Catalyst 6500 Release 12.2SXF and Rebuilds Software Configuration Guide
MLDv2 Snooping
Downloads: This chapterpdf (PDF - 306.0KB) The complete bookPDF (PDF - 14.68MB) | Feedback

Configuring MLDv2 Snooping for IPv6 Multicast Traffic

Table Of Contents

Configuring MLDv2 Snooping for IPv6 Multicast Traffic

Understanding How MLDv2 Snooping Works

MLDv2 Snooping Overview

MLDv2 Messages

Source-Based Filtering

Explicit Host Tracking

MLDv2 Snooping Proxy Reporting

Joining an IPv6 Multicast Group

Leaving a Multicast Group

Normal Leave Processing

Fast-Leave Processing

Understanding the MLDv2 Snooping Querier

Default MLDv2 Snooping Configuration

MLDv2 Snooping Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

MLDv2 Snooping Querier Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

Enabling the MLDv2 Snooping Querier

Configuring MLDv2 Snooping

Enabling MLDv2 Snooping

Configuring a Static Connection to a Multicast Receiver

Configuring a Multicast Router Port Statically

Configuring the MLD Snooping Query Interval

Enabling Fast-Leave Processing

Enabling SSM Safe Reporting

Configuring Explicit Host Tracking

Configuring Report Suppression

Displaying MLDv2 Snooping Information

Displaying Multicast Router Interfaces

Displaying MAC Address Multicast Entries

Displaying MLDv2 Snooping Information for a VLAN Interface


Configuring MLDv2 Snooping for IPv6 Multicast Traffic


This chapter describes how to configure Multicast Listener Discovery version 2 (MLDv2) snooping for IPv6 multicast traffic on the Catalyst 6500 series switches. Release 12.2(18)SXE and later releases support MLDv2 snooping on all versions of the PFC3.


NoteFor complete syntax and usage information for the commands used in this chapter, refer to the Cisco IOS Master Command List, Release 12.2SX at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/mcl/allreleasemcl/all_book.html

To constrain IPv4 Multicast traffic, see Chapter 30 "Configuring IGMP Snooping for IPv4 Multicast Traffic."

MLD version 1 is not supported.


This chapter consists of these sections:

Understanding How MLDv2 Snooping Works

Default MLDv2 Snooping Configuration

MLDv2 Snooping Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

MLDv2 Snooping Querier Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

Enabling the MLDv2 Snooping Querier

Configuring MLDv2 Snooping


Tip For additional information about Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches (including configuration examples and troubleshooting information), see the documents listed on this page:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/switches/ps708/tsd_products_support_series_home.html

Participate in the Technical Documentation Ideas forum


Understanding How MLDv2 Snooping Works

These sections describe MLDv2 snooping:

MLDv2 Snooping Overview

MLDv2 Messages

Source-Based Filtering

Explicit Host Tracking

MLDv2 Snooping Proxy Reporting

Joining an IPv6 Multicast Group

Leaving a Multicast Group

Understanding the MLDv2 Snooping Querier

MLDv2 Snooping Overview

MLDv2 snooping allows Catalyst 6500 series switches to examine MLDv2 packets and make forwarding decisions based on their content.

You can configure the switch to use MLDv2 snooping in subnets that receive MLDv2 queries from either MLDv2 or the MLDv2 snooping querier. MLDv2 snooping constrains IPv6 multicast traffic at Layer 2 by configuring Layer 2 LAN ports dynamically to forward IPv6 multicast traffic only to those ports that want to receive it.

MLDv2, which runs at Layer 3 on a multicast router, generates Layer 3 MLDv2 queries in subnets where the multicast traffic needs to be routed. For information about MLDv2, see this publication:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios-xml/ios/ipv6/configuration/12-2sx/ipv6-12-2sx-book.html

You can configure the MLDv2 snooping querier on the switch to support MLDv2 snooping in subnets that do not have any multicast router interfaces. For more information about the MLDv2 snooping querier, see the "Enabling the MLDv2 Snooping Querier" section.

