Cisco Unified Communications Manager System Guide, Release 8.6(1)
Understanding Cisco Unified Communications Manager Voice Gateways
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Table of Contents

Understanding Cisco Unified Communications Manager Voice Gateways

Gateway Configuration Checklist

MGCP BRI Gateway Configuration Checklist

Cisco Voice Gateways

Standalone Voice Gateways

Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway

Cisco VG224 Analog Phone Gateway

Cisco Voice Gateway 200

MGCP BRI Call Connections

Switch-Based Gateways

Cisco Catalyst 6000 8-Port Voice T1/E1 and Services Module

Cisco Catalyst 6000 24 Port FXS Analog Interface Module

Cisco Communication Media Module

Cisco Catalyst 4000 Access Gateway Module

Cisco Catalyst 4224 Voice Gateway Switch

H.323 Gateways

Cisco IOS H.323 Gateways

Outbound FastStart Call Connections

Voice Gateway Model Summary

Gateways, Dial Plans, and Route Groups

Dependency Records for Gateways and their Route Groups and Directory Numbers

Gateways and the Local Route Groups Feature

Gateways and the Calling Party Normalization Feature

Applying the International Escape Character, +, to Inbound Calls Over H.323 Trunks

Gateway Failover and Fallback

MGCP Gateways

IOS H.323 Gateways

Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway

Transferring Calls Between Gateways

Configuring Transfer Capabilities Using Gateway Configuration

Configuring Transfer Capabilities by Using Call Classification Service Parameter

Blocking Transfer Capabilities by Using Service Parameters

H.235 Support for Gateways

Where to Find More Information

Understanding Cisco Unified Communications Manager Voice Gateways

Cisco Unified Communications gateways enable Cisco Unified Communications Manager to communicate with non-IP telecommunications devices. Cisco Unified Communications Manager supports several types of voice gateways.

This section covers the following topics:

Gateway Configuration Checklist

Gateways enable Cisco Unified Communications Manager to communicate with non-IP telecommunications devices. Table 38-1 provides an overview of the steps that are required to configure gateways in Cisco Unified Communications Manager, along with references to related procedures and topics.

If you want to configure a MGCP BRI gateway in Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration, see Table 38-2 . For more information on gateways, see the “Where to Find More Information” section.

 

Table 38-1 Gateway Configuration Checklist

Configuration Steps
Procedures and Related Topics

Step 1

Install and configure the gateway or voice gateway module in the network.

See the installation and configuration documentation for the model of gateway that you are configuring.

Step 2

Gather the information that you need to configure the gateway to operate with Cisco Unified Communications Manager.

Gateway Configuration Settings, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Step 3

On the gateway, perform any required configuration steps.

See the voice feature software configuration documentation or Cisco IOS documentation for the model of gateway that you are configuring.

Step 4

Add and configure the gateway in Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration.

Adding Gateways to Cisco Unified Communications Manager, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Step 5

Add and configure ports on the gateway or
add and configure the Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway.

Gateway Configuration Settings, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Adding a Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Cisco Unified IP Phone Configuration , Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Step 6

For FXS ports, add directory numbers, if appropriate.

Directory Number Configuration , Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Directory Number Configuration Settings, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Step 7

Configure the dial plan for the gateway for routing calls out to the PSTN or other destinations.

This configuration can include setting up a route group, route list, and route pattern for the Gateway in Cisco Unified Communications Manager or, for some gateways, configuring the dial plan on the gateway itself.

Cisco Unified Communications Solution Reference Network Design (SRND)

Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Step 8

Reset the gateway to apply the configuration settings.

Tips About Resetting Gateways, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide


Tip To get to the default web pages for many gateway devices, you can use the IP address of that gateway. Make your hyperlink url = http://x.x.x.x/, where x.x.x.x is the dot-form IP address of the device. The web page for each gateway contains device information and the real-time status of the gateway.


MGCP BRI Gateway Configuration Checklist

Table 38-2 provides an overview of the steps that are required to configure a BRI gateway in Cisco Unified Communications Manager, along with references to related procedures and topics.

 

Table 38-2 MGCP BRI Gateway Configuration Checklist

Configuration Steps
Procedures and Related Topics

Step 1

Install and configure the gateway and voice modules in the network.

See the installation and configuration documentation for the model of gateway that you are configuring.

Step 2

Gather the information that you need to configure the gateway to operate with Cisco Unified Communications Manager and to configure the trunk interface to the PSTN or external non-IP telephony device.

Where to Find More Information

Adding a BRI Port to an MGCP Gateway, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Step 3

On the gateway, perform any required configuration steps.

See the voice feature software configuration documentation or Cisco IOS documentation for the model of gateway that you are configuring.

Step 4

Add and configure the gateway in Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration.

Gateway Configuration , Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Step 5

Add and configure ports on the gateway.

Gateway Configuration , Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Step 6

Configure the dial plan for the gateway for routing calls out to the PSTN or other destinations.

This configuration can include setting up a route group, route list, and route pattern for the gateway in Cisco Unified Communications Manager or, for some gateways, configuring the dial plan on the gateway itself.

Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Cisco Unified Communications Solution Reference Network Design (SRND)

Step 7

Reset the gateway to apply the configuration settings.

Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide


Tip To get to the default web pages for gateway devices, you can use the IP address of that gateway. Make your hyperlink url = http://x.x.x.x/, where x.x.x.x specifies the dot-form IP address of the device. The web page for each gateway contains device information and the real-time status of the gateway.


Cisco Voice Gateways

Cisco Unified Communications Manager supports several types of Cisco Unified Communications gateways. Gateways use call control protocols to communicate with the PSTN and other non-IP telecommunications devices, such as private branch exchanges (PBXs), key systems, analog phones, fax machines, and modems.

Trunk interfaces specify how the gateway communicates with the PSTN or other external devices by using time-division-multiplexing (TDM) signaling. Cisco Unified Communications Manager and Cisco gateways use a variety of TDM interfaces, but supported TDM interfaces vary by gateway model. See Cisco Unified Communications Solutions Reference Network Design for more information about selecting and configuring gateways.

The following list provides available interfaces that Cisco Unified Communications Manager supports with MGCP gateways:

  • Foreign Exchange Office (FXO)
  • Foreign Exchange Station (FXS)
  • T1 Channel Associated Signaling (CAS) recEive and transMit or ear and mouth (E&M)
  • Basic Rate Interface (BRI) Q.931
  • T1 PRI—North American ISDN Primary Rate Interface (PRI)
  • E1 PRI—European ISDN Primary Rate Interface (PRI)

The following list provides available interfaces that Cisco Unified Communications Manager supports with H.323 gateways:

  • FXO
  • FXS
  • E&M
  • Analog Direct Inward Dialing (DID)
  • Centralized Automatic Message Accounting (CAMA)
  • BRI Q.931
  • BRI QSIG—Q signaling protocol that is based on ISDN standards
  • T1 CAS FXS, FXO, and E&M
  • T1 FGD
  • T1/E1 PRI
  • T1 PRI NFAS
  • T1/E1 QSIG
  • E1 R2
  • J1

The following list provides available interfaces that Cisco Unified Communications Manager supports with SCCP gateways:

  • FXS

Cisco Unified Communications Manager can use H.323 gateways that support E1 CAS, but you must configure the E1 CAS interface on the gateway.

For information about IP telephony protocols, see the “Understanding IP Telephony Protocols” chapter.

These sections provide an overview of the following gateways that Cisco Unified Communications Manager supports:

Standalone Voice Gateways

This section describes these standalone, application-specific gateway models that are supported for use with Cisco Unified Communications Manager.

Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway

The Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway has a standalone, 19-inch rack-mounted chassis with 48-FXS ports. This product allows on-premise analog telephones, fax machines, modems, voice-messaging systems, and speakerphones to register with a single Cisco Unified Communications Manager cluster.

Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Connectivity

The Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway communicates with Cisco Unified Communications Manager by using the Skinny Client Control Protocol to allow support for the following supplementary services features for analog phones:

  • Call transfer
  • Conference
  • Call waiting (with calling party ID display)
  • Hold (including switch between parties on hold)
  • Music on hold
  • Call forward all
  • Send all calls to voice-messaging system
  • Group call pickup
  • Voice-messaging system message waiting indication
  • Speed dial (maximum of 9 speed dials)
  • Last number redial
  • Cisco fax relay
  • Dynamic port and device status that is available from Cisco Unified Communications Manager

Cisco VGC Phone Device Types

All Cisco VG248 ports and units appear as distinct devices in Cisco Unified Communications Manager with the device type “Cisco VGC Phone.” Cisco Unified Communications Manager recognizes and configures each port as a phone.

Fax and Modem Connectivity

The Cisco VG248 supports legacy fax machines and modems. When using fax machines, the Cisco VG248 uses either the Cisco fax relay or pass-through/up speed technology to transfer faxes across the network with high reliability.

You can connect any modem to the Cisco VG248 by using pass-through mode.

Voice-Mail Connectivity

The Cisco VG248 generates call information by using the Simplified Message Desk Interface (SMDI) format for all calls that are ringing on any of the 48 analog lines that connect to it. It will also pass on SMDI call information from other Cisco VG248s, or from a legacy PBX, to the voice-messaging system. Any commands for message-waiting indicators get sent to Cisco Unified Communications Manager and to any other attached SMDI hosts.

This mechanism allows for many new configurations when SMDI-based voice-messaging systems are used, including

  • You can share a single voice-messaging system between Cisco Unified Communications Manager and a legacy PBX.
  • Voice-messaging system and Cisco VG248 can function remotely in a centralized call-processing model.
  • Multiple clusters can use a single voice-messaging system, by using one Cisco VG248 per cluster.
  • Configure multiple voice-messaging systems in a single cluster because the Cisco VG248 generates SMDI call information rather than the Cisco Unified Communications Manager.

Cisco VG248 Time Device

The Cisco VG248 contains a real-time clock that is persistent across power cycles and restarts. The real-time clock gets set for the first time when the device registers with Cisco Unified Communications Manager. The clock gets set by using the DefineDateTime Skinny message that Cisco Unified Communications Manager sends. After a power cycle or restart, the clock resets when the Cisco VG248 receives the DefineDateTime message from Cisco Unified Communications Manager and then resets no more than once per hour thereafter.

