Cisco Wireless LAN Controller Configuration Guide, Release 7.5
Configuring Media and EDCA Parameters
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Configuring Media and EDCA Parameters

Contents

Configuring Media and EDCA Parameters

Configuring Voice and Video Parameters

Information About Configuring Voice and Video Parameters

Three parameters on the controller affect voice and/or video quality:

  • Call admission control
  • Expedited bandwidth requests
  • Unscheduled automatic power save delivery

Each of these parameters is supported in Cisco Compatible Extensions (CCX) v4 and v5.


Note


Traffic stream metrics (TSM) can be used to monitor and report issues with voice quality.


Call Admission Control

Call admission control (CAC) enables an access point to maintain controlled quality of service (QoS) when the wireless LAN is experiencing congestion. The Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) protocol deployed in CCXv3 ensures sufficient QoS as long as the wireless LAN is not congested. However, in order to maintain QoS under differing network loads, CAC in CCXv4 is required. Two types of CAC are available: bandwidth-based CAC and load-based CAC.

Bandwidth-Based CAC

Bandwidth-based, or static, CAC enables the client to specify how much bandwidth or shared medium time is required to accept a new call and in turn enables the access point to determine whether it is capable of accommodating this particular call. The access point rejects the call if necessary in order to maintain the maximum allowed number of calls with acceptable quality.

The QoS setting for a WLAN determines the level of bandwidth-based CAC support. To use bandwidth-based CAC with voice applications, the WLAN must be configured for Platinum QoS. To use bandwidth-based CAC with video applications, the WLAN must be configured for Gold QoS. Also, make sure that WMM is enabled for the WLAN. See the Information About Configuring 802.3 Bridging section for QoS and WMM configuration instructions.


Note


You must enable admission control (ACM) for CCXv4 clients that have WMM enabled. Otherwise, bandwidth-based CAC does not operate properly.


Load-Based CAC

Load-based CAC incorporates a measurement scheme that takes into account the bandwidth consumed by all traffic types (including that from clients), co-channel access point loads, and collocated channel interference, for voice applications. Load-based CAC also covers the additional bandwidth consumption resulting from PHY and channel impairment.

In load-based CAC, the access point continuously measures and updates the utilization of the RF channel (that is, the percentage of bandwidth that has been exhausted), channel interference, and the additional calls that the access point can admit. The access point admits a new call only if the channel has enough unused bandwidth to support that call. By doing so, load-based CAC prevents oversubscription of the channel and maintains QoS under all conditions of WLAN loading and interference.


Note


Load-based CAC is supported only on lightweight access points. If you disable load-based CAC, the access points start using bandwidth-based CAC.


Expedited Bandwidth Requests

The expedited bandwidth request feature enables CCXv5 clients to indicate the urgency of a WMM traffic specifications (TSPEC) request (for example, an e911 call) to the WLAN. When the controller receives this request, it attempts to facilitate the urgency of the call in any way possible without potentially altering the quality of other TSPEC calls that are in progress.

You can apply expedited bandwidth requests to both bandwidth-based and load-based CAC. Expedited bandwidth requests are disabled by default. When this feature is disabled, the controller ignores all expedited requests and processes TSPEC requests as normal TSPEC requests.

This table lists examples of TSPEC request handling for normal TSPEC requests and expedited bandwidth requests.

Table 1 TSPEC Request Handling Examples

CAC Mode

Reserved bandwidth for voice calls

Usage

Normal TSPEC Request

TSPEC with Expedited 
Bandwidth Request

Bandwidth-based CAC

75% (default setting)

Less than 75%

Admitted

Admitted

Between 75% and 90% (reserved bandwidth for voice calls exhausted)

Rejected

Admitted

More than 90%

Rejected

Rejected

Load-based CAC

Less than 75%

Admitted

Admitted

Between 75% and 85% (reserved bandwidth for voice calls exhausted)

Rejected

Admitted

More than 85%

Rejected

Rejected

1 For bandwidth-based CAC, the voice call bandwidth usage is per access point and does not take into account co-channel access points. For load-based CAC, the voice call bandwidth usage is measured for the entire channel.
2 Bandwidth-based CAC (consumed voice and video bandwidth) or load-based CAC (channel utilization [Pb]).

Note


Admission control for TSPEC g711-40ms codec type is supported.



Note


When video ACM is enabled, the controller rejects a video TSPEC if the non-MSDU size in the TSPEC is greater than 149 or the mean data rate is greater than 1 Kbps.


