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Release Notes for Cisco MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card for Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j

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Release Notes for Cisco MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card for Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j

Table Of Contents

Release Notes for Cisco MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card for Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j

Contents

Introduction

System Configuration Requirements

Determining the Software Version

Upgrading to a New Software Release

New and Changed Information

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC1 Software

Dual MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card Support

Ignoring the IP ID in RTP/UDP Header Compression

Configuring ACFC and PFC Handling During PPP Negotiation

Configuring the cUDP Flow Expiration Timeout Duration

Limitations, Restrictions, and Important Notes

Caveats

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j

Open Caveats

Resolved Caveats

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i

Open Caveats

Resolved Caveats

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g

Open Caveats

Resolved Caveats

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f

Open Caveats

Resolved Caveats

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e

Open Caveats

Resolved Caveats

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b

Open Caveats

Resolved Caveats

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a

Open Caveats

Resolved Caveats

Troubleshooting

Collecting Data for Back Card and Router Issues

Modifying the MLP Reorder Buffer

Documentation Updates

Related Documentation

Platform-Specific Documents

Feature Modules

Obtaining Documentation, Obtaining Support, and Security Guidelines


Release Notes for Cisco MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card for Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j


March 26, 2008

Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j

OL-2920-16

These release notes are for the Cisco MGX-RPM-1FE-CP for Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j. These release notes are updated as needed to describe new features, memory requirements, hardware support, software platform deferrals, and changes to the microcode and related documents.

For a list of the software caveats that apply to Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j see the "Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j" section. To review the release notes for Cisco IOS Release 12.2, go to www.cisco.com. Click the Support tab and select Select a Product from the drop-down menu. Under Select a category, click Routers. Under Select a product, click Cisco MWR 1900 Mobile Wireless Routers. Under General Information, click Release Notes. Under Cisco MWR 1941-DC Mobile Wireless Edge Router, select the particular release notes you want to review.

Contents

This document contains the following sections:

Introduction

System Configuration Requirements

New and Changed Information

Limitations, Restrictions, and Important Notes

Caveats

Troubleshooting

Documentation Updates

Related Documentation

Obtaining Documentation, Obtaining Support, and Security Guidelines

Introduction

The MGX-RPM-1FE-CP (one-port, Fast Ethernet-Co-processor) back card is a Cisco MGX 8850 RPM-PR back card that off-loads the following processes from the Route Processor Module (RPM-PR):

Compression/decompression of Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP)/User Datagram Protocol (UDP) headers (cRTP/cUDP)

Multiplexing/demultiplexing of Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) frames

The MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card is designed to be used with an MGX 8850 that is equipped with one or more RPM-PRs and that terminates some number of T1 lines. Each MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card has a termination capacity of up to 16 T1s (maximum four per MLP bundle). The maximum throughput limit of RPM-PR with 1FE-CP is 120,000 packets bi-directional. In a 16 MLP interface case, the T1s are expected to be lightly loaded. The MGX-RPM-1FE-CP is only supported with the MLP encapsulation.

The MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card contains one Fast Ethernet (100Base-Tx) interface. The interface has an RJ45 connector that is used to connect the card to a Category 5 un-shielded twisted pair (UTP) cable. Both half- and full-duplex operation are supported.

MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card in an IP-RAN of a Mobile Wireless Network

The MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card off loads the compression/decompression of RTP/UDP headers and the multiplexing/demultiplexing of PPP frames.

The supported use of the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card is within an IP-RAN of a mobile wireless network. In mobile wireless networks, radio coverage over a geographical space is provided by a network of radios and supporting electronics (Base Transceiver Station or BTS) distributed over a wide area. Each radio and supporting electronics represents a "cell." In traditional networks, the radio signals or radio data frames collected in each cell are forwarded over a T1 (or similar low-speed, leased) line to a centralized Base Station Controller (BSC) where they are processed.

The implementation of the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP backcard in the IP-RAN solution requires the following components:

Cisco MGX 8850

RPM-PR

MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card

FRSM card

BTS router (Cisco MWR 1941-DC Mobile Wireless Edge Router)

The solution uses OSPF as the routing protocol and requires MLP for transmission of the packets between the aggregation node (MGX8850) and the BTS. It requires you to configure the following:

The Fast Ethernet (FE) interface to support OSPF. Enable multicast routing and indicate a Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) mode.

One or more PPP multilink interfaces with PPP mux and RTP header compression attributes.

A virtual template for each of the multilink groups.

A PVC under the switch subinterface that references the virtual template.

In addition, you must configure a connection between the PVC and the FRSM as well as a connection between the FRSM and the PVC.

For detailed information about the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card and its implementation in the IP-RAN solution, see the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card Installation and Configuration Note.

System Configuration Requirements

The MGX-RPM-1FE-CP requires the following system configuration:

Cisco IOS 12.2(8) MC1 or a later Cisco IOS Release 12.2 MC image is installed on the corresponding Cisco MGX 8850 RPM-PR.