Cisco VG248 Configuration File Updates

The Cisco VG248 queries the TFTP server to access the configuration files for the device. The configuration files update whenever you modify the configuration of the Cisco VG248 via Cisco Unified Communications Manager.

See “Gateway Configuration” and “Cisco Unified IP Phone Configuration” of the Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide and to the Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway Software Configuration Guide for more information .

Cisco VG224 Analog Phone Gateway

The Cisco VG224 Analog Phone Gateway, which has a standalone, 17-inch rack-mounted chassis with 24-FXS ports, allows on-premise analog telephones, fax machines, modems, and speakerphones to register with Cisco Unified Communications Manager.

This gateway supports the H.323, MGCP, SCCP, SIP, and T.38 fax relay.

Cisco Voice Gateway 200

The Cisco Unified Communications Voice Gateway (VG200) provides a 10/100BaseT Ethernet port for connection to the data network. The following list gives available telephony connections:

  • 1 to 4 FXO ports for connecting to a central office or PBX
  • 1 to 4 FXS ports for connecting to POTS telephony devices
  • 1 or 2 Digital Access T1 ports for connecting to the PSTN
  • 1 or 2 Digital Access PRI ports for connecting to the PSTN
  • MGCP or H.323 interface to Cisco Unified Communications Manager

MGCP mode supports T1/E1 PRI, T1 CAS, FXS, FXO. (Only the user side supports BRI.)

H.323 mode supports E1/T1 PRI, E1/T1 CAS, FXS, and FXO. H.323 mode supports E&M, fax relay, and G.711 modem.

The MGCP VG200 integration with legacy voice-messaging systems allows the Cisco Unified Communications Manager to associate a port with a voice mailbox and connection.

MGCP BRI Call Connections

Previously, gateways used H.323 signaling to Cisco Unified Communications Manager to provide interfaces to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) for BRI ISDN connections.

Now, Cisco Unified Communications Manager can use a Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP) gateway to handle BRI ISDN connections to the PSTN and to provide a centrally administered gateway interface. Cisco Unified Communications Manager uses logical connections to exchange MGCP and ISDN Q.931 messages with the gateway. This connection uses a User Datagram Protocol (UDP) logical connection for exchanging MGCP messages and a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connection for the backhaul ISDN Q.931 messages.

Figure 38-1 shows a typical scenario that centralizes call processing for remote-site BRI trunk gateways that connect to the PSTN. When a call arrives from or goes to the PSTN over the BRI trunk, the Cisco Unified Communications Manager and the gateway (based on an IOS router) exchange ISDN Q.931 messages across the WAN.

Figure 38-1 Topology Shows a Scenario by Using MGCP BRI Interfaces

 

For more information about MGCP BRI with Cisco Unified Communications Manager, see the MGCP-Controlled Backhaul of BRI Signaling in Conjunction with Cisco Unified Communications Manager document on the Cisco.com website.


NoteThe BRI gateway supports MGCP BRI backhaul for BRI trunk only. It does not support BRI phone or station. The IOS gateway supports BRI phones that use Skinny Client Control Protocol. The BRI gateway supports MGCP BRI backhaul for BRI trunk only. It does not support BRI phone or station. The IOS gateway supports BRI phones that use Skinny Client Control Protocol.


Switch-Based Gateways

Several telephony modules for the Cisco Catalyst 4000 and 6000 family switches act as telephony gateways. You can use existing Cisco Catalyst 4000 or 6000 family devices to implement IP telephony in your network by using the following voice gateway modules:

  • Install Catalyst 6000 voice gateway modules that are line cards in any Cisco Catalyst 6000 or 6500 series switch.
  • Install the Catalyst 4000 access gateway module in any Catalyst 4000 or 4500 series switch.

Cisco Catalyst 6000 8-Port Voice T1/E1 and Services Module

The Cisco Catalyst 6000 8-Port Voice T1/E1 and Services Modules provide the following features:

  • 8 ports for providing

Digital T1/E1 connectivity to the PSTN (T1/E1 PRI or T1 CAS)

Digital signal processor (DSP) resources for transcoding and conferencing

  • MGCP interface to Cisco Unified Communications Manager
  • Connection to a voice-messaging system (using T1 CAS)

Users have the flexibility to use ports on a T1 module for T1 connections or as network resources for voice services. Similarly, the E1 module provides ports for E1 connections or as network resources. The ports can serve as T1/E1 interfaces, or the ports will support transcoding or conferencing.


NoteEither module supports DSP features on any port, but T1 modules cannot be configured for E1 ports, and E1 modules cannot be configured for T1 ports. Either module supports DSP features on any port, but T1 modules cannot be configured for E1 ports, and E1 modules cannot be configured for T1 ports.


Similar to the Cisco MGCP-controlled gateways with FXS ports, the Cisco 6608 T1 CAS gateway supports hookflash transfer. Hookflash transfer defines a signaling procedure that allows a device, such as a voice-messaging system, to transfer to another destination. While the device is connected to Cisco Unified Communications Manager through a T1 CAS gateway, the device performs a hookflash procedure to transfer the call to another destination. Cisco Unified Communications Manager responds to the hookflash by using a blind transfer to move the call. When the call transfer completes, the voice channel that connected the original call to the device gets released.


