Cisco Wireless LAN Controller Configuration Guide, Release 7.5
Configuring FlexConnect Groups
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Configuring FlexConnect Groups

Configuring FlexConnect Groups

Information About FlexConnect Groups

To organize and manage your FlexConnect access points, you can create FlexConnect Groups and assign specific access points to them.

All of the FlexConnect access points in a group share the same backup RADIUS server, CCKM, and local authentication configuration information. This feature is helpful if you have multiple FlexConnect access points in a remote office or on the floor of a building and you want to configure them all at once. For example, you can configure a backup RADIUS server for a FlexConnect rather than having to configure the same server on each access point.

Figure 1. FlexConnect Group Deployment. The following figure shows a typical FlexConnect deployment with a backup RADIUS server in the branch office.

FlexConnect Groups and Backup RADIUS Servers

You can configure the controller to allow a FlexConnect access point in standalone mode to perform full 802.1X authentication to a backup RADIUS server. You can configure a primary backup RADIUS server or both a primary and secondary backup RADIUS server. These servers can be used when the FlexConnect access point is in of these two modes: standalone or connected.

FlexConnect Groups and CCKM

FlexConnect Groups are required for CCKM fast roaming to work with FlexConnect access points. CCKM fast roaming is achieved by caching a derivative of the master key from a full EAP authentication so that a simple and secure key exchange can occur when a wireless client roams to a different access point. This feature prevents the need to perform a full RADIUS EAP authentication as the client roams from one access point to another. The FlexConnect access points need to obtain the CCKM cache information for all the clients that might associate so they can process it quickly instead of sending it back to the controller. If, for example, you have a controller with 300 access points and 100 clients that might associate, sending the CCKM cache for all 100 clients is not practical. If you create a FlexConnect that includes a limited number of access points (for example, you create a group for four access points in a remote office), the clients roam only among those four access points, and the CCKM cache is distributed among those four access points only when the clients associate to one of them.


Note


CCKM fast roaming among FlexConnect and non-FlexConnect access points is not supported.


FlexConnect Groups and Opportunistic Key Caching

Starting in the 7.0.116.0 release, FlexConnect groups enable Opportunistic Key Caching (OKC) to enable fast roaming of clients. OKC facilitates fast roaming by using PMK caching in access points that are in the same FlexConnect group.

This feature prevents the need to perform a full authentication as the client roams from one access point to another. Whenever a client roams from one FlexConnect access point to another, the FlexConnect group access point calculates the PMKID using the cached PMK.

To see the PMK cache entries at the FlexConnect access point, use the show capwap reap pmk command. This feature is supported on Cisco FlexConnect access points.


Note


The FlexConnect access point must be in connected mode when the PMK is derived during WPA2/802.1x authentication.


When using FlexConnect groups for OKC or CCKM, the PMK-cache is shared only across the access points that are part of the same FlexConnect group and are associated to the same controller. If the access points are in the same FlexConnect group but are associated to different controllers that are part of the same mobility group, the PMK cache is not updated and CCKM roaming will fail.

FlexConnect Groups and Local Authentication

You can configure the controller to allow a FlexConnect access point in standalone mode to perform LEAP, EAP-FAST, PEAP, or EAP-TLS authentication for up to 100 statically configured users. The controller sends the static list of usernames and passwords to each FlexConnect access point when it joins the controller. Each access point in the group authenticates only its own associated clients.

This feature is ideal for customers who are migrating from an autonomous access point network to a lightweight FlexConnect access point network and are not interested in maintaining a large user database or adding another hardware device to replace the RADIUS server functionality available in the autonomous access point.


Note


You can configure LEAP, EAP-FAST, PEAP, or EAP-TLS authentication only if AP local authentication is enabled.


You have to provision a certificate to the AP because the AP has to send the certificate to the client. You must download the Vendor Device Certificate and the Vendor Certification Authority Certificate to the controller. The controller then pushes these certificates to the AP. If you do not configure a Vendor Device Certificate and the Vendor CA Certificate on the controller, the APs associating with the FlexConnect group download the self-signed certificate of the controller, which may not be recognized by many wireless clients.

