................Present
    Level3 Cache .......................Absent
    System Power On Diagnostics Complete
    
    Currently running ROMMON from S (Gold) region
    Boot image: bootdisk:RTSYNC_cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    
    Firmware compiled 01-Dec-06 12:57 by integ Build [100]
    
    This module is now in standby mode.
    Console is disabled for standby supervisor
  3. 备用模块启动后,便可以验证通过活动 Supervisor 模块验证冗余状态。

    Access2> (enable) 2007 May 21 20:26:22 %SYS-5-SUP_MODSBY:Module 6 is in standby
    mode
    2007 May 21 20:26:23 %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNC:File synchronization process will start
    in 120 seconds
    2007 May 21 20:27:08 %SYS-1-SYS_LCPERR1:Module 16: RP requested reset of peer RP
    : MSFC on module 16 will be reset
    2007 May 21 20:27:24 %DIAG-6-RUN_MINIMUM:Module 6: Running Minimal Diagnostics..
    .
    2007 May 21 20:27:24 %DIAG-6-DIAG_OK:Module 6: Passed Online Diagnostics
    2007 May 21 20:27:25 %SYS-3-TRANSCEIVER_NOTSUPP: Transceiver on port 6/1 is not
    supported
    2007 May 21 20:27:25 %SYS-3-TRANSCEIVER_NOTSUPP: Transceiver on port 6/2 is not
    supported
    2007 May 21 20:27:25 %SYS-5-PORT_SSUPOK:Ports on standby supervisor (module 6) a
    re up
    2007 May 21 20:27:25 %SYS-3-MOD_PORTINTFINSYNC:Port Interface in sync for Module
     6
    2007 May 21 20:28:24 %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNCSTART:Active supervisor
     is synchronizing bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    2007 May 21 20:28:25 %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNCFINISH:Active supervisor has synchronized
     bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    Access2> (enable)
    Access2> (enable) dir
          2   -rw-  10029260    Dec 13 2006 15:37:08 cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    245735424 bytes available (10031104 bytes used)
    Access2> (enable) dir 6/
          2   -rw-   9356096    May 11 2006 19:04:09 cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-4-5.bin
       2287   -rw-  10029260    May 21 2007 20:24:10 RTSYNC_cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-
    8.bin
    
    !--- You can see the copied CatOS name starts with RTSYNC_
    
    236900352 bytes available (19390464 bytes used)
    
    Access2> (enable) show system highavailability
    Highavailability: enabled
    Highavailability versioning: disabled
    Highavailability Operational-status: ON
    

在添加新的 Supervisor 模块之后验证 Supervisor 模块

请执行以下步骤:

  1. Show module 输出:

    Access2> (enable) show module
    Mod Slot Ports Module-Type               Model               Sub Status
    --- ---- ----- ------------------------- ------------------- --- --------
    1   1    0     1000BaseX Ethernet                            no  power-down
    2   2    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6248-RJ-45      no  ok
    3   3    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6348-RJ-45      yes ok
    4   4    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6348-RJ-45      yes ok
    5   5    9     1000BaseX Supervisor      WS-SUP32-GE-3B      yes ok
    15  5    1     Multilayer Switch Feature WS-F6K-MSFC2A       no  ok
    6   6    9     1000BaseX Supervisor      WS-SUP32-GE-3B      yes standby
    7   7    5     Communication Media Mod.  WS-SVC-CMM          no  ok
    8   8    0     FXS                                           no  power-down
    9   9    0     10/100BaseTX Ethernet                         no  power-down
    
    
    !--- Output suppressed
    
    
    Mod Sub-Type                Sub-Model           Sub-Serial  Sub-Hw Sub-Sw
    --- ----------------------- ------------------- ----------- ------ ------
    3   Inline Power Module     WS-F6K-VPWR                     1.0    1.1(1)
    4   Inline Power Module     WS-F6K-VPWR                     1.0    1.1(1)
    5   L3 Switching Engine III WS-F6K-PFC3B        SAL1012GREU 2.1
    6   L3 Switching Engine III WS-F6K-PFC3B        SAL1017L9WJ 2.1
    