NoteOnly E&M T1 ports support hookflash transfer. Only E&M T1 ports support hookflash transfer.


Cisco Catalyst 6000 24 Port FXS Analog Interface Module

The Cisco Catalyst 6000 24 Port FXS Analog Interface Module provides the following features:

  • 24 Port RJ-21 FXS module
  • V.34/V.90 modem, voice-messaging system, IVR, POTS
  • Cisco fax relay
  • MGCP interface to Cisco Unified Communications Manager

The Catalyst 6000 24 Port FXS Analog Interface Module provides 24 FXS ports for connecting to analog phones, conference room speakerphones, and fax machines. You can also connect to legacy voice-messaging systems by using SMDI and by associating the ports with voice-messaging extensions.

The FXS module provides legacy analog devices with connectivity into the IP network. Analog devices can use the IP network infrastructure for toll-bypass applications and to communicate with devices such as SCCP IP phones and H.323 end stations. The FXS module also supports fax relay, which enables compressed fax transmission over the IP WAN and preserves valuable WAN bandwidth for other data applications.

Cisco Communication Media Module

The Cisco Communication Media Module (CMM), which is a Catalyst 6500 line card, provides T1 and E1 gateways that allow organizations to connect their existing TDM network to their IP communications network. The Cisco CMM provides connectivity to the PSTN also. You can configure the Cisco CMM, which provides an MGCP, H.323, or SIP interface to Cisco Unified Communications Manager, with the following interface and service modules:

  • 6-port T1 interface module for connecting to the PSTN or a PBX
  • 6-port E1 interface module for connecting to the PSTN or a PBX
  • 24-port FXS interface module for connecting to POTS telephony devices

NoteThe Cisco CMM fits in the Cisco 7600 platform chassis. The Cisco CMM fits in the Cisco 7600 platform chassis.


Cisco Catalyst 4000 Access Gateway Module

The Cisco Catalyst 4000 Access Gateway Module provides an MGCP or H.323 gateway interface to Cisco Unified Communications Manager. You can configure this module with the following interface and service modules:

  • 6 ports for FXS and FXO
  • 2 T1/E1 ports for Digital Access PRI and Digital Access T1

Cisco Catalyst 4224 Voice Gateway Switch

The Cisco Catalyst 4224 Voice Gateway Switch provides a single-box solution for small branch offices. The Catalyst 4224 provides switching, IP routing, and PSTN voice-gateway services by using onboard digital signal processors (DSPs). The Catalyst 4224 has four slots that you can configure with multiflex voice and WAN interface cards to provide up to 24 ports. These ports can support the following voice capabilities:

  • FXS ports for POTS telephony devices
  • FXO ports for PSTN connections
  • T1 or E1 ports for Digital Access PRI, and Digital Access T1 services

The Cisco Catalyst 4224 Access Gateway Switch provides an MGCP or H.323 interface to Cisco Unified Communications Manager.

H.323 Gateways

H.323 devices comply with the H.323 communications standards and enable video conferencing over LANs and other packet-switched networks. You can add third-party H.323 devices or other Cisco devices that support H.323 (such as the Cisco 2600 series, 3600 series, or 5300 series gateways).

Cisco IOS H.323 Gateways

Cisco IOS H.323 gateways such as the Cisco 2600, 3600, 1751, 1760, 3810 V3, 7200 7500, AS5300, and VG200 provide full-featured routing capabilities. See the documentation for each of these gateway types for information about supported voice gateway features and configuration.

Outbound FastStart Call Connections

Calls that are placed from IP phones over large WAN topologies can experience voice clipping when the called party goes off hook to answer the call. When H.323 trunks or gateways are separated from the Cisco Unified Communications Manager server, significant delays can occur because of the many H.245 messages that are exchanged when a call is set up.

With the FastStart feature, information that is required to complete a media connection between two parties gets exchanged during the H.225 portion of call setup, and this exchange eliminates the need for H.245 messages. The connection experiences one roundtrip WAN delay during call setup, and the calling party does not receive voice clipping when the called party answers the call.

Cisco Unified Communications Manager uses media termination points (MTP) for making an H.323 outbound FastStart call. Cisco Unified Communications Manager starts an outbound FastStart call by allocating an MTP and opening the receive channel. Next, the H.323 Fast Connect procedure sends the SETUP message with a FastStart element to the called endpoint. The FastStart element includes information about the receiving channel for the MTP.

The called endpoint accepts the H.323 Fast Connect procedure by sending a CALL PROCEEDING, PROGRESS, ALERT, or CONNECT message that contains a FastStart element. When Cisco Unified Communications Manager receives the FastStart element, it connects the media immediately and avoids the delays with the usual exchange of H.245 messages.

The called endpoint can refuse the H.323 Fast Connect procedure by not returning the FastStart element in any of the messages up to and including the CONNECT message. In this case, the Cisco Unified Communications Manager handles the call as a normal call and uses the MTP for subsequent media cut-through.