With EAP-TLS, AP does not recognize and accept client certificate if the client root CA is different from the AP root CA. When you use Enterprise public key infrastructures (PKI), you must download a Vendor Device Certificate and Vendor CA Certificate to the controller so that the controller can push the certificates to the AP in the FlexConnect group. Without a common client and AP root CA, EAP-TLS fails on the local AP. The AP cannot check an external CA and relies on its own CA chain for client certificate validation.

The space on the AP for the local certificate and the CA certificate is around 7 Kb, which means that only short chains are adapted. Longer chains or multiple chains are not supported.


Note


This feature can be used with the FlexConnect backup RADIUS server feature. If a FlexConnect is configured with both a backup RADIUS server and local authentication, the FlexConnect access point always attempts to authenticate clients using the primary backup RADIUS server first, followed by the secondary backup RADIUS server (if the primary is not reachable), and finally the FlexConnect access point itself (if the primary and secondary are not reachable).


The number of FlexConnect groups and access point support depends on the platform that you are using. You can configure the following:

  • Up to 100 FlexConnect groups and 25 access points per group for a Cisco 5500 Series Controller.
  • Up to 1000 FlexConnect groups and 50 access points per group for a Cisco Flex 7500 Series Controller in the 7.2 release.
  • Up to 2000 FlexConnect groups and 100 access points per group for Cisco Flex 7500 and Cisco 8500 Series Controllers in the 7.3 release.
  • Up to 20 FlexConnect groups and up to 25 access points per group for the remaining platforms.

Configuring FlexConnect Groups

Configuring FlexConnect Groups (GUI)


    Step 1   Choose Wireless > FlexConnect Groups to open the FlexConnect Groups page.

    This page lists any FlexConnect groups that have already been created.

    Note    If you want to delete an existing group, hover your cursor over the blue drop-down arrow for that group and choose Remove.
    Step 2   Click New to create a new FlexConnect Group.
    Step 3   On the FlexConnect Groups > New page, enter the name of the new group in the Group Name text box. You can enter up to 32 alphanumeric characters.
    Step 4   Click Apply. The new group appears on the FlexConnect Groups page.
    Step 5   To edit the properties of a group, click the name of the desired group. The FlexConnect Groups > Edit page appears.
    Step 6   If you want to configure a primary RADIUS server for this group (for example, the access points are using 802.1X authentication), choose the desired server from the Primary RADIUS Server drop-down list. Otherwise, leave the text box set to the default value of None.
    Step 7   If you want to configure a secondary RADIUS server for this group, choose the server from the Secondary RADIUS Server drop-down list. Otherwise, leave the field set to the default value of None.
    Step 8   Configure the RADIUS server for the FlexConnect group by doing the following:
    1. Enter the RADIUS server IP address.
    2. Choose the server type as either Primary or Secondary.
    3. Enter a shared secret to log on to the RADIUS server and confirm it.
    4. Enter the port number.
    5. Click Add.
    Step 9   To add an access point to the group, click Add AP. Additional fields appear on the page under Add AP.
    Step 10   Perform one of the following tasks:
    • To choose an access point that is connected to this controller, select the Select APs from Current Controller check box and choose the name of the access point from the AP Name drop-down list.
      Note   

      If you choose an access point on this controller, the MAC address of the access point is automatically entered in the Ethernet MAC text box to prevent any mismatches from occurring.

    • To choose an access point that is connected to a different controller, leave the Select APs from Current Controller check box unselected and enter its MAC address in the Ethernet MAC text box.
      Note   

      If the FlexConnect access points within a group are connected to different controllers, all of the controllers must belong to the same mobility group.

    Step 11   Click Add to add the access point to this FlexConnect group. The access point’s MAC address, name, and status appear at the bottom of the page.
    Note   

    If you want to delete an access point, hover your cursor over the blue drop-down arrow for that access point and choose Remove.