  2. 验证冗余历史:

    Access2> (enable) show system redundancy-history
       Maximum entries of switchover history table = 10
       System cold start due to switchover failure = 4
       Standby available time (secs*100)          = 33291
    
       Redundant History Switchover Table:

验证 MSFC IOS

在 SYNC 进程运行过程中会自动复制 CatOS。但不会自动复制 MSFC 的 IOS。

  1. 验证 MSFC 的 IOS 和冗余:

    
    !--- 1. Connect to MSFC
    
    Access2> (enable) session 15
    Trying Router-15...
    Connected to Router-15.
    Escape character is '^]'.
    
    LAB-Router>enable
    
    
    !--- 2. Verify the IOS file in the bootflash
    
    LAB-Router#dir
    Directory of bootflash:/
    
        1  -rwx    17966324  Dec 13 2006 15:12:29 +00:00  c6msfc2a-adventerprisek9_w
    an-mz.122-18.SXF7.bin
    
    65536000 bytes total (47569548 bytes free)
    
    
    !--- 3. Show version output
    
    LAB-Router#show version
    Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
    IOS (tm) MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), Version 12.2(18)SXF7,
     RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Thu 23-Nov-06 01:03 by kellythw
    Image text-base: 0x40101040, data-base: 0x42638000
    
    ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(17r)SX3, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    BOOTLDR: MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), Version 12.2(18)SXF7,
     RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    
    LAB-Router uptime is 26 minutes
    System returned to ROM by power-on
    System image file is "bootflash:c6msfc2a-adventerprisek9_wan-mz.122-18.SXF7.bin"
    
    
    !--- 4. MSFC redundancy status
    
    LAB-Router#show redundancy
    Redundant System Information :
    ------------------------------
           Available system uptime = 4 minutes
    Switchovers system experienced = 0
                  Standby failures = 0
            Last switchover reason = unsupported
    
                     Hardware Mode = Duplex
        Configured Redundancy Mode = Stateful SwitchOver - SSO
         Operating Redundancy Mode = Route Processor Redundancy
    
    !--- It is running in the RPR mode because the standby MSFC 
    !--- is running different version of IOS.
    
                  Maintenance Mode = Disabled
                    Communications = Up
    
    Current Processor Information :
    -------------------------------
                   Active Location = slot 5
            Current Software state = ACTIVE
           Uptime in current state = 4 minutes
                     Image Version = Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
    IOS (tm) MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), 
    Version 12.2(18)SXF7, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Thu 23-Nov-06 01:03 by kellythw
                              BOOT =
                       CONFIG_FILE =
                           BOOTLDR =
            Configuration register = 0x2102
    
    Peer Processor Information :
    ----------------------------
                  Standby Location = slot 6
            Current Software state = STANDBY COLD
           Uptime in current state = 2 minutes
                     Image Version = Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
    IOS (tm) MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-IPBASE_WAN-M), 
    Version 12.2(18)SXF4, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Thu 23-Mar-06 14:53 by tinhuang
                              BOOT =
                       CONFIG_FILE =
                           BOOTLDR =
            Configuration register = 0x2102
    
    !--- Note that the boot variable is blank. The MSFC boots the 
    !--- first IOS image in the bootflash:
    
    LAB-Router#
    
    LAB-Router#exit
    Access2> (enable)
  2. 升级备用 MSFC 上的 IOS。

    1. 将 IOS 镜像复制到备用 MSFC:

      LAB-Router#copy c6msfc2a-adventerprisek9_wan-mz.122-18.SXF7.bin slavebootflash:/
      Destination filename [c6msfc2a-adventerprisek9_wan-mz.122-18.SXF7.bin]?
      Copy in progress...CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
      CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
      CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
      CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
      17966324 bytes copied in 44.180 secs (406662 bytes/sec)
      LAB-Router#
      
      
      !--- Delete the old IOS image. Because the boot variable is blank 
      !--- and the MSFC boots the first IOS image in the bootflash:
      