MLDv2 (on a multicast router) or the MLDv2 snooping querier (on the supervisor engine) sends out periodic general MLDv2 queries that the switch forwards through all ports in the VLAN, and to which hosts respond. MLDv2 snooping monitors the Layer 3 MLDv2 traffic.


Note PFC/DFC 3B/3BXL does not support source-only Layer 2 entries and therefore IPv6 multicast flooding cannot be prevented in a source-only network.



Note If a multicast group has only sources and no receivers in a VLAN, MLDv2 snooping constrains the multicast traffic to only the multicast router ports.


MLDv2 Messages

MLDv2 uses these messages:

Multicast listener queries:

General query—Sent by a multicast router to learn which multicast addresses have listeners.

Multicast address specific query—Sent by a multicast router to learn if a particular multicast address has any listeners.

Multicast address and source specific query—Sent by a multicast router to learn if any of the sources from the specified list for the particular multicast address has any listeners.

Multicast listener reports:

Current state record (solicited)—Sent by a host in response to a query to specify the INCLUDE or EXCLUDE mode for every multicast group in which the host is interested.

Filter mode change record (unsolicited)—Sent by a host to change the INCLUDE or EXCLUDE mode of one or more multicast groups.

Source list change record (unsolicited)—Sent by a host to change information about multicast sources.

Source-Based Filtering

MLDv2 uses source-based filtering, which enables hosts and routers to specify which multicast sources should be allowed or blocked for a specific multicast group. Source-based filtering either allows or blocks traffic based on the following information in MLDv2 messages:

Source lists

INCLUDE or EXCLUDE mode

Because the Layer 2 table is (MAC-group, VLAN) based, with MLDv2 hosts it is preferable to have only a single multicast source per MAC-group.


Note Source-based filtering is not supported in hardware. The states are maintained only in software and used for explicit host tracking and statistics collection.


Explicit Host Tracking

MLDv2 supports explicit tracking of membership information on any port. The explicit-tracking database is used for fast-leave processing, proxy reporting, and statistics collection. When explicit tracking is enabled on a VLAN, the MLDv2 snooping software processes the MLDv2 report it receives from a host and builds an explicit-tracking database that contains the following information:

The port connected to the host

The channels reported by the host

The filter mode for each group reported by the host

The list of sources for each group reported by the hosts

The router filter mode of each group

For each group, the list of hosts requesting the source


NoteDisabling explicit host tracking disables fast-leave processing and proxy reporting.

When explicit tracking is enabled and the switch is in report-suppression mode, the multicast router might not be able to track all the hosts accessed through a VLAN interface.


MLDv2 Snooping Proxy Reporting

Because MLDv2 does not have report suppression, all the hosts send their complete multicast group membership information to the multicast router in response to queries. The switch snoops these responses, updates the database and forwards the reports to the multicast router. To prevent the multicast router from becoming overloaded with reports, MLDv2 snooping does proxy reporting.

Proxy reporting forwards only the first report for a multicast group to the router and suppresses all other reports for the same multicast group.

Proxy reporting processes solicited and unsolicited reports. Proxy reporting is enabled and cannot be disabled.


Note Disabling explicit host tracking disables fast-leave processing and proxy reporting.


Joining an IPv6 Multicast Group

Hosts join IPv6 multicast groups either by sending an unsolicited MLDv2 report or by sending an MLDv2 report in response to a general query from an IPv6 multicast router (the switch forwards general queries from IPv6 multicast routers to all ports in a VLAN). The switch snoops these reports.

In response to a snooped MLDv2 report, the switch creates an entry in its Layer 2 forwarding table for the VLAN on which the report was received. When other hosts that are interested in this multicast traffic send MLDv2 reports, the switch snoops their reports and adds them to the existing Layer 2 forwarding table entry. The switch creates only one entry per VLAN in the Layer 2 forwarding table for each multicast group for which it snoops an MLDv2 report.

MLDv2 snooping suppresses all but one of the host reports per multicast group and forwards this one report to the IPv6 multicast router.

The switch forwards multicast traffic for the multicast group specified in the report to the interfaces where reports were received (see Figure 29-1).

