Segurança e VPN : Negociação IPSec/Protocolos IKE

Configurando o firewall PIX segura Cisco 6.0 e os Cisco VPN Client que usam o IPsec

19 Setembro 2015 - Tradução por Computador
Outras Versões: Versão em PDFpdf | Tradução Manual (22 Maio 2008) | Inglês (22 Agosto 2015) | Feedback


Índice


Introdução

O software Cisco Secure PIX Firewall versão 6.0 e posteriores são compatíveis com conexões do cliente Cisco VPN 3.x e 4.x. Esta configuração de exemplo mostra duas versões dos clientes VPN que conectam e criptografam o tráfego com o PIX como o ponto final do túnel. Nesta configuração, um pool de endereços é configurado para ser atribuído à segurança IP (IPsec).

Pré-requisitos

Requisitos

Esta configuração de exemplo supõe que o PIX já se opera com estatísticas apropriadas, conduítes, ou Listas de acesso. Este documento não é pretendido ilustrar estes conceitos básicos, mas mostrar a Conectividade ao PIX de um Cisco VPN Client.

Componentes Utilizados

As informações neste documento são baseadas nestas versões de software e hardware:

  • PIX Software Release 6.2(1)

    Nota: Esta instalação foi testada no PIX Software Release 6.2(1), mas deve trabalhar em versões anterior de volta a 6.0(1) assim como em umas liberações mais atrasadas.

  • Versão Cliente VPN Cisco 3.6 Rel

    Nota: Esta instalação foi testada no cliente VPN v4.0 Rel, mas deve trabalhar em versões anterior de volta ao 3.0 e até a versão atual.

As informações neste documento foram criadas a partir de dispositivos em um ambiente de laboratório específico. Todos os dispositivos utilizados neste documento foram iniciados com uma configuração (padrão) inicial. Se a sua rede estiver ativa, certifique-se de que entende o impacto potencial de qualquer comando.

Convenções

Consulte as Convenções de Dicas Técnicas da Cisco para obter mais informações sobre convenções de documentos.

Configurar

Nesta seção, você encontrará informações para configurar os recursos descritos neste documento.

Diagrama de Rede

Este documento utiliza a seguinte configuração de rede:

/image/gif/paws/14091/pix3000-01.gif

Configure o PIX

Nota: Use a ferramenta Command Lookup Tool (apenas para clientes registrados) para obter mais informações sobre os comandos usados neste documento.

PIX
PIX Version 6.2(1)
nameif ethernet0 outside security0
nameif ethernet1 inside security100
enable password OnTrBUG1Tp0edmkr encrypted
passwd 2KFQnbNIdI.2KYOU encrypted
hostname goss-d3-pix515b
domain-name rtp.cisco.com
fixup protocol ftp 21
fixup protocol http 80
fixup protocol h323 1720
fixup protocol rsh 514
fixup protocol smtp 25
fixup protocol sqlnet 1521
fixup protocol sip 5060
fixup protocol skinny 2000
names
!

!--- Access list to avoid Network Address Translation (NAT)
!--- on the IPSec packets.

access-list 101 permit ip 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.2.0 255.255.255.0 
pager lines 24
interface ethernet0 auto
interface ethernet1 auto
mtu outside 1500
mtu inside 1500
!

!--- IP addresses on the interfaces

ip address outside 172.18.124.216 255.255.255.0
ip address inside 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
ip audit info action alarm
ip audit attack action alarm
ip local pool ippool 10.1.2.1-10.1.2.254
no failover
failover timeout 0:00:00
failover poll 15
failover ip address outside 0.0.0.0
failover ip address inside 0.0.0.0
pdm history enable
arp timeout 14400
!

!--- Binding ACL 101 to the NAT statement to avoid NAT
!--- on the IPSec packets.

nat (inside) 0 access-list 101
!