U-APSD

Unscheduled automatic power save delivery (U-APSD) is a QoS facility defined in IEEE 802.11e that extends the battery life of mobile clients. In addition to extending battery life, this feature reduces the latency of traffic flow delivered over the wireless media. Because U-APSD does not require the client to poll each individual packet buffered at the access point, it allows delivery of multiple downlink packets by sending a single uplink trigger packet. U-APSD is enabled automatically when WMM is enabled.

Traffic Stream Metrics

In a voice-over-wireless LAN (VoWLAN) deployment, traffic stream metrics (TSM) can be used to monitor voice-related metrics on the client-access point air interface. It reports both packet latency and packet loss. You can isolate poor voice quality issues by studying these reports.

The metrics consist of a collection of uplink (client side) and downlink (access point side) statistics between an access point and a client device that supports CCX v4 or later releases. If the client is not CCX v4 or CCXv5 compliant, only downlink statistics are captured. The client and access point measure these metrics. The access point also collects the measurements every 5 seconds, prepares 90-second reports, and then sends the reports to the controller. The controller organizes the uplink measurements on a client basis and the downlink measurements on an access point basis and maintains an hour’s worth of historical data. To store this data, the controller requires 32 MB of additional memory for uplink metrics and 4.8 MB for downlink metrics.

TSM can be configured through either the GUI or the CLI on a per radio-band basis (for example, all 802.11a radios). The controller saves the configuration in flash memory so that it persists across reboots. After an access point receives the configuration from the controller, it enables TSM on the specified radio band.


Note


Access points support TSM entries in both local and FlexConnect modes.


This table shows the upper limit for TSM entries in different controller series.

TSM Entries

5500

7500

MAX AP TSM entries

100

100

MAX Client TSM entries

250

250

MAX TSM entries

100*250=25000

100*250=25000


Note


Once the upper limit is reached, additional TSM entries cannot be stored and sent to Cisco Prime Infrastructure. If client TSM entries are full and AP TSM entries are available, then only the AP entries are stored, and vice versa. This leads to partial output. TSM cleanup occurs every one hour. Entries are removed only for those APs and clients that are not in the system.


Configuring Voice Parameters

Configuring Voice Parameters (GUI)


    Step 1   Ensure that the WLAN is configured for WMM and the Platinum QoS level.
    Step 2   Disable all WLANs with WMM enabled and click Apply.
    Step 3   Choose Wireless and then Network under 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n, unselect the 802.11a (or 802.11b/g) Network Status check box, and click Apply to disable the radio network.
    Step 4   Choose Wireless > 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n > Media. The 802.11a (or 802.11b) > Media page appears. The Voice tab is displayed by default.
    Step 5   Select the Admission Control (ACM) check box to enable bandwidth-based CAC for this radio band. The default value is disabled.
    Step 6   Select the Admission Control (ACM) you want to use by choosing from the following choices:
    • Load-based—To enable channel-based CAC. This is the default option.
    • Static—To enable radio-based CAC.
    Step 7   In the Max RF Bandwidth text box, enter the percentage of the maximum bandwidth allocated to clients for voice applications on this radio band. Once the client reaches the value specified, the access point rejects new calls on this radio band.

    The range is 5% to 85%. The sum of maximum bandwidth percentage of voice and video should not exceed 85%.

    The default is 75%.

    Step 8   In the Reserved Roaming Bandwidth text box, enter the percentage of maximum allocated bandwidth that is reserved for roaming voice clients. The controller reserves this bandwidth from the maximum allocated bandwidth for roaming voice clients.

    The range is 0% to 25%.

    The default is 6%.

    Step 9   To enable expedited bandwidth requests, select the Expedited Bandwidth check box. By default, this text box is disabled.
    Step 10   To enable SIP CAC support, select the SIP CAC Support check box. By default, SIP CAC support is disabled.
    Step 11   From the SIP Codec drop-down list, choose one of the following options to set the codec name. The default value is G.711. The options are as follows:
    • User Defined
    • G.711
    • G.729
    Step 12   In the SIP Bandwidth (kbps) text box, enter the bandwidth in kilobits per second.

    The possible range is 8 to 64.

    The default value is 64.

    Note   

    The SIP Bandwidth (kbps) text box is highlighted only when you select the SIP codec as User-Defined. If you choose the SIP codec as G.711, the SIP Bandwidth (kbps) text box is set to 64. If you choose the SIP codec as G.729, the SIP Bandwidth (kbps) text box is set to 8.