The FE interface is configured via the Cisco IOS software command line interface.

Determining the Software Version

To determine the version of Cisco IOS software copied on the RPM-PR, access the CLI of the RPM-PR and enter the show version command:

rpm> show version
     Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software 
     IOS (tm) RPM Software (RPM-JS-M), Version 12.2(15)MC2j, EARLY DEPLOYMENT RELEASE 
     SOFTWARE (fc1)

Upgrading to a New Software Release

For information about copying Cisco IOS images to RPM-PR Flash memory, see the RPM-PR Installation and Configuration document.

For general information about upgrading to a new Cisco IOS software release, refer to Software Installation and Upgrade Procedures located at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/tsd_products_support_category_home.html

New and Changed Information

The following sections list the new hardware and software features supported by the Cisco MGX-RPM-1FE-CP for Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC software.

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC1 Software

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j Software

No features are introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j.

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i Software

No features are introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i.

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g Software

No features are introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g.

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f Software

No features are introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f.

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e Software

No features are introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e.

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b Software

No features are introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b.

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a Software

No features are introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a.

New Features in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC1 Software

The following features were introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC1:

Dual MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card Support

Ignoring the IP ID in RTP/UDP Header Compression

Configuring ACFC and PFC Handling During PPP Negotiation

Configuring the cUDP Flow Expiration Timeout Duration

For information on new features in previous Cisco IOS Release 12.2MC software releases, see the platform release notes:

http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/wireless/ipran/1_0/relnotes/index.htm

Dual MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card Support

With Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC1 and later, support for a second MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card is available. However, the second card functions as an FE interface only and does not perform any compression functions.

Usage Notes

Please note that when using two MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back cards in an RPM, the interaction between the two cards is as follows:

When two MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back cards are installed in the RPM and the RPM boots or reboots, the card in the top slot always performs the compression function.

When an MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card is inserted via OIR, the slot with the first MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card always performs the compression function.

If two MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back cards are installed in an RPM and a card performing the compression function is removed via OIR, no compression functions will be active until one of the following events occurs:

a second MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card is inserted

the remaining MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card is removed and re-inserted

the RPM is rebooted

Never remove a MGX-RPM-1FE-CP via OIR without shutting down all active interfaces on it. For a MGX-RPM-1FE-CP acting as a FE interface only, shut down just the FE port. For the back card performing the compression function, shut down the multilink bundles before removing.


Note This feature requires that the rpm-boot-mz image be upgraded so that the bootloader recognizes the second MGX-RPM-1FE-CP.


Additionally, the output of the show diag command has been updated to reflect the support for a second MGX-RPM-1FE-CP.

rpm10#sho diag 
Slot 1:
 One Port Fast Ethernet With Co-processor Assist Port adapter, 1 port 
 Port adapter is analyzed 
 Port adapter insertion time 01:13:53 ago 
 Co-processor enabled 
 EEPROM contents at hardware discovery:
 Top Assy. Part Number :800-16088-04 
 Part Number :73-6262-04 
 Board Revision :02 
 PCB Serial Number :PAD04001DHT 
 CLEI Code :B@3@24Y@A@ 
 Manufacturing Engineer :00 00 00 00 
 RMA History :00 
 RMA Test History :00 
 RMA Test History :02 
 EEPROM format version 4 
 EEPROM contents (hex):
 0x00:04 17 40 03 17 C0 46 03 20 00 3E D8 04 82 49 18 
 0x10:76 04 42 30 32 C1 0B 50 41 44 30 34 30 30 31 44 
 0x20:48 54 C6 8A 42 40 33 40 32 34 59 40 41 40 84 00 
 0x30:00 00 00 04 00 03 00 03 02 FF FF FC FF FC FF FC 
 0x40:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x50:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x60:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x70:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 

Slot 2:
 ATM CELL BUS Port adapter, 1 port 
 Port adapter is analyzed 
 Port adapter insertion time 01:14:31 ago 
 EEPROM contents at hardware discovery:
 Top Assy. Part Number :800-00000-00 
 Part Number :73-0000-00 
 Board Revision :0 
 PCB Serial Number :0 
 EEPROM format version 4 
 EEPROM contents (hex):
 0x00:04 51 40 00 90 C0 46 03 20 00 00 00 00 82 49 00 
 0x10:00 00 42 30 00 C1 01 30 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x20:09 40 C6 8A 30 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 84 00 
 0x30:00 00 00 04 00 03 00 03 00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x40:04 00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x50:0A 2A FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x60:42 D2 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x70:00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x80:09 03 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x90:42 82 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0xA0:0C 83 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0xB0:00 C0 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0xC0:40 41 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0xD0:82 82 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0xE0:8C EC FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0xF0:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x100:02 00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x110:63 51 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x120:42 C2 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x130:00 20 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x140:38 50 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x150:0C C2 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x160:0C AC FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x170:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x180:62 C0 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x190:82 6C FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x1A0:D1 CA FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x1B0:00 C0 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x1C0:92 C8 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x1D0:21 00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x1E0:0C 8C FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x1F0:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 