!--- Default route to the Internet.

route outside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.18.124.1 1
timeout xlate 3:00:00
timeout conn 1:00:00 half-closed 0:10:00 udp 0:02:00 rpc 0:10:00 
   h323 0:05:00 sip 0:30:00 sip_media 0:02:00
timeout uauth 0:05:00 absolute
aaa-server TACACS+ protocol tacacs+ 
aaa-server RADIUS protocol radius 
http server enable
http 1.2.3.5 255.255.255.255 inside
no snmp-server location
no snmp-server contact
snmp-server community public
no snmp-server enable traps
floodguard enable
!

!--- The sysopt command avoids conduit
!--- on the IPSec encrypted traffic.

sysopt connection permit-ipsec
no sysopt route dnat
!

!--- Phase 2 encryption type

crypto ipsec transform-set myset esp-des esp-md5-hmac 
crypto dynamic-map dynmap 10 set transform-set myset
crypto map mymap 10 ipsec-isakmp dynamic dynmap
!

!--- Binding the IPSec engine on the outside interface.

crypto map mymap interface outside
!

!--- Enabling Internet Security Association and 
!--- Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) key exchange.

isakmp enable outside
isakmp identity address
!

!--- ISAKMP policy for VPN Client running 3.x or 4.x code.

isakmp policy 10 authentication pre-share
isakmp policy 10 encryption des
isakmp policy 10 hash md5
isakmp policy 10 group 2
isakmp policy 10 lifetime 86400
!

!--- IPSec group configuration for either VPN Client.

vpngroup vpn3000 address-pool ippool
vpngroup vpn3000 dns-server 10.1.1.2
vpngroup vpn3000 wins-server 10.1.1.2
vpngroup vpn3000 default-domain cisco.com
vpngroup vpn3000 idle-time 1800
vpngroup vpn3000 password ********

!--- To allow simultaneous access to the 
!--- internal network and to the Internet.

vpngroup vpn3000 split-tunnel 101
telnet timeout 5
ssh timeout 5
terminal width 80
Cryptochecksum:94da63fc0bb8ce167407b3ea21c6642c
: end
[OK]

Configurar o Cisco VPN Client

Termine estas etapas a fim criar uma nova conexão usando o cliente VPN.

  1. Inicie o VPN Client e, em seguida, clique em New para criar uma nova conexão.

    /image/gif/paws/14091/pix3000-02.gif

  2. Insira as informações de configuração para a nova conexão.

    • No campo de entrada de conexão, atribua um nome a sua entrada.

    • No campo do host, incorpore o endereço IP de Um ou Mais Servidores Cisco ICM NT da interface pública do PIX.

    • Escolha a aba da autenticação, e incorpore então o grupo e a senha (duas vezes - para a confirmação).

    • Quando você terminou, clique a salvaguarda.

    /image/gif/paws/14091/pix3000-03.gif

  3. Clique em Connect para conectar ao PIX.

    /image/gif/paws/14091/pix3000-04.gif

Verificar

Use esta seção para confirmar se a sua configuração funciona corretamente.

A Output Interpreter Tool (apenas para clientes registrados) (OIT) suporta determinados comandos show. Use a OIT para exibir uma análise da saída do comando show.

  • mostre isakmp cripto sa — Veja todas as associações de segurança atuais do Internet Key Exchange (IKE) (SA) em um par.

  • mostre IPsec cripto sa — Veja os ajustes usados por SA atuais.

Troubleshooting

Use esta seção para resolver problemas de configuração.

Comandos para Troubleshooting

Nota: Consulte Informações Importantes sobre Comandos de Depuração antes de usar comandos debug.

  • IPsec do debug crypto — Use para ver as negociações de IPSEC de fase 2.

  • isakmp do debug crypto — Use para ver as negociações de ISAKMP de fase 1.

  • motor do debug crypto — Mostra o tráfego que é cifrado.