Layer 2 multicast groups learned through MLDv2 snooping are dynamic. However, you can statically configure Layer 2 multicast groups using the mac-address-table static command. When you specify group membership for a multicast group address statically, the static setting supersedes any MLDv2 snooping learning. Multicast group membership lists can consist of both static and MLDv2 snooping-learned settings.

Figure 29-1 Initial MLDv2 Listener Report

Multicast router A sends an MLDv2 general query to the switch, which forwards the query to ports 2 through 5 (all members of the same VLAN). Host 1 wants to join an IPv6 multicast group and multicasts an MLDv2 report to the group with the equivalent MAC destination address of 0x0100.5E01.0203. When the switch snoops the MLDv2 report multicast by Host 1, the switch uses the information in the MLDv2 report to create a forwarding-table entry, as shown in Table 29-1, that includes the port numbers of Host 1, the multicast router, and the switch.

Table 29-1 MLDv2 Snooping Forwarding Table

Destination MAC Address
Type of Packet
Ports

0100.5exx.xxxx

MLDv2

0

0100.5e01.0203

!MLDv2

1, 2


The switch hardware can distinguish MLDv2 information packets from other packets for the multicast group. The first entry in the table tells the switch to send only MLDv2 packets to the CPU. This prevents the switch from becoming overloaded with multicast frames. The second entry tells the switch to send frames addressed to the 0x0100.5E01.0203 multicast MAC address that are not MLDv2 packets (!MLDv2) to the multicast router and to the host that has joined the group.

If another host (for example, Host 4) sends an unsolicited MLDv2 report for the same group (Figure 29-2), the switch snoops that message and adds the port number of Host 4 to the forwarding table as shown in Table 29-2. Because the forwarding table directs MLDv2 messages only to the switch, the message is not flooded to other ports. Any known multicast traffic is forwarded to the group and not to the switch.

Figure 29-2 Second Host Joining a Multicast Group

Table 29-2 Updated MLDv2 Snooping Forwarding Table

Destination MAC Address
Type of Packet
Ports

0100.5exx.xxxx

MLDv2

0

0100.5e01.0203

!MLDv2

1, 2, 5


Leaving a Multicast Group

These sections describe leaving a multicast group:

Normal Leave Processing

Fast-Leave Processing

Normal Leave Processing

Interested hosts must continue to respond to the periodic MLDv2 general queries. As long as at least one host in the VLAN responds to the periodic MLDv2 general queries, the multicast router continues forwarding the multicast traffic to the VLAN. When hosts want to leave a multicast group, they can either ignore the periodic MLDv2 general queries (called a "silent leave"), or they can send an MLDv2 filter mode change record.

When MLDv2 snooping receives a filter mode change record from a host that configures the EXCLUDE mode for a group, MLDv2 snooping sends out a MAC-addressed general query to determine if any other hosts connected to that interface are interested in traffic for the specified multicast group.

If MLDv2 snooping does not receive an MLDv2 report in response to the general query, MLDv2 snooping assumes that no other hosts connected to the interface are interested in receiving traffic for the specified multicast group, and MLDv2 snooping removes the interface from its Layer 2 forwarding table entry for the specified multicast group.

If the filter mode change record was from the only remaining interface with hosts interested in the group, and MLDv2 snooping does not receive an MLDv2 report in response to the general query, MLDv2 snooping removes the group entry and relays the MLDv2 filter mode change record to the multicast router. If the multicast router receives no reports from a VLAN, the multicast router removes the group for the VLAN from its MLDv2 cache.

The interval for which the switch waits before updating the table entry is called the "last member query interval." To configure the interval, enter the ipv6 mld snooping last-member-query-interval interval command.

Fast-Leave Processing

Fast-leave processing is enabled by default. To disable fast-leave processing, turn off explicit-host tracking.

Fast-leave processing is implemented by maintaining source-group based membership information in software while also allocating LTL indexes on a MAC GDA basis.