Slot 3:
 One Port Fast Ethernet With Co-processor Assist Port adapter, 1 port 
 Port adapter is analyzed 
 Port adapter insertion time 01:14:07 ago 
 Co-processor disabled 
 EEPROM contents at hardware discovery:
 Top Assy. Part Number :800-16090-04 
 Part Number :73-6518-04 
 Board Revision :02 
 PCB Serial Number :SAG06021EJ3 
 CLEI Code :BA3A25YCAA 
 Manufacturing Engineer :00 00 00 00 
 RMA History :00 
 RMA Test History :00 
 RMA Test History :02 
 EEPROM format version 4 
 EEPROM contents (hex):
 0x00:04 17 40 03 17 C0 46 03 20 00 3E DA 04 82 49 19 
 0x10:76 04 42 30 32 C1 0B 53 41 47 30 36 30 32 31 45 
 0x20:4A 33 C6 8A 42 41 33 41 32 35 59 43 41 41 84 00 
 0x30:00 00 00 04 00 03 00 03 02 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x40:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x50:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x60:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 
 0x70:FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF

Ignoring the IP ID in RTP/UDP Header Compression

With Cisco IOS Release 12.2(8)MC2c, IP ID checking was suppressed in RTP/UDP header compression. With Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC1 and later, a new option was added to the ip rtp header-compression interface configuration command that allows you to enable or suppress this checking. The default is to suppress.

To suppress IP ID checking, issue the following command while in interface configuration mode:

Command
Purpose

Router(config-if)# ip rtp header-compression ignore-id

Suppresses the IP ID checking in RTP/UDP header compression.


To restore IP ID checking, use the no form of this command.

This new feature is identified by CSCdz75957.

Configuring ACFC and PFC Handling During PPP Negotiation

With Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC1 and later, ACFC and PFC negotiation can be configured.


Note By default, ACFC/PFC is not enabled and these commands must be configured on serial interfaces.


Configuring ACFC Handling During PPP Negotiation

Use the following commands beginning in global configuration mode to configure ACFC handling during PPP negotiation:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface type slot/port


Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# shutdown

Shuts down the interface.

Step 3 

Router(config-if)# ppp acfc remote {apply | reject | ignore}

Configures how the router handles the ACFC option in configuration requests received from a remote peer.

apply—ACFC options are accepted and ACFC may be performed on frames sent to the remote peer.

reject—ACFC options are explicitly ignored.

ignore—ACFC options are accepted, but ACFC is not performed on frames sent to the remote peer.

Step 4 

Router(config-if)# ppp acfc local {request | forbid}


Configures how the router handles ACFC in its outbound configuration requests.

request—The ACFC option is included in outbound configuration requests.

forbid—The ACFC option is not sent in outbound configuration requests, and requests from a remote peer to add the ACFC option are not accepted.

Step 5 

Router(config-if)# no shutdown 

Re-enables the interface.

Configuring PFC Handling During PPP Negotiation

Use the following commands beginning in global configuration mode to configure PFC handling during PPP negotiation:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface type slot/port


Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# shutdown

Shuts down the interface.

Step 3 

Router(config-if)# ppp pfc remote {apply | reject | ignore}

Configures how the router handles the PFC option in configuration requests received from a remote peer.

apply—PFC options are accepted and PFC may be performed on frames sent to the remote peer.

reject—PFC options are explicitly ignored.

ignore—PFC options are accepted, but PFC is not performed on frames sent to the remote peer.

Step 4 

Router(config-if)# ppp pfc local {request | forbid}


Configures how the router handles PFC in its outbound configuration requests.

request—The PFC option is included in outbound configuration requests.

forbid—The PFC option is not sent in outbound configuration requests, and requests from a remote peer to add the PFC option are not accepted.

Step 5 

Router(config-if)# no shutdown 

Re-enables the interface.

To restore the default, use the no forms of these commands.


Note For complete details of the ACFC and PFC Handling During PPP Negotiation feature, see the ACFC and PFC Handling During PPP Negotiation feature module:

http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/software/ios122/122newft/122limit/122b/122b_15/12b_acf.htm#1025043


Configuring the cUDP Flow Expiration Timeout Duration

To minimize traffic flow corruption, cUDP flows now expire after an expiration timeout duration during which no packets are passed. When this duration of inactivity occurs on a flow at the compressor, the compressor sends a full header upon receiving a packet for that flow, or, if no new packet is received for that flow, makes the CID for the flow available for new use. When a packet is received at the decompressor after the duration of inactivity, the packet is dropped and a context state message is sent to the compressor requesting a flow refresh.

