This chapter describes the role of the Cisco 3300 series mobility services engine (MSE), a component of the Cisco Context-Aware Mobility (CAM) solution, within the overall Cisco Unified Wireless Network (CUWN).
Additionally, Context-Aware Service (CAS) software, a service supported on the mobility services engine and a component of the CAM, is addressed.
This chapter contains the following sections:
•About the Cisco Context-Aware Mobility Solution
•Licensing Information for Clients and Tags
•Guidelines and Limitations
•Viewing Contextual Information
•Configuration and Administration
About the Cisco Context-Aware Mobility Solution
The foundation of the CAM solution is the controller-based architecture of the CUWN. The CUWN contains the following primary components: access points, wireless LAN controllers, the Cisco Prime Infrastructure management application, and the Cisco 3300 series mobility services engine.
This section contains the following topics:
•Cisco 3300 Series Mobility Services Engines
Cisco 3300 Series Mobility Services Engines
The Cisco 3300 series mobility services engine operates with CAS, which is a component of the CAM solution.
There are three models of the mobility services engine:
•Cisco 3310 Mobility Services Engine
•Cisco 3350 Mobility Services Engine
•Cisco 3355 Mobility Services Engine
Figure 1-1 Context-Aware Mobility Solution
CAS allows a mobility services engine to simultaneously track thousands of mobile assets and clients by retrieving contextual information such as location, temperature, and availability from Cisco access points.
CAS relies on two engines for processing the contextual information it receives. The Context-Aware Engine for Clients processes data received from Wi-Fi clients and the Context-Aware Engine for Tags processes data received from Wi-Fi tags; these engines can be deployed together or separately depending on the business need.
Licensing Information for Clients and Tags
You must purchase licenses from Cisco to retrieve contextual information on tags and clients from access points.
•Licenses for tags and clients are offered separately. (The clients license also includes tracking of rogue clients, rogue access points, interferers, and wired clients.)
•For more information on tags, clients, rogue clients, and rogue access points, see Chapter 9 "Context-Aware Service Planning and Verification"
•Licenses for tags and clients are offered in various quantities, ranging from 1,000 to 12,000 units. Up to 25,000 Wi-Fi clients and Wi-Fi tags (combined count) are supported depending on the mobility services engine hardware.
–The Cisco 3310 mobility services engine supports up to 2,000 clients and tags (combined count).
–The Cisco 3355 mobility services engine supports up to 25,000 clients and tags (combined count).
•For details on tag and client licenses, see the Cisco 3300 Series Mobility Services Engine Release Note, Release 6.0 at the following URL: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps9742/tsd_products_support_series_home.html
Guidelines and Limitations
Username, IP address, and partial MAC address-based troubleshooting is supported only on MSE Release 188.8.131.52 and later.
Viewing Contextual Information
The collected contextual information can be viewed in graphical user interface format in the Prime Infrastructure on the centralized WLAN management platform.
Note However, before you can use Prime Infrastructure, initial configuration for the mobility services engine is required using a command-line interface console session. See the Cisco 3350 Mobility Services Engine Getting Started Guide and the Cisco 3100 Mobility Services Engine Getting Started Guide at the following URL: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps9742/tsd_products_support_series_home.html.
After its installation and initial configuration are complete, the mobility services engine can communicate with multiple Cisco wireless LAN controllers to collect operator-defined contextual information. You can then use the associated Prime Infrastructure to communicate with each mobility services engine to transfer and display selected data.
You can configure the mobility services engine to collect data for clients, rogue access points, rogue clients, mobile stations, and active RFID asset tags.
This section contains the following topics:
•Location Assisted Client Troubleshooting from the ContextAware Dashboard
You can access the ContextAware tab in the Prime Infrastructure home page. This tab provides you with important Context-Aware Service software information.
The following factory default components appear on the ContextAware tab:
•MSE Historical Element Count—Shows the historical trend of tags, clients, rogue APs, rogue clients, interferers, wired clients, and guest client counts in a given period of time.
Note The MSE Historical Element Count information is presented in a time-based graph. For graphs that are time-based, the top of the graph page includes a link bar that displays 6h, 1d, 1w, 2w, 4w, 3m, 6m, 1y, and Custom. When selected, the data for that time frame is retrieved and the corresponding graph is displayed.