    Step 12   Click Apply.
    Step 13   Enable local authentication for a FlexConnect Group as follows:
    1. Ensure that the Primary RADIUS Server and Secondary RADIUS Server parameters are set to None.
    2. Select the Enable AP Local Authentication check box to enable local authentication for this FlexConnect Group. The default value is unselected.
    3. Click Apply.
    4. Choose the Local Authentication tab to open the FlexConnect > Edit (Local Authentication > Local Users) page.
    5. To add clients that you want to be able to authenticate using LEAP, EAP-FAST, PEAP, or EAP-TLS, perform one of the following:
    6. Upload a comma-separated values (CSV) file by selecting the Upload CSV File check box, clicking the Browse button to browse to an CSV file that contains usernames and passwords (each line of the file needs to be in the following format: username, password), and clicking Add to upload the CSV file. The clients’ names appear on the left side of the page under the “User Name” heading.
    7. Add clients individually by entering the client’s username in the User Name text box and a password for the client in the Password and Confirm Password text boxes, and clicking Add to add this client to the list of supported local users. The client name appears on the left side of the page under the “User Name” heading.
      Note    You can add up to 100 clients.
    8. Click Apply.
    9. Choose the Protocols tab to open the FlexConnect > Edit (Local Authentication > Protocols) page.
    10. To allow a FlexConnect access point to authenticate clients using LEAP, select the Enable LEAP Authentication check box.
    11. To allow a FlexConnect access point to authenticate clients using EAP-FAST, select the Enable EAP-FAST Authentication check box. The default value is unselected.
    12. To allow a FlexConnect access point to authenticate clients using PEAP Authentication, select the Enable PEAP Authentication check box.

      You can configure PEAP authentication only when AP local authentication is configured.

    13. To allow a FlexConnect access point to authenticate clients using EAP-TLS, select the Enable EAP TLS Authentication check box.

      You can configure EAP-TLS authentication only when AP local authentication is configured.

      Enabling the EAP-TLS authentication results in enabling the downloading of EAP root and device certificate to the access point. You can unselect the EAP TLS Certificate download check box if you do not want to download the certificate.

    14. Perform one of the following, depending on how you want protected access credentials (PACs) to be provisioned:
      • To use manual PAC provisioning, enter the server key used to encrypt and decrypt PACs in the Server Key and Confirm Server Key text boxes. The key must be 32 hexadecimal characters.
      • To allow PACs to be sent automatically to clients that do not have one during PAC provisioning, select the Enable Auto Key Generation check box
    15. In the Authority ID text box, enter the authority identifier of the EAP-FAST server. The identifier must be 32 hexadecimal characters.
    16. In the Authority Info text box, enter the authority identifier of the EAP-FAST server in text format. You can enter up to 32 hexadecimal characters.
    17. To specify a PAC timeout value, select the PAC Timeout check box and enter the number of seconds for the PAC to remain viable in the text box. The default value is unselected, and the valid range is 2 to 4095 seconds when enabled.
    18. Click Apply.
    Step 14   In the WLAN-ACL mapping tab, you can do the following:
    1. Under Web Auth ACL Mapping, enter the WLAN ID, choose the WebAuth ACL, and click Add to map the web authentication ACL and the WLAN.
    2. Under Local Split ACL Mapping, enter the WLAN ID, and choose the Local Split ACL, and click Add to map the Local Split ACL to the WLAN.
      Note   

      You can configure up to 16 WLAN-ACL combinations for local split tunneling. Local split tunneling does not work for clients with static IP address.

    Step 15   In the Central DHCP tab, you can do the following:
    1. In the WLAN Id box, enter the WLAN ID with which you want to map Central DHCP.
    2. Select or unselect the Central DHCP check box to enable or disable Central DHCP for the mapping.
    3. Select or unselect the Override DNS check box to enable or disable overriding of DNS for the mapping.
    4. Select or unselect the NAT-PAT check box to enable or disable network address translation and port address translation for the mapping.
    5. Click Add to add the Central DHCP - WLAN mapping.
    Step 16   Click Save Configuration.
    Step 17   Repeat this procedure if you want to add more FlexConnects.
    Note   

    To see if an individual access point belongs to a FlexConnect Group, you can choose Wireless > Access Points > All APs > the name of the desired access point in the FlexConnect tab. If the access point belongs to a FlexConnect, the name of the group appears in the FlexConnect Name text box.