The default expiration timeout is 5 seconds. The recommended value is 8 seconds.


Caution Failure of performance/latency scripts could occur if the expiration timeout duration is not changed to the recommended 8 seconds.

To configure the cUDP flow expiration timeout duration, issue the following command while in multilink interface configuration mode:

Command
Purpose

Router(config-if)# ppp iphc max-time seconds

Specifies the duration of inactivity, in seconds, that when exceeded causes the cUDP flow to expire. The recommended value is 8.


To restore the default, use the no form of this command.

This new feature is identified by CSCeb44623.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Important Notes

When working with a MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card, please take note of the following limitations, restrictions, and important notes:

Fast Ethernet and multilink interfaces should be shut down before online insertion and removal (OIR) of the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP.

The MGX-RPM-1FE-CP is only supported on the Cisco MGX 8850 RPM-PR.

For PPP Multiplexing, MLP must be configured on the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card.

For error messages to be stored, console logging must be configured.

The IP MTU should be set to 512 bytes or less on multilink interfaces.

The MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card supports up to 16 multilink interfaces.

MLP with LFI is not supported by the Cisco MWR 1941-DC router. Therefore, MLP with LFI must be disabled on peer devices connecting to the Cisco MWR 1941-DC router T1 MLP connections.

To fully disable PPP Multiplexing, issue the no ppp mux command on the T1 interfaces of the routers at both ends of the T1 link. If PPP Multiplexing remains configured on one side of the link, that side will offer to receive PPP multiplexed packets.

If upgrading to Cisco IOS Release 12.2(8)MC2c or later for the ACFC and PFC support on PPP interfaces, ensure that you upgrade the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP backcard image first. After doing so, immediately upgrade all MWR 1941-DC routers connected to the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card.

Caveats

The following sections list and describe the open and resolved caveats in the Cisco MGX-RPM-1FE-CP, Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2-based releases. Only severity 1 through 3 caveats are included.

Caveats describe unexpected behavior in Cisco IOS software releases. Severity 1 caveats are the most serious caveats, severity 2 caveats are less serious, and severity 3 caveats are the least serious of these three severity levels.

Caveats in Cisco IOS Releases 12.2 and 12.2 T are also inthe Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2 releases. For information on caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2, see Caveats for Cisco IOS Release 12.2. For information on caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2 T, see Caveats for Cisco IOS Release 12.2 T. These two documents list severity 1 and 2 caveats and are located on CCO and the Documentation DVD.


Note If you have an account with Cisco.com, you can use the Big Toolkit to find caveats of any severity for any release. To reach the Bug Toolkit, log in to Cisco.com and click Support > Tools & Resources > Bug Toolkit. Another option is to go directly to http://www.cisco.com/public/support/tac/tools.shtml.


The following sections list the open and closed caveats in the following releases:

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j

The following caveats are opened and closed in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j.

Open Caveats

There are no known open caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j.

Resolved Caveats

This section lists the caveats that are resolved in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2j.

CSCef77013

Cisco IOS and Cisco IOS XR contain a vulnerability when processing specially crafted IPv6 packets with a Type 0 Routing Header present. Exploitation of this vulnerability can lead to information leakage on affected Cisco IOS and Cisco IOS XR devices, and may also result in a crash of the affected Cisco IOS device. Successful exploitation on an affected device running Cisco IOS XR will not result in a crash of the device itself, but may result in a crash of the IPv6 subsystem.

Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers. There are workarounds available to mitigate the effects of the vulnerability.

This advisory is posted at

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070808-IOS-IPv6-leak.shtml.

CSCin95836

The Cisco Next Hop Resolution Protocol (NHRP) feature in Cisco IOS contains a vulnerability that can result in a restart of the device or possible remote code execution.

NHRP is a primary component of the Dynamic Multipoint Virtual Private Network (DMVPN) feature.

NHRP can operate in three ways: at the link layer (Layer 2), over Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) and multipoint GRE (mGRE) tunnels and directly on IP (IP protocol number 54). This vulnerability affects all three methods of operation.

NHRP is not enabled by default for Cisco IOS.

This vulnerability is addressed by Cisco bug IDs CSCin95836 for non-12.2 mainline releases and CSCsi23231 for 12.2 mainline releases.

This advisory is posted at

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070808-nhrp.shtml.

CSCsi01470

A vulnerability in the Cisco implementation of Multicast Virtual Private Network (MVPN) is subject to exploitation that can allow a malicious user to create extra multicast states on the core routers or receive multicast traffic from other Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) based Virtual Private Networks (VPN) by sending specially crafted messages.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability. Workarounds that mitigate this vulnerability are available.

This advisory is posted at http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20080326-mvpn.shtml.