Exemplo de debug

Esta é uma amostra de um debug correto gerado com o cliente de Cisco VPN 3.0.x:

goss-d3-pix515b#debug crypto isakmp 
goss-d3-pix515b#debug crypto ipsec 
goss-d3-pix515b#debug crypto engine 
goss-d3-pix515b#show debug 
debug crypto ipsec 1 
debug crypto isakmp 1 
debug crypto engine 
debug fover status 
        tx      Off 
        rx      Off 
        open    Off 
        cable   Off 
        txdmp   Off 
        rxdmp   Off 
        ifc     Off 
        rxip    Off 
        txip    Off 
        get     Off 
        put     Off 
        verify  Off 
        switch  Off 
        fail    Off 
        fmsg    Off 
goss-d3-pix515b# goss-d3-pix515b# 
crypto_isakmp_process_block: src 172.18.124.96, dest 172.18.124.216 
OAK_AG exchange 
ISAKMP (0): processing SA payload. message ID = 0 

ISAKMP (0): Checking ISAKMP transform 1 against priority 10 policy 
ISAKMP:      encryption 3DES-CBC 
ISAKMP:      hash SHA 
ISAKMP:      default group 2 
ISAKMP:      extended auth pre-share 
ISAKMP:      life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are not acceptable. Next payload is 3 
ISAKMP (0): Checking ISAKMP transform 2 against priority 10 policy 
ISAKMP:      encryption 3DES-CBC 
ISAKMP:      hash MD5 
ISAKMP:      default group 2 
ISAKMP:      extended auth pre-share 
ISAKMP:      life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are not acceptable. Next payload is 3 
ISAKMP (0): Checking ISAKMP transform 3 against priority 10 policy 
ISAKMP:      encryption 3DES-CBC 
ISAKMP:      hash SHA 
ISAKMP:      default group 2 
ISAKMP:      auth pre-share 
ISAKMP:      life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are not acceptable. Next payload is 3 
ISAKMP (0): Checking ISAKMP transform 4 against priority 10 policy 
ISAKMP:      encryption 3DES-CBC 
ISAKMP:      hash MD5 
ISAKMP:      default group 2 
ISAKMP:      auth pre-share 
ISAKMP:      life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are not acceptable. Next payload is 3 
ISAKMP (0): Checking ISAKMP transform 5 against priority 10 policy 
ISAKMP:      encryption DES-CBC 
ISAKMP:      hash SHA 
ISAKMP:      default group 2 
ISAKMP:      extended auth pre-share 
ISAKMP:      life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are not acceptable. Next payload is 3 
ISAKMP (0): Checking ISAKMP transform 6 against priority 10 policy 
ISAKMP:      encryption DES-CBC 
ISAKMP:      hash MD5 
ISAKMP:      default group 2 
ISAKMP:      extended auth pre-share 
ISAKMP:      life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are not acceptable. Next payload is 3 
ISAKMP (0): Checking ISAKMP transform 7 against priority 10 policy 
ISAKMP:      encryption DES-CBC 
ISAKMP:      hash SHA 
ISAKMP:      default group 2 
ISAKMP:      auth pre-share 
ISAKMP:      life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are not acceptable. Next payload is 3 
ISAKMP (0): Checking ISAKMP transform 8 against priority 10 policy 
ISAKMP:      encryption DES-CBC 
ISAKMP:      hash MD5 
ISAKMP:      default group 2 
ISAKMP:      auth pre-share 
ISAKMP:      life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are acceptable. Next payload is 0 
ISAKMP (0): processing KE payload. message ID = 0 

ISAKMP (0): processing NONCE payload. message ID = 0 

ISAKMP (0): processing ID payload. message ID = 0 
ISAKMP (0): processing vendor id payload 