    Step 13   In the SIP Voice Sample Interval (msecs) text box, enter the value for the sample interval.
    Step 14   In the Maximum Calls text box, enter the maximum number of calls that can be made to this radio. The maximum call limit includes both direct and roaming-in calls. If the maximum call limit is reached, the new or roaming-in calls result in failure.

    The possible range is 0 to 25.

    The default value is 0, which indicates that there is no check for maximum call limit.

    Note   

    If SIP CAC is supported and the CAC method is static, the Maximum Possible Voice Calls and Maximum Possible Roaming Reserved Calls fields appear.

    Step 15   Select the Metrics Collection check box to collect traffic stream metrics. By default, this box is unselected. That is, the traffic stream metrics is not collected by default.
    Step 16   Click Apply.
    Step 17   Reenable all WMM WLANs and click Apply.
    Step 18   Choose Network under 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n, select the 802.11a (or 802.11b/g) Network Status check box, and click Apply to reenable the radio network.
    Step 19   Click Save Configuration.
    Step 20   Repeat this procedure if you want to configure voice parameters for another radio band.

    Configuring Voice Parameters (CLI)

    Before You Begin

    Ensure that you have configured SIP-based CAC.


      Step 1   See all of the WLANs configured on the controller by entering this command:

      show wlan summary

      Step 2   Make sure that the WLAN that you are planning to modify is configured for WMM and the QoS level is set to Platinum by entering this command:

      show wlan wlan_id

      Step 3   Disable all WLANs with WMM enabled prior to changing the voice parameters by entering the command:

      config wlan disable wlan_id

      Step 4   Disable the radio network by entering this command:

      config {802.11a | 802.11b} disable network

      Step 5   Save your settings by entering this command:

      save config

      Step 6   Enable or disable bandwidth-based voice CAC for the 802.11a or 802.11b/g network by entering this command:

      config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac voice acm {enable | disable}

      Step 7   Set the percentage of maximum bandwidth allocated to clients for voice applications on the 802.11a or 802.11b/g network by entering this command:

      config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac voice max-bandwidth bandwidth

      The bandwidth range is 5 to 85%, and the default value is 75%. Once the client reaches the value specified, the access point rejects new calls on this network.

      Step 8   Set the percentage of maximum allocated bandwidth reserved for roaming voice clients by entering this command:

      config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac voice roam-bandwidth bandwidth

      The bandwidth range is 0 to 25%, and the default value is 6%. The controller reserves this much bandwidth from the maximum allocated bandwidth for roaming voice clients.

      Step 9   Configure the codec name and sample interval as parameters and to calculate the required bandwidth per call by entering this command:

      config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac voice sip codec {g711 | g729} sample-interval number_msecs

      Step 10   Configure the bandwidth that is required per call by entering this command:

      config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac voice sip bandwidth bandwidth_kbps sample-interval number_msecs

      Step 11   Reenable all WLANs with WMM enabled by entering this command:

      config wlan enable wlan_id

      Step 12   Reenable the radio network by entering this command:

      config {802.11a | 802.11b} enable network

      Step 13   View the TSM voice metrics by entering this command:

      show [802.11a | 802.11b] cu-metrics AP_Name

      The command also displays the channel utilization metrics.

      Step 14   Enter the save config command to save your settings.

      Configuring Video Parameters

      Configuring Video Parameters (GUI)


        Step 1   Ensure that the WLAN is configured for WMM and the Gold QoS level.
        Step 2   Disable all WLANs with WMM enabled and click Apply.
        Step 3   Choose Wireless and then Network under 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n, unselect the 802.11a (or 802.11b/g) Network Status check box, and click Apply to disable the radio network.
        Step 4   Choose Wireless > 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n > Media. The 802.11a (or 802.11b) > Media page appears.
        Step 5   In the Video tab, select the Admission Control (ACM) check box to enable video CAC for this radio band. The default value is disabled.
        Step 6   From the CAC Method drop-down list, choose between Static and Load Based methods.

        The static CAC method is based on the radio and the load-based CAC method is based on the channel.

        Note   

        For TSpec and SIP based CAC for video calls, only Static method is supported.

        Step 7   In the Max RF Bandwidth text box, enter the percentage of the maximum bandwidth allocated to clients for video applications on this radio band. When the client reaches the value specified, the access point rejects new requests on this radio band.

        The range is 5% to 85%. The sum of maximum bandwidth percentage of voice and video should not exceed 85%. The default is 0%.