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i

The following caveats are opened and closed in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i.

Open Caveats

There are no known open caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i.

Resolved Caveats

This section lists the caveats that are resolved in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2i.

CSCee45312

Description: Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) authentication on a device that is running certain versions of Cisco Internetworking Operating System (IOS) and configured with a fallback method to none can be bypassed. Systems that are configured for other authentication methods or that are not configured with a fallback method to none are not affected. Only the systems that are running certain versions of Cisco IOS are affected. Not all configurations using RADIUS and none are vulnerable to this issue. Some configurations using RADIUS, none and an additional method are not affected.

Workaround: Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability. There are workarounds available to mitigate the effects of the vulnerability. For more details see the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20050629-aaa.shtml

CSCec71950

Description: Cisco routers and switches running Cisco IOS or Cisco IOS XR software may be vulnerable to a remotely exploitable crafted IP option Denial of Service (DoS) attack. Exploitation of the vulnerability may potentially allow for arbitrary code execution. The vulnerability may be exploited after processing an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packet, Protocol Independent Multicast version 2 (PIMv2) packet, Pragmatic General Multicast (PGM) packet, or URL Rendezvous Directory (URD) packet containing a specific crafted IP option in the packet's IP header. No other IP protocols are affected by this issue.

Workaround: There are workarounds available to mitigate the effects of the vulnerability. Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers.

This advisory is available at:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070124-crafted-ip-option.shtml

CSCef48336

Description: OSPF is a routing protocol defined by RFC 2328. It is designed to manage IP routing inside an Autonomous System (AS). OSPF packets use IP protocol number 89. A vulnerability exists in the processing of an OSPF packet that can be exploited to cause the reload of a system. Since OSPF needs to process unicast packets as well as multicast packets, this vulnerability can be exploited remotely. It is also possible for an attacker to target multiple systems on the local segment at a time. Using OSPF Authentication can be used to mitigate the effects of this vulnerability. Using OSPF Authentication is a highly recommended security best practice A Cisco device receiving a malformed OSPF packet will reset and may take several minutes to become fully functional. This vulnerability may be exploited repeatedly resulting in an extended DOS attack.

Workarounds: Using OSPF Authentication OSPF authentication may be used as a workaround. OSPF packets without a valid key will not be processed. MD5 authentication is highly recommended, due to inherent weaknesses in plain text authentication. With plain text authentication, the authentication key will be sent unencrypted over the network, which can allow an attacker on a local network segment to capture the key by sniffing packets.

Refer to http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/104/25.shtml for more information about OSPF authentication.

Infrastructure Access Control Lists

Although it is often difficult to block traffic transiting your network, it is possible to identify traffic which should never be allowed to target your infrastructure devices and block that traffic at the border of your network.

Infrastructure ACLs are considered a network security best practice and should be considered as a long-term addition to good network security as well as a workaround for this specific vulnerability. The white paper "Protecting Your Core: Infrastructure Protection Access Control Lists" presents guidelines and recommended deployment techniques for infrastructure protection ACLs: http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/iacl.html

CSCek26492

Description: A router may crash if it receives a packet with a specific crafted IP option as detailed in Cisco Security Advisory: Crafted IP Option Vulnerability:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070124-crafted-ip-option.shtml

Conditions: This DDTS resolves a symptom of CSCec71950. Cisco IOS with this specific DDTS are not at risk of crash if CSCec71950 has been resolved in the software.

Workaround: Cisco IOS versions with the fix for CSCec71950 are not at risk for this issue and no workaround is required. If CSCec71950 is not resolved, see the following Cisco Security Advisory: Crafted IP Option Vulnerability for workaround information:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070124-crafted-ip-option.shtml

CSCek37177

The Cisco IOS Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) listener in certain versions of Cisco IOS software is vulnerable to a remotely-exploitable memory leak that may lead to a denial of service condition.

This vulnerability only applies to traffic destined to the Cisco IOS device. Traffic transiting the Cisco IOS device will not trigger this vulnerability.

Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers.

This issue is documented as Cisco bug ID CSCek37177.

There are workarounds available to mitigate the effects of the vulnerability.

This advisory is posted at http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070124-crafted-tcp.shtml

CSCsb11124

Description: The Cisco IOS Stack Group Bidding Protocol (SGBP) feature in certain versions of Cisco IOS software is vulnerable to a remotely-exploitable denial of service condition. Devices that do not support or have not enabled the SGBP protocol are not affected by this vulnerability.

Workaround: Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers. There are workarounds available to mitigate the effects of the vulnerability. Cisco has published a Security Advisory on this issue; it is available at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060118-sgbp.shtml

CSCsc64976

Description: A vulnerability exists in the IOS HTTP server in which HTML code inserted into dynamically generated output, such as the output from a show buffers command, will be passed to the browser requesting the page. This HTML code could be interpreted by the client browser and potentially execute malicious commands against the device or other possible cross-site scripting attacks. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires that a user browse a page containing dynamic content in which HTML commands have been injected.