      
      LAB-Router#cd slavebootflash:
      
      LAB-Router#delete c6msfc2a-ipbase_wan-mz.122-18.SXF4.bin
      Delete filename [c6msfc2a-ipbase_wan-mz.122-18.SXF4.bin]?
      Delete slavebootflash:c6msfc2a-ipbase_wan-mz.122-18.SXF4.bin? [confirm]
      LAB-Router#
    2. 重新载入备用 Supervisor 模块:

      LAB-Router#exit
      
      Access2> (enable) reset 6
      This command will reset module 6.
      Do you want to continue (y/n) [n]? y
      2007 May 21 21:14:03 %SYS-5-MOD_RESET:Module 6 reset from Console//
      Resetting module 6...
      
      
      Access2> (enable) show system highavailability
      Highavailability: enabled
      Highavailability versioning: disabled
      Highavailability Operational-status: OFF(standby-supervisor-not-present)
      Access2> (enable)
      
      2007 May 21 21:16:01 %SYS-5-SUP_MODSBY:Module 6 is in standby
      mode
      2007 May 21 21:16:02 %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNC:File synchronization 
      process will start
      in 120 seconds
      2007 May 21 21:16:03 %DIAG-6-RUN_MINIMUM:Module 6: Running Minimal 
      Diagnostics..
      .
      2007 May 21 21:16:05 %DIAG-6-DIAG_OK:Module 6: Passed Online Diagnostics
      2007 May 21 21:16:06 %SYS-3-TRANSCEIVER_NOTSUPP: 
      Transceiver on port 6/1 is not supported
      2007 May 21 21:16:06 %SYS-3-TRANSCEIVER_NOTSUPP: 
      Transceiver on port 6/2 is not supported
      2007 May 21 21:16:06 %SYS-5-PORT_SSUPOK:Ports on standby supervisor 
      (module 6) are up
      2007 May 21 21:16:07 %SYS-3-MOD_PORTINTFINSYNC:Port Interface in 
      sync for Module
       6
      2007 May 21 21:16:49 %SYS-1-SYS_LCPERR1:Module 16: RP requeste
      d reset of peer RP: MSFC on module 16 will be reset
      
      Access2> (enable) show system highavailability
      Highavailability: enabled
      Highavailability versioning: disabled
      Highavailability Operational-status: ON
      Access2> (enable)
  3. 在升级后验证 MSFC IOS:

    Access2> (enable) session 15
    Trying Router-15...
    Connected to Router-15.
    Escape character is '^]'.
    
    LAB-Router>enable
    
    LAB-Router#show redundancy
    Redundant System Information :
    ------------------------------
           Available system uptime = 17 minutes
    Switchovers system experienced = 0
                  Standby failures = 1
            Last switchover reason = unsupported
    
                     Hardware Mode = Duplex
        Configured Redundancy Mode = Stateful SwitchOver - SSO
         Operating Redundancy Mode = Stateful SwitchOver - SSO
                  Maintenance Mode = Disabled
                    Communications = Up
    
    Current Processor Information :
    -------------------------------
                   Active Location = slot 5
            Current Software state = ACTIVE
           Uptime in current state = 17 minutes
                     Image Version = Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
    IOS (tm) MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), 
    Version 12.2(18)SXF7, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Thu 23-Nov-06 01:03 by kellythw
                              BOOT =
                       CONFIG_FILE =
                           BOOTLDR =
            Configuration register = 0x2102
    
    Peer Processor Information :
    ----------------------------
                  Standby Location = slot 6
            Current Software state = STANDBY HOT
           Uptime in current state = 0 minutes
                     Image Version = Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
    IOS (tm) MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), 
    Version 12.2(18)SXF7, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Thu 23-Nov-06 01:03 by kellythw
                              BOOT =
                       CONFIG_FILE =
                           BOOTLDR =
            Configuration register = 0x2102
    
    
    LAB-Router#

故障切换至备用 Supervisor 并进行验证

现在,您可以将 Supervisor 模块故障切换至新添加的备用 Supervisor 模块并对其进行测试。

  1. 对 Supervisor 模块进行故障切换:

    Access2> (enable) switch supervisor
    This command will force a switch-over to the standby Supervisor module.
    Do you want to continue (y/n) [n]? y
    2007 May 21 20:40:37 %SYS-5-MOD_RESET:Module 5 reset from Console//
    Access2> (enable)
    System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(18r)SX2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 2004 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Cat6k-Sup32 platform with 262144 Kbytes of main memory
    
    Autoboot executing command: "boot bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin"
    Self decompressing the image : #################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ################################################################################
    ##################################################### [OK]
    
    
    System Power On Diagnostics
    DRAM Size ..........................256 MB
    Testing DRAM .......................Passed
    Verifying Text Segment .............Passed
    NVRAM Size .........................2048 KB
    Level2 Cache .......................Present
    Level3 Cache .......................Absent
    System Power On Diagnostics Complete
    
    Currently running ROMMON from S (Gold) region
    Boot image: bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
    
    
    Firmware compiled 01-Dec-06 12:57 by integ Build [100]
    
    This module is now in standby mode.
    Console is disabled for standby supervisor
    
  2. 通过控制台连接到当前的活动模块 Supervisor 6。

    1. 冗余状态:

      Access2> (enable) show system highavailability
      Highavailability: enabled
      Highavailability versioning: disabled
      Highavailability Operational-status: ON
      
      Access2> (enable) show system redundancy-history
         Maximum entries of switchover history table = 10
         System cold start due to switchover failure = 4
         Standby available time (secs*100)          = 98984
      
         Redundant History Switchover Table:
            Index: 1
            Previous active supervisor module: 5
            Current active supervisor module : 6
            Switchover reason                : user initiated
            Switchover time                  : Mon May 21 2007, 20:40:37
    2. Show version:

      Access2> (enable) show version
      WS-C6509 Software, Version NmpSW: 8.5(8)
      Copyright (c) 1995-2006 by Cisco Systems
      NMP S/W compiled on Dec  1 2006, 23:03:43
      
      System Bootstrap Version: 12.2
      System Boot Image File is 'bootdisk:RTSYNC_cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin'
      System Configuration register is 0x2102
    3. 引导变量:

      Access2> (enable) show boot
      BOOT variable = bootdisk:RTSYNC_cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin,1;bootdisk:cat6000
      -sup32pfc3k8.8-4-5.bin,1;
      CONFIG_FILE variable = bootdisk:switch.cfg
      
      Configuration register is 0x2102
      ignore-config: disabled
      auto-config: non-recurring, overwrite, sync disabled
      ROMMON console baud: 9600
      boot: image specified by the boot system commands
      
      Image auto sync is enabled
      Image auto sync timer is 120 seconds
    4. Show module:

      Access2> (enable) show module
      Mod Slot Ports Module-Type               Model               Sub Status
      --- ---- ----- ------------------------- ------------------- --- --------
      1   1          Unknown Card                                  power-down
      2   2    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6248-RJ-45      no  ok
      3   3    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6348-RJ-45      yes ok
      4   4    48    10/100BaseTX Ethernet     WS-X6348-RJ-45      yes ok
      5   5    9     1000BaseX Supervisor      WS-SUP32-GE-3B      yes standby
      6   6    9     1000BaseX Supervisor      WS-SUP32-GE-3B      yes ok
      16  6    1     Multilayer Switch Feature WS-F6K-MSFC2A       no  ok
      7   7    5     Communication Media Mod.  WS-SVC-CMM          no  ok
      8   8    0     FXS                                           no  power-down
      9   9          Unknown Card                                  power-down
      
      
      !--- Output suppressed
      
      
      Mod Sub-Type                Sub-Model           Sub-Serial  Sub-Hw Sub-Sw
      --- ----------------------- ------------------- ----------- ------ ------
      3   Inline Power Module     WS-F6K-VPWR                     1.0    1.1(1)
      4   Inline Power Module     WS-F6K-VPWR                     1.0    1.1(1)
      5   L3 Switching Engine III WS-F6K-PFC3B        SAL1012GREU 2.1
      6   L3 Switching Engine III WS-F6K-PFC3B        SAL1017L9WJ 2.1
      Access2> (enable)
  3. 验证 MSFC:

    Access2> (enable) session 16
    Trying Router-16...
    Connected to Router-16.
    Escape character is '^]'.
    