        Step 8   In the Reserved Roaming Bandwidth text box, enter the percentage of the maximum RF bandwidth that is reserved for roaming clients for video.
        Step 9   Configure the SIP CAC Support by selecting or unselecting the SIP CAC Support check box.

        SIP CAC is supported only if SIP Snooping is enabled.

        Note   

        You cannot enable SIP CAC if you have selected the Load Based CAC method.

        Step 10   Click Apply.
        Step 11   Reenable all WMM WLANs and click Apply.
        Step 12   Choose Network under 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n, select the 802.11a (or 802.11b/g) Network Status check box, and click Apply to reenable the radio network.
        Step 13   Click Save Configuration.
        Step 14   Repeat this procedure if you want to configure video parameters for another radio band.

        Configuring Video Parameters (CLI)

        Before You Begin

        Ensure that you have configured SIP-based CAC.


          Step 1   See all of the WLANs configured on the controller by entering this command:

          show wlan summary

          Step 2   Make sure that the WLAN that you are planning to modify is configured for WMM and the QoS level is set to Gold by entering this command:

          show wlan wlan_id

          Step 3   Disable all WLANs with WMM enabled prior to changing the video parameters by entering this command:

          config wlan disable wlan_id

          Step 4   Disable the radio network by entering this command:

          config {802.11a | 802.11b} disable network

          Step 5   Save your settings by entering this command:

          save config

          Step 6   Enable or disable video CAC for the 802.11a or 802.11b/g network by entering this command:

          config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac video acm {enable | disable}

          Step 7   To configure the CAC method as either static or load-based, enter this command:

          config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac video cac-method {static | load-based}

          Step 8   Set the percentage of maximum bandwidth allocated to clients for video applications on the 802.11a or 802.11b/g network by entering this command:

          config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac video max-bandwidth bandwidth

          The bandwidth range is 5 to 85%, and the default value is 5%. However, the maximum RF bandwidth cannot exceed 85% for voice and video. Once the client reaches the value specified, the access point rejects new calls on this network.

          Note   

          If this parameter is set to zero (0), the controller assumes that you do not want to do any bandwidth allocation and, therefore, allows all bandwidth requests.

          Step 9   To configure the percentage of the maximum RF bandwidth that is reserved for roaming clients for video, enter this command:

          config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac video roam-bandwidth bandwidth

          Step 10   To configure the CAC parameters for SIP-based video calls, enter this command:

          config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac video sip {enable | disable}

          Step 11   Process or ignore the TSPEC inactivity timeout received from an access point by entering this command:

          config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac video tspec-inactivity-timeout {enable | ignore}

          Step 12   Reenable all WLANs with WMM enabled by entering this command:

          config wlan enable wlan_id

          Step 13   Reenable the radio network by entering this command:

          config {802.11a | 802.11b} enable network

          Step 14   Enter the save config command to save your settings.

          Viewing Voice and Video Settings

          Viewing Voice and Video Settings (GUI)


            Step 1   Choose Monitor > Clients to open the Clients page.
            Step 2   Click the MAC address of the desired client to open the Clients > Detail page.

            This page shows the U-APSD status (if enabled) for this client under Quality of Service Properties.

            Step 3   Click Back to return to the Clients page.
            Step 4   See the TSM statistics for a particular client and the access point to which this client is associated as follows:
            1. Hover your cursor over the blue drop-down arrow for the desired client and choose 802.11aTSM or 802.11b/g TSM. The Clients > AP page appears.
            2. Click the Detail link for the desired access point to open the Clients > AP > Traffic Stream Metrics page.

              This page shows the TSM statistics for this client and the access point to which it is associated. The statistics are shown in 90-second intervals. The timestamp text box shows the specific interval when the statistics were collected.

            Step 5   See the TSM statistics for a particular access point and a particular client associated to this access point, as follows:
            1. Choose Wireless > Access Points > Radios > 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n. The 802.11a/n/ac Radios or 802.11b/g/n Radios page appears.
            2. Hover your cursor over the blue drop-down arrow for the desired access point and choose 802.11aTSM or 802.11b/g TSM. The AP > Clients page appears.
            3. Click the Detail link for the desired client to open the AP > Clients > Traffic Stream Metrics page.

              This page shows the TSM statistics for this access point and a client associated to it. The statistics are shown in 90-second intervals. The timestamp text box shows the specific interval when the statistics were collected.