Workaround: Cisco will be making free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers. There are workarounds available to mitigate the effects of the vulnerability. This advisory is posted at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20051201-http.shtml

CSCsd40334

Description: Processing a specially crafted IPv6 Type 0 Routing header can crash a device running Cisco IOS software. This vulnerability does not affect IPv6 Type 2 Routing header which is used in mobile IPv6. IPv6 is not enabled by default in Cisco IOS.

Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers.

Workaround: There are workarounds available to mitigate the effects of the vulnerability. The workaround depends on if Mobile IPv6 is used and what version on Cisco IOS is being currently used.

This advisory is posted at

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070124-IOS-IPv6.shtml

CSCse05736

Description: A router that is running RCP can be reloaded by a specific packet.

Conditions: This symptom is seen under the following conditions:

The router must have RCP enabled.

The packet must come from the source address of the designated system configured to send RCP packets to the router.

The packet must have a specific data content.

Workaround Put access lists on the edge of your network blocking RCP packets to prevent spoofed RSH packets. Use another protocol such as SCP. Use VTY ACLs.

CSCse85200

Description: Specifically crafted CDP packets can cause a router to allocate and keep extra memory. Exploitation of this behavior by sending multiple specifically crafted CDP packets could cause memory allocation problems on the router.

Since CDP is a layer-2 protocol, this issue can only be triggered by systems that are residing on the same network segment.

Workaround: Disable on interfaces where CDP is not necessary.

CSCsf28840

A vulnerability exists in the Data-link Switching (DLSw) feature in Cisco IOS where an invalid value in a DLSw message could result in a reload of the DLSw device. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires that an attacker be able to establish a DLSw connection to the device.

There are workarounds available for this vulnerability.

This advisory is posted at http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070110-dlsw.shtml

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g

The following caveats are opened and closed in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g.

Open Caveats

There are no known open caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g.

Resolved Caveats

There are no known resolved caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2g.

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f

The following caveats are opened and closed in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f.

Open Caveats

There are no known open caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f.

Resolved Caveats

There are no known resolved caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2f.

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e

The following caveats are opened and closed in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e.

Open Caveats

There are no known open caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e.

Resolved Caveats

This section lists the caveats that are resolved in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2e.

CSCea64571

Description: The PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) or PPP over ATM (PPPoA) sessions that go down may cause a leak of full virtual-access interfaces. This symptom is not observed with configurations that use virtual-access subinterfaces.

This symptom is observed with PPPoE or PPPoA sessions that clear because of the PPP protocol goes down (because of a termination request [TERMREQ] from a peer router or a PPP keepalive failure). The leaked virtual-access interfaces are not reused for new sessions. This results in the creation of new virtual-access interfaces for new sessions.

Workaround: There is currently no workaround.

CSCea64843

Description: A crash may occur when bringing up a large number of PPP over ATM (PPPoA) sessions.

This symptom is observed on a Cisco router that is running Cisco IOS Releases 12.2(15)B and 12.3.

Workaround: There is currently no workaround.

CSCei61732

Cisco IOS may permit arbitrary code execution after exploitation of a heap-based buffer overflow vulnerability. Cisco has included additional integrity checks in its software, as further described below, that are intended to reduce the likelihood of arbitrary code execution.

Cisco has made free software available that includes the additional integrity checks for affected customers.

This advisory is posted at http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20051102-timers.shtml

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b

The following caveats are opened and closed in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b.

Open Caveats

There are no known open caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b.

Resolved Caveats

This section lists the caveats that are resolved in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2b.

CSCec86420

Description: Cisco routers running Cisco IOS supporting Multi Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) are vulnerable to a Denial of Service (DoS) attacks on the MPLS disabled interfaces.

This vulnerability is only present in Cisco IOS release trains based on 12.1T, 12.2, 12.2T, 12.3 and 12.3T. Releases based on 12.1 mainline, 12.1E and all releases prior to 12.1 are not vulnerable.

This bug is a complementary fix to CSCeb56909 which addresses this vulnerability.

More details can be found in the security advisory which is posted at:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20050126-les.shtml

CSCed85438

Description: A Fast Ethernet 100BASE-TX port adapter on an RPM-PR may stop receiving burst traffic packets.

This symptom is observed on a FE RPM-PR Backcard. To identify this problem, the output of the show interface fastethernet command shows no input packets and all packets as overrun:

30 second input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

30 second output rate 100000 bits/sec, 106 packets/sec

0 packets input, 0 bytes

Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles

0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 263523 overrun, 0 ignored

The output of the show controllers command for the Fast Ethernet interface shows high numbers for "rx_fifo_overflow" and "throttled":

throttled=5352, enabled=5352, disabled=0

rx_fifo_overflow=434500, rx_no_enp=0, rx_state=0

Workaround: To clear the symptom, enter the shutdown interface configuration command followed by the no shutdown interface configuration command on the Fast Ethernet interface.