The Outbound FastStart feature requires an MTP. If an MTP is not available when the call is set up, the call continues without FastStart and with no supplementary services. If you want all calls to use FastStart only, you can set the service parameter called “Fail call if MTP allocation fails,” which is located in the Cluster Wide Parameters (Device-H323) portion of the service parameters for the Cisco Unified CallManager service. When you set this parameter to True, the system rejects calls when no MTP is available.

Related Topic

H.323 Gateway Configuration Settings , Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide

Voice Gateway Model Summary

Table 38-3 summarizes Cisco voice gateways that Cisco Unified Communications Manager supports with information about the supported signaling protocols, trunk interfaces, and port types.

 

Table 38-3 Overview of Supported Voice Gateways, Protocols, Trunk Interfaces, and Port Types

Gateway Model
Supported Signaling Protocols
Trunk Interfaces
Port Types
Notes
Cisco IOS Integrated Routers

Cisco 1751 and Cisco 1760

H.323 and SIP

FXS

Loopstart or groundstart

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

 

 

 

E&M

 

 

 

 

Analog DID

 

 

 

 

CAMA

 

 

 

 

BRI

 

 

 

 

BRI QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M, FXS, FXO)

 

 

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

MGCP

FXS

Loopstart only

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

No caller ID

 

 

BRI

 

User side only; no QSIG support

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

Cisco 2600, 2600XM series, 2691, 3700 series

H.323 and SIP

FXS

Loopstart or groundstart

 

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

Basic calls only

 

 

E&M

 

 

 

 

Analog DID

 

 

 

 

CAMA

 

 

 

 

BRI

 

 

 

 

BRI QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M, FXS, FXO)

 

 

 

 

T1 FGD

 

 

 

 

E1 CAS

 

 

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI NFAS

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI (Megacom/SDN)

 

Per T1 port only; not per call

 

MGCP

FXS

Loopstart only

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

No caller ID

 

 

BRI

 

Only 2600XM/2691 support MGCP BRI; User side only; no QSIG support

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI (Megacom/SDN)

 

Per call

 

SCCP

BRI

 

DoD STE BRI phones only; single-B-channel

Cisco 3600 series

H.323 and SIP

FXS

Loopstart or groundstart

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

 

 

 

E&M

 

 

 

 

Analog DID

 

 

 

 

CAMA

 

 

 

 

BRI

 

 

 

 

BRI QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M, FXS, FXO)

 

 

 

 

T1 FGD

 

 

 

 

E1 CAS

 

 

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI NFAS

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI (Megacom/SDN)

 

Per T1 port only; not per call

 

MGCP

FXS

Loopstart only

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

No caller ID

 

 

BRI

 

Only 3640/3660 and some interface cards support MGCP BRI; User side only; no QSIG support

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI (Megacom/SDN)

 

Per call

Cisco 2800 and 3800 series

H.323 and SIP

FXS

Loopstart or groundstart

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

 

 

 

E&M

 

 

 

 

Analog DID

 

 

 

 

CAMA

 

 

 

 

BRI

 

 

 

 

BRI QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M, FXS, FXO)

 

 

 

 

T1 FGD

 

 

 

 

E1 CAS

 

 

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI NFAS

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI (Megacom/SDN)

 

Per T1 port only; not per call

 

MGCP

FXS

Loopstart only

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

No caller ID

 

 

BRI

 

User side only; no QSIG support

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI (Megacom/SDN)

 

Per call

 

SCCP

FXS

 

 

Cisco 7200 series

H.323

T1 CAS (E&M, FXS, FXO)

 

 

 

 

T1 FGD

 

 

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

Cisco 5000 series

H.323 and SIP

T1 CAS (E&M, FXS, FXO)

 

 

 

 

T1 FGB

 

 

 

 

T1 FGD

 

 

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

Cisco Standalone Voice Gateways

Cisco VG224 Analog Gateway

H.323, MGCP, and SIP

FXS

 

Basic calls only

 

SCCP

FXS

 

Supplementary Services

Cisco VG248 Analog Gateway

SCCP

FXS

 

Supplementary Services

Cisco VG200 Gateway

H.323 and SIP

FXS

Loopstart or groundstart

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

 

 

 

E&M

 

 

 

 

Analog DID

 

 

 

 

CAMA

 

 

 

 

BRI

 

 

 

 

BRI QSIG

 

 

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M, FXS, FXO)

 

 

 

 

T1 FGD

 

 

 

 

E1 CAS

 

 

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI NFAS

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI (Megacom/SDN)

 

Per T1 port only; not per call

 

MGCP

FXS

Loopstart only

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

No caller ID

 

 

BRI

 

Only 2600XM/2691 support MGCP BRI; User side only; no QSIG support

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI (Megacom/SDN)

 

Per call

Cisco Access Analog Trunk Gateway (AT-2, AT-4, AT-8)

SCCP

FXO

Loop start

 

Cisco Access Analog Station Gateway (AS-2, AS-4, AS-8)

SCCP

FXS

 

Supplementary Services

Cisco Catalyst Voice Gateway Modules

Cisco Communication Media Module (WS-X6600-24FXS)

MGCP or H.323

FXS

 

Basic calls only

Cisco Communication Media Module (WS-X6600-6T1)

H.323

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1 PRI NFAS

 

 

 

MGCP

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

 