Note The MSE historical element count for the dashlets are obtained from MSE every 5 minutes and is aggregated in the Prime Infrastructure database at regular intervals. For a given virtual domain, element counts are obtained from the MSE based on floors assigned to that virtual domain. These counts are aggregated and displayed in the dashlet.
•Rogue Element Detected by CAS—Shows the indices of the Rogue APs and Rogue Clients in percentage. It also provides a count of the number of Rogue APs and Rogue Clients detected by each MSE within an hour, 24 hours, and more than 24 hours.
Rogue AP Index is defined as the percentage of total active tracked elements that are detected as Rogue APs across all the MSEs on the Prime Infrastructure.
Rogue Client Index is defined as the percentage of total active tracked elements that are detected as Rogue Clients across all the MSEs on the Prime Infrastructure.
•Location Assisted Client Troubleshooting—You can troubleshoot clients using this option with location assistance. You can provide a MAC address, username, or IP address as the criteria for troubleshooting.
Note Username, IP address, and partial MAC address-based troubleshooting are supported only on MSE Release 184.108.40.206 and later.
For more information about Location Assisted Client Troubleshooting, see the "Location Assisted Client Troubleshooting from the ContextAware Dashboard" section.
•MSE Tracking Counts—Represents the tracked and non-tracked count of each of the element types. The element type includes tags, rogue APs, rogue clients, interferers, wired clients, wireless clients, and guest clients.
Note The non-tracked element count is available only in root domain.
•Top 5 MSEs—Lists the top five MSEs based on the percentage of license utilization. It also provides the count for each element type for each MSE.
•In the component, click the count link to get a detailed report.
•Use the icons in a component to switch between chart and grid view.
•Use the Enlarge Chart icon to view the grid or chart in full page.
Location Assisted Client Troubleshooting from the ContextAware Dashboard
You can use the ContextAware tab in the Prime Infrastructure home page to troubleshoot a client. Specify a MAC address, username, or IP address as the search criteria, and click Troubleshoot. The Troubleshoot page appears. Through the dashboard, troubleshooting information is displayed for wireless clients that belong to a given virtual domain. In case of the associated clients, troubleshooting information is displayed only if it belongs to a floor in the given virtual domain. In case of probing clients, troubleshooting information is displayed in the root domain.
You can view the Context Aware History report on the Context Aware History tab. You can filter this report based on the MSE name. You can further filter the report based on the Timezone, State, or All. The states can be either associated or dissociated.
If you choose Timezone then you can choose any of the following:
•Date and Time
•Any one of these values from the drop-down list:
–Last 1 Hour
–Last 6 Hours
–Last 1 Day
–Last 2 Days
–Last 3 Days
–Last 4 Days
–Last 5 Days
–Last 6 Days
–Last 7 Days
–Last 2 Weeks
–Last 4 Weeks
Alternately, you can use the Generate Report link to generate a Client Location History report. You can also opt to export the report to CSV or PDF format, or you can e-mail the report using the icons available in the report page.
For more information on the Prime Infrastructure home page ContextAware tab, see the "ContextAware Tab" section.
A mobility services engine sends event notifications to registered listeners over the following transport mechanisms:
•Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
•Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) mail
•Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
Note The Prime Infrastructure can act as a listener receiving event notifications over SNMP. Without event notification, the Prime Infrastructure and third-party applications need to periodically request location information from location-based services.
The pull communication model, however, is not suitable for applications that require more real-time updates to location information. For these applications, you can configure the mobility services engine push event notifications when certain conditions are met by the registered listeners.
Configuration and Administration
You can use the Prime Infrastructure to perform different configuration and administrative tasks, including adding and removing a mobility services engine, configuring mobility services engine properties, and managing users and groups.
This section contains the following topics:
•Adding and Deleting a Mobility Services Engine
•Synchronizing Mobility Services Engines
•Configuring High Availability
•Configuring the Virtual Appliance
•Editing Mobility Services Engine Properties
•Managing Users and Groups
•Synchronizing Mobility Services Engines
•Provisioning MSAP Requirements
•MSE System and Appliance Hardening
Adding and Deleting a Mobility Services Engine
You can use the Prime Infrastructure to add and delete a mobility services engine within the network. You can also define the service supported on the mobility services engine. See Chapter 2 "Adding and Deleting Mobility Services Engines and Licenses," for configuration details.