Further Problem Description: In the output of the show controllers command for the Fast Ethernet interface, locate the value for CFRV. If the last byte is either 0x20, 0x21, 0x22, or 0x23, the Fast Ethernet is susceptible to the symptom.

CSCsa81379

Description: NetFlow Feature Acceleration CLI.

NetFlow Feature Acceleration has been deprecated and removed from Cisco IOS. The global command ip flow-cache feature-accelerate will no longer be recognized in any IOS configuration.

If your router configuration does not currently contain the command ip flow-cache feature-accelerate, this change does not affect you.

This removal does not require an upgrade of your existing installation.

The removal of NetFlow Feature Acceleration does not affect any other aspects of Netflow operation, for example Access-list processing. The features are separate and distinct.

Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) supersedes the deprecated NetFlow Feature Acceleration.

Additionally, the following MIB objects and OIDs have been deprecated and removed from the netflow mib (CISCO-NETFLOW-MIB):

cnfFeatureAcceleration 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3

cnfFeatureAccelerationEnable 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.1

cnfFeatureAvailableSlot 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.2

cnfFeatureActiveSlot 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.3

cnfFeatureTable 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.4

cnfFeatureEntry 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.4.1

cnfFeatureType 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.4.1.1

cnfFeatureSlot 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.4.1.2

cnfFeatureActive 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.4.1.3

cnfFeatureAttaches 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.4.1.4

cnfFeatureDetaches 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.4.1.5

cnfFeatureConfigChanges 1.3.6.1.4.1.9.9.99999.1.3.4.1.6

Caveats in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a

The following caveats are opened and closed in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a.

Open Caveats

The following caveat is open in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a.

CSCeb24086

Description: Administratively shutting down an FE interface while traffic is flowing on a second MGX-RPM-1FE-CP interface might cause a few seconds of packet lost on the second FE interface.

Workaround: Do not administratively shut down an FE interface on an active system when traffic is flowing.

CSCeb76514

Description: The checkheaps process detects corrupted memory and when packets back up into the bundle output hold queue, causes a router reload.

Workaround: A software workaround (CSCeb74020) is implemented in Cisco IOS 12.2(15)MC1.

Resolved Caveats

This section lists the caveats resolved in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC2a.

CSCdz32659

Description: Memory allocation failure (MALLOCFAIL) messages no longer occur for Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) processes.

CSCec16481

A Cisco device running Internetwork Operating System (IOS) and enabled for the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Protocol is vulnerable to a Denial of Service (DoS) attack from a malformed OSPF packet. The OSPF protocol is not enabled by default.

The vulnerability is only present in IOS release trains based on 12.0S, 12.2, and 12.3. Releases based on 12.0, 12.1 mainlines and all IOS images prior to 12.0 are not affected. Refer to the Security Advisory for a complete list of affected release trains.

Further details and the workarounds to mitigate the effects are explained in the Security Advisory which is available at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20040818-ospf.shtml.

CSCec21937

Description: When the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP FastEthernet interface is administratively shut down, for directly connected devices, the interface still appears to be up.

CSCec25430

Description: A Cisco device reloads on receipt of a corrupt CDP packet.

CSCed40563

Description: Problems with the CDP protocol have been resolved.

CSCin67568

Description: A Cisco device experiences a memory leak in the CDP process. The device sending CDP packets sends a hostname that is 256 or more characters. There are no problems with a hostname of 255 or fewer characters.

Troubleshooting

This section contains the following MGX-RPM-1FE-CP troubleshooting information:

Collecting Data for Back Card and Router Issues

Modifying the MLP Reorder Buffer

Collecting Data for Back Card and Router Issues

To collect data for reporting back card and router issues, issue the following commands:

show tech-support—Displays general information about the router when it reports a problem.

show logging—Displays information in the syslog history table.

Modifying the MLP Reorder Buffer

When PPP multiplexing is disabled on the inbound direction of a MWR 1941-DC multilink, there are many more packets to reorder. Therefore, we recommend that you modify the MLP reorder buffer using the ppp multilink slippage interface configuration commands to avoid discarded fragments due to buffer overflow.

Slippage is the amount by which data arriving on one link in a multilink bundle might lag behind data transmitted over another link in that bundle. The amount of slippage might be expressed as a direct byte count, but it is also commonly expressed as a measure of time, in terms of the differential delay between the links.