 

T1 PRI

 

 

Cisco Communication Media Module (WS-X6600-6E1)

H.323

E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

MGCP

E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

E1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

Cisco Catalyst 4000 Access Gateway Module (WS-X4604-GWY)

H.323

FXS

Loopstart or groundstart

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

Loopstart or groundstart

 

 

 

T1 CAS

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Basic calls only

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

 

MGCP

FXS

 

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

 

 

 

 

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

Cisco Catalyst 4224 Voice Gateway Switch

H.323

FXS

 

Basic calls only

 

 

FXO

 

 

 

 

BRI

 

 

 

 

T1 CAS

 

 

 

 

E1 R2

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 QSIG

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 PRI

 

 

Cisco Catalyst 6000 8-Port Voice T1/E1 and Services Module (WS-X6608-T1)

MGCP

T1 CAS (E&M)

 

 

 

 

T1 PRI

 

 

 

 

T1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

Cisco Catalyst 6000 8-Port Voice T1/E1 and Services Module (WS-X6608-E1)

MGCP

E1 PRI

 

 

 

 

E1 QSIG

 

Supplementary Services

Cisco Catalyst 6000 24-Port FXS Analog Interface Module (WS-X6624-FXS)

MGCP

FXS

Loopstart only

Basic calls only

Gateways, Dial Plans, and Route Groups

Gateways use dial plans to access or call out to the PSTN, route groups, and group-specific gateways. The different gateways that are used within Cisco Unified Communications Solutions have dial plans that are configured in different places:

  • Configure dial plan information for both Skinny and MGCP gateways in the Cisco Unified Communications Manager.
  • Configure dial plans in Cisco Unified Communications Manager to access the H.323-based Cisco IOS software gateways. Configure dial peers in the H.323-based gateways to pass the call out of the gateway.

The route group points to one or more gateways and can choose the gateways for call routing based on preference. The route group can serve as a trunk group by directing all calls to the primary device and then using the secondary devices when the primary is unavailable. One or more route lists can point to the same route group.

All devices in a given route group share the same characteristics such as path and digit manipulation. Cisco Unified Communications Manager restricts the gateways that you can include in the same route group and the route groups that you can include in the same route list. For more information about routing, see the “Route Plan Overview” section.

Route groups can perform digit manipulation that will override what was performed in the route pattern. Configuration information that is associated with the gateway defines how the call is actually placed and can override what was configured in the route pattern.

You can configure H.323 trunks, not H.323gateways, to be gatekeeper-controlled trunks. This means that before a call is placed to an H.323 device, it must successfully query the gatekeeper. See the “Gatekeeper and Gatekeeper-Controlled Trunk Configuration Checklist” section for more information.

Multiple clusters for inbound and outbound calls can share H.323 trunks, but MGCP and Skinny-based gateways remain dedicated to a single Cisco Unified Communications Manager cluster.

Related Topics

Dependency Records for Gateways and their Route Groups and Directory Numbers

To find route groups or directory numbers that a specific gateway or gateway port is using, click the Dependency Records link that is provided on the Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Gateway Configuration window. The Dependency Records Summary window displays information about route groups and directory numbers that are using the gateway or port. To find out more information about the route group or directory number, click the route group or directory number, and the Dependency Records Details window displays. If the dependency records are not enabled for the system, the dependency records summary window displays a message.

For more information about Dependency Records, see the Accessing Dependency Records, Tips About Deleting Gateways, and Removing a Directory Number from a Phone sections in the Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Guide .

Related Topics

Gateways and the Local Route Groups Feature

A special virtual Local Route Group can be bound to a real route group differently based on the Local Route Group device pool setting of the originating device. Devices, such as phones, from different locales can therefore use identical route lists and route patterns, but Cisco Unified Communications Manager selects the correct gateway(s) for their local end.

If the Local Route Group feature is in use, configuration of gateways changes, particularly with respect to configuration of the following gateway fields:

  • Called Party Transformation CSS
  • Use Device Pool Called Party Transformation CSS

See the “Local Route Groups” chapter in the Cisco Unified Communications Manager Features and Services Guide for details.

Gateways and the Calling Party Normalization Feature

In line with E.164 standards, calling party normalization enhances the dialing capabilities of some phones and improves call back functionality when a call is routed to multiple geographical locations; that is, the feature ensures that the called party can return a call without needing to modify the directory number in the call log directories on the phone. Additionally, calling party normalization allows you to globalize and localize phone numbers, so the appropriate calling number presentation displays on the phone.

Configuring calling party normalization alleviates issues with toll bypass where the call is routed to multiple locations over the IP WAN. In addition, it allows Cisco Unified Communications Manager to distinguish the origin of the call to globalize or localize the calling party number for the phone user.

SIP trunks and MGCP gateways can support sending the international escape character, +, for calls. H.323 gateways/trunks do not support the + because the H.323 protocol does not support the international escape character, +. For outgoing calls through a gateway that supports +, Cisco Unified Communications Manager can send the + with the dialed digits to the gateway/trunk. For outgoing calls through a gateway/trunk that does not support +, the international escape character + gets stripped when Cisco Unified Communications Manager sends the call information to the gateway/trunk.

