Segurança : Cisco Email Security Appliance

Como eu paro o ESA de adicionar um encabeçamento recebido a meus mensagens de Email que parte?

19 Setembro 2015 - Tradução por Computador
Outras Versões: Versão em PDFpdf | Inglês (22 Agosto 2015) | Feedback

Introdução

Este documento descreve como proteger e esconder endereços IP internos ou nomes de host dos cabeçalhos de correio que parte para os email que são processados através de uma ferramenta de segurança do email (ESA).

Contribuído por John Yu e por Robert Sherwin, engenheiros de TAC da Cisco.

Como eu paro o ESA de adicionar um encabeçamento recebido a meus mensagens de Email que parte?

Um ouvinte altera o email que retransmite adicionando um encabeçamento “recebido” a cada mensagem antes que a mensagem esteja processada do ESA. Desabilitar o encabeçamento recebido é uma maneira de assegurar-se de que sua topologia de rede não esteja exposta revelando os endereços IP de Um ou Mais Servidores Cisco ICM NT ou os nomes de host dos servidores internos em nenhuma mensagens que viajam fora de sua infraestrutura.

O exemplo seguinte mostra como desabilitar a adição do encabeçamento recebido para todo o correio que parte:

myesa.local> listenerconfig


Currently configured listeners:
1. InboundMail (on Management, 172.16.6.165) SMTP TCP Port 25 Public

Choose the operation you want to perform:
- NEW - Create a new listener.
- EDIT - Modify a listener.
- DELETE - Remove a listener.
- SETUP - Change global settings.
[]> edit

Enter the name or number of the listener you wish to edit.
[]> 1

Name: InboundMail
Type: Public
Interface: Management (172.16.6.165/24) TCP Port 25
Protocol: SMTP
Default Domain: <none configured>
Max Concurrent Connections: 50 (TCP Queue: 50)
Domain Map: Disabled
TLS: No
SMTP Authentication: Disabled
Bounce Profile: Default
Use SenderBase For Reputation Filters and IP Profiling: Yes
Footer: None
Heading: None
SMTP Call-Ahead: Disabled
LDAP: Off


Choose the operation you want to perform:
- NAME - Change the name of the listener.
- INTERFACE - Change the interface.
- CERTIFICATE - Choose the certificate.
- LIMITS - Change the injection limits.
- SETUP - Configure general options.
- HOSTACCESS - Modify the Host Access Table.
- RCPTACCESS - Modify the Recipient Access Table.
- BOUNCECONFIG - Choose the bounce profile to use for messages injected
on this listener.
- MASQUERADE - Configure the Domain Masquerading Table.
- DOMAINMAP - Configure domain mappings.
[]> setup


Listener InboundMail Options

Default Domain: <none configured>
Add "Received:" Header: Yes
Clean messages of bare CR/LF: Yes
Enable SenderBase Reputation Filters and IP Profiling: Yes
SenderBase query timeout: 5
SenderBase per-connection timeout: 20
Footer Attachment: <none configured>
Heading Attachment: <none configured>
Address Parser Type: Loose

Choose the operation you want to perform:
- DEFAULTDOMAIN - Configure a default domain name.
- RECEIVED - Set whether or not a Received: header is added.
- CLEANSMTP - Set whether or not to repair bare CR and LF in messages.
- SENDERBASE - Set SenderBase options.
- FOOTER - Configure to add a footer to every message.
- HEADING - Configure to add a heading to every message.
- ADDRESS - Configure email address restrictions.
[]> received

Would you like the system to add a "Received:" header to each message received
on this listener? [Y]> n



Listener InboundMail Options

Default Domain: <none configured>
Add "Received:" Header: No
Clean messages of bare CR/LF: Yes
Enable SenderBase Reputation Filters and IP Profiling: Yes
SenderBase query timeout: 5
SenderBase per-connection timeout: 20
Footer Attachment: <none configured>
Heading Attachment: <none configured>
Address Parser Type: Loose

Choose the operation you want to perform:
- DEFAULTDOMAIN - Configure a default domain name.
- RECEIVED - Set whether or not a Received: header is added.
- CLEANSMTP - Set whether or not to repair bare CR and LF in messages.
- SENDERBASE - Set SenderBase options.
- FOOTER - Configure to add a footer to every message.
- HEADING - Configure to add a heading to every message.
- ADDRESS - Configure email address restrictions.
[]>