Synchronizing Mobility Services Engines
You can use the Prime Infrastructure to synchronize Cisco wireless LAN controllers and the Prime Infrastructure with mobility services engines. See Chapter 3 "Synchronizing Mobility Services Engines," for more information.
Configuring High Availability
You can use the Prime Infrastructure to configure high availability on the MSE. The mobility services engine is a platform for hosting multiple mobility applications. Every active MSE is backed up by another inactive instance. The active MSE is called the primary MSE and the inactive MSE is called the secondary MSE. See Chapter 4 "Configuring High Availability," for more information.
Configuring the Virtual Appliance
The MSE comes preinstalled on a physical appliance with various performance characters. The MSE is delivered in two modes, the physical appliance and the virtual appliance. See Chapter 5 "MSE Delivery Modes," for more information.
Editing Mobility Services Engine Properties
You can use the Prime Infrastructure to configure the following parameters on the mobility services engine. See Chapter 6 "Configuring and Viewing System Properties," for configuration details.
•General Properties—Enables you to assign a contact name, username, password, and HTTP for the mobility services engine.
•Active Sessions—Enables you to view active user sessions on the mobility services engine.
•Trap Destinations—Enables you to specify which Prime Infrastructure or Cisco Security Monitoring, Analysis and Response System (CS-MARS) network management platform is the recipient of SNMP traps generated by the mobility services engine.
•Advanced Parameters—Enables you to set the number of days to keep events, reboot hardware, shut down hardware, or clear the database.
Managing Users and Groups
You can use the Prime Infrastructure to manage users, groups, and host access on the mobility services engine. See Chapter 7 "Managing Users and Groups," for configuration details.
Configuring Event Notifications
You can use the Prime Infrastructure to define conditions that cause the mobility services engine to send notifications to specific listeners. This chapter describes how to define events and event groups and how to view event notification summaries. See Chapter 8 "Configuring Event Notifications," for configuration event notifications.
Context-Aware Planning and Verification
To plan and optimize access point deployment, you can use the Prime Infrastructure to perform point or line calibration. Additionally, you can analyze the location accuracy of non-rogue clients, asset tags and interferers using the accuracy tool. See Chapter 9 "Context-Aware Service Planning and Verification," for specifics.
Working with Maps
Maps provide a summary view of all your managed systems on campuses, buildings, outdoor areas, and floors. See Chapter 10 "Working with Maps," for more information.
You can use the Prime Infrastructure to monitor alarms, events, and logs generated by mobility services engine. You can also monitor the status of mobility services engines, clients, interferers, and tagged assets. Additionally, you can generate a utilization report for the mobility services engine to determine CPU and memory utilization as well as counts for clients, tags and rogue access points and clients. See Chapter 11 "Monitoring the System and Services," for more information.
Provisioning MSAP Requirements
Cisco Mobility Services Advertisement Protocol (MSAP) provides requirements for MSAP client and server and describes the message exchanges between them. Mobile devices can retrieve service advertisements from MSAP server over Wi-Fi infrastructure using MSAP. MSAP is introduced in this release in the mobility services engine (MSE) and provides server functionality. See Chapter 12 "MSAP," for more information.
You can back up mobility services engine data to a predefined FTP folder on the Prime Infrastructure at defined intervals, and restore the mobility services engine data from that Prime Infrastructure. Other mobility services engine maintenance operations that you can perform include downloading new software images to all associated mobility services engines from any Prime Infrastructure station, and clearing mobility services engine configurations. See Chapter 13 "Performing Maintenance Operations," for more information.
Note Details on recovering GRUB and root passwords for the mobility services engine using the command-line interface (rather than the Prime Infrastructure) are also addressed in Chapter 13 "Performing Maintenance Operations".
MSE System and Appliance Hardening
System and Appliance Hardening requires some services and processes to be exposed to function properly. Hardening of MSE involves disabling unnecessary services, upgrading to the latest server versions, and applying appropriate restrictive permissions to files, services, and endpoints. See "MSE System and Appliance Hardening Guidelines" for more information.
See the Cisco 3300 Mobility Services Engine Release Note for the latest system (controller, prime infrastructure, mobility services engine) compatibility information, feature support, and operational notes for your current release at the following URL: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps9742/tsd_products_support_series_home.html