            Viewing Voice and Video Settings (CLI)


              Step 1   See the CAC configuration for the 802.11 network by entering this command:

              show ap stats {802.11a | 802.11b}

              Step 2   See the CAC statistics for a particular access point by entering this command:

              show ap stats {802.11a | 802.11b} ap_name

              Information similar to the following appears:

              
              Call Admission Control (CAC) Stats
                Voice Bandwidth in use(% of config bw)......... 0
              Total channel MT free........................ 0
              Total voice MT free.......................... 0
              Na Direct.................................... 0
              Na Roam...................................... 0
                Video Bandwidth in use(% of config bw)......... 0
                Total num of voice calls in progress........... 0
                Num of roaming voice calls in progress......... 0
                Total Num of voice calls since AP joined....... 0
                Total Num of roaming calls since AP joined..... 0
              	Total Num of exp bw requests received.......... 5
                Total Num of exp bw requests admitted.......... 2
              
Num of voice calls rejected since AP joined...... 0
                Num of roam calls rejected since AP joined..... 0
                Num of calls rejected due to insufficient bw....0
                Num of calls rejected due to invalid params.... 0
                Num of calls rejected due to PHY rate.......... 0
                Num of calls rejected due to QoS policy..... 0

              

              In the example above, “MT” is medium time, “Na” is the number of additional calls, and “exp bw” is expedited bandwidth.

              Note   

              Suppose an AP has to be rebooted when a voice client associated with the AP is on an active call. After the AP is rebooted, the client continues to maintain the call, and during the time the AP is down, the database is not refreshed by the controller. Therefore, we recommend that all active calls are ended before the AP is taken down.

              Step 3   See the U-APSD status for a particular client by entering this command:

              show client detail client_mac

              Step 4   See the TSM statistics for a particular client and the access point to which this client is associated by entering this command:

              show client tsm {802.11a | 802.11b} client_mac {ap_mac | all}

              The optional all command shows all access points to which this client has associated. Information similar to the following appears:

              
              Client Interface Mac:               00:01:02:03:04:05
              Measurement Duration:               90 seconds
              
                Timestamp                           1st Jan 2006, 06:35:80
                  UpLink Stats
                  ================
                     Average Delay (5sec intervals)............................35
                     Delay less than 10 ms.....................................20
                     Delay bet 10 - 20 ms......................................20
                     Delay bet 20 - 40 ms......................................20
                     Delay greater than 40 ms..................................20
                    Total packet Count.........................................80
                    Total packet lost count (5sec).............................10
                    Maximum Lost Packet count(5sec)............................5
                    Average Lost Packet count(5secs)...........................2
                  DownLink Stats
                  ================
                     Average Delay (5sec intervals)............................35
                     Delay less than 10 ms.....................................20
                     Delay bet 10 - 20 ms......................................20
                     Delay bet 20 - 40 ms......................................20
                     Delay greater than 40 ms..................................20
                    Total packet Count.........................................80
                    Total packet lost count (5sec).............................10
                    Maximum Lost Packet count(5sec)............................5
                    Average Lost Packet count(5secs)...........................2
              
              
              Note   

              The statistics are shown in 90-second intervals. The timestamp text box shows the specific interval when the statistics were collected.

              Note   

              Clear the TSM statistics for a particular access point or all the access points to which this client is associated by entering this clear client tsm {802.11a | 802.11b} client_mac {ap_mac | all} command.

              Step 5   See the TSM statistics for a particular access point and a particular client associated to this access point by entering this command:

              show ap stats {802.11a | 802.11b} ap_name tsm {client_mac | all}

              The optional all command shows all clients associated to this access point. Information similar to the following appears:

              
              AP Interface Mac:                   00:0b:85:01:02:03
              Client Interface Mac:               00:01:02:03:04:05
              Measurement Duration:               90 seconds
              
                Timestamp                           1st Jan 2006, 06:35:80
                  UpLink Stats
                  ================
                     Average Delay (5sec intervals)............................35
                     Delay less than 10 ms.....................................20
                     Delay bet 10 - 20 ms......................................20
                     Delay bet 20 - 40 ms......................................20
                     Delay greater than 40 ms..................................20
                    Total packet Count.........................................80
                    Total packet lost count (5sec).............................10
                    Maximum Lost Packet count(5sec)............................5
                    Average Lost Packet count(5secs)...........................2
                  DownLink Stats
                  ================
                     Average Delay (5sec intervals)............................35
                     Delay less than 10 ms.....................................20
                     Delay bet 10 - 20 ms......................................20
                     Delay bet 20 - 40 ms......................................20
                     Delay greater than 40 ms..................................20
                    Total packet Count.........................................80
                    Total packet lost count (5sec).............................10
                    Maximum Lost Packet count(5sec)............................5
                    Average Lost Packet count(5secs)...........................2
              
              
              Note   

              The statistics are shown in 90-second intervals. The timestamp text box shows the specific interval when the statistics were collected.