    Configuring FlexConnect Groups (CLI)


      Step 1   Add add or delete a FlexConnect Group by entering this command:

      config flexconnect group group_name {add | delete}

      Step 2   Configure a primary or secondary RADIUS server for the FlexConnect group by entering this command:

      config flexconect group group-name radius server auth {{add {primary | secondary} ip-addr auth-port secret} | {delete {primary | secondary}}}

      Step 3   Add an access point to the FlexConnect Group by entering this command:

      config flexconnect group_name ap {add | delete} ap_mac

      Step 4   Configure local authentication for a FlexConnect as follows:
      1. Make sure that a primary and secondary RADIUS server are not configured for the FlexConnect Group.
      2. To enable or disable local authentication for this FlexConnect group, enter this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap {enable | disable}

      3. Enter the username and password of a client that you want to be able to authenticate using LEAP, EAP-FAST, PEAP, or EAP-TLS by entering this command:
        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap user add username password password
        Note    You can add up to 100 clients.
      4. Allow a FlexConnect access point group to authenticate clients using LEAP or to disable this behavior by entering this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap leap {enable | disable}

      5. Allow a FlexConnect access point group to authenticate clients using EAP-FAST or to disable this behavior by entering this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap eap-fast {enable | disable}

      6. To download EAP Root and Device certificate to AP, enter this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap eap-cert download

      7. Allow a FlexConnect access point group to authenticate clients using EAP-TLS or to disable this behavior by entering this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap eap-tls {enable | disable}

      8. Allow a FlexConnect access point group to authenticate clients using PEAP or to disable this behavior by entering this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap peap {enable | disable}

      9. Allow a FlexConnect access point group to authenticate clients using PEAP or to disable this behavior by entering this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap peap {enable | disable}

      10. Allow a FlexConnect access point group to authenticate clients using EAP-TLS or to disable this behavior by entering this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap eap-tls {enable | disable}

      11. Download the EAP root and device certificate by entering this command:

        config flexconnect group group_name radius ap eap-cert download

      12. Enter one of the following commands, depending on how you want PACs to be provisioned:
        • config flexconnect group group_name radius ap server-key key—Specifies the server key used to encrypt and decrypt PACs. The key must be 32 hexadecimal characters.
        • config flexconnect group group_name radius ap server-key auto—Allows PACs to be sent automatically to clients that do not have one during PAC provisioning.
      13. To specify the authority identifier of the EAP-FAST server, enter this command: config flexconnect group group_name radius ap authority id id

        where id is 32 hexadecimal characters.

      14. To specify the authority identifier of the EAP-FAST server in text format, enter this command: config flexconnect group group_name radius ap authority info info

        where info is up to 32 hexadecimal characters.

      15. To specify the number of seconds for the PAC to remain viable, enter this command: config flexconnect group group_name radius ap pac-timeout timeout

        where timeout is a value between 2 and 4095 seconds (inclusive) or 0. A value of 0, which is the default value, disables the PAC timeout.

      Step 5   Configure a Policy ACL on a FlexConnect group by entering this command:

      config flexconnect group group-name policy acl {add | delete} acl-name

      Step 6   Configure local split tunneling on a per-FlexConnect group basis by entering this command:

      config flexconnect group group_name local-split wlan wlan-id acl acl-name flexconnect-group-name {enable | disable}

      Step 7   To set multicast/broadcast across L2 broadcast domain on overridden interface for locally switched clients, enter this command:

      config flexconnect group group_name multicast overridden-interface {enable | disable}

      Step 8   Configure central DHCP per WLAN by entering this command:

      config flexconnect group group-name central-dhcp wlan-id {enable override dns | disable | delete}

      Step 9   Configure policy acl on FlexConnect group by entering this command:

      config flexconnect group group_name policy acl {add | delete} acl-name

      Step 10   Configure web-auth acl on flexconnect group by entering this command:

      config flexconnect group group_name web-auth wlan wlan-id acl acl-name {enable | disable}

      Step 11   Configure wlan-vlan mapping on flexconnect group by entering this command:

      config flexconnect group group_name wlan-vlan wlan wlan-id{add | delete}vlan vlan-id

      Step 12   To set efficient upgrade for group, enter this command:

      config flexconnect group group_name predownload {enable | disable | master | slave} ap-name retry-count maximum retry count ap-name ap-name

      Step 13   Save your changes by entering this command: save config
      Step 14   See the current list of flexconnect groups by entering this command:

      show flexconnect group summary

      Step 15   See the details for a specific FlexConnect Groups by entering this command:

      show flexconnect group detail group_name


      Configuring VLAN-ACL Mapping on FlexConnect Groups

      Configuring VLAN-ACL Mapping on FlexConnect Groups (GUI)


        Step 1   Choose Wireless > FlexConnect Groups.