When fast-leave processing is enabled, hosts send BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES{src-list} messages for a specific group when they no longer want to receive traffic from that source. When the switch receives such a message from a host, it parses the list of sources for that host for the given group. If this source list is exactly the same as the source list received in the leave message, the switch removes the host from the LTL index and stops forwarding this multicast group traffic to this host.

If the source lists do not match, the switch does not remove the host from the LTL index until the host is no longer interested in receiving traffic from any source.


Note Disabling explicit host tracking disables fast-leave processing and proxy reporting.


Understanding the MLDv2 Snooping Querier

Use the MLDv2 snooping querier to support MLDv2 snooping in a VLAN where PIM and MLDv2 are not configured because the multicast traffic does not need to be routed.

In a network where IP multicast routing is configured, the IP multicast router acts as the MLDv2 querier. If the IP-multicast traffic in a VLAN only needs to be Layer 2 switched, an IP-multicast router is not required, but without an IP-multicast router on the VLAN, you must configure another switch as the MLDv2 querier so that it can send queries.

When enabled, the MLDv2 snooping querier sends out periodic MLDv2 queries that trigger MLDv2 report messages from the switch that wants to receive IP multicast traffic. MLDv2 snooping listens to these MLDv2 reports to establish appropriate forwarding.

You can enable the MLDv2 snooping querier on all the Catalyst 6500 series switches in the VLAN, but for each VLAN that is connected to switches that use MLDv2 to report interest in IP multicast traffic, you must configure at least one switch as the MLDv2 snooping querier.

You can configure a switch to generate MLDv2 queries on a VLAN regardless of whether or not IP multicast routing is enabled.

Default MLDv2 Snooping Configuration

Table 29-3 shows the default MLDv2 snooping configuration.

Table 29-3 MLDv2 Snooping Default Configuration 

Feature
Default Values

MLDv2 snooping querier

Disabled

MLDv2 snooping

Enabled

Multicast routers

None configured

MLDv2 report suppression

Enabled

MLDv2 snooping router learning method

Learned automatically through PIM or MLDv2 packets

Fast-Leave Processing

Enabled

MLDv2 Explicit Host Tracking

Enabled


MLDv2 Snooping Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

When configuring MLDv2 snooping, follow these guidelines and restrictions:

MLDv2 is derived from Internet Group Management Protocol version 3 (IGMPv3). MLDv2 protocol operations and state transitions, host and router behavior, query and report message processing, message forwarding rules, and timer operations are exactly same as IGMPv3. See draft-vida-mld-v2.02.txt for detailed information on MLDv2 protocol.

MLDv2 protocol messages are Internet Control Message Protocol version 6 (ICMPv6) messages.

MLDv2 message formats are almost identical to IGMPv3 messages.

IPv6 multicast for Cisco IOS software uses MLD version 2. This version of MLD is fully backward-compatible with MLD version 1 (described in RFC 2710). Hosts that support only MLD version 1 interoperate with a router running MLD version 2. Mixed LANs with both MLD version 1 and MLD version 2 hosts are supported.

MLDv2 snooping supports private VLANs. Private VLANs do not impose any restrictions on MLDv2 snooping.

MLDv2 snooping constrains traffic in MAC multicast groups 0100.5e00.0001 to 0100.5eff.ffff.

MLDv2 snooping does not constrain Layer 2 multicasts generated by routing protocols.

MLDv2 Snooping Querier Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

When configuring the MLDv2 snooping querier, follow these guidelines and restrictions:

Configure the VLAN in global configuration mode (see Chapter 14 "Configuring VLANs").

Configure an IPv6 address on the VLAN interface (see Chapter 22 "Configuring Layer 3 Interfaces"). When enabled, the MLDv2 snooping querier uses the IPv6 address as the query source address.

If there is no IPv6 address configured on the VLAN interface, the MLDv2 snooping querier does not start. The MLDv2 snooping querier disables itself if the IPv6 address is cleared. When enabled, the MLDv2 snooping querier restarts if you configure an IPv6 address.

When enabled, the MLDv2 snooping querier does not start if it detects MLDv2 traffic from an IPv6 multicast router.