SIP does not support the number type, so calls through SIP trunks only support the Incoming Calling Party Unknown Number (prefix and digits-to-strip) settings.

For information on how to configure this feature for your gateway, see the “Calling Party Normalization” chapter in the Cisco Unified Communications Manager Features and Services Guide .

You can configure the international escape character, +, to globalize the calling party number. For information on the international escape character, +, see “Using the International Escape Character +” section.

Applying the International Escape Character, +, to Inbound Calls Over H.323 Trunks

The H.323 protocol does not support the international escape character, +. To ensure that correct prefixes, including the international escape character, +, get applied for inbound calls over H.323 gateways/trunks, you must configure the incoming called party settings in the service parameter, device pool, H.323 gateway, or H.323 trunk windows; that is, configuring the incoming called party settings ensures that when a inbound call comes from a H.323 gateway or trunk, Cisco Unified Communications Manager transforms the called party number back to the value that was originally sent over the trunk/gateway.

For example, to ensure that the correct DN patterns get used with SAF/call control discovery for inbound calls over H.323 gateways/trunks, you must configure the incoming called party settings in the service parameter, device pool, or H.323 (non-gatekeeper controlled) trunk window. See the following example for more information.

  • A caller places a call to +19721230000 to Cisco Unified Communications Manager A.
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager A receives +19721230000 and transforms the number to 55519721230000 before sending the call to the H.323 trunk. In this case, your configuration indicates that the international escape character + should be stripped and 555 should be prepended for calls of International type.
  • For this inbound call from the trunk, Cisco Unified Communications Manager B receives 55519721230000 and transforms the number back to +19721230000 so that digit analysis can use the value as it was sent by the caller. In this case, your configuration for the incoming called party settings indicates that you want 555 to be stripped and +1 to be prepended to called party numbers of International type.

The service parameters support the Cisco CallManager service. To configure the service parameters, click Advanced in the Service Parameter Configuration window for the Cisco CallManager service; then, locate the H.323 pane for the following parameters:

  • Incoming Called Party National Number Prefix - H.323
  • Incoming Called Party International Number Prefix - H.323
  • Incoming Called Party Subscriber Number Prefix - H.323
  • Incoming Called Party Unknown Number Prefix - H.323

These service parameters allow you to prefix digits to the called number based on the Type of Number field for the inbound offered call. You can also strip a specific number of leading digits before the prefix gets applied. To prefix and strip digits by configuring these parameter fields, use the following formula, x:y, where x represents the exact prefix that you want to add to called number and y represents the number of digits stripped; be aware that the colon separates the prefix and the number of stripped digits. For example, enter 91010:6 in the field, which means that you want to strip 6 digits and then add 901010 to the beginning of the called number. In this example, a national call of 2145551234 becomes 910101234. You can strip up to 24 digits and prefix/add up to than 16 digits.

Gateway Failover and Fallback

This section describes how these Cisco voice gateways handle Cisco Unified Communications Manager failover and fallback situations. See the following topics:

MGCP Gateways

To handle Cisco Unified Communications Manager failover situations, MGCP gateways receive a list of Cisco Unified Communications Managers that is arranged according to the Cisco Unified Communications Manager group and defined for the device pool that is assigned to the gateway. A Cisco Unified Communications Manager group can contain one, two, or three Cisco Unified Communications Managers that are listed in priority order for the gateway to use. If the primary Cisco Unified Communications Manager in the list fails, the secondary Cisco Unified Communications Manager gets used. If the primary and secondary Cisco Unified Communications Managers fail, the tertiary Cisco Unified Communications Manager gets used.

Fallback describes the process of recovering a higher priority Cisco Unified Communications Manager when a gateway fails over to a secondary or tertiary Cisco Unified Communications Manager. Cisco MGCP gateways periodically take status of higher priority Cisco Unified Communications Managers. When a higher priority Cisco Unified Communications Manager is ready, it gets marked as available again. The gateway reverts to the highest available Cisco Unified Communications Manager when all calls go idle or within 24 hours, whichever occurs first. The administrator can force a fallback either by stopping the lower priority Cisco Unified Communications Manager whereby calls get preserved, by restarting the gateway, which preserves calls, or by resetting Cisco Unified Communications Manager, which terminates calls.


NoteSkinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) gateways handle Cisco Unified Communications Manager redundancy, failover, and fallback in the same way as MGCP gateways. Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) gateways handle Cisco Unified Communications Manager redundancy, failover, and fallback in the same way as MGCP gateways.


IOS H.323 Gateways

Cisco IOS gateways also handle Cisco Unified Communications Manager failover situations. By using several enhancements to the dial-peer and voice class commands in Cisco IOS Release 12.1(2)T, Cisco IOS gateways can support redundant Cisco Unified Communications Managers. The command, h225 tcp timeout seconds , specifies the time that it takes for the Cisco IOS gateway to establish an H.225 control connection for H.323 call setup. If the Cisco IOS gateway cannot establish an H.225 connection to the primary Cisco Unified Communications Manager, it tries a second Cisco Unified Communications Manager that is defined in another dial-peer statement. The Cisco IOS gateway shifts to the dial-peer statement with the next highest preference setting.