              Step 6   Enable or disable debugging for call admission control (CAC) messages, events, or packets by entering this command:

              debug cac {all | event | packet}{enable | disable}

              where all configures debugging for all CAC messages, event configures debugging for all CAC events, and packet configures debugging for all CAC packets.

              Step 7   Use the following command to perform voice diagnostics and to view the debug messages between a maximum of two 802.11 clients:

              debug voice-diag {enable | disable} mac-id mac-id2 [verbose]

              The verbose mode is an optional argument. When the verbose option is used, all debug messages are displayed in the console. You can use this command to monitor a maximum of two 802.11 clients. If one of the clients is a non-WiFi client, only the 802.11 client is monitored for debug messages.

              Note   

              It is implicitly assumed that the clients being monitored are on call.

              Note   

              The debug command automatically stops after 60 minutes.

              Step 8   Use the following commands to view various voice-related parameters:
              • show client voice-diag status Displays information about whether voice diagnostics is enabled or disabled. If enabled, will also displays information about the clients in the watch list and the time remaining for the diagnostics of the voice call. If voice diagnostics is disabled when the following commands are entered, a message indicating that voice diagnostics is disabled appears.
              • show client voice-diag tspec Displays the TSPEC information sent from the clients that are enabled for voice diagnostics.
              • show client voice-diag qos-map Displays information about the QoS/DSCP mapping and packet statistics in each of the four queues: VO, VI, BE, BK. The different DSCP values are also displayed.
              • show client voice-diag avrg_rssi Display the client’s RSSI values in the last 5 seconds when voice diagnostics is enabled.
              • show client voice-diag roam-history Displays information about the last three roaming calls. The output contains the timestamp, access point associated with roaming, roaming reason, and if there is a roaming failure, the reason for the roaming-failure.
              • show client calls {active | rejected} {802.11a | 802.11bg | all} This command lists the details of active TSPEC and SIP calls on the controller.
              Step 9   Use the following commands to troubleshoot video debug messages and statistics:
              • debug ap show stats {802.11b | 802.11a} ap-name multicast—Displays the access point’s supported multicast rates.
              • debug ap show stats {802.11b | 802.11a} ap-name load—Displays the access point’s QBSS and other statistics.
              • debug ap show stats {802.11b | 802.11a} ap-name tx-queue—Displays the access point’s transmit queue traffic statistics.
              • debug ap show stats {802.11b | 802.11a} ap-name client {all | video | client-mac}—Displays the access point’s client metrics.
              • debug ap show stats {802.11b | 802.11a} ap-name packet—Displays the access point’s packet statistics.
              • debug ap show stats {802.11b | 802.11a} ap-name video metrics—Displays the access point’s video metrics.
              • debug ap show stats video ap-name multicast mgid number —Displays an access point’s Layer 2 MGID database number.
              • debug ap show stats video ap-name admission—Displays an access point’s admission control statistics.
              • debug ap show stats video ap-name bandwidth—Displays an access point’s video bandwidth.

              Configuring SIP-Based CAC

              Restrictions for SIP-Based CAC

              • SIPs are available only on the Cisco 5500 Series Controllers, Cisco 8500 Series Controllers, and on the 1240, 1130, and 11n access points.
              • SIP CAC should only be used for phones that support status code 17 and do not support TSPEC-based admission control.
              • SIP CAC will be supported only if SIP snooping is enabled.

              Configuring SIP-Based CAC (GUI)

              Before You Begin
              • Ensure that you have set the voice to the platinum QoS level.
              • Ensure that you have enabled call snooping for the WLAN.
              • Ensure that you have enabled the Admission Control (ACM) for this radio.

                Step 1   Choose Wireless > Advanced > SIP Snooping to open the SIP Snooping page.
                Step 2   Specify the call-snooping ports by entering the starting port and the ending port.
                Step 3   Click Apply and then click Save Configuration.