A small amount of slippage between links is normal. Whenever slippage occurs, the multilink input process must buffer fragment data arriving on the faster channels until it receives all expected fragments on the remaining links, so that it can sort the fragments back into proper order, reassemble datagrams as necessary, and then deliver the datagrams in proper order to the higher network layers (multilink fragments include sequence numbers so that the multilink receiver can readily detect when packets are arriving out of order). The receiver must be capable of buffering enough data to compensate for normal slippage between the links, otherwise it will be incapable of completely sequencing and reassembling datagrams, and some data will be lost.

With Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)MC1 and later, the MLP reorder buffer can be adjusted for cases where the slippage is larger than the defaults readily accommodate. The buffer size is set by defining a one or more constraints, each of which indirectly implies some byte limit. The limit used is the maximum of the value derived from the constraints.

To define the constraints that set the MLP reorder buffer size, issue the following commands while in interface configuration mode:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 6 

Router(config-if)# ppp multilink slippage mru value

Specifies that the buffer limit is x bytes where the byte count is expressed as a multiple of the maximum receive unit (MRU) negotiated for the bundle (the buffer limit is derived as the number of times defined for the value times the size of the largest packet received). Valid values are 2 through 32. The default is 8.

Note The MRU is dynamically negotiated with the peer when the connection is established, therefore, the byte count also

Step 7 

Router(config-if)# ppp multilink slippage msec value

Specifies the buffer limit, in milliseconds worth of data. Valid range is 1 to 16000.

Note The actual amount of data buffered depends upon the bandwidth of the links.

Usage Notes

Note that these limits are on a "per-link" basis. For example, issuing ppp multilink slippage mru 4 means that the total amount of data which is buffered by the bundle is 4 times the MRU times the number of links in the bundle.

The reassembly engine is also affected by the lost fragment timeout, which is configured using the ppp timeout multilink lost-fragment command.

The buffer limit derived from the slippage constraints implies a corresponding tolerated differential delay between the links. Since it does not make sense to be declaring a fragment lost due to a timeout when it is within the delay window defined by the slippage, the timeout will be dynamically increased as necessary so that it is never smaller than the delay value derived from the slippage parameters.

Documentation Updates

This section contains information that was not included or was documented incorrectly in the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card Installation and Configuration Note. The heading in this section corresponds with the applicable section title in the documentation.

Configuring RTP/UDP Compression

The maximum number of RTP header compression connections is documented as 150 per T1 interface and up to 600 connections per MLP bundle when in fact, 1000 connections are supported per MLP bundle regardless of whether the bundle contains one T1 interface or four.

The show ppp mux Command

The efficiency improvement factor calculation documented in the show ppp mux command section is incorrect. The correct improvement factor calculation uses bytes, not packets, and is as follows:

Multiplex efficiency improvement factor = 100 * (Total bytes saved) / (Total bytes received)

Where total bytes saved = bytes_received_at_muxer - bytes_sent_at_muxer.

Demultiplex efficiency improvement factor = 100 * (Total bytes saved) / (Total bytes sent)

Where total bytes saved = bytes_sent_at_demuxer - bytes_received_at_demuxer.

The show ip rtp header-compression Command

The detail keyword is not supported in the show ip rtp header-compression command on the MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card. Output does not display for the detail keyword if specified in command.

Related Documentation

The following sections describe the available documentation related to the Cisco MGX-RPM-1FE-CP back card.These documents consist of hardware and software installation guides, Cisco IOS configuration guides and command references, system error messages, and other documents.

Documentation is available in printed or electronic form.

Platform-Specific Documents

These documents are available for the Cisco MWR 1941-DC Mobile Wireless Edge Router on Cisco.com and the Documentation CD-ROM:

MGX-RPM-1FE-CP Back Card Installation and Configuration Note

RPM-PR Installation and Configuration

Cisco MWR 1941-DC Mobile Wireless Edge Router

Cisco MWR 1941-DC Mobile Wireless Edge Router Hardware Installation Guide

Cisco MWR 1900 Mobile Wireless Edge Router Software Configuration Guide

Cisco MWR 1941-DC Mobile Wireless Edge Router Rack Mounting Instructions

Cisco MWR 1941-DC Mobile Wireless Edge Router Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information

VWIC-2MFT-T1-DIR, VWIC-2MFT-E1-DIR Installation Instructions

Feature Modules

Feature modules describe new features supported by Cisco IOS Release 12.2 MC and are updates to the Cisco IOS documentation set. A feature module consists of an overview of the feature, configuration tasks, and a command reference.

On Cisco.com at:

Technical Documentation: Cisco IOS Software: Cisco IOS Release 12.2: New Feature Documentation:12.2-Based New Features: New Features in Release 12.2 MC

Obtaining Documentation, Obtaining Support, and Security Guidelines

For information on obtaining documentation, obtaining support, providing documentation feedback, security guidelines, and also recommended aliases and general Cisco documents, see the monthly What's New in Cisco Product Documentation, which also lists all new and revised Cisco technical documentation, at:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/whatsnew/whatsnew.html