    LAB-Router>enable
    
    LAB-Router#show version
    Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
    IOS (tm) MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), 
    Version 12.2(18)SXF7, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Thu 23-Nov-06 01:03 by kellythw
    Image text-base: 0x40101040, data-base: 0x42638000
    
    ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(17r)SX3, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    BOOTLDR: MSFC2A Software (C6MSFC2A-ADVENTERPRISEK9_WAN-M), Version 12.2(18)SXF7,
     RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    
    LAB-Router uptime is 7 minutes
    System returned to ROM by Stateful Switchover
    System image file is "bootflash:c6msfc2a-adventerprisek9_wan-mz.122-18.SXF7.bin"
    
    
    This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United
    States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and
    use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply
    third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption.
    Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for
    compliance with U.S. and local country laws. By using this product you
    agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable
    to comply with U.S. and local laws, return this product immediately.
    
    A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at:
    http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html
    
    If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to
    export@cisco.com.
    
    cisco MSFC2A (R7000) processor (revision MSFC2A) with 458752K/65536K bytes of me
    mory.
    Processor board ID MSFC2A
    R7000 CPU at 300Mhz, Implementation 0x27, Rev 3.3, 256KB L2, 1024KB L3 Cache
    Last reset from power-on
    SuperLAT software (copyright 1990 by Meridian Technology Corp).
    X.25 software, Version 3.0.0.
    Bridging software.
    TN3270 Emulation software.
    29 Virtual Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 interfaces
    509K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.
    
    65536K bytes of Flash internal SIMM (Sector size 512K).
    Configuration register is 0x2102

重命名 Catalyst OS

可以看到更换的 Supervisor 模块中的 CatOS 名称以 RTSYNC 开头。可以使系统保持原样运行。您也可以更改该文件名并将其保留为标准名称,如下所示:

Access2> (enable) rename RTSYNC_cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin 
cat6000-sup32pfc3k 8.8-5-8.bin
Access2> (enable) dir
    2287   -rw-  10029260    May 21 2007 21:40:01 cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin

236900352 bytes available (19390464 bytes used)
Access2> (enable)

重命名文件后,必须更改引导变量。


!--- Verify boot variable

Access2> (enable) show boot
BOOT variable = bootdisk:RTSYNC_cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin,1;bootdisk:cat6000
-sup32pfc3k8.8-4-5.bin,1;
CONFIG_FILE variable = bootdisk:switch.cfg

Configuration register is 0x2102
ignore-config: disabled
auto-config: non-recurring, overwrite, sync disabled
ROMMON console baud: 9600
boot: image specified by the boot system commands

Image auto sync is enabled
Image auto sync timer is 120 seconds


!--- Clear all the boot variables

Access2> (enable) clear boot system all
BOOT variable =
Access2> (enable) 2007 May 21 21:41:56 %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNC:File synchronization p
rocess will start in 120 seconds


!--- Configure the boot variable

Access2> (enable) set boot system flash bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin
BOOT variable = bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin,1;
Access2> (enable) 2007 May 21 21:42:14 %SYS-5-SUP_IMGSYNC:File synchronization p
rocess will start in 120 seconds


!--- Verify the boot variable

Access2> (enable) show boot
BOOT variable = bootdisk:cat6000-sup32pfc3k8.8-5-8.bin,1;
CONFIG_FILE variable = bootdisk:switch.cfg

Configuration register is 0x2102
ignore-config: disabled
auto-config: non-recurring, overwrite, sync disabled
ROMMON console baud: 9600
boot: image specified by the boot system commands

Image auto sync is enabled
Image auto sync timer is 120 seconds

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Document ID: 91897