        The FlexConnect Groups page appears. This page lists the access points associated with the controller.

        Step 2   Click the Group Name link of the FlexConnect Group for which you want to configure VLAN-ACL mapping.
        Step 3   Click the VLAN-ACL Mapping tab.

        The VLAN-ACL Mapping page for that FlexConnect group appears.

        Step 4   Enter the Native VLAN ID in the VLAN ID text box.
        Step 5   From the Ingress ACL drop-down list, choose the Ingress ACL.
        Step 6   From the Egress ACL drop-down list, choose the Egress ACL.
        Step 7   Click Add to add this mapping to the FlexConnect Group.

        The VLAN ID is mapped with the required ACLs. To remove the mapping, hover your mouse over the blue drop-down arrow and choose Remove.


        Configuring VLAN-ACL Mapping on FlexConnect Groups (CLI)

        • Add a VLAN to a FlexConnect group and map the ingress and egress ACLs by entering this command: config flexconnect group group-name vlan add vlan-id acl ingress-acl egress acl

        Viewing VLAN-ACL Mappings (CLI)

        • See the FlexConnect group details by entering this command: show flexconnect group detail group-name

        • See the VLAN-ACL mappings on the access point by entering this command: show ap config general ap-name

        Configuring WLAN-VLAN Mappings on FlexConnect Groups

        Configuring WLAN-VLAN Mapping on FlexConnect Groups (GUI)

        Following are some guidelines:
        • The individual AP settings have precedence over FlexConnect group and global WLAN settings. The FlexConnect group settings have precedence over global WLAN settings.
        • The AP level configuration is stored in flash; WLAN and FlexConnect group configuration is stored in RAM.
        • When an AP moves from one controller to another, the AP can keep its individual VLAN mappings. However, the FlexConnect group and global mappings will be from the new controller. If the WLAN SSID differs between the two controllers, then the WLAN-VLAN mapping is not applied.
        • In a downstream traffic, VLAN ACL is applied first and then the client ACL is applied. In an upstream traffic, the client ACL is applied first and then the VLAN ACL is applied.
        • The ACL must be present on the AP at the time of 802.1X authentication. If the ACL is not present on the AP, a client might be denied authentication by the AP even if the client successfully passes 802.1X authentication.
          ACL Present on AP ACL Name sent from AAA Result of 802.1X Authentication
          No No Authenticated, no ACL applied
          No Yes Authentication Denied
          Yes No Authenticated, no ACL applied
          Yes Yes Authenticated, client ACL applied
        • After client authentication, if the ACL name is changed in the RADIUS server, the client must go through a full authentication again to get the correct client ACL.
        • The WLAN-VLAN mapping on FlexConnect groups is not supported on Cisco APs 1131 and 1242.
        Before You Begin

        Ensure that the WLAN is locally switched. The configuration is applied to the AP only if the WLAN is broadcast on the AP.


          Step 1   Choose Wireless > FlexConnect Groups.
          Step 2   Click the group name.

          The FlexConnect Groups > Edit page is displayed.

          Step 3   Click the WLAN VLAN Mapping tab.
          Step 4   Enter the WLAN ID and the VLAN ID and click Add.

          The mapping is displayed in the same tab.

          Step 5   Click Apply.
          Step 6   Click Save Configuration.

          Configuring WLAN-VLAN Mapping on FlexConnect Groups (CLI)

          Before You Begin

          Ensure that the WLAN is locally switched. The configuration is applied to the AP only if the WLAN is broadcast on the AP.

          • Configure WLAN-VLAN mapping on a FlexConnect group by entering this command:

            config flexconnect group group-name wlan-vlan wlan wlan-id {add | delete} vlan vlan-id