When enabled, the MLDv2 snooping querier starts after 60 seconds with no MLDv2 traffic detected from an IPv6 multicast router.

When enabled, the MLDv2 snooping querier disables itself if it detects MLDv2 traffic from an IPv6 multicast router.

QoS does not support MLDv2 packets when MLDv2 snooping is enabled.

You can enable the MLDv2 snooping querier on all the Catalyst 6500 series switches in the VLAN that support it. One switch is elected as the querier.

Enabling the MLDv2 Snooping Querier

Use the MLDv2 snooping querier to support MLDv2 snooping in a VLAN where PIM and MLDv2 are not configured because the multicast traffic does not need to be routed.

To enable the MLDv2 snooping querier in a VLAN, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface vlan vlan_ID

Selects the VLAN interface.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 address prefix/prefix_length

Configures the IPv6 address and subnet.

Step 3 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping querier

Enables the MLDv2 snooping querier.

Router(config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping querier

Disables the MLDv2 snooping querier.

Step 4 

Router(config-if)# end

Exits configuration mode.

Step 5 

Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan vlan_ID | include querier

Verifies the configuration.

This example shows how to enable the MLDv2 snooping querier on VLAN 200 and verify the configuration:

Router# interface vlan 200 
Router(config-if)# ipv6 address 2001:0DB8:0:1::/64 eui-64 
Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping querier 
Router(config-if)# end 
Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan 200 | include querier 
  MLD snooping fast-leave is enabled and querier is enabled 
Router#

Configuring MLDv2 Snooping


Note To use MLDv2 snooping, configure a Layer 3 interface in the subnet for IPv6 multicast routing or enable the MLDv2 snooping querier in the subnet (see the "Enabling the MLDv2 Snooping Querier" section).


These sections describe how to configure MLDv2 snooping:

Enabling MLDv2 Snooping

Configuring a Static Connection to a Multicast Receiver

Enabling Fast-Leave Processing

Configuring Explicit Host Tracking

Configuring Report Suppression

Displaying MLDv2 Snooping Information


Note Except for the global enable command, all MLDv2 snooping commands are supported only on VLAN interfaces.


Enabling MLDv2 Snooping

To enable MLDv2 snooping globally, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# ipv6 mld snooping

Enables MLDv2 snooping.

Router(config)# no ipv6 mld snooping

Disables MLDv2 snooping.

Step 2 

Router(config)# end

Exits configuration mode.

Step 3 

Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan vlan_ID | include globally

Verifies the configuration.

This example shows how to enable MLDv2 snooping globally and verify the configuration:

Router(config)# ipv6 mld snooping 
Router(config)# end 
Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan 200 | include globally 
  MLD snooping is globally enabled
Router#
 
   

To enable MLDv2 snooping in a VLAN, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface vlan vlan_ID

Selects a VLAN interface.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping

Enables MLDv2 snooping.

Router(config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping

Disables MLDv2 snooping.

Step 3 

Router(config-if)# end

Exits configuration mode.

Step 4 

Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan vlan_ID | include snooping

Verifies the configuration.

This example shows how to enable MLDv2 snooping on VLAN 25 and verify the configuration:

Router# interface vlan 25 
Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping 
Router(config-if)# end 
Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan 25 | include snooping 
  MLD snooping is globally enabled
  MLD snooping is enabled on this interface 
  MLD snooping fast-leave is enabled and querier is enabled
  MLD snooping explicit-tracking is enabled
  MLD snooping last member query response interval is 1000 ms
  MLD snooping report-suppression is disabled
Router#

Configuring a Static Connection to a Multicast Receiver

To configure a static connection to a multicast receiver, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# mac-address-table static mac_addr vlan vlan_id interface type1  slot/port [disable-snooping]

Configures a static connection to a multicast receiver.

Router(config)# no mac-address-table static mac_addr vlan vlan_id

Clears a static connection to a multicast receiver.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# end

Exits configuration mode.

Step 3 

Router# show mac-address-table address mac_addr

Verifies the configuration.