ISAKMP (0): processing vendor id payload 

ISAKMP (0): remote peer supports dead peer detection 

ISAKMP (0): processing vendor id payload 

ISAKMP (0): speaking to a Unity client 

ISAKMP: Created a peer node for 172.18.124.96 
ISAKMP (0): ID payload 
        next-payload : 10 
        type         : 1 
        protocol     : 17 
        port         : 500 
        length       : 8 
ISAKMP (0): Total payload length: 12 
return status is IKMP_NO_ERROR 
crypto_isakmp_process_block: src 172.18.124.96, dest 172.18.124.216 
OAK_AG exchange 
ISAKMP (0): processing HASH payload. message ID = 0 
ISAKMP (0): processing NOTIFY payload 24578 protocol 1 
        spi 0, message ID = 0 
ISAKMP (0): processing notify INITIAL_CONTACT
IPSEC(key_engine): got a queue event... 
IPSEC(key_engine_delete_sas): rec'd delete notify from ISAKMP 
IPSEC(key_engine_delete_sas): delete all SAs shared 
    with 172.18.124.96 

ISAKMP (0): SA has been authenticated 
return status is IKMP_NO_ERROR 
crypto_isakmp_process_block: src 172.18.124.96, dest 172.18.124.216 
ISAKMP_TRANSACTION exchange 
ISAKMP (0:0): processing transaction payload 
    from 172.18.124.96. message ID = 0 
ISAKMP: Config payload CFG_REQUEST 
ISAKMP (0:0): checking request: 
ISAKMP: attribute    IP4_ADDRESS (1) 
ISAKMP: attribute    IP4_NETMASK (2) 
ISAKMP: attribute    IP4_DNS (3) 
ISAKMP: attribute    IP4_NBNS (4) 
ISAKMP: attribute    ADDRESS_EXPIRY (5) 
        Unsupported Attr: 5 
ISAKMP: attribute    APPLICATION_VERSION (7) 
        Unsupported Attr: 7 
ISAKMP: attribute    UNKNOWN (28672) 
        Unsupported Attr: 28672 
ISAKMP: attribute    UNKNOWN (28673) 
        Unsupported Attr: 28673 
ISAKMP: attribute    UNKNOWN (28674) 
ISAKMP: attribute    UNKNOWN (28676) 
ISAKMP: attribute    UNKNOWN (28679) 
        Unsupported Attr: 28679 
ISAKMP (0:0): responding to peer config from 172.18.124.96. 
    ID = 525416177 
return status is IKMP_NO_ERROR 
crypto_isakmp_process_block: src 172.18.124.96, dest 172.18.124.216 
OAK_QM exchange 
oakley_process_quick_mode: 
OAK_QM_IDLE 
ISAKMP (0): processing SA payload. message ID = 805890102 

ISAKMP : Checking IPSec proposal 1 

ISAKMP: transform 1, ESP_3DES 
ISAKMP:   attributes in transform: 
ISAKMP:      authenticator is HMAC-MD5 
ISAKMP:      encaps is 1 
ISAKMP:      SA life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      SA life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
IPSEC(validate_proposal): transform proposal (prot 3, trans 3, 
    hmac_alg 1) not supported 

ISAKMP (0): atts not acceptable. Next payload is 0 
ISAKMP (0): skipping next ANDed proposal (1) 
ISAKMP : Checking IPSec proposal 2 

ISAKMP: transform 1, ESP_3DES 
ISAKMP:   attributes in transform: 
ISAKMP:      authenticator is HMAC-SHA 
ISAKMP:      encaps is 1 
ISAKMP:      SA life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      SA life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
IPSEC(validate_proposal): transform proposal (prot 3, trans 3, 
    hmac_alg 2) not supported 

ISAKMP (0): atts not acceptable. Next payload is 0 
ISAKMP (0): skipping next ANDed proposal (2) 
ISAKMP : Checking IPSec proposal 3 

ISAKMP: transform 1, ESP_3DES 
ISAKMP:   attributes in transform: 
ISAKMP:      authenticator is HMAC-MD5 
ISAKMP:      encaps is 1 
ISAKMP:      SA life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      SA life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
IPSEC(validate_proposal): transform proposal (prot 3, trans 3, 
    hmac_alg 1) not supported 

ISAKMP (0): atts not acceptable. Next payload is 0 
ISAKMP : Checking IPSec proposal 4 