Name: InboundMail
Type: Public
Interface: Management (172.16.6.165/24) TCP Port 25
Protocol: SMTP
Default Domain: <none configured>
Max Concurrent Connections: 50 (TCP Queue: 50)
Domain Map: Disabled
TLS: No
SMTP Authentication: Disabled
Bounce Profile: Default
Use SenderBase For Reputation Filters and IP Profiling: Yes
Footer: None
Heading: None
SMTP Call-Ahead: Disabled
LDAP: Off


Choose the operation you want to perform:
- NAME - Change the name of the listener.
- INTERFACE - Change the interface.
- CERTIFICATE - Choose the certificate.
- LIMITS - Change the injection limits.
- SETUP - Configure general options.
- HOSTACCESS - Modify the Host Access Table.
- RCPTACCESS - Modify the Recipient Access Table.
- BOUNCECONFIG - Choose the bounce profile to use for messages injected
on this listener.
- MASQUERADE - Configure the Domain Masquerading Table.
- DOMAINMAP - Configure domain mappings.
[]>


Currently configured listeners:
1. InboundMail (on Management, 172.16.6.165) SMTP TCP Port 25 Public

Choose the operation you want to perform:
- NEW - Create a new listener.
- EDIT - Modify a listener.
- DELETE - Remove a listener.
- SETUP - Change global settings.
[]>

myesa.local> commit

Please enter some comments describing your changes:
[]> listenerconfig, removed received header configuration

Do you want to save the current configuration for rollback? [Y]>

Verificação

Durante o processamento de mensagem de partida ou do relé, antes que o processamento de mensagem esteja terminado o no ESA, você observará que o primeiro encabeçamento “recebido” do salto está introduzido nos cabeçalhos de correio completos de uma mensagem, como destacado abaixo:

X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Filtered: true
X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Result: Ap8BAHDK41OsEAYB/2dsb2JhbAANTbIvAwaBD4YIlyGJE4UaISJ
DAlyIegGtOoJpjVAKGYEahREXhXyJbYMZgRwBBJILihCHTZEW
X-IPAS-Result: Ap8BAHDK41OsEAYB/2dsb2JhbAANTbIvAwaBD4YIlyGJE4UaISJDAlyIegGtOoJpj
VAKGYEahREXhXyJbYMZgRwBBJILihCHTZEW
X-IronPort-AV: E=Sophos;i="5.01,819,1400040000";
d="scan'208";a="215"
Received: from unknown (HELO [172.16.6.1]) ([172.16.6.1]) by myesa_2.local
with ESMTP; 07 Aug 2014 14:54:46 -0400

From: End User <end_user@domain.com>
Subject: HELLO - received header [BEFORE listenerconfig]
Message-ID: <C78097B1-BD05-48BE-902C-9D692D344D5B@gmail.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Aug 2014 14:54:50 -0400
To: <end_recipient@domain.com>
MIME-Version: 1.0 (Mac OS X Mail 7.3 \(1878.6\))
X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.1878.6)
Return-Path: end_user@domain.com
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthSource: xxx-yyy-000.domain.com
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthAs: Internal
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthMechanism: 10
Content-type: text/plain;
charset="US-ASCII"
Content-transfer-encoding: 7bit

BEFORE listenerconfig

Uma vez que isto é configurado no ouvinte em nível para não adicionar o encabeçamento “recebido”, não esta presente nos cabeçalhos de correio completos de uma mensagem:

X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Filtered: true
X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Result: Ap8BAAnM41OsEAYB/2dsb2JhbAANTbIwAwaBD4YIlyGJFIUaISJ
DAlw6iEABrT2CaY1SChmBGoURF4V8jQaBHAWSC4oQmGM
X-IPAS-Result: Ap8BAAnM41OsEAYB/2dsb2JhbAANTbIwAwaBD4YIlyGJFIUaISJDAlw6iEABrT2Ca
Y1SChmBGoURF4V8jQaBHAWSC4oQmGM
X-IronPort-AV: E=Sophos;i="5.01,819,1400040000";
d="scan'208";a="216"
From: End User <end_user@domain.com>
Subject: HELLO - received header [AFTER listenerconfig]
Message-ID: <F1AEEE6E-BB0A-42BF-9FD0-775AAF25ACAC@gmail.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Aug 2014 14:58:36 -0400
To: "End User (end_recipient)" <end_recipient@domain.com>
MIME-Version: 1.0 (Mac OS X Mail 7.3 \(1878.6\))
X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.1878.6)
Return-Path: end_user@domain.com
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthSource: xxx-yyy-000.domain.com
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthAs: Internal
X-MS-Exchange-Organization-AuthMechanism: 10
Content-type: text/plain;
charset="US-ASCII"
Content-transfer-encoding: 7bit

AFTER listenerconfig

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Document ID: 118235