1 type = ethernet, fastethernet, gigabitethernet, or tengigabitethernet

When you configure a static connection, enter the disable-snooping keyword to prevent multicast traffic addressed to the statically configured multicast MAC address from also being sent to other ports in the same VLAN.

This example shows how to configure a static connection to a multicast receiver:

Router(config)# mac-address-table static 0050.3e8d.6400 vlan 12 interface fastethernet 5/7 

Configuring a Multicast Router Port Statically

To configure a static connection to a multicast router, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface vlan vlan_ID

Selects the VLAN interface.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping mrouter interface type1  slot/port

Configures a static connection to a multicast router.

Step 3 

Router(config-if)# end

Exits configuration mode.

Step 4 

Router# show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter

Verifies the configuration.

1 type = ethernet, fastethernet, gigabitethernet, or tengigabitethernet

The interface to the router must be in the VLAN where you are entering the command, the interface must be administratively up, and the line protocol must be up.

This example shows how to configure a static connection to a multicast router:

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping mrouter interface fastethernet 5/6 
Router(config-if)#

Configuring the MLD Snooping Query Interval

You can configure the interval for which the switch waits after sending a group-specific query to determine if hosts are still interested in a specific multicast group.


Note When both MLD snooping fast-leave processing and the MLD snooping query interval are configured, fast-leave processing takes precedence.


To configure the interval for the MLD snooping queries sent by the switch, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface vlan vlan_ID

Selects a VLAN interface.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping last-member-query-interval interval

Configures the interval for the IGMP queries sent by the switch. Default is 1 second. Valid range is 1000 to 9990 milliseconds.

Router(config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping last-member-query-interval

Reverts to the default value.

Step 3 

Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan vlan_ID | include last

Verifies the configuration.

This example shows how to configure the MLD snooping query interval:

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping last-member-query-interval 1000
Router(config-if)# exit
Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan 200 | include last 
  MLD snooping last member query response interval is 1000 ms 

Enabling Fast-Leave Processing

To enable fast-leave processing in a VLAN, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface vlan vlan_ID

Selects a VLAN interface.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping fast-leave

Enables fast-leave processing in the VLAN.

Router(config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping fast-leave

Disables fast-leave processing in the VLAN.

Step 3 

Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan vlan_ID | include fast-leave

Verifies the configuration.

This example shows how to enable fast-leave processing on the VLAN 200 interface and verify the configuration:

Router# interface vlan 200 
Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping fast-leave 
Configuring fast leave on vlan 200
Router(config-if)# end 
Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan 200 | include fast-leave 
  MLD snooping fast-leave is enabled and querier is enabled
Router#

Enabling SSM Safe Reporting

To enable source-specific multicast (SSM) safe reporting, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface vlan vlan_ID

Selects a VLAN interface.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping ssm-safe-reporting

Enables SSM safe reporting.

Router(config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping ssm-safe-reporting

Clears the configuration.

This example shows how to SSM safe reporting:

Router(config)# interface vlan 10 
Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping ssm-safe-reporting 

Configuring Explicit Host Tracking


Note Disabling explicit host tracking disables fast-leave processing and proxy reporting.


To enable explicit host tracking on a VLAN, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface vlan vlan_ID

Selects a VLAN interface.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping explicit-tracking

Enables explicit host tracking.

Router(config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping explicit-tracking

Clears the explicit host tracking configuration.

Step 3 

Router# show ipv6 mld snooping explicit-tracking vlan vlan_ID

Displays the status of explicit host tracking.

This example shows how to enable explicit host tracking:

Router(config)# interface vlan 25
Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping explicit-tracking
Router(config-if)# end
Router# show ipv6 mld snooping explicit-tracking vlan 25 
Source/Group                    Interface    Reporter        Filter_mode
------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.1.1.1/226.2.2.2              Vl25:1/2     16.27.2.3       INCLUDE 
10.2.2.2/226.2.2.2              Vl25:1/2     16.27.2.3       INCLUDE 

Configuring Report Suppression

To enable report suppression on a VLAN, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface vlan vlan_ID

Selects a VLAN interface.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping report-suppression

Enables report suppression.