The following example shows the configuration for H.323 gateway failover:

interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 10.1.1.10 255.255.255.0
dial-peer voice 101 voip
destination-pattern 1111
session target ipv4:10.1.1.101
preference 0
voice class h323 1
dial-peer voice 102 voip
destination-pattern 1111
session target ipv4:10.1.1.102
preference 1
voice class h323 1
voice class h323 1
h225 timeout tcp establish 3
 

NoteTo simplify troubleshooting and firewall configurations, Cisco recommends that you use the new To simplify troubleshooting and firewall configurations, Cisco recommends that you use the new voip-gateway voip bind srcaddr command for forcing H.323 always to use a specific source IP address in call setup. Without this command, the source address that is used in the setup might vary and depends on protocol (RAS, H.225, H.245, or RTP).


Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway

The Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway supports the Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) for clustering and failover.

Transferring Calls Between Gateways

Using Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration, you can configure gateways as OnNet (internal) gateways or OffNet (external) gateways by using Gateway Configuration or by setting a clusterwide service parameter. Used in conjunction with the clusterwide service parameter, Block OffNet to OffNet Transfer, the configuration determines whether calls can be transferred over a gateway.

To use the same gateway to route both OnNet and OffNet calls, associate the gateway with two different route patterns. Make one gateway OnNet and the other OffNet with both having the Allow Device Override check box unchecked.

Configuring Transfer Capabilities Using Gateway Configuration

Using Cisco Unified Communications Manager Administration Gateway Configuration, you can configure a gateway as OffNet or OnNet. The system considers the calls that come to the network through that gateway OffNet or OnNet, respectively. Use the Gateway Configuration window field, Call Classification, to configure the gateway as OffNet, OnNet, or Use System Default. See Table 38-4 for description of these settings.

The Route Pattern Configuration window provides a drop-down list box called Call Classification, which allows you to configure a route pattern as OffNet or OnNet. When Call Classification is set to OffNet and the Allow Device Override check box is unchecked, the system considers the outgoing calls that use this route pattern as OffNet (if configured as OnNet and check box is unchecked, then outgoing calls are considered OnNet).

You can use the same gateway to route both OnNet and OffNet calls by associating the gateway with two different route patterns: one OnNet and the other OffNet, with both having the Allow Device Override check box unchecked. For outgoing calls, the outgoing device setting classifies the call as either OnNet or OffNet by determining whether the Allow Device Override check box is checked.

In route pattern configuration, if the Call Classification is set as OnNet, the Allow Device Override check box is checked, and the route pattern is associated with an OffNet gateway, the system considers the outgoing call OffNet.

 

Table 38-4 Gateway Configuration Call Classification Settings

Setting Name
Description

OffNet

This setting identifies the gateway as being an external gateway. When a call comes in from a gateway that is configured as OffNet, the outside ring gets sent to the destination device.

OnNet

This setting identifies the gateway as being an internal gateway. When a call comes in from a gateway that is configured as OnNet, the inside ring gets sent to the destination device.

Use System Default

This setting uses the Cisco Unified Communications Manager clusterwide service parameter Call Classification.

Configuring Transfer Capabilities by Using Call Classification Service Parameter

To configure all gateways to be OffNet (external) or OnNet (internal), perform the following two steps:

1. Use the Cisco Unified Communications Manager clusterwide service parameter Call Classification.

2. Configure individual gateways to Use System Default in the Call Classification field that is on the Gateway Configuration window.

Blocking Transfer Capabilities by Using Service Parameters

Block transfer provides a way of restricting transfer between external devices, so fraudulent activity gets prevented. You can configure the following devices as OnNet (internal) or OffNet (external) to Cisco Unified Communications Manager:

  • H.323 gateway
  • MGCP FXO trunk
  • MGCP T1/E1 trunk
  • Intercluster trunk
  • SIP trunk

If you do not want OffNet calls to be transferred to an external device (one that is configured as OffNet), set the Cisco Unified Communications Manager clusterwide service parameter, Block OffNet to OffNet Transfer, to True.

If a user tries to transfer a call on an OffNet gateway that is configured as blocked, a message displays on the user phone to indicate that the call cannot be transferred.

Related Topics

H.235 Support for Gateways

This feature allows Cisco Unified Communications Manager gateways to transparently pass through the shared secret (Diffie-Hellman key) and other H.235 data between two H.235 endpoints so that the two endpoints can establish a secure media channel.

For more information, see the Cisco Unified Communications Manager Security Guide .

Where to Find More Information

Related Topics

Additional Cisco Documentation

  • Cisco Unified Communications Solution Reference Network Design (SRND)
  • Configuring Cisco Unified Communications Voice Gateways
  • Implementing Fax Over IP on Cisco Voice Gateways
  • Cisco IOS Fax and Modem Services over IP Application Guide
  • Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway Software Configuration Guide
  • Cisco VG248 Analog Phone Gateway Hardware Installation Guide
  • Cisco Voice Gateway Router Interoperability with Communications Manager
  • Cisco IOS Voice Configuration Library
  • Cisco IOS H.323 Configuration Guide
  • Cisco IOS MGCP and Related Protocols Configuration Guide
  • Cisco IOS SIP Configuration Guide
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager Security Guide