                Configuring SIP-Based CAC (CLI)


                  Step 1   Set the voice to the platinum QoS level by entering this command:

                  config wlan qos wlan-id Platinum

                  Step 2   Enable the call-snooping feature for a particular WLAN by entering this command:

                  config wlan call-snoop enable wlan-id

                  Step 3   Enable the ACM to this radio by entering this command:

                  config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac {voice | video} acm enable

                  Step 4   To configure the call snooping ports, enter this command:

                  config advanced sip-snooping-ports starting-port ending-port

                  Step 5   To troubleshoot SIP-based CAC events, enter this command:

                  debug sip event {enable | disable}


                  Configuring Media Parameters

                  Configuring Media Parameters (GUI)


                    Step 1   Ensure that the WLAN is configured for WMM and the Gold QoS level.
                    Step 2   Disable all WLANs with WMM enabled and click Apply.
                    Step 3   Choose Wireless and then Network under 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n, unselect the 802.11a (or 802.11b/g) Network Status check box, and click Apply to disable the radio network.
                    Step 4   Choose Wireless > 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n > Media. The 802.11a (or 802.11b) > Media > Parameters page appears.
                    Step 5   Choose the Media tab to open the Media page.
                    Step 6   Select the Unicast Video Redirect check box to enable Unicast Video Redirect. The default value is disabled.
                    Step 7   In the Maximum Media Bandwidth (0-85%) text box, enter the percentage of the maximum bandwidth to be allocated for media applications on this radio band. Once the client reaches the specified value, the access point rejects new calls on this radio band.

                    The default value is 85%; valid values are from 0 to 85%.

                    Step 8   In the Client Phy Rate text box, enter the value for the rate in kilobits per second at which the client operates.
                    Step 9   In the Maximum Retry Percent (0-100%) text box, enter the percentage of the maximum retry. The default value is 80.
                    Step 10   Select the Multicast Direct Enable check box to enable the Multicast Direct Enable text box. The default value is enabled.
                    Step 11   From the Max Streams per Radio drop-down list, choose the maximum number of allowed multicast direct streams per radio. Choose a value between 1 to 20 or No Limit. The default value is set to No Limit.
                    Step 12   From the Max Streams per Client drop-down list, choose the maximum number of allowed clients per radio. Choose a value between 1 to 20 or No Limit. The default value is set to No Limit.
                    Step 13   If you want to enable the best radio queue for this radio, select the Best Effort QoS Admission check box. The default value is disabled.

                    Configuring Voice Prioritization Using Preferred Call Numbers

                    Information About Configuring Voice Prioritization Using Preferred Call Numbers

                    You can configure a controller to support calls from clients that do not support TSPEC-based calls. This feature is known as voice prioritization. These calls are given priority over other clients utilizing the voice pool. Voice prioritization is available only for SIP-based calls and not for TSPEC-based calls. If the bandwidth is available, it takes the normal flow and allocates the bandwidth to those calls.

                    You can configure up to six preferred call numbers. When a call comes to one of the configured preferred numbers, the controller does not check on the maximum call limit. It invokes the CAC to allocate bandwidth for the preferred call. The bandwidth allocation is 85 percent of the entire bandwidth pool, not just from the maximum configured voice pool. The bandwidth allocation is the same even for roaming calls.

                    Prerequisites for Configuring Voice Prioritization Using Preferred Call Numbers

                    You must configure the following before configuring voice prioritization:

                    • Set WLAN QoS to platinum.
                    • Enable ACM for the radio.
                    • Enable SIP call snooping on the WLAN.

                    Configuring a Preferred Call Number (GUI)


                      Step 1   Set the WLAN QoS profile to Platinum.
                      Step 2   Enable ACM for the WLAN radio.
                      Step 3   Enable SIP call snooping for the WLAN.
                      Step 4   Choose Wireless > Advanced > Preferred Call to open the Preferred Call page.

                      All calls configured on the controller appear.

                      Note   

                      To remove a preferred call, hover your cursor over the blue drop-down arrow and choose Remove.

                      Step 5   Click Add Number to add a new preferred call.
                      Step 6   In the Call Index text box, enter the index that you want to assign to the call. Valid values are from 1 through 6.
                      Step 7   In the Call Number text box, enter the number.
                      Step 8   Click Apply to add the new number.