Router(config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping report-suppression

Clears the report suppression configuration.

Step 3 

Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan_ID | include report-suppression

Displays the status of report suppression.

This example shows how to enable explicit host tracking:

Router(config)# interface vlan 25 
Router(config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping report-suppression 
Router(config-if)# end 
Router# Router# show ipv6 mld interface vlan 25 | include report-suppression 
  MLD snooping report-suppression is enabled

Displaying MLDv2 Snooping Information

These sections describe displaying MLDv2 snooping information:

Displaying Multicast Router Interfaces

Displaying MAC Address Multicast Entries

Displaying MLDv2 Snooping Information for a VLAN Interface

Displaying Multicast Router Interfaces

When you enable IGMP snooping, the switch automatically learns to which interface the multicast routers are connected.

To display multicast router interfaces, perform this task:

Command
Purpose

Router# show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter vlan_ID

Displays multicast router interfaces.


This example shows how to display the multicast router interfaces in VLAN 1:

Router# show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter vlan 1
vlan            ports
-----+----------------------------------------
  1          Gi1/1,Gi2/1,Fa3/48,Router
Router#

Displaying MAC Address Multicast Entries

To display MAC address multicast entries for a VLAN, perform this task:

Command
Purpose

Router# show mac-address-table multicast vlan_ID [count]

Displays MAC address multicast entries for a VLAN.


This example shows how to display MAC address multicast entries for VLAN 1:

Router# show mac-address-table multicast vlan 1
vlan   mac address     type    qos             ports
-----+---------------+--------+---+--------------------------------
  1  0100.5e02.0203  static   --  Gi1/1,Gi2/1,Fa3/48,Router
  1  0100.5e00.0127  static   --  Gi1/1,Gi2/1,Fa3/48,Router
  1  0100.5e00.0128  static   --  Gi1/1,Gi2/1,Fa3/48,Router
  1  0100.5e00.0001  static   --  Gi1/1,Gi2/1,Fa3/48,Router,Switch
Router#
 
   

This example shows how to display a total count of MAC address entries for a VLAN:

Router# show mac-address-table multicast 1 count
 
   
Multicast MAC Entries for vlan 1:    4
Router#

Displaying MLDv2 Snooping Information for a VLAN Interface

To display MLDv2 snooping information for a VLAN interface, perform this task:

Command
Purpose

Router# show ipv6 mld snooping {{explicit-tracking vlan_ID}| {mrouter [vlan vlan_ID]} | {report-suppression vlan vlan_ID} | {statistics vlan vlan_ID}

Displays MLDv2 snooping information on a VLAN interface.


This example shows how to display explicit tracking information on VLAN 25:

Router# show ipv6 mld snooping explicit-tracking vlan 25 
Source/Group                    Interface    Reporter        Filter_mode
------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.1.1.1/226.2.2.2              Vl25:1/2     16.27.2.3       INCLUDE    
10.2.2.2/226.2.2.2              Vl25:1/2     16.27.2.3       INCLUDE 
 
   

This example shows how to display the multicast router interfaces in VLAN 1:

Router# show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter vlan 1
vlan            ports
-----+----------------------------------------
  1          Gi1/1,Gi2/1,Fa3/48,Router
 
   

This example shows IGMP snooping statistics information for VLAN 25:

Router# show ipv6 mld snooping statistics interface vlan 25
 
   
Snooping staticstics for Vlan25
#channels:2
#hosts   :1
 
Source/Group            Interface       Reporter      Uptime        Last-Join   Last-Leave
10.1.1.1/226.2.2.2      Gi1/2:Vl25      16.27.2.3     00:01:47      00:00:50      -     
10.2.2.2/226.2.2.2      Gi1/2:Vl25      16.27.2.3     00:01:47      00:00:50      - 

Tip For additional information about Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches (including configuration examples and troubleshooting information), see the documents listed on this page:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/switches/ps708/tsd_products_support_series_home.html

Participate in the Technical Documentation Ideas forum