ISAKMP: transform 1, ESP_3DES 
ISAKMP:   attributes in transform: 
ISAKMP:      authenticator is HMAC-SHA 
ISAKMP:      encaps is 1 
ISAKMP:      SA life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      SA life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
IPSEC(validate_proposal): transform proposal (prot 3, trans 3, 
    hmac_alg 2) not supported 

ISAKMP (0): atts not acceptable. Next payload is 0 
ISAKMP : Checking IPSec proposal 5 

ISAKMP: transform 1, ESP_DES 
ISAKMP:   attributes in transform: 
ISAKMP:      authenticator is HMAC-MD5 
ISAKMP:      encaps is 1 
ISAKMP:      SA life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      SA life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are acceptable. 
ISAKMP (0): bad SPI size of 2 octets! 
ISAKMP : Checking IPSec proposal 6 

ISAKMP: transform 1, ESP_DES 
ISAKMP:   attributes in transform: 
ISAKMP:      authenticator is HMAC-SHA 
ISAKMP:      encaps is 1 
ISAKMP:      SA life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      SA life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
IPSEC(validate_proposal): transform proposal (prot 3, trans 2, 
    hmac_alg 2) not supported 

ISAKMP (0): atts not acceptable. Next payload is 0 
ISAKMP (0): skipping next ANDed proposal (6) 
ISAKMP : Checking IPSec proposal 7 

ISAKMP: transform 1, ESP_DES 
ISAKMP:   attributes in transform: 
ISAKMP:      authenticator is HMAC-MD5 
ISAKMP:      encaps is 1 
ISAKMP:      SA life type in seconds 
ISAKMP:      SA life duration (VPI) of  0x0 0x20 0xc4 0x9b 
ISAKMP (0): atts are acceptable.
IPSEC(validate_proposal_request): proposal part #1, 
  (key eng. msg.) dest= 172.18.124.216, src= 172.18.124.96, 
    dest_proxy= 172.18.124.216/255.255.255.255/0/0 (type=1), 
    src_proxy= 10.1.2.1/255.255.255.255/0/0 (type=1), 
    protocol= ESP, transform= esp-des esp-md5-hmac , 
    lifedur= 0s and 0kb, 
    spi= 0x0(0), conn_id= 0, keysize= 0, flags= 0x4 

ISAKMP (0): processing NONCE payload. message ID = 805890102 

ISAKMP (0): processing ID payload. message ID = 805890102 
ISAKMP (0): ID_IPV4_ADDR src 10.1.2.1 prot 0 port 0 
ISAKMP (0): processing ID payload. message ID = 805890102 
ISAKMP (0): ID_IPV4_ADDR dst 172.18.124.216 prot 0 port 0
IPSEC(key_engine): got a queue event... 
IPSEC(spi_response): getting spi 0x13b00d31(330304817) for SA 
        from   172.18.124.96 to  172.18.124.216 for prot 3 

return status is IKMP_NO_ERROR 
crypto_isakmp_process_block: src 172.18.124.96, dest 172.18.124.216 
OAK_QM exchange 
oakley_process_quick_mode: 
OAK_QM_IDLE 
ISAKMP (0): processing SA payload. message ID = 935083707 