                      Configuring a Preferred Call Number (CLI)


                        Step 1   Set the voice to the platinum QoS level by entering this command:

                        config wlan qos wlan-id Platinum

                        Step 2   Enable the ACM to this radio by entering this command:

                        config {802.11a | 802.11b} cac {voice | video} acm enable

                        Step 3   Enable the call-snooping feature for a particular WLAN by entering this command:

                        config wlan call-snoop enable wlan-id

                        Step 4   Add a new preferred call by entering this command:

                        config advanced sip-preferred-call-no call_index {call_number | none}

                        Step 5   Remove a preferred call by entering this command:

                        config advanced sip-preferred-call-no call_index none

                        Step 6   View the preferred call statistics by entering the following command:

                        show ap stats {802.11{a | b} | wlan} ap_name

                        Step 7   Enter the following command to list the preferred call numbers:

                        show advanced sip-preferred-call-no


                        Configuring EDCA Parameters

                        Information About EDCA Parameters

                        Enhanced distributed channel access (EDCA) parameters are designed to provide preferential wireless channel access for voice, video, and other quality-of-service (QoS) traffic.

                        Configuring EDCA Parameters (GUI)


                          Step 1   Choose Wireless and then Network under 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n, unselect the 802.11a (or 802.11b/g) Network Status check box, and click Apply to disable the radio network.
                          Step 2   Choose EDCA Parametersunder 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n. The 802.11a (or 802.11b/g) > EDCA Parameters page appears.
                          Step 3   Choose one of the following options from the EDCA Profile drop-down list:
                          • WMM—Enables the Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) default parameters. This is the default value. Choose this option when voice or video services are not deployed on your network.
                          • Spectralink Voice Priority—Enables SpectraLink voice priority parameters. Choose this option if SpectraLink phones are deployed on your network to improve the quality of calls.
                          • Voice Optimized—Enables EDCA voice-optimized profile parameters. Choose this option when voice services other than SpectraLink are deployed on your network.
                          • Voice & Video Optimized—Enables EDCA voice- and video-optimized profile parameters. Choose this option when both voice and video services are deployed on your network.
                          • Custom Voice—Enables custom voice EDCA parameters for 802.11a. The EDCA parameters under this option also match the 6.0 WMM EDCA parameters when this profile is applied.
                            Note   

                            If you deploy video services, admission control (ACM) must be disabled.

                          Step 4   If you want to enable MAC optimization for voice, select the Enable Low Latency MAC check box. Otherwise, leave this check box unselected, which is the default value. This feature enhances voice performance by controlling packet retransmits and appropriately aging out voice packets on lightweight access points, which improves the number of voice calls serviced per access point.
                          Note   

                          We do not recommend you to enable low latency MAC. You should enable low latency MAC only if the WLAN allows WMM clients. If WMM is enabled, then low latency MAC can be used with any of the EDCA profiles.

                          Step 5   Click Apply to commit your changes.
                          Step 6   To reenable the radio network, choose Network under 802.11a/n/ac or 802.11b/g/n, select the 802.11a (or 802.11b/g) Network Status check box, and click Apply.
                          Step 7   Click Save Configuration.

                          Configuring EDCA Parameters (CLI)


                            Step 1   Disable the radio network by entering this command:

                            config {802.11a | 802.11b} disable network

                            Step 2   Save your settings by entering this command:

                            save config

                            Step 3   Enable a specific EDCA profile by entering this command:

                            config advanced {802.11a | 802.11b} edca-parameters {wmm-default | svp-voice| optimized-voice| optimzed-voice-video| custom-voice}

                            • wmm-default—Enables the Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) default parameters. This is the default value. Choose this option when voice or video services are not deployed on your network.
                            • svp-voice—Enables SpectraLink voice priority parameters. Choose this option if SpectraLink phones are deployed on your network to improve the quality of calls.
                            • optimized-voice—Enables EDCA voice-optimized profile parameters. Choose this option when voice services other than SpectraLink are deployed on your network.
                            • optimized-video-voice—Enables EDCA voice- and video-optimized profile parameters. Choose this option when both voice and video services are deployed on your network.
                            • custom-voice—Enables custom voice EDCA parameters for 802.11a. The EDCA parameters under this option also match the 6.0 WMM EDCA parameters when this profile is applied.
                              Note   

                              If you deploy video services, admission control (ACM) must be disabled.

                            Step 4   View the current status of MAC optimization for voice by entering this command:

                            show {802.11a | 802.11b}

                            Information similar to the following appears:

                            
                            Voice-mac-optimization...................Disabled

                            
                            Step 5   Enable or disable MAC optimization for voice by entering this command:

                            config advanced {802.11a | 802.11b} voice-mac-optimization {enable | disable}

                            This feature enhances voice performance by controlling packet retransmits and appropriately aging out voice packets on lightweight access points, which improves the number of voice calls serviced per access point. The default value is disabled.

                            Step 6   Reenable the radio network by entering this command:

                            config {802.11a | 802.11b} enable network

                            Step 7   Enter the save config command to save your settings.