ISAKMP : Checking IPSec proposal 1 

ISAKMP: transform 1, ESP_3DES 
ISAKMP:   attributes in transform: 
ISAKMP:      authenticator is HMAC-MD5 
crypto_isakmp_process_block: src 172.18.124.96, dest 172.18.124.216 
OAK_QM exchange 
oakley_process_quick_mode: 
OAK_QM_AUTH_AWAITmap_alloc_entry: allocating entry 1 
map_alloc_entry: allocating entry 2 
ISAKMP (0): Creating IPSec SAs 
        inbound SA from   172.18.124.96 to  172.18.124.216 
		(proxy        10.1.2.1 to  172.18.124.216) 
        has spi 330304817 and conn_id 1 and flags 4 
        lifetime of 2147483 seconds 
        outbound SA from  172.18.124.216 to   172.18.124.96 
		(proxy  172.18.124.216 to        10.1.2.1) 
        has spi 2130279708 and conn_id 2 and flags 4 
        lifetime of 2147483 secondsIPSEC(key_engine): got a queue event... 
IPSEC(initialize_sas): , 
  (key eng. msg.) dest= 172.18.124.216, src= 172.18.124.96, 
    dest_proxy= 172.18.124.216/0.0.0.0/0/0 (type=1), 
    src_proxy= 10.1.2.1/0.0.0.0/0/0 (type=1), 
    protocol= ESP, transform= esp-des esp-md5-hmac , 
    lifedur= 2147483s and 0kb, 
    spi= 0x13b00d31(330304817), conn_id= 1, keysize= 0, flags= 0x4 
IPSEC(initialize_sas): , 
  (key eng. msg.) src= 172.18.124.216, dest= 172.18.124.96, 
    src_proxy= 172.18.124.216/0.0.0.0/0/0 (type=1), 
    dest_proxy= 10.1.2.1/0.0.0.0/0/0 (type=1), 
    protocol= ESP, transform= esp-des esp-md5-hmac , 
    lifedur= 2147483s and 0kb, 
    spi= 0x7ef97d1c(2130279708), conn_id= 2, keysize= 0, flags= 0x4 

return status is IKMP_NO_ERROR 
crypto_isakmp_process_block: src 172.18.124.96, dest 172.18.124.216 
OAK_QM exchange 
oakley_process_quick_mode: 
OAK_QM_AUTH_AWAITmap_alloc_entry: allocating entry 3 
map_alloc_entry: allocating entry 4 

ISAKMP (0): Creating IPSec SAs 
        inbound SA from   172.18.124.96 to  172.18.124.216 
		(proxy        10.1.2.1 to         0.0.0.0) 
        has spi 4139858833 and conn_id 3 and flags 4 
        lifetime of 2147483 seconds 
        outbound SA from  172.18.124.216 to   172.18.124.96 (
		proxy         0.0.0.0 to        10.1.2.1) 
        has spi 1487433401 and conn_id 4 and flags 4 
        lifetime of 2147483 seconds
IPSEC(key_engine): got a queue event... 
IPSEC(initialize_sas): , 
  (key eng. msg.) dest= 172.18.124.216, src= 172.18.124.96, 
    dest_proxy= 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0/0/0 (type=4), 
    src_proxy= 10.1.2.1/0.0.0.0/0/0 (type=1), 
    protocol= ESP, transform= esp-des esp-md5-hmac , 
    lifedur= 2147483s and 0kb, 
    spi= 0xf6IPSEC(initialize_sas): , 
  (key eng. msg.) src= 172.18.124.216, dest= 172.18.124.96, 
    src_proxy= 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0/0/0 (type=4), 
    dest_proxy= 10.1.2.1/0.0.0.0/0/0 (type=1), 
    protocol= ESP, transform= esp-des esp-md5-hmac , 
    lifedur= 2147483s and 0kb, 
    spi= 0x58a86eb9(1487433401), conn_id= 4, keysize= 0, flags= 0x4 

return status is IKMP_NO_ERROR 
crypto_isakmp_process_block: src 172.18.124.96, dest 172.18.124.216 
ISAKMP (0): processing NOTIFY payload 36136 protocol 1 
        spi 0, message ID = 1617869510 
ISAMKP (0): received DPD_R_U_THERE from peer 172.18.124.96 
ISAKMP (0): sending NOTIFY message 36137 protocol 1 
return status is IKMP_NO_ERR_NO_TRANS 
goss-d3-pix515b# 
goss-d3-pix515b# 
goss-d3-pix515b#no debug crypto isakmp 
goss-d3-pix515b#no debug crypto ipsec 
goss-d3-pix515b#no debug crypto engine 
goss-d3-pix515b#

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Document ID: 14091